US320370A - Cigarette-machine - Google Patents

Cigarette-machine Download PDF

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US320370A
US320370A US320370DA US320370A US 320370 A US320370 A US 320370A US 320370D A US320370D A US 320370DA US 320370 A US320370 A US 320370A
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bar
tobacco
apron
movement
cavity
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24CMACHINES FOR MAKING CIGARS OR CIGARETTES
    • A24C5/00Making cigarettes; Making tipping materials for, or attaching filters or mouthpieces to, cigars or cigarettes
    • A24C5/47Attaching filters or mouthpieces to cigars or cigarettes, e.g. inserting filters into cigarettes or their mouthpieces
    • A24C5/471Attaching filters or mouthpieces to cigars or cigarettes, e.g. inserting filters into cigarettes or their mouthpieces by means of a connecting band
    • A24C5/473Cutting the connecting band

Definitions

  • N PETERS HIMWUNIOQFIH'IBL Wimingion, D- C- (No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 2.
  • Figure 1 a side view of the machine, the parts being in the position of feeding the tobacco preparatory to cutting off the quantity 1 for one cigarette and the paper-delivering device as about delivering the first wrapper, and looking from the right-hand side of the machine;
  • Fig. 2 an opposite side view of the same;
  • Fig. 3 a top or plan view of the same;
  • Fig. 4 a transverse sectional view cutting through the cavity in the rolling-table, and looking toward the tobacco feed and delivery mechanism.
  • Fig. 5 is a transverse section'on 2 5 line 00 w, and looking toward the paper-deliverin g apparatus;
  • Fig. 6, a longitudinal sectional view showing working portions of the machine on an enlarged scale;
  • Fig. 7, a sectional side view, looking from the same side as Fig. 6;
  • Fig. 8 a horizontal section, looking down upon the driving-shaft, to show the system of levers in connect-ion with their respective cams;
  • Fig. 9 an under side view of the bed of the machine, to show the levers and mechanism beneath the 3 5 bed Fig. 10, a rear view of the tobaccocutter slide, showing the presser-bar and its spring connections;
  • Figs. ll, 12, and 13 detached views to illustrate the rolling operation Fig. 14, top view showing the feedingrolls and pa- 0 per-delivering device;
  • This invention relates to an improvement in an organized machine for the manufacture of cigarettes, and such as, having the tobacco fed to it automatically, takes a predetermined 5o quantity of tobacco from the mass, rolls such tobacco into cylindrical shape, presents a strip (No model.)
  • A is the bed of the machine, supported upon suitable legs, and upon which the operative mechanism of the machine is arranged;
  • B the driving-shaft, arranged in suitable bearings, C, on the bed, and to which power is applied through a pulley, D, fixed on the shaft, there being also adjacent to said fixed pulley a loose pulley, E, upon which the band may be run when it is desired to stop the machine, this being the usual arrangement of what is called tight and loose" pulleys.
  • D fixed on the shaft
  • F is the hopper upon which the tobacco is placed.
  • This hopper is of a trough-like character, and along its bottom runs an endless band, Gr, it passingover a drum, H, at therear end fixed upon a transverse shaft, I, and at the other end over a drum, J.
  • an intermittent advance movement isim parted from a cam, K, on the d rivingshaft B, through a rod,L, one end of which rides against said cam, supported at that end on a link, M, the other end connected to a lever, N, which is hung upon the shaft l, and so as to swing upon that shaft as its center.
  • a second endless band, T is arranged to pass over a drum, U, at its forward end and over a like drum, V, at its rear end. These drums are arranged so as to support the under run of the band above the band G, but inclined downward toward the band G at itsforward band G will pass beneath the band T, the
  • a correspondinglDtGIlIl ILLQIW movement is imparted to the band T from a bevel-gear, W, on the shaft I, working into a corresponding bevel-pinion, a, on a longitudinal shaft, b, which at its other end carries a bevel-gear.
  • c which works into a corresponding bevel-pinion, (1, on the shaft of the drum V, the proportion of the bevel" gears, their pinions, and the drums which carry the two bands being such that the movement of the two bands is to the same extent and simultaneous.
  • a transverse bar, 7c Immediately in front of the drum J, and practically forming acontinuation of the surface of the band G passing over said drum, is a transverse bar, 7c, and over which the tobacco delivered by the two bands will pass.
  • a presser-bar 2 over and parallel with the bar 70.
  • This bar 2 is carried by two vertical arms, 3 3, arranged on the back of the slide 1 in suitable guides, as seen in Fig. 10. These arms are provided with springs 4, one end of each of which is fixed to the slide below, the other end to the arms 3 above, and so that the tendency of the spring is to force the presser-bar 2 downward.
  • the bar 2 is so far below the lower end of the slide 1 as to permit movement of the slide independent of the bar, if the bar be held.
  • the presser-bar 2 will come upon the surface of the tobacco immediately over the bar 7c and take its bearing thereon. Then, as the slide 1 continues its descent, it will move downward independent of the presser-bar 2,
  • a cutter 5
  • the edge of which extends downward below the lower end of the slide 1, as seen in Fig. 6, and is fixed to the slide, so as to partake of its up-and-down reciprocating movement. Its back is in the plane of the forward edge of the bar It, and so that as the slide descends the edge of the cutter will pass close against the forward edge of the bar 70, as indicated in. broken lines, Fig. 6.
  • This apron is of flexible material, such as cloth or thin soft leather.
  • the other end is attached to a bar, 10, extending across over the bed, its ends atta ched, respectively, to levers 11, one at each side of the rolling-table, and which, extending down, are attached by their lower end to a roekshaft, 12.
  • a vibratory movement isimparted by a grooved cam, 13, on the driving-shaft B through a rod, 1 1, hung to an arm, 15, on the rock-shaft 12, and, as seen in Fig. 7, this cam giving a positive vibratory movement to the levers 11, as from the extreme rear position seen in Fig. 6, to the extreme forward position seen in Fig. 1.
  • the front of the cutter 5 is a follower, 16, supported on the lower end of vertical rods 17, working freely up and down in a vertical guide, 18, on the front of the slide 1.
  • a central vertical rod, 19, which extends above the guide 18, and an upanddown intermittent reciprocating movement is imparted to the follower 16 by a groove in the side of the cam 20 on the driving-shaft.
  • the under side of thefollower 16 is concave in transverse section, and so as to press the tobacco downward into the corresponding concave-shaped cavity, 7, in the table, and by the shape of the under side of the follower and the shape of the cavity 7 gives to the tobacco somewhat of a cylindrical shape, as seen in Fi 6.
  • the follower After the tobacco has been thus deposited upon the apron in the cavity of recess 7, the follower returns to its upward position. Then the levers 11 are turned forward from the recess 7, as seen in Fig. 7, doubling the apron upon the tobacco, and so soon as the apron has been fairly doubled upon the tobacco, as seen in Fig.
  • a guard, 27, is forced down upon the doubled apron directly forward of the tobacco inclosed by the apron, and as seen in Fig. 11.
  • the guard 27 is a thin flat bar extending transversely across over the rolling-table, one end connected to one end of a lever, 28, on one side, and the other to a like lever, 28, upon the opposite side.
  • These levers are both longitudinally slotted,and are hung each upon a stud, 30, in correspondingpositions, and so that the two levers 28 may slide on the said studs to carry the guard 27 back and forth, such reciproeatin g movement being imparted to the guard by a groove, 31, in the side of the cam 32 through levers 29.
