US3027884A - Engine device for reducing unburned hydrocarbons - Google Patents

Engine device for reducing unburned hydrocarbons Download PDF

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US3027884A
US3027884A US70288A US7028860A US3027884A US 3027884 A US3027884 A US 3027884A US 70288 A US70288 A US 70288A US 7028860 A US7028860 A US 7028860A US 3027884 A US3027884 A US 3027884A
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adapted
manifold
conduit means
servo
valve
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US70288A
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Jr Maurice E Bale
Donald G Guetersloh
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Motors Liquidation Co
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Motors Liquidation Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D9/00Controlling engines by throttling air or fuel-and-air induction conduits or exhaust conduits
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D2700/00Mechanical control of speed or power of a single cylinder piston engine
    • F02D2700/02Controlling by changing the air or fuel supply
    • F02D2700/0217Controlling by changing the air or fuel supply for mixture compressing engines using liquid fuel
    • F02D2700/0225Control of air or mixture supply
    • F02D2700/0228Engines without compressor
    • F02D2700/023Engines without compressor by means of one throttle device
    • F02D2700/0235Engines without compressor by means of one throttle device depending on the pressure of a gaseous or liquid medium

Description

April 1.962 M. E. BALE, JR, ET AL 3,027,884

ENGINE DEVICE FOR REDUCING UNBURNED HYDROCARBONS Filed Nov. 18, 1960 7% Jaw/2 ATTORNEY United States 3,027,884 ENGINE DEVICE FOR REDUCING UNBURNED HYDRQCARIl-ONS Maurice E. Bale, In, and Donald G. Guetersloh, Anderson, Ind, assignors to General Motors orporation, De-

troit, Mich, a corporation of Delaware Filed Nov. 18, 1960, Ser. No. 76,288 5 Claims. (Cl. 123-27) The present invention relates to a charge forming device for an internal combustion engine constructed so as to considerably reduce the emission of unburned hydrocarbons from the engine. More specifically, the present invention relates to a mechanism which is designed to reduce unburned hydrocarbons during vehicle coasting operation.

It is well known in the automotive fuel systems art that during vehicle coasting conditions fuel continues to be drawn through the carburetor even though the throttle is closed and as a consequence unburned hydrocarbons are discharged through the vehicle exhaust system resulting in a contamination of the atmosphere. In the past, various types of mechanisms have been developed to overcome this emission of unburned fuels. The most common approach has been to provide means for positively cutting off the flow of fuel during coasting operation.

In general, coasting fuel shut-off devices have not proved to be commercially acceptable for several reasons, one of which has been the cost and complication of such devices. In addition, however, cutting off the flow of fuel during coasting operation has had a very definite operating disadvantage in that the carburetor fuel supply lines as well as the intake manifold are dried out during coasting operation. As a consequence, when the operator again desires to resume normal driving operation the engine has frequently stalled for want of fuel and a definite jerk or bump is felt in restarting of the engine.

In the present invention, when the vehicle is coasting, means is provided for slightly opening the throttle whereby sufficient air is admitted to the engine to maintain a combustible mixture in the combustion chamber, even in the presence of the high exhaust dilution which occurs under coasting conditions. In this way the fuel is compeltely combusted leaving the exhaust relatively free of unburned hydrocarbons. At the same time, means is provided for retarding the engines spark so that the fuel-air mixture being burned during coasting does not contribute to the engine power output.

More specifically, the present invention includes a manifold vacuum responsive mechanism operatively connected to both the throttle and the engine spark distributor in such a way that under normal engine operating conditions the throttle is controlled by the operator and the distributor is controlled in its normal manner. However, under conditions of abnormally high manifold vacuum, as would occur during engine vehicle coasting conditions, the manifold vacuum responsive mechanism will be actuated to move the throttle to a slightly opened position and also to rotate the distributor to retard the spark.

The details as well as other objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from a perusal of the detailed description which follows:

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a diagrammatic representation of the invention embodied on an engine; and

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged sectional View of the vacuum switch.

