US3186289A - Drum - Google Patents

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US3186289A
US3186289A US114755A US11475561A US3186289A US 3186289 A US3186289 A US 3186289A US 114755 A US114755 A US 114755A US 11475561 A US11475561 A US 11475561A US 3186289 A US3186289 A US 3186289A
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head
ring
drum
tensioning
rim
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US114755A
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Jr Ralph C Kester
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Jr Ralph C Kester
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D13/00Percussion musical instruments; Details or accessories therefor
    • G10D13/01General design of percussion musical instruments
    • G10D13/02Drums; Tambourines with drumheads

Description

June 1, 1965 R. c. KESTER, JR 3,186,289

DRUM

Filed June 5, 1961 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR.

F l 3 RALPH C. KESTER. JR.

ATTORNEY June 1, 1965 R, c. KESTEEI J; 3,186,289

DRUM

5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 5, 1961 F l6. l0 RALPH c. KESTER. JR.

ATTORN EY June 1, 1965 R. c. KESTER, JR

DRUM

3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed June 5, 1 961 uvmvrom RALPH c. KESTERQJR. BY

ATTORNEY Fatentecl .l'une 1, it?

iisnss s t-411 The present invention relates to drums and more particularly to Single head drums without a shell, referred to' herein as shell-less drums.

Drums are inherently relatively large hard to handie and carry and often interfere with the drummers ability to maneuver effectively in executing various marching formations and in performing with pecision certain movements of the drum and drum attachments. As a result of these cihlculties, drum sections of a band are required to undergo extensive drilling and practice or are limited to only the relatively sin? to formations. in addition, with the conventional dual head drums it is often diillcult to tune the two heads to obtain proper resonance between the two heads, particularly by inexperienced drummers, thus frequently resulting in poor sound tone quality in tl" individual drums and poor harmony between the drui s in the drum section. it is therefore one of the principal obiects of the invention to provide a construction and design for drums which permit complete freedom of maneuverability of the drummer and manipulation of the drum through various movements by the drummer during marching and during the execution of complicated and intricate formations, and to provide a drum which is relatively light in weight, attractive in appearance and easy to adjust for optimum tone quality.

Another object of the invention is to provide a single head drum without a shell in wh ch the fixtures for tensioning the head are confined wi till the rim in places of easy access, and the sound control devices and modifie s are positioned beneath the head where they will not interfere with the movements of the drum or the drummer, and will not detract from the appearance of the drum.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a shell-less drurn vh'ch can be carried away from the drummers body and above the normal movement of the drummer-s legs and yet which can be held in the same position for playing as the conventional marching bass, snare or tenor drums.

A further object or": the invention is to provide a drum of relatively simple constrr 'on which is quicker and more responsive to the strilong of the drum sticks and other drum playing instruments and which has a more pure sound tone than the conventional drum.

Another object of the invention is to provide a family of drums, each of which is much lighter in weight and easier to handle and carry than the respective or comparable conventional drum, and which is more compact, sturdy and durable and requires substantially less adjusting and service to maintain it in proper playing condition.

Another oject of the invention is to provide a drum on which the adjusting fixtures, sound control device and special or extra sound attachments can be easily mounted on the drum structure within convenient reach of the drummer and without interfering with the normal playing of the drum, and on which various types of sound control devices and special and extra sound attachments can be selectively mounted and used as the arrangement requires.

Another object is to provide a novel head tensioning construction and snare device which can easily and efl'ectively be adjusted to obtain the optimum tone quality and performance.

Additional objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings, wherein:

FZGURE l is a perspective view of a marching bass drum mounted on a spinner or twirling rig device carried by the drummer, embodying the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of a marching snare drum embodying the present invention;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged top plan View of the snare drum shown in FZGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a bottom plan view of the snare drum shown in FIGURES 2 and 3;

FiGUlRE 5 is a side elcvational view of the snare drum shown in the preceding figures;

Fl GUI-1E 6 is an enlarged fragmentary cross sectional view of the drum shown in FlGURE 3, taken on line 66 of the latter figure;

FlLGURE 7 is enlarged View of the snare strainer or carrying device used on the snare drum shown in the preceding figures;

FIGURE 8 is a side elevational View of the snare carrying device shown in Fl" URE 7;

FIGURE 9 is a plan view or" the snare carrying device of FEGURES 7 and 8 from the side opposite that shown in FIGH 7; and

FIGURE it) is an enlarged fragmentary partial cross sectional view of the drum, taken on line l@1tl of FIG- URE 4 showing a portion of the latching mechanism used in conjunction with the snare carrying device.

