US3112108A - Exercising apparatus with crankshaft operable selectively by foot pedals or hand levers - Google Patents

Exercising apparatus with crankshaft operable selectively by foot pedals or hand levers Download PDF

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Publication number
US3112108A
US3112108A US12155461A US3112108A US 3112108 A US3112108 A US 3112108A US 12155461 A US12155461 A US 12155461A US 3112108 A US3112108 A US 3112108A
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Prior art keywords
crankshaft
frame
pair
seat
levers
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Expired - Lifetime
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Clarence F Hanke
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Clarence F Hanke
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0214Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising by rotating cycling movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0002Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms
    • A63B22/001Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms by simultaneously exercising arms and legs, e.g. diagonally in anti-phase
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/06Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with support elements performing a rotating cycling movement, i.e. a closed path movement
    • A63B22/0605Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with support elements performing a rotating cycling movement, i.e. a closed path movement performing a circular movement, e.g. ergometers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0476Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs by rotating cycling movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0025Particular aspects relating to the orientation of movement paths of the limbs relative to the body; Relative relationship between the movements of the limbs
    • A63B2022/0035Upper limbs performing together the same movement, e.g. on a single support element

Description

Nov. 26, 1963 c F HANKE EXERCISING APPARATUS WIT'H ('JRANKSHAFT OPERABLE SELECTIVELY BY FOOT PEDALS OR HAND LEVERS Filed July 3, 1961 Fig./ 3 30 34 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Clarence F.

Hanks INVENTOR.

c. F. HANKE 3,112,108 ARATUS WITH CRANKSHAFT OPERABLE SELECTIVELY BY FOOT PEDALS OR HAND LEVERS Nov. 26, 1963 EXERCISING APP 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 3, 1961 United States Patent 3 112,108 EXERCISING APPARATUS WITH CRANKSHAFT OPERABLE SELECTIVELY BY FGOT PEDALS OR HAND LEVERS Clarence F. Hanke, P.0. Box 264, Okawville, Ill. Filed July 3, 1961, Ser. No. 121,554 4 Claims. (Cl. 272-58) This invention relates to new and useful improvements in exercising apparatus, and in particular the invention concerns itself with the provision of apparatus for exercising, developing, strengthening, articulating and coordinating the action of muscles of per-sons afflicted with paralysis or other diseases or injuries which impair their ability' to walk.

The principal object of the invention, therefore, is to provide an apparatus of the character herein described which may be conveniently and effectively employed by such persons for material improvement of their condition, if not for total relief, the apparatus being particularly well adapted for use by the patient himself in accordance with his individual physical requirements, and being adjustable in many structural respects to suit the patients needs.

Some other advantages of the invention reside in its simple construction, easy and convenient use, and in its adaptability to economical manufacture.

These together with other objects and advantages which will subsequently become apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals designate like parts throughout and in which:

FIGURE 1 is a top plan view of the exercising apparatus in accordance with the invention, with portions broken away to reveal its construction;

FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view thereof;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 3-3 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 44 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 5 is a sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 5-5 in FIGURE 4;

FIGURE 6 is a sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 6-6 in FIGURE 5; and

FIGURE 7 is an enlarged sectional detail, taken substantially in the plane of the line 77 in FIGURE 4.

Referring now to the accompanying drawings in detail, the exercising apparatus in accordance with the invention is designated generally by the numeral 10* and embodies in its construction a substantially rectangular open frame 12 supported in an elevated position by a plurality of legs 14, the frame including a pair of side members 16 and cross members 18, 2t), 22, as will be clearly apparent. The cross member 20, disposed intermediate the ends of the frame, constitutes a seat (also designated as 20) for accommodating a user as indicated by the dotted lines 24 in FIGURE 4, the user being disposed in a reclining position with his back resting on is backrest 26. The backrest is pivoted or hinged to the seat 20 for raising and lowering movement, this pivotal or hinged connection being illustrated at 28, and an extensible brace 30g provided with a bolt and slot adjustment 32, is employed for adjustably sustaining the backrest 26 in a selected position. The backrest may be lowered to a horizontal position substantially flush with the frame 12, wherein it is supported by abutment blocks 34 provided on the inside of the frame side members 16. A suitable cushioning pad or mattress 36 is provided on the seat 20' and backrest 26, for obvious reasons.