  • the two levers 29 are fixed at their lower end to a rock-shaft, 33, and on this rockshaft is an arm, 34, and from which a rod, 35, extends to the driving-shaft, and that end is bifurcated to span the shaft and slide thereon as a guide, and the rod is provided with a stud, 36, to work into the groove 31 of the cam, so that as the shaft rotates the levers 28 will be thrown backward and forward, and carry with them the guard 27-say, as from the position seen in Figs. 6 and 7 to that seen in Fig. 1. An up-and-down movement is also imparted to the guard 27, which is done by causing the levers 28 to oscillate upon their respective studs 30.
  • This oscillatory movement is imparted to the levers 28 by a cam, 37, on the driving-shaft acting upon one arm of a lever, 38.
  • the rear ends of the levers 28 are connected by a rod, 39, extending across from one to the other, and through a slot, 40. (See Fig. 7.)
  • a rod, 41 extends into connection with the other arm of the lever 38.
  • the guard 27 stands in the position seen in Fig. 7, raised above and at the rear end of the rollingtable, and at this time the rod 39, which connects the two levers 28, is dropped into a downward turn, 42, at the rear end of the slot 40, as seen in Fig. 7.
  • the cam 37 at the proper time operates upon the lever 38 to raise the rod 39 in the downward turn 42 of the slot up into line with the slot 40, there being a slot, 43, in the end of the levers 29 to permit such movement of the levers 28.
  • the upward movement of the rear end of the levers 28 thus produced causes the guard 27 to descend upon the doubled apron in rear of the bar 10, as seen in Fig.
  • the guard is held by the longitudinal slot 40, through which the connecting-bar 39 passes, and the guard 27 follows the bar 10, restingupon the apron,but at so much less velocity than the bar that it retains its position close against the apron inclosing the tobacco, and as seen in Fig. 12.
  • the continued movement of the apron causes the tobacco to roll between the doubled part of the apron and hard against the guard 27, until finally the bight in the apron has arrived at the forward point of connection 8, as seen in Fig. 13.
  • the spool or roll 46 is provided with a long strip or ribbon of paper, in width corresponding to the length of a single completed cigarette. It is supported at the end of the machine opposite that to which the tobacco enters upon arms 47, and is led through a suitable guide, 48, to the feed-rolls 49 and 50.
  • One of the rolls, preferably the lower, is arranged in fixed bearings, and carries at its outer end a pinion, 51, into which a toothed Wheel, 52, below works, and fixed to or in connection with the toothed wheel 52 is a ratchet,
  • the other end of the lever 57 is acted upon by a cam, 59, on the driving shaft through a rod, 60, which extends up through the bed of the machine for this purpose, the shape of the cam being such that at the required time the rod will be depressed and turn the lever 57 to impart to the arm 55 an advance oscillatory movement, which movement through the pawl 54 will turn the feedrolls to the required extent to feed the requisite quantity of paper, the paper passing between the rolls through a guide, 61. (See Fig. 6.)
  • the paper-feeding mechanism is arranged uponan upright, 62, which extends up from the bed, and in this upright is a verticallyguided slide, 65, which carries a cutter, 64, at its upper end.
  • a vertical rcciprocating movement is imparted by a side cam, 65, on the driying-shaft.
  • a longitudinal rock-shaft Between the cam and the slide a longitudinal rock-shaft,
  • a bath, 72 is arranged at one side of the machine, and substantially in line with the edge of the paper to be pasted, and this bath is supplied with adhesive material.
  • a Wheel, 7 3 is arranged upon an axis across the bath that is to say, the wheel stands in a plane parallel with the plane of the cutter-and is caused to revolve, so that its periphery will dip into the adhesive material in the bath, and it is so caused to revolve by a band from a pulley, 74, on the driving-shaft, the said band running around carrying-pulleys to a pulley, 76, on the paste-wheel 73, and so that a constant rotation is imparted to the said pastewheel 73.
  • Upon the bath is a slide, 77, arranged to move longitudinally toward and from the wheel 73, and adjustable by a screw, 78, so as to be moved toward or from the periphery of the paste-wheel 73, and act as a scraper upon the periphery to take off the surplus paste or adhesive material which it raises from the bath, or so that only the proper quantity shall be delivered.
  • This bar or slide 79 carries a pasting-wheel, 81. To the slide 79 a reciprocating movement is given transversely across the machine, and above the paper which. has been delivered, by a toothed segment, 82, working into a toothed rack, 83, at-
  • the toothed segment 82 is fixed to a rockshaft, 84, and arranged in bearings 85. To this rock-shaft an oscillatory movement is imparted from a cam, 86, on the driving-shatt, acting upon an arm, 87, on the rock-shaft 84, and so that at the proper time an advance movement will be imparted to the pastingwheel 81 to carry it across the machine, and then to return it.
  • a horizontal bar, 88 On the same vertical slide 63 that carries the cutters, but above the cutter, is a horizontal bar, 88, and this bar is connected with the slide by rods 89, so as to partake of the up-a-nd-down reciprocating movement of the cutter-slide.
  • the plane of the lower edge of the bar 88 is in the path of the pasting-wheel 81, and so that as the pasting-wheel is ad vanced across the machine, as seen in broken lines, Fig. 5, the periphery of the pasting-roll S1 rides upon the under surface of the bar 85.
  • the pasting-wheel normally stands with its periphery in contact with the revolving pastewheel 73, and therefore its periphery receives from the periphery of the paste-wheel a coating of paste, or whatever theadhesive material may be, and then as it traverses across the machine beneath the bar 88 it deposits upon the under side of the bar a coating of adhesive material. So soon as the pastingwheel 81 has thus coated the under edge of the bar 88, the cutter-slide rises and cuts off the piece of paper which is to form the wrapper, and while this is being done the pastingwheel 81 returns.
  • the cutter-slide 63 descends until the bar 88 reaches the sur face of the paper, and as seen in broken lines Fig.6, also shown on a larger scale in Fig. 15, and so as to apply the paste upon its under surface to the surface of the paper near the edge at the cut.
  • this cross-bar is greater than the width of the paper, and the upper ends of the levers 94 support this cross-bar in a position with relation to the paper delivered so that the advance edge of the paper may pass onto the cross-bar 95 when the levers are thrown to theirextreme rear position, and as seen in Figs. 1 and 6,.and so that the advance edge of the paper will extend to substantially the forward edge of that cross-bar 95.
  • a vertical sliding rod, 96 is arranged parallel with the levers, and at their upper ends they each carry a finger, 97, and each rod is provided with a spring, 98, the act-ion of which is to draw the fingers 97 down upon the cross-bar 95, and the distance between the two fingers 97 is less than the width ofthe paper.
  • the levers 94 are turned to their rear position to receive the advancing edge of the paper, the fingers 97 are raised or opened by the same cam which imparts the in Fig.
  • holes 107 are made corresponlin g to the fingers 104 and the projections 105, and so that as the apron lies upon the table, as seen in Fig. 6, the fingers 104 and projections 105 extend up through the apron.
  • the slides 102 are raised by a flange, 108, on the side of the cam 13, acting upon one end of a lever, 109, the other end bearing upward against the cross-piece 103, and so that the fingers are simultaneously raised, and, as seen 6, ready to receive the edge of the paper presented by the lovers 94 and the crossbar 95, and so soon as the edge of the paper has been introduced over the apron and beneath the fingers 104 the flange 108 on the cam passes off from its engagement withthe.