Referring to FIGURE 1, an engine intake manifold is indicated generally at on which a carburetor 12 is ice mounted to supply a combustible charge thereto. Carburetor 12 includes a throttle valve 14 rotatably disposed in induction passage 16 for controlling the quantity of combustible charge supplied to the intake manifold. A lever 18 is fixed to throttle shaft 20 and includes an extended portion 22 adapted to be engaged by one end 24 of a bellcrank lever 26 pivotally mounted on the carburetor casing.

A first servo device, indicated generally at 28, is mounted on the carburetor casing through a suitable bracket 30. The servo includes a pair of easing members 32 and 34 which coact to peripherally clamp a flexible diaphragm 36 therebetween. A rod 38 is centrally secured to diaphragm 36 while the other end of the rod is suitably articulated to lever 26. A spring element 40 is disposed between casing 32 and diaphragm 36 and under normal operating conditions urges lever 26, through diaphragm 36 and rod 38, to a position not atfecting the operation of throttle 14.

An electrical spark distributor is indicated at 42. Distributor 42 is of conventional design and includes a ter minal housing 44 within which a breaker plate 45 is disposed for rotative adjustment relative to the housing to vary spark advance. Rotation of the breaker plate is controlled in the conventional manner by a servo device 46 articulated thereto through a link 47 and which device communicates through a conduit 48 with manifold 10. In the normal manner, variations in manifold vacuum will be transmitted to servo 'device 46 which will in turn vary the spark advance. The spark will be retarded under conditions of low manifold vacuum and advanced under conditions of high vacuum.

The distributor rotor, not shown, is adapted to be driven by a camshaft driven shaft 50 which extends through a base member 52 into housing 44. Housing or cap 44 is clamped to base 52 the latter which also supports breaker plate 45.

A bracket or collar 59 is mounted on the engine block or other engine supporting part and supports servo device 54 to permit rotation of base 52.

An additional servo device 54 is connected through a link 56 and a lever 58 fixed to base 52 to permit the base to be adjusted to vary spark advance independently of breaker plate controlling servo device 46.

The actuation of servo devices 28 and 54 is controlled by vacuum switch device 60. Switch 60 communicates through conduit 62 with manifold vacuum conduit 48 and, in turn, with servo devices 28 and 54 through conduits 64 and 66. Referring to FIGURE 2, switch 60 includes a body 68 within the bore 70 of which a valve member 72 is slidably disposed. One end of valve member 72 is centrally secured to a flexible diaphragm 74 peripherally clamped between casings 76 and 78. Casing 78 is suitably secured to valve body 68. An overcenter spring 88 is mounted within a casing 82 fixed to casing 76. Casing 82 is centrally apertured to permit a stud portion 84 to extend therethrough and be secured to spring 80.

Conduits 62 and 64 respectively communicate with bore 70 and radial port 86 in valve body 68. Valve member 72 includes an axial passage 90 having spaced radial ports 92 and 94. An annular groove 96 is formed in member 72. Radial port 92 continuously admits manifold vacuum to chamber 98 formed by diaphragm 74, casing 78 and enlarged portion 100 of valve body 68. Under normal engine operating conditions, spring 162 will bias diaphragm 74 and valve member 72 to the pdsition shown in FIGURE 2 against the force of manifold vacuum acting on the diaphragm. In this position, annular groove 96 registers with port 86 venting servo de- 3 vices 28 and 54 to atmosphere through port 194 in body 68.

Under vehicle coasting conditions, however, manifold vacuum will increase sufiiciently in chamber 98 to move diaphragm 74 and valve member 72 to the right against the force of spring 102. In this latter position, radial port 94 in valve member 72 registers with port 86 admitting manifold vacuum to conduit 64. Under these conditions, servo 28 moves throttle 14 to a slightly open position while servo 54 retards the distributor advance whereby any fuel drawn through carburetor 12 during coasting will be consumed without adding appreciably to the power output of the engine.

Overcenter spring 80 insures that valve member 72 Will not hunt between the two positions in which port 86 is either communicated with the atmosphere or manifold vacuum.

