US2985166A - Massaging device - Google Patents

Massaging device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2985166A
US2985166A US71772658A US2985166A US 2985166 A US2985166 A US 2985166A US 71772658 A US71772658 A US 71772658A US 2985166 A US2985166 A US 2985166A
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Prior art keywords
skin
support
absorbent
overlay
armature
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Expired - Lifetime
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Anton F Burkardt
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Anton F Burkardt
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H23/00Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms
    • A61H23/02Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms with electric or magnetic drive
    • A61H23/0218Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms with electric or magnetic drive with alternating magnetic fields producing a translating or oscillating movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/02Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled
    • A61H2201/0207Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled heated
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/02Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled
    • A61H2201/0221Mechanism for heating or cooling
    • A61H2201/0228Mechanism for heating or cooling heated by an electric resistance element
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/02Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled
    • A61H2201/0221Mechanism for heating or cooling
    • A61H2201/0264Mechanism for heating or cooling using heat exchanger, e.g. between fresh and used fluids
    • A61H2201/0271Mechanism for heating or cooling using heat exchanger, e.g. between fresh and used fluids using heat loss of a motor

Description

y 23, 1961 A. F. BURKARDT 2,985,166

MASSAGING DEVICE Filed Feb. 26, 1958 INVENTOR. ANTON F. BURKARDT AT TORNE Y 2,985,166 Patented May 23, 1961 MASSAGING DEVICE Anton F. Burkardt, Sati va Corpy Room 4704, 70 Pine St., New York, N.Y.

Filed Feb. 26, 1958,.Ser. No. 717,726

3 Claims. (Cl. 128-241) The invention relates to a vibratory massage instrument to be used primarily for purposes of cleansing and otherwise conditioning the skin, especially by promoting the exudation of liquids, greases and entrained impurities from the pores and superficial cavities of the skin, and by securing the effective and instantaneous removal from the skin of the matter thus released.

-In accordance with the invention, a vibratory member which is pressed'against the skin and which has pulsating movements toward and from the skin, is heated to a temperature substantially above body temperature, and p is provided with a porous absorbent overlay. The heat thus applied to the skin promotes the flow of liquid and greasy impurities from the pores and crevices of the skin, enabling the intermittent pumping action of' the vibratory member to express or exude the impurities more effectively from the pores and cavities to the sur-' face of the skin in a conditionmore readily separable from the skin, whereupon the absorbent overlay acts as a pulsating blotter so to speak, which absorbs the impurities instantaneously as they are exuded ina readily fiowable condition at the surface of the skin. The re: sulting skin cleansing action is surprisingly rapid and effective, a fresh absorbent overlay being substituted as saturation with impurities approaches. The effectiveness of the instrument is not dependent upon any wiping action over the skin, the pulsations toward and from the skin in combination with the heat and the porous overlay, being suficient to bring the impurities to the surface of the skin in a readily removable condition, and to instantaneously remove them by absorption in the overlay, as above referred to. Appropriate means are well known in the art for imparting vibrations to the instrument, and the applicator surface may be heated in various ways, e.g; ,by hysteresis effects emanating from an electromagnetic coil and armature used in producing the vibrations, or by electrical resistance elements carried by the vibrat ing member, or by other appropriate source of heatincorporated in the instrument. The porous absorbent overlay is preferably constructed of flexible porous paper similar to that used in facial tissues or may be constructed of-porousclothor synthetic porous sheet materials. Further features of the invention will be in part obvious and in part specifically referred to in the specification hereinafter contained which taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings discloses a preferred form of massage instrument constructed to function in accordance with the invention; the disclosure however should be considered as merely illustrative of the invention in its broader aspects.

In the drawings Figure l is a side elevation of one form of the device;

Figure 2 is a plan view of the device of Figure ,1;

Figure 3 is a sectional elevation taken along the line 3-3 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a circuit diagram showing the electrical circuits in the device shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3 ;-and

Figure 5 is a sectional elevation of another device embodying the invention.

This application is a continuation in part of application' Serial Number 467,999, filed November 10, 1954, now abandoned; and of application Serial No. 537,117 filed September 28,1955, now abandoned.

Referring first to Figures 1, 2, and 3, the device is housed in a casing 10, whichcasing is comprised of an upper case element 11 and a lower case element 12, said elements being detachably secured together by means of screws 16. The upper case element 11 has a tubular extension 13' formed integral therewith. This extension embraces a combined vibrating and heating element 18, which includes acupped casing 19 having an open end 20 and liaving in the opposite end a central clearance hole 21 therein to clear a screw 22. The material about the'hole 21 of course is tubular and forms a hollow boss 23 againstwliich a washer 24 bears. Between the head of the screw 22'and the boss 23 is a helical spring 38.

