US3085435A - Method and apparatus for determining conditions at spaced points within a chamber - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for determining conditions at spaced points within a chamber Download PDF

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Publication number
US3085435A
US3085435A US1522760A US3085435A US 3085435 A US3085435 A US 3085435A US 1522760 A US1522760 A US 1522760A US 3085435 A US3085435 A US 3085435A
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Prior art keywords
tube
furnace
end
flange
sampling
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Expired - Lifetime
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Anthony J Miscoe
Jr Harry R Pratt
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United States Steel Corp
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United States Steel Corp
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21BMANUFACTURE OF IRON OR STEEL
    • C21B7/00Blast furnaces
    • C21B7/24Test rods or other checking devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/22Devices for withdrawing samples in the gaseous state
    • G01N1/26Devices for withdrawing samples in the gaseous state with provision for intake from several spaces

Description

April 1963 A. J. MISCOE ETAL METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING CONDITIONS AT SPACED POINTS WITHIN A CHAMBER Flled March 15, 1960 INVENTORS ANTHONY J. M/S'COE and HARRY R. PRATT, JA 5 g 9 Zfif y x )5 Al omey ES 3326 .28 EE ma num 3,i)35,435 METHOD AND APEARA'EUSB FUR DETElth EENENQ CUNDETEUNS Ail SPACED PUENTS Willillhl A CHAMBER Anthony ll. Miscoe and Harry R. Pratt, .lin, Pittsburgh,

ll a., assignors to United States Steel Corporation, a corporation of New Jersey I Filed Mar. 15, 1969, Ser. No. 15,227

3 Ulaims. (til. 73-344) This invention relates to a method and apparatus for determining conditions at spaced points within a chamber and more particularly to the determination of conditions along a diameter of an iron-producing blast furnace. .Prior to applicants invention, devices used for this purpose had to be forced through the burden materials during furnace operation to the position where a condition was to be determined. After the conditions at this one point were determined it was necessary to move the device to determine the conditions at a different point. Since this movement required considerable time and since the conditions vary continuously it was impossible to obtain an accurate evaluation of the conditions within the furnace. Also because of the sliding action of the device through the burden material, gas leakage at the packing gland often occurred, thus creating toxic and explosive conditions.

It is therefore an object of our invention to provide apparatus for determining conditions at spaced positions within the furnace at approximately the same time.

Another object is to provide such apparatus which can be permanently installed.

A still further object is to provide a method of determining conditions such .as temperature, gas analysis and pressures almost simultaneously at spaced points along a diameter of a blast furnace.

These and other objects will be more apparent after referring to the following specification and attached drawings, in which:

FlGURE 1 is a sectional view showing the device of our invention installed in a blast furnace;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged view taken on the line IIII of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged view taken on the line Ill-Ill of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 4 is a view, partly in section, showing the apparatus installed in a blast furnace with thermocouples extending into the blast furnace and a temperature recorder connected to the thermocouples;

-FlGURE 5 is a fragmentary view, similar to FIGURE 4, showing a pressure recorder connected to the sampling device; and

FEGURE 6 is a fragmentary view, similar to FIGURE 5, but showing gas analyzing equipment attached to the sampling device.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, reference numeral 2 indicates the wall of a blast furnace having the usual metal shell 4. A tube 6 passes through a horizontal opening 8 in the wall of the furnace with a flange 16 being connected to the outer end of the tube. The tube 6 is preferably welded to the shell 4 by means of a gas-tight weld. Probe tube 12 extends from the outside of the furnace through the opening in tube 6 and through the furnace to the diametrically opposite portion of the wall 2. A recess 14 is provided in the wall 2 for receiving closed end 16 of the tube 12. A plurality of longitudinally spaced holes 13 are provided in the wall of the tube 12 along the bottom thereof. While five such holes are shown the number may vary as desired. The open end of the tube 12 has a flange 2i Welded thereto. The flange 2b is fastened to the flange 3,d35,d35 Patented Apr. 16, 1953 ill in the usual manner, as shown, by means of bolts 22. Five sampling tubes 2 25, 26, 27 and 28 are welded to and extend through the flange 2%) to the outside thereof. The inner ends of the tubes extend into the associated hole 18 and are welded to the tube 12. Two water cool ing tubes 29 and 3t) extend through and are welded to the flange 20. The outer end of the tubes 29 and 30 are connected to the usual source of cooling water and the inner ends terminate adjacent the closed end 16 of tube 6. The cooling water is discharged from the tube 12 through an opening 32 in the flange 20. To install the sampling tubes 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28 in the tube 6 it may be necessary to split the tube 6 into upper and lower halves. After fastening the sampling tubes in the lower half of tube 6, the two halves can be reunited by welding along their longitudinal edges.

