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US2997050A - Valve - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2997050A
US2997050A US79238259A US2997050A US 2997050 A US2997050 A US 2997050A US 79238259 A US79238259 A US 79238259A US 2997050 A US2997050 A US 2997050A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
valve
housing
opening
portion
means
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
James J Ferguson
Original Assignee
James J Ferguson
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Publication date
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K15/00Check valves
    • F16K15/14Check valves with flexible valve members
    • F16K15/148Check valves with flexible valve members the closure elements being fixed in their centre
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B18/00Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort
    • A62B18/08Component parts for gas-masks or gas-helmets, e.g. windows, straps, speech transmitters, signal-devices
    • A62B18/10Valves
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10S137/908Respirator control
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7838Plural
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7838Plural
    • Y10T137/7842Diverse types
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7879Resilient material valve
    • Y10T137/7888With valve member flexing about securement
    • Y10T137/789Central mount

Description

Alg- 22, 1961 J. .1. FERGUSON 2,997,050

VALVE Filed Feb. 1o, 1959 alf-Flai INVENTOR JAME@ J. FERGUSON ATTO R N EY 2,997,050 VALVE James J. Ferguson, 321 E. 43rd St., New York, N.Y. Filed Feb. 10, 1959, Ser. No. 792,382 3 Claims. (Cl. 137-63) This invention relates to breathing apparatus, and particularly to a valve arrangement including check valves therefor.

In breathing apparatus such as a gas mask, it is conventional to connect a face piece by a flexible hose to a chemical cannister unit. Upon inhalation by the wearer, a check valve which may be in the bottom of the cannister opens and permits the inflow of air. Upon exhalation, a check valve which may be proximate to the face piece opens and releases the exhaust breath of the wearer. With such a construction, the hose provides an open passageway to the internal portion of the cannister containing the active chemical elements. Under certain conditions of usage, it is possible `for water to enter the face piece and pass down the connecting hose into the cannister. This condition may arise when the wearer has the face piece removed from face but exposed and held in a ready position. Firemen, while attending a fire, may keep the mask removed from their faces in a ready condition before entering the smoke filled interior of a burning building. With such use, it is very probable that water can enter into the connecting hose of the gas mask. The standard chemical elements Afor the cannister being water soluble a-re partially or completely destroyed by the entry of the water. Since the water damage may occur rapidly, an individual may apply the -mask and be unaware that it is in a defect-ive or unusable condition.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide an arrangement of check valves which permit the normal use of breathing apparatus while precluding the entry of water into the cannister or other breathing equipment.

A further object of the invention is to provide a means for controlling the air flow of 'breathing equipment while at the same time permitting the separation of water from the normal air passages.

In one aspect of the invention, the valve device includes a housing having an opening therein. -A wall of the housing is provided with primary and second-ary openings. A check valve overlies and normally closes the primary opening. In response to negative pressure Within the housing, the check valve opens and permits the passage of the air iiow into the housing. An additional check valve overlies and normally closes the secondary openings in the wall of the housing. This check valve opens in response to positive pressure within so as to permit gas ow through the housing and out through the secondary openings. In the case where a liquid enters within the housing and comes into contact with the additional check valve, the weight of the liquid effects an opening of the additional check valve sufliciently tot permit the liquid to escape through the seconda-ry openings.

These and other objects, advantages and features of the invention will become apparent from the following description and drawings.

In the drawings:

FIG. l is a view of a person wearing breathing equipment including the valve device.

FIG. 2 is an elevational sectional view of the valve device.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary elevational sectional view of the valve device in operation.

FIG. 4 is a view of the valve device installed proximate to a gas mask cannister.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional View taken along line 5-5 in FIG. `2.

In FIG. 1, valve device 10 is shown connected to gas mask 11 and hose 12 which leads to cannister 13. Upon inhalation by the wea-rer, air enters the bottom of cannister 13 through an opening (not shown) and passes through valve device 10 into gas mask 11. Upon exhalation, the breath of the wearer escapes to the atmosphere through valve device 10.

