US302244A - Chromatic-printing machine - Google PatentsChromatic-printing machine Download PDF
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- US302244A US302244A US302244DA US302244A US 302244 A US302244 A US 302244A US 302244D A US302244D A US 302244DA US 302244 A US302244 A US 302244A
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- 239000004575 stone Substances 0.000 description 44
- XLYOFNOQVPJJNP-UHFFFAOYSA-N water Substances O XLYOFNOQVPJJNP-UHFFFAOYSA-N 0.000 description 10
- 239000003086 colorant Substances 0.000 description 6
- HCHKCACWOHOZIP-UHFFFAOYSA-N zinc Chemical compound [Zn] HCHKCACWOHOZIP-UHFFFAOYSA-N 0.000 description 6
- 239000011701 zinc Substances 0.000 description 6
- 229910052725 zinc Inorganic materials 0.000 description 6
- XEEYBQQBJWHFJM-UHFFFAOYSA-N iron Chemical compound [Fe] XEEYBQQBJWHFJM-UHFFFAOYSA-N 0.000 description 4
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 4
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 description 4
- 239000001828 Gelatine Substances 0.000 description 2
- 235000008694 Humulus lupulus Nutrition 0.000 description 2
- 240000006600 Humulus lupulus Species 0.000 description 2
- 206010022114 Injury Diseases 0.000 description 2
- 235000009421 Myristica fragrans Nutrition 0.000 description 2
- 230000002745 absorbent Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000002250 absorbent Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000009825 accumulation Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000000994 depressed Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000003203 everyday Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000009432 framing Methods 0.000 description 2
- 229920000159 gelatin Polymers 0.000 description 2
- 235000019322 gelatine Nutrition 0.000 description 2
- 229910052742 iron Inorganic materials 0.000 description 2
- 239000010985 leather Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000001459 lithography Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000001115 mace Substances 0.000 description 2
- 239000002184 metal Substances 0.000 description 2
- 229910052751 metal Inorganic materials 0.000 description 2
- 230000004048 modification Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000006011 modification reaction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000036633 rest Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000000630 rising Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000003491 tear gas Substances 0.000 description 2
- 239000002023 wood Substances 0.000 description 2
- B—PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
- B41—PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
- B41F—PRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
- B41F7/00—Rotary lithographic machines
- B41F7/02—Rotary lithographic machines for offset printing
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 W. H. FORBES CHROMATIC PRINTING MACHINE.
N0.'302,244. Patented July 22, 1884.
ATTOR N EY 2
t e e h S 6 e h S 90 S E B R 0 F H M d 0 M O m CHROMATIC PRINTING MACHINE,
Patented July 22; 1884.
IINVENTOR ATTORNEY g, bra
vvqTNEssEs a J W (No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.
' W. H. FORBES.
GHROMATIO PRINTING MACHINE.
No. 302,244. Patented July 22, 1884.
ATTOR N EY mace,
IVILLIAM H. FORBES, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 302,244, dated July 22, 1884.
Application filed February 5, 1881. (N0 model.)
, To all whom it may concern:
presses, as heretofore conceived and made, are
designed to print on one sheet a continuous series of impressions from relief-plates or e11- graved wooden blocks in the typographic manner. The sheet, after it is received by the machine, is impressed in turn by each'form properly inked with the color it is intended each should print, and the result is a picture or design in which each color conduces to the general effect. There is no essential difficulty in producing good results in this way. If the attempt be now made to substitute for the relief-plates lithographic stones or zinc plates prepared with printable drawings or transfers, so as to produce a chromo-lithographic picture by consecutive priutings therefrom. an-insurmountable difficulty is met with. This is due to the fact that a printable lithographic or zincographic drawing is on the surface of the stone or metal, not raised above it, and the sheet of paper, while it is being printed, is therefore pressed into intimate contact with the whole surface. If, then, the same sheet be presented to a number of stones in rapid succession, each printing a different color, the fresh ink upon any one impression will offset where it overlaps upon the clean parts of the next-following stone, producing there a smear which will continue to grow both from the sheets and from the rollers, and which will in a short time destroy the work. It is for this reason that, in ordinary chromo-lithographic printing, the ink upon each successive impression is carefully and thoroughly dried, (several days being usually required for this purpose,) before the next-following impression is made upon the sheet. In producing chromographs from relief -plates this difficulty does not exist, because no offset of the ink' can take place, as only those parts of a plate come in contact with the sheet which are meant to print. The advantages of lithographic printing for color-work are, however, very great, for by that method the gradation and details of shading are much more readily, perfectly, and artistically obtained, and abetter result produced than is possible from relief-platcs or wood. bine these two methods, generally using lithographic, zincographic, or photo-collographic printing for the outline, most of the details, and the shadows, and reliefprinting for the colors required to complete the design, although this apportionment may be sometimes reversed or modified. I have found that excellent results can be producedby this combination, if
the first printing only in the series is made from stone or its equivalent in the lithographic manner; and that it is perfectly safe to print on the impression so made, and while its ink is still wet, with one or more relief-plates or engraved blocks, whereby I gain most of the advantages inherent in lithography, zincography, or photo-collography, joined with the great rapidity and chea'pness obtainable by typographic printing.