When determining temperatures, thermocouples 34A, 3418, 34(1, 341) and 3 5E are inserted through the sampling tubes 24 to 23 with their ends extending into the furnace chamber. Lead wires 36 connect the thermocouples to a single pen strip chart recorder 33 through a sequence timer and switching unit 49. The operation is such that thermocouple 34A is first connected to the recorder 30 to indicate temperature A after which the sequence temperature and switclung unit it) connects the thermocouple 343 to the recorder 38 to record temperature B. In the same manner the recorder 38 is connected successively to thermocouples 34C, 34D and 34E to record temperatures C, D and E. Thus the chart shows a profile of the temperatures across the furnace. If desired a multiple pen strip chart recorder may be used to record the temperatures simultaneously with the sequence timer and switching unit 49 being omitted.

When determining pressure conditions within the furnace each of the tubes 24 to 28 is connected to a multiple pen pressure recorder 42 as shown in FIGURE 5. When determining the analyses of gases within the furnace each of the tubes 24- to 28 is connected to a standard flue gas analyzer 44.

While one embodiment of our invention has been shown and described, it will be apparent that other adaptations and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of. the following claims.

We claim:

1. The method of determining conditions at spaced points along a diameter of a blast furnace which comprises inserting a probe tube into the blast furnace, said probe tube having a plurality of sampling tubes therein extending from the outside of said furnace and opening downwardly into said furnace at spaced points along the length of the tube, inserting thermocouples in each of said sampling tubes with their hot junctions within said furnace, approximately simultaneously taking temperature readings on said thermocouples, connecting said sampling tubes to gas analyzing apparatus and analyzing the gas at spaced points in said furnace at approximately the same time, and connecting said sampling tubes to pressure gages to determine the pressure at spaced points in said furnace at approximately the same time.

2. Apparatus for determining conditions at spaced points across a blast furnace comprising a cylindrical tube extending through the wall of said furnace below the burden therein toward the opposite side thereof, the inner end of said tube in said furnace being closed and the outer end open, a flange attached to the wall of said furnace and surrounding the said open end of the tube, said tube having a plurality of longitudinally spaced downwardly facing holes in the wall thereof, a second flange attached to the open end of said tube, means securing said second flange to said first named flange, a plurality of sampling tubes extending through and attached to said second flange,

the inner end of each sampling tube being attached to the wall of said first named tube at one of said holes, means for connecting gas sampling apparatus to the outer end of each sampling tube, a thermocouple extending through each of said sampling tubes to the outlet end thereof, a cooling water tube extending through and attached to said second flange with its inner end terminating adjacent said closed end of said first named tube, and means connected to said second flange for removing cooling water from said first named tube.

3. Apparatus for determining conditions at spaced points along a diameter of a blast furnace comprising a cylindrical tube having a closed end supported by the wall of the blast furnace below the burden therein and an open end extending through the wall of the blast furnace at a point diametrically oppositethe support of the closed end, a flange attached to said blast furnace and surrounding the said open end of the tube, said tube having a plurality of longitudinally spaced downwardly facing holes in the wall thereof adjacent-the bottom thereof, a second flange attached to the open end of said tube, means securing said second flange to said first named flange, a plurality of sampling tubes extending through and attached to said second flange, the inner end of each sampling tube being attached to the Wall of said first named tube at one of said holes, means for connecting gas sampling apparatus to the outer end of each sampling tube, a thermocouple extending through each of said sampling tubes to the outlet end thereof, a cooling Water tube extending through and attached to said second flange with its inner end terminating adjacent said closed end of said first named tube, and means connected to said second flange for removing cooling Water from said first named tube.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,809,324 Austin et a1 June 9, 1931 2,260,794 Steudel Oct. 28, 1941 2,534,181 Roberts Dec. 12, 1950 2,761,319 Whitener et al Sept. 4, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 718,766 Germany Mar. 20, 1942

