US3187167A - Electronic calculator with dynamic recirculating storage register - Google Patents

Electronic calculator with dynamic recirculating storage register Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3187167A
US3187167A US9203661A US3187167A US 3187167 A US3187167 A US 3187167A US 9203661 A US9203661 A US 9203661A US 3187167 A US3187167 A US 3187167A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
shift
pass
digit
read
storage register
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Berezin Evelyn
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Curtiss Wright Corp
Original Assignee
Curtiss Wright Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US567567A priority Critical patent/US2973141A/en
Application filed by Curtiss Wright Corp filed Critical Curtiss Wright Corp
Priority to US9203661 priority patent/US3187167A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3187167A publication Critical patent/US3187167A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F7/00Methods or arrangements for processing data by operating upon the order or content of the data handled
    • G06F7/38Methods or arrangements for performing computations using exclusively denominational number representation, e.g. using binary, ternary, decimal representation
    • G06F7/48Methods or arrangements for performing computations using exclusively denominational number representation, e.g. using binary, ternary, decimal representation using non-contact-making devices, e.g. tube, solid state device; using unspecified devices
    • G06F7/57Arithmetic logic units [ALU], i.e. arrangements or devices for performing two or more of the operations covered by groups G06F7/483 - G06F7/556 or for performing logical operations
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F11/00Error detection; Error correction; Monitoring
    • G06F11/07Responding to the occurrence of a fault, e.g. fault tolerance
    • G06F11/08Error detection or correction by redundancy in data representation, e.g. by using checking codes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F5/00Methods or arrangements for data conversion without changing the order or content of the data handled
    • G06F5/01Methods or arrangements for data conversion without changing the order or content of the data handled for shifting, e.g. justifying, scaling, normalising
    • G06F5/017Methods or arrangements for data conversion without changing the order or content of the data handled for shifting, e.g. justifying, scaling, normalising using recirculating storage elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q40/00Finance; Insurance; Tax strategies; Processing of corporate or income taxes
    • G06Q40/12Accounting
    • G06Q40/123Tax preparation or submission

Description

June 1, 1965 E. BEREZIN 3,187,167

ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 1 J, INVENTOR. EVELYN BEREZIN BYQIQ ATTORNEY E. BEREZIN June 1, 1965 49 Sheets-Sheet 3 Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 DODROOQ F0 3022 is 2: m? .w v W33 1... 29.5230 aux.

mwkmaum iUuIU June 1, 1965 E BEREZIN STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 4 GENERAL INFORMATION SIGNAL FLOW F/GG PROGRAM KEYBOARD SELECTOR I42 FA/,-----Fk/ CYCLE CARRIAGE TAB NERATORS CONTROL COUNTER BELT EN ER I52 MOTOR TRO lgg 143 L FORMAT moron I29 J BELT ZONE PRIIIg'gER LEFT-SHIFT INPUT-OUTPUT f: R E R AK 4 CONTROL f5 PAPER-TAPE n5 INPUT-OUTPUT ZONE A W2? --Laf'/-$h/Ff Pfiz r- Q ADD-ONE 9 REGISTER -Add-One Regllshr ARITHMETIC lN-OUT 4c ZONE CONTROL n2 I CONTROL BEL-r J-w20 u x Accumu/afor Reglsrer W/J my, ACCUMULATOR 'J4H 35 3B? OPERAND ARITHMETIC CONTROL fg El- CON L 4:; AM us w/z GNETIC W21 ADDER- SCAN W30) DISK SUBTRACTOR CONTROL 9% W3! |22 |24 TQOBBaj/z H7 PAN 1 F -Ac MEMORY AR"; IN'OUT #2? h C N INVENTOR.

m EVELYN BEREZ/N 02! I ROA BY Q); Q

A TTORNEY June 1, 1965 E. BEREZIN 3,187,167

ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 6 Ah I I P PROGRA DC. 0

j DE I/ IMH We CARRIAGE TAB ,3! 6

x5 I! WH MH N CONTROL COUNTER BELT CYCLE I52 15x MOTQR GENERATO Y4) CONTROL CM L +s I33 C31 -GC/ -FS MAIN r PRINTER INPUT-OUTPUT AUXILIAR ZONE PRINTER REGISTER ZONE E gIEE IN! TIA TE OPERATION CONTROL B ELT SCAN CONTROL IN IEN TOR. EVELYN BEREZ/N A T TOR/V5 I June 1, 1965 E BEREZm 3,187,167

ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 9 KEYBOARD I 4 2 INPUFOUTPUT MAIN ZONE PRINTER I4 0 I54 RGIETEE ZONE I THMET CONTROL I I6 OPERAND FUNNEL I 2 I ADDER SUBTRACTOR SCAN CONTROL I 2 4 Enler Number v/a Keyboard info Memory Reg/s en- Enfer Number y/a Keyboard info Cleared Memorgfiglsler.

IN V EN TOR.

EVELYN BEREZIN BY F/G.

A T TOPNE If June 1, 1965 E. BEREZIN 3,187,167 ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WIT H DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Onginal Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 1O REGISTER? ZONE ARI THMETIC T THMETI E gier cO gROL ACCUMULA OPERAND FUNNEL l2! SCAN ADDER- CONTROL 1 SUBTRACTOR 4 Lef'f-Sh/F/ 2 Enrer Number w'a Paper Tape Univ info Memory Peg/bier. Enfer Number w'a Paper Tape Un/f BY info Cleared Memorgfig/sfert Ql%m A TTOP/VEV 1N VEN TOR. EVEL V/V BEREZ/N June 1, 1965 BEREZIN 3,187,167

E. ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 SheetsSheet 12 E 5g 0 mm BELT KEYBOAR MOTOR 142- M cohggoL a s "\MH \MG L y W FORWARD umoA/o/r/omL sx/P 8N REVERSE wvcozvwnomz. SKIP H CYCLE mnwmo CONDITIONAL s/r/P iMCggR j 950 GENEIETORS REVERSE CONDITIONAL SKIP l -i u F/G [4 BELT ZONE I37 INPUT-OUTPUT ZONE n 3 232 n LEFFSHIFT Lew-Sm"; Regllsfer I38 @1 REGISTER A IN-OUT A -fl ARITHMETIC i 7 CR3 CONTROL W ZONE 5 us 6r-TTF% EEIf W35 c i) Q com/afar ,2 3.

ieg/sfer) B 1 A0; 5 $8 7 w/lf cal CCUMULATOR OPERAND m fi 9 REG'STER FUNNEL 6 lN-OUT |2| CONTROL u fl [515g] lg? Jig, M0 441/! t l SCAN s0 MAGNETIC U ADDER ROL DISK A SUBTRACTOR .7 7 E BN/ I65 W30) I22 V (5E0 W3] e TIMER 9 I60 44/4} INVENTOR.

EVELYN BEREZ/N BY @pQZ/uu.

ATTORNEY June 1, 1965 E zm 3,187,167

ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 13 nag 5* MH BELT 3 KEYBOARD E"O% T%%L ry I33 H {M6 r- -w CYCLE |MOTOR| SEO GENERATORS I I29 l3l l ....i

BELT 3 Proof Figure Cheek INPUQBONUETPUT F 6 5 ZONE J2 c ARITHMETIC 4H ZONE 5 '-i CONTROL BELT AM M1 CUMULATOR 5 c REGISTER 4B G iQE ARITHMETIC lN-OUT CONTROL Z 'fiE AK W/O Accumu/afor 1 13! c l-Q- J EB MAGNETIC SCAN ADDER- "(-T CONTROL DISK SUBTRACTOR INVENTOR. Tllhggn 2 EVELYN BEREZ/IV Eva/0M A 7' TORNEK June 1, 1965 E. BEREZIN 3,187,167

ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 14 KEYBOARD I42 JC NUMBER PAPER-TAPE INPUT- E 4! OUTPUT LEFT-SHIFT REGISTER lN-OUT I CONITI'SROL ADD-ONE REGISTER lN-OUT CONITI'ZROL OPERAND FUNNEL CONTROL ADDE R- SUBTRACTOR SCAN CONTROL MAGNETIC DISK I65 MEMORY IN VEN TOR. E VE L )N BEREZ/N MEMORY REGISTER SELECT/0N VIA KEYBOARD BY MEMORY REGISTER SELECT/ON VIA PAPER TAPE ATTORNEY June 1, 1965 E BEREZIN 3,187,167