We claim:

1. An internal combustion engine comprising an inlet manifold, a carburetor mounted on said manifold and adapted to supply a combustible mixture thereto, said carburetor including a rotatable throttle valve adapted to control the quantity of combustible mixture supplied to said manifold, a first servo device adapted to engage said throttle valve when said valve is in a closed position to move said valve to a partially open position, a spark distributor mechanism, a second servo device adapted to vary the spark advance of said spark distributor mechanism, a vacuum switch mechanism normally venting said first and second servo devices to atmosphere, a third servo device connected to said vacuum switch mechanism, conduit means communicating said third servo device with said inlet manifold whereby when manifold vacuum exceeds a predetermined value said third servo device will move said vacuum switch mechanism to admit manifold vacuum to said first and second servo devices causing said first servo device to partially open said throttle valve and said second servo device to retard said spark distributor mechanism spark advance.

.2. An internal combution engine comprising an inlet manifold, a carburetor mounted on said manifold and adapted to supply a combustible mixture thereto, said carburetor including a rotatable throttle valve adapted to control the quantity of combustible mixture supplied to said manifold, a first servo device adapted to engage said throttle valve when said valve is in a closed position to move said valve to a partially open position, a lost motion connection between said first servo device and said throttle valve permitting said valve to be opened irrespective of the operation of said device, a spark distributor mechanism, a second servo device adapted to vary the spark advance of said distributor mechanism, a vacuum switch mechanism normally venting said first and second servo devices to atmosphere, a third servo device connected to said vacuum switch mechanism, conduit means communicating said third selvo device with said inlet manifold whereby when manifold vacuum exceeds a predetermined value said third servo device will move said vacuum switch mechanism to admit manifold vacuum to said first and second servo devices causing said first servo device to partially open said throttle valve and said second servo device to retard said distributor mechanism spark advance.

3. An internal combustion engine comprising an inlet manifold, a carburetor mounted on said manifold and adapted to supply a combustible mixture thereto, said carburetor including a throttle valve adapted to control the quantity of mixture supplied to said manifold, a first servo device adapted to operatively engage the throttle valve when said valve is in a closed position and to move said valve to a partially open position, an electrical spark distributor including a base, a terminal housing mounted on said base, and a breaker plate mounted on said base and rotatable relative thereto, a second servo device connected to said breaker plate and adapted to rotate said plate relative to said housing, first conduit means communicating said second servo device with said inlet manifold whereby manifold vacuum is adapted to act on said second device, a third servo device connected to said distributor base and adapted to adjustably rotate the same, and a vacuum switch including an adjustable valve member, a diaphragm connected to said member, second conduit means communicating said vacuum switch with said first and third servo devices, spring means normally biasing said valve member to a position communicating said second conduit means to atmosphere to render said first and third servo devices inoperative, additional conduit means communicating said vacuum switch diaphragm with said inlet manifold, manifold vacuum acting on said diaphragm being adapted to overcome said spring under certain operating conditions and move said valve member to a position communicating said additional conduit means with said second conduit means to render said first and third servo devices operative respectively to move said throttle valve to a partially open position and to retard the distributor spark.

4. An internal combustion engine as set forth in claim 3 in which a lost motion connection is provided between said first servo device and said throttle valve permitting said valve to be opened irrespective of the operation of said device.

5. An internal combustion engine as set forth in claim 1 which includes a fourth servo device operatively connected to the spark distributor mechanism to vary the spark advance thereof, and conduit means continuously communicating said fourth device with the inlet manifold.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,969,682 Arthur Aug. 7, 1934 2,129,608 Vanderpoel Sept. 6, 1938 2,229,851 Hutford Jan. 28, 1941 2,466,090 Fageol Apr. 5, 1949 2,532,069 Mallory Nov. 28, 1950 2,672,855 Thomas Mar. 23, 1954

Claims (1)