Claims (1)

  1. 2. APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING CONDITIONS AT SPACED POINTS ACROSS A BLAST FURNACE COMPRISING A CYLINDRICAL TUBE EXTENDING THROUGH THE WALL OF SAID FURNACE BELOW THE BURDEN THEREIN TOWARD THE OPPOSITE SIDE THEREOF, THE INNER END OF SAID TUBE IN SAID FURNACE BEING CLOSED AND THE OUTER END OPEN, A FLANGE ATTACHED TO THE WALL OF SAID FURNACE AND SURROUNDING THE SAID OPEN END OF THE TUBE, SAID TUBE HAVING A PLURALITY OF LONGITUDINALLY SPACED DOWNWARDLY FACING HOLES IN THE WALL THEREOF, A SECOND FLANGE ATTACHED TO THE OPEN END OF SAID TUBE, MEANS SECURING SAID SECOND FLANGE TO SAID FIRST NAMED FLANGE, A PLURALITY OF SAMPLING TUBES EXTENDING THROUGH AND ATTACHED TO SAID SECOND FLANGE, THE INNER END OF EACH SAMPLING TUBE BEING ATTACHED TO THE WALL OF SAID FIRST NAMED TUBE AT ONE OF SAID HOLES, MEANS FOR CONNECTING GAS SAMPLING APPARATUS TO THE OUTER END OF EACH SAMPLING TUBE, A THERMOCOUPLE EXTENDING THROUGH EACH OF SAID SAMPLING TUBES TO THE OUTLET END THEREOF, A COOLING WATER TUBE EXTENDING THROUGH AND ATTACHED TO SAID SECOND FLANGE WITH ITS INNER END TERMINATING ADJACENT SAID CLOSED END OF SAID FIRST NAMED TUBE, AND MEANS CONNECTED TO SAID SECOND FLANGE FOR REMOVING COOLING WATER FROM SAID FIRST NAMED TUBE.
US3085435A 1960-03-15 1960-03-15 Method and apparatus for determining conditions at spaced points within a chamber Expired - Lifetime US3085435A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3152479A (en) * 1963-03-04 1964-10-13 United States Steel Corp Blast furnace probe
US3229526A (en) * 1963-08-26 1966-01-18 United States Steel Corp Blast furnace probe
US3511099A (en) * 1968-09-05 1970-05-12 Us Air Force Replaceable tip gas sampling probe
US3888123A (en) * 1972-09-05 1975-06-10 Wurth Anciens Ets Paul Apparatus for taking gas samples in shaft furnaces
FR2319124A1 (en) * 1975-07-24 1977-02-18 Wurth Anciens Ets Paul Device for extracting gaseous samples and thermal measurement, above the bed of fusion of a shaft furnace
US4098122A (en) * 1975-08-05 1978-07-04 The Broken Hill Propietary Company Limited Temperature probes
EP0056943A2 (en) * 1981-01-23 1982-08-04 Paul Wurth S.A. Gas sampling and temperature measuring probe in a shaft furnace
US5161417A (en) * 1990-10-26 1992-11-10 Nalco Chemical Company Dual phase sampler
US5287758A (en) * 1991-01-26 1994-02-22 Behringwerke Ag Temperature controlled pipette tube
US5463908A (en) * 1992-03-30 1995-11-07 Rosolia; Antonio Apparatus for sampling and registering fluids in pipelines
US5568722A (en) * 1994-06-22 1996-10-29 Abb Management Ag Emission probe for the removal of exhaust gas from the combustion chamber of a gas turbine
US20030064519A1 (en) * 2000-02-11 2003-04-03 Andre Fuegier Method and apparatus for determining the progress of a chemical reaction in a furnace and for controlling the reaction
US20070214899A1 (en) * 2006-03-20 2007-09-20 Goodwin Michael E Sampling ports and related container systems