ELECTRONIC CALCULATdR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 15 Leff-Sh/ff 19M! LEFT-SHIFT nssusma lN-OUT cow T aoL l ADD-ONE REGISTER IN-OUT COIEROL l ARITHMETIC REGISTER EPERGED CQNTRQL IN-OUT UNN "6 CONTROL I2| MAGNETIC 2 DISK MEMORY lN-OUT CObmROL IN VEN TOR. EVEI. Y/V BEREZ/N MEMORY REGISTER SELECT/0N m ACCUMULATOR F /7 BY A TTORNE V June 1, 1965 Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 E. BEREZIN ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER 49 Sheets-Sheet 16 CYCLE GENERATQRs '31 MoToR E:' :i A 0 f R i V dd ne 0 Memory 09/8 er. l F/G. l8 INPUT-OUTPUT ZONE w 1 I40 2 A5, $8 QEa-S T%R "2: 13s 1 n2 19's ARITHMETIC 4 1 W20 ZONE 0 I39 CONTROL BELT r50 lU-M OPERAND FUNNEL R 45. -AM Rpin- "-05 R05 -w2o sa EB SCAN MAGNETIC y ADDER- CONTROL 0 DISK SUBTRACTOR 124 I65 I22 Rm -Rp -AN i 1! 1 a? T'MER & C0N9R0L I60 s5 Ill 45 EB -ll-J/l mmvroa.

E VEL IN BEREZ/N syaipzgzm ATTORNEY June 1, 1965 E. BEREZIN 3,187,167

ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 17 BELT CYCLE MOTOR csnmmns CONTROL EXPRESS I33 CONTROL BELT MOVEMENT FIG/9 REGISTER ZONE ARITHMETIC 20 NE CONTROL BELT s50 CONTROL I INVENTOR. EVEL m EEREZ/N svapggm A TTORNEK June 1.965 a BEREZIN ELECTRONIC CALCULATCSR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 IIWPODUCTION T0 AUX/UAR) PRINTER MOVEMENTS AUXILIARY PRINTER 7Z8.

AUXILIARY PRINTER CARR/AGE RETURN AUXl/ARY PRINTER FORWARD LINE FEED AUXILIARY PRINTER REVERSE LINE FEED FIG. 20

49 Sheets-Sheet 18 AUXILIARY PRINTER 1N VEN TOR. E VEL YN BEREZ/N Ora/9%.

A T TORNEY June 1, 1965 Original Filed EREZIN 3,187,] 67

E. B ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 19 P02, F FUA FYI I A E 6.9 J

CARRIAGE H6 TAB CONTROL cOuNTER I52 I5I $0 1 w? -a KE -/-'0 ca ,LI +7? CYCLE W MAIN 21;; OENERATO I L PRINTER M U -44 l3| 02, L I54 M CL CA 05 02-1 V'LV 1 (5 ,KIIOTOR 5f: FORMAT L l 7; CONTROL E55 A /3E ZONE L 1 INPUT-OUTPUT 2ONE I 40 H Lv, AUXILIARY PRINTER 4 REGISTER I55 ZONE Is a MMNBM, NAA

ARITI-IMETIc ZONE lnfroducllbn Io Main Pr/IHGr Movemenfs, Main Pr/mer Tab, CONTROL BELT Main Pr/mer Lina Feeaj '3 0 Main Pr/nfer Reverse Tab and Line Feeaf,

Main Prinfer C arr/'aqe Refurn and Line Feed, Malln Pr/nfer Carriage Rafa/n Line Feed and Boil Or 5n.