The screw threadedly engages a threaded hole in the lower end of a solid, rigid shaft-like plunger 26. The plunger 26 has, preferably formed integral therewith a flange portion 27 which forms a vibratory support for a porous absorbent overlay 29, which is to be pressed againstthe'skin in the manner and for the purposes described herein. A spring 28 has one end acting'against the flange portion 27 and the opposite end bears against.

a cup-like member 31, and the member 31 bears against a head' -32 of a bobbin 33. This bobbin carries a solenoid winding 34,: andhas' a head 35 on the opposite end with insulation through which the ends 36 and 37 of thewinding'34 pass. The spring 28 urges the plunger 26 in one direction and the spring 38 urges the plunger 26 in the opposite direction, andby'v means of the screw 22 adjustments may be made.

The flange support portion 27 as stated above forms a solid, rigid vibratory support for the porous absorbent overlay 29, and the latterfunctions as a pulsating blotter and absorbs the liquid and greasy impurities from the pores of the skin as'they are-exuded by the vibration and the heat. I V 4 The s'olenoid winding- 34 causes the armature or plunger 26 and theflange support 27 to vibrate, and the absorbent overlay 29 and its support 27 are heated by the winding 34 by hysteresis and eddy currents in the body of the armature.

Referring now to'Fig'ure 4, the circuit diagram of Figures 1, 2, and 3,-- tl:le device may be connected to any convenient-source of alternating current. In Figure 4, themaincircuit terminals 39 and 40 are connected to said source. If desired, a rectifier 41 may be placed in series with the circuit'so as to operate the device on half wave current in a well known mannerif desired. Further, a thermostat 42" and a heater element 43are connected in parallel with the winding 34'. The thermostat is-as-' sociated with the core 26' or the'shell 19 in heat exchange relationship such that. when the support 27 of the applicator reaches the desired temperature, the thermostat operates to open the circuit. Where sulficient heat is generated by the winding 34 in the plunger due to hysteresis and eddy currents,- the heater winding 43 may be omitted by connecting the terminals 44 and 45 together. If desired the rectifier 41 may be omittedand the terminals 46 and 47 connected together for straight A.C. operation.

Referring now to the modification shown in Figure 5, a yoke or mounting plate 50 carries a hollow core member carrying the winding 48. A pole piece 51 has a threaded shank 52 inthreaded engagement with the yoke 50 as shown, and the shank has an external serrated knob 53 engaged by a catch 54.

Mounted on the outer end of the winding 48 is a heater,

frame or cell 55 having a heater element 56 that functions to heat the applicator. The pole piece 51 has connected thereto one end of a spring 57, and the other end of this spring-is connected to a movable armature 58. The elements 50, 51 and 55 are: preferably-of nonmagnetic material. i V o A sub-assembly comprising the pole piece '51, the spring '57 and the armature 58,- is placed in position within the core 49 and held by a bushing 59 engaging a shoulder 60 of the armature'58, which normally bears against the bushing under the urge of spring 57.

Terminals 61 are insulatedly carried on the yoke 50. Terminals, generally designated by the arrow 62, 62a, feed the heater. A rectifier 63 and a thermostat 64 may bemounted on thejyoke 50 and these have terminals 65, 65a, 66, 66a.

The parts described above are electrically connected as described herein, then mounted as a unit in a casing, as by screws 68.

The casing 67 is of insulating material to avoid shocks.

The vibratory support 69 is coaxial with'and attached to the armature 58 by means of an axially extending flat head screw 70, for example, and is preferably, of insulating material. A space 71 is provided between the casing and the rear side of the vibratory support 69. A soft gasket 72 of resilient material is placed between the casing and the support 69.

The support 69 has a flexible absorbent pad 73 removably mounted against its outer surface. This pad 73 may be removably retained on support 69 by means of a band 75, which is accommodated in a groove 74 circumferentially about the side vof the support and clamps in place the peripheral area of the pad 73, desirably. of appropriate absorbent facial tissue, which band 75 causes the face of the pad tissue to span across the surface of the support, to be placed in contact with the skin in the manner described herein.

The temperatures employed may. be above body temperature preferably to 180 F. on the outer surface of the vibrating pad.

