US2918672A - Broadband u.h.f.-v.h.f. television antenna - Google Patents

Broadband u.h.f.-v.h.f. television antenna Download PDF

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US2918672A
US2918672A US744358A US74435858A US2918672A US 2918672 A US2918672 A US 2918672A US 744358 A US744358 A US 744358A US 74435858 A US74435858 A US 74435858A US 2918672 A US2918672 A US 2918672A
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antenna
apices
vhf
uhf
extensions
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US744358A
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Doyt R Hoverman
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Doyt R Hoverman
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q21/00Antenna arrays or systems
    • H01Q21/06Arrays of individually energised antenna units similarly polarised and spaced apart
    • H01Q21/08Arrays of individually energised antenna units similarly polarised and spaced apart the units being spaced along or adjacent to a rectilinear path
    • H01Q21/12Parallel arrangements of substantially straight elongated conductive units

Description

Dec. 22, 1959 D. R. HOVERMAN 2,91$,672
BROADBAND U.H.F.V.H.F. TELEVISION ANTENNA Filed June 25, 1958 INVENTOR. Doyz? 1Q. f/OVE/Mziil g 5 WAM A ftojanegw United States atent O BROADBAND U.H.F.-V.H.F. TELEVISION ANTENNA Doyt R. Hoverman, Van Wert, Ohio Application June 25, 1958, Serial No. 744,358
9 Claims. (Cl. 343--726) The present invention relates to a television-receiving antenna, and more particularly to a unitary antenna structure having broad frequency response in both the UHF and VHF television spectra.
Commercial television signals are telecast in the frequency spectra normally characterized as very high frequency and ultra high frequency," respectively. These spectra are commonly referred to in abbreviated form as VHF and UHF. The VHF spectrum extends between 54 to 88 and 174 to 216 megacycles, and the UHF spectrum extends from 470 to 890 megacycles.
Because of the extensive separation between the UHF and VHF spectra, it is normally considered impossible to utilize a receiving antenna designed for one spectrum in another. In other words, an antenna designed for use in the UHF spectrum is inoperative in the VHF spectrum in areas which are not completely saturated with television signal. This separation and operation of such antennas is particularly true in the so-called television fringe areas.
In adapting television receivers for receiving both UHF and VHF stations, two separate antennas normally are used, one being particularly designed for UHF reception and the other for VHF.
The antenna of the present invention overcomes this requirement of two, discrete antenna installations for both of UHF and VHF reception by providing a single and uniquely simple structure which is capable of receiving signals over relatively wide portions of both spectra.
It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a single antenna construction capable of receiving signals in both the UHF and VHF spectra.
It is another object of this invention to provide a combination UHF-VHF antenna having broadband characteristics in both the UHF and VHF spectra.
. It is still another object of this invention to provide, in a single construction, an antenna of simple and lightweight design which is capable of receiving signals in both the UHF and VHF spectra.
. It is still another object of this invention to provide a combination UHF and VHF antenna which is bidirectional.
Yet another object is to provide a combination UHF and VHF antenna which is omnidirectional.
Other objects will become apparent as the description proceeds.
To the accomplishment of the above and related objects, my invention may be embodied in the forms illustrated in the accompanying drawings, attention being called to the fact, however, that the drawings are illustrative only, and that specific change may be made in the specific constructions illustrated and described, so long as the scope of the appended claims is not violated.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of one embodiment of this invention;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the antenna of Fig. 1, shown as being installed on a mast or pipe; and
Fig. 3 is an elevation of another embodiment of this invention.
Referring to the drawings, and more particularly to Figs. 1 and 2, the antenna comprises two elongated,
metallic rod or wire-like members 10 and 12 which con-' wardly extending legs 20, 22, 24, 26, 28 and 30, which are joined together, end-to-end, to provide three apices 32, 34 and 36 along one side and two apices 38 and 40 along the other side. The apices 32, 34 and 36 are disposed along a substantially straight imaginary line, as are the two apices 38 and 40 along another substantially straight imaginary line, these two imaginary lines being substantially parallel. two endmost legs 20 and 30 are formed or integrally connected two substantially straight extensions 42 and 44, these extensions being at substantially right angles to the two imaginary lines just described and, further, extending at obtuse angles with respect to the respective legs 20 and 30.
