US3012291A - Collapsible portable building - Google Patents

Collapsible portable building Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3012291A
US3012291A US78495759A US3012291A US 3012291 A US3012291 A US 3012291A US 78495759 A US78495759 A US 78495759A US 3012291 A US3012291 A US 3012291A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sections
outer
building
section
walls
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Donald W Rice
Original Assignee
Donald W Rice
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/344Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport with hinged parts
    • E04B1/3442Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport with hinged parts folding out from a core cell

Description

Dec. 12, 1961 D. W. RICE COLLAPSIBLE PORTABLE BUILDING 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 5, 1959 Dec. 12, 1961 D. w. RICE COLLAPSIBLE PORTABLE BUILDING 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 5, 1959 INVENTOR. DONALD W. RICE Ar'roRuiYs United States Patent Ofiice 3,612,291 Patented Dec. 12, 1961 3,012,291 COLLAPSIBLE PORTABLE BUILDING Donald W. Rice, 416 Cedar Ave. E., St. Charles, Ill. Filed Jan. 5, 1959, Ser. No. 784,957 1 Claim. (Cl. 202) This invention relates to a portable building which can be partially collapsed to reduce the size thereof while being moved.

A collapsible building according to the invention has particular applicability for house trailers which are frequently transported from place to place. The size of such trailers is limited by the roads over which they are towed and by state regulations which are in force in almost all states. A trailer according to the invention can be designed within these limits and yet provide up to three times the floor space otherwise available in a trailer of the same basic size. However, the new portable building has many other uses for which the invention is equally advantageous. For example, the building is useful as a tool shed for a contractor for the storing of tools and of materials at a job site. In such a case, the building can be provided with skids and carried on a flat bed truck or provided with wheels and pulled similarly to a house trailer. In this manner, the building can be easily transported from one job site to another. Along the same line, the building can be used for those contractors doing work within large factory buildings in which large installations are made, such as soaking pit installations, or the like. For this purpose, a tool house or building designed according to the invention can be easily brought into the factory through the ordinary doors provided and equally well towed through the usual factory aisles; i The contractor thus has protection for his desks, records, and particularly for larger equipment which otherwise frequently must be left out in the open. The new structure can also be employed in multiple units to constitute a composite prefabricated, collapsible building. Used in this manner, each of the building structures is only part of the complete building.

Although collapsible buildings are known in the art, the new building according to the present invention is easier to expand and collapse because it has fewer sections which must be folded and unfolded. This results in fewer joints which, in turn, reduces the cost of the building and decreases weather proofing problems and the like.

It is, therefore, a principal object of the invention to provide an improved portable building adaptable for many uses and having many advantages as discussed above.

Numerous other advantages of a portable building according to the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment thereof, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a view in perspective of a building constructed in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a view in perspective of the building shown in FIG. 1, with the roof removed;

FIG. 3 is a view in perspective of the same building with sections thereof partially collapsed;

FIG. 4 is an end view of the building including the root, with one side thereof fully collapsed;-

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary view in cross section of a modification of the building of FIG. 1 with a modified roof shown partially collapsed;

FIG. 6 is an end View of the building shown in FIG. 5, with one portion of the roof completely collapsed; and

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary view in elevation of a support for a portion of the building.

Referring to the drawings, and more particularly FIGS.

2 1-4, a collapsible, portable building according to the invention is indicated at 10 and has end walls 12 and 14, side walls 16 and 18, a floor 20, and a roof 22.

The end walls 12 and 14 comprise three main sections 24, 26, 28, and 30, 32, 34, respectively, with the outer sections 24, 28 and 30, 34 movable, being pivotally joined to the stationary center sections 26 and 32. All of the outer sections are pivotally joined to the center sections so as to pivot toward a common direction, preferably toward the rear. A door 36 is located in one of the walls or sections, such as the center section 26, and windows 38 are suitably disposed in the side walls 16 and 18 and can also be in the end walls, wherever desired.

The side walls 16 and 18 are single rigid sections pivotally joined to the outer edges of the outer sections 24, 28 and 30, 34. The joints between the side walls 16 and 18 and the outer sections 24 and 28 of the front end wall 12 enable the side walls and outer sections to be swung away from one another on a straight line, and the similar joints for the outer sections 30 and 34 of the rear end wall 14 are designed to enable the outer sections and side walls to be swung toward one another so as to overlap.