  • apron commences its rolling movement, ad-
  • All parts of the machine may be made adjustable, if required, in the usual manner of adjusting parts in machines of like character, such adjustment being too well known to require particular description.
  • the apparatus for forming and compacting the cylinder of tobacco may be employed without applying the wrapper,the wrapper being applied by hand or other apparatus. So, also, the wrapping device may be employed without necessarily feeding the tobacco from the mass. It is only necessary that the cylinder of tobacco shall be arranged upon the rolling apron, so as to pass onto and be rolled with the wrapper.
  • presser-bar 2 may also be omitted and the 'be introduced by hand in like manner as it is introduced to the gripping-fingers of a printin'g-press.
  • I claim 1 The combination of a feedingdevice to deliver a predetermined quantity of tobacco, a cutter to cut from the mass said predetermined quantity of tobacco, a rolling-table having a cavity below and substantially parallel with the cutter, the said cavity being concave in transverse section, an apron one end of which is made fast to the rolling-table forward of said cavity, the other end attached to a device with mechanism for imparting to said device a reciprocating movement over said rolling-table to and from said cavity, and a reciprocating follower parallel with said cavity, the working-face of said followereoncave in transverse section and arranged to force the said quantity of tobacco into the cavity upon the apron, and substantially as-described.
  • apron 9 one end attached to the table for-- ward of said cavity, the other to a bar transversely over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar a reciprocating movement over the rollingtable toward and from said cavity, the guard 27, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, the gripping-fingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantiallysuch as described, to impart an up-and-down movement to said gripping fingers, and the vertically-reciprocating follower 16, substantially as and for the purpose described.
  • guard 27 with mechanism, substantially such .as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, and a wrapper-delivering device consisting of a horizontal bar, 95, and gripping-fingers 97, the said bar constructed with notches corresponding to the said fingers 104, mechanism, substantiall y such as described, to impart to said bar and fingers 97 a reciprocating movement ing-wheel, 81, arranged upon a slide parallel with the surface of the paper held by said bar adhesive material from said pasting wheel and deliver the same to the paper held as aforesaid, substantially as described.
  • apron 9 one end attached to the table forward of said cavity, the other attached to a bar, 10, transversely across and oversaid table,
  • a follower 16 with mechanism, substantiallysnch as described, to impart a vertical reci n'ocat-ing movement to said follower, and a Wrapper-(lelivering device consisting ot'a horizontal bar, 95, and grippingfingers 97, the said bar constructed with notches corresponding to the said fingers 101,
  • mechanism substantially such as dc scribed, to impart an up and-down movement to said fingers, the horizontal bar 95, fingers 97 on said bar, the said bar constructed with notches corresponding to said fingers 101, mechanism, substantially such as described,

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  • Manufacturing Of Cigar And Cigarette Tobacco (AREA)

Description

(No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 1. F. J. LUDINGTON.
CIGARETTE MACHINE.
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N PETERS, HIMWUNIOQFIH'IBL Wimingion, D- C- (No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 2.
F. J. LUDINGTON.
CIGARETTE MACHINE.
No. 320,370. Patented June 16, 1885.
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11 SheetsSheet 3.
(No Model.)
F. J. LUDINGTON.
CIGARETTE MACHINE.
m a A W m 6% w m R r N. PEIERS, Photo-Lithographer. Walhinglon, n. c.
(No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 4. P. J. LUDINGTON.
CIGARETTE MACHINE.
No. 320,370. Patented June 16, 1885.
N.'PEYERS. Pho2 Lhhognphnn Wahingion. 0.12.
11 Sheets-Sheet 5.
F. J. LUDINGTON.
(No Model.)
CIGARETTE MACHINE.
Patented June 16, 1885.
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(No Model.) 11 SheetsSheet 7. F. J. LUDINGTON.
CIGARETTE MACHINE. No. 320,370. Patented June 16, 1885.
(No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 8.
P. J. LUDINGTON.
GIGARETTE MACHINE.
No. 320,370. Patented June 16, 1885.
w pzz w 9/m I I (No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 9.
F. J. LUDINGTON.
CIGARETTE MAGHINE.
No. 320,370. Patented June 16, 1885.
(No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 10.
F. J. LUDINGTON.
CIGARETTE MACHINE.
N0. 320,370. Patented June 16, 1885.
(No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 11. E. J. LUDINGTON.
CIGARETTE MACHINE. No. 320.370. Patented June 16, 1885.
NITED STATES FRANK J. LUDINGTON, OF WATERBURY, ASSIGNOR TO JAMES G. ENGLISH,
OF NENV HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.
CIGARETTE-MACHINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 320,370, dated June 16, 1885.
Application filed July 30, 1884.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, FRANK J. LUDINGTON, of ater-bury, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a new ImprovementinCigarette-Machines; and 1 do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with accompany ing drawings and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in
Figure 1, a side view of the machine, the parts being in the position of feeding the tobacco preparatory to cutting off the quantity 1 for one cigarette and the paper-delivering device as about delivering the first wrapper, and looking from the right-hand side of the machine; Fig. 2, an opposite side view of the same; Fig. 3, a top or plan view of the same;
Fig. 4, a transverse sectional view cutting through the cavity in the rolling-table, and looking toward the tobacco feed and delivery mechanism. (This and the following figures are enlarged.) Fig. 5 is a transverse section'on 2 5 line 00 w, and looking toward the paper-deliverin g apparatus; Fig. 6, a longitudinal sectional view showing working portions of the machine on an enlarged scale; Fig. 7, a sectional side view, looking from the same side as Fig. 6;
0 Fig. 8, a horizontal section, looking down upon the driving-shaft, to show the system of levers in connect-ion with their respective cams; Fig. 9, an under side view of the bed of the machine, to show the levers and mechanism beneath the 3 5 bed Fig. 10, a rear view of the tobaccocutter slide, showing the presser-bar and its spring connections; Figs. ll, 12, and 13, detached views to illustrate the rolling operation Fig. 14, top view showing the feedingrolls and pa- 0 per-delivering device; Fig. 15, a longitudinal section through Fi 14, looking toward the pasting-roll Fig. 16, a detached view of the paper-delivering bar 95 and the fingers 97 Fig. 17, a detached view showing the grippingfingers 104.
This invention relates to an improvement in an organized machine for the manufacture of cigarettes, and such as, having the tobacco fed to it automatically, takes a predetermined 5o quantity of tobacco from the mass, rolls such tobacco into cylindrical shape, presents a strip (No model.)
of paper for the cover, and rolls the cover around the tobacco, upon which it is secured by an adhesive material applied to one edge of the paper, and so that the cigarette is delivered from the machine complete; and the invention consists in the combination of mechanism whereby such result is accomplished, as more fully hereinafter described, and particularly recited in the claims, this invention being an improvement upon the machine invented by C. 0. Crosby, and patented in the United States June 7, 1881, No. 242,605.
A is the bed of the machine, supported upon suitable legs, and upon which the operative mechanism of the machine is arranged; B, the driving-shaft, arranged in suitable bearings, C, on the bed, and to which power is applied through a pulley, D, fixed on the shaft, there being also adjacent to said fixed pulley a loose pulley, E, upon which the band may be run when it is desired to stop the machine, this being the usual arrangement of what is called tight and loose" pulleys. From this driving shaft all the operative parts of the mechanism derive their particular movements.
