US3122257A - Liquid vessel and support - Google Patents

Liquid vessel and support Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3122257A
US3122257A US91081A US9108161A US3122257A US 3122257 A US3122257 A US 3122257A US 91081 A US91081 A US 91081A US 9108161 A US9108161 A US 9108161A US 3122257 A US3122257 A US 3122257A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
vessel
cavity
base
post
apex
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US91081A
Inventor
Walter E Soehrman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AMERICAN CONCEPTS OF PROGRESS Inc
Original Assignee
AMERICAN CONCEPTS OF PROGRESS Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by AMERICAN CONCEPTS OF PROGRESS Inc filed Critical AMERICAN CONCEPTS OF PROGRESS Inc
Priority to US91081A priority Critical patent/US3122257A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3122257A publication Critical patent/US3122257A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G23/00Other table equipment
    • A47G23/02Glass or bottle holders
    • A47G23/0208Glass or bottle holders for drinking-glasses, plastic cups, or the like
    • A47G23/0216Glass or bottle holders for drinking-glasses, plastic cups, or the like for one glass or cup
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G19/00Table service
    • A47G19/22Drinking vessels or saucers used for table service
    • A47G19/2283Saucers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G2400/00Details not otherwise provided for in A47G19/00-A47G23/16
    • A47G2400/08Stabilizing containers or articles
    • A47G2400/086Self-levelling

Description

Feb. 25, 1964 w. E. SOEHRMAN 3,122,257

LIQUID VESSEL AND SUPPORT Filed Feb. 23, 1961 Fi g1 .l G .J 21

INVENTOR. WALTER E. SoEHRMAN MQW United States Patent 3,122,257 LEQUED VESSEL AND fiUllflRT Walter E. Soehrman, Lombard, lll, assignor to American Concepts of Progress, ind, larendon Hills, 132-, a corporation of illinois Filed Feb. 23, 1%1, Saar. Ne. 91,931 3 Claims. (ill. 2151tltl) This invention, in general, relates to a hollow liquid vessel and support means therefor, wherein said vessel is pivotally mounted on said support means. In a more particular aspect of the invention there is provided a hollow drinking vessel such as a cup or glass, containing in its structure a part adapted to cooperate with a pivot support wherein said vessel is freely pivotally supported whereby it remains in substantially horizontal or level position.

One or" the objects of this invention is to provide improvements in drinking vessels such as cups, glasses and the like by providing a unit which reduces the possibilities of accidental tipping of the drinking vessel.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hollow vessel pivotally supported on a base so that the vessel remains substantially level even though the base may be in a tilted position with respect to the horizontal.

Another object of the invention is to provide drinking vessels adapted to be supported on a pivotable support.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a novelty drinking vessel which reduces the possibility of accidental spilling of the liquid contents of the vessel.

Still another object is to provide a novelty drinlc ng vessel hich may be used in the drinking of a beverage and for entertainment in and about the home, or recreation room, or like place.

Other and further objects of the invention will be apparent from the following description and claims together with the accompanying drawing, which, by way of illustration, shows prefered embodiments of the invention and the principles thereof in what I now consider to be the best modes contemplated for applying these principles. Other embodiments of the invention embodying the same or equivalent principles may be used and structural changes may be made as desired by those skilled in the art without departing from the true spirit and principles of the invention.

hi the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a side elevation of one embodiment of the invention, a drinking glass and base support th refor;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken on any diametric section of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side elevation of another embodiment of the invention, a drinking vessel and base support therefor; and

FIG. 4 is a diametric cross-section of the drinking vessel of FIG. 3 taken on section 4-4 of FIG. 3.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, a hollow vessel 10, in th case a drinking glass, has an unbroken, liquid-tight ically shaped side wall 11 and an unbroken, liqui ght bottom wall 12 of generally symmetrical configuration. The bottom wall 12 is shaped to provide a re-entrant projection 13 extending into the liquid receiving cavity 14 of the hollow vessel. The re-entrant projection 13 has a cavity 15 of substantially symmetrical configuration which tapers inwardly from the bottom wall 12 to form a generally frusto-conical-shaped recess or cavity. At the upper and smaller end of the frusto-conical-shaped cavity, the internal walls 16 of the cavity take a cylindrical configuration coaxial with the frusto-conical recess with the end wall 17 of the cavity being slightly conical. The center of the conical wall 17 constitutes the apex of the cavity 15. This apex is located above and is in substan- "ice tial alignment with the center of gravity G of the hollow vessel 10. It is important that this relationship be maintained if the drinking vessel is to be suspended by a means later described in substantially level or horizontal position. Where necessary, or desired, a weight such as a metal ring or the like may be attached to the bottom of the vessel 19 for the purpose of lowering the center of gravity thereon.

