US3015943A - Seamless knitted hosiery article - Google Patents

Seamless knitted hosiery article Download PDF

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Publication number
US3015943A
US3015943A US585714A US58571456A US3015943A US 3015943 A US3015943 A US 3015943A US 585714 A US585714 A US 585714A US 58571456 A US58571456 A US 58571456A US 3015943 A US3015943 A US 3015943A
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United States
Prior art keywords
article
cardigan
leg
foot
footwear
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Expired - Lifetime
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US585714A
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Loizillon Guy
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D'ETUDES ET DE PARTICIPATIONS POUR L'INDUSTRIE ET LE COMMERCE de la BONNETERIE Ste
PARTICIPATIONS POUR L IND ET L
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PARTICIPATIONS POUR L IND ET L
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/22Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting goods of particular configuration
    • D04B1/24Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting goods of particular configuration wearing apparel
    • D04B1/26Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting goods of particular configuration wearing apparel stockings
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B9/00Circular knitting machines with independently-movable needles
    • D04B9/10Circular knitting machines with independently-movable needles with two needle cylinders for purl work or for Links-Links loop formation
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2403/00Details of fabric structure established in the fabric forming process
    • D10B2403/01Surface features
    • D10B2403/011Dissimilar front and back faces
    • D10B2403/0114Dissimilar front and back faces with one or more yarns appearing predominantly on one face, e.g. plated or paralleled yarns