"ice

A crankshaft 38 extends transversely of the frame 12 in spaced relationfrom the seat 20 and is rotatably journalled in suitable bushings or bearings 40' provided in the side members 16 and also in a central frame reinforcing member 42 which extends from the cross member 13 to the seat 20. The crankshaft has two throws 44, spaced apart, having mounted thereon a pair of foot pedals 46. As is best shown in FIGURES 5 and 6, each of these pedals includes a base or sole plate 48, a heel rest 50 and an open toe cap 52, and a subplate 54 underlies the plate 48, being secured thereto by suitable bolts 56. A block 58- is secured to the underside of the sub-plate 54 and is formed with a transverse bore to accommodate the associated throw 44 of the crankshaft 38, the block being attached to the subplate by suitable bolts 59'.

The toe cap 52 may be adjustably attached to the plates 48, 54 by one of the aforementioned bolts 56 disposed in an arcuate slot 60 formed in the plates 48, 54, and it will be noted that the underside of the block 58 is provided with an eye 62, the purpose of which will be hereinafter described.

A pair of oscillatory hand levers 64 are pivoted as at 66 to the frame side members '16 at the opposite sides of the seat 20' and project upwardly therefrom, and these levers are operatively connected by extensible links 68 to a pair of discs 70 secured to the ends of the crankshaft 38 for rotation therewith. The length of the links 68 is adjustable by means of a bolt and slot adjustment 72, and it will be apparent that when the apparatus is in use with the patient or user in a reclining position on the seat 20 and backrest 26 having his feet engaged with the foot pedals 46 and his hands grasping the levers 64, rotation imparted to the crankshaft by the feet will be transmitted through the links 68 to the levers 64 for oscillating the latter and moving the patients arms therewith. Also, movement of the arms causing oscillation of the levers will produce or assist in the production of rotation of the crankshaft, thus correspondingly moving the patients feet in the foot pedals. Moreover, if the use of hands is not required to assist movement of the feet, nevertheless, rotation of the crankshaft caused by movement of the feet will produce a movement of the arms for training the patient to coordinate arm movement with leg movement as in the course of normal walking.

Means are also provide-d for introducing a variable resistance to rotation of the crankshaft 38 so as to progressively train the patient in strengthening of his muscles. These means comprise adjustable weights 74 connected to cords or cables 76 which pass over a pair of pulleys 78 at the underside of a cross bar 89 of a suitable supporting structure or framework 82 which may be either separate from the frame 12 as shown, or structurally joined to the frame, as desired. After passing over the pulleys 78, the cables 76 pass under a pair of guide pulleys 84 carried by the cross member 18 and are connected to the aforementioned eyes 62 of the two foot pedals 46. Although the arrangement is such that during rotation of the crankshaft 38 the cables 76 cause one of the weights 74 to rise while the other weight falls, the effective mass of the two weights may' be individually varied so that either is heavier than the other, thus offering a greater resistance to rotation of the crankshaft by either foot.

A transverse hand bar 86, provided at the ends thereof with mounting arms 88, may be attached to the levers 64 so that it is disposed above the seat 20 and backrest 36, whereby the patient may grasp either the hand bar or the hand levers, as desired, during the exercise.

The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation as described and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.

What is claimed as new is:

1. In an exercising apparatus, the combination of a horizontal supporting frame, means including a seat and a backrest on said frame for accommodating a user in a reclining position, a crankshaft rotatably journalled in the frame in spaced relation from said seat, a pair of oppositely directed throws on said crankshaft, a pair of foot pedals provided on said throws, a pair of hand levers pivoted to the frame at opposite sides of said seat for oscillating movement in planes parallel to said frame, a pair of plates secured to the opposite ends of said crankshaft and rotatable therewith, and a pair of links interconnecting the lever and plate at each side of the frame, each link being secured to the plate at a point spaced radially outward from the point of securernent to the crankshaft thereby providing for rotation of the crankshaft by oscillation of the levers and oscillation of the levers by rotation of the crankshaft.

2. The device as defined in claim 1 wherein each link is adjustable and includes two elongated members having a bolt and slot adjustment therebetween.

3. The device as defined in claim 2 together with a transverse hand bar connected to and extending between the levers for movement therewith.