Although it is possible to combine the two methods by the simultaneous use oftwo presses, I prefer in the practice of my invention to employ a chromatic press of good construction, making certain essential changes and additions generally applicable to all presses of the kind, whether the printingsurfitce be convex or flat. These I proceed to particularize in connection with a known chromatic press, selecting for this purpose the press, aUnited States patent, which was granted to Thomas B. Dooley, December14, 1880, and numbered 235,606. This machine consists of two parallel cylinders, the surface-speed of each being the same. One of these is the form-cylinder, the other the impression-cylinder. The diameter of the former is to that of the latter as the number of forms the press prints plus one is to one. In the drawings forming part of this specification, the diameter of the form-cylinder of the press shown is four times that of the impression-cylinder.
The press is therefore adapted for printing three colors at every perfect revolution. The
In my invention I comsheet is taken by grippers on the impressioncylinder, and during three successive revolutions of said cylinder it is brought in contact, successively,with three different forms on the form-cylinder, completing the picture. During the fourth revolution the sheet is thrown off the impression-cylinder and another taken on. The inking of the forms is done by rollersa separate set for each form. Each roller runs in bearings attached to the side framing of the press, which can slide to and fro in the direction of the radius of the form-cylinder, and which are held by springs toward its axis. The spindle of each roller is provided near its ends with pulleys or collars, which run in V- shaped annular grooves on that part of the face of the form-cylinder which is outside the belt occupied by the formsone pair of grooves for eachset of rollers. The grooves and collars are so adjusted that if the former were complete all the way round the cylinder the rollers would never touch any of the forms. To ef feet the inking of any particular form, therefore, it is necessary to depress concentrically the two grooves belonging to its rollers for a space corresponding to its length, (nearly one fourth the circumference of the form-cylinder in the machine shown.) so that the rollers, under the influence of their springs, may run upon the form and ink it, rising out of the way of all other forms when that operation is over. The form-cylinder in this press is built up of short sections in a way made intelligi ble by the drawings in the patent hereinbefore cited. In this description reference is only made to those parts which are connected with the present invention. The way in which the I sheets are seized and discharged, the adjustment of the pressure exerted by the inkingrollers on the forms, the distribution of the ink, and other details need not be referred to, and will be found fully set forth in the abovementioncd patent.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a plan showing the press as seen from above, the feed-board, water-fountain, ink-fountains, and composition-rollers removed. Fig. 2 is a section on the line 00 00. As this line passes between two of the cylinder-sections, some of the surfaces in the view appear as in elevation. Fig. 3 is a plan showing a method of holding a number of stones. Fig. 4 is a sec tion of the foregoing on the line g y.-
As shown in Fig. 2, I place first in the series of forms attached to the form-cylinder a lithographic stone or its equivalent, so that the impression from it is always made upon a clean unprinted sheet, whereby the printingsurface suffers no injury. WVhen this printing-surface consists of zinc, or when the work has been produced photographically or otherwise on a collographic surface, which also admits of being readily bent, the shape of the cylinder need not be changed from that used for typographic forms, and such plates are fastened to the form-blocks in a way similar to that used for stereotype or electrotype relief-plates; but when alarge lithographic stone is to be printed from a modification is desirable of the shape of the short sections constituting the printing-belt of the form-cylinder. Such a stone, a, is shown in section in Fig. 2. Its upper surface is curved cylindrically, us ing the proper radius, and in the press its flat side rests upon a strong iron plate, I), to which it is firmly held by the angle-strips c c, the two outside faces of which meet at an obtuse angle. Two opposite edges of the stone are beveled to fit flat against the angle-strips,which latter are bolted to the plate by the bolts (2 d d, passing through oval slots in the strips, so that the stone may be laterally adjusted in every direction, with a view to the proper registration of the drawing upon it. The plate b has a flat surface provided for it upon the cylinder, and the screws 6 e from the inside (of which four or more may be used) enter the plate or projecting lugs upon the same, and hold it fast when its position has been properly determined. The screws f f f f, the nuts of which are attached to the cylinder, butt against the under side of the plate, and are used to lift or lower it, so that an equal and sufficient pressure shall be exerted upon the stone when it passes under the impression-cylinder in printing. It often happens that the work required from a press of this description is of small size, in
. which case several repetitions of the same design are printed at once, a blank margin being left between each. Under such circumstances several small slonescan be used. Figs. 3and 4 show in plan and section the manner in which four such small stones may be held .upon the plate Z). The face of the plate has two inclined surfaces,so constructed that stones of the usual thickness placed upon them will admit of being ground to the required curvature. The opposite edges of each stone are beveled, as in the previous case, and the rib and
anglestrips c c c 0 hold them to the plate. The methods which have been detailed accomplish the ends in View; but there are other ways of holding a lithographic stone or stones in place upon the fornrcylinder and making the proper adjustments with reference to register and the impression-cylinder, the consideration of all which at length is unnecessary. It may be added, also, in connection with this part of the subject, that should the accumulation of weight upon one side of the cylinder seriously disturb its balance the same may be restored by an adjustable counterpoise attached to its axis in a manner well understood.