F is the hopper upon which the tobacco is placed. This hopper is of a trough-like character, and along its bottom runs an endless band, Gr, it passingover a drum, H, at therear end fixed upon a transverse shaft, I, and at the other end over a drum, J. To the endless band G an intermittent advance movement isim parted from a cam, K, on the d rivingshaft B, through a rod,L, one end of which rides against said cam, supported at that end on a link, M, the other end connected to a lever, N, which is hung upon the shaft l, and so as to swing upon that shaft as its center. From this lever an arm, 0, extends upward, and carries a pawl, P, which works into a ratchet, R, fixed to said shaft I. The movement imparted to the rod L by the cam K isiearward or from the cam, it being held against the cam and returned by a spring, S. This cam is of 5 the shape substantially as seen in Fig. (3, and such as to impart, with the spring S, an intermittent reciprocating movement to the rod L and a corresponding vibratory or swinging movement to the lever N, and which communicates to the drum ll a corresponding intermittent rotation, which intermittent rotation IOO . also moved at the same time.
is communicated to the endless band G, which forms the bottom of the hopper, and so that the material lying upon the band G will be moved intermittently along thehopper accord ing to the movement imparted to the band, and the extent of this movement corresponds to the amount of tobacco required for a single cigarette,it being understood that the tobacco is spread in the hopper upon the band G in such even thickness as to permitt'he delivery of such predetermined quantity for a single cigarette. At the forward or delivery end of the hopper, and as more clearly seen in Fig. 6, a second endless band, T, is arranged to pass over a drum, U, at its forward end and over a like drum, V, at its rear end. These drums are arranged so as to support the under run of the band above the band G, but inclined downward toward the band G at itsforward band G will pass beneath the band T, the
two bands traveling in the same direction, and as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 6, and
A correspondinglDtGIlIl ILLQIW movement is imparted to the band T from a bevel-gear, W, on the shaft I, working into a corresponding bevel-pinion, a, on a longitudinal shaft, b, which at its other end carries a bevel-gear. c, which works into a corresponding bevel-pinion, (1, on the shaft of the drum V, the proportion of the bevel" gears, their pinions, and the drums which carry the two bands being such that the movement of the two bands is to the same extent and simultaneous. As the tobacco is carried along by the band G, it passes beneath the band '1, and because of the band '1 gradually approaching the band G, so as to contract the space between the two, the tobacco is correspondingly compressed at the time it is delivered between-the two drums J and U. An adjustable tightener, a, is provided for the band Gr, near the driven drum H, so as to maintain the proper tension of the said band Gr. A similar tightener f is provided for the band T. This tightener f consists of a roll hung in one end of a pair of arms, g, which arms are secured to the upright h by bolts 1', and so that the arms may be turned to raise or depress the tightener according to the tension required.
Immediately in front of the drum J, and practically forming acontinuation of the surface of the band G passing over said drum, is a transverse bar, 7c, and over which the tobacco delivered by the two bands will pass. Immediately over this bar is a vertical slide, 1, arranged between vertical guides m m, and
so as to move up and down in a vertical path between said guides. To this slidea vertical reciprocating movement is imparted from the same cam, K, that imparts the vibratory movement to the lever N, and as seen in Fig. 6. From this cam a rod, 11,, extends upwind into connection with a lever, '19, on a rockshaft, 1', in rear of the slide, and from this rock-shaft 1" an arm, .9, extends into engagethe cam K. The rotation of the driving-shaft and the cam thereon is indicated by an arrow, and its relation to the rod L, through which the lever N is operated, is such that the said lever N first receives its forward movement to give the feed to the tobacco. Then the rise of the cam comes to the rod n to force down the slide 1.
Immediately below' the lower end of the slide 1 is a presser-bar, 2, over and parallel with the bar 70. This bar 2 is carried by two vertical arms, 3 3, arranged on the back of the slide 1 in suitable guides, as seen in Fig. 10. These arms are provided with springs 4, one end of each of which is fixed to the slide below, the other end to the arms 3 above, and so that the tendency of the spring is to force the presser-bar 2 downward. The bar 2 is so far below the lower end of the slide 1 as to permit movement of the slide independent of the bar, if the bar be held. As the slide descends, the presser-bar 2 will come upon the surface of the tobacco immediately over the bar 7c and take its bearing thereon. Then, as the slide 1 continues its descent, it will move downward independent of the presser-bar 2,
but increasing the force of pressure through the springs 4 4.
I On the face or front side of the slide l is a cutter, 5, the edge of which extends downward below the lower end of the slide 1, as seen in Fig. 6, and is fixed to the slide, so as to partake of its up-and-down reciprocating movement. Its back is in the plane of the forward edge of the bar It, and so that as the slide descends the edge of the cutter will pass close against the forward edge of the bar 70, as indicated in. broken lines, Fig. 6. Immediately after the presser-bar 2 takes its bearing upon the tobacco, the continued descent of the slide 1 forces the cutter down through the tobacco, which projects beyond the forward edge of the bar It, and cuts that projecting portion from the body or mass of tobacco, and then the slide returns and with it the presser-bar to permit the next advance movementof the tobacco under the action of the bands G and T, and in that next movement the mass will be moved between the presser-bar 2 and bar 70 to such an extent as to project a sufficient quantity of tobacco beyond the front face of the bar 70 to make a single cigarette. Then as the cutter next dein a horizontal plane, and. directly under the cutter is a cavity or depression, 7, below the top of the rolling-table 6, the cavity parallel with the cutter, concave in transverse section. To the forward edge of this table, as at 8, one
IIO
end of the rolling-apron 9 is attached. This apron is of flexible material, such as cloth or thin soft leather. The other end is attached to a bar, 10, extending across over the bed, its ends atta ched, respectively, to levers 11, one at each side of the rolling-table, and which, extending down, are attached by their lower end to a roekshaft, 12. To the rock-shaft 12 a vibratory movement isimparted by a grooved cam, 13, on the driving-shaft B through a rod, 1 1, hung to an arm, 15, on the rock-shaft 12, and, as seen in Fig. 7, this cam giving a positive vibratory movement to the levers 11, as from the extreme rear position seen in Fig. 6, to the extreme forward position seen in Fig. 1. In the extreme rear position of. the levers 11 the bar 10 stands at the rear of the cavity 7, and so that that end portion of the apron lies in the cavity, as seen in Fig. 6, and directl y beneath the tobacco, which is cut from the mass, as before described.
