US3147745A - Fulcrum adjuster - Google Patents

Fulcrum adjuster Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3147745A
US3147745A US22576162A US3147745A US 3147745 A US3147745 A US 3147745A US 22576162 A US22576162 A US 22576162A US 3147745 A US3147745 A US 3147745A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
barrel
sleeve
oil
bushing
valve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Charles R Kilgore
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Northrop Grumman Space and Mission Systems Corp
Original Assignee
Northrop Grumman Space and Mission Systems Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01LCYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01L1/00Valve-gear or valve arrangements, e.g. lift-valve gear
    • F01L1/20Adjusting or compensating clearance
    • F01L1/22Adjusting or compensating clearance automatically, e.g. mechanically
    • F01L1/24Adjusting or compensating clearance automatically, e.g. mechanically by fluid means, e.g. hydraulically
    • F01L1/2405Adjusting or compensating clearance automatically, e.g. mechanically by fluid means, e.g. hydraulically by means of a hydraulic adjusting device located between the cylinder head and rocker arm

Description

Sept. 8, 1964 c. R. KILGORE FULCRUM ADJUSTER Filed Sept. 24. 1962 INVENTOR. Char/es 9. fi/yare A TTORNE YS Mal United States Patent O 3,147,745 FULCRUM ADBUSTER Charles R. Kilgore, Wiilowick, Ohio, assignor to Thompson Rarno Wooldridge Inc, Cleveland, Ohio, at corporation of Ohio Filed Sept. 24, 1962, Ser. No. 225,761 6 Claims. (Cl. 123-90) The present invention relates to an improved fulcrum adjuster or lash adjuster for engine valve linkages. Specifically, the invention relates to an improved oil opera-ted mechanism which prevents excessive and objectionable lash in the operation of engine valves. In some respects, the present invention is an improvement in the type of fulcrum adjuster described in my previous United States Patent No. 2,873,730, which issued on February 17, 1959. In the fulcrum adjuster of the previous patent, the adjuster is mounted on an engine to pivotally support the rocker arm of a valve-in-head engine valve linkage and operates under the pressure of engine oil to hold the rocker arm in lash preventing engagement with the push rod and the valve stem to take up the looseness or slack which may occur in the linkage.

The fulcrum adjuster of the present invention, like that of the previous patent, utilizes a unitary lightweight lash preventing device which operates to pivotally support a stamped, pressed, brazed or otherwise fabricated metal rocker arm. The rocker arm may be operated by an overhead camshaft, or by a pushrod, depending on the type of engine. The rocker arm may have a fragmental spherical depressed portion serving as a bearing surface to receive a fragmental spherical bearing surface of the lash preventing mechanism, whereby the rocker arm is supported. The rocker arm may have an opening through the depressed portion for the passage of a mounting stud or post projecting upwardly from the engine and serving to support the lash adjusting unit. Through this stud or post there is an oil passageway which communicates with a pressurized oil supply from the engine to deliver pressurized oil to the lash adjusting unit.

While the fulcrum adjuster of my previous patent was highly satisfactory in operation where the adjuster was installed in a substantially vertical plane, it was found that when the axis of the adjuster had to be located at angles greater than about 30 from the vertical, air would become trapped in the upper area of the pressure chamber of the adjuster. To purge this air, it was found necessary to provide special passages resulting in increased production costs. It was also found that close machining tolerances were necessary to keep the sleeve in perfect alignment with the reaction barrel member so that the central plunger would not bind during operation.

The present invention provides an improved lash adjuster which simplifies the design of comparable lash adjusters heretofore used. Among the features of the new lash adjuster are the location of the leakdown annulus which, in the new form of the invention, is located between the sleeve and the barrel. This construction allows entrapped air to escape readily when the unit is installed at an angle deviating substantially from the vertical. Another feature resides in providing a simple snap ring to retain the inner components of the unit. Heretofore it was necessary to stake the reaction member and this sometimes damaged the reaction member and caused the inner parts to stick. The new unit has also been designed for a minimum of stock removal to form the component parts, thereby decreasing the cost of manufacture. Furthermore, the overall height of the new unit is considerably less than previous lash adjusters, so that the rocker arm cover height can be less.

One of the objects of the present invention is to pro- 3 ,147,745 Patented Sept. 8, 1964 vide an improved lash' adjuster assembly which provides for venting of air which may become-trapped in the pressure chamber when the adjuster is installed at a substantial angle.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved fulcrum adjuster which can be assembled more readily and more economically than comparable fulcrum adjusters heretofore employed.