Referring more specifically to the drawings and to FlGURT-ES l and 2 in particular, numeral 12 designates a marching bass drum embodying my invention supported by the drummer with a spinner or twirling rig l4, and numeral 16 designates a marching snare drum supported by the drummer with shoulder straps l3 and leg rest 2%. The basic construction of the two drums l2 and lid is the same, the primary difference being the size of the drum and certain basic parts thereof. The present in vention is applicable to a number of different types of drums, including the marching bass drum of the type shown in lFliGUl-EE l, the marching snare drum of the type shown in FIGURE 12, marching tenor drum, dance bass drum, dance tom toms, and a number of other types, various minor changes being required in adapting the present invention to the various types of drums. the present drums may be in many instances used with conventional drum holders, a more satisfactory support for the drums will uusally be obtained by special holders or fixtures designed specifically for the present drum. Since the basic construction is the same for the various drums enumerated above, only the marching snare drum will be described in detail herein, since certain special advantages result from the use of the applicants novel structure therein.

The present drum of any one of the aforementioned types consists of a rim 3b and a head assembly 32 sup ported Within the confines of rim Ell by a rim reinforcing ring or rib and a plurality of tensioning fixtures 36 equally spaced around the inside of rim fill. The rim is a round structure of metal sufiicient in thickness to form a rigid structure ranging in diameter from approximately four to forty inches or larger, depending upon the type of drum such as, for example, the dance torn toms usually forming the smaller drum and the dance, concert, or marching bass drums forming the larger drums. Both the internal and external surfaces of the rim are preferably chrome plated or coated with any other suitable type of tarnish resistant attractive material. The upper edge of rim Ell of the snare drum preferably contains an inwardly extending flange 38, attached integrally to the edge of the rim and forming a suitable surface for the drum sticks to strike when the drummer taps the rim.

ihe drum head assembly 32 consists of a head 48 of While any one of a number of well known extensively used drum head materials joined integrally and firmly at its peripheral edge to a ring 42, the external diameter of which is only slightly less than the internal diameter of rim 3d. The head assembly consisting of head it and ring 42 is assembled within rim 3% beneath reinforcing ring 34 with the upper surface of ring 42 engaging the lower surface of ring 34. With the head assembly mounted in this man ner, a head tensioning ring of slightly less external diameter than the internal diameter of ring 34 is placed beneath head 4t and forced upwardly against the underside of the head by fixtures 36. As ring 44 is pressed upwardly and ring 42 is held in fixed position against the lower surface of ring 34, the drummer adjusts the tension on head 4%? by tightening threaded tensioning rod of each fixture 36, the upper end of the rods engaging and pressing against the lower surface of head tensioning ring 44. Fixtures 36 each contain a lug b having a vertical hole therethrough for receiving rod and having a threaded stem 52 extending outwardly through suitably located holes in rim 3%. A nut 54 is tightened onto stem 52 to rigidly hold the respective fixture 36 on the internal surface of rim 3t Rods are provided with a head 56 for receiving a removable key (not shown) used in adjusting the tension on the head.

One of the special advantages of the present invention is the fact that the fixtures for adjusting the tension on the head and the snare and sound controls can be placed eneath the head usually within the confines of rim 3d. The snare carrying device 69 is shown in detail in FIG- URES 7, 8 and 9, and consists of a plurality of spring-like snares 62 supported by and joined firmly to plates 64 and 66, which in turn are adjustably supported on a rigid bar by levers ill and 72, respectively. Lever 7b is connected at one end to plate 64 by a bolt or rivet 74, and at the other end to bar 63 by a relatively large bolt or rivet 76 forming the pivot means for the lever. Lever '72 is connected at one end to plate 66 by a bolt or rivet 78, and at the other end to a stem 86 by a screw 82 extending through a hole in lever 72 and in stem 86 and forming a pivot means for lever 72. While the snare carrying device is shown mounted at the center of the drum, it may be offset to either side, and various types of snares, other than the type shown, may be used satisfactorily in the present device.