Description

Jan. 9, 1962 G. LOIZILLON 3,015,943
SEAMLESS KNITTED HOSIERY ARTICLE Filed May 18, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG-1 FIGZ llVVENTOR GUY LO/Z/LLO/V Q i By M 5 M Af/arneys Jan. 9, 1962 G. LOIZILLON SEAMLESS KNITTED HOSIERYU'ARTICLE Filed May 18, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Af/arneys Jan. 9, 1962 G. LOIZILLON 3,
SEAMLESS KNITTED HOSIERY ARTICLE Filed May 18, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 GUY LO/Z/LLON BY Wm. 1%
ATTORNEYS.
United States Patent France Filed May 18, 1956, Ser. No. 585,714 Claims priority, application France May 21, 1955 2 Claims. (Cl. 66-188) The present invention relates to seamless knitted hosiery articles.
More particularly, the present invention relates to seamless stockings, half hose, socks and the like, knitted in the leg and sole with a half cardigan or a combination of half cardigan and another type of stitch.
In the knitting art, stitches called half cardigan have been known and applied for quite some time on straight-line frames for manufacturing underwear and outerwear clothing. This half cardigan has also been applied on straight line frames for manufacturing fullfashioned socks.
Furthermore, the half cardigan has been used on double cylinder circular frames for manufacturing seamless articles of footwear such as seamless stockings, half hose, socks, etc., with half cardigan at the top. This known method consists of accumulating in the lower cylinder 21 new loop in the needle hook with the old stitch at the main feed and casting off the tuck stitches at the secondary feed. However, no seamless article of footwear with half cardigan throughout the entire length of the leg and foot has heretofore been made, nor could such an article be made by any of the above-mentioned methods.
It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a seamless article of footwear, such as a stocking, half hose, sock, or the like, with half cardigan throughout the entire length of the leg and foot.
The present invention also concerns itself with a seamless article of footwear such as a stocking, half hose, sock or the like, in half cardigan tuck rib in the leg and foot and, with two different textile materials, so that one of the textile materials appears on the outside of the leg and foot of the article and the other appears in relief on the inside of the leg and foot of the article.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a seamless article of footwear of the above-mentioned type which comprises threads of synthetic material and natural fibers distributed in such a manner that they increase the useful life as well as the comfort of the article.
The objects of the present invention also include the provision of a seamless article of footwear of the above type which is specially adapted to the shape of the foot and does not twist on the leg.
Additional objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent upon consideration of the specification when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 shows an article of footwear with uniform half cardigan tuck rib in the leg and foot;
FIG. 2 shows an article of footwear with fancy half cardigan tuck rib in the leg and instep of the foot and ordinary half cardigan in the sole, the ordinary half cardigan being one made with the 1X1 arrangement of the needles and the fancy half cardigan being one made with another type of arrangement such as LXlXlXX in which 1 is representative of a stitch formed on the right side and X a stitch formed on the Wrong, or 'back, side of the article.
FIG. 3 shows an article of footwear with a combination half cardigan tuck rib and links-links loops in the leg and instep; and
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view, on a larger scale, of the outside of a half cardigan tuck rib knitted textile.
FIGS. 5 and 6 are fragmentary views, on a larger scale of the plated knitting of the heel and toe.
Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 shows an article of footwear with uniform half cardigan tuck rib in the leg and foot. The article is thus uniformly elastic.
FIG. 2 shows an article similar at FIG. 1, except that the leg and instep of the foot are fancy half cardigan tuck rib. This fancy half cardigan is made with longitudinal bands of half cardigan tuck rib stitches and longitudinal bands of reversed stitches.
The present invention also resides in an article of footwear with a combination of half cardigan tuck rib and loops called links-links, and such an arrangement is shown in FIG. 3. This particular article has been found to be better wearing than the articles shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 because, due to the great flexibility of half cardigan, once the article is on the foot it has a tendency to turn around with leg rubbing against the other, particularly when the Wearers legs are crossed, Whereas the article 'shown in FIG. 3, being made with a combination of half cardigan and links-links loops, offers the advantages of allowing the production of longitudinal stripes that are less elastic than the remainder of the article. This makes the article fit closer to the leg and thus prevents it from twisting around. FIG. 3 also shows a stripe of linkslinks loops at each heel corner, it being obvious that the number, width and position of these stripes may vary. Furthermore, it will also be noted that the article can be manufactured in different ways, according to the various types of double-cylinder machines used.
The articles of footwear according to the present invention are made on the double cylinder machines generally used for making stockings, half hose, socks, etc. However, these machines are modified for the purpose of making half cardigan tuck rib throughout the entire leg and foot while utilizing synthetic yarn at one feed and natural yarn at the other feed. In this manner, an article of footwear is obtained in which the synetheti-c yarn appears in the leg and foot at the outside While the natural yarn in relief is on the inside of the leg and foot of the article. Indeed, if a knitted article executed in half cardigan with the tuck inside i examined closely, see FIG. 4 which illustrates the front of the fabric or in the case of a sock, the outside thereof, it will be seen that the loop :1 appears only in relief on the outside (row I) of the knitted article; and, since loop part b is much larger than the ordinary loop 0, only the part b appears, to all intents and purposes, at the inside (row II).
With half cardigan tuck rib, if a row of natural textile material d and a row of synthetic textile material e are knitted, only the synthetic textile material will appear on the outside, and the natural textile material will appear in relief on the inside. Moreover, by using different colors, very beautiful fancy or multiple color effects can be obtained, these being called covered rib. By making the underside portion of the solo in uniformly colored half cardigan, the zebra appearance is avoided which is apparent in feet made with an ordinary double loop feed arrangement. Thus, the general appearance of the article is improved.
An article of footwear according to the present invention offers the following advantages:
Since the synthetic material is on the outside of the leg and foot, it is that material which is subjected to rubbing by the shoe. Consequently, the strength and wear resistance of synthetic fibers is imparted to the article.
Since the natural material is in cont act with the skin, the article offers all of the comfort and hygienic advantages of natural fibers.
Similar articles can be made which additionally possess the following characteristics:
The heel andtoe are plated with synthetic fiber outside and natural fiber inside. Thus, there is only one synthetic fiber outside and natural fiber inside, thereby preventing a mixture of these fibers on the outside of the heel and toe of the article. See FIGS. and 6, wherein 101 represents the synthetic fiber and 102 represents the natural fiber.
Suitable machines for making the articles disclosed herein as well as methods for making the same, are described and claimed in co-pending application Serial No. 656,838, filed May 3, 1957, which is a divisional application of the instant application. These machines and methods may also be used to produce an article of footwear with fancy or multi-color half cardigan in the leg and instep and'ordinary half cardigan in the sole, similar to that shown in FIG. 2. The advantage of such an artiole is that the fancy half cardigan in the leg and instep gives a better appearance to the article While the sole in ordinary half cardigan tuck rib has more rib stitches than a sole in fancy half cardigan. The Wear is thus distrib- V uted over a Wider surface, i.e., a larger number of stitches,
and will be less, thereby increasing the useful life of the article.
The present invention is not restricted to the examples given above, inasmuch as the present invention is susceptible to modification in order to adapt it to different usages and conditions and, accordingly, it is desired to comprehend such modifications within this invention as may fall Within the scope of the appended claims.
' 7 What I claim is:
a A portion, a heel pocket and a toe pocket, at least the major portion of the entire length of said leg and foot portions being knit with half cardigan tuck rib stitches, said half cardigan tuck rib stitches being formed of two different yarns, one of the yarns appearing on the outside of the leg and foot of the stocking, the other yarn appearing in relief on the inside of the leg and foot, and the two yarns maintaining the above-recited relationship throughout at least the major portion of the entire length of the leg and foot portions of the stocking, each of said yarns performing a separate and distinct function.
2. The stocking of 01 1, wherein substantially the entire length of said leg and foot portions are knit with half cardigan tuck rib stitches.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 357,068 Dal by Feb. 1, 1887 1,123,924 Quinn Jan. 5, 1915 1,890,416 Saftlas Dec. 6, 1932 1,994,653 Korber Mar. 19, 1935 2,293,639 Coleman Aug. 18, 1942 2,376,246 Getaz May 15, 1945 2,685,187 Deans Aug. 3, 1954 2,705,878 Thurston Apr. 12, 1955 2,745,269 Deans May 15, 1956 2,763,144 Bristow Sept. 18, 1956 2,789,422 Mill-s Apr. 23, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS 11,863 Great Britain July 21, 1894
US585714A 1955-05-21 1956-05-18 Seamless knitted hosiery article Expired - Lifetime US3015943A (en)

