US304219A - Apparatus for filling bottles - Google Patents

Apparatus for filling bottles Download PDF

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US304219A
US304219A US304219DA US304219A US 304219 A US304219 A US 304219A US 304219D A US304219D A US 304219DA US 304219 A US304219 A US 304219A
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valve
pipe
base
cylinder
spouts
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B11/00Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
    • B05B11/30Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus the flow being effected by a pump
    • B05B11/3001Piston pumps
    • B05B11/3015Piston pumps actuated without substantial movement of the nozzle in the direction of the pressure stroke

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1,
J. B. ME TZGER.
APPARATUS FOR FILLING BOTTLES. No. 804,219. Patented Aug. 26,1884.
(No Model.) -2 Sheets- Sheet 2.
- J. B. METZGER.
. APPARATUS FOR FILLING BOTTLES. No. 304,219. Patented Aug.26,1884.
UNTTEE STATES JOHN PATENTv @ETTQE.
METZGER, OF XVILLIAMSPORT, PENNSYLVANIA.
APPARATUS FOR FILLING BOTTLES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 304,219, dated August 26, 188%.
A pnlicatiou filed August 10, 1883. (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOHN B. METZGER, of Villiamsport, in the county of Lycoming and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain ters of reference marked thereon, which form part of this specification.
My invention is designed particularly for filling one or more bottles at a time from a small reservoir, in which case it is worked by hand, though it is equally applicable on a larger scale to the transfer of liquids from one large reservoir to another, in which lattercase any suitable power may be applied.
Figure 1 represents a side elevation, partly in section, of my invention, with the reservoir to which it is applied broken away. Fig. 2 is a central vertical section of my apparatus. Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the outlet with a nozzle having three spouts. Figs. aand 5 represent nozzles having respectively two and three spouts.
In these drawings, A represents the cylinder of the pump, which is provided at its top with the cap a, fitted on the outside of the cylinder, and secured in any suitable manner. Through this head passes the piston-rod,which is at one end secured to the piston-head, and at the other bent upon itself to form aconvenient handle for grasping when it is desired to work the piston up and down. The length of the rod is preferably such that the handle is brought close to the cap a, when the piston is at the extent of its downward stroke.
' B is the base,'to which is secured, by screwthreads or otherwise, on the outside, the cylinder A. The screw-threads on the base are set in a distance equal to the thickness of the material of the cylinder, forminga shoulder against which the cylinder rests, and also making a smooth joint on the outside. The base is made funnel-shaped, the opening in the bottom being provided with a flaring ring, I), which is serrated on its lower face, thus qualifying it to rest on the bottom of the vessel and receive they are interchangeable.
valve inward.
the weight of the apparatus, and at the same time permitting the entrance of the, liquid. This base is provided with a ball, Z), which, in connection with the tapering walls of the base, forms a ball-valve and valve seat. The passage is opened with'the upward and closed with the downward stroke of the piston. ball is held in place by the cage formed bythe two horizontal rods, Z)".
Formed with and extending from the side of The the base B is an upwardly-curved branch tube I or neck, 0, for the passage of the liquid outward into the pipe 0, which is attached to the outer end of said tube 0 in any suitable man ner, and which forms the discharge-conduit. \Vithinthis pipe 0 is located a ball-valve, held in its place by a cage, as shown, while its lower end is contracted to forma seat for the said valve, and also better adapt it to be fitted to the branch tube 0. The upper end of the pipe is adapted to receive a nozzle, D. These nozzles are made with the neck portions, which fit onto the pipe, all of the same size, so that At the point of juncture there may be provided a packing of cork, leather, or the like; or, if desired, the joint maybe made by means of screw-threads.