Levers 7t and 72 are flexible to permit the snares to be moved inwardly and adjusted within limits toward and away from the undersurface of head 40 by two pressure adjustment screws 84 and 86, extending through threaded holes in bar 68, and en aging the inner edge of the respective plate 64- or 66 near the center thereof. Screws 84 and $56 can be adjusted either in or out to provide the optimum snare pressure on the head. Each adjustment screw is provided with a spring 88 for maintaining the proper adjusted position, and a head 90 for receiving a -:ey used in making the adjustment. In order to increase and decrease the tension on the snare, an adjustment device is provided consisting of member 8% and srrew 82 and adjustment screw 94. Screw 82 is disposed in an elongated slot 96, and screw M extends through member 86 and abuts against a fixed lug 98 rigidly secured to bar 68 by a screw extending upwardly through the bar into lug 98. It is seen that by rotating screw 94, member St is moved longitudinally from right to left as seen in FIG- URE 8 to increase or decrease the tension as required on the snares.

The entire snare carrying device is mounted on head tensioning ring 44, one end thereof being secured to the ring by a hinged portion 192, and screws 104 and 1% extending through the butt of the hinge into the underside of ring 44. The hinge is provided to permit the snares to be removed from their position against the underside of head 40. The other end of the carrying device is supported on head tensioning ring 44 by a fixture consisting of a screw lit) threadedly received in a hole 112 in ring The end of bar 63 is tapered and contains a laterally extending open end slot lid for slipping laterally onto screw lltl, the bar being'held firmly in place on the screw by spring lid reacting between a Washer 118 adjacent head li and a washer-like member 12%, seated on the end of bar 6?. The snare carrying device can readily be removed from its effective position by merely pivoting bar 68, using handle 122, from the position shown in FIG- URE 4 to the position within the confines of supporting member 12.4. The bar is connected loosely to hinge 162 to permit it to pivot between the two positions mentioned. When the snare carrying device has been moved to the position within member 12 the adjacent end thereof rests on finger 126 of member 124, and is thereby held in spaced relation from the underside of the head, but suiliciently close thereto that the device can again readily be placed in operating position by merely shifting it to its el'lective position on screw li -l.

While various types of drum holding means may be used, the snare drum shown in the drawings is provided with a leg rest attachment 1% consisting of a stem 13?. connected at one end to rim 30 by bolts 1% and 136, and supporting at the other end a leg engaging fixture 1.38, the latter being pivotally adjusted on bolt and supported on stem 132 by a screw 142 and wing nut 144. Lug 146 is provided in stem 132 to support the rod of a drum holder such as that disclosed in my copending application Serial No. 821,758, now Patent No. 3,021,744. The bass drum of FlGURE 1 is supported by the drummer by a spinner rig having rigid shoulder bars 158 and 152, and plate 154, the rig carrying a pivoting member 156 connected to drum 12. This spinner or twirling rig permits the drum to be spun while the drummer is marching and playing the drum. When the present drums are used in a dance band, suitable legs and fixtures, preferably in the form of a saw horse, are attached to rim 3% on opposite sides thereof to form a firm support for the drum. A pedal can be attached to the rim in the same manner as it is attached to the conventional dance bass drum.

While only one embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail herein, various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.

I claim:

1. A shell-less drum comprising an annular rim of rigid construction, an annular rib on the internal surface of said rim secured rigidly thereto and spaced inwardly from the two edges thereof, a disc-shaped head, a rigid ring secured to the periphery of said head and seating on one side of said rib, a tensioning ring of smaller diameter than said first mentioned ring contacting the side of said head opposite said rib, a plurality of head tensioning fixtures attached to the inside of said rim, each having an adjustment screw for engaging said tensioning ring for urging the head peripheral ring and tensioning ring apart and thereby increasing the tension on the head, a snare device mounted on said drum including a bar pivotally mounted at one end on said tensioning ring and releasably mounted at the other end of said tensioning ring and extending thereacross, a plurality of snares extending parallel with said bar and supported thereon adjacent the head by a fixture at each end movable toward and away from the head, an adjustment means carried by said bar and contacting said last mentioned fixtures for moving said snares toward and away from said head, and a latch means for releasably retaining said snare device in operating position against said head.

2. A shell-less drum comprising an annular rim of rigid construction, an annular shoulder secured rigidly thereto and spaced inwardly from the two edges thereof, a head, a ring secured to the periphery of said head and seating on said shoulder, a tensioning ring of smaller diameter than said first mentioned ring contacting the side of said head opposite said shoulder, a plurality of head tensioning fixtures attached to the inside of said rim, each having an adjustment screw for engaging said tensioning ring for urging the head peripheral ring and tensioning ring apart and thereby increasing the tension on the head, a snare device mounted on said drum including a bar mounted at opposite ends on said tensioning ring and extending thereacross, a snare extending parallel with said bar and supported thereon, and an adjustment means for moving said snare toward and away from said head.

