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US3011257A - Fiber breaking and directing machines - Google Patents

Fiber breaking and directing machines Download PDF

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Publication number
US3011257A
US3011257A US379260A US3011257A US 3011257 A US3011257 A US 3011257A US 379260 A US379260 A US 379260A US 3011257 A US3011257 A US 3011257A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
motor
air
fibers
housing
roller
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Julien G Bamberger
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Masco Corp
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Masco Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C41/00Shaping by coating a mould, core or other substrate, i.e. by depositing material and stripping-off the shaped article; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C41/34Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C41/36Feeding the material on to the mould, core or other substrate
    • B29C41/365Construction of spray-up equipment, e.g. spray-up guns
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03BMANUFACTURE, SHAPING, OR SUPPLEMENTARY PROCESSES
    • C03B37/00Manufacture or treatment of flakes, fibres, or filaments from softened glass, minerals, or slags
    • C03B37/10Non-chemical treatment
    • C03B37/16Cutting or severing
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01GPRELIMINARY TREATMENT OF FIBRES, e.g. FOR SPINNING
    • D01G1/00Severing continuous filaments or long fibres, e.g. stapling
    • D01G1/02Severing continuous filaments or long fibres, e.g. stapling to form staple fibres not delivered in strand form
    • D01G1/04Severing continuous filaments or long fibres, e.g. stapling to form staple fibres not delivered in strand form by cutting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S83/00Cutting
    • Y10S83/913Filament to staple fiber cutting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T225/00Severing by tearing or breaking
    • Y10T225/30Breaking or tearing apparatus
    • Y10T225/371Movable breaking tool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/202With product handling means
    • Y10T83/2066By fluid current

Description

Dec. 5, 1961 J. G. BAMBERGER 3,011,257

FIBER BREAKING AND DIRECTING MACHINES Filed Jan. 21, 1960 N 25 Jim/ENG DAMBERGER.

Unite ,i

3,011,257 FIBER BREAKHNG AND DIREC'IENG MACHINES lulien G. Bamberger, Milwaukee, Wis, assignor to Masco Corporation, Milwaukee, Wis, a corporation of Wiscousin Filed Jan. 21, 1969, Ser. No. 3,792

4 Claims. (Cl. 30-128) States atent The general purpose of the present invention is to provide a simple and efiicicnt device for use in manufacturing fiberglass products, or products formed of plastic or similar materials having a multiplicity of fibers embedded therein for reinforcement. The fibers employed in such materials are ordinarily purchased in the form of elongated rovings carried on spools, each roving comprising numerous fine strands. To utilize the fibers in plastic coatings and the like, it is necessary, of course, to break the same into short lengths and to disperse them over the surface being coated. Heretofore, fiber breaking devices of the general type hereinafter described have been driven by variable speed electric motors, and have been relatively large and expensive. Moreover, such conventional fiber breaking machines have not had any means for directing the fibers after the same have been cut. Due to their extreme lightness and susceptibility to air currents, the cut fibers are often misdirected, and with conventional breaking devices the distribution of the fibers on the material is frequently uneven and results in an imperfect coating.

With tiese problems in mind, the principal object of the present invention is to provide a fiberbreaking apparatus wherein the actuating motor is driven by compressed air, such a motor being smaller, lighter, and less expensive than a comparable variable speed electric motor, and wherein the exhaust air from the motor is employed to direct the broken fibers, thereby insuring a uniform distribution of fibers throughout the material.

A more specific object of the present invention is to provide a portable hand apparatus for breaking and distributing fibers, wherein air-driven breaking rollers advance and break the fibers, and wherein exhaust air from the pneumatic motor, in the form of specially positioned jets, is utilized to spray the broken fibers onto the material being coated.

A further specific object of the invention is to provide a fiber breaking machine, as described, wherein the amount of compressed air directed to the pneumatic motor can be readily manually controlled to govern the speed of the rollers and the volume of fibers which are broken and distributed.

A further specific object is to provide a fiber breaking device, as described, wherein the amount of exhaust air employed to impel and direct the broken fibers can be easily regulated as desired. p

Still further objects of the-present invention are to provide a fiber breaking and distributing apparatus which is. simple to use, and which device is reliable and efiicient in operation.