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FR1117252X 1955-05-21

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BE (1) BE543350A (en)
DE (1) DE1117252B (en)
FR (1) FR1125208A (en)
GB (1) GB827287A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3307379A (en) * 1962-03-30 1967-03-07 Whyte & Smith Ltd Men's hose or half hose or other knitwear articles
US3324686A (en) * 1965-03-04 1967-06-13 Rosenstein Nathan Hosiery with surface indicator, and method of making same
US4216662A (en) * 1978-03-03 1980-08-12 Pickett Hosiery Mills, Inc. Cushion stitch construction for men's hosiery
US4267710A (en) * 1976-10-18 1981-05-19 Mizuno Sporting Goods Co., Ltd. Double knit fabric with patterned loop interlocking
WO2003013289A2 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-02-20 Brand Factory Swiss Gmbh Piece of clothing
US20080295230A1 (en) * 2007-05-31 2008-12-04 Nike, Inc. Articles of Apparel Providing Enhanced Body Position Feedback
US20110203030A1 (en) * 2007-05-31 2011-08-25 Nike, Inc. Articles of Apparel Providing Enhanced Body Position Feedback
US20150245951A1 (en) * 2012-09-19 2015-09-03 Thuasne Method for producing a tubular compression item, and item thereby obtained
US9814273B2 (en) 2007-05-31 2017-11-14 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback
USD845611S1 (en) * 2018-02-15 2019-04-16 Alpin Corap Sanayi Ve Ticaret Anonim Sirketi Sock
US10455885B2 (en) 2014-10-02 2019-10-29 Adidas Ag Flat weft-knitted upper for sports shoes
US10834991B2 (en) 2013-04-19 2020-11-17 Adidas Ag Shoe
US10939729B2 (en) 2013-04-19 2021-03-09 Adidas Ag Knitted shoe upper
US11044963B2 (en) 2014-02-11 2021-06-29 Adidas Ag Soccer shoe
US11131044B2 (en) * 2012-09-19 2021-09-28 Thuasne Method for producing a tubular compression item, and item thereby obtained

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3261183A (en) * 1961-07-18 1966-07-19 Midland Hosiery Mills Ltd Method of tucking on upper cylinder needles

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US357068A (en) * 1887-02-01 Undershirt or vest
GB189411863A (en) * 1894-06-19 1894-07-21 Gustav Friedrich Grosser Improvements in or connected with Knitting Machines.
US1123924A (en) * 1910-04-18 1915-01-05 Gen Knit Fabric Company Knitted fabric.
US1890416A (en) * 1930-09-09 1932-12-06 Saftlas Joseph Tubular knit ribbed fabric
US1994653A (en) * 1932-03-04 1935-03-19 Firm Edouard Dobied & Cie Sa Jacquard mechanism controlled knitting machine
US2293639A (en) * 1936-10-20 1942-08-18 Scott & Williams Inc Knitted fabric
US2376246A (en) * 1941-01-10 1945-05-15 Scott & Williams Inc Knitting method and product thereof
US2685187A (en) * 1950-03-24 1954-08-03 Bentley Eng Co Ltd Seamless sock or the like
US2705878A (en) * 1948-03-31 1955-04-12 Interwoven Stocking Co Circular knitting machine
US2745269A (en) * 1950-03-24 1956-05-15 Bentley Eng Co Ltd Knitting machine of the opposed needle cylinder type
US2763144A (en) * 1951-08-11 1956-09-18 Scott & Williams Inc Knitting machine and method of knitting
US2789422A (en) * 1957-04-23 Yarn feeding means for circular knitting machines

