US3121357A - Lathe machine - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3121357A
US3121357A US109474A US10947461A US3121357A US 3121357 A US3121357 A US 3121357A US 109474 A US109474 A US 109474A US 10947461 A US10947461 A US 10947461A US 3121357 A US3121357 A US 3121357A
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United States
Prior art keywords
carriage
piston rod
tool support
cylinder
movement
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US109474A
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Douglas M Skoglund
Paul S Petersen
Ralph J Grimm
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DYNA MATION Inc
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DYNA MATION Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23GTHREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH
    • B23G1/00Thread cutting; Automatic machines specially designed therefor
    • B23G1/02Thread cutting; Automatic machines specially designed therefor on an external or internal cylindrical or conical surface, e.g. on recesses
    • B23G1/04Machines with one working-spindle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2705/00Driving working spindles or feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q2705/10Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q2705/102Feeding members carrying tools or work for lathes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/20Lathe for screw cutting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/25Lathe
    • Y10T82/2531Carriage feed
    • Y10T82/2533Control

Description

1954 D. M. SKOGLUND ETAL 3,

LATHE MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 27, 1961 46% I F/G. 5a

MIKE/V7095 "WWW Feb. 18, 1964 Filed March 27, 1961 D. M. SKOGLUND ETAL LATHE MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 i Q 5 d I l I 69 Z .74 70 65' 66 72 84w. 5 PETERSEN 1844/ /10, R/MM 1964 D. M. SKOGLUND ETAL 3, ,357

LATHE MACHINE Filed Marh 27, 1961 V 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 F/ /2 /00 G 7 m M r 350a Avravrms flaucimsdffwaz u/vo 1 /701. 5 P575255 P44 PH 0. 62mm WMw' wam Feb. 18, 1964 D. M. SKOGLUND ETAL Filed March 27, 1961 LATHE MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 United States Patent 3,121,357 LATHE MACHINE Douglas M. Skoglund, Paul S. Petersen, and Ralph I. Grimm, Minneapolis, Minn., assignors to Dyna-Mation, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn., a corporation of Minnesota Filed Mar. 27, 1961, Ser. No. 109,474 7 (ilaims. (Cl. 82-5) This invention relates to automatic control means for machine tools and more particularly to automatic control means for conventional lathe machines which is operable to permit automatic actuation of the lathe during a threading operation.

Many attempts have been made to produce means for automatically actuating a lathe machine when the latter is used to produce threads on workpieces. Some of these prior art devices for automatically actuating the lathes during the threading operation are, generally speaking, of oiunbersome construction and operation. The cost of these complicated devices is generally prohibitive and the operation of these types of control means have never been completely satisfactory.

Furthermore, attachment and removal of these cumbersome prior art devices is a very time consuming operation and because of their bulky construction the devices cannot be left on the lathes when the lathe is used for purposes other than threading.

It is, therefore, a general object of this invention to provide a simple and inexpensive but highly efiicient actuating means for use in automatically actuating the various component parts of a lathe machine during the threading operation.

Another object of this invention is to provide a novel and improved actuating attachment for ready connection to a lathe machine of the type having a reversing lead screw Without altering the construction of such a lathe machine, said actuating attachment being arranged and constructed to cause automatic actuation of the carriage and tool support of a lathe machine when the latter is used to produce threads on a workpiece.

A further object of this invention is the provision of a lathe machine of the type having a reversing lead screw with a novel and improved automatic actuating means including a pair of fluid pressure motors for use in cyclically and simultaneously actuating the tool support and carriage of a lathe through a predetermined number of strokes including means coacting with the tool support so that the cutting tool carried by the latter is positioned at the beginning of each successive stroke to [make a deeper cut on the workpiece.

These and other objects and advantages of this invention will more fully appear from the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference characters refer to the same or similar parts throughout the several views, and in which:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary front perspective view of a conventional lathe machine with certain portions of our invention illustrated in cooperating relation therewith;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary rear perspective view of a lathe machine with other portions of our invention illustrated therein;

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal cross sectional view on an enlarged scale of the clutch shifting mechanism and valve actuator mechanism;

FIG. 4 is a vertical section taken approximately along the lines 4-4 of FIG. 3 and looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIG. 5 is an elevational view of one of the valving members of the valve mechanism;

FIG. 5a is an elevational view of another of the valve members of the valve mechanism;

3,121,357. Patented Feb. 18, 1964 FIG. 6 is a detail view on an enlmged scale of the tool support shifting mechanism illustrated partly in section and partly in elevation;

FIG. 7 is a side elevational view on an enlarged scale of a portion of the tool support shifting mechanism illustrated in FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is an end view of the mechanism illustrated in FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 is a vertical section taken approximately along line 9-9 of FIG. 6 and looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIG. 10 is a longitudinal section of the tool support;

FIG. 11 is a longitudinal section of another component part of our invention;

FIG. 12 is a vertical section taken approximately along lines 12-12 of FIG. 11 looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIG. 13 is an end elevation view of the mechanism illustrated in PEG. 11 and taken approximately along line 1313 of FIG. 11;

FIG. 14 is a fragmentary detail view on an enlarged scale of certain of the internal parts and including the indexing means 'of the mechanism (illustrated in FIG. 11; and

FIGS. l5-l9 are a series of diagrammatic views similar to FIG. 5 illustrating certain members of the valve mechanism in various operative positions.

Referring now to the drawings and particularly to FIGS. 1 and 2, a conventional lathe machine incorporating our invention is there shown. The lathe machine illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 designated in its entirety by the reference numeral 19 includes a base or pedestal 11 having the con ventional bed 12. Lathe 10 also includes the head stock 13 and tail stock 14 for use in supporting and rotating a workpiece.

Lathe it also includes a carriage 15 which is mounted on the bed 12 for longitudinal reciprocating movement relative thereto in a fore and aft direction. As is well known in the art, the workpiece may extend between and be supported by the head stock and tail stool: or the workpiece may be 'carried solely by the head stock. The carriage during operation of the lathe is shifted forwardly towards the head stock and rearwardly relative thereto in a return direction.

This carriage 15 also includes the conventional depending apron 16 and has a tool support 17 shiftably mounted thereon, the latter removably and selectively supporting a conventional cutting tool. The carriage 15 is driven by reversible lead screw 18 in the conventional manner and this lead screw 18 is interconnected to drive means by clutch means (not shown). Although the clutch and drive means are now shown in the drawings, the clutch means does include a control rod 19 for actuating the clutch to permit the drive screw to be operatively disengaged from the drive means and also to permit the lead screw 18 to be reversibly driven. It is felt that an illustration of this clutch and drive means is unnecessary since the drive means and clutch means of the lathe are of conventional construction and, per se, do not constitute a part of the instant invention. The lathe carriage 15 also slides along the control rod 19, the latter being provided with stops 20 to permit actuation of the clutch means when the carri-age engages these stops. In this connection, the control rod 19 and stops 20 actually constitute linkage connections of the carriage with the conventional clutch means of the lathe so that the clutch is operable to disengage the driving connection of the lead screw 18 from the drive means when the carriage engages the stops 20 to shift the rod 19 at the respective ends of the fore and aft strokes of the carriage.

The control rod 19 is operatively connected to the clutch shifting crank rod 21 and when the rod 19 is moved axially of the adjustment crank 26 to the precise setting.

the clutch shifting crank rod is rotated to shift the clutch from either forward or rearward drive to neutral or disengaged positions.

Referring now to FIGS. 1, 2, 9 and 10, it will be seen that the tool support or tool post slide 17 includes a tool support mounting 22, which is fixedly mounted with respect to the tool support 17. A feed nut 23 is afiixed to the tool support mounting 22 by means of the key 24 and this feed nut threadedly engages an elongate feed screw 25, the latter being rotatable by means of an adjustment crank 26 having an indicator dial 26a. The tool support 17 is provided with a recess 27 for reception of the conventional tool post 28, the latter being adapted to releasably support a conventional cutting tool normally used in a threading operation.