The floor 20 comprises three sections somewhat similar to those of the end walls 12 and 14, including an outer section 40, a stationary center section 42, and another outer section 44. The outer sections are pivotally joined to the stationary center section so they can be folded upwardly and assume a vertical position, parallel to the side walls 16 and 18. The outer sections 40, 44 are of approximately the same width as the end wall outer sections 24, 28 and 30, 34 with the joints between the outer sections and the center, stationary sections of the floor 20 and the end walls 12 and 14 being in approximately the same plane.

The roof 22 includes an outer movable section 46, two center, stationary sections 48 and 50, and another outer, movable section 52. The outer sections 46 and 52 are pivotally joined to the center sections 48 and 50 so as to swing upwardly onto the stationary sections or, preferably, swing downwardly, adjacent the side walls, with the joint line being approximately in the same plane as the joint lines between the center and outer sections of the end Walls and door. Three longitudinal beams 53 may be fixed to the central part of the building by dropping them in notches in the end walls and partition near the joint lines and peak of the roof sections to provide additional strength and stiifness. The center roof sections 48 and 50 can be hinged to the center beam 53 so that these sections can be swung upwardly, if desired. The roof joints can be made leakproof in various ways as by placing one row of shingles 54 so that they overlap the pivotal I joint lines, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 4. The shingles 54 on the outer sections 46 and 52, when swung upwardly, will underlie portions of the shingles on the center sections 48 and 50 and thereby provide leakproof joints. Joints of the side and end walls can be made leakproof I by the use of any suitable and known expedients such as aluminum extrusions and rubber moldings.

With the building expanded as shown in FIG. 1, it can be collapsed as follows: The outer floor sections 40 and 44 are swung upwardly about their pivotal joints to vertical positions, as shown in FIG. 3. Each of the side walls 16 and 18 are then pushed inwardly toward the rear until they reach a position adjacent the floor sections 40 and 44. The side wall 16 is shown in a partially collapsed position in FIG. 3. The outer roof sections 46 and 52 are then swung downwardly adjacent the side walls 16 and 18. The collapsed building thereby assumes a width only approximately one-third, more or less as desired, as much as when expanded.

Although the sections can be moved with mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, or pneumatic devices, for most buildings such controls are not used because they add excessively to the cost thereof for the amount they are used. To raise the floor sections 40 and .44, ropes can be atfixed near the outer edges and pulled upwardly by one or more men, depending on the weight of the sections, who stand on the center, stationary section 42. The side walls 16 and 18 can be easily pushed rearwardly and inwardly and the outer roof sections. 46 and 52 can be propped up until the side walls 16 and 18 are fully collapsed, at which time the sections 46 and 52 can be simply swung downwardly to a position adjacent the side walls, as by the roof section 52 in FIG. 4.

In many instances partitions will be desired in the portable building to divide it into separate spaces for different functions. For this purpose, a partition 54 is provided which extends longitudinally along the central floor section 42 from the rear end wall 14. A lateral partition 56 extends laterally to the partition 54 between the pivotal joints of the outer floor sections 40, 44 and the center section 42. At one edge of the partition 56 is a movable partition 58 which is pivotally joined tothe partition 56 and can be swung inwardly so as to be positioned slightly inwardly from the joint between the floor sections 42 and 44. The movable partition 58is swung inwardly when it is desired to fold up the floor section 44 illustrated and collapse the building. A door 60 can be located in the partition 58.

Heavy objects, such as stoves, refrigerators, and sinks, are located permanently on the center, stationary floor section 42 while other objects, normally'located on the outer floor sections 40 and 44, .can be moved inwardly to the center section 42 when the building is to be callapsed and transported. Wall type beds which swing upwardly into a wall adjacent the headboard are particularly effective for trailers embodying the invention because such beds can be swung upwardly adjacent a central partition, such as the partition 54, when it is desired to collapse the trailer. If the building is employed as a tool shed, all the contents, particularly heavy items, need not be removed when changing from one job site to another but can simply be located on the central floor section. It is to be understood that there is substantially no limit to the number of schemes possible for the design and location of partitions and the location of objects in a building according to the invention.

Skids 61 can be provided under the center floor section for towing the building 10 short distances, as onto.

the bed of a truck. The skids can be modified to serve as bearing blocks for removable wheel and axle assemblies. Further, the wheels can be rotatably mounted on the outer floor sections so that they fold under them when they are moved to horizontal positions. When the outer floor sections are moved to vertical positions the wheels will similarly move and can then rotatably support the building between the outer floor sections and the side walls.

