US2898797A - Cam operated ball detent coupling pin - Google Patents

Cam operated ball detent coupling pin Download PDF

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US2898797A
US2898797A US587734A US58773456A US2898797A US 2898797 A US2898797 A US 2898797A US 587734 A US587734 A US 587734A US 58773456 A US58773456 A US 58773456A US 2898797 A US2898797 A US 2898797A
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cam
operating
coupling pin
locking
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Bronstein Harry
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Bronstein Harry
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/10Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings by separate parts
    • F16B21/16Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings by separate parts with grooves or notches in the pin or shaft
    • F16B21/165Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings by separate parts with grooves or notches in the pin or shaft with balls or rollers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18056Rotary to or from reciprocating or oscillating
    • Y10T74/18176Crank, pitman, lever, and slide
    • Y10T74/18182Pump jack type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20576Elements
    • Y10T74/20732Handles

Description

Aug. 11, 1959 H. BRONSTEIN CAM OPERATED BALL DETENT COUPLING PIN Filed May 28, 1956 m I. ll

ICC

2,898,797 I CAM OPERATED BALL DETENT COUPLING PIN Harry Bronstein, Philadelphia, Pa.

Application May 28, 1956, Serial No. 587,734

3 Claims. (Cl. 85-5) The present invention relates to a device forconnecting articles having openings which can be brought into registration and it relates more particularly -to an automatically-locking quick-release device of this general character.

It has heretofore been suggested to provide locking pins intended to be inserted into aligned openings in a plurality of objects; the pins having means for automatically locking them in connecting position and also being provided with fast acting release mechanism enabling them to be withdrawn quickly and easily so as to free the attached articles.

However, the prior-art structures heretofore employed have not proven entirely satisfactory in that they are relatively difficult to operate, sometimes fail to release properly, are susceptible to accidental release, and occasionally jam due to adverse action of moisture and/ or foreign material on its working parts. I

Accordingly, the present invention contemplates a new and improved self-locking quick-release coupling pin of the character described wherein the shortcomings of the prior-art are eliminated or minimized. I

Generally speaking, the novel self-locking quick-release coupling pin of the present invention provides a new and improved construction which is firmly and securely locked against accidental release, in which the e Patented Aug. 11, 1959 2 the line 33 of Fig. 1 and showing the pinin coupling position connecting two apertured members.

Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view like that of Fig. 3. but showing the position of the parts when the coupling pin is in releasing position. 1

Figure 5 is a vertical cross-sectional view of the coupling pin of Fig. 1 but taken in a plane generally at right angles to that of Fig. 3.

Figure 6 is a vertical cross-sectional view generally like those of Figs. 3 and 4 but showing the cam member and the pull handle rotated 180 from the position of Fig. 3.

Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view generally like-that of Fig. 4, but showing another embodiment of the present invention, employing a stop for the operating member.

Figure 8 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view showing still another embodiment of the invention utilizing an alternative form of stop.

According to the embodiment of Figs. 1-5, the novel coupling pin of the present invention comprises a body polygonal) configuration so that it can be gripped by a operating handle is held in readily accessible and convenient position for maximum speed of release; wherein ease of release is ensured by novel cam mechanism which is fully enclosed to protect it against moisture and foreign material; which provides positive locking and unlocking action; which can be mallet driven .into bind fits without damage to its operating parts, which is provided with a polygonal head permitting use of a wrench to facilitate removal from bind ,fits; and which can be easily and inexpensively. manufactured and is durable and dependable in operation. I I

Other objects and advantages of the present invention are apparent in the'following detailed description, appended claims and accompanying drawings.

For the purpose of illustrating this invention certain wrench or other tool to facilitate removal from a bind fit; the twisting motionimparted by the wrench tending to ease the cylindrical portion 32 out of the hind fit in a manner which is obvious to those skilled in the art.

The main cylindrical portion 32 of the body 20 is provided with an axially-extending cylindrical opening or bore 38. i

A pair of diametrically opposed-radial openings or bores 42 are formed in the cylindrical portion 32 slightly inwardly of the tapered front end 34. The openings 42 communicate with the bore 38 and are sodimensioned relative to the balls 24 that, when the balls are positioned within the openings 42 and radial outward pressure is applied to them, they can move only into the partially protruding position shown in Figs. 1 and 3.

forms thereof, which are presently-preferred, are illusv The bore 38 communicates at its rear end with a larger? diameter relatively short counterbore 44 which begins generally, at the front of the enlarged hexagonal portion 36. An inwardly directed annular shoulder 46 is provided at the front end of the counterbore 44.

A still larger diameter counterbore 48 communicates with the rear end of the counterbore 44 and extends rearwardly therefrom to the end of the body 20. An inwardly directed annular shoulder 55) is formed at the front end of the counterbore 48 and an annular shoulder ganized without departing from the spirit of this inven- V lease coupling pin forming one embodiment of the present invention; the coupling pin being shown in locking 52 is provided at the end of the. body 20 surrounding the counterbore 48, and forming a surface which can be hammered by a mallet or the like to drive the coupling pin into a bind fit as will be more fully described hereinbelow.