Means for readily shifting the tool support between Work engaging and return position comprises a quick shiftable lever 29 which is fixedly connected with a barrel or sleeve 3f the latter having a helical cam groove 31 formed therein. Since the quick shiftable lever 29 is fixedly connected to the barrel 3Q, shifting of the lever causes rotation of the barrel, and the cam follower 32 which is fixedly mounted on a cam follower mounting 33 is caused to be shifted axially. It is also pointed out that the cam follower mounting 33 is fixedly connected with a tool support so that rotation of the barrel causes axial shifting of the cam follower 32, follower mounting 33 and the tool support 17 in a rectilinear direction between work engaging and return positions. A sleeve gear 34 having circumferentially arranged and radially extendin teeth 34a extending outwardly therefrom is mounted on the barrel 3% for rotation therewith. The function of this sleeve gear will be explained hereinbelow.

Generally speaking in most conventional lathe structures an operator must manually actuate the various controls on the lathe during the threading operation. In this operation the workpiece may be rotatably supported between the head stock and tail stock or may be supported merely by the head stock spindle. The tool support 137 and the cutting tool carried thereby will be adjusted b means The quick shiftable lever 29 will be moved to shift the tool support 17 rectilinearly towards the workpiece and the clutch means will be shifted to cause movement of the carriage in a forward direction if the threading operation involves producing external threads on a workpiece.

The carriage will be moved forwardly towards the head stock and the tool will engage and spirally cut the workpiece and threads will be produced thereupon until the carriage apron 16 strikes the mechanical stop 20 adjacent the forward end of the control rod 19. When the carriage apron engages the mechanical stop 29 the rod 19 will be moved axially and the clutch shifting lever is moved to a neutral position so that the carriage is no longer moved longitudinally of the lathe bed. The operator then shifts the quick shiftable lever 29 to cause the tool support 17 to be moved recti-linearly to the return position and he thereafter shifts the clutch lever to cause reversal in the rotation of the lead screw 18 to shift the carriage rearwardly until the latter strikes the rear mechanical stop 2% which again causes shifting of the control rod 19 and the clutch crank rod 2:. is moved to the neutral position again. The operator will then make another setting with the adjustment crank 26 so that a deeper cut may be made on the. workpiece and the quick shiftable lever 29 is moved to cause recti-linear shifting of the tool support 17 and its cutting tool again to the toolengaging position. The clutch is shifted to cause movement of the carriage in a forward direction, the cycle is thus begun again.

Since this operation is that of a type lathe, which is well known in the trade, it is felt that a detail illustration of the various parts thereof, to wit, the clutch drive means, internal construction of the carriage, is unnecessary in the instant application. It should be pointed out, however, that a particular lathe machine which is illustrated in the drawings although lathes, which have reversibly driven lead screws may also be used in conjunction with our novel actuating means. It is also pointed out that with the exception of the sleeve gear 34, the above described lathe structure is well known.

It will be noted that the foregoing description of the standard operation of a lathe when threads are produced on a workpiece is quite time consuming. We have, therefore, provided means for automatically actuating the carriage and tool support of a lathe machine through a predetermined number of strokes without requiring constant manipulation of the controls by an operator. Referring now to FIGS. 1 to 5, it will be seen that our means for automatically actuating the carriage and tool support includes mechanism for automatically shifting the clutch means, the latter defining a disengageable driving connection between the drive means and the lead screw 18. Although this clutch means is not shown, it is, as pointed out supra, of conventional construction, and the clutch shifting crank rod 21, as best seen in FIG. 4, is connected to the clutch means for actuation thereof between drive positions, which includes forward and rearward drive and neutral or disengaged position.

The mechanism 35 for shifting the clutch shifting crank rod 21 and the clutch means includes a housing 36 rigidly secured to the lathe pedestal as best seen in FIG. 2. A fluid pressure motor 37, which is a double acting pneumatic ram type, is positioned within the housing 36 and projects rearward-1y therefrom. This pneumatic ram includes a cylinder 38 which is provided with a small recess 39 in one end thereof for receiving the small block 40 attached to the front Wall of the housing 36. Block 40 is pivoted about a pin 41 which is afiixed to the cylinder 38.

Thus, it will be seen that the cylinder 38 is mounted Within the housing 36 for limited vertical swinging movement about a substantially horizontal axis.

Pneumatic ram 37 also includes a piston 42 positioned within the cylinder 38 for axial movement relative thereto and this piston 42 is provided with the conventional 0- ring type seal in sealing engagement with the interior surfaces of the cylinder as best seen in FIG. 3. Again, referring to FIG. 3, it will be seen that piston 42 is removably mounted on one end of a pistonrod 44, the other end of the piston rod 44 projecting axially outwardly of the cylinder 38 and is internally threaded as at 45 for the reception of a threaded connector 46. The threaded connector 45 has its outer terminal portion connected to the upper end of an arm 47 which is rigidly connected to the clutch shifting crank rod 21 so that movement of the arm 47 causes simultaneous movement of the crank rod 21. The threaded interconnection of the connector 46 and the piston rod 44 permits ready adjustment of these parts so that the overall length thereof may be varied.

Air is supplied into the cylinder 38 on both sides of piston 42 through ports 48 and 49. Shifting of the piston 42 occurs when air is supplied through the ports 48 and 49 and the piston 42 will be shifted through to the left as viewed in FIG. 3 when air passes through port 49. Shifting of the piston rod to the left causes the piston rod to be extended with regard to the cylinder 38. Extension of the piston rod 44 causes movement of the arm 47 and clutch shifting crank rod 21 so that the clutch mechanism operatively interconnects the lead screw 18 and the lathe drive means whereby the carriage is moved in a rearward or return direction. The exhaust of the air from the cylinder 38 from both sides of the piston 42 is accomplished by means of a pair of bleeder ports so although only one is shown in the drawing. These bleeder ports 5t} allow air within the cylinder 38 to constantly escape therefrom but each of these ports are of a size in relation to their associated inlet ports 48 and 49 respectively, so

that when air is introduced into one side of the cylinder there is sufiicient air pressure to cause axial movement of the piston head although this pressure will diminish after shifting of the piston from one position to another. "Introduction of air into port 48 will cause shifting of the piston 42 to the right, as viewed in FIG. 3, and the plston rod 44 is retracted. Retraction of the piston rod 44 causes simultaneous rocking of crank rod 21.

Mechanism is also provided for automatically shifting the tool support 17 between work engaging and return positions. This tool support shifting mechanism, designated in its entirety by the reference numeral 51, includes a second fluid pressure motor 52 which is also of the double acting pneumatic ram type as best seen in FIG. 6.

The double acting ram 52 includes a cylinder 53 having a forwardly projecting, tubular, piston-rod guide 54. The rear wall portion 55 of the cylinder 53 is also provided With a rearwardly projecting tubular piston-rod guide 56 and the rear wall portion and front wall portion of the cylinder are each provided with suitable sealing rings of conventional construction.

An axially shiftable piston 57 is positioned within cylinder 53 for axial shifting movement relative thereto and this piston 57 is fixedly connected to a thrust member or piston rod 58 intermediate the ends of the latter. The lower edge of the forward portion of the piston rod 58 is provided with a plurality of teeth 59 and it will be noted that the front piston rod guide 54 is provided with a downwardly opening arcuate recess 66 as best seen in FIG. 6. Referring again to FIG. 6, it will be noted that the pneumatic ram 52 is detachably mounted on the tool support 17 by means of bolts 61 to thereby permit ready detachment of the ram therefrom. The teeth 59 on the piston rod 58 will be disposed in engaging enrneshing relation with the sleeve gear 34 of the tool support 17 so that axial movement of the piston rods 58 will cause rotation of the sleeve gear.

