Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Climbing and supporting structures

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2956806A
US2956806A US68466957A US2956806A US 2956806 A US2956806 A US 2956806A US 68466957 A US68466957 A US 68466957A US 2956806 A US2956806 A US 2956806A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
rings
ring
interconnected
structure
units
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Edwin J Routson
Original Assignee
Edwin J Routson
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B9/00Climbing poles, frames, or stages
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2208/00Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player
    • A63B2208/12Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player specially adapted for children
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S52/00Static structures, e.g. buildings
    • Y10S52/10Polyhedron

Description

Oct. 18, 1960 E. J. RoUTsoN 2,956,806

CLIMBING AND sUPPoRTING STRUCTURES Filed sept. 18, 1957 /llllllllll Aria/FNEYS Unite States Patent Oliiice CLIMBING AND SUPPORTING STRUCTURES Edwin 1. Routson, 4409 Garfield Ave. S., lVIinneapolis, Minn.

Filed Sept. 18, 1957, Ser. No. 684,669

'3 Claims.V (Cl. 272-60) This invention relates to unitary and selectively variable climbing and supporting structures for playground use and the like.

It is an object of my invention to provide Vthe structure of the class described, made up of a multiplicity of Variably connectible, inexpensive rings having external portions of relatively soft, somewhat compressible material and preferably reinforced by annular core elements.

A further object is the provision of unitary structureA of the class defined in the preceding paragraph wherein the unitary ring elements are obtainable on the commercial market at extremely low cost as embodied in the annular beads which are cut off from pleasure and truck automotive tires in salvaging tread or boot portions of the used tires. v

Another object is the provision of climbing and suspending apparatus or structure for playground and gymnasium use and the like, by children wherein children may climb, straddle or suspend themselves from various portions of the interconnected units. and wherein the rings are of such size or diameter as to accommodate the body of a child climbing therethrough and wherein all peripheral portions of the interconnected units are of compressible material which will not bruise or injure children in the event of bumps during climbing, gymnasium or suspending antics therein.

Still another object is the provision of unitary-ring climbing and supporting structure consisting in a multiplicity of said rings and attached or readily attachable ring-interconnecting elements which in disassembled condition may be packaged, sold and shipped in do-it-yourself kits for selective assembly in a great variety of different forms.

Another object is the provision of said unitary supporting structure which lends itself to skeleton-cell units of three dimensions.

These and other objects will be apparent from the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views and in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing an interconnected cellular unit, the dotted lines outlining a top ring indicating the positioning and interconnection of the bottom ring of the second cell unit;

Fig. 2 is a detail cross section on a larger scale of a portion of Fig. l, illustrating an exemplary interconnecting means permissive of considerable angular adjustment between abutting-ring-units;

Fig. 3 is a side elevation of a playground climbing and rotary apparatus wherein eight of said cellular units are interconnected to form a generally cubical playground device;

Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the same.

Describing as exemplary, but not in limitation and referring to the drawings:

The manifold, selective assemblies and forms which my invention may take, employ a multiplicity of annular or ring units 10 preferably constructed from compressible, form-retaining material such as rubber or plastic and preferably having a reinforcing core of non-stretchable, strong material such as the metal core wires 10a illustrated in Fig. 2. In the various forms of my invention, foruse as climbing and suspending structure for playgrounds and the like, the unit rings 10 are of an internal diameter preferably within a range between 18 and 20 inches to enable children to readily thrust their torsos and entire bodies therethrough to penetrate the exterior walls of a playground structure and when of cellular construction to obtain entrance to the interiors of the various cells. n

An excellent and preferred annulus or ring available at exceedingly low cost in the commercial market is the' core-wire reinforced bead of a used automotive tire oasing. At the present time, the cord fabric beneath the treads of used tires are salvaged for some value for subsequent use as repair boots and other luses which requires cutting and removal of the thick and heavy attachment beads of the tire casing. The stripped off beads of the tires are at present often thrown away and may be purchased in large quantities at extremely low cost. These continuous, annular beads are of the general crosssectional shape shown in Fig..2 and are heavily reinforced at the cores by endless, non-stretchable metal wire 10a, spaced apart in several concentric series.