011 the front of the cutter 5 is a follower, 16, supported on the lower end of vertical rods 17, working freely up and down in a vertical guide, 18, on the front of the slide 1. To the follower is attached a central vertical rod, 19, which extends above the guide 18, and an upanddown intermittent reciprocating movement is imparted to the follower 16 by a groove in the side of the cam 20 on the driving-shaft. Above the hopper is a rock-shaft, 21, on which is an arm, 22, and from this arm 22 a rod, 23, extends down by the side of the cam 20, and on the adjacent side of the rod 23 a stud, 24, works into the groove in the side of the cam 20, as indicated in Fig. 4, and so as to receive an intermittent reeiproeatin g movement which is imparted to the arm 22 and to the shaft 21, to which it is attached From the same shaft, 21, an arm, 25, extends into linkconnection with the vertical rod 19, as seen in Fig. 1. The intermittentreciprocating movement thus imparted to the follower 16 causes it to descend with the cutter 5 until the tobacco has been cut off, as before described, but after such action of the cutter the follower continues its downward movement, carrying with it the tobacco cut off upon the apron into the cavity 7, as seen in broken lines, Fig. 6. The under side of thefollower 16is concave in transverse section, and so as to press the tobacco downward into the corresponding concave-shaped cavity, 7, in the table, and by the shape of the under side of the follower and the shape of the cavity 7 gives to the tobacco somewhat of a cylindrical shape, as seen in Fi 6. After the tobacco has been thus deposited upon the apron in the cavity of recess 7, the follower returns to its upward position. Then the levers 11 are turned forward from the recess 7, as seen in Fig. 7, doubling the apron upon the tobacco, and so soon as the apron has been fairly doubled upon the tobacco, as seen in Fig. 11, a guard, 27, is forced down upon the doubled apron directly forward of the tobacco inclosed by the apron, and as seen in Fig. 11. The guard 27 is a thin flat bar extending transversely across over the rolling-table, one end connected to one end of a lever, 28, on one side, and the other to a like lever, 28, upon the opposite side. These levers are both longitudinally slotted,and are hung each upon a stud, 30, in correspondingpositions, and so that the two levers 28 may slide on the said studs to carry the guard 27 back and forth, such reciproeatin g movement being imparted to the guard by a groove, 31, in the side of the cam 32 through levers 29. The two levers 29 are fixed at their lower end to a rock-shaft, 33, and on this rockshaft is an arm, 34, and from which a rod, 35, extends to the driving-shaft, and that end is bifurcated to span the shaft and slide thereon as a guide, and the rod is provided with a stud, 36, to work into the groove 31 of the cam, so that as the shaft rotates the levers 28 will be thrown backward and forward, and carry with them the guard 27-say, as from the position seen in Figs. 6 and 7 to that seen in Fig. 1. An up-and-down movement is also imparted to the guard 27, which is done by causing the levers 28 to oscillate upon their respective studs 30. This oscillatory movement is imparted to the levers 28 by a cam, 37, on the driving-shaft acting upon one arm of a lever, 38. The rear ends of the levers 28 are connected by a rod, 39, extending across from one to the other, and through a slot, 40. (See Fig. 7.) From the transverse rod 39 a rod, 41, extends into connection with the other arm of the lever 38. In its normal position the guard 27 stands in the position seen in Fig. 7, raised above and at the rear end of the rollingtable, and at this time the rod 39, which connects the two levers 28, is dropped into a downward turn, 42, at the rear end of the slot 40, as seen in Fig. 7. The cam 37 at the proper time operates upon the lever 38 to raise the rod 39 in the downward turn 42 of the slot up into line with the slot 40, there being a slot, 43, in the end of the levers 29 to permit such movement of the levers 28. The upward movement of the rear end of the levers 28 thus produced causes the guard 27 to descend upon the doubled apron in rear of the bar 10, as seen in Fig. 11, and directly in advance of the tobacco, and so as to cause the bight in the apron to inclose the tobacco, as seen in that figure, and in this position the guard is held by the longitudinal slot 40, through which the connecting-bar 39 passes, and the guard 27 follows the bar 10, restingupon the apron,but at so much less velocity than the bar that it retains its position close against the apron inclosing the tobacco, and as seen in Fig. 12. The continued movement of the apron causes the tobacco to roll between the doubled part of the apron and hard against the guard 27, until finally the bight in the apron has arrived at the forward point of connection 8, as seen in Fig. 13. There the bar 39, which connects the levers 28, fallsinto a depression, 44, in the forward end of the slot 40, which causes the guard to rise, as seen in Fig. 13-also seen in Fig. 1-and so as to permit the rolled tobacco to escape from the apron, and there escaping it may roll down the dischargechute 45, provided for the purpose.
The operation as thus far described will deliver the tobacco rolled into a perfectly cylindrical compact form,the compactness being produced by the guard held against the forward or advancing roll of tobacco, the shape of the cam which actuates the levers being such as to hold the guard in such bearingcontact with the apron while rolling the tobacco, and the tobacco thus delivered from the machine may be inclosed with paper by hand or otherwise I, however, prefer to inclose the tobacco automatically and in the same machine which rolls it into compact cylindrical shape. After the tobacco has been thus delivered, the parts thus far described return to their first position preparatory to feeding the mass of tobacco, cutting ott'and delivering a second portion, and rolling it as before I will now describe the mechanism by which the paper is automatically wrapped around the cylinder of tobacco.
The spool or roll 46 is provided with a long strip or ribbon of paper, in width corresponding to the length of a single completed cigarette. It is supported at the end of the machine opposite that to which the tobacco enters upon arms 47, and is led through a suitable guide, 48, to the feed-rolls 49 and 50. One of the rolls, preferably the lower, is arranged in fixed bearings, and carries at its outer end a pinion, 51, into which a toothed Wheel, 52, below works, and fixed to or in connection with the toothed wheel 52 is a ratchet,
53, and through which rotation is imparted to the lower feed-roll, 49, the two feed-rolls being geared together, so that they revolve in opposite directions, and as indicated by the arrows, Fig. 6. Intermittent rotation is imparted to the feed-rolls by means of a pawl, 54, hung to an arm, 55, concentric with the ratchet 53, and as seen in Fig. 1. From the arm 55 a rod, 56, extends into connection with one arm of a lever, 57, fixed upon a rock-shaft, 58, below the bed of the machine. The other end of the lever 57 is acted upon by a cam, 59, on the driving shaft through a rod, 60, which extends up through the bed of the machine for this purpose, the shape of the cam being such that at the required time the rod will be depressed and turn the lever 57 to impart to the arm 55 an advance oscillatory movement, which movement through the pawl 54 will turn the feedrolls to the required extent to feed the requisite quantity of paper, the paper passing between the rolls through a guide, 61. (See Fig. 6.)
The paper-feeding mechanism is arranged uponan upright, 62, which extends up from the bed, and in this upright is a verticallyguided slide, 65, which carries a cutter, 64, at its upper end. To the slide 63 a vertical rcciprocating movement is imparted by a side cam, 65, on the driying-shaft. Between the cam and the slide a longitudinal rock-shaft,
66, is arranged in bearings 67. From this rock-shaft an arm, 68, extends to the cam 65, and so that the cam will work against the arm 68 to imparta rocking movement to the shaft 66. On the said shaft 66 is another arm, 69, which extends to about the center of the vertical cutter-carrying slide, and is connected to the slide 63 by a stud, 70, extending through a slot, 71, in the upright, as seen in Figs. 5 and 6. Thus the movement of the cam will, through the rock-shaft 66, aided by a spring below the bed, (see Fig. 5,) impart an intermittent vertical reprocatin g movement to the cutterslide 63, and at the proper time after the requisite quantity 'of paper has been fed, the slide ascends, as seen in Fig. 6, its sharp edge passing across the opening in the guide 61, and so as to act as ashear in connection with that opening to sever the paper which has been projected through the opening by the feed-rolls, the extent of feed being equal to the width of the one piece required to form a I wrapper for the cigarette.