4. The device as defined in claim 3 wherein each of said foot pedals includes a bottom plate, a heel rest and an open toe cap provided on said bottom plate, a subplate underlying said bottom plate, said sub-plate being rotatably' secured to the crankshaft, and means adjustably securing said bottom plate to said sub-plate for transverse adjustment, said bottom plate adapted to be secured in a variety of transverse adjusted positions.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Paul July 23, 1940 Silver-ton et al Sept. 14, 1954 Diego Feb. 7, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS Australia May 26, 1949 Austria May 10, 1961 25 (Corresponding to US. No. 3,017,180, Jan. 16, 1962)

Claims (1)

1. IN AN EXERCISING APPARATUS, THE COMBINATION OF A HORIZONTAL SUPPORTING FRAME, MEANS INCLUDING A SEAT AND A BACKREST ON SAID FRAME FOR ACCOMMODATING A USER IN A RECLINING POSITION, A CRANKSHAFT ROTATABLY JOURNALLED IN THE FRAME IN SPACED RELATION FROM SAID SEAT, A PAIR OF OPPOSITELY DIRECTED THROWS ON SAID CRANKSHAFT, A PAIR OF FOOT PEDALS PROVIDED ON SAID THROWS, A PAIR OF HAND LEVERS PIVOTED TO THE FRAME AT OPPOSITE SIDES OF SAID SEAT FOR OSCILLATING MOVEMENT IN PLANES PARALLEL TO SAID FRAME, A PAIR OF PLATES SECURED TO THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF SAID CRANKSHAFT AND ROTATABLE THEREWITH, AND A PAIR OF LINKS INTERCONNECTING THE LEVER AND PLATE AT EACH SIDE OF THE FRAME, EACH LINK BEING SECURED TO THE PLATE AT A POINT SPACED RADIALLY OUTWARD FROM THE POINT OF SECUREMENT TO THE CRANKSHAFT THEREBY PROVIDING FOR ROTATION OF THE CRANKSHAFT BY OSCILLATION OF THE LEVERS AND OSCILLATION OF THE LEVERS BY ROTATION OF THE CRANKSHAFT.
US3112108A 1961-07-03 1961-07-03 Exercising apparatus with crankshaft operable selectively by foot pedals or hand levers Expired - Lifetime US3112108A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3189344A (en) * 1962-07-16 1965-06-15 Theodore S Swarts Body exerciser
US3198192A (en) * 1963-03-07 1965-08-03 Helen T O'brien Slipper cast
US3269768A (en) * 1964-09-14 1966-08-30 John C Kinney Invalid's chair
US3342485A (en) * 1965-03-18 1967-09-19 Gaul Martin Exercising bench comprising hinged and adjustable seating portions
US3747924A (en) * 1971-08-30 1973-07-24 E Champoux Out-of-phase pedals oscillated exercising device
US3831935A (en) * 1971-09-23 1974-08-27 H Hofle Movable platform exerciser
US4149713A (en) * 1977-06-08 1979-04-17 Mcleod Ruffin C Weight lifting device for the lower extremities
US4169589A (en) * 1977-09-28 1979-10-02 Mcarthur James A Leg exercising apparatus
US4188030A (en) * 1976-10-18 1980-02-12 Repco Limited Cycle exerciser
US4336934A (en) * 1981-02-27 1982-06-29 Corbin Gentry, Inc. Rowing exercise machine
US4519604A (en) * 1983-07-29 1985-05-28 Raymond Arzounian Exercise machine
US4534553A (en) * 1982-09-07 1985-08-13 Shirley Steven E Exercise apparatus
US4542898A (en) * 1981-10-05 1985-09-24 Harold Grushkin Combination manually and inertia propelled ski-motion exercise machine
US4549733A (en) * 1983-02-04 1985-10-29 Alan Salyer Weight type exercising device
US4635933A (en) * 1982-11-27 1987-01-13 Josef Schnell Training apparatus
US4657244A (en) * 1986-07-31 1987-04-14 Ross Bicycles, Inc. Exercise bicycle
US4712789A (en) * 1987-04-10 1987-12-15 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exercisers
US4722522A (en) * 1987-01-15 1988-02-02 John Lundgren Exercise machine
US4768776A (en) * 1987-03-30 1988-09-06 Anthony Giannotti Rowing exercise machine extension
US4773399A (en) * 1982-04-02 1988-09-27 Richardson Ken O Exercising device
EP0308587A1 (en) * 1987-09-21 1989-03-29 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exerciser
US4880225A (en) * 1988-07-28 1989-11-14 Diversified Products Corporation Dual action cycle exerciser
US4928957A (en) * 1988-12-02 1990-05-29 University Of Tennessee Research Corporation Exercise apparatus for actively exercising the upper body while passively exercising the lower body
US5250013A (en) * 1992-01-24 1993-10-05 John Brangi Exercise machine
US5343856A (en) * 1992-11-18 1994-09-06 Proctor Alfred E Complete body passive exercise machine
US5496238A (en) * 1992-11-19 1996-03-05 Taylor; Douglas B. Physical conditioning apparatus
US7172532B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2007-02-06 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise device tubing