A further object of the invention is to provide an improved fulcrum adjuster which has a reduced response time.

Other objects and features of the present invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following description of the attached sheet of drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a vertical sectional view taken through a valve assembly employing a fulcrum adjuster of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a plan view of the top of the rocker arm assembly;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the fulcrum adjuster assembly; and

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged view, partly in cross-section and partly in elevation, of a modified form of the present invention.

As shown on the drawings:

In FIGURE 1, reference numeral 16 indicates generally an internal combustion engine including a cylinder block 11 having a cylinder head 12. A valve guide 13 is formed in the cylinder head 12 and receives a stem 14- of a poppet valve 16 in sliding relation therealong. The valve 16 has the usual seating face 17 to control the flow of gases between a valve port 18 and a combustion chamber 19.

The upper end of the valve stem 14 has grooves 21 formed therein, and conventional valve locks 22 are provided with beads which seat within the groove 21. A valve lock retainer 23 tightly engages the valve locks 22 and serves to bottom a valve spring 24 extending between the retainer 23 and a shoulder 26 formed in the engine head 12.

The rocker arm may take the form of a stamped sheet metal arm 28 having a depressed fragmental spherical socket portion 29 with an aperture 31 through the bottom of the socket. The rocker arm 28 is provided with an upturned peripheral flange 32. At one end of the rocker arm 28 and at one side of the socket 29, the rocker arm is provided with an inverted socket 33 for the rounded end 34 of a push rod 35. On the opposite side of the socket 29, and on the opposite side of the rocker arm, the rocker arm is depressed as indicated at numeral 36 to provide a rounded surface for engaging and rocking on the end of the valve stem 14.

The fulcrum adjuster of the present invention has been identified generally in FIGURE 1 by reference numeral 36. It is supported in its operating position to pivotally carry the rocker arm 28 on a post 37 having a knurled end portion 38 which is pressed into a suitable passage formed in the cylinder head 12 without the necessity of using a threaded fit. The particular design of the fulcrum adjuster, as will be apparent from succeeding portions of this description, makes it unnecessary to provide for releasable engagement between the post 37 and the engine block.

As indicated in FIGURE 3, the post 37 is provided with an axially extending bore 39 which communicates with an oil chamber 41 supplied with pressurized oil from the oil pump of the engine.

As seen in FIGURE 3, the post 37 is slidably received within a sleeve type bushing 43 and has a threaded end portion 44 engaged by a nut 46. The bushing 43 has a shoulder 42 which locates a sleeve 45 therealong. The sleeve 45 is provided with a plurality of axially extenda ing passages 47 which provide for fluid flow between an oil reservoir chamber 48 located above the sleeve 45 and a high pressure oil chamber 49 located below the sleeve 45. The outer diameter of the sleeve 45 is made smaller than the inner diameter of the reaction barrel 51 which confines all the operating mechanism of the fulcrum adjuster so that a leakdqwn path 53 is provided in the space between the outer diameter of the sleeve 45 and the inner diameter of the barrel 51.

Flow of oil through the passages 47 is controlled by means of a washer type valve 52 which is received on an annular Valve guide 53 having a shoulder arranged to hold the valve element 52 with a slight clearance between the valve 52 and the ends of the passages 47. A coiled spring 54 acts against the valve guide 53 to hold the guide 53 against the base of the sleeve 45. The opposite end of the spring 54 is bottomed against a dynamic seal 56 which engages the outer periphery of the bushing 43 and is received along an inclined seating face 57 formed in the barrel 51.

A washer 58 also rides on the upper end of the bushing 43, and the diameter of the washer 58 is less than the inner diameter of the barrel 51, thereby providing an air venting space for the interior of the fulcrum adjuster. The washer 58 as well as the other elements of the fulcrum adjuster are retained within the barrel 51 by the provision of a snap ring 61 located in a suitable groove cut in the inner face of the barrel 51.

When oil is first introduced into the fulcrum adjuster following installation, it enters through the axially extending bore 39 and then through a plurality of radially extending bores 62 emanating from the axially extending bore 39. The oil then flows through slots 63 formed in the bushing 43 into the oil reservoir 48, into the passages 47, and ultimately into the pressure chamber 49.