  1. 3. AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE COMPRISING AN INLET MANIFOLD, A CARBURETOR MOUNTED ON SAID MANIFOLD AND ADAPTED TO SUPPLY A COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURE THERETO, SAID CARBURETOR INCLUDING A THROTTLE VALUE ADAPTED TO CONTROL THE QUANTITY OF MIXTURE SUPPLIED TO SAID MANIFOLD, A FIRST SERVO DEVICE ADAPTED TO OPERATIVELY ENGAGE THE THROTTLE VALVE WHEN SAID VALVE IS IN A CLOSED POSITION AND TO MOVE SAID VALVE TO A PARTIALLY OPEN POSITION, AN ELECTRICAL SPARK DISTRIBUTOR INCLUDING A BASE, A TERMINAL HOUSING MOUNTED ON SAID BASE, AND A BREAKER PLATE MOUNTED ON SAID BASE AND ROTATABLE RELATIVE THERETO, A SECOND SERVO DEVICE CONNECTED TO SAID BREAKER PLATE AND ADAPTED TO ROTATE SAID PLATE RELATIVE TO SAID HOUSING, FIRST CONDUIT MEANS COMMUNICATING SAID SECOND SERVO DEVICE WITH SAID INLET MANIFOLD WHEREBY MANIFOLD VACUUM IS ADAPTED TO ACT ON SAID SECOND DEVICE, A THIRD SERVO DEVICE CONNECTED TO SAID DISTRIBUTOR BASE AND ADAPTED TO ADJUSTABLY ROTATE THE SAME, AND A VACUUM SWITCH INCLUDING AN ADJUSTABLE VALVE MEMBER, A DIAPHRAGM CONNECTED TO SAID MEMBER, SECOND CONDUIT MEANS COMMUNICATING SAID VACUUM SWITCH WITH SAID FIRST AND THIRD SERVO DEVICES, SPRING MEANS NORMALLY BIASING SAID VALVE MEMBER TO S POSITION COMMUNICATING SAID SECOND CONDUIT MEANS TO ATMOSPHERE TO RENDER SAID FIRST AND THIRD SERCO DEVICES INOPERATIVE, ADDITIONAL CONDUIT MEANS COMMUNICATING SAID VACUUM SWITCH DIAPHRAGM WITH SAID INLET MANIFOLD, MANIFOLD VACUUM ACTING ON SAID DIAPHRAGM BEING ADAPTED TO OVERCOME SAID SPRING UNDER CERTAIN OPERATING CONDITIONS AND MOVE SAID VALVE MEMBER TO A POSITION COMMUNICATING SAID ADDITIONAL CONDUIT MEANS WITH SAID SECOND CONDUIT MEANS TO RENDER SAID FIRST AND THIRD SERVO DEVICES OPERATIVE RESPECTIVELY TO MOVE SAID THROTTLE VALVE TO A PARTIALLY OPEN POSITION AND TO RETARD THE DISTRIBUTOR SPARK.
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Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3158141A (en) * 1962-04-09 1964-11-24 James E Harris Regulating valve system
US3162184A (en) * 1962-07-20 1964-12-22 Walker Brooks Spark timing control
US3252450A (en) * 1963-10-18 1966-05-24 Gen Motors Corp Mechanism for reducing unburned hydrocarbon emission
US3266473A (en) * 1964-03-17 1966-08-16 Walker Mfg Co Throttle closed position limiter
US3272191A (en) * 1965-03-04 1966-09-13 Walker Brooks Engine spark control for reducing smog
US3289659A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-12-06 Standard Products Co Engine control device
US3320770A (en) * 1965-07-12 1967-05-23 Motorola Inc Mechanical device for an engine ignition timer
US3327695A (en) * 1965-01-28 1967-06-27 Walker Mfg Co Throttle positioner with dashpot
US3370577A (en) * 1965-11-10 1968-02-27 Gen Motors Corp Vacuum control unit
US3452728A (en) * 1966-10-15 1969-07-01 Ducellier & Cie Ignition distributor for internal combustion engines
US3456634A (en) * 1965-12-01 1969-07-22 Volvo Ab Device for preheating the fuel-air mixture in carburetor engines
