US3025686A - Clutch discs - Google Patents

Clutch discs Download PDF

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Publication number
US3025686A
US3025686A US112278A US11227861A US3025686A US 3025686 A US3025686 A US 3025686A US 112278 A US112278 A US 112278A US 11227861 A US11227861 A US 11227861A US 3025686 A US3025686 A US 3025686A
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Prior art keywords
discs
clutch
slots
disc
lubricant
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US112278A
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Robert P Lewis
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Robert P Lewis
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D7/00Slip couplings, e.g. slipping on overload, for absorbing shock
    • F16D7/02Slip couplings, e.g. slipping on overload, for absorbing shock of the friction type
    • F16D7/024Slip couplings, e.g. slipping on overload, for absorbing shock of the friction type with axially applied torque limiting friction surfaces
    • F16D7/025Slip couplings, e.g. slipping on overload, for absorbing shock of the friction type with axially applied torque limiting friction surfaces with flat clutching surfaces, e.g. discs
    • F16D7/027Slip couplings, e.g. slipping on overload, for absorbing shock of the friction type with axially applied torque limiting friction surfaces with flat clutching surfaces, e.g. discs with multiple lamellae
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D13/00Friction clutches
    • F16D13/58Details
    • F16D13/60Clutching elements
    • F16D13/64Clutch-plates; Clutch-lamellae
    • F16D13/648Clutch-plates; Clutch-lamellae for clutches with multiple lamellae

Description

March 20, 1962 R. P. LEWIS 3,025,686

CLUTCH DISCS Filed May 24, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. ROBERT P. LEWIS a um ATTORNEY Marc 20, 19.6 R P. LEWIS 3,025,686

CLUTCH DISCS Filed May 24, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Al TO R N EI United States Patent 3,025,686 CLUTCH DISCS Robert P. Lewis, 2256 Deusmore Drive, Toledo, Ohio Filed May 24, 1961, Ser. No. 112,278 6 Claims. (Cl. 6430) This invention relates to clutch discs such, for example, as used in wet multiple disc clutches, where the discs are constantly loaded but may be used to advan tage in other types of clutches.

An object is to produce a clutch disc which does not chatter, is not noisy, and is essentially free of vibration.

Another object is to produce a clutch disc assembly in which provision is made to prevent damage and to reduce wear to the contact surfaces when the discs are moving relatively to each other.

A further object is to provide new and improved means for lubricating adjacent clutch discs and for quickly disposing of excess surface lubricant to afford additional friction as required.

A still further object is to produce a clutch disc assembly in which lubricant is circulated between and over the entire contact surfaces of all of the discs even when they are in contact with each other and are under pressure.

A still further object is to dampen the vibration originating from stick-slip friction in a disc clutch or torsional effects and prevent highly localized loads and the effects from thermal stresses due to distortion or expansion from heat.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear, and, for purposes of illustration but not of limitation, embodiments of the invention are shown in the accompanying drawings, in which FIGURE 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a clutch disc assembly, showing an application of the clutch discs constituting this invention;

FIGURE 2 is a transverse sectional view substantially on the line 22 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a plan view of one of the outer attached clutch discs;

FIGURE 4 is a plan view of one of the inner attached clutch discs;

FIGURE 5 is a plan view of an outer attached clutch disc, constituting an alternate form in which the hole at the center is eccentric; and

FIGURE 6 is a somewhat diagrammatic view showing an outer attached clutch disc associated with the splined shaft end portion, and the eccentric relation between the parts.

The illustrated embodiment of the invention comprises a pair of shafts 10 and 11, between which is disposed a clutch assembly. In the form shown, the clutch is of a pre-loaded type, such as used for over-load and safety clutches, and limited slip difierentials. The clutch assembly comprises a housing having a plate 12 provided with an axial laterally extending sleeve 13 secured by a key 14 to the end portion of the shaft 10. The shaft 10 has a screw threaded reduced end portion receiving a washer and nut assembly 15 for engaging a shoulder on the plate 12 for retaining the parts in assembled position. Cooperating with the plate 12 is a drum-like housing part 16, which is secured in liquid tight relation to the plate 12 by a series of screws 17. The housing part 16 has a laterally extending sleeve 18, in which the shaft end portion 11 is rotatable, and has suitable hearing. The shaft 11 has a cylindrical enlargement 19 disposed within the housing part 16, and on the outside of the enlargement 19 are splines 20. Clutch discs 21 have at their inner edges splines 22, which engage the splines on the shaft enlargement 19. Pressed into the housing part 16 is a ring 23, which has a series of splines 24 on its inner edge, receiving splines 26 on the clutch discs which alternate with the clutch discs 21. In this instance, the clutch discs 21 and 25 are pre-loaded, and as shown, there is a spring pressed ring 27, which is constantly urged against the discs by a series of coil springs 29, one end of each coil spring bearing against the plate 12 and against a socketed part of the ring 27 at the opposite end. Suitable lubricant holes 28 in the ring 27 enable lubricant from the oil chamber 30 to pass to the clutch discs.