When the engine valve stem 14- is being pushed downward by the rising pushrod 35, the pressure within the pressure chamber 49 increases rapidly above the pressure in the reservoir chamber 48. This pressure differential causes the valve 52 to snap shut almost instantaneously. A very small controlled quantity of oil is permitted to escape through the leakdown path 50 into the reservoir during the remainder of the valve open cycle. The quantity of bleed oif oil is not suflicient to permit the parts to collapse during engine operation. When the engine valve closes, the spring 54 expands to take up any unnecessary clearance in the valve train. Simultaneously, the pressure in the pressure chamber 49 drops below reservoir and oil system pressure, valve 52 opens a volume of makeup oil suflicient to fill the pressure chamber surges in. If the length of the valve train grew during the cycle, the amount of oil issuing back into the pressure chamber is slightly less than the volume which escaped during valve opening. if the valve train shrank, the replacement volume is greater.

In all multicylinder engines, one or more valves remain open when the engine is not running. The fulcrum adjusters for these valve trains are thus under a continuous pressure from the engine valve spring 24 and are forced to collapse, i.e., oil is transferred from the pressure chamber 49 to the reservoir chamber 48 until the spring 54 bottoms. If the engine is shut down for a prolonged period, all of the oil from the engines oil passages returns to the crankcase. When the engine is started, several seconds elapse before pressurized oil reaches the adjusters. The reservoir subsequently supplies the necessary makeup oil during those first few cycles of operation before pressurized oil reaches the adjuster.

The configuration shown in FIGURE 4 is substantially similar to that shown in FIGURE 3, except for certain structural modifications, the mechanism of operation being the same for both embodiments. The embodiment of FIGURE 4 employs a sleeve 71 consisting of a cup-shaped element having a plurality of passages 72 extending therethrough. The sleeve 7 it was designed to increase the reservoir volume and to decrease the amount of machining required on the bushing 43. In this embodiment, the bushing 43 is not provided with slots 63 as in FIGURE 3 but a washer 74 is provided with spaced recesses 76 to accommodate the flow of oil from the axial bore 3@ of the post 37 into the reservoir chamber 48. The inside diameter of the bushing 4-3 is relieved as indicated at 70 to accommodate a post 37 of uniform diameter.

From the foregoing, it will be seen that the fulcrum adjuster of the present invention provides a simplified structure which is considerably easier to manufacture than previously designed devices of this type. Furthermore, by positioning the leakdown annulus between the sleeve and the reactant barrel, entrapped air can readily escape even when the unit is tilted at a substantial angle from the vertical. This vented air is conveniently removed through the provision of the simple washer arrangement described. Furthermore, with the construction of the present invention, fabrication is considerably simplified because all of the inner components of the unit are retained by a simple snap ring. In addition, the parts involved are easier to machine, thereby further increasing the economy of manufacture.

It should be evident that various modifications can he made to the described embodiments without departing from the scope of the present invention.

I claim as my invention:

1. A fulcrum adjuster comprising a barrel having an an axial passage extending therethrough, an axially bored post extending through said axial passage, a sleeve received between said post and said barrel and defining with said barrel both an oil reservoir and an oil pressure chamber, said sleeve having port means therein providing for fluid communication between said reservoir and said pressure chamber, said sleeve being spaced from the internal wall of said barrel to provide a fluid leakdown path between said reservoir and said pressure chamber.

2. A fulcrum adjuster comprising a barrel having an an axial passage extending therethrough, an axially bored post extending through said axial passage, a sleeve received between said post and said barrel and defining with said barrel both an oil reservoir and an oil pressure chamber, said sleeve having port means therein providing for fluid communication between said reservoir and said pressure chamber, said sleeve being spaced from the internal wall of said barrel to provide a fluid leakdown path between said reservoir and said pressure chamber, and a washer received about said post and fitting loosely in said barrel to provide an air venting space for said oil reservoir.

3. A fulcrum adjuster comprising a barrel having an axial passage extending therethrough, an axially bored post extending through said axial passage, a sleeve received between said post and said barrel, an annular seal member disposed about said sleeve in engagement with said barrel, said sleeve having a plurality of axial passages therein and being of lesser diameter than the inner diameter of said barrel, thereby providing an oil leakdown passage space therealong, a valve member arranged to close ofl? said passages, and a spring extending between said seal and said valve member.

