US3197997A - Suture needle - Google Patents

Suture needle Download PDF

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Publication number
US3197997A
US3197997A US69856A US6985660A US3197997A US 3197997 A US3197997 A US 3197997A US 69856 A US69856 A US 69856A US 6985660 A US6985660 A US 6985660A US 3197997 A US3197997 A US 3197997A
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needle
increase
flattened
bending
resistance
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US69856A
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Leonard D Kurtz
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Priority claimed from GB4410763A external-priority patent/GB1002505A/en
Priority to US443739A priority patent/US3265070A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06Needles ; Sutures; Needle-suture combinations; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06Needles ; Sutures; Needle-suture combinations; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06004Means for attaching suture to needle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06Needles ; Sutures; Needle-suture combinations; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06066Needles, e.g. needle tip configurations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06Needles ; Sutures; Needle-suture combinations; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06166Sutures

Definitions

  • the objective sought is to increase the resistance to bending without enlarging the diameter of the needle.
  • a surgical needle which has substantially increased resistance to bending wherein the needle diameter is not in creased over that which has been previously used.
  • the needle is flattened by compression in the usual manner to provide a gripping area for clamping needle holders and subsequently the needle is rotated 90 in the press and again the needle is compressed and flattened.
  • This second flattening step serves to increase the depth of the needle and hence increases the resistance to bending of the needle in the critical area adjacent the point where the needle is grasped by the needle holder. It has been found that by forming a needle in this manner a substantial improvement in the resistance to bending results, for example, tests with certain types of needles resulted in an increase in the resistance to bending of 20%. Such an increase is quite substantial and meets present day needs and, of course, the needle does not require greater force to pass it through tissues since the point is not altered and the size of the hole produced by the needle remains substantially the same.
  • An object of the present invention is to increase the resistance to bending of surgical suture needles Without increasing the diameter of the needle.
  • Another object of the present invention is to increase the depth of a needle in the area in which the needle is flattened for gripping by needle holders.
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a surgical suture needle illustrating the invention
  • FIG. 2 is a crosssection of a portion of a needle according to prior art design
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-section of the same portion of a needle according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 1 a surgical suture needle having a point 2 at one end thereof which may be one of many known designs.
  • a suture 3 is attached to the other end of the needle as by swagging or any other well known means for attaching sutures to needles.
  • the needle Adjacent the midportion of suture needles on the inner and outer portions of the curved surfaces thereof the needle is slightly flattened. This flattening is shown in FIG. 2 at 4 and 5. This flattening is achieved by compressing the needle within a press. The flattened surfaces form gripping areas for needle holders and are provided in order toprevent twisting of the needle in the holder. However, with reference to FIG. 2 it can be seen that this flattening or compression of the needle reduces the. depth of the needle 'as indicated at 6 so that the resistance to bending of the needle is reduced.
  • the needle is flattened both on the inner and outer curved surfaces as is customarily done and in addition is flattened by compression on the sides at 90 to the usual flattened areas.
  • This latter step serves to increase the resistance to bending.
  • FIG. 3 wherein there is provided flattened areas 7 and 8 on the inner and outer curved surfaces of the needle for the purpose of providing gripping areas for the needle holders.
  • flattened portions 9 and 10 which result from pressing the sides of the needle together. It can be appreciated that this latter step will increase the depth 11 of the needle over that of the depth 6 of a prior art needle. This increase in depth results in a substantial increase in the resistance to bending of the needle in the plane of the curved longitudinal axis of the needle which is the direction in which the needle tends to bend when pressure is applied by the surgeon.
  • Width shaft Depth of Maximum Width inches shaft, inches deformation depth force, lbs. I
  • the width given in the above table refers to the width of the flattened portion of the shaft. It can be seen that the deformation force increased significantly where the width" to depth ratio is less than 1 and reached a maximum at a width to depth ratio of 0.65.
  • Width shaft Depth of Maximum Width inches shaft, inches deformation depth force, lbs.
  • a substantial increase in the resistance to bending is effected by compressing the needle in such a manner as. to increase the depth in a direction in the plane of the curved longitudinal'axis of the needle.
  • a method for inc'reasing'the resistance to bending of a surgical needle in the area of the needle gripped by a needle holder comprising the steps of compressing the needle to form flattened areas for gripping by clamping needle holders and compressing the needle in a plane at to the needle holder gripping areas to increase the thickness of the needle between the two flattened needle holder gripping areas.
  • a method of increasing the resistance to bending of a surgical needle comprising the steps of compressing the needle on two faces to form needle holder gripping areas and on two additional faces disposed substantially normal with respect to the first two faces to increase the distance between said first two faces.
  • a method of increasing the resistance to bending of a surgical needle comprising the steps of compressing a curved surgical needle on the inner and outer curved surfaces thereof to form flattened areas of a predetermined width to provide needle holder gripping areas, compressing the needle on two surfaces of said needle disposed at least substantially normally with respect to said flattened areas to increase the depthof said needle between said flattened areas, the ratio of the width of said needle to the depth thereof at said flattened areas being less than 1.