The hollow vessel 16 is pivotally supported on and spaced from the base 18 which has a cylindrical-shaped recess 19 in the upper side thereof. The base 12 of the hollow vessel 10 preferably, though not essentially, is located within the recess 19.

The base 18 has an upright supporting member or post 20 screw-threaded or otherwise fixedly mounted in the bottom wall 21 of the base 18. The post 2t? extends upwardly from the approximate radial center of the recess 19. It is tapered at 22 to a segment 23 of lesser diameter than segment 20. At the upper end of the segment 23 there is an enlarged head 24 which has a conical-shaped, sharply pointed pivot bearing head 25', the point of which supports the hollow vessel 119 with the apex of the cavity 15 resting thereon.

The spacing between the walls of the cavity 15 and the post 29 is sufficient to permit at least a limited amount of pivotal movement of the hollow vessel 19 with respect to the base 18. Similarly, there is a sufiicient clearance or spacing between the bottom wall 12 of hollow vessel 11) and the bottom 26 of the recess 19 to allow a limited amount of pivotal movement of the hollow vessel 19 with respect to the base 18. -t is this pivotal movement in any vertical plane, in combination with the position of the center of gravity G of the hollow vessel 10 with respect to the point of pivotal support of the vessel 10 on the post 219, that allows the vessel 19 to remain in a substantially level or horizontal position even though the base 13 may be tilted at an angle.

It is ordinarily desirable to limit the degree of tilting of the vessel It) with respect to the base 18 to not more than 3540. This function can be accomplished in one of several ways, one of which is to space the bottom wall 12 a proper distance from the bottom wall 26 of the cavity 19 so that the outer edge 27 of the bottom wall 12 contacts the bottom wall 26 of the recess 18 at the desired degree of maximum angular tilt. Another convenient way for accomplishing the same purpose is to space the cylindrical wall 16 of the recess 15 a distance from the segment 23 of the post 26 so that the bottom edge 23 of the cylindrical wall 16 contacts the segment 23 when the desired maximum angle of tilt is reached. A third way for accomplishing the same function is to provide a similar contact between the side wall 11 of the vessel 18 and the upper edge 29 of the recess 19 when the desired maximum angle of tilt is reached.

The recess 1? serves an additional function in that it collects any condensation which drips off the outer surface of the drinking vessel 1% and thus protects the furniture upon which the drinking unit is placed against water marking. If desired, the bottom of the base 169 may be covered with a disc 30 of felt, rubber or the like to serve as a soft base support or a nonsiipping cushion for the base The disc 3% need not be Waterproof or water-repellant inasmuch as it is not ordinarily necessary to submerge the base 1% because the hollow vessel 16 is freely removable from the base 18 and can be washed separately.

The bottom wall 12 has a ring-shaped segment 31 which is thicker than the other wall portions of the vessel it to provide greater weight in the vessel 13 and thus lower the center of gravity. In cletermim'ng the position of the center of gravity with respect to the apex of the cavity 15, the center of gravity of the hollow vessel 1t? when filled or substantially tilled with liquid must also suitable material, such as then plastics, g resins, molded fibers, metal or .ne lile.

It is conveni at and us able to the .n a trifle vessel at; substantially to the apex of the cavity l5. '9, however, may be nonsynmetric with respect tr as l as the center of ravity of the vessel in is and in substantial alignment with said apex. In such case, however, the liquid-receiving cavity 24 should be subs -tially symmetric with respect to said ap x to avoid unb. -ancing he vessel lid when it contains a id.