Valve device 1t) (FIG. 2) may be provided with a cylindrical housing 14 to which is attached threaded boss 15. Plate 16 covers the lower portion of housing 14. The center portion of plate 16 is provided with a valve opening 17 in which is attached spider 18. Poppet valve 19 fabricated from a flexible material such as rubber is secured at its central portion by stud 20 passing through opening 21 in spider 18. Cone 22 attached to stud 20 locks lthe stud `with respect Itol spider 18. Plate 16 may be provided with a plurality of secondary valve openings 23, proximate to the junction of housing 14 with plate 16. Plate 16 supports tube 24 which surrounds primary valve opening 17. Diaphragm valve 25 comprises a cylindrical portion y2.6 and a skirt portion 27 which may have a contoured form. Skirt portion 27 with its contoured form extends along plate 16 and the outer edge 2S of diaphragm valve 25 contacts plate 16 near its perimeter. Tube 24 may be provided with serrations 29 so as to enhance the seal between cylindrical portion 26 of ditaphragm 25 and tube 24. Ring 30 of resilient material such as rubber serves to clamp diaphragm valve 25 in position with respect to tube 24 and plate 16. The end of tube .4 opposite plate '16 may be provided with a shoulder portion 31 so as to retain coupling nut 32.

Valve device 10 (FIG. l) may be connected to gas mask 11 and hose 12 which connects to cannister 13. Coupling nut 33 attached to the entrance connection 34 of the breathing apparatus such as gas mask 11 may be threadably attached to threaded boss 15 of valve device 10. Coupling nut 32 may be threadably engaged with fitting 35 of hose 12. In this manner, valve device 10 is connected in series between cannister 13 and gas mask 1.1. Inhalation by the wearer establishes a negative pressure condition within housing 14 which causes poppet valve 19 to deflect upwardly thereby permitting air ow through hose :12, past poppet valve 19 and upward into gas mask 11. The negative pressure within housing 14 results in a 4closing force tending to clamp diaphragm valve 25 tightly 4against plate 16. Upon exhalation by the wearer, a positive pressure condition is established within housing 14 which closes poppet valve 19 tightly against the inner surface 'of plate 16 while at the same .time forcing open diaphragm valve 25'. The breath then may be exhausted through secondary openings 23 to the surrounding atmosphere.

In the case where water or other liquids enters the gas mask 11 :and passes through entrance connection 34 into housing 14, the water or other liquid will flow to the tube plate 16 and pass through secondary openings 23 thereby contacting diaphragm valve 25. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, skirt portion 217 of diaphragm valve 25 is of a thin cross section. The thin cross section is provided with a contoured form which terminates at outer edge 28 in cont-act with plate `16. Due to the thin section of skirt portion 27, the weight of the water in contact with it is suicient to deflect the skirt portion 27 sufficiently to part outer edge 28 from contact with plate 16. In his manner, -any water or liquid is immediately separated by the action of diaphragm valve 25. Any droplets of Water in contact with diaphragm valve 25 or along the outer surface of plate 16 will be effectively discharged when the wearer exhales and his breath is forced past diaphragm valve 25. Since, in the normal state, poppet valve 19 tightly covers primary valve opening 17 and with the Iabove described liquid separating action of diaphragm valve 25, it is evident that water or other liquids cannot pass through valve device and enter hose 12. Furthermore, due to the normally closed condition of poppet valve 19 Iand diaphragm valve 25, there can be no circulation of moisture laden air into hose 12 and thence into cannister 13. Poppet valve 19 and diaphragm valve are maintained closed by their inherent internal forces due to the resilient properties of their material and their form. Thus, the valves remain in a closed condition regardless of the position of valve device 10. Of course, it is evident that the liquid separating action will only be self acting when valve device 10 is positioned with housing 14 some way above the horizontal.

ln FIG. 4, valve device 10 is shown connected `in series with gas mask 36, hose 37 and canniste-r 38. In this case, gas mask 36 and cannister 38 may include the necessary valves required for breathing. Thus, valve device 10 is inserted into this equipment merely to provide the water separating function so as to protect cannister. In such an installation, `during breathing, valve device 10 will operate in a manner as previously described. In the case where the valve equipment of gas mask 36 permits the entrance of water or other liquid into hose 37, valve device 1t) will separate these entering liquids and prevent them from passing into cannister 38. Thus, it is evident that valve device 10 may serve the twofold purposes of breathing check valves and a water separating valve or it may be used eas *a component with existing breathing valve equipment to provide the water separating feature alone.

It should be apparent that variations may be made in the construction as needed without departing from the spirit of the invention except as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A valve device comprising housing means having an opening therein, said housing means having a wall member with primary and secondary openings, check valve means within said housing means overlying and normally closing said primary opening, said valve means opening in response `to negative pressure Within said housing to permit gas flow through said primary opening and said housing opening, and diaphragm check valve means of flexible and resilient material, having a concave peripheral portion facing said wall member and overlying said secondary opening, the peripheral portion being nort mally in contact with said wall member so as to close said secondary opening, said diaphragm check valve means opening `in response to positive pressure Within said housing to permit gas flow through said housing opening and said secondary opening, said diaphragm check valve being adapted to open locally under the locally applied force of -a predetermined weight of liquid in said concave peripheral portion, whereby said predetermined weight of liquid upon entering said housing means deects said concave portion of said diaphragm check valve means sufciently to open said peripheral portion from contact with said wall member and to permit said liquid to escape through said secondary openings.