As essential elements of my invention, I provide suitable interconnecting mechanism preferably but not necessarily permissive of angular adjustment for coupling and securing contiguous portions of interrelated ring elements together. While a variety of such coupling means may be successfully utilized, those illustra-ted in the accompanying drawings comprise eye bolts or eye screws 11 suitably secured at selected circumferentially spaced points on the peripheries of the ring units so that the assobeads with the inner ends of the screws engaging threadedly with the wires 10a of the core and if necessary, through elasticity of the rubber, spreading such wires slightly for proper treaded engagement.

As shown in the drawings, the many ring units utilized I are each provided with four of said eye screws, circumferentially spaced 90 degrees Iapart around the peripheral edge thereof.v In'the exemplary structure shown relative angular-'adjustment of two interconnected'ring units is possible through at least 90 degrees, thereby enabling the general plane defined by a connected and adjoining ring to be disposed perpendicularly or substantially in alignment with the general plane of the rst ring, whereby a plurality of the rings may be interconnected in generally cubical skeleton, cellular construction as shown in Figs. 1, 3 and 4.

A cell unit which may be utilized in multiples for playground apparatus may comprise as shown in Fig. 1 a

bottom ring interconnected at four circumferentially spaced points withl four vertically disposed side rings which side rings have medial contiguous portions also coupled and interconnected, as by the mechanism illustrated, to form an encircling body. With such an intercellular construction, the bottom ring X of an above cellular unit may be interconnected by the coupling mechanism with the uppermost eye screws or bolts 11 at the upper quadrants of the vertical side rings of the first unit.

In the multi-cell structure shown in Figs. 3 and 4, a side ring forms an end of two interconnected cell units disposed in horizontal relation with the same coupling .Patented Oct.. 18, 1.960

means sutlicing. In other words, when multi-cell structure is employed preferably on parallel attached sides of two cells, only one unit ring will be utilized in common to complete the two adjacent cells at each side.

Referring now to the particular embodiment illustrated' in Figs. 3 and 4, as previously stated, eight cell-units are interconnected, the strength and rigidity of the multiplicity of rings with their reinforced cores being fully adequate to support the weight of from si'X to eight children without deformation thereof. Users may climb externally upon the structure or may pass through the exterior vertical walls into the interior of the cells and may hang or suspend themselves by their arms from. interior or exterior of the overall playground device. The bottom of the multi-cell playground structure as shown, is suitably axed by any means to a rectangular base B which has a large depending axle or hub H rotatably mounted upon a heavy supporting pedestal P. A suitable thrust bearing` (not shown) is made between the lower end of hub H and an axial socket formed in pedestal P. Thus in this form of the device, in addition to the climbing, stretching and suspending facilities of the skeleton structure, a rotative or merry-go-round function is also provided.

From the foregoing description it will be seen that I have provided a unitary and selectively variable construction particularly well adapted for playground and gymnasium use, to enable children to climb upon and through the numerous rings or units in certain of the forms and to climb into and through various cell-units in other forms. The use of annular units, as contrasted with interconnected perpendicularly disposed bars, eliminates injuries which are sometimes caused in presently `used perpendicular bar structures through the formation of angled corners and the like. The further employment of multiple-ring construction composed of relatively soft, compressible material, prevents bumps and minor injuries.

It will be seen that with my unitary construction the structure may be packaged and sold in kits with multiplicities of the rings disposed loosely in tiers and with portions of the cooperating coupling elements either assembled in the rings or loosely disposed unassembled in the kits. The kits may contain drawings or illustrations to instruct the user how to erect and assemble a number of different formations and structures of multi-cell construction. Vertical closed geometrical figures, inverted U-shaped figures like tunnels and even spherical figures may all be formed through selective assembly of the unitary structure.