The principles of construction heretofore described apply eqt' ,lly to the embodiment of FIGS. 3 and 4 in which a drinking vessel 32-, having diametrically opposite handles 33 and is pivotally supported on pin 3-5 uprightly mounted in the base 36 v 1 is of similar construction to the base 13. In this embodi ent of th invention, the drinking vessel 32 has a cylindrical wall 3'7 which is rounded at its bottom has a re-entrant segment 3% centrally positioned in and extending upwardly into the liquid-receiving cavity of e drinking vessel 32. In this embodiment of the i the walls of the drinking vessel 32 are of substa uniform thickness throughout. The conical re-entrant cavity 41 in the bottom of the drinking vessel 32 termi nates in a slightly rounded .2. drinking vessel 32 is pivotally supported above the base from a point of the conically-shaped terminal end of the pin 35 in a manner similar to the support for the einbodi rent of FIGS. 1 and 2 wherein the apex d2 of the vess is located above and substantially in alignment Vlltll the center of gravity G of the vessel The degree of angular tilt of the cup 32 to the base 36 preferably is 1i. ited as in the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2 either by contact of the rounded segment 38 of the vesesl 32 v bo wall of the cavity or by contact of ylindi cal wall with the upper edge 45 of the surface of the base From the foregoing description of the invention, it will be apparent that the hollow vessels and pivotal supports therefor can be used advantageously many types of situations. For example, they may be used as drinking vesesls for small i dren to lessen the danger of accidentalspillage of uid contents of the vessel inasmuch as the base has a wider support t. an the vessel ups which it is supported, plus the fact that the drink vessel is tiltable and will recover its he ontal po automatically. The tapered cavity in the lower an of the vessel helps to guide the vessel to its proper support position on the upright support membe T he vessels of the invention are also useful where the drinking vessels are rested on uneven surfaces such as ilags one patios, sloping arms of furniture and other sirn ar situations. They are also advantageously used on shipboard to neutralize mild rolling or" the ship or boat. Also, it will be found that with respect cavity in the upper its 12' and the cup level will tend to remain parallel less of the acceleration or deceleration of vehicle. Also, the drinking vesselsor liquid containers tend to keep the uid level of the vessel self'leveling, or horizontal, at all times when the whole device is placed on a normally horizontal surface, and this surface (a tray, platform, table, etc.) is moved from place to place. This is true when the whole device is moved from one nonhorizontm surface to another and different nonhorisurface as, for example, from a sloping tray to a table or stand, etc.

is not to be inferred that these devices, as described above, are solely drinking'vessels. They can be used, for example, as containers for shipping or tr nsporting liquids or other materials that need delicate h .lling or for materils cannot withstand severe impacts or jarring. The novel mounting and support of the vessels at a point normally above the center of gravity or" the vessel and its contents tends to transfer any impacts, change of motion, acceleration, etc, to a rotational movement, and/or, an oscillation of the vessel and its contents about the pivot point to reduce or transform the impact or motion force into rotational and/or oscillatory movement about the pivot point.

It will thus be seen from the foregoing description, considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, that the present invention provides new and improved drinking vessel uints having novel features, advantages and characteristics and accomplish; its intended objectives, including those hereinbeiore pointed out and others which are inherent in the invention.

1 claim:

1. A hollow drinking vessel and pivot support therefor comprising a hollow drinking vessel having unbroken bottom and side walls forming a liquid-tight, liquid-receiving cavity, said bottom wall having a cavity extending upwardly with its apex above and substantially in alignment with the center of gravity of said vessel, said liquidrecei -ng cavity being symmetric with respect to said apex, a base, and a post mounted on said base and extending vardly therefrom, the upper end of said post being crpiy pointed, said vessel being pivotally suspended on and freely liftable oil said post, the apex of said cavity resting freely on the sharply pointed end of said post when said vessel is suspending thereon.

2. A hollow drinking vessel and a support therefor comprising a hollow drinking vessel having unbroken bottom and side walls forming a liquid-tight, liquid-receiving cavity, said bottom wall having a tapered central cavity extending upwardly with its apex above and substantially in alignment with the center of gravity of said vessel, a base having a cylindrical cavity in its upper side, a post mounted on said base in the radical center of and extending upwardly therefrom, the upper end of said post being sharply pointed, said vessel being suspended on said post lightly above said base with the apex of said tapered cavity resting on the sharply pointed end of said post, and the bottom wall of said vessel being spaced above the bottom wall of said cylindrical cavity in said base, when the drinking vessel is supported on said end in a level position, a distance such that one of its walls contacts said bottom wall of the cylindrical recess of said .base when the vessel is tilted at its maximum angle.

