US295563A - James p - Google Patents

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US295563A US295563DA US295563A US 295563 A US295563 A US 295563A US 295563D A US295563D A US 295563DA US 295563 A US295563 A US 295563A
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    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/61Magazines
    • F41A9/64Magazines for unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/65Box magazines having a cartridge follower


(No Model.)

J. P. LEE & L. P. DISS.


No. 295,563. Patented-Mar. 25, 1884.

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PATENT .rrics.



SPECIFICATION forming part Of Letters Patent No. 295,563, dated March 25, 1884.

Application filed January 9, 1884. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that we, JAMES P. LEE and LOUIS P. DIss, of Ilion, in the county of Herkimer and State of New York, have invented certain Improvements in Magazines for Fire- Arms, of which the followingisaspecification.

This invention relates to detachable magazines for. firearms of the kind originally patented to James P. Lee, November 4, 1879, No. 221,328; and the invention consists in a novel construction an d arrangement of the spring or detent which holds the cartridges in the box when not attached to the arm, and in corrugating the body of the box, all as hereinafter more fully set forth.

Figurel is a perspective view of a magazine, showing the spring locked. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section. Fig. 8 is a top plan View, and Fig. 4 is a view of a modified form of spring detached.

As shown in the Lee patent hereinbefore re ferred to, the gun is constructed so as to be used either as a single loader orasamagazinegun, the cartridges in the latter case being fed from a magazine or box of the general character of that shown in the accompanying drawings upward through an op enin gin the receiver or frame of the gun, the mouth of the magazine being inserted in-a mortise made for it in the under side of the stock. These magazines or boxes, in order not to render the gun unsightly or inconvenient, must necessarily be made so short verticc lly that they will hold but few cartridges, and it is desirable to make them very cheap, so that in action they may be thrown away when emptied of their cartridges. .At the same time they must be so constructed that they will retain the cartridges secure1y,so they can be filled and carried detached, ready for use, and so that when applied to the arm the spring, detent, or whatever device is used to retain the cartridges will be automatically released and thrown out of the way of the cartridges, so they can be fed into the arm without hinderance. To accomplish these results various efforts have heretofore been made, but such efforts have not been attended with the degree of success that is desirable.

The body of the box or magazine A in this case we make of any suitable material, preferably of verylight sheet-iron as being the cheapest material, and in order to give it the necessary rigidity to prevent it from being jammed or otherwise bent out of shape, and thereby the walls or sides of the box either horizontally,

vertically, or at any desired angle as experience shall demonstrate is most desirable. As they cannot well be made to extend to or across the front and rear ends of the box without interfering with the feeding of the cartridges, and also rendering it more difficult to form the joint which unites the two sides of the box, these corrugations,whatever their shape or position,will necessarily be formed by swages or dies before the sidesare united. By this improvement we are enabled to use a much lighter or thinner, and therefore cheaper, material, and yet impart to the box the necessary degree of rigidity. Another advantage is that the boxes themselves can be made lighter, and this is an important feature,inasmuch as the soldier is expected to carry quite a number of them ready charged.

Instead of the various devices heretofore shown for holding the cartridges in the box, we now make use of a simple piece of springwire, I), as shown in the several figures. This spring 1) consists of a piece of steel or brass wire bent in the form shown in Fig. 2, its upper or horizontal arm being of the proper length to extend diagonally across the top or mouth of the box, as shown in Fig. 1 and by dotted lines in Fig. 3, and has its end a bent upward to form a hook to engage with the opposite side of the box, as shown in Fig. 1, there being a hole, d, formed in the side of the box for the hook to enter, and there being also an indentation of themetal of the box where the hook c engages, as shown at f, Fig. 3, so that the hook 0, when thus, engaged, shall not project beyond the outer face of the box and in- IOO shown in Fig. 2, or on the inside, if preferred. At its lower end the spring I) is bent ataright angle, as shown, by which means it is securely fastened in place, and at the same time it is prevented from turning bodily in its groove. By thus arranging this wire or springb we secure not only the spring action of the horizontal part, but also of the vertical portion,which is twisted or has a tortional strain applied to it when the arm is swung around across the mouth of the box, so that when the arm is released or unhooked it is sure to spring around entirely out of the way of the cartridges in the box. In the drawings we haveshown the wire or spring as extending straight downv the side of the box; but, if preferred, it may be curved, as shown in Fig. 4, or in any desired form which will impart to it the required spring action. So, too, it is obvious that, instead of extending downward, as shown, it may be secured to the box at its top, either by inserting it through holes formed for it along the upper edge of the side to which it is to be secured or by soldering or brazing it thereto;. but we prefer the plan shown, because it is the simplest, dispenses with all soldering, &c.,which would affeet the temper of the spring more or less, and because the spring is more effective when thus arranged.

In order to permit the spring-arm to spring around out of the way, and yet not project beyond the outer wall of the box in such manner as to require a recess for it in the side or wall of the opening in which the box is inserted, it is so'curved and arranged that,when released, it will assume a position directly over the top edge of the wall of the box to which it is secured, as shown in Fig. 3, the metal of the wall being cut away a little at that point, as

shown at 6, Fig. 1. This spring thus constructed and applied we find to operate very satisfactorily, and it is cheap in construction. It will be understood, of course, that when the magazine charged with cartridges is applied to the arm the spring-ar1n b will be automatically released by the end of the hook c striking against a suitable stud or projectionin the arm as the box is shoved into place, the hook c being depressed sufficiently to cause it to release its hold on the side of the box,when it will instantly spring around to the position shown in Fig. 3.

We do not of course make any claim to the broad idea of corrugating sheet metal, as that has long been practiced and is well known; but

What we do claim is 1. A cartridge or magazine box of the form or character substantially such as shown, composed of thin sheet metal or similar material and having its sides corrugated or indented, substantially as shown and described.

2. In a magazine for fire-arms, the combination of the box A and the spring-arm b, said parts being arranged to operate substantially as shown and described, whereby the springarm is adapted to be swung across the open end or mouth of the box to hold the cartridges therein, and when released to automaticall y assume a position directly over and parallel with the wall of the box, out of the way of the escaping cartridges, as set forth.

3. In combination with the box A,the spring 12, secured to one wall of the box and havingits free end provided with a hook, 0, arranged to engage with the opposite side, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

4. In combination with the box A, having the hole (I and indentation f formed in one of its walls, the spring-arm b, secured to its op. posite wall and provided with a hook, 0, arranged to engage with said indented portion, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.



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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2903809A (en) * 1956-02-21 1959-09-15 Fairchild Engine & Airplane Co Cartridge magazine of aluminum or magnesium
US6606811B1 (en) * 2002-10-09 2003-08-19 Knight Armament Company Firearm magazine with improved bolt catch actuator

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2903809A (en) * 1956-02-21 1959-09-15 Fairchild Engine & Airplane Co Cartridge magazine of aluminum or magnesium
US6606811B1 (en) * 2002-10-09 2003-08-19 Knight Armament Company Firearm magazine with improved bolt catch actuator

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