As shown in Fig. 1, the two antenna sections 10 and 12 are assembled in substantial parallelism and in a common plane. Further, the end extensions 42, 44 are disposed to project oppositely to the end extensions 42a and 44a, respectively, the letter sufiixes on the reference numerals indicating the same element on the antenna section 12 as appears on the antenna section 10 which bears the same numeral. Further, these sections 10 and 12 are positioned with the respective apices 32, 34 and 36 juxtaposed and spaced from the respective apices 32a, 34a and 36a.
Three bar-like insulators formed of Plexiglas or polystyrene, 46, 48 and 50, are fastened to the respective pairs of apices 32, 32a through 36, 36a. Any suitable fastening means may be used, suitable bolts, nuts and washers, as indicated by the reference numeral 52, being illustrated. Each individual apex 32 through 36 is clamped into a conformed groove in the insulator under the head of the bolt 52, the bolt passing through the insulator and receiving on the other side a nut and washer. By means of this fastening, the two antenna sections 10 and 12 are secured in assembled relation, but are electrically insulated from each other.
As shown in Fig. 2, the antenna may be mounted on a pole or mast 54. Any suitable fastening means may be used, the one illustrated comprising the usual strap metal clamping band, as indicated by the numerals 56, these clamping bands being securely fastened to the respective insulators 46, 48 and 50 by means of suitable screws which pass through center openings in the insulators. The screw used for fastening the insulator 48 to its clamping band 56 may consist of the usual transmission line stand-off rod or bar 58, a conventional transmission line of the ribbon or ovular type, as indicated by numeral 60, being held in place by the stand-off bar. The transmission line 60 is further provided with an inverted loop and connected at its ends to the two bolts 52 which pass through the insulator 48 whereby a conductive connection may be made to the two antenna sections 10 and 12 through the respective apices 34 and 34a.
Experimentation has revealed that I broadband operating characteristlcs for the reception of both UHF and VHF Patented Dec. 22, 1959,
On the extremities of the television stations are achieved when the angles of all the apices 32 through 40 are substantially ninety degrees (90) while the lengths of the legs 20 through 30 and the extensions 42 and 44 are substantially seven inches (7"). When constructed according to these dimensions, the antenna exhibits good performance even in class B fringe areas for channels 2 through '7 in the VHF spectrum and channels 14 through 35 in the UHF spectrum. The antenna is bidirectional at right angles to the plane thereof, and it is installed in an upright position as shown in Fig. 2; that is, with the extensions 42, 42a, 44 and 44a extending horizontally.
While the angle of the individual apices 32 through 40 may be something other than ninety degrees (90), experiments have shown that either enlarging or reducing the size of the angle affects the frequency response, causing the antenna to resonate at other points in the frequency spectra. If these angles are made too large or too small, the antenna becomes inoperative.
, The length of the rod or wire-like member forming the antenna section 10 or 12 is selected to be equal to or correspond to a quarter wavelength at a frequency lying in the VHF spectrum. The lengths of the individual legs 20 through 30 and extensions 42, 42a, 44 and 44a are selected to be equal to or correspond to a quarter wavelength at a frequency lying in the UHF spectrum. Thus, the antenna may be optimized for use in connection with any selected series of television stations lying in both the UHF and VHF spectra.
The antenna of Figs. 1 and 2, with only a slight sacrifice in gain, may be easily converted into an omnidirectional antenna by providing a ninety degree (90) longitudinal twist in the arrangement of Fig. l and as more clearly shown in Fig. 3. In this arrangement, the extensions 42, 42a are at right angles to the extensions 44, 44a, with the intermediate portions of the antenna being at different angles according to the progressive twist imparted thereto proceeding from one antenna end to the other.
From the foregoing, it will be appreciated that this invention provides either a bidirectional or omnidirectional antenna which may be used to receive both UHF and VHF television stations. Furthermore, since this antenna has such broad frequency response, it is particularlyv adapted to receive color television signals.
In the specific embodiment of the invention already mentioned, the following materials and dimensions may be used, it being understood that by giving this example the scope of the invention is not to be limited thereto but shall be determined by the coverage of the claims appended hereto.