Description

1965 D. KURTZ 3,197,997
SUTURE NEEDLE Filed Nov. 17. 1960 INVENTOR MON/9RD D. Kym,
ATTORNEY5 United States Patent 3,197,997 I SUTURE NEEDLE Leonard D. Kurtz, 9220 222nd St., Queens Village, Woodrnere, N.Y. Filed Nov. 17, 1960, Ser. No. 69,856 3 Claims. *(Cl. 72 377) This invention relates to suture needles and more particularly to a means for substantially strengthening suture needles against bending forces.
Heretofore it has been common practice to flatten by compressing portions of a curved surgical needle having a round cross-section to provide a gripping area for clamping needle holders. This procedure insures that the needle will not twist while being retained by the needle holder, but it can also be appreciated that the reduction of depth of the needle produced by this compression substantially reduces the force required to bend the needle in the plane of the curvature thereof. The resistance to bending force of surgical suture needles is of utmost importance to the surgeon who frequently must exercise considerable pressure to pass a needle through certain tissues.
An increase in the needle diameter would, of course, result in a substantial increase in the fo'rcerequired to bend the needle but such a needle modification would increase the size of the hole made by the needle and would increase trauma to the patient. Thus, the objective sought is to increase the resistance to bending without enlarging the diameter of the needle.
According to the present invention there is provided a surgical needle which has substantially increased resistance to bending wherein the needle diameter is not in creased over that which has been previously used. According to the present invention the needle is flattened by compression in the usual manner to provide a gripping area for clamping needle holders and subsequently the needle is rotated 90 in the press and again the needle is compressed and flattened. This second flattening step serves to increase the depth of the needle and hence increases the resistance to bending of the needle in the critical area adjacent the point where the needle is grasped by the needle holder. It has been found that by forming a needle in this manner a substantial improvement in the resistance to bending results, for example, tests with certain types of needles resulted in an increase in the resistance to bending of 20%. Such an increase is quite substantial and meets present day needs and, of course, the needle does not require greater force to pass it through tissues since the point is not altered and the size of the hole produced by the needle remains substantially the same.
An object of the present invention is to increase the resistance to bending of surgical suture needles Without increasing the diameter of the needle.
Another object of the present invention is to increase the depth of a needle in the area in which the needle is flattened for gripping by needle holders.
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of the present invention will become more readily apparent upon consideration of the following detailed specification in light of the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a surgical suture needle illustrating the invention,
3,197,997 Patented Aug. 3, 1965 FIG. 2 is a crosssection of a portion of a needle according to prior art design, and
FIG. 3 is a cross-section of the same portion of a needle according to the present invention.
Referring nowmore specifically to the drawings wherein like numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views there is shown at 1 in FIG. 1 a surgical suture needle having a point 2 at one end thereof which may be one of many known designs. A suture 3 is attached to the other end of the needle as by swagging or any other well known means for attaching sutures to needles.
Adjacent the midportion of suture needles on the inner and outer portions of the curved surfaces thereof the needle is slightly flattened. This flattening is shown in FIG. 2 at 4 and 5. This flattening is achieved by compressing the needle within a press. The flattened surfaces form gripping areas for needle holders and are provided in order toprevent twisting of the needle in the holder. However, with reference to FIG. 2 it can be seen that this flattening or compression of the needle reduces the. depth of the needle 'as indicated at 6 so that the resistance to bending of the needle is reduced.