3. A hollow drinking vessel and support therefor comprising a hollow drinking vessel having unbroken bottom and side walls forming a liquid-tight, symmetrical liquidreceiving cavity, said bottom wall of said vessel having a frusto-conical re-entrant recess formed therein with the frusto-conical wall tapering upwardly and inwardly from the bottom or" said ve sel, said re-entrant recess also including a cylindrical wall recess communicating with said frusto-conical recess, said cylindrical wall being coaxial with said frusto-conical wall and the circular lower edge of said cylindrical wall forming a circular juncture with the upper and smaller end of said frusto-conical recess,

regard said cylindrical recess having an unbroken end Wall extending acress the upper end thereof, an upwardly and inwardly conically tapered lower surface in said end Wall, the apex of said comically tapered lower surface being above and substantially in alignment With the center of gravity of said vessel, a base, a vertical post having a sharply pointed upper tip mounted on said base, said pointed tip being seated in the apex of said conicall tapered lower surface to prcvide a pivotal support of said vessel on said post with the bottom of said vessel spaced above said base, and the spacing between said post and said cylindrical Wall being such that said cylindrical wall contacts said post, when said. vessel is tilted 0n said post and limits pivoting cf said vessel on said post to an angle not exceeding 40 from horizontal.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,759,165 Mayer May 20, 1930 1,977,922 Serre Oct. 23, 1934 FOREIGN PATENTS 22,695 Great Britain 1900 164,136 Switzerland Dec. 1, 1933

Claims (1)

1. A HOLLOW DRINKING VESSEL AND PIVOT SUPPORT THEREFOR COMPRISING A HOLLOW DRINKING VESSEL HAVING UNBROKEN BOTTOM AND SIDE WALLS FORMING A LIQUID-TIGHT, LIQUID-RECEIVING CAVITY, SAID BOTTOM WALL HAVING A CAVITY EXTENDING UPWARDLY WITH ITS APEX ABOVE AND SUBSTANTIALLY IN ALIGNMENT WITH THE CENTER OF GRAVITY OF SAID VESSEL, SAID LIQUIDRECEIVING CAVITY BEING SYMMETRIC WITH RESPECT TO SAID APEX, A BASE, AND A POST MOUNTED ON SAID BASE AND EXTENDING UPWARDLY THEREFROM, THE UPPER END OF SAID POST BEING SHARPLY POINTED, SAID VESSEL BEING PIVOTALLY SUSPENDED ON AND FREELY LIFTABLE OFF SAID POST, THE APEX OF SAID CAVITY RESTING FREELY ON THE SHARPLY POINTED END OF SAID POST WHEN SAID VESSEL IS SUSPENDING THEREON.
US91081A 1961-02-23 1961-02-23 Liquid vessel and support Expired - Lifetime US3122257A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US91081A US3122257A (en) 1961-02-23 1961-02-23 Liquid vessel and support

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US91081A US3122257A (en) 1961-02-23 1961-02-23 Liquid vessel and support

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3122257A true US3122257A (en) 1964-02-25

Family

ID=22225933

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US91081A Expired - Lifetime US3122257A (en) 1961-02-23 1961-02-23 Liquid vessel and support

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3122257A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3250422A (en) * 1965-02-23 1966-05-10 Robert K Parish Cup and tray set
DE3101758A1 (en) * 1981-01-21 1982-09-16 Martin Schur Design of the base of drinking glasses or beakers for various purposes and made of various materials, and the serving tray associated therewith
US4566475A (en) * 1983-09-23 1986-01-28 Josef Wund Outdoor recreation area cover
US4659053A (en) * 1985-10-25 1987-04-21 Holley Edwin S Tiltable mount
US4747489A (en) * 1985-08-13 1988-05-31 Hergen Saalfeld Device for setting down beverage containers, preferably in vehicles
US5496112A (en) * 1993-12-21 1996-03-05 Moisture Dynamics, Inc. Miniature pan evaporimeter for gauging the difference between evapotranspiration and effective rainfall
US5772163A (en) * 1995-10-05 1998-06-30 Young; Robert P. Device for holding and tipping a container of liquid
US5822813A (en) * 1995-11-02 1998-10-20 Powell; Tyrone E. Motion compensated apparatus
US6439418B1 (en) 2001-03-20 2002-08-27 Interdesign, Inc. Attaching system for a container and a base
US6604648B2 (en) 2001-03-19 2003-08-12 Interdesign, Inc. Attaching system for a container and a base
US20040134919A1 (en) * 2003-01-10 2004-07-15 Irwin Lynn B. Multi-piece vessel
WO2007073238A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2007-06-28 Bushkovskiy Evgeniy Vladimirov Liquid storage tank