Antenna sections 10, 12No. 9 hardened aluminum wire Insulators 46, 48, 50Plexiglas or polystyrene, 2 /2 inches by inch by 4 inch with the two holes for the bolts 52 being spaced Vs inch each side of the center Transmission line 60270-ohm or BOO-ohm ovular or ribbon-type transmission line.
What is claimed is:
' 1. A broadband UHF-VHF antenna comprising two side-by-side, coplanar, metallic antenna sections formed of rod-like material, said two sections being of substantially identical configuration; each section comprising three series-connected V-shaped elements arranged in end-to-end relation thereby providing three, spaced-apart apices along one side and two spaced apart apices along the other side, said three apices being disposed on a first imaginary substantially straight line, said two apices being disposed on a second imaginary substantially straight line which is substantially parallel to said first straight line, two parallel straight extensions integrally connected to the extremities of the two endmost V-shaped elements, respectively, and extending away from both of said imaginary lines, the angles separating the V-shaped elements and the angles in the V-shaped elements them 4 selves being substantially ninety degrees, the anglebetween said extensions and said second imaginary line being substantially ninety degrees; said two antenna sections being spaced apart in parallelism with the three apices thereof being respectively juxtaposed and lying on respective lines at right angles with respect to said imaginary lines, thereby providing three pairs of adjacent but spaced apart apices, three spaced apart bar-like insulators, said three pairs of apices being secured to said three insulators respectively; the legs of said V-shaped elements and said extensions being approximately seven inches long, and two terminals connected to the intermediate pair of apices for attaching a dual conductor transmission line thereto.
2. A broadband UHF-VHF antenna comprising two side-by-side, coplanar, metallic antenna sections formed of rod-like material, said two sections being of substantially identical configuration; each section comprising three series-connected V-shaped elements arranged in endto-end relation thereby providing three, spaced-apart:
apices along one side and two spaced apart apices along the other side, said three apices being disposed on a first imaginary substantially straight line, said two apices being disposed on a second imaginary substantially straight line which is substantially parallel to said first. straight line, two parallel straight extensions integrally connected to the extremities of the two endmost V-shaped elements, respectively, and extending away from both of.
said imaginary lines, said two antenna sections being spaced apart in parallelism with the three apices thereof being respectively juxtaposed and lying on respective lines at right angles with respect to said imaginary lines, thereby providing three pairs of adjacent but spaced apart apices, three spaced apart bar-like insulators, said three pairs of apices being secured to said three insulators respectively; and two terminals connected to the intermediate pair of apices for attaching a dual conductor trans-- mission line thereto.
3. A broadband UHF-VHF antenna comprising twoside-by-side, coplanar, metallic antenna sections formed of rod-like material, said two sections being of substantially identical configuration; each section comprising three series-connected V-shaped elements arranged in end-to-end relation, each element having two legs, the
ends of the legs of the intermediate element being integrally connected to the adjacent legs of the end elements respectively, thereby providing three apices along one side and two apices along the other side, said three apices being disposed on a first imaginary substantially straight line, said two apices being disposed on a second imaginary substantially straight line which is substantially parallel to said first straight line, two parallel straight extensions integrally connected to the extremities.
to said three insulators respectively; and two terminalsconnected to the intermediate pair of apices for attaching a dual conductor transmission line thereto.
4. A broadband UHF-VHF antenna comprising two side-by-side, coplanar, metallic antenna sections formed of rod-like material, said two sections being of substantially identical configuration; each section comprising three series-connected V-shaped elements arranged in end-to-end relation thereby providing three, spaced apart apices along one side and two spaced apart apicesalong'i the other side, said three apices being disposed on a first imaginary substantially straight line, said two apices being disposed on a second imaginary substantially straight. line which is substantially parallel to said first straight line, two parallel straight extensions integrally connected to the extremities of the two endmost V-shaped elements, respectively, and extending away from both of said imaginary lines, said two antenna sections being spaced apart in parallelism with the three apices thereof being respectively juxtaposed thereby providing three pairs of adjacent but spaced apart apices, three spaced apart barlike insulators, said three pairs of apices being secured to said three insulators respectively; and two terminals connected to the intermediate pair of apices for attaching a dual conductor transmission line thereto.