According. to the present invention the needle is flattened both on the inner and outer curved surfaces as is customarily done and in addition is flattened by compression on the sides at 90 to the usual flattened areas. This latter step serves to increase the resistance to bending. This is shown in FIG. 3 wherein there is provided flattened areas 7 and 8 on the inner and outer curved surfaces of the needle for the purpose of providing gripping areas for the needle holders. There is also shown flattened portions 9 and 10 which result from pressing the sides of the needle together. It can be appreciated that this latter step will increase the depth 11 of the needle over that of the depth 6 of a prior art needle. This increase in depth results in a substantial increase in the resistance to bending of the needle in the plane of the curved longitudinal axis of the needle which is the direction in which the needle tends to bend when pressure is applied by the surgeon.
The following tables disclose tests made with two different needles and illustrate the substantial increase over a standard needle in the force required to bend the needle according to the present invention.
A standard prior art needle having an original wire diameter of .0245" yielded a maximum deformation force of 13.4 lbs. This needle was modified to increase the depth according to the present invention giving the following results:
Width shaft, Depth of Maximum Width inches shaft, inches deformation depth force, lbs. I
The width given in the above table refers to the width of the flattened portion of the shaft. It can be seen that the deformation force increased significantly where the width" to depth ratio is less than 1 and reached a maximum at a width to depth ratio of 0.65.
Tests were also conducted on a needle having a wire diameter of .0392 which yielded at a deformation force of 17.5 lbs. This needle when modified according to the present invention produced the following results:
Width shaft, Depth of Maximum Width inches shaft, inches deformation depth force, lbs.
1t can be readily seen that a significant increase in resistance to bending was realized at a width to depth ratio less than 1 and that a maximum increase was realized at a ratio of 0.91.
Thus, according to the present invention a substantial increase in the resistance to bending is effected by compressing the needle in such a manner as. to increase the depth in a direction in the plane of the curved longitudinal'axis of the needle. By decreasing the width to depth ratio tov a value less than one the increase in-resistance reached a maximum.
Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. What is claimed as new and is desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
1. A method for inc'reasing'the resistance to bending of a surgical needle in the area of the needle gripped by a needle holder comprising the steps of compressing the needle to form flattened areas for gripping by clamping needle holders and compressing the needle in a plane at to the needle holder gripping areas to increase the thickness of the needle between the two flattened needle holder gripping areas.
2. A method of increasing the resistance to bending of a surgical needle comprising the steps of compressing the needle on two faces to form needle holder gripping areas and on two additional faces disposed substantially normal with respect to the first two faces to increase the distance between said first two faces.
3. A method of increasing the resistance to bending of a surgical needle comprising the steps of compressing a curved surgical needle on the inner and outer curved surfaces thereof to form flattened areas of a predetermined width to provide needle holder gripping areas, compressing the needle on two surfaces of said needle disposed at least substantially normally with respect to said flattened areas to increase the depthof said needle between said flattened areas, the ratio of the width of said needle to the depth thereof at said flattened areas being less than 1.
References (Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,072,482 9/13 Merrow 163-5 1,110,468 9/14 Turner 128-339 1,452,225 4/23 Smith 29-553 1,567,353 12/25 Whitney 29553 2,841,150 7/58 Riall 128339 2,920,371 1/60 Shoemaker 29-553 X 3,038,475 6/62' Orcutt 128339 WHITMORE A. WILTZ, Primary Examiner.
HAROLD, B. WHITMORE, HYLAND BIZOT,
Examiners.