With the above and other objects in view, the invention consists of the improved fiber breaking device, and all of its parts and combinations, as set forth in the claims, and all equivalents thereof.

in the accompanying. drawing, wherein the same reference numerals designate the same parts in all of the views:

FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of the improved fiber breaking device, parts being broken away and shown in section; and

. vention includes a motor housing 10 which is generally cylindrical in form and which houses a conventional turbine type pneumatic motor. A hand grip 11' projects downwardly at one end of said housing, to facilitate handling, and a vertically disposed exhaust air manifold 27 is supported on the opposite end. Compressed air is supplied to the motor through a hose 12which is connected to and leads from a remote source (not shown), and is directed into the housing through an inlet conduit 13- formed as part of a T-fitting 14 at the upper portion of said housing. The fitting 14 has a valve, including a threaded stem 15 therein, to control the volume of compressed air reaching the motor, and a knurled head 15' is formed on the upper end of said stem to permit the operator to easily and quickly regulate the speed of the motor, the importance of which devicewill be hereinafter seen.

As hereinbefore mentioned, the air motor is of a conventional type, and has a drive shaft 16 projecting laterally from the end of the housing opposite that on which the handle 11 is mounted. Rigidly mounted on said drive shaft is a breaking roller 17, which is adapted to be rotatably driven by said drive shaft in a counterclockwise direction, and rotatably supported on the housing directly below and in contact with said roller, is 'a rubber surfaced bed roller 13. As is best shown in FlG. 2,

' time the roller reaches a point where oneofsaid bars contacts the bed roller 18. The spacing of said chopping bars 19 is, of course, not limited and can be arranged to suit Widely'varied requirements, depending upon 'the desired length of the broken fibers.

Mounted rearwardly of therollers 17 and 18, and positioned to direct the elongated fiberglass rovings 24orthe like between said rollers, is a feed bar 20 (FIG. 2) having a plurality of horizontally spaced apertures 21 through which the rovings are fed when the apparatus is in operation. Said apertures bell outwardly; toward their forward ends, as at 21, to perm-it the fibers to separate and expand as they are drawn forwardly toward the rollers during the breaking operation.

Projecting from the forward portion of the aforementioned exhaust air manifold 27, and extending laterally outwardly therefrom infront of the rollers 17 and 18, is a bifurcated air discharge unit comprising a pair of verticallyspaced tubular arms 22 and 23, each of said arms having a longitudinal internal-duct 26 (FIG. 1) and a pair of discharge orifices 25 in its forward face leading FIG. 2, the upper driven roller 17 I municates with a duct continuation in a fitting 29 pr jecting upwardly from the housing top and communicating with the motor chamber by means of a tube 30.

When the device is in operation the exhaust air from the pneumatic motor is directed through the tube 30 to the exhaust manifold 27 and into the discharge arms 22 and 23, said compressed air being forcibly emitted from the orifices 25 in the form of jets 32 (FIG. 2), as mentioned. The upper end of the fitting 29 has a threaded by-pass valve 31 therein which is designed to open and close a small port 32 for by-passing some of the exhaust air to the atmosphere, to vary the volume of air directed into the discharge arms 22 and 23 and to thereby control the force of the jet streams.

In the operation of the improved fiber cutting device, continuous rovings 24, of fiberglass or the like, are unwound from their spool mountings (not shown). and fed into and through the apertures M in the feed bar, said rovings being continuously drawn into the bite of the oppositely turning rollers 17 and 18. Each time the roller 17 rotates to a point Where one of the circumferentially spaced chopping bars thereon engages the bed roller, the fibers are broken oif into short sections, such as at 24' shown in FIG. 2. After the fibers have been broken, they tend to separate into short individual strands and the air jets 32 discharged from the orifices 25, as described, function to spray said strands onto the surface being coated. As hereinbefore mentioned, the air jets are arranged to substantially encompass the cut fibers, thereby preventing their flying in all directions, and minimizing the possibility of an uneven distribution of fibers in the material.

The volume and velocity of the exhaust air discharged from the orifices 25 can be manually controlled by means of the by-pass valve 31 and the result is that the broken fibers can be sprayed onto a surface with as great or little force as is required for the particular job. In addition, of course, the volume of compressed air reaching the pneumatic motor can be readily adjusted through thevalve stem 15, to regulate the roller speeds and to thereby control the speed of the fiber breaking operation.

From the foregoing detailed description it will be readily appreciated that the present invention provides a device which not only breaks fibers to a desired length, but which directs the broken fibers accurately and evenly onto the surface being coated. Moreover, the same motivating force which drives the motor also functions as the directing agent for the broken fibers, thereby promoting efficiency and economy of operation.

It has been found that the present invention is unusually well adapted for use in the production of fiberglass products, or products formed of plastic materials having reinforcing fibers embedded therein. As distinguished from conventional fiber breaking machines, which are large and expensive, the present machine is compact and maneuverable, and is relatively inexpensive to manufacture. The most important advantage, of course, is that with the present invention the fibers are not only broken to a desired length, but are forcibly sprayed onto the surface being covered, thereby preventing the fibers from straying from their intended course and substantially reducing the possibility of an uneven or imperfect coating.