FIG, 2/

IN VEN TOR. E VEL YN BEREZl/V aww A TTORNEY J1me 1965 E. BEREZIN 3,187,167

ELECTRONIC CALCULATOR WITH DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER Original Filed Feb. 24, 1956 49 Sheets-Sheet 20 NUMBER THYRAT RONS I 4 l NPUT-OUTPUT ZONE REGISTER ZONE AR ITHMETIC ZONE AD DER- SUBTRACTOR l2 2 Add-One w/ Egg/s far A ccumu/afor iegisfer DISK I65 IN VEN TOR. E VE L VN 85 R52 IN BY Main Pn'nfer Pnnf Operahons. p Ami/[org Pr/mer Prim Operah'ons. F

Claims (1)

1. A DYNAMIC RECIRCULATING STORAGE REGISTER FOR SERIALLY RECEIVING DURING AN INITIAL ENTRY PASS, THE MULTI-BIT DIGITS OF A MULTI-DIGIT OPERAND NUMBER OF DIGIT RADIX GREATER THAN TWO, AND FOR RECIRCULATING THE SAME IN SUBSEQUENT NORMAL, NON-SHIFTING RECIRCULATION PASSES AND IN SHIFTING RECIRCULATION PASSES, SAID REGISTER HAVING AT LEAST ONE SHIFT COUNT DIGIT POSITION INTERMEDIATE THE POSITIONS OF THE EXTREMELY SIGNIFICANT DIGITS OF SAID OPERAND NUMBER, NAMELY, ITS LEAST AND MOST SIGNIFICANT DIGITS, AND COMPRISING: (A) PRINCIPAL DYNAMIC STORAGE MEANS, (B) READ-IN AND READ-OUT MEANS FOR RESPECTIVELY READING IN AND OUT OF THE STORAGE MEANS SERIALLY THE OPERAND NUMBER AND SHIFT COUNT DIGITS, (C) AN INITIAL ENTRY PATH INCLUDING A TRANSITORY STORAGE REGISTER HAVING A MINIMUM CAPACITY OF ESSENTIALLY ONE DIGIT, A UNIT VALUE CHANGER, AND SAID READ-IN-MEANS, (D) A NORMAL RECIRCULATION PATH INCLUDING SAID READ-OUT MEANS SAID TRANSISTORY STORAGE REGISTER, SAID UNIT VALUE CHANGER, AND SAID READ-IN MEANS, (E) A SHIFTING PATH HAVING A TRANSISTORY TIME THAT DIFFERS FROM THAT OF THE NORMAL RECIRCULATION PATH BY ONE DIGIT TIME, AND INCLUDING SAID READ-OUT MEANS, NORMALLY BLOCKED SHIFT GATING MEANS, AND SAID READ-IN MEANS, (F) MEANS FOR ENABLING SAID UNIT VALUE CHANGER TO ALTER BY ONE THE VALUE OF THE OPERAND NUMBER DIGIT IN ONE OF THE EXTREMELY SIGNIFICANT DIGIT POSITIONS DURING RECIRCULATION PASSES, (G) DECODING MEANS FOR EXAMINING THE CONTENTS OF SAID TRANSITORY STORAGE REGISTER, (H) A "SHIFT IN THE NEXT PASS" SIGNAL GENERATING MEANS RESPONSIVE TO SAID DECORDING MEANS SENSING A PREDETERMINED VALUE FOR THE DIGIT WHICH DURING THE CURRENT PASS REACHES SAID READ-IN MEANS IN THE POSITION OF SAID ONE EXTREMELY SIGNIFICANT POSITION, NAMELY DURING THE INITIAL ENTRY PASS AND DURING A SHIFTING PASS A FIRST PREDETERMINED VALUE, AND A SECOND VALUE DIFFERING FROM THE LATTER BY ONE DURING A NORMAL RECIRCULATION PASS, (1) MEANS RESPONSIVE TO SAID "SHIFT IN THE NEXT PASS" COMMAND SIGNAL TO GENERATE A "SHIFT IN THIS PASS" COMMAND SIGNAL, (J) MEANS ACTIVATED BY THE LATTER COMMAND SIGNAL FOR ENABLING SAID UNIT VALUE CHANGER TO ALTER BY A UNIT THE SHIFT COUNT NUMBER INCOMING IN ITS ORIGINAL POSITION FROM SAID TRANSITORY STORAGE REGISTER TO MAINTAIN THE SHIFT COUNT NUMBER IN ITS ORIGINAL POSITION, FOR EFFECTIVELY BLOCKING THE NORMAL RECIRCULATION PATH ONWARD OF SAID TRANSITORY STORAGE REGISTER FOR THE OPERAND NUMBER DIGIT POSITIONS, AND FOR UNBLOCKING SAID SHIFT GATING MEANS TO OPEN AND SHIFT PATH TO EFFECT POSITIONAL SHIFT OF THE OPERAND NUMBER DIGITS, (K) AND CIRCUIT MEANS RESPONSIVE TO COINCIDENCE OF SAID DECODING MEANS REFLECTING A PREDETERMINED SHIFT COUNT VALUE AND OF A "SHIFT IN THE NEXT PASS" COMMAND SIGNAL FOR GENERATING A TERMINATING SIGNAL EFFECTIVE TO DISABLE IN ANY SUBSEQUENT PASS, GENERATION OF THE LATTER COMMAND SIGNAL.
US9203661 1956-02-24 1961-02-27 Electronic calculator with dynamic recirculating storage register Expired - Lifetime US3187167A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US567567A US2973141A (en) 1956-02-24 1956-02-24 Control means with record sensing for an electronic calculator
US9203661 US3187167A (en) 1956-02-24 1961-02-27 Electronic calculator with dynamic recirculating storage register