Claims (1)

1. A METHOD FOR INCREASING THE RESISTANCE TO BENDING OF A SURGICAL NEEDLE IN THE AREA OF THE NEEDLE GRIPPED BY A NEEDLE HOLDER COMPRISING THE STEPS OF COMPRESSING THE NEEDLE TO FORM FLATTENED AREAS FOR GRIPPING BY CLAMPING NEEDLE HOLDERS AND COMPRISING THE NEEDLE IN A PLANE AT 90* TO THE NEEDLE HOLDER GRIPPING AREAS TO INCREASE THE THICKNESS OF THE NEEDLE BETWEEN THE TWO FLATTENED NEEDLE HOLDER GRIPPING AREAS.
US69856A 1960-11-17 1960-11-17 Suture needle Expired - Lifetime US3197997A (en)

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US69856A US3197997A (en) 1960-11-17 1960-11-17 Suture needle
US443739A US3265070A (en) 1960-11-17 1965-02-26 Suture needle

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GB4410763A GB1002505A (en) 1963-11-08 1963-11-08 Suture needle

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3238942A (en) * 1964-10-19 1966-03-08 Harvey A Lincoff Surgical needle
DE2738452A1 (en) * 1977-04-15 1978-10-26 Deknatel Inc SURGICAL STERNOTOMY NEEDLE
US4524771A (en) * 1982-10-28 1985-06-25 Ethicon Inc. Multiple curved surgical needle
US4775426A (en) * 1986-04-03 1988-10-04 Richards Medical Company Method of manufacturing surgical implants from cast stainless steel and product
EP0286438A2 (en) * 1987-04-10 1988-10-12 Ethicon, Inc. Tapered I-beam surgical needles
US4976684A (en) * 1988-11-21 1990-12-11 Johnson & Johnson Orthopaedics, Inc. Method of using a bendable trocar
US6189747B1 (en) * 2000-01-12 2001-02-20 James C. Collingham Hand sewing needle
US6322581B1 (en) * 1999-08-26 2001-11-27 Mani, Inc. Suturing needle for medical use
US20020193809A1 (en) * 2001-06-14 2002-12-19 Meade John C. Apparatus and method for surgical suturing with thread management
US20040002724A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2004-01-01 Falahee Mark H. Navigable trocar with safety tip
US20050044922A1 (en) * 2003-08-14 2005-03-03 Bogart Michael W. Grindless surgical needle manufacture
US20070106329A1 (en) * 2005-11-10 2007-05-10 Reza Dabir Sickle needle and method
US8469973B2 (en) 2006-01-27 2013-06-25 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for sternotomy closure
US8821519B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2014-09-02 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9675339B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-06-13 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for minimally invasive suturing
US10098630B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2018-10-16 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US10292698B2 (en) 2017-07-27 2019-05-21 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US10542968B2 (en) 2016-12-23 2020-01-28 Brigham And Women's Hospital, Inc. Systems and methods for suturing tissue
US10799233B2 (en) 2012-05-01 2020-10-13 Brigham And Women's Hospital, Inc. Suturing device for laparoscopic procedures
USD912251S1 (en) * 2019-08-13 2021-03-02 Ethicon, Inc. Suture needle having a wave shape
USD912819S1 (en) * 2019-08-13 2021-03-09 Ethicon, Inc. Suture needle having a rotatable joint
USD938031S1 (en) * 2019-07-14 2021-12-07 Telma Micro Needles Pvt. Ltd. Undrilled needle
US11234691B2 (en) 2019-08-13 2022-02-01 Ethicon, Inc. Composite suture needles having rotatable sections
US11253250B2 (en) 2017-02-26 2022-02-22 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US1072482A (en) * 1911-08-11 1913-09-09 Joseph M Merrow Method of forming hooked or throated needles.
US1110468A (en) * 1911-02-06 1914-09-15 Joseph S Turner Surgical needle.
US1452225A (en) * 1920-03-31 1923-04-17 Smith Corp A O Process of forming curved flanged bars
US1567353A (en) * 1924-07-14 1925-12-29 American Steel Foundries Method of forming brake levers
US2841150A (en) * 1957-05-06 1958-07-01 American Cyanamid Co Cutting edge suture needle
US2920371A (en) * 1958-01-13 1960-01-12 Simplex Forms Systems Inc Tie-wires for concrete forms
US3038475A (en) * 1960-06-27 1962-06-12 American Cyanamid Co Surgical needles and manufacture of same

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1110468A (en) * 1911-02-06 1914-09-15 Joseph S Turner Surgical needle.
US1072482A (en) * 1911-08-11 1913-09-09 Joseph M Merrow Method of forming hooked or throated needles.
US1452225A (en) * 1920-03-31 1923-04-17 Smith Corp A O Process of forming curved flanged bars
US1567353A (en) * 1924-07-14 1925-12-29 American Steel Foundries Method of forming brake levers
US2841150A (en) * 1957-05-06 1958-07-01 American Cyanamid Co Cutting edge suture needle
US2920371A (en) * 1958-01-13 1960-01-12 Simplex Forms Systems Inc Tie-wires for concrete forms
US3038475A (en) * 1960-06-27 1962-06-12 American Cyanamid Co Surgical needles and manufacture of same