4. A fulcrum adjuster comprising a barrel having an axial passage extending therethrough, an axially bored post extending through said axial passage, a sleeve received between said post and said barrel, an annular seal member disposed about said sleeve in engagement with said barrel, said sleeve having a plurality of axial passages therein and being of lesser diameter than the inner diameter of said barrel, thereby providing an oil leakdown passage space therealong, a valve member arranged to close off said passages, a spring extending between said seal and said valve member, and a washer disposed about said postysaid washer fitting loosely in the top of said barrel to provide an air vent therefor.

5. A fulcrum adjuster comprising a barrel having an axial passage extending therethrough, an axially bored post extending through said axial passage, a bushing disposed between said post and said barrel, a sleeve carried by said bushing, said bushing having a shoulder for locating said sleeve therealong, an annular seal member disposed about said bushing in engagement with said barrel, said sleeve having a plurality of axial passages therein and being of lesser diameter than the inner diameter of said barrel, thereby providing an oil leakdown space therealong, a valve member arranged to close off said passages, and a spring extending between said seal and said valve member.

6. A fulcrum adjuster comprising a barrel having an axial passage extending therethrough, an axially bored post extending through said axial passage, a bushing disposed between said post and said barrel, a sleeve carried by said bushing, said bushing having a shoulder for locating said sleeve therealong, an annular seal member disposed about said sleeve in engagement with said barrel, said sleeve having a plurality of axial passages therein and being of lesser diameter than the inner diameter of said barrel, thereby providing an oil leakdown space therealong, a valve member arranged to close off said passages, a spring extending between said seal and said valve member, and a Washer on the end of said bushing opposite from said seal member, said Washer fitting loosely in said barrel to provide an air venting space therefor.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,718,219 Chayne et al. Sept. 20, 1955 2,863,430 Sampietro Dec. 9, 1958 2,873,730 Kilgore Feb. 17, 1959 2,971,503 Schnabel Feb. 14, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 786,242 Great Britain Nov. 13, 1957

Claims (1)

  1. 6. A FULCRUM ADJUSTER COMPRISING A BARREL HAVING AN AXIAL PASSAGE EXTENDING THERETHROUGH, AN AXIALLY BORED POST EXTENDING THROUGH SAID AXIAL PASSAGE, A BUSHING DISPOSED BETWEEN SAID POST AND SAID BARREL, A SLEEVE CARRIED BY SAID BUSHING, SAID BUSHING HAVING A SHOULDER FOR LOCATING SAID SLEEVE THEREALONG, AN ANNULAR SEAL MEMBER DISPOSED ABOUT SAID SLEEVE IN ENGAGEMENT WITH SAID BARREL, SAID SLEEVE HAVING A PLURALITY OF AXIAL PASSAGES THEREIN AND BEING OF LESSER DIAMETER THAN THE INNER DIAMETER OF SAID BARREL, THEREBY PROVIDING AN OIL LEAKDOWN SPACE THEREALONG, A VALVE MEMBER ARRANGED TO CLOSE OFF SAID PASSAGES, A SPRING EXTENDING BETWEEN SAID SEAL AND SAID VALVE MEMBER, AND A WASHER ON THE END OF SAID BUSHING OPPOSITE FROM SAID SEAL MEMBER, SAID WASHER FITTING LOOSELY IN SAID BARREL TO PROVIDE AN AIR VENTING SPACE THEREFOR.
US3147745A 1962-09-24 1962-09-24 Fulcrum adjuster Expired - Lifetime US3147745A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3147745A US3147745A (en) 1962-09-24 1962-09-24 Fulcrum adjuster

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3147745A US3147745A (en) 1962-09-24 1962-09-24 Fulcrum adjuster

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3147745A true US3147745A (en) 1964-09-08

Family

ID=22846120

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3147745A Expired - Lifetime US3147745A (en) 1962-09-24 1962-09-24 Fulcrum adjuster

