US308179A - Fire-escape - Google Patents

Fire-escape Download PDF

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US308179A
US308179A US308179DA US308179A US 308179 A US308179 A US 308179A US 308179D A US308179D A US 308179DA US 308179 A US308179 A US 308179A
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sections
fire
escape
ladder
lugs
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06CLADDERS
    • E06C1/00Ladders in general
    • E06C1/52Ladders in general with non-rigid longitudinal members
    • E06C1/56Rope or chain ladders

Description

(No Model.) .v I

H. T. LINNENBRINK.

FIRE ESCAPE.

No. 308,179. Patented Nov. 18, 18841.-

fitter-liar];

N PETms. Plww-Ulhugraphun Wmhinginm n. c

NITED STATES ATENT Fries.

HENRY T. LIN N EN BRIN K, OF ROCHESTER, PENNSYLVANIA.

FIRE-ESCAPE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 30?,179, dated November 18, 1884:

Application filed September 26, 1884. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, HENRY T. LINNEN- BRINK, a citizen of the United States, residing at Rochester, in the county of Beaver and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Fire-Escapes, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawlngs.

My invention relates to fire-escape ladders; andit has for its object to provide a device of this character which may be folded to occupy the minimum amount of space, and one in which the sections will, when extended, become rigid.

A further object of the invention is to provide'a fire-escape ladder which shall be simple in its construction, and one that will be strong and durable.

1th these ends in View the invention consists in the improved construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, and pointed out in the claim.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a front elevation of a fire-escape ladder constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal section, and Fig. 3 is a detail view of the spring-plate carrying the steps or lugs; and Fig. 4 is a modification.

1n the accompanying drawings, in which like letters of reference indicate correspond ing parts in all the figures, A represents the ladder, which consists of a series of sections, B 0. Each of the sections B (1 consists of the sides a b, which are provided at their upper and lower ends with a hole or opening. The ends of the sections B fit between those of the sections 0, and said sections are pivoted together by means of rods 0, the ends of which are screwthreadedand extend beyond the sides of the sections composing the ladder, said rods being held in place by nuts (Z. It will be seen that the rods 0 serve two purposes na1nely, pivoting the sections togcther, and serving as rounds upon which to step when making a descent. Upon the outer sides of the side strips a of the sections 0 are provided lugs or posts 6. Upon each side of the sections 0, fitted on the posts 0, are flat springs f, carrying at their ends, upon the inner sides thereof, lugs g. These flat springs extend nearly the entire length of the sections 0, and the lugs g are adapted to engage holes or openings in the ends of the sections B O, which register when the ladder is extended, as shown in Fig. 1. It will thus be seen that said sections are held rigid. Brackets may be secured to the wall of the building the sliding bolt with its lower end, while the upper end of said spring would bear against the inner side of the casing.

The ladder above described is preferably at tached to the base-board or floor of a room by means of chains, and when not in use is folded. When it is desired, to use the ladder, the same is raised and dropped from the window. In dropping, the sections straighten out, and as soon as the sections have assumed this position the openings at the ends of the said sections will register and will be immediately engaged by the spring-pressed lugs or bolts. In case the flat spring is used it will be seen that to disengage the lugs, in order that the sections may be folded, it is necessary only to depress said springs at their center, which will raise their ends from the openings and allow the sections to be folded, the springs being allowed sufficient vertical play upon the posts to admit of their ends being raised when they are depressed between said posts.

The above-described ladder is simple in its construction, may be folded to occupy a small space, is positive in its operation, and is extremely strong and durable.

Having fully described my invention,what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

A fire-escape ladder consisting of a series of pivoted sections, fiat springs secured to the sides of one of said sections, and lugs formed upon the ends of said springs, said lugs being adapted to engage holes or openings formed in the ends of each of said sections, substantially as set forth.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.

HENRY T. LINNENBRINK.

W'itnesses:

H. S. MoGoUN, R. A. SMITH.

US308179D Fire-escape Expired - Lifetime US308179A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3055452A (en) * 1961-02-16 1962-09-25 Constantine C Bourdunis Emergency exit means
US4067413A (en) * 1975-08-04 1978-01-10 Herbert Olsen Collapsible ladders
US4448283A (en) * 1982-09-13 1984-05-15 Andral Corporation Portable fold-up ladder
US4457391A (en) * 1981-01-26 1984-07-03 Andral Corporation Fold-up ladder
US4493392A (en) * 1981-01-26 1985-01-15 Andral Corp Convertible fold-up ladder
US4926967A (en) * 1988-07-27 1990-05-22 Baker Mervyn R Folding ladders
US20150224379A1 (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-13 Pro Performance Sports, L.L.C. Agility ladder

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3055452A (en) * 1961-02-16 1962-09-25 Constantine C Bourdunis Emergency exit means
US4067413A (en) * 1975-08-04 1978-01-10 Herbert Olsen Collapsible ladders
US4457391A (en) * 1981-01-26 1984-07-03 Andral Corporation Fold-up ladder
US4493392A (en) * 1981-01-26 1985-01-15 Andral Corp Convertible fold-up ladder
US4448283A (en) * 1982-09-13 1984-05-15 Andral Corporation Portable fold-up ladder
US4926967A (en) * 1988-07-27 1990-05-22 Baker Mervyn R Folding ladders
US20150224379A1 (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-13 Pro Performance Sports, L.L.C. Agility ladder
US9675830B2 (en) * 2014-02-13 2017-06-13 Pro Performance Sports, L.L.C. Agility ladder

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