It will of course be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details and arrangement of 4 i parts without departing from the scope of my invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In unitary supporting structure, a plurality of interconnected cell units, each of said units being defined by a plurality of interconnected rings and having a first end ring, a second end ring spaced therefrom in substantially coaxial relation and a plurality of side rings interconnecting said two spaced end rings and having contiguous side portions which are interconnected, a number of said interconnected rings, each comprising an annular body member constructed from somewhat com pressible and elastic material and a reinforcing annular core element in said body member constructed of substantially nonstretchable material.

2. The structure set forth in claim 1 and coupling elements constituting the interconnections between said rings, each of said coupling elements including a screw portion projecting into the body and core of one of said rings and wherein the reinforcing core elements of said rings comprises a series of spaced wires between which said screw portion is threadedly engaged and retained.

3. Climbing and supporting structure for playgrounds` and the like, having in combination a multiplicity of interconnected, somewhat compressible rings of internal diameter to admit passage of a child therethrough, cooperating coupling means at circumferentially spaced points on each of said rings for selectively coupling rings together in a great variety of manners said coupling means having apertured projecting elements extending from the peripheries of the respective rings and related to the central planes defined by said rings so that the apertured elements of at least three of said rings may be aligned and interconnected by a common securing element,` and wherein said cooperating coupling means have inner threaded ends extending into the body of the respective rings and wherein said rings have cores consisting of a series of spaced annular wires with which said inner ends threadedly engage and are retained.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,316,570 Friedrich Sept. 23, 1919 1,619,298 Hornby Mar. 1, 1927 2,423,308 Frieder et al. July 1, 1947 2,791,868 Viken May 14, 1957 2,800,105 Ilg July 23, 1957 2,801,717 Schlumbohm Aug. 6, 1957 2,814,159 Green Nov. 26, 1957- FOREIGN PATENTS 426,690 France July 12, 1911 l l z i

US2956806A 1957-09-18 1957-09-18 Climbing and supporting structures Expired - Lifetime US2956806A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2956806A US2956806A (en) 1957-09-18 1957-09-18 Climbing and supporting structures

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2956806A US2956806A (en) 1957-09-18 1957-09-18 Climbing and supporting structures

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2956806A true US2956806A (en) 1960-10-18

Family

ID=24749054

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2956806A Expired - Lifetime US2956806A (en) 1957-09-18 1957-09-18 Climbing and supporting structures

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2956806A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1200992B (en) * 1962-04-30 1965-09-16 Shell Int Research A process for the hydrogenating cleavage of a Kohlenwasserstoffoels
US3496669A (en) * 1966-02-01 1970-02-24 Horst Siggelkow Kit for constructing adjustable toy ball races
US3561757A (en) * 1969-03-17 1971-02-09 William C Schillig Hinged modular playground block system
US3947024A (en) * 1974-03-12 1976-03-30 Newtoys, Inc. Tiretoys
US3959937A (en) * 1974-06-17 1976-06-01 Leonard Spunt Modular dome structure
US4128104A (en) * 1977-12-19 1978-12-05 Foy McCullough Ring structure
US4340217A (en) * 1980-12-22 1982-07-20 Gillis Robert E Monkey maze
US4984407A (en) * 1989-03-28 1991-01-15 Kurt Ziehmer Framework
US5137271A (en) * 1990-05-08 1992-08-11 American Playtime Systems, Inc. Modular architectural structure for playgrounds and the like
US5177926A (en) * 1990-05-08 1993-01-12 American Playtime Systems, Inc. Modular architectural structure for playground and the like
EP1418995A1 (en) * 2001-07-28 2004-05-19 Rhino Toys, Inc. Toy ball apparatus
US20090156365A1 (en) * 2007-05-08 2009-06-18 Michael Prstojevich Training Ladder Formed With Polygon Segments