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2209034A (en) * 1936-12-16 1940-07-23 Paul Rene Physical education apparatus
US2689127A (en) * 1952-07-01 1954-09-14 Richard G Silverton Table exercising machine
US2733922A (en) * 1956-02-07 diego
US3017180A (en) * 1958-11-04 1962-01-16 Aronsohn Allan Exercising and gymnastics appliances

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2733922A (en) * 1956-02-07 diego
US2209034A (en) * 1936-12-16 1940-07-23 Paul Rene Physical education apparatus
US2689127A (en) * 1952-07-01 1954-09-14 Richard G Silverton Table exercising machine
US3017180A (en) * 1958-11-04 1962-01-16 Aronsohn Allan Exercising and gymnastics appliances

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3189344A (en) * 1962-07-16 1965-06-15 Theodore S Swarts Body exerciser
US3198192A (en) * 1963-03-07 1965-08-03 Helen T O'brien Slipper cast
US3269768A (en) * 1964-09-14 1966-08-30 John C Kinney Invalid's chair
US3342485A (en) * 1965-03-18 1967-09-19 Gaul Martin Exercising bench comprising hinged and adjustable seating portions
US3747924A (en) * 1971-08-30 1973-07-24 E Champoux Out-of-phase pedals oscillated exercising device
US3831935A (en) * 1971-09-23 1974-08-27 H Hofle Movable platform exerciser
US4188030A (en) * 1976-10-18 1980-02-12 Repco Limited Cycle exerciser
US4149713A (en) * 1977-06-08 1979-04-17 Mcleod Ruffin C Weight lifting device for the lower extremities
US4169589A (en) * 1977-09-28 1979-10-02 Mcarthur James A Leg exercising apparatus
US4336934A (en) * 1981-02-27 1982-06-29 Corbin Gentry, Inc. Rowing exercise machine
US4542898A (en) * 1981-10-05 1985-09-24 Harold Grushkin Combination manually and inertia propelled ski-motion exercise machine
US4773399A (en) * 1982-04-02 1988-09-27 Richardson Ken O Exercising device
US4534553A (en) * 1982-09-07 1985-08-13 Shirley Steven E Exercise apparatus
US4635933A (en) * 1982-11-27 1987-01-13 Josef Schnell Training apparatus
US4549733A (en) * 1983-02-04 1985-10-29 Alan Salyer Weight type exercising device
US4519604A (en) * 1983-07-29 1985-05-28 Raymond Arzounian Exercise machine
US4657244A (en) * 1986-07-31 1987-04-14 Ross Bicycles, Inc. Exercise bicycle
US4722522A (en) * 1987-01-15 1988-02-02 John Lundgren Exercise machine
US4768776A (en) * 1987-03-30 1988-09-06 Anthony Giannotti Rowing exercise machine extension
US4712789A (en) * 1987-04-10 1987-12-15 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exercisers
EP0308587A1 (en) * 1987-09-21 1989-03-29 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exerciser
US4880225A (en) * 1988-07-28 1989-11-14 Diversified Products Corporation Dual action cycle exerciser
US4928957A (en) * 1988-12-02 1990-05-29 University Of Tennessee Research Corporation Exercise apparatus for actively exercising the upper body while passively exercising the lower body
US5250013A (en) * 1992-01-24 1993-10-05 John Brangi Exercise machine
US5343856A (en) * 1992-11-18 1994-09-06 Proctor Alfred E Complete body passive exercise machine
US5496238A (en) * 1992-11-19 1996-03-05 Taylor; Douglas B. Physical conditioning apparatus
US7172532B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2007-02-06 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise device tubing
US7226393B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2007-06-05 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise bicycle
US7364533B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2008-04-29 Nautilus, Inc. Adjustment assembly for exercise device
US7771325B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2010-08-10 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise bicycle

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