2. A valve device comprising housing means having an opening therein, said housing having a wall member with primary and secondary openings, poppet valve means of exible and resilient material normally closing said primary opening, said poppet valve means opening in response to negative pressure within said housing to permit gas iiow through said primary opening and said housing opening, yand diaphramn check valve means of flexible and resilient material, having a concave peripheral portion facing said wall member and overlying said secondary opening, said diaphragm check valve means opening in response to positive pressure within said housing to permit gas iiow through said housing opening and said secondary opening, said diaphragm check valve being adapted to open locally under the locally applied force of a predetermined Weight of liquid in said concave peripheral portion, whereby liquids entering said housing means deect said concave portion of said diaphragm check valve means sufficiently to open said peripheral portion from contact with said wall member and to permit said liquid to escape through said secondary openings.

3. A valve device comprising housing means having an opening therein, said housing means having a Wall member with central and peripheral portions having primary and secondary openings, respectively, said central port-ion being located in a plane further toward the interior of said housing than the plane containing said peripheral portion, check valve means within said housing means overlying Iand normally closing said primary opening, said valve means opening in response to negative pressure Within said housing to permit gas ow through said primary opening and said housing opening, and diaphragm check valve means of flexible and resilient material, having a concave peripheral portion facing said Wall member and overlying said secondary opening, the concave peripheral portion being normally in contact with said wall member so as to close said secondary opening, said diaphragm check valve means opening in response to positive pressure within said housing to permit gas flow through said housing opening and said secondary opening, said diaphragm check valve being adapted to open locally under the locally applied force of a predetermined Weight of liquid in said concave peripheral portion, whereby said predetermined Weight of liquid upon entering said housing means and passing beyond the plane of said central portion enters upon and deiiects said concave portion of said diaphragm check valve means suiciently to open said peripheral portion from contact with said wall member to permit said liquid to escape through said secondary openings.

References Cited in the file of this patent FOREIGN PATENTS 910,738 France Feb. 11, 1946

US2997050A 1959-02-10 1959-02-10 Valve Expired - Lifetime US2997050A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5277171A (en) * 1993-02-02 1994-01-11 Bradford-White Corporation Water heater heat trap
US6273124B1 (en) 1999-05-26 2001-08-14 Donald G. Huber Check valve floor drain
US6719004B2 (en) 2001-06-19 2004-04-13 Donald G. Huber Check valve floor drain
US20050081849A1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2005-04-21 Sydney Warren Personal oxygen and air delivery system
US20060054110A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-16 Allpass Corporation Heat trap
US9010363B2 (en) 2013-06-24 2015-04-21 The Rectorseal Corporation Drain valve
US9139991B2 (en) 2011-01-31 2015-09-22 The Rectorseal Corporation Floor drain valve with resiliently mounted rigid flappers
US9416986B2 (en) 2013-06-24 2016-08-16 The Rectorseal Corporation Valve for roof vent

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR910738A (en) * 1944-12-11 1946-06-17 Double valve arrangement, in particular for breathing apparatus

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR910738A (en) * 1944-12-11 1946-06-17 Double valve arrangement, in particular for breathing apparatus

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5277171A (en) * 1993-02-02 1994-01-11 Bradford-White Corporation Water heater heat trap
US6273124B1 (en) 1999-05-26 2001-08-14 Donald G. Huber Check valve floor drain
US6719004B2 (en) 2001-06-19 2004-04-13 Donald G. Huber Check valve floor drain
US20050081849A1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2005-04-21 Sydney Warren Personal oxygen and air delivery system
US20060054110A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-16 Allpass Corporation Heat trap
US7270087B2 (en) 2004-09-14 2007-09-18 Bradford White Corporation Heat trap
US9139991B2 (en) 2011-01-31 2015-09-22 The Rectorseal Corporation Floor drain valve with resiliently mounted rigid flappers
US9010363B2 (en) 2013-06-24 2015-04-21 The Rectorseal Corporation Drain valve
US9416986B2 (en) 2013-06-24 2016-08-16 The Rectorseal Corporation Valve for roof vent

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