The inner attached clutch discs 21 are formed with a row of slots 32, each arranged angularly to the radii of the respective disc. The inner end of each slot is provided with an enlargement 33, which is disposed close to the inner edge portion of the disc. In the form shown, the angular slots 32 are unformly spaced apart, but if desired the spacing may be irregular. The slots 32 as shown are inclined in a counter-clockwise direction, and provide a series of segments 34, which can flex relatively to each other. This enables each segment readily to deflect and properly mate with its corresponding partner, without localized contact and heavy stresses. Thus, the several segments are not affected by distortion due to frictional heat or thermal stresses. Each segment can also deflect radially to help break up any stick slip or torsional vibration, making use of the clutch friction to help dampen this vibration.

The outer attached discs 25 are somewhat similarly constructed and, as shown, each disc is provided with a series of angularly disposed slots which terminate at the inner edge and at the outer end are provided with enlargements 36, which are positioned close to the peripheral edge portion thereof. These slots, as shown on FIGURE 3, also incline from the enlargements 36 in a counter clockwise direction, but manifestly are differently arranged from the slots 32 in the inner attached discs 34. As shown, the slots 35 provide an annular row of segments 37, which are of uniform size, but may be made non-uniform to counteract any exceptional vibration condition.

In view of the arrangement of the slots 32 and 35 in the discs 21 and 25 respectively, adjacent slots intersect each other as indicated in FIGURE 2. Thus, at the point of intersection of the slots, an opening is provided laterally to the adjacent discs, and its radial location is constantly changing permit-ting lubricant freely to circulate, thereby providing lubrication and cooling to all the contact surfaces as they move relatively to each other. The discs, in turn, wipe ofl the excess lubricant to provide direct contact and the increased friction desired. Preferably the edges of the slots 25 and 32 are rounded or beveled to militate against any interference in the operation of the disc segments.

It will be understood that the slots in certain of the discs are angularly disposed with respect to the corresponding slots in the adjacent discs. If desired, the slots in one or another disc may be radial so long as the slots in the adjacent discs are in crossing relation thereby to provide the desired openings at the points of intersection to enable the flow of lubricant to all of the discs.

In the alternate form shown on FIGURES 5 and 6, an outer attached disc 25a is provided with the flexible segments as indicated on FIGURE 3. However, in this form, the inner hole 38 is not concentric as in the form previously described, but, instead, it is eccentrically arranged. As shown in FIGURE 6, this provides for a method of circulating the oil for lubricating and cooling the disc contact surfaces of multiple disc clutches. The additional space provided by the eccentric arrangement of the hole affords the space for the storage of an extra amount of lubricant, where it is at all times available, and particularly when the disc surfaces are not in relative motion to each other. As soon as relative motion takes place between the discs, the eccentric center of the outer attached discs'wipes the lubricant from this part of the surfaces of the inner discs, forcing the lubricant, aided by centrifugal force, to circulate between the surfaces of all of the discs.

The beneficial result secured by providing an eccentric opening at the center of the outer attached discs is achieved whether the discs are segmented, plain, grooved, or any combination of these forms.

Numerous changes may be made in details of construction, arrangement, and choice of materials without departingfrom the spirit of the invention, especially as defined in the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. In a clutch, the combination of driving and driven clutch discs, each disc having a center hole and a series of slots arranged at an angle to the radii thereof and alternating discs having the slots differently arranged so as to intersect at an angle the slots respectively of the adjacent discs thereby to provide holes at the points of intersection for the lateral passage of lubricant from one disc to another and the angularity ofthe slots enables the constant changing of the radial location of such holes so that the entire surface of each disc is readily supplied with lubricant during its relative rotation with adjacent discs.

2. In a clutch, as claimed in claim 1, in which the slots are so arranged as to provide a plurality of angular flexible segments to easily deflect and mate with their corresponding pantners to assure uniform contact of all disc surfaces, thus automatically correcting any distortion of individual segments due to generated heat in operation or the release of residual stresses thus avoiding highly localized loads and stresses.