Air under pressure is passed into and out of the cylinder 53 through ports 62 and 63. A conventional pneumatic fitting 64 is provided for port 62 while the port 63 is provided with a pneumatic fitting 65. The fittings 64 and 65 are provided with air conduits 66 and 67 respectively through which air is supplied to the cylinder 53.

it will be seen that air introduced into cylinder 53 through port 62 will cause piston 57 to be shifted to the position as illustrated in FIG. 6 so that piston rod 53 is extended. This rotates sleeve gear 34 so that tool support 17 is shifted to the work-engaging position. Air will be simultaneously exhausted through port 63 during this stroke of the piston 57. When air is introduced into cylinder 53 the piston will shift to the left, as viewed in FIG. 6, to cause retraction of piston rod 58 and rotation of sleeve gear 34 in a direction to reciprocate the tool support 17 to the return position. Air will be exhausted through port 62 during this operation.

Means are provided for varying the lengths of the stroke of the piston rod 58 so that the cutting tool carried by the tool support will be positioned to make a deeper cut with each successive forward stroke of the carriage. Mechanism is also provided for indexing the stroke length varying means of piston rod 58 so that piston rod 58 is automatically recycled after each complete cycle of movement thereof. Referring now to FIGS. 6 to 8 it will be seen that the piston rod 58 extends rearwardly beyond the cylinder 53 and is provided with a stop member or block 63 afiixed to the rear portion thereof externally of the cylinder 53. A bar 69 is affixed to the lower portion of the stop block 68 by means of a bolt 70 and it will be noted that bar 69 extends forwardly from block 68 and is disposed in substantially parallel relation with respect to the piston rod 58. An index pin structure 71 is detachably carried by the bar 69 and this index pin structure includes a cam pin 72 having adjustment knob 73 with a spring 74 urging the pin in an upward direction.

Referring now to FIG. 6, it will be seen that the outer wall surface of a cylinder 53 is provided with an elongate groove 53a extending generally in an axial direction and in which the cam pin 72 moves. It will therefore be seen that axial shifting of the piston rod causes movement of a bar 69 and the cam pin 72.

A cam and index drum 75 is mounted for rotation on a rearwardly projecting piston-rod guide 56 and this cam and index drum 75 are provided with a plurality of circumferentially arranged threaded recesses 76 for adjustably receiving a plurality of stop bols 77 therein. These stop bolts are arranged in steps with regard to their rearwardly projecting lengths. Each of these stop bolts 77 is adapted to be successively engaged by the stop block 68 during extension of the forward portion of the piston. When a stop bolt 77 is in obstructing relation with regard to the stop block 68 it will be seen that the stop bolt will be disposed downwardly for engagement with the lower portion of the stop block. It will be noted that there are ten bolts illustrated in the present embodiment so that the cutting tool carried by the tool support will make ten different passes with regard to the workpiece. Thus, it will be seen that stop block 68 and stop bolts 77 cooperatively define a mechanism for varying the length of the stroke or piston rod 58.

The means for successively positioning the stop bolts in obstructing relation with regard to the stop block 68 include a plurality of cam slots or grooves 78 with these slots being circumferentially spaced on the outer peripher-al surface of the cam and index drum 75. Each slot also includes an inclined ramp portion 79, the namp portion for each slot being disposed in angulated relation with regard to its associated slot. It will also be noted that the ramp portion is constructed so that the front terminal portion thereof is disposed in alignment with and in close proximity to the forward portion of the next adjacent cam slot. The drum is rotated by the engagement of the cam pin 72 successively in each of the slots during the shifting of the piston rod 58 in the return direction. The cam pin 72 engages one of the cam slots 7 8 during the return stroke of the piston rod and since the slot is disposed inangulated relation with regard to the direction of movement of pin 72, the pin will cause rotation of the drum on the rearwardly projecting guide portion 56. Rotation of the drum positions the next stop bolt 77 in obstructing relation with regard to the stop block 68 so that when the piston rod is shifted forwardly to move the tool support in a work-engaging direction, the stop block 63 will engage different stop bolt. During forward movement of the pin, the ramp portion 79 of the earn groove disposed in engagement with the pin will be entered and the pin will move forwardly into engagement with the ungrooved surface of the drum and thereafter into engagement with the slot formed in the cylinder 53. The pin, however, will be disposed in position for engagement with the next adjacent cam groove during the return stroke of the piston rod.

The stop bolts 77 are adjusted so that the bolts are arranged in steps with regard to their rearwardly projecting lengths. At the beginning of the operation, the bolt projecting the greatest length rearwardly from the indexing drum will be that first engaged by the stop block 68 so that the bolt with the least projecting length will be the last engaged by the stop block. This arrangement permits the plunger or piston rod to have its length varied with each successive stroke and to also index the length varying means automatically during the cycling of the piston rod.

It will be seen that the indexing mechanism comprises the indexing and oatmming drum 75, cam slots 78 and cam pin 7 2. It should be pointed out that the reset knob 73 must be manually reset at the end of the predetermined number of strokes of the tool support. At the end of the last stroke of the piston rod 58, the block 68 will engage the screw 77 having the shortest projectin-g length. The index drum will be maintained in this position until manually reset to permit cleaning of the threaded memher at the end of a threading operation.

Valve means are also pnovided for controlling actu ation of the pneumatic ram 37 and pneumatic ram 52 and this valve mechanism, designated in its entirety by the reference numeral 80, includes a housing 81 mounted on the pneumatic ram 37 in coopenating relation therewith to define a chamber 82. The housing 81 is mounted against the outer surface of side wall 33 of the cylinder 38 and this side wall surface is provided with a pair of spaced apart ports 48a and 49a communicating with the ports 43 and 49 respectively of the pneumatic ram 37. Referring now to FIGS. 3 to and FIGS. to 18, it will be seen that the side wall 83 has another pair of ports 62a and 63a formed therein. Ports 62a and 63a are provided with conventional fittings and these fittings are respectively connected with conduits 66 and 67. Port 62a is in communicating relation with port 62 and port 63a is in communicating relation with port 63. It will be seen that the valve mechanism 80 is arranged in fluid controlling relation with both the fluid pressure motor 52 and the fluid pressure motor 37. Air is supplied into the valve chamber 82 of valve mechanism as through an inlet 84 which is connected to a source of under pressure.

Valve mechanism also includes an elongate substantially rectangular flat valve member 85 mounted for sliding movement on the outer surface of side Wall 83 in chamber 82. Valve member 85 is disposed in fluid controlling relation with respect to the ports 43a, 49a, 62a, and 63a respectively. Another valve member 86 of genenally fiat T-shaped configuration is mounted for relative shifting movement with respect to the valve member 85 which also serves to control the flow of air to the respective pneumatic rams. Means are also provided for actuating or shifting the valve members 35 and 86 and to this end, a wall of the cylinder 38 is provided with an elongate recess 87 formed therein. A valve actuating rod 38 is positioned within the recess 87 for ax-i al shifting movement relative thereto and this valve actuating rod 38 is provided with a pin 89 at its inner terminal end, the pin projecting laterally outwardly from the rod 88 and being engaged by the T-shaped valve member 86. Pin 8% extends through an elongate slot 83a formed in the wall 33 of the cylinder 38 and this pin extends upwardly through a relatively small elongate slot 90 formed in valve member 85. Thus, it will be seen that shitting of the valve actuating rod 83 causes sequential shifting of the T- shaped valve member 86 and the valve member 85. It will also be noted from FIGS. 3 to 5 and 15 to 19 that the slot 90 in the valve member 85 is substantially larger than the diameter of the pin 89. The pin 89 and slot 90 actually define a lost motion connection between the valve members 85 and 86 respectively. Therefore, initial movement of the valve actuating rod 88 actually causes relative movement between the valve member 85 and the T-shapcd valve member 86.