3. A shell-less drum comprising an annular rim, an annular rib on the internal surface of said rim secured rigidly thereto and spaced inwardly from the two edges thereof, a disc-shaped head, a ring secured to the periphery of said head and seating on one side of said rib, a tensioning ring of smaller diameter than said first mentioned ring contacting the side of said head opposite said rib, a plurality of head tensioning fixtures attached to the inside of said rim, each having an adjustment screw for engaging said tensioning ring for urging the head peripheral ring and tensioning ring apart and thereby increasing the tension on the head, and a snare device mounted on said drum on the same side of the head as said tensioning ring and attached at opposite ends on said tensioning ring.

4. A shell-less drum comprising an annular rim, an annular rib on the internal surface of said rim, secured rigidly thereto, a disc-shaped head, a ring secured to the periphery of said head and seating on said rib, a tensioning ring of smaller diameter than said first mentioned ring contacting the side of said head opposite said rib, and a plurality of head tensioning fixtures attached to the inside of said rim, each having an adjustment screw for engaging said tensioning ring for urging the head peripheral ring and tensioning ring apart and thereby increasing the tension on the head.

5. A shell-less drum comprising an annular rim, an

annular shoulder on the internal side thereof and secured 3 rigidly thereto, a head, a ring secured to the periphery of said head and seating on said shoulder, a tensioning 6 ring of smaller diameter than said first mentioned ring contacting the side of said head opposite said shoulder, and a plurality of head tensioning fixtures attached to the inside of said rim engaging said tensioning ring for urging the head peripheral ring and tensioning ring apart and thereby increasing the tension on the head.

6. Ashell-less drum comprising a rim, a rib on the internal surface of said rim secured rigidly thereto, a head, a ring secured to the periphery of said head and seating on one side of said rib, a tensioning ring contacting the side of said head opposite said rib, and a plurality of head tensioning fixtures engaging said tensioning ring for urging the head peripheral ring and tensioning ring apart and thereby increasing the tension on the head.

7. A drum comprising a rim, a rib on the internal surface of said rim secured rigidly thereto, ahead, a ring secured to the periphery of said head and seating on one side of said rib, a tensioning ring contacting the side of said head opposite said rib, and means for moving said rib and ring relative to one another.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 54,264 4/66 Tilton 84-269 347,512 8/86 Post 84-418 570,693 11/96 Bemis 84-417 7 833,517 10/06 Farmer.

2,166,733 7/39 Singerland 84-415 2,295,479 9/42 Jeffries 84-415 2,485,985 10/49 Perry 84-411 2,550,249 4/51 Hull 84-411 2,604,001 7/52 Lewan 84-417 'LEYLAND M. MARTIN, Primary Examiner.

LEO SMILOW, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A SHELL-LESS DRUM COMPRISING AN ANNULAR RIM OF RIGID CONSTRUCTION, AN ANNULAR RIB ON THE INTERNAL SURFACE OF SAID RIM SECURED RIGIDLY THERETO AND SPACED INWARDLY FROM THE TWO EDGES THEREOF, A DISC-SHAPED HEAD, A RIGID RING SECURED TO THE PERIPHERY OF SAID HEAD AND SEATING ON ONE SIDE OF SAID RIB, A TENSIONING RING OF SMALLER DIAMETER THAN SAID FIRST MENTIONED RING CONTACTING THE SIDE OF SAID HEAD OPPOSITE SAID RIB, A PLURALITY OF HEAD TENSIONING FIXTURES ATTACHED TO THE INSIDE OF SAID RIM, EACH HAVING AN ADJUSTMENT SCREW FOR ENGAGINGH SAID TENSIONING RING FOR URGING THE HEAD PERIPHERAL RING AND TENSIONING RING APART AND THEREBY INCREASING THE TENSION ON THE HEAD, A SNARE DEVICE MOUNTED ON SAID DRUM INCLUDING A BAR PIVOTALLY MOUNTED AT ONE END ON SAID TENSIONING RING AND RELEASABLY MOUNTED AT THE OTHER END OF SAID TENSIONING RING AND EXTENDING THEREACROSS, A PLURALITY OF SNARES EXTENDING PARALLEL WITH SAID BAR AND SUPPORTED THEREON ADJACENT THE HEAD BY A FIXTURE AT EACH END MOVABLE TOWARD AND AWAY FROM THE HAD, AN ADJUSTMENT MEANS CARRIED BY SAID BAR AND CONTACTIN SAID LAST MENTIONED FIXTURES FOR MOVING SAID SNARES TOWARD AND AWAY FROM SAID HEAD, AND A LATCH MEANS FOR RELEASABLY RETAINING SAID SNARE DEVICE IN OPERATING POSITION AGAINST SAID HEAD.
US114755A 1961-06-05 1961-06-05 Drum Expired - Lifetime US3186289A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4122749A (en) * 1977-03-02 1978-10-31 Slingerland Drum Co. Marching timpani
US4203343A (en) * 1978-11-03 1980-05-20 Harry Bargeman Snare drum control mechanism
US4520709A (en) * 1979-03-19 1985-06-04 Kester Jr Ralph C Rimless drum structure with tuning device
EP0275187A2 (en) * 1987-01-12 1988-07-20 Gary L. Gauger Tuning device for rimless drums
US5204484A (en) * 1990-07-03 1993-04-20 Weril Instrumentos Musicais Ltda. Share arrangement in a percussion instrument attached to drum head
US20110030531A1 (en) * 2009-07-15 2011-02-10 Sakae Rhythm Musical Instrument Ltd. Drum holding structure and drum held by the holding structure
US9626945B2 (en) * 2015-04-14 2017-04-18 Eric Brian Lowery Modified drum head incorporating a snare system for better articulation of the voicing of the snare drum