In order that the paper may adhere upon itself when wrapped about'the cigarette, it is necessary to apply adhesive material to one edge of the paper, which in this case is the edge next the cutter. To accomplish this object a bath, 72, is arranged at one side of the machine, and substantially in line with the edge of the paper to be pasted, and this bath is supplied with adhesive material. A Wheel, 7 3, is arranged upon an axis across the bath that is to say, the wheel stands in a plane parallel with the plane of the cutter-and is caused to revolve, so that its periphery will dip into the adhesive material in the bath, and it is so caused to revolve by a band from a pulley, 74, on the driving-shaft, the said band running around carrying-pulleys to a pulley, 76, on the paste-wheel 73, and so that a constant rotation is imparted to the said pastewheel 73. Upon the bath is a slide, 77, arranged to move longitudinally toward and from the wheel 73, and adjustable by a screw, 78, so as to be moved toward or from the periphery of the paste-wheel 73, and act as a scraper upon the periphery to take off the surplus paste or adhesive material which it raises from the bath, or so that only the proper quantity shall be delivered.
79 is a transverse sliding bar parallel with the plane of the cutter, and is arranged to be moved in the guides 80. This bar or slide 79 carries a pasting-wheel, 81. To the slide 79 a reciprocating movement is given transversely across the machine, and above the paper which. has been delivered, by a toothed segment, 82, working into a toothed rack, 83, at-
tached to or formed upon the end of the slide 79. The toothed segment 82 is fixed to a rockshaft, 84, and arranged in bearings 85. To this rock-shaft an oscillatory movement is imparted from a cam, 86, on the driving-shatt, acting upon an arm, 87, on the rock-shaft 84, and so that at the proper time an advance movement will be imparted to the pastingwheel 81 to carry it across the machine, and then to return it.
On the same vertical slide 63 that carries the cutters, but above the cutter, is a horizontal bar, 88, and this bar is connected with the slide by rods 89, so as to partake of the up-a-nd-down reciprocating movement of the cutter-slide. The plane of the lower edge of the bar 88 is in the path of the pasting-wheel 81, and so that as the pasting-wheel is ad vanced across the machine, as seen in broken lines, Fig. 5, the periphery of the pasting-roll S1 rides upon the under surface of the bar 85. The pasting-wheel normally stands with its periphery in contact with the revolving pastewheel 73, and therefore its periphery receives from the periphery of the paste-wheel a coating of paste, or whatever theadhesive material may be, and then as it traverses across the machine beneath the bar 88 it deposits upon the under side of the bar a coating of adhesive material. So soon as the pastingwheel 81 has thus coated the under edge of the bar 88, the cutter-slide rises and cuts off the piece of paper which is to form the wrapper, and while this is being done the pastingwheel 81 returns. Immediately upon the cutting off of the piece of paper the cutter-slide 63 descends until the bar 88 reaches the sur face of the paper, and as seen in broken lines Fig.6, also shown on a larger scale in Fig. 15, and so as to apply the paste upon its under surface to the surface of the paper near the edge at the cut.
Transversely across the bed, and what I call forward of the paperdeliverin g apparatus, is a rock'shaft, 90, (I say, forward, as being toward the pointin the machine where the work is completed.) To this rock shaft an oscillatory movement is imparted by a cam, 9 l, on the drivingshaft through a rod, 92, in connection with an arm, 93, fixed to the rock-shaft 90. From this rock-shaft two levers, 94, one at each side, extend upward, and at their upper ends are connected by a flat crossbar, 95. (See Fig. 16.) The length of this cross-bar is greater than the width of the paper, and the upper ends of the levers 94 support this cross-bar in a position with relation to the paper delivered so that the advance edge of the paper may pass onto the cross-bar 95 when the levers are thrown to theirextreme rear position, and as seen in Figs. 1 and 6,.and so that the advance edge of the paper will extend to substantially the forward edge of that cross-bar 95.
On each of the levers 94 a vertical sliding rod, 96, is arranged parallel with the levers, and at their upper ends they each carry a finger, 97, and each rod is provided with a spring, 98, the act-ion of which is to draw the fingers 97 down upon the cross-bar 95, and the distance between the two fingers 97 is less than the width ofthe paper. As the levers 94 are turned to their rear position to receive the advancing edge of the paper, the fingers 97 are raised or opened by the same cam which imparts the in Fig.
feed movement to the rolls.
On the same rock-shaft, 58, upon which the lever 57 is fixed are two' arms, 99, extending therefrom toward the end of the machine that carries the paper, and beneath the rock-shaft 90, to which the levers 94 are fixed, and so as to partake of the movement of the rock-shaft.
Up through the bed of the machine vertical slides 100 are arranged, their upper ends being rounded or concentric with the shaft 90, their lower ends resting upon the respective arms 99, and upon the concentric end of these slides the rods rest and ride as the levers are turned back and forth. As the rockshaft 58 is turned to impart the feed to the paper, as before described, the arms 99 raise the slides 100, and in so raising the slides the rods 96 are also raised, and correspondingly lift the fingers 97 from the cross-bar, as seen in Fig. 16. These fingers are therefore opened as the paper is fed; hence the forward edge of the paper will pass between the fingers 97 and the cross-bar 95 below, and when the feeding has ceased the rockshaft 58 returns and permits the slides 100 to be moved downward and the fingers 97 to descend onto the cross-bar or paper thereon, as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 16, and thus the paper is grasped at its extreme forward edge and near each end. The forward edge of the crossbar 95 between the ends of the fingers is constructed with several notches, 101, the edge of the paper covering these notches. When the paper has been thus engaged and pasted, as before described, the forward movement is imparted to the levers 94 to carry the edge of the paper over toward the recess 7, and over the apron, as seen in Fig. 7. The cross-bar 95 comes down close upon the apron, then lying upon the rollingtable.
At the point in the rolling-table 6 Where the cross-bar delivers the edge of the paper vertical slides 102 are arranged up through the rolling-table 6, and in a position corresponding to the notches 101 in the edge of the cross bar 95. These slides are fixed to a cross-piece, 103, as seen in Fig. 17, and at their upper ends the slides 102 each carry a gripping-finger, 104, which are arranged to bear upon a corresponding upward projection, 105, in the rollingtable, as seen in Fig. 11. These fingers are forced down by springs 106 resting upon a shoulder on the slides and beneath the table. 1
In the rolling-apron holes 107 are made corresponlin g to the fingers 104 and the projections 105, and so that as the apron lies upon the table, as seen in Fig. 6, the fingers 104 and projections 105 extend up through the apron. After the apron has been laid upon the rolling-table, as seen in Fig. 6, the slides 102 are raised by a flange, 108, on the side of the cam 13, acting upon one end of a lever, 109, the other end bearing upward against the cross-piece 103, and so that the fingers are simultaneously raised, and, as seen 6, ready to receive the edge of the paper presented by the lovers 94 and the crossbar 95, and so soon as the edge of the paper has been introduced over the apron and beneath the fingers 104 the flange 108 on the cam passes off from its engagement withthe.