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH137188A (en) * 1928-10-31 1929-12-31 Adolf & Norbert Kramer Fa Stocking or socks.
US2188241A (en) * 1937-04-19 1940-01-23 Robert E Davis Self-supporting stocking
DE830376C (en) * 1944-10-12 1952-02-04 Scott & Williams Inc Knitting machine

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US357068A (en) * 1887-02-01 Undershirt or vest
US2789422A (en) * 1957-04-23 Yarn feeding means for circular knitting machines
GB189411863A (en) * 1894-06-19 1894-07-21 Gustav Friedrich Grosser Improvements in or connected with Knitting Machines.
US1123924A (en) * 1910-04-18 1915-01-05 Gen Knit Fabric Company Knitted fabric.
US1890416A (en) * 1930-09-09 1932-12-06 Saftlas Joseph Tubular knit ribbed fabric
US1994653A (en) * 1932-03-04 1935-03-19 Firm Edouard Dobied & Cie Sa Jacquard mechanism controlled knitting machine
US2293639A (en) * 1936-10-20 1942-08-18 Scott & Williams Inc Knitted fabric
US2376246A (en) * 1941-01-10 1945-05-15 Scott & Williams Inc Knitting method and product thereof
US2705878A (en) * 1948-03-31 1955-04-12 Interwoven Stocking Co Circular knitting machine
US2685187A (en) * 1950-03-24 1954-08-03 Bentley Eng Co Ltd Seamless sock or the like
US2745269A (en) * 1950-03-24 1956-05-15 Bentley Eng Co Ltd Knitting machine of the opposed needle cylinder type
US2763144A (en) * 1951-08-11 1956-09-18 Scott & Williams Inc Knitting machine and method of knitting

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3307379A (en) * 1962-03-30 1967-03-07 Whyte & Smith Ltd Men's hose or half hose or other knitwear articles
US3324686A (en) * 1965-03-04 1967-06-13 Rosenstein Nathan Hosiery with surface indicator, and method of making same
US4267710A (en) * 1976-10-18 1981-05-19 Mizuno Sporting Goods Co., Ltd. Double knit fabric with patterned loop interlocking
US4216662A (en) * 1978-03-03 1980-08-12 Pickett Hosiery Mills, Inc. Cushion stitch construction for men's hosiery
WO2003013289A2 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-02-20 Brand Factory Swiss Gmbh Piece of clothing
WO2003013289A3 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-05-01 Brand Factory Swiss Gmbh Piece of clothing
US10863782B2 (en) 2007-05-31 2020-12-15 Nike, Inc. Article of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback
US7996924B2 (en) * 2007-05-31 2011-08-16 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback
US20110203030A1 (en) * 2007-05-31 2011-08-25 Nike, Inc. Articles of Apparel Providing Enhanced Body Position Feedback
US8516616B2 (en) 2007-05-31 2013-08-27 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback
US8918917B2 (en) * 2007-05-31 2014-12-30 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback
US10863781B2 (en) 2007-05-31 2020-12-15 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback
US20080295230A1 (en) * 2007-05-31 2008-12-04 Nike, Inc. Articles of Apparel Providing Enhanced Body Position Feedback
US9814273B2 (en) 2007-05-31 2017-11-14 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback
US9622518B2 (en) 2007-05-31 2017-04-18 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback
US11131044B2 (en) * 2012-09-19 2021-09-28 Thuasne Method for producing a tubular compression item, and item thereby obtained
US20150245951A1 (en) * 2012-09-19 2015-09-03 Thuasne Method for producing a tubular compression item, and item thereby obtained
US10834991B2 (en) 2013-04-19 2020-11-17 Adidas Ag Shoe
US11129433B2 (en) 2013-04-19 2021-09-28 Adidas Ag Shoe
US10939729B2 (en) 2013-04-19 2021-03-09 Adidas Ag Knitted shoe upper
US11116275B2 (en) 2013-04-19 2021-09-14 Adidas Ag Shoe
US10834992B2 (en) 2013-04-19 2020-11-17 Adidas Ag Shoe
US11044963B2 (en) 2014-02-11 2021-06-29 Adidas Ag Soccer shoe
US10455885B2 (en) 2014-10-02 2019-10-29 Adidas Ag Flat weft-knitted upper for sports shoes
USD845611S1 (en) * 2018-02-15 2019-04-16 Alpin Corap Sanayi Ve Ticaret Anonim Sirketi Sock

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Publication number Publication date
GB827287A (en) 1960-02-03
FR1125208A (en) 1956-10-26
BE543350A (en)
DE1117252B (en) 1961-11-16

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