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3147745A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3964455A (en) * 1974-12-19 1976-06-22 General Motors Corporation Valve control mechanism
US4221201A (en) * 1976-03-30 1980-09-09 Eaton Corporation Control means for valve disabler
US4222354A (en) * 1976-03-30 1980-09-16 Eaton Corporation Valve disabler
US4227494A (en) * 1975-10-30 1980-10-14 Eaton Corporation Valve disabler and control
US4337738A (en) * 1975-06-19 1982-07-06 General Motors Corporation Valve control mechanism
US4380219A (en) * 1975-05-16 1983-04-19 Eaton Corporation Valve disabling mechanism
US4386590A (en) * 1976-06-11 1983-06-07 Ford Motor Company Multi-cylinder internal combustion engine having selective cylinder control
US20160376935A1 (en) * 2015-06-26 2016-12-29 Deere & Company Valvetrain for an Engine
US10082052B2 (en) 2017-02-08 2018-09-25 Caterpillar Inc. Hydraulic lash adjuster

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2718219A (en) * 1955-01-20 1955-09-20 Gen Motors Corp Hydraulic lash adjuster
GB786242A (en) * 1955-01-20 1957-11-13 Gen Motors Corp Improvements in valve actuator mechanisms for internal combustion engines
US2863430A (en) * 1956-04-05 1958-12-09 Thompson Prod Inc Lash adjuster
US2873730A (en) * 1957-07-02 1959-02-17 Thompson Prod Inc Fulcrum adjuster
US2971503A (en) * 1959-04-22 1961-02-14 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Fulcrum adjuster

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2718219A (en) * 1955-01-20 1955-09-20 Gen Motors Corp Hydraulic lash adjuster
GB786242A (en) * 1955-01-20 1957-11-13 Gen Motors Corp Improvements in valve actuator mechanisms for internal combustion engines
US2863430A (en) * 1956-04-05 1958-12-09 Thompson Prod Inc Lash adjuster
US2873730A (en) * 1957-07-02 1959-02-17 Thompson Prod Inc Fulcrum adjuster
US2971503A (en) * 1959-04-22 1961-02-14 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Fulcrum adjuster

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3964455A (en) * 1974-12-19 1976-06-22 General Motors Corporation Valve control mechanism
US4380219A (en) * 1975-05-16 1983-04-19 Eaton Corporation Valve disabling mechanism
US4337738A (en) * 1975-06-19 1982-07-06 General Motors Corporation Valve control mechanism
US4227494A (en) * 1975-10-30 1980-10-14 Eaton Corporation Valve disabler and control
US4221201A (en) * 1976-03-30 1980-09-09 Eaton Corporation Control means for valve disabler
US4222354A (en) * 1976-03-30 1980-09-16 Eaton Corporation Valve disabler
US4386590A (en) * 1976-06-11 1983-06-07 Ford Motor Company Multi-cylinder internal combustion engine having selective cylinder control
US20160376935A1 (en) * 2015-06-26 2016-12-29 Deere & Company Valvetrain for an Engine
US9638073B2 (en) * 2015-06-26 2017-05-02 Deere & Company Valvetrain for an engine
US10082052B2 (en) 2017-02-08 2018-09-25 Caterpillar Inc. Hydraulic lash adjuster

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4615307A (en) Hydraulic valve lifter for variable displacement engine
US6439195B1 (en) Valve train apparatus
US5546899A (en) Valve train load transfer device for use with hydraulic roller lifters
US4133332A (en) Valve control mechanism
US4811704A (en) Valve stem seal
US4942855A (en) Lubricating system of a valve mechanism for a double overhead camshaft engine
US2036936A (en) Valve gear for internal combustion engines
US5566652A (en) Light weight cam follower
US3400696A (en) Valve train
EP1243761A1 (en) Internal-combustion engine with hydraulic system for variable operation of the valves and means for compensating variations in volume of the hydraulic fluid
US4788947A (en) Cap retainer for hydraulic lash adjuster
US4697473A (en) Rocker arm with cam-contacting roller
US3554180A (en) Valve stem seal
US20040103869A1 (en) Lock-pin cartridge for a valve deactivation rocker arm assembly
US3964455A (en) Valve control mechanism
US2380051A (en) Hydraulic valve adjusting means
US3140698A (en) Hydraulic tappet unit inverted
US4607599A (en) Roller follower hydraulic tappet
US4546734A (en) Hydraulic valve lifter for variable displacement engine
US4924821A (en) Hydraulic lash adjuster and bridge assembly
US5979383A (en) Rocker arm assembly lubrication
US3809033A (en) Rocker arm engine brake system
US4440121A (en) Locknut device for engine rocker arm adjustment
US6039017A (en) Hydraulic lash adjuster with lash
US4497307A (en) Integral rocker arm hydraulic lifter and bearing assembly