The outer terminal portion of the valve actuating rod 88 is threaded as at $1 and the piston rod 44 is provided with a block 92 rigidly secured thereto by means of a lock screw 92a. This block 92 is interposed between a pair of positioning nuts 94 on the threaded end $1 of the rod 88. It Will be seen that both the block 92 and the lock nuts 94 may be adjusted with respect to their respective rods. Thus, it will be seen that reciprocating movement of the piston rod 44 causes simultaneou shifting of the valve actuating mechanism, the latter being comprised of thevalve actuating rod 88, pin 89, the lock 92 and the locking nuts 94.

The valve mechanism 8% is also porvided with an exhaust port 95 which communicates with elongate recess 87. A pair of resilient spring elements 96 engage the inner surface of the vnve housing 81 and bear against marginal portions of the valve member 35 to constantly side wall 83. Since there is relative movement between the valve member 85 and the T-shaped valve member 36 because of the lost motion connection therebetween it will be seen that the valve member 85 is provided with a pair of guide pins 97 for engagement with the opposed edges of the T-shaped valve member 86. A small resilient leaf spring 96a also retains the valve member 86 in place as best seen in FIG. 3.

Referring now to FIGS. 5 and 15 to 19, it will be seen that the valve member 85 has a substantially fiat outer surface 850 and the substantially fiat inner surface 85b, the latter being disposed in engagement relation With the outer surface of the wall 83. The valve member 85 is provided with a pair of spaced apart ports or apertures 62b and 63b extending therethrough and it will be seen that the aperture or port 6% is in communicating relation with an elongate slot 62c formed in the inner surface 85b of the Valve member. The aperture or port 6311 is disposed in communicating relation with an elongate slot 630 the latter being disposed in longitudinal alignment but longitudinally spaced from the elongate slot 62c. Thus, it Will be seen that air passes from the chamber 82 selectively through one of the ports 62b or 6312 and thereafter through the slot associated with said last-mentioned ports.

Referring again to FIGS. 5 and 15 to 19, it Will be seen that the valve member 85 is provided with another pair of ports 48b and 4912 respectively and it will be noted that these ports are in longitudinal alignment but that the spacing between the ports is substantially the same as the spacing between the ports 62b and 63b respectively. The port 48b is in communicating relation with an elongate slot 480 formed in the inner surface 85b of the valve member 85 and the port 4911 is in communicating relation with an elongate slot 490 also formed in the inner surface 85!) of the valve member 85. These slots 4'80 and 4-90 are disposed in longitudinal alignment and each is of substantially the same length. It will also be noted that the slots 48c and 490 are of a length substantially shorter than the lengths of the slots 69c and 63c respectively.

The valve member 36 is provided with a T-shaped slot on the undersurface thereof and this T-shaped slot includes a transverse slot portion 862 extending transversely from a centrally located point and has its outer terminal portion in communicating relation with a longitudinally extending slot portion 861;. This T-shaped slot is in communicating relation with the slot $0 in the valve member 85 when the valves 85 and 86 are in engaging relation. It will also be noted that in PEG. 3 since slot 9d of valve member 85 is in communicating relation with recess 87 then the transverse slot 86a is constantly. disposed in communicating relation With the exhaust port 95, the latter being in communicating relation with the recess 87. Referring to FIGS. 15 to 19 and 5, it Will be noted that the longitudinal portion 85b of the T-shaped member may be shifted so that it is selectively in communicating relation with one of the ports 62a or 63a respectively. Thus, it will be seen that the T -shaped slot 86a, 361) provides means for permitting the exhaust of air pressure from the pneumatic ram 52.

Mechanism is also provided for stopping operation of V the carriage l5 after the latter has been reciprocated through a predetermined number of'strokes. This mechanism designated in its entirety by the reference numeral 10-1 is mounted on the clutch control rod 19- adiacent the rear portion thereof as best seen in FIG. 1. Referring now to FEGS. 11 and 12 through 14, it will be seen that the carriage control mechanism res includes an elongate barrel or cylinder 101 mounted in coaxial relation on the urge the latter into engagement with the surface of the.

control rod 19 by means of a sleeve bearing 162. Barrel lill is rotatably mounted on the sleeve bearing 162 by means of a ball bearing 1%. The sleeve bearing 102 is slidably mounted on the control rod 19 so that thebarrel may be moved in an axial direction relative to the control rod.

The rear end portion of the barrel 1&1 is rotatably and slidably mounted adjacent its rear end in coaxial relation upon an indexing drum 104, as best seen in FIGS. 11 and 14. Referring now to FIG. 14, it will be noted that this indexing drum is provided with a plurality of axially extending grooves 105 circumferentially arranged in the outer peripheral portion of the drum 1114. Each of these grooves 105 is interconnected with the next adjacent groove by means of connecting grooves 106. It will be noted that the grooves 105 are disposed in angulated relation with respect to grooves 106. A small tubular sleeve 107 having a threaded end threadedly engages the barrel 101 as best seen in FIG. 11, and projects radially therefrom. Sleeve 107 adjustably mounts a spring urged cam pin 108 having a knob 109 therein. The spring urged cam pin 108, as best seen in FIG. 11 and FIG. 13, rides or moves within the grooves 105 and 106 when the barrel 101 is moved relative to the indexing drum 104. It will be seen that when the barrel is moved axially rearwardly the cam pin 108 rides within one of the grooves 165 and since the indexing drum is fixedly mounted on the control rod 19 then the barrel 101 is caused to rotate relative to the drum. At the end of its travel in one of the grooves 105, the pin 108 is returned through one of the interconnecting grooves 106 and is positioned for movement again through the next adjacent groove 105.

The cam pin 108 is normally prevented from moving axially rearwardly with the barrel 101 beyond a predetermined distance by an escape ring 110*. This escape ring is fixedly mounted to the rod 19 by means of a set screw 111, however, escape ring 110 is also provided with a notch 112 which is disposed in alignment with one of the cam grooves 105. Thus, it will be seen that when the barrel and cam pin are rotated so that the pin is moving in the particular groove 105 aligned with the notch 112 in the escape ring 110, the barrel may be moved rearwardly beyond the escape ring 111} until the rear end portion of the barrel 1111 strikes the rear stop member 20. It will be noted that each of the stop members 20 aifixed to the control rod 19' are adjustably secured thereto by means of a set screw 20a. It will also be noted that during normal operation the barrel will be rotated during rearward movement of the barrel by coaction of the cam pin 103 in the cam grooves 105. The rearward axial movement of the barrel 101 will be normally stopped when the cam pin 1% strikes the escape ring 110. At this point a coil spring 113 constantly urges the barrel for wardly and this operation continues until the cam pin moves through the notch 112 in the escape ring.

Means are also provided to cause the barrel 161 to reposition itself on the indexing drum 1114, after the barrel camming pin 103 has been moved beyond the escape ring 110. This repositioning means for the barrel includes an annular collar 114 rotatably mounted on the forwardly reduced portion 104a of the connecting drum 104. This collar 114 is provided with a readily extending lug 115 which is disposed within an elongate internal slot 101a formed in the barrel 1131. A torsion spring 116 has one end thereof affixed to the forward portion 104a of the index drum 104 and is wound therearound and has its other end affixed to the lug 115. A stop pin 117 is affixed to the indexing drum 114 and projects forwardly therefrom in obstructing relation with regard to the lug 115. It will be seen that as barrel 101 rotates, the lug 115 will rotate therewith and cause tightening of the torsion spring 116. This torsion spring 116 will be wound until the pin 108 escapes through the escape ring notch 112 and the torsion spring will then unwind causing the barrel to be repositioned in place for the next reciprocating action of the carriage. The step 117 prevents further rotative movement of the collar 114 after unwinding of the coil spring 113.