The nozzles D are provided with any number of spouts, d, and, as represented in Fig.3, I prefer to provide them with an enlarged flaring hood, from which the spouts project. EX- tending across the inner end of the spouts within the hood is a slide-valve, by which the discharge of the liquid from the spouts can be at any time shut off by simply pushing said In the instance of closing this slide-valve there is little or no back rush or flow of the liquid into the pipe O, as the hood .serves the function of a receptacle for holding what liquid remains in the nozzle after the shut-off is made. It is obvious that the ballvalve in the bottom of pipe 0 will prevent backflow of the fluid into the base B, even if such flow should be occasioned by the closing of the slide-valve.
The reservoir is represented at 1. It is preferably of tin or sheet-iron, and is made in any well-known Way. It is provided at alittle below the top with a head, 2, which is soldered or otherwise secured to the sides of the reservoir, in order to sustain it against the weight of the bottles when set thereon for the purpose of filling. A small opening, 4, is made therein to allow the drip, if any, to flow back into the reservoir. The head 2 is provided with a removable cover, 3, preferably of circular contour, provided with a depending rim, 4, and overlapping flanges, by which it rests on the head. This cover has an aperture for the passage of the pipe 0, and a second aper-- ture, within which fits the cover a of the cylinder A, the upper surfaces of covers a and 3 lying on the same plane. In placing the forein g apparatus within the tank, the'cylin der A, pipe 0, and base 13, properly connected, are first put in, the cover 0 then fitted down over them, and the nozzle secured to pipe 0 thereafter. The head 2 is placed a short distance from the top of the reservoir, leaving an upwardly-projecting rim for retaining any drip.
In the use of the device the bottle or bottles to be filled are placed under the spout or spouts and an up-and-down motion given to the piston. At the upward stroke the ballw alve l) is raised, permitting the inflow of the liquid, which rushes in and fills the base and cylinder up to the piston. At the same time the out let is closed'by the valve in the lower part of the pipe 0. At the downward stroke the valve 2) is closed and the valve 9 opened, thus permitting the escape of the liquid, which continues to flow in a steady solid stream up through the pipe 0 and out at the nozzle as long as the depression of the piston continues.
' Having thus described myinvention, what I claim is- 1. In an apparatus for transferring liquids, the combination, with a reservoir containing the liquid, of the cylinder A, provided with an upwardly-curved neck, 0, and the vertical discharge-pipe O,detacl1ably secured to said neck,
the said pipe 0 being contracted at its lower end to form a valve-seat, and provided therein with a ball valve and cage, substantially as shown and described.
2. In an apparatus for transferring liquids, the combination, with the discharge-pipe, of the nozzle D, having a flaring hood provided wit-h the spouts d and slide-valve d, substantially as shown and described.
3. In an apparatus for transferring liquids, the combination of a reservoir for containing the fluid, a cylinder having a piston, and base 13, secured to the lower end of said cylinder in the manner described, said base provided with the upwardly-curved neck 0, the pipe 0, attached to said neck, and provided with a ball valve and cage, and contracted at its lower end, whereby is formed the valve-seat, and the nozzle D, secured to the upper end of pipe 0, and having one or more spouts, all substantially as set forth.
.4. In an apparatus for transferring liquids. 'the combination of the reservoir having head 2, said head having the removable portion 3, of the construction substantially as herein described, the cylinder having a piston, and provided with the base 13, with its respective accessories, the discharge- )ipe 0, provided with a ball-valve and connected to the base, and the nozzle D, terminatingin the hood and having one or more spouts, said hood provided with a slide-valve, all substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony thatI claim the foregoing as my own I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JOHN B. METZGER.
W'itn esses:
EDWARD E. ELLIs, k GHAnLns P. XVnBsTnR.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2544990A (en) * 1947-01-04 1951-03-13 Vickers Inc Power transmission
US5054656A (en) * 1989-04-14 1991-10-08 Lasner Jeffrey I Fluid container with pump and attached dosage dispenser

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2544990A (en) * 1947-01-04 1951-03-13 Vickers Inc Power transmission
US5054656A (en) * 1989-04-14 1991-10-08 Lasner Jeffrey I Fluid container with pump and attached dosage dispenser

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