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US54264A (en) * 1866-04-24 Improvement in banjos
US347512A (en) * 1886-08-17 Tamboukine
US570693A (en) * 1896-11-03 bemis
US833517A (en) * 1906-03-31 1906-10-16 William B Farmer Banjo.
US2166733A (en) * 1937-05-22 1939-07-18 Henry H Slingerland Snare drum
US2295479A (en) * 1940-07-22 1942-09-08 Conn Ltd C G Drum snares
US2485985A (en) * 1945-07-31 1949-10-25 Bernard A Perry Drum structure
US2550249A (en) * 1948-11-02 1951-04-24 Delbert E Hull Drum tuning device
US2604001A (en) * 1949-01-21 1952-07-22 Conn Ltd C G Snare for drums

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US54264A (en) * 1866-04-24 Improvement in banjos
US347512A (en) * 1886-08-17 Tamboukine
US570693A (en) * 1896-11-03 bemis
US833517A (en) * 1906-03-31 1906-10-16 William B Farmer Banjo.
US2166733A (en) * 1937-05-22 1939-07-18 Henry H Slingerland Snare drum
US2295479A (en) * 1940-07-22 1942-09-08 Conn Ltd C G Drum snares
US2485985A (en) * 1945-07-31 1949-10-25 Bernard A Perry Drum structure
US2550249A (en) * 1948-11-02 1951-04-24 Delbert E Hull Drum tuning device
US2604001A (en) * 1949-01-21 1952-07-22 Conn Ltd C G Snare for drums

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4122749A (en) * 1977-03-02 1978-10-31 Slingerland Drum Co. Marching timpani
US4203343A (en) * 1978-11-03 1980-05-20 Harry Bargeman Snare drum control mechanism
US4520709A (en) * 1979-03-19 1985-06-04 Kester Jr Ralph C Rimless drum structure with tuning device
EP0275187A2 (en) * 1987-01-12 1988-07-20 Gary L. Gauger Tuning device for rimless drums
US4870883A (en) * 1987-01-12 1989-10-03 Gauger Gary L Tuning device for rimless drums
EP0275187A3 (en) * 1987-01-12 1989-10-18 Gary L. Gauger Tuning device for rimless drums
AU618945B2 (en) * 1987-01-12 1992-01-16 Gary L. Gauger Tuning device for rimless drums
US5204484A (en) * 1990-07-03 1993-04-20 Weril Instrumentos Musicais Ltda. Share arrangement in a percussion instrument attached to drum head
US20110030531A1 (en) * 2009-07-15 2011-02-10 Sakae Rhythm Musical Instrument Ltd. Drum holding structure and drum held by the holding structure
US8431808B2 (en) * 2009-07-15 2013-04-30 Sakae Rhythm Musical Instrument Ltd. Drum holding structure and drum held by the holding structure
US9626945B2 (en) * 2015-04-14 2017-04-18 Eric Brian Lowery Modified drum head incorporating a snare system for better articulation of the voicing of the snare drum

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