3. In a clutch, the combination of driving and driven clutch discs, each disc having a series of slots and the slots of certain discs being angularly disposed so as to cross the slots in adjacent discs, thereby to provide openings for the lateral passage of lubricant therethrough from one disc to another and the angulari-ty of the slots enables the constant changing of the radial location of such holes sothat the entire surface of each disc is readily supplied with lubricant during its relative rotation with adjacent discs.

4. In a clutch, the combination of driving and driven clutch discs, each disc having a center hole and a series of slots arranged at an angle to the radii thereof and alternating discs having the slots differently arranged so as to intersect at an angle the slots respectively of the adjacent discs whereby to provide holes at the points of intersection for the lateral passage of lubricant from one disc to another, the center hole on each outer attached disc being eccentric to wipe lubricant from the adjacent surfaces of the inner attached discs and force lubricant aided by centrifugal force to circulate between the surfaces of the discs.

5. In a clutch, alternating inner and outer attached juxtaposed clutch discs having centerholes, driving and driven members for said inner and outer discs respectively, the center holes of the inner attached discs being concentric with the respective member, and the holes for the outer attached discs being eccentric to the axis of the holes-of the inner attached discs thereby providing a storage space for lubricant so that under relative rotation the edge of the eccentric hole moves radially over the surface of the inner discs creating a wedge type pumping action aided by centrifugal force, forcing the lubricant between the discs.

' 6. In a clutch for connecting driving and driven shafts, the combination of a closed housing forming a chamber enclosing the end portions of the shafts, alternating inner and outer attached juxtaposed clutch discs having center holes, theouter attached clutch discs having slots from the inner edge thereof extending angularly from the radii to form a series of flexible segments, the inner attached clutch discs having slots extending from the outer edge thereof angularly from the radii and in position to intersect'the slots of the other discs,'thereby to provide holes for the circulation of lubricant from said chamber,

and the hole at the center of each outer attached clutch disc being eccentric.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,150,950 Thoma Mar. 21, 1939 2,743,792 Ransom May 1, 1956 2,989,161 Diebold June 20, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 341,243 Great Britain Jan. 15, 1931

US112278A 1961-05-24 1961-05-24 Clutch discs Expired - Lifetime US3025686A (en)

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US112278A US3025686A (en) 1961-05-24 1961-05-24 Clutch discs
GB640462A GB941680A (en) 1961-05-24 1962-02-19 Clutch discs