In some instances, the portable building will .be sufficiently high that it will be desirable to decrease overall height when being moved. For this purpose, a modified portable building 62 can be employed, as shown in FIGS.

7 and 6. This building includes the same floor 20 and side walls 16 and 18, but has modified end walls 64 and 66, a modified roof 68, and a lateral partition 70. The end wall 64 has outer, center, and other outer sections 72, 74, 76 and the end wall 66 has similar sections. The sections 72, 74, and 76 have upper movable segments 78, 80, 82, and 84, which are pivotally joined to the sections 72, 74, 76 so as to swing toward the rear end Wall 66. The rear end wall 66 has similar movable segments only a center segment 86 ofwhich is shown. The partition 70 has two movable segments similar to the segments 80 and 82, only one of which, segment 88, is shown. The roof 68 includes an outer section 90, two central sections 92 and 94, and another outer section 96. The outer roof sections 90 and '96 are pivotally joined to the central Sections 92 and 94 near the joints between the outer end wall sections 72 and 76 and the center end wall section 74. The center roof sections 92 and 94 are pivotally attached to the peaks of the upper center segments of the end walls and partition. When the upper sections are moved to a horizontal position, the roof sections 92 and 94similarly move to cause the joint lines between the outer sections 90 and 96 and the center sections 92 and 94 to move outwardly beyond the joints of the outer end wall sections 72 and 76 and the center end wall section 74. The outer roof sections 90 and 96 can thereby swing downwardly adjacent the side walls 16 and 18, as before. The center roof sections 86 and 88 are separate so that each half of the roof 68 can be swung downwardly separately so as to be more easily handled. If desired, however, the sections 86 and 88 can be pivotally joined at the peak and swung down to a horizontal position together, along with the outer sections 90 and 96. A split beam 97 similar to the beams 53 can be used for additional support or, when the sections 86 and 88 are joined, a single beam can be placed at the peaks of the upper,-movable segments of the end walls and partition.

To collapse the building 62, the outer floor sections are raised as before. The movable upper segments 78 and 84 of the outer sections 72 and 76 and the corresponding movable segments of the rearend wall 66 are then swung downwardly and toward the rear so as to overlap the Sections to which they are pivotally joined. The side walls are next collapsed as before. The center movable sections 80, 82, 86, and 88, and the others not shown, are then swung toward the rear to horizontal positions and the center roof sections are thereby similarly lowered to horizontal positions. At this time, the outer roof sections 90, 96 are swung downwardly.

When a building according to the invention is to be located at one place permanently or semi-permanently, it can be set on a concrete block foundation or the like. For temporary locations, a support 98, as shown in FIG. 7, can be employed to support the outer floor sections 40 and 44. The support includes a ground anchor 100 having a point 102, a flange 104, and a threaded shank 106. The shank is connected to member 108 which is rotatably connected to a bar 110 by a ball and socket connection 112 or the like, the parts 106 and 108 being screwed together if desired. The bar 110 is pivoted to an ear 114 attached to the lower surface of the floor section 40.

The ground anchor 100 may be detached from the member 108 when not in use, and the member 108 and the bar 110 may be swung against the floor section 40 when moved to a vertical position. When the support 98 is to be used again, the shank 106 is screwed partly into the member 108 and a shallowhole can be dug in the ground at the spot where the; flange 104 will contact it. The section 40 is then moved to a horizontal position with the shank 106 and the member 108 in vertical positions. The shank 106 can then be screwed further into or out of the member 108 to level the floor section 40.

. The invention basically comprises a portable building having end walls each divided into at least a stationary and a movable section, with each mobile section capable of being swung in the same direction, single side walls at least one of which is pivotally attached to the outer edges of the outer movable section, a floor divided into at least a stationary and a movable section which can'be swung pivotally upwardly parallel to the side walls, and a roof having at least a stationary and movable section which can be swung pivotally upwardly parallelto the side walls,

and a roof having at least a stationary and a movable sec- I claim:

A collapsible building structure comprising a floor including a center stationary section and two outer, movable sections pivotally joined to said center section to pivot about the joints from generally horizontal to generally vertical positions, a front end wall including a center stationary section and two outer movable sections pivotally joined along vertical lines to the front end wall center section to pivot toward the rear of the building, a rear end Wall including a center, stationary section and two outer, movable sections pivotally joined along vertical lines to the rear center section to pivot toward the rear in the same direction as the front outer sections, side walls pivotally attached to the outer edges of the front and rear outer sections, said stationary front and rear center sections having upper movable segments pivotally attached to said stationary sections along horizontal lines for movement toward the rear of said building in the same direction as said side walls, and two roof sections, each of which is pivotally attached to peaks of both of said upper segments to move therewith, for forming a pitched roof when said segments are vertical and for lying in adjacent relationship in a common plane when said segments are in horizontal position toward the rear.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,845,663 Harr Aug. 5, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 699,753 Great Britain Nov. 18, 1953