It is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made in the apparatus as above described, and in the design and arrangement of the members, without departing from the spirit of the invention, and all of such changes or modifications are contemplated as may come within the scope of the following claims.

What I claim is:

l. A fiber-breaking machine comprising a compressed air motor having a housing and having a drive shaft, and said motor housing having air inlet and exhaust means, a valve in said inlet adapted to control the volume of compressed air admitted to said motor and hence the speed of said motor, a cylindrical roller mounted on and rotatably driven by said motor drive shaft, said roller projecting outwardly from said motor housing, a bed roller rotatably mounted on and projecting from said housing in parallel and engaging relationship with said first roller for continuously advancing fibers fed therebetween, guide means mounted on said housing rearwardly of said rollers and adapted to direct elongated fiber rovings between said rollers, fiber-chopping means on and projecting beyond the periphery of one of said rollers and air blast means communicating with said motor exhaust and projecting from said motor housing forwardly of said rollers and having spaced jets positioned to discharge a plurality of air blasts at spaced locations around the discharged broken fibers to direct the latter in a desired path.

2. A fiber-breaking machine comprising a compressed air motor having a housing and having a drive shaft, and said motor housing having air inlet and exhaust means, a valve in said inlet adapted to control the volume of compressed air admitted to said motor and hence the speed of said motor, a cylindrical roller mounted on and rotatably driven by said motor drive shaft, said roller projecting outwardly from said motor housing, a'bed roller rotatably mounted on and projecting from said housing in parallel and engaging relationship with said first roller for continuously advancing fibers fed therebetween, guide means mounted on said housing rearwardly of said rollers and adapted to direct elongated fiber rovings between said rollers, fiber-chopping means on and projecting beyond the periphery of one of said rollers and air blast means communicating with said motor exhaust and projecting from said motor housing forwardly of said rollers and having a rectangular arrangement of spaced jets positioned to discharge a plurality of air blasts at spaced locations around the discharged broken fibers to direct the latter in a desired path.

3. In a portable machine for breaking fibers and directing the same to a point of use, the combination comprising a compressed air motor having a housing and having a drive shaft projecting laterally outwardly from said housing, said motor housing having compressed air inlet and exhaust means, a valve in said inlet means controlling the volume of compressed air admitted to said motor and hence the speed of the motor, an exhaust air manifold on one side of said housing connected with said exhaust means, a cylindrical roller mounted on and rotatably driven by said motor drive shaft and projecting aterally outwardly from said motor housing adjacent said exhaust chamber, a second roller rotatably mounted on and projecting laterally from said housing directly below and parallel with said first roller and engaging andbeing rotatably driven by said first roller, said rollers forming friction pulling means for continuously advancing fibers fed therebetween, guide means on said housing rearwardly of said rollers positioned to feed fiber rovings between said rollers, a plurality of circumferentially-spaced chopping bars on and projecting beyond the periphery of one of said rollers for breaking said fibers into short lengths, a pair of vertically spaced hollow arm. members projecting laterally outwardly from said exhaust manifold forwardly of said rollers and positioned to receive the cut fibers therebetween, and said arms having spaced orifices in their forward faces adapted to discharge motor exhaust air in the form of spaced jet streams, said jet streams being arranged to surround the cut fibers and to direct the same in a desired path.

4. In a portable machine for breaking fibers and directing the same to a point of use, the combination comprising a compressed air motor having a housing and having a drive shaft projecting laterally outwardly from said housing, said motor housing having compressed air inlet and exhaust means, a valve in said inlet means controlling the volume of compressed air admitted to said motor and hence the speed of the motor, an exhaust air V 5 manifold on one side of said housing connected with said exhaust means, a cylindrical roller mounted on and rotatably driven by said motor drive shaft and projecting laterally outwardly from said motor housing adjacent said exhaust chamber, a second roller rotatably mounted on and projecting laterally from said. housing directlyv below and parallel with said first roller and engaging and being rotatably driven by said first roller, said rollers forming friction pulling means for continuously advancing fibers fed therebetween, guide means on said housing rearwardly of said rollers positioned to feed fiberrovings between said rollers, a plurality of circumferentiallyspaced chopping bars on and projecting beyond the'periphery of one of said rollers for breaking said fibers into short lengths, a pair of vertically spaced hollow arm members projecting laterally outwardly from said exhaust manifold forwardly of said rollers and positioned to receive the cut fibers therebetween, and said arms having spaced orifices in their forward faces adapted to dis- References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Shaun Oct. 8,