WVhether the first printing be made from stone, zinc, or gelatine, it is necessary that the whole surface be evenly damped with water,
after each impression ,before the inking-rollers come upon it. This I accomplish by means of the rollers 71 71,, made of the usual absorbent material used by lithographers. The collars on the spindles of these rollers, like those used for printing in this kind of chromaticpress, are V-shaped, each consisting of two disks, and the riding-roller i, lying upon the damping-rollers, is like that in common use, and has also collars of a V shape, but reversed, to drop between and lie 011 those of the damp ing-rollers. The V-shaped grooves belonging to the damping-rollers are concentrically depressed in that quarter of the circumference of the form-cylinder in which the stoneis placed, so that the damping-rollers and their rider,
. drawn down by their respective springs kk k,
will fall upon the stone or other printing-surface as that surface passes under them, and rise out of the way when it is passed. In Fig. 2 these rollers are shown on the stone in the act of damping it. These rollers receive a suitable supply of water from the water fountain Z, the water being taken from the surface of the fountain-roller m by the carry ing-roller n, which vibrates between the fountain-roller and the rider c.
The mechanisms by which the fountainroller is driven and the carrying-roller made to vibrate, as well as that which controls the quantity of water supplied to the dampingrollers, are not shown in the drawings, as such devices are well known and understood and are in every-day use. The inking-
rollers 0 0, for the lithographic or equivalent printingsurface, follow the damping-rollers as closely as may be. They are constructed with the leather covering or other material used in the lithographic method of printing, and have in contact with them the distributing-roller 1).- Two inking-rollers are shown inthe drawings; but the number may of course be incrcased,to suit the requirements of the work,and the distribution of the ink carried from the fountain 1 may be made over any desirable number of intermediate rollers. Theinking-rollershave also V-shaped collars, which may run in the grooves upon the cylinder provided for the damping-rollers. In the position of the press shown in the drawings the inking-rollers are about to fall upon the stone. The rollers r r and s s are for inking the forms If and. u, respectively. Their general arrangement-is in all essential respects identical with the foregoing, and will be found fully set forth in the 7 United States Patent hereinbefore cited.
The production of a chromographic design consisting of three colors in this press would proceed as follows: Assuming all the forms to have been inked, a sheet is fed to the grippers on the impression-cylinder while the blank quarter of the form-cylinder is passing under the same. As both cylinders revolve, this sheet is brought into contact with the lithographic surface, and the first impression taken. The stone passes on, and is immediately damped by the rollers h h and subsequently inked by the
rollers o 0. In the meantime the first re- 1ief-form,t, passes under the impression-cylinder, and the second impression is printed, after which the third impression from the relief-form a is accomplished in like manner. During this last printing the grippers release the sheet, and its front edge is thrown over the delivery-board, on which it finally falls when the blank space upon the form-cylinder is again under the impression-cylinder, the grippers being then ready to seize the next sheet. At the close of the last printing, the form t begins to receive ink from the rollers r r, and during the next quarter-revolution the form a comes under the rollers s 8. In this way the several operations of damping, inking, and printing are accomplished, and a finished design is the result, in which the lithographic and typographic methods have been conjointly and advantageously employed in the production of work which has hitherto been equaled only when the sheets were dried after each printing.
Having thus described my invention and the manner in which the same is practically more relief-surfaces, m echanisms, substantially as described, adjacent to said cylinder for damping and inking the lithographic surface and inking the reliefsurface, and an impression-cylinder of relatively small size.
WILLIAM H. FORBES. Vitnesses:
O. F. STEPHENSON, CHAS. N. Snow.
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US302244A true US302244A (en)||1884-07-22|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US302244D Expired - Lifetime US302244A (en)||Chromatic-printing machine|
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|US (1)||US302244A (en)|
Cited By (1)
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|US6539859B2 (en)||2000-10-17||2003-04-01||Presstek, Inc.||Multicolor printing press|
- US US302244D patent/US302244A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
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