US3012291A 1959-01-05 1959-01-05 Collapsible portable building Expired - Lifetime US3012291A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3012291A US3012291A (en) 1959-01-05 1959-01-05 Collapsible portable building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3012291A US3012291A (en) 1959-01-05 1959-01-05 Collapsible portable building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3012291A true US3012291A (en) 1961-12-12

Family

ID=25134054

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3012291A Expired - Lifetime US3012291A (en) 1959-01-05 1959-01-05 Collapsible portable building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3012291A (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3168762A (en) * 1961-11-13 1965-02-09 Forrest W Laidler Foldable mobile building
US3313562A (en) * 1964-04-27 1967-04-11 Donald W Rice Structural pivot joint
US3348344A (en) * 1964-02-19 1967-10-24 Tatevossian Leon Transportable building contruction with an extendable body structure
US3788018A (en) * 1971-05-13 1974-01-29 Standard Fabricated Prod Co Prefabricated multi-story stair assembly
US3831337A (en) * 1972-08-02 1974-08-27 D Johnson Method of erecting foldable building structures
US3845595A (en) * 1973-03-19 1974-11-05 V Abrams Portable buildings
US3847521A (en) * 1971-11-18 1974-11-12 Grey Tech Ind Inc Hinged roof and sidewall forms for a monolithic structure
US3862526A (en) * 1972-12-11 1975-01-28 Joseph B Loughlin Foldable a-frame mobile home
US3999338A (en) * 1975-09-18 1976-12-28 Hill-Behan Lumber Company Roof framework employing slotted gable construction
US4003167A (en) * 1975-03-03 1977-01-18 Saunders Reginald E Cabin construction
US4008546A (en) * 1976-04-22 1977-02-22 Panagiotis Bourboulis Building construction
US4074475A (en) * 1977-01-28 1978-02-21 Building Components Research, Inc. Collapsible room module construction and method of assembly
US4633626A (en) * 1984-12-03 1987-01-06 The Budd Company Knock-down extendible shelter
WO1992017667A1 (en) * 1991-03-28 1992-10-15 Advanced Engineering Products, Inc. An expansible inhabitation module
US5444944A (en) * 1992-02-25 1995-08-29 Roelofsz; Malcolm J. C. Low cost collapsible enclosure
DE19902210A1 (en) * 1999-01-21 2000-08-10 D.D.C. Planungs-, Entwicklungs- Und Management Ag Gable roof building whose gable parts have integrated swivel to fold down onto or away from second gable part using roof part positions either normal to walls or folded parallel.
GB2391026A (en) * 2002-07-12 2004-01-28 Smartroof Ltd A roofing system and roofing panel therefore
US20050284039A1 (en) * 2004-06-07 2005-12-29 Richard Bouverat Roofing system, roof panel therefor, and method of assembling a roof
US20070289240A1 (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-12-20 Viviano Robert P Self aligning three dimensional support structure for a roof constructed with prefabricated components
US20090061729A1 (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-05 Randy Boerman Play structure, kit, and method
US20090120021A1 (en) * 2007-11-13 2009-05-14 Hill Don A Modular structure
BE1018099A5 (en) * 2008-04-17 2010-05-04 Heeren Raf Garage Bv Met Beper Movable shelter.
US20110289860A1 (en) * 2009-02-05 2011-12-01 Blue Planet Buildings (Uk) Limited Modular assembly shelter
US20140033619A1 (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-06 Matt Merchant Modular Living Structure

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB699753A (en) * 1951-01-22 1953-11-18 Faville Clement Poulton Improvements in and relating to caravans and transportable buildings
US2845663A (en) * 1956-12-11 1958-08-05 Sportsman Sleeper Inc Folding trailer body

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB699753A (en) * 1951-01-22 1953-11-18 Faville Clement Poulton Improvements in and relating to caravans and transportable buildings
US2845663A (en) * 1956-12-11 1958-08-05 Sportsman Sleeper Inc Folding trailer body