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190022695A (en) * 1900-12-12 1901-02-16 Ludwig Palmowski Improvements in Drinking Vessels or other Vessels for the Reception of Liquids.
US1759165A (en) * 1928-11-05 1930-05-20 Gustav R Mayer Plate supporter
CH164136A (en) * 1932-08-19 1933-09-30 Crot Emile Plateau for bedridden service.
US1977922A (en) * 1932-04-25 1934-10-23 Serre Eugene Edmond Charles Receptacle

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190022695A (en) * 1900-12-12 1901-02-16 Ludwig Palmowski Improvements in Drinking Vessels or other Vessels for the Reception of Liquids.
US1759165A (en) * 1928-11-05 1930-05-20 Gustav R Mayer Plate supporter
US1977922A (en) * 1932-04-25 1934-10-23 Serre Eugene Edmond Charles Receptacle
CH164136A (en) * 1932-08-19 1933-09-30 Crot Emile Plateau for bedridden service.

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3250422A (en) * 1965-02-23 1966-05-10 Robert K Parish Cup and tray set
DE3101758A1 (en) * 1981-01-21 1982-09-16 Martin Schur Design of the base of drinking glasses or beakers for various purposes and made of various materials, and the serving tray associated therewith
US4566475A (en) * 1983-09-23 1986-01-28 Josef Wund Outdoor recreation area cover
US4747489A (en) * 1985-08-13 1988-05-31 Hergen Saalfeld Device for setting down beverage containers, preferably in vehicles
US4659053A (en) * 1985-10-25 1987-04-21 Holley Edwin S Tiltable mount
US5496112A (en) * 1993-12-21 1996-03-05 Moisture Dynamics, Inc. Miniature pan evaporimeter for gauging the difference between evapotranspiration and effective rainfall
US5772163A (en) * 1995-10-05 1998-06-30 Young; Robert P. Device for holding and tipping a container of liquid
US5822813A (en) * 1995-11-02 1998-10-20 Powell; Tyrone E. Motion compensated apparatus
US6604648B2 (en) 2001-03-19 2003-08-12 Interdesign, Inc. Attaching system for a container and a base
US6439418B1 (en) 2001-03-20 2002-08-27 Interdesign, Inc. Attaching system for a container and a base
US20040134919A1 (en) * 2003-01-10 2004-07-15 Irwin Lynn B. Multi-piece vessel
WO2007073238A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2007-06-28 Bushkovskiy Evgeniy Vladimirov Liquid storage tank

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6059138A (en) Slotted cup holder
US4438856A (en) Combination base cup and bottle
US5040719A (en) Combination drinking vessel and cup holder with storable insert
US5441164A (en) Combination food and beverage plate
US2086404A (en) Combination container and goblet for liquids
US5176283A (en) Plate-and-glass assemblies
CA1133430A (en) Self-righting training cup
US2748952A (en) Bottle support
US4261026A (en) Lighted coaster for drinks
US3598271A (en) Combination disposable cup lid and coaster
US4478346A (en) Ice-holding and game-adaptable insert cup for drinking container
US2997199A (en) Table ornament and standard
US2935222A (en) Packaging structure
US4735333A (en) Insulated holder
US4915250A (en) Nonvented spill-proof lid
US4481731A (en) Amusement device for making bubbles
US7337915B1 (en) Insulating beverage container holder
US4938373A (en) Serving device
US5862739A (en) Infusion maker
US5477979A (en) Beverage mug with removable closure
US4795052A (en) Spill-proof lid
US5848722A (en) Spill resistant holder for mug
US6616493B2 (en) Floatable beverage holder
US4974741A (en) Insulated carrier for a beverage container
US4938377A (en) Device for preserving aroma and flavor of potable liquid including a buoyant lid