Rearward movement of the barrel 101 is caused by the carriage as the carriage is driven rearwardly by the lead screw 18 and when the carriage strikes the barrel 101, the latter is moved in telescoping sliding fashion along the control rod 1? until the cam pin 1118 engages 11) the escape ring 110. When this occurs, the clutch shifting crank rod 21 is shifted since the control rod 19 is interconnected with the latter and the carriage is thereafter caused to reverse its direction of movement.

Means are also provided for closing oil the supply of air to the valve mechanism when the barrel 101 is moved in engagement with the rear stop 20. It will be noted that the carriage 15 will be permitted to move further rearwardly when the barrel cam pin 1G8 moves beyond the escape ring and this additional movement of the carriage actuates the valve mechanism which is interposed in fluid controlling relation between the supply of air under pressure and the valve mechanism 81). In this connection, the inlet 84 for the valve mechanism 80 has a conduit 118 connected therewith for supplying air into the air chamber 84 of the valve mechanism 80. This conduit 118 is connected in fluid communication to the valve mechanism 119 the latter being positioned on the lathe base in close proximity to the lathe bed 12. This valve mechanism 119 is provided with a cam arm 120 which is connectible to a valve element so that when the cam arm is actuated, air will be prevented from flowing from the valve mechanism 119 and into the conduit 118. The valve mechanism 119 is interconnected to a supply of air under pressure by means of a conduit 121. Thus, it will be seen that when the carriage 15 is moved, the additional distance in a rearward direction, that is when the barrel cam pin 1118 moves beyond the escape ring 110 then the supply of air to the valve mechanism will be closed. Simultaneously, with the closing of the air to the valve mechanism 89 will be the axial shifting of the control rod 19 in a rearward direction to move the clutch to a neutral position. The carriage and the control means will therefore be rendered inoperative.

Operation When the lathe machine is operated to produce threads on a workpiece, the workpiece will be positioned on the head stock 13 by means of the conventional collet and the head stock will be drivingly rotated by conventional drive means. If the workpiece is of relatively short length, then the workpiece may be supported solely by the head stock or it may be supported between the head stock and tail stock 14 in the conventional well known manner. The carriage 15 will be disposed in a rearward position relative to the head stock and will be caused to move forwardly when the feed screw 18 is disposed in operative engagement with the lathe drive means. The manual clutch-shifting lever, which is in the neutral position when the threading operation begins, will be shifted to the forward drive position so that the lead screw 18 drives the carriage in a forward direction. It is also pointed out that at the beginning of the operation the piston rod 58 of the pneumatic ram 52 will be in a retracted position so that the tool support is in the return position. When the manual clutch shifting lever is shifted for forward drive, the valve member 85 and the T-shaped valve 86 will be in the position illustrated in FIG. 15. When the valve mechanism is in the condition illustrated in FIG. 15, there will be no effective air pressure Within the cylinder 38. The piston rod 44 will be completely retracted and, since the inlet ports 48a and 4% formed in the cylinder wall 33 are closed to chamber 82 and are not in communicating relation with their respective slots 48c and 4% and their associated ports 4% and 48b of the valve member 85, no air will be supplied into this cylinder. Further, the outlet ports St will allow the escape or" air completely from this cylinder.

However, it will be noted that the port 62b is open with respect to the valve chamber 82 so that air may pass downwardly through the slot 626 and thereafter through aperture or port 62a.

Thus, it will be seen that air under pressure will be introduced to the pneumatic ram 52 through the port 62 so that the piston rod 53 is extended. During extension of the piston rod 58, the sleeve gear 34 is rotated thus causing rotation of the barrel lift, and the helical cam groove 31. The coaction of the follower 32 with the helical cam groove 31 causes axial shifting of the tool support 17 in a direction to dispose the tool carried by the tool support in the work-engaging position.

The carriage 415 will thereafter be moved along the lathe bed thus carrying the tool support along the workpiece until the carriage strikes the forward mechanical stop 20 on the control rod 19. The control rod 19 will be moved axially forward thus simultaneously shifting the clutch shifting crank rod 21. When the clutch rod 21 is shifted, the arm 47 which is affixed thereto is also shifted. Shifting of the arm 47 causes outward extension of the piston rod 44 of the pneumatic ram 37 so that the piston is moved to a position approaching the center of the cylinder. When in this position, the clutch will be in a neutral position and the movement of the piston rod 44 also causes simultaneous movement of a valve actuating mechanism $8 which includes the valve actuating pin 89. Axial movement of this valve actuating pin 89 causes shifting of the valve member 86 relative to the valve member 85 because of the lost motion connection therebetween. The extent of this relative movement between these two members is determined by the length of the slot 93 in the valve member 85. The initial part of this movement closes the port 621) in the valve member 85 thus closing off the supply of air to the port 62 of the pneumatic ram 52. Furthermore, movement of the valve member 86 causes the transverse slot 36b in the underside thereof to be moved into communicating relation with the port 6%, as best seen in FIG. 16, so that air is exhausted from the pneumatic ram 52 through port 62. Simultaneously, with this exhausting operation the ports 49]; and 63b in the valve member 85 are uncovered so that air may pass therethrough and into their associated slots 49c and 630 respectively. Thereafter the valve member 86 and the valve member 85 will be moved together so that the slots 49c and 63c are each simultaneously moved into communicating relation with the ports 4% and 63a in the cylinder wall 83 as best seen in FIG.

17. This allows air to pass through the port 49 of the pneumatic ram 37 and through the port 63 of the pneumatic ram 52. This causes simultaneous shifting of the respective piston rods 44 and 58 in their cylinders so that the clutch shifting rod 21 is shifted to the reverse position and the piston rod 53 is retracted and revolves the sleeve gear 34 in a direction to cause retraction of the tool support 17. Thus the carriage is driven in a rearward direction while the tool support is reciprocated to its return position.

When the piston rod 58 of the pneumatic ram 52 is retracted, coaction between the pin '72 with the cam grooves 78 of the cam and index drum 75 cause rotation of the drum thus positioning the next adjacent stop bolt in place to be engaged by the stop block upon the forward strokerof the piston rod 58. As pointed out above, the rotation of the indexing and cam drum 75 is in a direction so that the bolts are successively positioned in ohstructing relation with the stop block. The bolts are arranged so that the one having the greatest rearwardly projecting length is engaged first and with the bolt having the shorter projecting length is the last to be engaged by the stop block. With this arrangement, the length of stroke of the piston rod 53 is successively increased with each forward stroke of the piston rod.

The carriage 15 will be moved in a rearward direction while the tool support will be in the return position and the carriage will continue to move in the rearward direction until the rear portion thereof strikes the forward portion of the bearing 162 causing retraction of the barrel on the control rod 1? until the'cam pin 1% strikes the escape ring 119. Since the escape ring is fixed to the control rod 19, the control rod will be shifted axially rearwardly causing the clutch shifting crank rod to be moved to a neutral position and simultaneously shifting the valve actuating rod 88. It should be pointed out that during shifting movement of the clutch rod to reverse the drive of the carriage from a forward to rearward direction by retraction of the piston rod 44 of the pneumatic ram 37, the valve members 85' and 86 will move together relative to the wall 83 of the cylinder 38 the distance of the length of the slot 83a until the valve member 85 is positioned as indicated in FIG. 18. With this arrangement, it will be noted that port 6312 is in communicating relation with the port 63a so that air under pressure is supplied to the fluid pressure ram 52 through the port 63 thereof to maintain the piston rod in retracted position. It will also be noted however that the port 49a is not in communicating relation with the port 49b since the slot 490 associated with the latter is not communicating with the port 49a. It will also be noted that the port 48a is not in communicating relation with the port 48b since the latter is closed by the valve member 36. Therefore, there will be no air pressure being supplied to the pneumatic ram 37. The bleeder ports 50 in the cylinder 38 will permit escape of any air in this cylinder.