US3457905A (en) * 1966-08-19 1969-07-29 Lucas Industries Ltd Ignition distributors
US3486595A (en) * 1967-05-18 1969-12-30 Rootes Motors Ltd Internal combustion engines
US3491737A (en) * 1968-03-22 1970-01-27 Ford Motor Co Throttle blade control mechanism for preventing engine dieseling
US3502000A (en) * 1966-03-11 1970-03-24 Christoph Heinrich Voges Adjusting device for throttle valves
DE1751913A1 (en) * 1967-08-28 1970-04-23 Toyota Motor Co Ltd carburettor
DE1802263B1 (en) * 1967-10-11 1970-04-30 Ford Werke Ag A device for speed, vacuum and temperaturabhaengigen adjustment of the ignition of internal combustion engines
DE1476320B1 (en) * 1964-08-07 1970-05-14 Citroen Sa Means for improving the combustion in the idle operation of an internal combustion engine
US3515105A (en) * 1969-04-18 1970-06-02 Holley Carburetor Co Ignition system
US3521609A (en) * 1966-08-31 1970-07-28 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Apparatus for controlling ignition time of automobile engine
US3554170A (en) * 1969-01-27 1971-01-12 Kugelfischer G Schaefer & Co Carburetion control method for operating fuel injection spark-ignition internal combustion engines
US3556064A (en) * 1968-04-04 1971-01-19 Honda Motor Co Ltd Air pollution preventive device for spark-ignition-type internal combustion engines
US3577962A (en) * 1969-10-20 1971-05-11 Ford Motor Co Throttle blade control system for minimizing variations in idling speed
US3599614A (en) * 1969-09-11 1971-08-17 Ford Motor Co Dual-diaphragm distributor
US3601106A (en) * 1968-03-23 1971-08-24 Nissan Motor Intake manifold vacuum control system
US3603298A (en) * 1968-09-03 1971-09-07 Toyota Motor Co Ltd Arrangement for controlling discharge of unburnt hydrocarbons from decelerating automobile engine
US3603297A (en) * 1969-10-01 1971-09-07 Harry A Sherwin Throttle control
US3643526A (en) * 1970-09-28 1972-02-22 Gen Motors Corp Ignition timing and throttle position control
US3647016A (en) * 1969-08-28 1972-03-07 Ford Motor Co Vehicle speed responsive system
US3675632A (en) * 1971-04-02 1972-07-11 Nissan Motor Intake manifold vacuum control system
US3680533A (en) * 1970-10-15 1972-08-01 Eaton Yale & Towne Temperature responsive idling speed control device for internal combustion engine
US3687120A (en) * 1969-07-02 1972-08-29 Daimler Benz Ag Control installation for combustion engines
US3721222A (en) * 1970-09-17 1973-03-20 Honda Motor Co Ltd Control apparatus for the idle position of a throttle valve for an internal combustion engine
US3753377A (en) * 1971-12-27 1973-08-21 Ford Motor Co Automatic transmission shift control engine spark control
US3999524A (en) * 1974-06-06 1976-12-28 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Control system for controlling opening of throttle valve
US4237833A (en) * 1979-04-16 1980-12-09 General Motors Corporation Vehicle throttle stop control apparatus
US4351296A (en) * 1979-05-30 1982-09-28 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for controlling deceleration of an internal combustion engine