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1809324A (en) * 1927-08-30 1931-06-09 American Smelting Refining Apparatus for blast furnace control
US2260794A (en) * 1939-07-22 1941-10-28 George E Steudel Apparatus for testing interior furnace conditions
DE718766C (en) * 1939-01-07 1942-03-20 Bochumer Ver Fuer Gussstahlfab Device for determining the Gasstroemung in blast furnaces o. The like. Kilns
US2534181A (en) * 1947-12-22 1950-12-12 Roberts Noble James Fluid sampling apparatus
US2761319A (en) * 1955-03-15 1956-09-04 Boeing Co Pressure averaging device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1809324A (en) * 1927-08-30 1931-06-09 American Smelting Refining Apparatus for blast furnace control
DE718766C (en) * 1939-01-07 1942-03-20 Bochumer Ver Fuer Gussstahlfab Device for determining the Gasstroemung in blast furnaces o. The like. Kilns
US2260794A (en) * 1939-07-22 1941-10-28 George E Steudel Apparatus for testing interior furnace conditions
US2534181A (en) * 1947-12-22 1950-12-12 Roberts Noble James Fluid sampling apparatus
US2761319A (en) * 1955-03-15 1956-09-04 Boeing Co Pressure averaging device

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3152479A (en) * 1963-03-04 1964-10-13 United States Steel Corp Blast furnace probe
US3229526A (en) * 1963-08-26 1966-01-18 United States Steel Corp Blast furnace probe
US3511099A (en) * 1968-09-05 1970-05-12 Us Air Force Replaceable tip gas sampling probe
US3888123A (en) * 1972-09-05 1975-06-10 Wurth Anciens Ets Paul Apparatus for taking gas samples in shaft furnaces
FR2319124A1 (en) * 1975-07-24 1977-02-18 Wurth Anciens Ets Paul Device for extracting gaseous samples and thermal measurement, above the bed of fusion of a shaft furnace
US4098122A (en) * 1975-08-05 1978-07-04 The Broken Hill Propietary Company Limited Temperature probes
EP0056943A2 (en) * 1981-01-23 1982-08-04 Paul Wurth S.A. Gas sampling and temperature measuring probe in a shaft furnace
EP0056943A3 (en) * 1981-01-23 1982-08-18 Paul Wurth S.A. Gas sampling and temperature measuring probe in a shaft furnace
US4403516A (en) * 1981-01-23 1983-09-13 Paul Wurth S.A. Furnace probe
US5161417A (en) * 1990-10-26 1992-11-10 Nalco Chemical Company Dual phase sampler
US5287758A (en) * 1991-01-26 1994-02-22 Behringwerke Ag Temperature controlled pipette tube
US5463908A (en) * 1992-03-30 1995-11-07 Rosolia; Antonio Apparatus for sampling and registering fluids in pipelines
US5568722A (en) * 1994-06-22 1996-10-29 Abb Management Ag Emission probe for the removal of exhaust gas from the combustion chamber of a gas turbine
US20030064519A1 (en) * 2000-02-11 2003-04-03 Andre Fuegier Method and apparatus for determining the progress of a chemical reaction in a furnace and for controlling the reaction
US7374940B2 (en) * 2000-02-11 2008-05-20 Societe Franco-Belge De Fabrication De Combustible-Fbfc Method and apparatus for determining the progress of a uranium oxyfluoride conversion reaction in a furnace and for controlling the reaction
US20070214899A1 (en) * 2006-03-20 2007-09-20 Goodwin Michael E Sampling ports and related container systems
US7487688B2 (en) * 2006-03-20 2009-02-10 Hyclone Laboratories, Inc. Sampling ports and related container systems
US20090126515A1 (en) * 2006-03-20 2009-05-21 Hyclone Laboratories, Inc. Sampling ports and related container systems
US7878079B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2011-02-01 Hyclone Laboratories, Inc. Sampling ports and related container systems
US20110113900A1 (en) * 2006-03-20 2011-05-19 Hyclone Laboratories, Inc. Sampling ports and related container systems
US8794825B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2014-08-05 Life Technologies Corporation Sampling ports and related container systems
US9726551B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2017-08-08 Life Technologies Corporation Probe port and related container system
EP1837640A3 (en) * 2006-03-20 2018-01-10 Hyclone Laboratories, Inc. Sampling ports and related container systems

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