Therefore, when the control rod 19 is shifted axially rearwardly by the coaction of the carriage 15' with the barrel 101, the valve 86 will be shifted from the position illustrated in FIG. 18 to the position indicated in FIG. 19. During the initial part of the movement, the lost motion connection between the valve members 85 and 86 cause ports 63b and 49b of the valve member 85 to be closed simultaneously with opening of the ports 62b and 433i) thereof. This prevents further passage of air from air chamber -82 through port 63a and into the port 63 in the pneumatic ram 52 but the initial part of the movement does not position port 62 in communicating relation with the port 62a. The first operation of the valve is to shift the member 86 to a position so that while the support 631: is closed with respect to the air chamber 82 this port is in communicating relation with the slot 86b to permit exhausting of the air from the pneumatic ram 52.

However, when the valve member 86 is moved the length of the slot 9t) relative to valve member 85, movement of the valve members 86 and together relative to the wall 33 of the cylinder 38 causes the ports 48a and 62a to be placed in communicating condition with respect to the valve chamber 82 so that the piston tlwill be shifted from a centrally located position to a retracted position. Retraction of piston 42 causes the piston rod 44 to be retracted thus causin" the clutch shifting crank rod to be shifted from the neutral position to a position for forward drive. The clutch shifting crank rod 21 is shifted from rear drive to neutral position by the axial shifting of the control rod 19, the latter being shifted by barrel 101 and carriage 15. Simultaneously with the shifting of the clutch shifting crank rod 21, the piston rod 53 of pneumatic ram 52 will be extended since air is supplied through the port 62a, conduit 65 and port 62 into the cylinder 53 to cause the piston rod 58 to be shifted forwardly which rotates the sleeve gear M, the barrel 3% with the helical cam groove 31, The coaction between the helical cam groove and the follower 32 causes axial shifting of the tool support to the work-engaging position. As the piston rod 58 is shifted forwardly, the length of the stroke will be greater than the length of the previous stroke since the stop bolt '77 positioned in obstructing relation with respect to stop block as will be adjusted relative to the cumming and indexing drum '75 so that it has a shorter projecting length than the previously engaged stop bolt.

Thus, a deeper cut may be made in the workpiece since the tool support is disposed in closer proximity to the workpiece with respect to its previous forward position. j

carriage and tool support are, therefore, reciprocated through a predetermined number of strokes until' I the cam pin 108 moves within the groove 105 which is aligned with the escape notch 112 of the escape ring 110. When this occurs, the barrel 101 can telescope until the rear portion thereof strikes the rear mechanical stop on the control rod 19. The barrel 101 strikes the stop 20 and then the control rod is shifted thus moving the clutch shifting crank rod 21 to the neutral position and simultaneously with this operation, the carriage 15 will engage the cam arm 120 associated with the valve mechanism 119 so that the valve is actuated to close the supply of air under pressure through the conduit 118 to the valve mechanism 30. The tool support 17 will be disposed in re tracted position and the clutch shifting rod will be in a neutral position when the air supplied to the valve mechanism 80 is closed. The barrel 101 will be repositioned for the next operation and the cam and index drum 73 must be manually rotated to again position the stop bolt 77 having the longest rearwardly projecting length for engagement by the stop block 68. The workpiece will have been successively engaged by the cutting tool carried by the tool support so that a deeper cut is successively made on the workpiece without constant manipulation by an operator. It will also be noted that at the end of an operation, all the various parts of the actuating means must be recycled for the next operation including each of the indexing mechanisms associated with the carriage and the tool support.

It will also be noted that with regard to the controlling of the carriage 15 through a predetermined number of strokes, the rearmost stop member 20 on the control rod 19 may be positioned in engagement with the escape ring 110 so that escape of the barrel 101 from the escape ring is prevented, with this arrangement the carriage may be continuously reciprocated so that a continuous operation of the lathe machine is possible. It is also pointed out that while the threading operation previously described has been that for producing external right hand threads on a workpiece, our means for controlling and simultaneously actuating the carriage tool support is readily adaptable for formation of left handed threads since this merely requires interchanging of the conduits to ram 52. It is also pointed out that our unique control means is also readily usable for automating the operation of the carriage and tool support when internal threads are to be formed on a workpiece whether these threads are left handed or right handed. The formation of internal threads will merely necessitate repositioning of a carriage and tool support in a well known manner and attaching ram 52 in a reverse manner and it will be noted that our control means for operating the carriage and tool support when arranged for internal threading will be substantially very similar to that previously described.

It will, therefore, be seen from the preceding paragraphs that we have provided a novel control and actuating means for use with a conventional lathe machine which permits automation of the carriage and tool support thereof during the threading operation.

It will also be noted that our unique control attach ment consists of relatively few parts and utilizes the air pressure as a source of motive power, which permits inexpensive operation of the control means since most machine shops are provided with air compressors.

It will also be noted that the fluid motor 52 which operatively controls the tool support 17 may be readily detached from the lathe and be moved to an out-of-theway position, and replaced by a protective cap.

It will also be seen that the construction, operation and interrelation of the various parts permit multiple functioning of these parts so that the overall complete structure of this control attachment is basically of relatively simple construction. It will be noted, for example, that the pneumatic ram 52 not only has means for indexing the position of the stop screws so that the length of the piston rod may vary on each successive stroke, but that 14 the movement of the piston rod itself causes actuation of the indexing drum.

It will further be noted that this particular arrangement will allow a wide range of operation since the indexing drum may be constructed to have any number of mechani cal stops, thereby permitting the rate of infeed of the stroke of the piston rod associated with the pneumatic ram 52 to be varied over a relatively Wide range.

It will also be noted that the means for indexing the number of reciprocating strokes of carriage 15 of the lathe machine may be constructed to permit wide variances with regard to the number of strokes of this carriage.

It will further be noted from the foregoing description that the normal operation of the lathe mechanism is not at all impaired when our control attachment is connected to a conventional lathe structure nor is the lathe structure itself altered. Thus, it will be seen our novel control attachment is readily adaptable for lathe machines of the type having a reversing lead screw and it permits highly efficient and automatic operation thereof during a threadmaking process.

It will, therefore, be seen that we have provided a novel control attachment for automatically controlling the carriage and tool support for a lathe machine of the type having a reversibly driven lead screw during a threading operation in a more efficient and economical manner than any heretofore known comparable devices.

It will, of course, be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement and proportions of the various parts without departing from the scope of our invention.

What is claimed is:

1. -A device for automatically controlling operation of a conventional lathe machine through a predetermined number of cycles during a threading operation, the lathe machine being of the type having a carriage mounted thereon for reciprocating movement in a fore-and-aft direction adjacent the work piece, a tool support mounted on the carriage for reciprocating transverse movement relative thereto between work-engaging and return positions, reversible drive means for shifting the carriage in a fore-and-aft direction including a conventional clutch means defining a disengageable drive connection with the carriage, and a clutch shifting mechanism connected to the clutch means and being engageable by the carriage at the ends of the respective fore-and-aft strokes to normally disengage the drive thereto,

said device including a first fiuid pressure motor comprising a cylinder,

a piston positioned within the cylinder for axial movement therein,

an elongate piston rod having one end thereof connected to said piston for axial movement therewith and having the other end projecting outwardly of the cylinder and being connectible with the clutch shifting mechanism, said piston rod being extensible and retractable at the end of the fore-and-aft stroke of the carriage to shift the clutch shifting mechanism from the normally drive disengaged position to a position with the drive means drivingly engaging the carriage,

a second fluid pressure motor including a cylinder,

a piston positioned within said second mentioned cylinder for axial movement therein,

an elongate piston rod having one end connected to said second mentioned piston and having the other end portion thereof engageable with the tool support and during extension and retraction thereof causing reciprocation of the tool support between work-engaging and return positions,

valve mechanism connected to a source of fluid under pressure and connected in fluid controlling communicating relation with said first and second cylinders respectively,

valve actuator means including an elongate valve actuating element having one end thereof connected with said first mentioned piston rod for movement therewith and having its other end connected with said valve mechanism to actuate the same whereby said valve mechanism is operable in response to movement of the carriage at the respective ends of the fore-andaft strokes of the latter to simultaneously actuate said first and second fluid pressure motors and thereby cause reversal in the direction of movement of the carriage simultaneously with shifting of the tool support between work-engaging and return positions.