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1969682A (en) * 1931-08-24 1934-08-07 Gen Motors Corp Ignition controller
US2129608A (en) * 1936-08-10 1938-09-06 James O Laverty Automatic deceleration control device
US2229851A (en) * 1939-10-05 1941-01-28 Hufford Raymond Degasser
US2466090A (en) * 1946-03-01 1949-04-05 R D Fageol Co Engine attachment
US2532069A (en) * 1948-06-04 1950-11-28 Mallory Res Co Ignition timing control for internal-combustion engines
US2672855A (en) * 1951-06-19 1954-03-23 Thomas Harry Throttle control for internalcombustion engines

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1969682A (en) * 1931-08-24 1934-08-07 Gen Motors Corp Ignition controller
US2129608A (en) * 1936-08-10 1938-09-06 James O Laverty Automatic deceleration control device
US2229851A (en) * 1939-10-05 1941-01-28 Hufford Raymond Degasser
US2466090A (en) * 1946-03-01 1949-04-05 R D Fageol Co Engine attachment
US2532069A (en) * 1948-06-04 1950-11-28 Mallory Res Co Ignition timing control for internal-combustion engines
US2672855A (en) * 1951-06-19 1954-03-23 Thomas Harry Throttle control for internalcombustion engines

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3158141A (en) * 1962-04-09 1964-11-24 James E Harris Regulating valve system
US3162184A (en) * 1962-07-20 1964-12-22 Walker Brooks Spark timing control
US3252450A (en) * 1963-10-18 1966-05-24 Gen Motors Corp Mechanism for reducing unburned hydrocarbon emission
US3289659A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-12-06 Standard Products Co Engine control device
US3266473A (en) * 1964-03-17 1966-08-16 Walker Mfg Co Throttle closed position limiter
DE1476320B1 (en) * 1964-08-07 1970-05-14 Citroen Sa Means for improving the combustion in the idle operation of an internal combustion engine
US3327695A (en) * 1965-01-28 1967-06-27 Walker Mfg Co Throttle positioner with dashpot
US3272191A (en) * 1965-03-04 1966-09-13 Walker Brooks Engine spark control for reducing smog
US3320770A (en) * 1965-07-12 1967-05-23 Motorola Inc Mechanical device for an engine ignition timer
US3370577A (en) * 1965-11-10 1968-02-27 Gen Motors Corp Vacuum control unit
US3456634A (en) * 1965-12-01 1969-07-22 Volvo Ab Device for preheating the fuel-air mixture in carburetor engines
US3502000A (en) * 1966-03-11 1970-03-24 Christoph Heinrich Voges Adjusting device for throttle valves
DE1576670B1 (en) * 1966-08-19 1971-02-11 Lucas Industries Ltd Zuendverstelleinrichtungen for internal combustion engines
US3457905A (en) * 1966-08-19 1969-07-29 Lucas Industries Ltd Ignition distributors
US3521609A (en) * 1966-08-31 1970-07-28 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Apparatus for controlling ignition time of automobile engine
US3452728A (en) * 1966-10-15 1969-07-01 Ducellier & Cie Ignition distributor for internal combustion engines
US3486595A (en) * 1967-05-18 1969-12-30 Rootes Motors Ltd Internal combustion engines
DE1751913A1 (en) * 1967-08-28 1970-04-23 Toyota Motor Co Ltd carburettor
DE1802263B1 (en) * 1967-10-11 1970-04-30 Ford Werke Ag A device for speed, vacuum and temperaturabhaengigen adjustment of the ignition of internal combustion engines
US3491737A (en) * 1968-03-22 1970-01-27 Ford Motor Co Throttle blade control mechanism for preventing engine dieseling
US3601106A (en) * 1968-03-23 1971-08-24 Nissan Motor Intake manifold vacuum control system
US3556064A (en) * 1968-04-04 1971-01-19 Honda Motor Co Ltd Air pollution preventive device for spark-ignition-type internal combustion engines
US3603298A (en) * 1968-09-03 1971-09-07 Toyota Motor Co Ltd Arrangement for controlling discharge of unburnt hydrocarbons from decelerating automobile engine
US3554170A (en) * 1969-01-27 1971-01-12 Kugelfischer G Schaefer & Co Carburetion control method for operating fuel injection spark-ignition internal combustion engines
US3515105A (en) * 1969-04-18 1970-06-02 Holley Carburetor Co Ignition system
US3687120A (en) * 1969-07-02 1972-08-29 Daimler Benz Ag Control installation for combustion engines
US3647016A (en) * 1969-08-28 1972-03-07 Ford Motor Co Vehicle speed responsive system
US3599614A (en) * 1969-09-11 1971-08-17 Ford Motor Co Dual-diaphragm distributor
US3603297A (en) * 1969-10-01 1971-09-07 Harry A Sherwin Throttle control
US3577962A (en) * 1969-10-20 1971-05-11 Ford Motor Co Throttle blade control system for minimizing variations in idling speed
US3721222A (en) * 1970-09-17 1973-03-20 Honda Motor Co Ltd Control apparatus for the idle position of a throttle valve for an internal combustion engine
US3643526A (en) * 1970-09-28 1972-02-22 Gen Motors Corp Ignition timing and throttle position control
US3680533A (en) * 1970-10-15 1972-08-01 Eaton Yale & Towne Temperature responsive idling speed control device for internal combustion engine
US3675632A (en) * 1971-04-02 1972-07-11 Nissan Motor Intake manifold vacuum control system
US3753377A (en) * 1971-12-27 1973-08-21 Ford Motor Co Automatic transmission shift control engine spark control
US3999524A (en) * 1974-06-06 1976-12-28 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Control system for controlling opening of throttle valve
US4237833A (en) * 1979-04-16 1980-12-09 General Motors Corporation Vehicle throttle stop control apparatus
US4351296A (en) * 1979-05-30 1982-09-28 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for controlling deceleration of an internal combustion engine

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