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3168762A (en) * 1961-11-13 1965-02-09 Forrest W Laidler Foldable mobile building
US3348344A (en) * 1964-02-19 1967-10-24 Tatevossian Leon Transportable building contruction with an extendable body structure
US3313562A (en) * 1964-04-27 1967-04-11 Donald W Rice Structural pivot joint
US3788018A (en) * 1971-05-13 1974-01-29 Standard Fabricated Prod Co Prefabricated multi-story stair assembly
US3847521A (en) * 1971-11-18 1974-11-12 Grey Tech Ind Inc Hinged roof and sidewall forms for a monolithic structure
US3831337A (en) * 1972-08-02 1974-08-27 D Johnson Method of erecting foldable building structures
US3862526A (en) * 1972-12-11 1975-01-28 Joseph B Loughlin Foldable a-frame mobile home
US3845595A (en) * 1973-03-19 1974-11-05 V Abrams Portable buildings
US4003167A (en) * 1975-03-03 1977-01-18 Saunders Reginald E Cabin construction
US3999338A (en) * 1975-09-18 1976-12-28 Hill-Behan Lumber Company Roof framework employing slotted gable construction
US4008546A (en) * 1976-04-22 1977-02-22 Panagiotis Bourboulis Building construction
US4074475A (en) * 1977-01-28 1978-02-21 Building Components Research, Inc. Collapsible room module construction and method of assembly
US4633626A (en) * 1984-12-03 1987-01-06 The Budd Company Knock-down extendible shelter
WO1992017667A1 (en) * 1991-03-28 1992-10-15 Advanced Engineering Products, Inc. An expansible inhabitation module
US5444944A (en) * 1992-02-25 1995-08-29 Roelofsz; Malcolm J. C. Low cost collapsible enclosure
DE19902210A1 (en) * 1999-01-21 2000-08-10 D.D.C. Planungs-, Entwicklungs- Und Management Ag Gable roof building whose gable parts have integrated swivel to fold down onto or away from second gable part using roof part positions either normal to walls or folded parallel.
GB2391026A (en) * 2002-07-12 2004-01-28 Smartroof Ltd A roofing system and roofing panel therefore
GB2391026B (en) * 2002-07-12 2005-11-16 Smartroof Ltd Roofing system and method of assembling a roof
US20050284039A1 (en) * 2004-06-07 2005-12-29 Richard Bouverat Roofing system, roof panel therefor, and method of assembling a roof
US20070289240A1 (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-12-20 Viviano Robert P Self aligning three dimensional support structure for a roof constructed with prefabricated components
US20090061729A1 (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-05 Randy Boerman Play structure, kit, and method
US20090120021A1 (en) * 2007-11-13 2009-05-14 Hill Don A Modular structure
BE1018099A5 (en) * 2008-04-17 2010-05-04 Heeren Raf Garage Bv Met Beper Movable shelter.
US20110289860A1 (en) * 2009-02-05 2011-12-01 Blue Planet Buildings (Uk) Limited Modular assembly shelter
US8973335B2 (en) * 2009-02-05 2015-03-10 Blue Planet Buildings (Uk) Limited Modular assembly shelter
US20140033619A1 (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-06 Matt Merchant Modular Living Structure

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3620564A (en) Mobile center
US3466082A (en) Pickup truck bed mounted camper tent
US3572809A (en) Expansible mobile home and fittings therefore
US3156018A (en) Plant-manufactured building structure
US3570695A (en) Vehicle for carrying and stacking containers
US3475008A (en) Trailer jack
US3546831A (en) Building erection means
US2898144A (en) Floor supporting means for expansible trailers
US5237784A (en) Shelter container fit for habitation with extendible inner volume
US6675540B1 (en) Portable building for human occupancy
US6135525A (en) Expandable portable shelter
US7306055B2 (en) Automatic method for installing mobile drilling rig at a drilling site
US3139958A (en) Portable foldable building structure
US4527941A (en) Expandable support structure usable as loading ramp
US5291701A (en) Extendible rigid construction
US3245714A (en) Expandable truck bed
US2167557A (en) Folding wall construction for trailers
US5417539A (en) Transportation trailer for a modular home unit
US4630627A (en) Collapsible frame structure
US4170852A (en) Articulated prefabricated modular building and method of erecting the same
US3895726A (en) Movable auger rack
US5865410A (en) Universal staging bracket
US7017975B2 (en) Equipment-hauling expandable shelter
US7308953B2 (en) Mobile drilling rig
US4026076A (en) Portable stage