2. The structure as defined in claim 1 and a second valve mechanism interposed in fluid controlling relation between said first valve mechanism and the source of fluid under pressure,

and mechanism operatively connected with the clutch shifting mechanism and cooperating therewith and with the carriage during terminal movement of the carriage in an aft direction at the end of a predetermined number of fore-and-aft strokes to cause shifting of the clutch shifting mechanism to the drive disengaged position and simultaneously actuating said second valve mechanism to prevent flow of fluid through said first mentioned valve mechanism.

3. A device for automatically controlling operation of a conventional lathe machine through a predetermined number of cycles during a threading operation, the lathe machine being of the type having a carriage mounted thereon for reciprocating movement in a fore-and-aft direction adjacent the Work piece, a tool support mounted on the carriage and having revolvable drive means for reciprocating the support transversely of the carriage between work-engaging and return positions, reversible drive means for shifting the carriage in a fore-and-aft direction including a conventional clutch means defining a disengageable drive connection wtih the carriage, and clutch shifting mechanism connected to the clutch rneans and being engageable by the carriage at the end of the foreand-aft strokes to normally disengage the drive thereto,

said device including a first fluid pressure motor comprising a cylinder,

a piston positioned wtihin the cylinder for axial movement therein,

an elongate piston rod having one end thereof connected to said piston for axial movement therewith and having the other end projecting outwardly of the cylinder and being connectible with the clutch shifting mechanism, said piston rod being extensible and retractable at the end of the respective fore-and aft strokes of the carriage to shift the clutch shifting mechanism from the normally drive disengaged position to a position where the drive means drivingly engages the carriage,

a second fluid pressure motor including a cylinder,

a piston positioned within said second mentioned cylinder for axial movement therein, an elongate piston rod having one end connected to said second mentioned piston for movement therewith and having a serrated edge surface adjacent the other end thereof, 7

a ring gear being mountable upon the tool support revolvable drive means for revolving the same and engaging said serrated surface of said second mentioned piston rod and cooperating therewith during extension and retraction of the second mentioned piston rod t'o cause reciprocation of the tool support between work-engaging and return positions,

valve mechanism connected to a source of fluid under pressure and connected in fluid communicating relation with said first and second cylinders respectively,

valve actuator means including an elongate actuating element having one end thereof connected with said first motioned piston rod for axial movement therewith and having its other end connected with said valve mechanism to actuate the same whereby said valve mechanism is operable in response to the movement of the carriage at the end of the fore-and-aft strokes of the latter to simultaneously actuate said first and second fluid pressure motors and thereby cause reversal in the direction of movement of the carriage simultaneously with shifting of the tool support between work-engaging and return positions.

4. The structure as defined in claim 3 and means for varying the length of strokes of said second mentioned piston rod during each successive stroke thereof, said stroke length-varying means including a stop engaging member carried by said second mentioned piston rod for movement therewith, automatically adjustable stop means mounted on said second mentioned cylinder exteriorly thereof being adjustable during each successive stroke of the second mentioned piston rod and being engageaole by the stop engaging member thereof during extension of the second mentioned piston rod to thereby vary the length of the stroke thereof and to automatically change the work-engaging position of the tool support, and means carried by said last mentioned piston rod and said adjustable stop means respectively for shifting the latter during retractive movement of said second mentioned piston rod.

5. A device for automatically controlling operation of a conventional lathe machine through a predetermined number of cycles during the threading operation, the lathe machine being of the type having a carriage mounted thereon for reciprocating movement in fore-and-aft direction adjacent the work piece, a tool support shiftably mounted on the carriage and having revolvable drive means operable for reciprocating the tool support transversely of the carriage between work-engaging and return positions, reversable drive means for shifting the carriage in a fore-and-aft direction including a conventional clutch means defining a disengageable drive connection with the carriage, a clutch shifting mechanism including an elongate axially shiftable control rod connected to the clutch means and being engageable by the carriage in the fore-and-aft strokes to normally disengage the drive thereto,

said device including a first pneumatic motor comprising a cylinder,

a piston positioned within the cylinder for axial movement therein,

an elongate piston rod having one end connected to said piston for axial movement therewith and having the other end projecting outwardly of the cylinder and being connectible with the clutch shifting mechanism, said piston rod being extensible and retractable at the end of the fore-and-aft strokes of the carriage to; shift the clutch shifting mechanism from the normally drive disengaging position to a position wherein the drive means drivingly engage the carriage,

a second pneumatic motor including a cylinder, having means thereon to permit mounting thereof on the carriage,

piston positioned within said second mentioned cylinder for axial movement therein, an elongate piston rod-having one end connected to said second mentioned piston and being axially rnovable therewith and having the other end portion clefining a rack engageable with the tool support drive means and being operable during extension thereof to shift the tool support to the work-engaging position, and shifting the tool support to the return position during retraction thereof,

a valve mechanism connected to a source of air under pressure and being connected in flow controlling communicating relation with said first and second pneumatic motors respectively, i

said valve mechanism. including a shiftable valve element being oriented during movement of the carriage in a forward direction to cause pneumatic pressure 1 i to the second mentioned pneumatic motor to extend the second mentioned piston rod and to thereby advance the tool support to the work-engaging Position, and being shittable at the end of the forward stroke of the carriage to shift the clutch shifting mechanism carriage simultaneously with shifting of the tool support between work-engaging and return positions.

1'13 ber of fore-and-aft strokes to permit the carriage to travel beyond its normal predetermined rearward position whereby to actuate the second valve mechanism to prevent the flow of air to said first valve mechanism simultaneously with disengagement of from the disengaged position to interconnect the drive 5 the drive to the carriage. means with the carriage for drive in an aft direction 7. The structure as defined in claim 6 and a stop enand simultaneously retracting the second mentioned gaging member mounted on said second mentioned piston piston rod to shift the tool support to the return rod for axial movement therewith, position, 10 a revolvable stop member mounted on said second menvalve actuator means including an elongate valve actutioned cylinder exteriorly thereof and having a pluating element having one end thereof connected with rality of stop elements or" varying axial lengths being said first mentioned piston rod for axial movement selectively shiftable into obstructing relation with said therewith and having the other end connected with stop member on the second mentioned piston rod, said valve element to shift the same whereby said a cam element carried by said second mentioned piston valve mechanism is operable in response to movea rod for movement therewith, ment of the carriage at the ends of the foreand-aft a plurality of cam follower surfaces on said revolvable strokes of the latter to simultaneously actuate said stop element being engageable by said cam element first and second fluid pressure motors and thereby during retraction of said second mentioned piston rod cause reversal in the direction of movement of the to shift said revolvable stop member whereby the length of the stroke of the second mentioned piston rod is varied during each successive stroke thereof.