Cited By (80)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3238942A (en) * 1964-10-19 1966-03-08 Harvey A Lincoff Surgical needle
DE2738452A1 (en) * 1977-04-15 1978-10-26 Deknatel Inc SURGICAL STERNOTOMY NEEDLE
US4128351A (en) * 1977-04-15 1978-12-05 Deknatel Inc. Sternotomy surgical needle
US4524771A (en) * 1982-10-28 1985-06-25 Ethicon Inc. Multiple curved surgical needle
US4775426A (en) * 1986-04-03 1988-10-04 Richards Medical Company Method of manufacturing surgical implants from cast stainless steel and product
EP0286438A2 (en) * 1987-04-10 1988-10-12 Ethicon, Inc. Tapered I-beam surgical needles
US4799484A (en) * 1987-04-10 1989-01-24 Ethicon, Inc. Tapered I-beam surgical needles
EP0286438B1 (en) * 1987-04-10 1993-06-23 Ethicon, Inc. Tapered i-beam surgical needles
US4976684A (en) * 1988-11-21 1990-12-11 Johnson & Johnson Orthopaedics, Inc. Method of using a bendable trocar
US6322581B1 (en) * 1999-08-26 2001-11-27 Mani, Inc. Suturing needle for medical use
US6189747B1 (en) * 2000-01-12 2001-02-20 James C. Collingham Hand sewing needle
WO2001051695A1 (en) * 2000-01-12 2001-07-19 James Collingham Hand sewing needle
US9943307B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2018-04-17 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US9445807B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2016-09-20 Endoevolution, Llc Needle for suturing instrument
US9717495B1 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-08-01 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US6923819B2 (en) * 2001-06-14 2005-08-02 Suturtek Incorporated Apparatus and method for surgical suturing with thread management
US20050216038A1 (en) * 2001-06-14 2005-09-29 Suturtek Incorporated Apparatus for surgical suturing with thread management
US20060173491A1 (en) * 2001-06-14 2006-08-03 Suturtek Incorporated Needle for suturing instrument
US9730688B1 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-08-15 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US10792032B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2020-10-06 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Methods of surgical fastening
US8066737B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2011-11-29 Endoevolution, Llc Needle for suturing instrument
US20020193809A1 (en) * 2001-06-14 2002-12-19 Meade John C. Apparatus and method for surgical suturing with thread management
US10045774B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2018-08-14 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical fastening
US8623048B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2014-01-07 Endoevolution, Llc Suturing instrument
US9962152B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2018-05-08 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US9693770B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-07-04 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US9943308B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2018-04-17 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US9717493B1 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-08-01 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US9936945B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2018-04-10 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US20170119376A1 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-05-04 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US9743925B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-08-29 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US9743923B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-08-29 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US9649107B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-05-16 Endoevolution, Llc Needle for suturing instrument
US9737296B1 (en) 2001-06-14 2017-08-22 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for surgical suturing
US20040002724A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2004-01-01 Falahee Mark H. Navigable trocar with safety tip
US7185524B2 (en) 2003-08-14 2007-03-06 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Grindless surgical needle manufacture
US20050044922A1 (en) * 2003-08-14 2005-03-03 Bogart Michael W. Grindless surgical needle manufacture
US10111654B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2018-10-30 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9936944B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2018-04-10 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9700301B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-07-11 Endoevolution, Llc Suturing needles
US9675339B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-06-13 Endoevolution, Llc Devices and methods for minimally invasive suturing
US9642614B1 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-05-09 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9642613B1 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-05-09 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US11253249B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2022-02-22 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9795377B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-10-24 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9795376B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-10-24 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9808238B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-11-07 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9597071B1 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-03-21 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US10098630B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2018-10-16 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9474523B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2016-10-25 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9451948B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2016-09-27 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US11172922B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2021-11-16 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9962155B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2018-05-08 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US8821519B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2014-09-02 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9962154B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2018-05-08 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US9700302B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2017-07-11 Endoevolution, Llc Suturing needles
US9962153B2 (en) 2004-09-20 2018-05-08 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for minimally invasive suturing
US8292920B2 (en) 2005-11-10 2012-10-23 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Sickle needle and method
US20070106329A1 (en) * 2005-11-10 2007-05-10 Reza Dabir Sickle needle and method
US8469973B2 (en) 2006-01-27 2013-06-25 Endoevolution, Llc Apparatus and method for sternotomy closure
US11033262B2 (en) 2006-01-27 2021-06-15 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Apparatus and method for tissue closure
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