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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3174586A (en) * 1962-06-01 1965-03-23 Fichtel & Sachs Ag Back pedaling brake for coaster hubs
US3251200A (en) * 1964-05-06 1966-05-17 John C Spracklin Bidirectional self-resetting overload slip clutch
US3385412A (en) * 1967-01-09 1968-05-28 Case Co J I Oil-cooled friction clutch
US3433327A (en) * 1966-06-29 1969-03-18 Thionville Laminoirs A Froid Braking surface for the rims of bicycle wheels
US3760922A (en) * 1970-07-18 1973-09-25 Ferguson Ltd H Rotary couplings
US3904004A (en) * 1973-02-08 1975-09-09 Skf Ind Trading & Dev Overrunning clutch
US3981381A (en) * 1975-03-10 1976-09-21 Borg-Warner Corporation Self-contained multiplate wet clutch
US4004641A (en) * 1975-02-24 1977-01-25 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Motor grader drawbar assembly with safety clutch mechanism
US4022298A (en) * 1976-03-29 1977-05-10 D.A.B. Industries, Inc. Wet disc brake
US4982808A (en) * 1987-01-27 1991-01-08 Viscodrive Gmbh Viscous shear coupling
US5002517A (en) * 1989-11-07 1991-03-26 Power Transmission Tech., Inc. Friction disc torque limiter
US5060775A (en) * 1989-10-13 1991-10-29 Viscodrive Gmbh Fluid friction coupling
US5398793A (en) * 1991-06-25 1995-03-21 New Venture Gear, Inc. Viscous coupling apparatus with opposing coined plates
AT402226B (en) * 1990-03-16 1997-03-25 Viscodrive Japan Visco coupling
US6047806A (en) * 1997-05-16 2000-04-11 Mannesmann Sachs Ag Hydrodynamic torque converter with depressions in the extension area of the friction linings
US6135256A (en) * 1996-12-10 2000-10-24 Dynax Corporation Wet friction disc clutch
FR2811726A1 (en) * 2000-07-17 2002-01-18 Mannesmann Sachs Ag Multiple clutch for motor vehicle transmission has pair of clutches driving respective outputs and with vibration damper
WO2004013508A1 (en) * 2002-07-31 2004-02-12 Zf Sachs Ag Clutch arrangement
US20080090664A1 (en) * 2006-10-17 2008-04-17 Jlg Industries, Inc. Slip clutch
US20080179161A1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-07-31 Nsk-Warner K.K. Friction Plate for Wet-Type Multiplate Clutch
US20100059326A1 (en) * 2008-09-05 2010-03-11 Miba Frictec Gmbh Friction lamella
US20110000757A1 (en) * 2008-02-28 2011-01-06 Muizelaar Richard D Friction clutch and method to reduce drag loss in friction clutch
US20120018272A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2012-01-26 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Torque limiting device
CN103171867A (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-06-26 瑞班有限公司 Return stop
DE102014201867A1 (en) 2013-02-22 2014-08-28 Magna Powertrain Ag & Co. Kg clutch disk for a multi-disk clutch, has spoke region that is provided between region of gearing and friction region, and arranged with tangential spokes on which region of gearing is connected with friction region
US20140311831A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 Transmission Cvtcorp Inc. Disk shaped lubricating fluid dispenser
EP1630441B2 (en) 2004-08-26 2015-02-11 Transmisiones y Equipos Mecánicos, S.A. de C.V. Wet clutch, in particular DCT clutch
DE102014208732A1 (en) * 2014-05-09 2015-11-12 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Slat for a multi-plate clutch of a motor vehicle
DE102015200467A1 (en) * 2015-01-14 2016-07-14 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Coupling device
DE102015114673A1 (en) * 2015-09-02 2017-03-02 Hoerbiger Antriebstechnik Holding Gmbh Steel friction plate and friction clutch with such friction plates and method for producing such a friction plate
DE102016014672A1 (en) * 2016-12-09 2018-06-14 Daimler Ag Hybrid power car for a motor vehicle

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3942806A1 (en) * 1989-12-23 1991-06-27 Metabowerke Kg Torque limiter for electric tool - with friction surfaces having recesses for lubricant and swarf
BE1005246A3 (en) * 1991-01-28 1993-06-08 Volvo Car Sint Truiden Nv Steering for vehicles.
BE1005245A3 (en) * 1991-01-28 1993-06-08 Volvo Car Sint Truiden Nv Steering for vehicles.

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB341243A (en) * 1929-12-23 1931-01-15 Hermann Schoening Improvements in and relating to multiple plate clutches
US2150950A (en) * 1934-04-06 1939-03-21 Thoma Hans Power transmission mechanism
US2743792A (en) * 1951-10-11 1956-05-01 Richard B Ransom Rotary motion resisting device
US2989161A (en) * 1955-11-25 1961-06-20 Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd Electromagnetic clutch with stationary coil

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB341243A (en) * 1929-12-23 1931-01-15 Hermann Schoening Improvements in and relating to multiple plate clutches
US2150950A (en) * 1934-04-06 1939-03-21 Thoma Hans Power transmission mechanism
US2743792A (en) * 1951-10-11 1956-05-01 Richard B Ransom Rotary motion resisting device
US2989161A (en) * 1955-11-25 1961-06-20 Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd Electromagnetic clutch with stationary coil