6. The structure as defined in claim 5 and a second valve mechanism interposed in fiuid controlling relation between said first valve mechanism and the source of air References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS under pressure, 1,121,068 Chard Dec. '15, 1914 and mechanism operatively connected with the elongate 1,367,459 Carson Feb. 1, 192 1 control rod and cooperating therewith and with the 2,808,598 Mannaioni Oct. 8, 1957 carriage during terminal movement of the carriage in 2,854,822 Lee Oct. 7, 1958 an aft direction at the end of a predetermined num- 3,002,410 Lee ct. 3, 196 1

Claims (1)

1. A DEVICE FOR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLING OPERATION OF A CONVENTIONAL LATHE MACHINE THROUGH A PREDETERMINED NUMBER OF CYCLES DURING A THREADING OPERATION, THE LATHE MACHINE BEING OF THE TYPE HAVING A CARRIAGE MOUNTED THEREON FOR RECIPROCATING MOVEMENT IN A FORE-AND-AFT DIRECTION ADJACENT THE WORK PIECE, A TOOL SUPPORT MOUNTED ON THE CARRIAGE FOR RECIPROCATING TRANSVERSE MOVEMENT RELATIVE THERETO BETWEEN WORK-ENGAGING AND RETURN POSITIONS, REVERSIBLE DRIVE MEANS FOR SHIFTING THE CARRIAGE IN A FORE-AND-AFT DIRECTION INCLUDING A CONVENTIONAL CLUTCH MEANS DEFINING A DISENGAGEABLE DRIVE CONNECTION WITH THE CARRIAGE, AND A CLUTCH SHIFTING MECHANISM CONNECTED TO THE CLUTCH MEANS AND BEING ENGAGEABLE BY THE CARRIAGE AT THE ENDS OF THE RESPECTIVE FORE-AND-AFT STROKES TO NORMALLY DISENGAGE THE DRIVE THERETO, SAID DEVICE INCLUDING A FIRST FLUID PRESSURE MOTOR COMPRISING A CYLINDER, A PISTON POSITIONED WITHIN THE CYLINDER FOR AXIAL MOVEMENT THEREIN, AN ELONGATE PISTON ROD HAVING ONE END THEREOF CONNECTED TO SAID PISTON FOR AXIAL MOVEMENT THEREWITH AND HAVING THE OTHER END PROJECTING OUTWARDLY OF THE CYLINDER AND BEING CONNECTIBLE WITH THE CLUTCH SHIFTING MECHANISM, SAID PISTON ROD BEING EXTENSIBLE AND RETRACTABLE AT THE END OF THE FORE-AND-AFT STROKE OF THE CARRIAGE TO SHIFT THE CLUTCH SHIFTING MECHANISM FROM THE NORMALLY DRIVE DISENGAGED POSITION TO A POSITION WITH THE DRIVE MEANS DRIVINGLY ENGAGING THE CARRIAGE, A SECOND FLUID PRESSURE MOTOR INCLUDING A CYLINDER, A PISTON POSITIONED WITHIN SAID SECOND MENTIONED CYLINDER FOR AXIAL MOVEMENT THEREIN, AN ELONGATE PISTON ROD HAVING ONE END CONNECTED TO SAID SECOND MENTIONED PISTON AND HAVING THE OTHER END PORTION THEREOF ENGAGEABLE WITH THE TOOL SUPPORT AND DURING EXTENSION AND RETRACTION THEREOF CAUSING RECIPROCATION OF THE TOOL SUPPORT BETWEEN WORK-ENGAGING AND RETURN POSITIONS, VALVE MECHANISM CONNECTED TO A SOURCE OF FLUID UNDER PRESSURE AND CONNECTED IN FLUID CONTROLLING COMMUNICATING RELATION WITH SAID FIRST AND SECOND CYLINDERS RESPECTIVELY, VALVE ACTUATOR MEANS INCLUDING AN ELONGATE VALVE ACTUATING ELEMENT HAVING ONE END THEREOF CONNECTED WITH SAID FIRST MENTIONED PISTON ROD FOR MOVEMENT THEREWITH AND HAVING ITS OTHER END CONNECTED WITH SAID VALVE MECHANISM TO ACTUATE THE SAME WHEREBY SAID VALVE MECHANISM IS OPERABLE IN RESPONSE TO MOVEMENT OF THE CARRIAGE AT THE RESPECTIVE ENDS OF THE FORE-ANDAFT STROKES OF THE LATTER TO SIMULTANEOUSLY ACTUATE SAID FIRST AND SECOND FLUID PRESSURE MOTORS AND THEREBY CAUSE REVERSAL IN THE DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT OF THE CARRIAGE SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH SHIFTING OF THE TOOL SUPPORT BETWEEN WORK-ENGAGING AND RETURN POSITIONS.
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3363491A (en) * 1964-05-15 1968-01-16 Peter D. George Modular lathes
US3501984A (en) * 1966-09-15 1970-03-24 Warner Swasey Co Threading attachment
US3526161A (en) * 1967-09-22 1970-09-01 Voest Ag Combination of lathe and thread-cutting attachment
US3581610A (en) * 1969-05-26 1971-06-01 Lonergan Co J E Adjustable stop
US3613488A (en) * 1969-09-03 1971-10-19 Hardinge Brothers Inc Automatic positioning device for a lathe threading attachment
US3972250A (en) * 1975-09-02 1976-08-03 Reynolds William B Single point threading attachment with lead-screw rotational timing means
FR2314015A1 (en) * 1975-06-14 1977-01-07 Sauter Kg Feinmechanik A thread for lathes
US4685362A (en) * 1985-06-19 1987-08-11 Julius Mayer Quick-mount thread cutting attachment for lathes
US20040225068A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2004-11-11 Murali Rajagopalan Golf ball cores comprising a halogenated organosulfur compound

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1121068A (en) * 1909-09-22 1914-12-15 Lodge & Shipley Machine Tool Co Lathe.
US1367459A (en) * 1918-07-23 1921-02-01 Arthur Lynam Churchill Lathe
US2808598A (en) * 1951-03-06 1957-10-08 Mannaioni Righetto Screw thread cutting lathe
US2854822A (en) * 1954-01-20 1958-10-07 Luther E Lee Pneumohydraulic-electric system
US3002410A (en) * 1954-01-20 1961-10-03 Luther E Lee Power-operated tool holder

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1121068A (en) * 1909-09-22 1914-12-15 Lodge & Shipley Machine Tool Co Lathe.
US1367459A (en) * 1918-07-23 1921-02-01 Arthur Lynam Churchill Lathe
US2808598A (en) * 1951-03-06 1957-10-08 Mannaioni Righetto Screw thread cutting lathe
US2854822A (en) * 1954-01-20 1958-10-07 Luther E Lee Pneumohydraulic-electric system
US3002410A (en) * 1954-01-20 1961-10-03 Luther E Lee Power-operated tool holder

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3363491A (en) * 1964-05-15 1968-01-16 Peter D. George Modular lathes
US3501984A (en) * 1966-09-15 1970-03-24 Warner Swasey Co Threading attachment
US3526161A (en) * 1967-09-22 1970-09-01 Voest Ag Combination of lathe and thread-cutting attachment
US3581610A (en) * 1969-05-26 1971-06-01 Lonergan Co J E Adjustable stop
US3613488A (en) * 1969-09-03 1971-10-19 Hardinge Brothers Inc Automatic positioning device for a lathe threading attachment
FR2314015A1 (en) * 1975-06-14 1977-01-07 Sauter Kg Feinmechanik A thread for lathes
US3972250A (en) * 1975-09-02 1976-08-03 Reynolds William B Single point threading attachment with lead-screw rotational timing means
US4685362A (en) * 1985-06-19 1987-08-11 Julius Mayer Quick-mount thread cutting attachment for lathes
US20040225068A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2004-11-11 Murali Rajagopalan Golf ball cores comprising a halogenated organosulfur compound

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