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR426690A (en) * 1911-03-01 1911-07-12 Cartier & Ader Soc New strap mount
US1316570A (en) * 1919-09-23 Ments
US1619298A (en) * 1923-07-25 1927-03-01 Meccano Company Inc Circular girder
US2423308A (en) * 1945-06-08 1947-07-01 Frieder Net
US2791868A (en) * 1955-05-02 1957-05-14 Viken Reidar Constructional toy
US2800105A (en) * 1955-09-16 1957-07-23 Adeline M Ilg Amusement and exercising device for birds
US2801717A (en) * 1953-10-06 1957-08-06 Schlumbohm Peter Building walls
US2814159A (en) * 1955-04-11 1957-11-26 Spectoyculars Inc Building unit and assembly for toys and the like

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1316570A (en) * 1919-09-23 Ments
FR426690A (en) * 1911-03-01 1911-07-12 Cartier & Ader Soc New strap mount
US1619298A (en) * 1923-07-25 1927-03-01 Meccano Company Inc Circular girder
US2423308A (en) * 1945-06-08 1947-07-01 Frieder Net
US2801717A (en) * 1953-10-06 1957-08-06 Schlumbohm Peter Building walls
US2814159A (en) * 1955-04-11 1957-11-26 Spectoyculars Inc Building unit and assembly for toys and the like
US2791868A (en) * 1955-05-02 1957-05-14 Viken Reidar Constructional toy
US2800105A (en) * 1955-09-16 1957-07-23 Adeline M Ilg Amusement and exercising device for birds

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1200992B (en) * 1962-04-30 1965-09-16 Shell Int Research A process for the hydrogenating cleavage of a Kohlenwasserstoffoels
US3496669A (en) * 1966-02-01 1970-02-24 Horst Siggelkow Kit for constructing adjustable toy ball races
US3561757A (en) * 1969-03-17 1971-02-09 William C Schillig Hinged modular playground block system
US3947024A (en) * 1974-03-12 1976-03-30 Newtoys, Inc. Tiretoys
US3959937A (en) * 1974-06-17 1976-06-01 Leonard Spunt Modular dome structure
US4128104A (en) * 1977-12-19 1978-12-05 Foy McCullough Ring structure
US4340217A (en) * 1980-12-22 1982-07-20 Gillis Robert E Monkey maze
US4984407A (en) * 1989-03-28 1991-01-15 Kurt Ziehmer Framework
US5137271A (en) * 1990-05-08 1992-08-11 American Playtime Systems, Inc. Modular architectural structure for playgrounds and the like
US5177926A (en) * 1990-05-08 1993-01-12 American Playtime Systems, Inc. Modular architectural structure for playground and the like
EP1418995A1 (en) * 2001-07-28 2004-05-19 Rhino Toys, Inc. Toy ball apparatus
EP1418995A4 (en) * 2001-07-28 2006-05-10 Rhino Toys Inc Toy ball apparatus
US20090156365A1 (en) * 2007-05-08 2009-06-18 Michael Prstojevich Training Ladder Formed With Polygon Segments
US8579768B2 (en) * 2007-05-08 2013-11-12 Nike, Inc. Training ladder formed with polygon segments

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3502330A (en) Rebound device for physical exercises and games having a deformable frame
US3289787A (en) Collapsible hunting shelter
US3170171A (en) Shower hoop for play yards
US3226117A (en) Bar bell disk weight construction
US3186711A (en) Playground toy and exercising device
US3059658A (en) Shelter framework
US4998552A (en) Geodetic tent structure
US3730520A (en) Playground toy
US4426076A (en) Tumbling board and spring assembly
US4285514A (en) Ramp device for practicing wheeled sports
US5575738A (en) Exercise and play apparatus
US5810695A (en) Water trampoline device
US3782724A (en) Goal post padding
US4569515A (en) Exercise structure and ball game
US4569362A (en) Flexible frame and tent
US5399132A (en) Safety enclosure for trampoline
US3220766A (en) Portable hunter's blind stand
US5221241A (en) Gymnastic training device
US4773639A (en) Infant walker
US2938727A (en) Aquatic recreational device
US4101163A (en) Collapsible chair
US4690656A (en) Wheel and winch assemblies utilizing identical hubs and axles in a toy construction set
US3656749A (en) Buoyant game hoop
US2207025A (en) Aquatic amusement device
US3195898A (en) Net supporting arrangement