US3011257A 1960-01-21 1960-01-21 Fiber breaking and directing machines Expired - Lifetime US3011257A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3103304A (en) * 1958-10-24 1963-09-10 Ibis Entpr Ltd Fiber-breaker for fiber-plastic depositor
US3198049A (en) * 1963-02-28 1965-08-03 Du Pont Cutter means for clamping and cutting filament
US3491443A (en) * 1966-10-28 1970-01-27 Morris Fram Roving cutter with self-adjusting cutter roller
US3947962A (en) * 1975-01-31 1976-04-06 Smith Robert L Chopper
US4001935A (en) * 1975-06-12 1977-01-11 Binks Manufacturing Company Roving cutter
US4111206A (en) * 1975-05-04 1978-09-05 Vishnevsky Alexandr A Surgical instrument for applying metal staples to organs and tissues and for simultaneous division thereof
US4300422A (en) * 1980-05-27 1981-11-17 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Apparatus for cutting filamentary material
US4568008A (en) * 1979-10-08 1986-02-04 Ekebro Ab Device for cutting and shooting fibres with stabilized orientation
US4615245A (en) * 1984-01-17 1986-10-07 Allied Corporation Method of cutting elongated material using a cutter reel with spaced blades
WO2008059270A2 (en) * 2006-11-18 2008-05-22 Bentley Motors Limited Apparatus for cutting and/or shearing fibre
EP2727694A1 (en) 2012-11-05 2014-05-07 Toho Tenax Europe GmbH Lowering device for controlled lowering of reinforcement fibre bundles
EP2727693A1 (en) 2012-11-05 2014-05-07 Toho Tenax Europe GmbH Method for manufacturing fibre preforms

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2618817A (en) * 1945-12-12 1952-11-25 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Insulation material
US2719336A (en) * 1950-11-22 1955-10-04 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method and apparatus for conveying and severing mineral fibers
US2787314A (en) * 1954-10-13 1957-04-02 Ingersoll Rand Canada Apparatus and method for forming a fiber reinforced plastic article
US2808884A (en) * 1954-04-05 1957-10-08 Pacific Mills Apparatus for producing staple fibers from continuous strands of textile fibers

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2618817A (en) * 1945-12-12 1952-11-25 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Insulation material
US2719336A (en) * 1950-11-22 1955-10-04 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method and apparatus for conveying and severing mineral fibers
US2729028A (en) * 1950-11-22 1956-01-03 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method and apparatus for simultaneously attenuating and severing glass fibers
US2808884A (en) * 1954-04-05 1957-10-08 Pacific Mills Apparatus for producing staple fibers from continuous strands of textile fibers
US2787314A (en) * 1954-10-13 1957-04-02 Ingersoll Rand Canada Apparatus and method for forming a fiber reinforced plastic article

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3103304A (en) * 1958-10-24 1963-09-10 Ibis Entpr Ltd Fiber-breaker for fiber-plastic depositor
US3198049A (en) * 1963-02-28 1965-08-03 Du Pont Cutter means for clamping and cutting filament
US3491443A (en) * 1966-10-28 1970-01-27 Morris Fram Roving cutter with self-adjusting cutter roller
US3947962A (en) * 1975-01-31 1976-04-06 Smith Robert L Chopper
US4111206A (en) * 1975-05-04 1978-09-05 Vishnevsky Alexandr A Surgical instrument for applying metal staples to organs and tissues and for simultaneous division thereof
US4001935A (en) * 1975-06-12 1977-01-11 Binks Manufacturing Company Roving cutter
US4568008A (en) * 1979-10-08 1986-02-04 Ekebro Ab Device for cutting and shooting fibres with stabilized orientation
US4300422A (en) * 1980-05-27 1981-11-17 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Apparatus for cutting filamentary material
US4615245A (en) * 1984-01-17 1986-10-07 Allied Corporation Method of cutting elongated material using a cutter reel with spaced blades
WO2008059270A2 (en) * 2006-11-18 2008-05-22 Bentley Motors Limited Apparatus for cutting and/or shearing fibre
WO2008059270A3 (en) * 2006-11-18 2008-10-02 Bentley Motors Ltd Apparatus for cutting and/or shearing fibre
US20100116795A1 (en) * 2006-11-18 2010-05-13 Bentley Motors Limited Apparatus for cutting and/or shearing fibre
EP2727694A1 (en) 2012-11-05 2014-05-07 Toho Tenax Europe GmbH Lowering device for controlled lowering of reinforcement fibre bundles
EP2727693A1 (en) 2012-11-05 2014-05-07 Toho Tenax Europe GmbH Method for manufacturing fibre preforms
WO2014067763A1 (en) 2012-11-05 2014-05-08 Toho Tenax Europe Gmbh Method for producing fibre preforms
WO2014067762A1 (en) 2012-11-05 2014-05-08 Toho Tenax Europe Gmbh Depositing device for the controlled deposition of reinforcing fibre bundles

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