lever 109, and permits the fingers 104 to 'descend upon the paper, as seen in Fig. 11. These fingers grasp the edge of the paper through the notches 101 in the edge of the bar 95, and so as to hold it upon the projections 105 independent of the apron. When the edge of the paperhas been thus engaged, the fingers 97 are again raised, as before, to release their grasp upon the paper, and then the levers 94, with the crossbar, return to receive a second piece of paper. The paper, or what is to be the wrapper, now lies upon the apron in the grasp of the fingers 104, the
apron commences its rolling movement, ad-
vancing, as seen in Fig. 11, toward the wrapper, the wrapper remaining held until the tobacco reaches the edge thus held, and as seen in Fig. 12. Having arrived at that position, the fingers 104 rise under the action of a second flange, 1 10, on the samecatn, and release the paper, which, from that time is rolled up upon the tobacco until the pasted edge is reached; then that pasted surface adheres, the rolling continuing, however, until the guard 27 rises and the cigarette escapes, as before described. Thus I combinein one machine both the tobacco forming and wrapping devices. All the movements are imparted from the single driving-shaft, the cams there on being shaped and timed to cause each part of the machine to perform its work at the proper time and with reference to all other parts, such shaping and timing of cams being a mathematical calculation well-known to all those skilled in the construction of machines of this character, and not necessary to be particularly illustrated. As the movement of some parts is necessarily quick or abrupt, and therefore requiring at times much more power than at others, I find it desirable to apply a frictional device to the driving-- shaft which will prevent any overthrow of the parts, and this I do by constructing the periphery of one of the cams-say 32-with an annular groove, and arranging in that groove a friction-strap, 111, one end of which is fixed to the bed of the machine, as seen in Fig. 6, the strap passing around through the groove,- its other end attached to a spring, as shown in Fig. 4, and so that the frictional strap will be held in'its groove to produce a friction according to the tension of the spring, which is sufficient to prevent any overthrow due to sudden movements of any of the parts, and in consequence of which the power is suddenly released.
All parts of the machine may be made adjustable, if required, in the usual manner of adjusting parts in machines of like character, such adjustment being too well known to require particular description.
While I prefer the double-band feed which I have described as the means for delivering substituted therefor, it only being essential jtothis part of my invention that the tobacco shall be delivered so that a requisite and predetermined quantity may be cut from the mass to form the cylinder of tobacco for the cigarette.
As I have described, the apparatus for forming and compacting the cylinder of tobacco may be employed without applying the wrapper,the wrapper being applied by hand or other apparatus. So, also, the wrapping device may be employed without necessarily feeding the tobacco from the mass. It is only necessary that the cylinder of tobacco shall be arranged upon the rolling apron, so as to pass onto and be rolled with the wrapper.
While I prefer to employ the vertical reciprocating follower 16 to force the tobacco down upon the apron in the cavity in the rollingtable, it may be omitted, and the tobacco fall into that cavity by its own gravity. The
presser-bar 2 may also be omitted and the 'be introduced by hand in like manner as it is introduced to the gripping-fingers of a printin'g-press.
From the foregoing it will be understood that I make no claim to anything shown in Patent No. 242,605, and I would also state that I am aware of English Patent No. 2,493 of 1859, and of United States Patents Nos. 97,292 and 262,177, and claim nothing therein shown or described.
I claim 1.The combination of a feedingdevice to deliver a predetermined quantity of tobacco, a cutter to cut from the mass said predetermined quantity of tobacco, a rolling-table having a cavity below and substantially parallel with the cutter, the said cavity being concave in transverse section, an apron one end of which is made fast to the rolling-table forward of said cavity, the other end attached to a device with mechanism for imparting to said device a reciprocating movement over said rolling-table to and from said cavity, and a reciprocating follower parallel with said cavity, the working-face of said followereoncave in transverse section and arranged to force the said quantity of tobacco into the cavity upon the apron, and substantially as-described.
2. The combination of the rolling-table 6 constructed with a cavity, 7, the said cavity concave in transverse section, flexible apron 9, attached at one end to the said table forward of saidcavity, the other end attached to a bar, with mechanism for imparting reciprocating movement to said bar over said table toward and from said cavity, a feeding device, substantially such as de scribed, to deliver a predetermined quantity IIO of tobacco over said cavity, a vertical reciprocating cutter, 5, arranged to cut such predetermined quantity from the mass, the follower 16, the under face of said follower concave in transverse section, and guard 27 with mechanism, substantially such as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, substantially as described.
3. The combination of the endless band G, forming the bottom of a hopper, a second endless band, T, arranged over and parallel with the upper run of said band or bottom of the hopper, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said two bands an intermittent advance movement, the bar It parallel with the drums over which said bands run, and forming a substantial continuation of the bottom of the hopper, the presser-bar 2, vertically-reciprocating cutter 5, the follower 16, the under face of said follower con cave in transverse section, apron, 9, and roll ing table 6, constructed with its cavity 7 concave in transverse section, substantially as and for the purpose described.
at. The combination of the endless band Gr, forming the bottom of a hopper, a second endless band, T, arranged over and parallel with the upper run of said band or bottom of the hopper, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said two bands an intermittent advance movement, the bar It parallel with the drums over which said bands run, and forming a substantial continuation of the bottom of the hopper, the presser-bar 2, vertically-reciprocating cutter 5, the guard 27 with mechanism, substantially such as de scribed, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, apron, 9, and rollin gtable 6, constructed with its cavity 7, concave in transverse section, substantially as and for the purpose described.
5. The combination of the rollingtable 6, constructed with a transverse cavity, 7, the apron 9, one end of which is attached to said table forward of said cavity, the other end attached to a bar, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart reciprocating movement to said bar over said table and toward and from said cavity, gripping-fingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron provided for the purpose, and mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said fingers a rising and falling movement, with the guard 27, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, substantially as specified.
6. The combination of the rolling-table 6, constructed with the cavity 7', flexible apron 9, one end attached to the table forward of said cavity, the other end to a bar over the table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart reciprocating movement to said bar toward and from said cavity, the fingers 104, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an up and-down movement to said fingers through corresponding openings provided in said apron, the guard 27, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, afollower, 16, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart a vertical reciprocating movement to said follower, substantially as described.
7. The combination of the two endless bands G T, arranged substantially parallel to each other, and with their adjacent runs in the same direction, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an intermittent advance movement to said bands, the bar it parallel with the forward drum of said band G, and forming substantially a continuation of the working-run of said band, the vertical reciprocating cutter 5, the rolling-table 6, constructed with the transverse cavity 7 parallel with said bar 7;, the apron 9, one end attached to the table forward of said cavity, the other to a bar transversely over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar a reciprocating movement over the rolling-table toward and from said cavity, the guard 27, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco, and directly in advance of the tobacco, the grippingfingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an up-and-down movement to said grippingfingers, substantially as described.
8. The combination of the two endless bands G T, arranged substantially parallel to each other, and with their adjacent runs in the same direction, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an intermittent advance movement to said bands, the bar parallel with the forward drum of said band G, and forming substantially a continuation of the working-run of said band, the vertical, reciprocatln g cutter 5, the rollingtable 6, constructed with the transverse cavity 7 parallel with said bar k, the apron 9, one end attached to the table forward of said cavity, the other to a bar transversely over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar a reciprocating movement over the rolling-table toward and from said cavity, the vertical reciprocating follower 1(i,the grippin gfingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an up-and-down movement to said grip pin g-fingers, substantially as described.
9. The combination of the endless bands G T, arranged substantially parallel to each other, and with their adjacent runs in the same direction, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an intermittent advance movement to said bands, the bar 70 parallel with the forward drum of said band, and forming substantially a continuation of the Working-run of said band,the verticallyreciprocating cutter 5, spring presser-bar 2, rollingtable 6, constructed with the transverse cavity 7 parallel with said bar 70, the apron 9, one end attached to thetable forward of said cavity, the other to a bar transversely over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar a'reciprocating movement over the rolling-table toward and from said cavity, the gripping-fingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantially such as described,toimpart an up-and-down movement to said gripping-fingers, substantially as described.