' OPERATION Turn the device on to heat up, which will take a few skin. They come in special boxes equipped with a unique patented arrangement in the cover, which attaches absorbent pads automatically in one second. Detailed in structions are contained in each box. j

How 'to operate the apparatus-To operate the device, press the absorbent pad covered end slightly against the skin, and a fine vibration will be felt. This vibration can be increased or decreased by the pressure'applied tothe instrument.

The treatment should be localized-mother words, a small section of the face should be treated at a time,

to allow the heat to penetrate into the skin. Moving the instrumentfrom one spot to another will not produce the desired results. This heat application opens up the pores and liquifies "the cosmetic waxes and softens other, residues. The fine micro-vibrations and suction help to free these impurities, so that they can be picked up and absorbed by the heated absorbent pad.

Controlling the heat.It.is important to get the skin sufficiently hot to melt the waste matter in the pores, otherwise the heated pad can not pick it up. According to the type of skin, longer or shorter applications are recom mended. It is not advisable, however, to overheat the skin. With little experience it is easy to-establish the ideal period of heat application. The duration of the treatment should be from 15 to 20 minutes, during which time the absorbent pads should be frequently renewed.

Normalizing the skin.After the treatment is completed, the useof witch hazel or any other suitable lotion is recommended which has a cooling soothing effect on the skin. This will help the empty pores to close and reduce to a smaller normal size, so that they can again function normally.

Oily skin is the result of an overproduction of skin lubricant by the pores. By applying the apparatus with the heated absorbent pad to the skin, the surplus oils are picked up and absorbed by the heated pad, thus reducing this condition to a Frequent renewal of the absorbent pads during such treatment is recommended.

Dry skin is usually caused by poor blood circulation or the inability of the pores to produce the necessary lubricant to feed the skin and keep it flexible. Treatments by the equipmentof the present invention will remedy this condition, as the fine micro-vibrations combined with heat will activate the blood particles in the skin and force them to circulate. As a result the sleeping pores will again become active and produce the necessary lubricant so vital for the maintenance of a healthy beautiful skin.

Although one embodiment and a modification thereof is described herein, many changes may be'made in the arrangements shown, within the scope of the following claims.

, What is claimed is:

1. An electric skin treating and massaging device including an insulating casing having an opening therein,

a vibratory member having therein a substantially solid to said support, means for maintaining'said support at super-body temperature, a replaceable, porous, liquidabsorbent, paper tissue overlay conformable to said support and means for detachably mounting said overlay in position directly overlying, in contact with, and spanning said support, thereby to effect absorption of impurities armature and being of diameter substantially to fit into said upstanding cylindrical wall, and in which the replaceableporous paper'tissue absorbent overlay'is retained in place against the support by means of a ring encompassing the downturned periphery of said overlay and resiliently pressing said periphery against said upstanding cylindrical wall portion of said casing.

3. The electric skin treating and massaging device as claimed'in claim 1, in which the casing has an upstanding cylindrical wall portion, in which the electric motor means is a solenoid extending into said cylindrical wall portion and having an armature therein, and the solid and rigid support is axially secured to the outer end of the armature and in which the means for maintaining the support at super-body temperature is an electric'heating coil in the form of a spiral and a frame encompassing said heating coil and encompassing the outer end of said armature and near but spaced from said support.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,470,660 Snyder May 17, 1949 2,787,998 Grossi Apr; 9, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS 306,783 7 Switzerland July 1,:

US2985166A 1958-02-26 1958-02-26 Massaging device Expired - Lifetime US2985166A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4691693A (en) * 1986-09-02 1987-09-08 Magnetic Massage Company Massage device
US20030165550A1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2003-09-04 Rhoades Dean L. Microdermabrasion devices, compositions, and methods
US20040167598A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2004-08-26 Margolis James R. Device and method for electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins
US20050037034A1 (en) * 2003-05-05 2005-02-17 Rhoades Dean L. Method, apparatus, and composition for treating acne
US20050043653A1 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-02-24 Azalea Way Consumer Products Llc, Skin cleansing and moisturizing device
US7179152B1 (en) 2003-02-07 2007-02-20 Dermanew, Inc. Composition suitable for application to human skin
US20070249974A1 (en) * 2004-06-28 2007-10-25 Bang Bea Kim Vertical Movement Vibrator of Magnetic Gap Type
US20080193493A1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2008-08-14 Dean Rhoades Method for treating skin with a pad
US20100113993A1 (en) * 2007-07-10 2010-05-06 Davis James E P Force-multiplying percussor
WO2013048903A1 (en) 2011-09-30 2013-04-04 Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc. Handheld device with thermal body- care element
WO2013048904A1 (en) 2011-09-30 2013-04-04 Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc. Thermal body-care element and method of use of same
US8777880B2 (en) 2009-10-19 2014-07-15 Davis Susan B Force-multiplying percussor and self-applicator system for airway clearance
USD715935S1 (en) 2010-06-29 2014-10-21 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Personal care device
USD745696S1 (en) * 2014-04-29 2015-12-15 Goto Denshi Co., Ltd. Vibration device
US9351559B2 (en) 2014-04-29 2016-05-31 Elc Management Llc Powered skin care device
US9596928B2 (en) 2014-04-29 2017-03-21 Elc Management Llc Powered skin care device
USD823605S1 (en) 2016-12-15 2018-07-24 Paris Presents Incorporated Makeup brush
USD828034S1 (en) 2017-06-26 2018-09-11 Paris Presents Incorporated Brush
USD829004S1 (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-09-25 Paris Presents Incorporated Brush