Cited By (43)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3174586A (en) * 1962-06-01 1965-03-23 Fichtel & Sachs Ag Back pedaling brake for coaster hubs
US3251200A (en) * 1964-05-06 1966-05-17 John C Spracklin Bidirectional self-resetting overload slip clutch
US3433327A (en) * 1966-06-29 1969-03-18 Thionville Laminoirs A Froid Braking surface for the rims of bicycle wheels
US3385412A (en) * 1967-01-09 1968-05-28 Case Co J I Oil-cooled friction clutch
US3760922A (en) * 1970-07-18 1973-09-25 Ferguson Ltd H Rotary couplings
US3904004A (en) * 1973-02-08 1975-09-09 Skf Ind Trading & Dev Overrunning clutch
US4004641A (en) * 1975-02-24 1977-01-25 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Motor grader drawbar assembly with safety clutch mechanism
US3981381A (en) * 1975-03-10 1976-09-21 Borg-Warner Corporation Self-contained multiplate wet clutch
US4022298A (en) * 1976-03-29 1977-05-10 D.A.B. Industries, Inc. Wet disc brake
US4982808A (en) * 1987-01-27 1991-01-08 Viscodrive Gmbh Viscous shear coupling
US5060775A (en) * 1989-10-13 1991-10-29 Viscodrive Gmbh Fluid friction coupling
US5002517A (en) * 1989-11-07 1991-03-26 Power Transmission Tech., Inc. Friction disc torque limiter
AT402226B (en) * 1990-03-16 1997-03-25 Viscodrive Japan Visco coupling
US5398793A (en) * 1991-06-25 1995-03-21 New Venture Gear, Inc. Viscous coupling apparatus with opposing coined plates
US6135256A (en) * 1996-12-10 2000-10-24 Dynax Corporation Wet friction disc clutch
US6047806A (en) * 1997-05-16 2000-04-11 Mannesmann Sachs Ag Hydrodynamic torque converter with depressions in the extension area of the friction linings
FR2811726A1 (en) * 2000-07-17 2002-01-18 Mannesmann Sachs Ag Multiple clutch for motor vehicle transmission has pair of clutches driving respective outputs and with vibration damper
WO2004013508A1 (en) * 2002-07-31 2004-02-12 Zf Sachs Ag Clutch arrangement
US20060163023A1 (en) * 2002-07-31 2006-07-27 Jorg Sudau Clutch arrangement
US7216750B2 (en) 2002-07-31 2007-05-15 Zf Sachs Ag Clutch arrangement
EP1630441B2 (en) 2004-08-26 2015-02-11 Transmisiones y Equipos Mecánicos, S.A. de C.V. Wet clutch, in particular DCT clutch
US7766750B2 (en) * 2006-10-17 2010-08-03 Jlg Industries, Inc. Slip clutch
US20080090664A1 (en) * 2006-10-17 2008-04-17 Jlg Industries, Inc. Slip clutch
AU2007221791B2 (en) * 2006-10-17 2009-06-11 Jlg Industries, Inc. Slip clutch
EP2284412A1 (en) * 2006-10-17 2011-02-16 JLG Industries, Inc. Slip clutch
EP1939475A3 (en) * 2006-10-17 2010-05-05 JLG Industries, Inc. Slip clutch
EP1939475A2 (en) * 2006-10-17 2008-07-02 JLG Industries, Inc. Slip clutch
US20080179161A1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-07-31 Nsk-Warner K.K. Friction Plate for Wet-Type Multiplate Clutch
US20110000757A1 (en) * 2008-02-28 2011-01-06 Muizelaar Richard D Friction clutch and method to reduce drag loss in friction clutch
US8459432B2 (en) 2008-02-28 2013-06-11 Magna Powertrain, Inc. Friction clutch and method to reduce drag loss in friction clutch
US20100059326A1 (en) * 2008-09-05 2010-03-11 Miba Frictec Gmbh Friction lamella
US8517843B2 (en) * 2009-06-30 2013-08-27 Mitsubishi Nichiyu Forklift Co., Ltd. Torque limiting device
US20120018272A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2012-01-26 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Torque limiting device
CN103171867A (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-06-26 瑞班有限公司 Return stop
US9188166B2 (en) * 2011-12-22 2015-11-17 Ringspann Gmbh Return stop
US20130161151A1 (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-06-27 Ringspann Gmbh Return stop
DE102014201867A1 (en) 2013-02-22 2014-08-28 Magna Powertrain Ag & Co. Kg clutch disk for a multi-disk clutch, has spoke region that is provided between region of gearing and friction region, and arranged with tangential spokes on which region of gearing is connected with friction region
US20140311831A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 Transmission Cvtcorp Inc. Disk shaped lubricating fluid dispenser
DE102014208732A1 (en) * 2014-05-09 2015-11-12 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Slat for a multi-plate clutch of a motor vehicle
DE102015200467A1 (en) * 2015-01-14 2016-07-14 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Coupling device
DE102015114673A1 (en) * 2015-09-02 2017-03-02 Hoerbiger Antriebstechnik Holding Gmbh Steel friction plate and friction clutch with such friction plates and method for producing such a friction plate
CN107246448A (en) * 2015-09-02 2017-10-13 贺尔碧格传动技术控股有限公司 Method for manufacturing the steel friction plate for friction coupling
DE102016014672A1 (en) * 2016-12-09 2018-06-14 Daimler Ag Hybrid power car for a motor vehicle

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