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US9203661 US3187167A (en) 1956-02-24 1961-02-27 Electronic calculator with dynamic recirculating storage register

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3187167A true US3187167A (en) 1965-06-01

Family

ID=26784759

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US9203661 Expired - Lifetime US3187167A (en) 1956-02-24 1961-02-27 Electronic calculator with dynamic recirculating storage register

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3187167A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3428793A (en) * 1964-07-27 1969-02-18 Wyle Laboratories Calculating apparatus with display means

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2011310A (en) * 1930-11-13 1935-08-13 Underwood Elliott Fisher Co Bichrome ribbon mechanism for computing machines
US2189851A (en) * 1940-02-13 Accounting machine
US2737342A (en) * 1948-08-04 1956-03-06 Teleregister Corp Rotary magnetic data storage system
US2749037A (en) * 1950-04-21 1956-06-05 George R Stibitz Electronic computer for multiplication
US2770797A (en) * 1951-12-31 1956-11-13 Ibm Data storage apparatus
US2954166A (en) * 1952-12-10 1960-09-27 Ncr Co General purpose computer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2189851A (en) * 1940-02-13 Accounting machine
US2011310A (en) * 1930-11-13 1935-08-13 Underwood Elliott Fisher Co Bichrome ribbon mechanism for computing machines
US2737342A (en) * 1948-08-04 1956-03-06 Teleregister Corp Rotary magnetic data storage system
US2749037A (en) * 1950-04-21 1956-06-05 George R Stibitz Electronic computer for multiplication
US2770797A (en) * 1951-12-31 1956-11-13 Ibm Data storage apparatus
US2954166A (en) * 1952-12-10 1960-09-27 Ncr Co General purpose computer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3428793A (en) * 1964-07-27 1969-02-18 Wyle Laboratories Calculating apparatus with display means

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Lavington Early British computers: the story of vintage computers and the people who built them
Wilkes The best way to design an automatic calculating machine
CA1201208A (en) Geometric-arithmetic parallel processor
US3453601A (en) Two speed arithmetic calculator
US3079522A (en) Automatic machine tool control
US3999307A (en) Teaching machine
US2692551A (en) High-speed rotary printer
US2918865A (en) Chain printer timer
US2268498A (en) Statistical machine
US3844139A (en) Installation for the control of knitting machines
US3226685A (en) Digital recording systems utilizing ternary, n bit binary and other self-clocking forms
JPS55135908A (en) Sequence program input device
US2428990A (en) Electronic computer
JPS5676683A (en) Processing method for picture deformation
US3710348A (en) Connect modules
GB727926A (en) Improvements in or relating to data storage apparatus
ES420350A1 (en) Data processing system having an instruction pipeline for concurrently processing a plurality of instructions
US4718029A (en) Display device for a programmable electronic calculator
NL183665C (en) Method for operating a combined gasturbine steam turbine plant with an integrated partial fuel processing process.
GB1026890A (en) Computer organization
GB1533106A (en) Electronic timepiece
GB1171627A (en) Improvements in or relating to Character Recognition Machines
US3077579A (en) Operation checking system for data storage and processing machines
ES458261A1 (en) Reactor power reduction system and method
GB934558A (en) Automatic character-recognition circuit