5. The antenna of claim 2 but progressively twisted longitudinally ninety degrees whereby said extensions at one end of the antenna are disposed at right angles to the extensions at the other antenna end.
6. A broadband UHFVHF antenna comprising two side-by-side, coplanar, metallic antenna sections formed of rod-like material, said two sections being of substantially identical configuration; each section comprising three series-connected V-shaped elements arranged in end-to-end relation thereby providing three, spaced-apart apices along one side and two spaced apart apices along the other side, two parallel straight extensions integrally connected to the extremities of the outer legs of the two endmost V-shaped elements, respectively, said extensions being set at obtuse angles with the respective legs; said two antenna sections being spaced apart in parallelism with the three apices thereby being respectively juxtaposed thereby providing three pairs of adjacent but spaced apart apices, three spaced apart barlike insulators, said three pairs of apices being secured to said three insulators respectively, and two terminals connected to the intermediate pair of apices for attaching a dual conductor transmission line thereto.
7. The antenna of claim 6 wherein the lengths of the legs of the V-shaped elements are substantially equal and correspond to a quarter of a wavelength at a frequency lying in the UHF spectrum, and the length of each antenna section corresponds to a quarter of a wavelength at a frequency lying in the VHF spectrum.
8. A broadband UHF-VHF antenna comprising two side-by-side, coplanar, metallic antenna sections formed of rod-like material, said two sections being of substantially identical configuration; each section comprising an odd plurality of series-connected V-shaped elements arranged in end-to-end relation thereby providing a first series of spaced apart apices along one side and a secured series of spaced apart apices along the other side, two parallel straight extensions connected to the extremities of the two endmost V-shaped elements respectively, said extensions being set at obtuse angles with the respective legs; said two antenna sections being spaced apart in parallelism with the first series apices being respectively juxtaposed thereby providing plural pairs of adjacent but spaced apart apices, and means fixedly securing said antenna sections into assembled relation, the lengths of the legs of the V-shaped elements being substantially equal and corresponding to a quarter of a wavelength at a frequency in the UHF spectrum, and the length of each antenna section corresponding to a quarter of a wavelength at a frequency lying in the VHF spectrum.
9. The antenna of claim 8 wherein the angles in the V-shaped elements and the angles between the V-shaped elements are substantially ninety degrees.
References (Iited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,775,801 Alexanderson Sept. 16, 1930 2,213,692 Cork Sept. 3, 1940 2,856,604 Wirtanew et al Oct. 14, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 974,560 France Oct. 4, 1950 OTHER REFERENCES Pub., CQ, January 1950, pages 18, 19 and 82, entitled, The Zig Zag Array.
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3148371A (en) * 1962-05-31 1964-09-08 Doyt R Hoverman Broadband unidirectional uhf television antenna
US3235868A (en) * 1962-09-07 1966-02-15 Antennacraft Co Zig-zag uhf antenna with four square diamond-shaped portions and quarter wave stubs
US4872022A (en) * 1985-03-05 1989-10-03 Schock Edward J Support and connection means for looped antenna conductors
US10594044B1 (en) 2019-03-07 2020-03-17 Jon C. Taenzer Wide-direction antenna

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1775801A (en) * 1927-11-15 1930-09-16 Gen Electric Radio signaling system
US2213692A (en) * 1938-03-15 1940-09-03 Emi Ltd Aerial system
FR974560A (en) * 1941-09-20 1951-02-23 Improvements to television antennas
US2856604A (en) * 1953-12-24 1958-10-14 Albert W Wirtanen Antenna

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1775801A (en) * 1927-11-15 1930-09-16 Gen Electric Radio signaling system
US2213692A (en) * 1938-03-15 1940-09-03 Emi Ltd Aerial system
FR974560A (en) * 1941-09-20 1951-02-23 Improvements to television antennas
US2856604A (en) * 1953-12-24 1958-10-14 Albert W Wirtanen Antenna

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3148371A (en) * 1962-05-31 1964-09-08 Doyt R Hoverman Broadband unidirectional uhf television antenna
US3235868A (en) * 1962-09-07 1966-02-15 Antennacraft Co Zig-zag uhf antenna with four square diamond-shaped portions and quarter wave stubs
US4872022A (en) * 1985-03-05 1989-10-03 Schock Edward J Support and connection means for looped antenna conductors
US10594044B1 (en) 2019-03-07 2020-03-17 Jon C. Taenzer Wide-direction antenna

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