10. The combination of the endless bands G T, arranged substantially parallel to each other, and with their adjacent. runs in the same direction, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an intermittent ad vance movement to said bands, the bar It parallel with theforward drum of said band, and forming substantially a continuation of the working-run of said band, the vertically-reciprocating cutter 5, spring presser bar 2, rolling-table 6, constructed with the transverse cavity 7 parallel with said bar 70, the apron 9, one end attached to the tableforward of said cavity, the other to a bar transversely over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart tosaid bar a reciprocatin g movement over the rolling-table toward and from said cavity, -the guard 27 with mechanism, substantially such as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, the gripping-fingers 104, extending. up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an up and-down move mentto said grippin g-fingers, substantially as described.
11. The combination of the endless bands G T, arranged substantially parallel to each other, and with their adjacent runs in thelsame direction, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an intermittent advance movement to said bands, the bark parallel with the forward drum of said band, and forming substantially a continuation of the working-run of said band, the "ertically-reciprocating cutter 5, spring presser-bar 2, rolling-table 6, constructed with the transverse cavity 7 parallel with said bar 7r, the apron 9, one end attached to the table forward of said cavity, the other to a bar transversely over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar a reciprocating movement over the rolling-table toward and from said cavity, the grippingfingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an up-and-down movement to said gripping-fingers, and the verticall-y-reciprocating follower 16, substantially as described.
12. The combination of the endless bands G T, arranged substantially parallel to each other, and with their adjacent runs in the same direction, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an intermittent advance movement to said bands, the bar parallel with the forward drum of said bands, and forming substantially a continuation of the working-run of said band, the vertically-reciprocating cutter 5, spring presser-bar 2,
rolling-table 6, constructed with the transverse cavity 7 parallel with said 'bar k, the
apron 9, one end attached to the table for-- ward of said cavity, the other to a bar transversely over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar a reciprocating movement over the rollingtable toward and from said cavity, the guard 27, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, the gripping-fingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantiallysuch as described, to impart an up-and-down movement to said gripping fingers, and the vertically-reciprocating follower 16, substantially as and for the purpose described.
13. The combination of the rolling-table 6, constructed with the transverse cavity 7, the apron 9, one end attached to the table forward of said cavity, the other attached to a bar, 10, transversely across and over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart reciprocating movement to said bar over the table and toward and from said cavity, gripping-fingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an up-and-down movement to said gripping-fingers, the wrapper-delivering device consisting of a horizontal bar, 95, and gripping-fingers 97, the said bar constructed with notches corresponding to said fingers 104, and mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar and fingers a reciprocating movement toward and from said gripping-fingers 104, and substantially as and for the purpose described.
14. The combination of the rolling-table 6, constructed with a transverse cavity, 7, the apron 9, one end attach ed to the table forward of said cavity, the other attached to a bar, 10, transversely across and over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart reciprocating movement to said bar over th e table and toward and from said cavity, gripping-fingers 104, extending up through open in gs in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an up-and-down movement to said fingers, the horizontal bar 95, fingers 97 on said bar,the said bar constructed with notches correspondingto said fingers 104, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar and fingers 97 a reciprocating movement IIO toward and from said gripping-fingers 101, a pair of feeding-rolls and vertically-reeiprocatin g cutter arranged to deliver to said bar and fingers 97 the paper for a single wrapper, and the cutter to cut off the paper thus delivered, substantially as described.
15. The combination of the rolling table 6, constructed with a transverse cavity, 7, the apron 9, one end attached to the table for- 10, transversely across and over said table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart reciprocating movement to said bar over the table and toward and from said cavity, grippingfingers 101, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an up-and-down movement to said fingers, the horizontal bar 95, fingers 97 on said bar, the said bar constructed with notches corresponding to said fingers 104, mechanism, substantially such as described,to impart to said bar and fingers 97 a reciprocating movement toward and from said grippingfingers 104, a revolving pastewheel, 73, a pastforward of said cavity, the other end attached to a bar, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart reciprocating movement to said bar over said table and toward and from said cavity, gripping-fingers 104, extending up through openings in the apron provided for the purpose, and mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said fingers a rising and falling movement, with the ward of said cavity, the otherattaehed to a bar,
guard 27, with mechanism, substantially such .as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco and directly in advance of the tobacco, and a wrapper-delivering device consisting of a horizontal bar, 95, and gripping-fingers 97, the said bar constructed with notches corresponding to the said fingers 104, mechanism, substantiall y such as described, to impart to said bar and fingers 97 a reciprocating movement ing-wheel, 81, arranged upon a slide parallel with the surface of the paper held by said bar adhesive material from said pasting wheel and deliver the same to the paper held as aforesaid, substantially as described.
10. The combination of the rolling table 6,
constructed with a transverse cavity, 7, the
apron 9, one end attached to the table forward of said cavity, the other attached to a bar, 10, transversely across and oversaid table,
I toward and from said grip ping-fin gers 101, sulz stan tially as described.
18. The combination of the rolling-table 6, constructed with the cavity 7, flexible apron 9, one end attached to the table forward of said cavity, the other end to a bar over the table, mechanism, substantially such as de scri ed, toimpart reciprocating movement to said bar toward and from said cavity, the fingers 104, with mechanism, substantially such as described to impart an up and down movement to said fingers through corresponding openings provided in said apron, the guard 27, with mechanism, substantially such as de scribed, to force said guard down upon the j apron doubled over the tobacco and directly mechanism, substantially such as described, 1 to impart reciprocating movement to said bar over the table and toward and from said cavity, grippingfingers 10-1, extending up through openings in the apron made for the purpose,
in advance of the tobacco, a follower, 16, with mechanism, substantiallysnch as described, to impart a vertical reci n'ocat-ing movement to said follower, and a Wrapper-(lelivering device consisting ot'a horizontal bar, 95, and grippingfingers 97, the said bar constructed with notches corresponding to the said fingers 101,
with mechanism, substantially such as dc scribed, to impart an up and-down movement to said fingers, the horizontal bar 95, fingers 97 on said bar, the said bar constructed with notches corresponding to said fingers 101, mechanism, substantially such as described,
to impart to said bar and lingers 97 a rccipro- 1 eating movement toward and from said gripi said bar 95 and fingers 97, a 'verticallyrecip- 1 rocating bar, 88, in the path of said pastingwheel 81, and so that said bar will receive a coating of adhesive materialfrom said pastingwheel and deliver the same to the paper held as aforesaid, substantially as described.
17. ilhecombination ofthe rolling-table 0,0011- structed with a transverse cavity, 7, the apron 9, one end or which is attached to said table mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar and fingers 97 a reciprocating movement toward and from said gripping fingers 104, substantially as described.
19. The combination ofthe two endless bands G T, arranged substantially parallel to each other, and with their adjacent runs in the same direction, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart an intermittent ad- I vance movement to said bands, the bar It parallel with the forward drum of said band G, and forming substantially a continuation of the workingrun of said band, the verticallyreciprocating cutter 5, the rolling-table 0, con structed with the transverse cavity 7 parallel with said bar It, the apron 9, one end attached to the table tbrward of said cavity, the other to a bar transversely oversaid table, mechanism, substantially such as described, to impart to said bar a reciprocating movement over the rolling-table toward and from said cavity, the guard 27, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to force said guard down upon the apron doubled over the tobacco i and directly in advance of thetobacco,the grip- IIO
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