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470660A (en) * 1945-04-07 1949-05-17 Knapp Monarch Co Electric vibrator
US2787998A (en) * 1953-05-14 1957-04-09 Grossi Louis Electrically heated vibratory medicament applicator

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470660A (en) * 1945-04-07 1949-05-17 Knapp Monarch Co Electric vibrator
US2787998A (en) * 1953-05-14 1957-04-09 Grossi Louis Electrically heated vibratory medicament applicator

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4691693A (en) * 1986-09-02 1987-09-08 Magnetic Massage Company Massage device
US20080193493A1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2008-08-14 Dean Rhoades Method for treating skin with a pad
US20030165550A1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2003-09-04 Rhoades Dean L. Microdermabrasion devices, compositions, and methods
US7572238B2 (en) * 1999-10-04 2009-08-11 Dermanew, Inc. Handheld sonic microdermabrasion porous applicator
US7638144B2 (en) 1999-10-04 2009-12-29 Dermanew, Inc. Composition, apparatus and method for skin rejuvenation
US20040167598A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2004-08-26 Margolis James R. Device and method for electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins
WO2004064610A3 (en) * 2003-01-21 2005-04-07 Dermanew Inc Microdermabrasion devices, compositions, and methods
WO2004064610A2 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-05 Dermanew, Inc. Microdermabrasion devices, compositions, and methods
US7179152B1 (en) 2003-02-07 2007-02-20 Dermanew, Inc. Composition suitable for application to human skin
US20050037034A1 (en) * 2003-05-05 2005-02-17 Rhoades Dean L. Method, apparatus, and composition for treating acne
GB2423026A (en) * 2003-08-21 2006-08-16 Azalea Way Consumer Products L Skin Cleansing And Moisturizing Device
US20050043653A1 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-02-24 Azalea Way Consumer Products Llc, Skin cleansing and moisturizing device
WO2005020868A1 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-03-10 Azalea Way Consumer Products Llc Skin cleansing and moisturizing device
US20070249974A1 (en) * 2004-06-28 2007-10-25 Bang Bea Kim Vertical Movement Vibrator of Magnetic Gap Type
US7670304B2 (en) * 2004-06-28 2010-03-02 Bang Bea Kim Vertical movement vibrator of magnetic gap type
US20100113993A1 (en) * 2007-07-10 2010-05-06 Davis James E P Force-multiplying percussor
US8777880B2 (en) 2009-10-19 2014-07-15 Davis Susan B Force-multiplying percussor and self-applicator system for airway clearance
USD715935S1 (en) 2010-06-29 2014-10-21 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Personal care device
WO2013048903A1 (en) 2011-09-30 2013-04-04 Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc. Handheld device with thermal body- care element
WO2013048904A1 (en) 2011-09-30 2013-04-04 Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc. Thermal body-care element and method of use of same
USD745696S1 (en) * 2014-04-29 2015-12-15 Goto Denshi Co., Ltd. Vibration device
US9351559B2 (en) 2014-04-29 2016-05-31 Elc Management Llc Powered skin care device
US9596928B2 (en) 2014-04-29 2017-03-21 Elc Management Llc Powered skin care device
USD823605S1 (en) 2016-12-15 2018-07-24 Paris Presents Incorporated Makeup brush
USD828034S1 (en) 2017-06-26 2018-09-11 Paris Presents Incorporated Brush
USD829004S1 (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-09-25 Paris Presents Incorporated Brush

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