A pair of diametrically opposedcylindrical openings 54 extend radially through the enlarged rear portion 36 of the body 20 and communicate with the rearmost and largest counterbore 48 as indicated in Figs. 2 and 5.

Coming now to the operating member or plunger 22, this element comprises an elongated generally cylindrical stem or spindle 56 having an annular groove '58 formed therein slightly inward of its forward free end 60. 1 At the rear end of the stem 56 there is formed an en- 1 larged generally cylindrical portion 62. The cylindrical 3 portion 62 has an opening 64 of novel configuration, extending diametrically therethrough, as best shown in Figs. 1, 3 and 5. The opening 64 is spaced slightly to the rear of the front end of the portion 62 which has a forwardly directedannular shoulder 66.

Thus, the opening 64 is defined by a flat circular carnfollower wall 68, best shown in Fig. 2, from which a pair of diametrically opposed walls 70 extend generally axially and rearwardly (vertically in Figs. 1 and 3); the walls 70 merging into a generally arcuate wall 72, as indicated in Figs. 2 and 3. As shown in Fig. 5, the wall 72 also flares outwardly from the relatively narrow walls 70.

As best shown in Fig. 3, the opening 64', in crosssection, generally'resembles a somewhat flattened. ellipse in which one end has been cut off by a straight line extending through the corresponding focus perpendicular to the transverse axis.

The diameter of the stem 56 issuch that it fits slidably within the bore 38 of the body 20 while the. diameter of the enlarged portion 62 is such that it fits slidably within the'counterbore 48 of said body 28. The overall length of the operating member 22 is preferably slightly less than that of the body 20 so that, when the operating member is in its forwardmost advanced position (in which its front end 60 contacts the stop shoulder 40), the flat circular end wall 74 of the portion 62 is recessed slightly within the annular shoulder 52, as best shown' in Fig. 4.

The cam member 28 is also of novel construction and has a generally cylindrical convex surface 76 and flat circular end walls 78. A notch 80 is formed in the cylindrical portion of the cam member 28; the notch be ing defined by a pair of parallel plane surfaces 82 which extend transversely inwardly for somewhat more than half the diameter of the member 28 and by a plane surface 84 which extends longitudinally intermediate the inner edges of the surfaces 82.

Each of the flat end walls 78 is provided with a generally diametrically extending groove 86. A small hole 88 extends generally axially inward a short distance from each groove 86, at a point which is spaced from the axis of the cam member 28.

The pull handle 30 is formed from a length of somewhat resilient, but form-retaining wire or the like, bent into a general keystone or other suitable shape with a pair of opposed arm portions 90 provided with inwardly directed free ends 92. The pull handle 30 can be connected to the end wall 78 of the cam member 28 by manually spreading apart the opposed arm portions 92 and then permitting the ends 92 to snap into place within the holes 88; the resilience of the wire pull handle maintaining the opposed arm portions 9-9 snugly in position within the grooves 86, as best indicated in Figs. 1 and 5.

The novel coupling pin of the present invention is assembled in the following manner.

The balls 24 are dropped into the bore 38 (from the counterbore 48) and are positioned within the ball openings 42. The helical spring 26 is then placed about the stem 56 of the operating member 22 .and the latter inserted into the body from the rear end thereof. In the position shown in Fig. 3, the balls 24 are maintained in protruding position within the openings 42 by the forwardmost (lowermost in Fi 3) end of the cylindrical portion 32 of the operating member 22. It'can be seen that, in this position, the spring 26, which encircles the rearmost (uppermost in Fig. 3) end of the cylindrical portion 32 is disposed partly within the intermediate counterbore 44 and partly within the largest rearmost counterbore 48. One end ofthe spring 26 is seated against the annular shoulder 46 while the otherend bearsagainst the annular shoulder 66 of the rear portion 62 of the operating member 22. t

It is apparent that the spring 26 acts, in compression, to resist. forward- (downward in Fig. 3) movement of the operating member relative to the body.-

After the operating member has thus been inserted into the body or housing, it is forced downward against the spring (by pressure applied manually to the wall 74) until the opening 64 and the diametric openings 54 are in alignment. The cam member 28 can then be inserted in the position shown in Fig. 6 (i.e. with its notch 80 facing rearwardly or upwardly) so as to extend through the aligned openings 64 and 54. As is evident from Fig. 6, the axial dimension of the opening 64 is somewhat greater than the diameter of the openings 54 and the cam member 28, so that the un-notched end portions 81 of the cam member can pass through all of the aligned openings.

The axial dimension of the :cam member 28 is such that it protrudes slightly at both sides of the portion 36 as indicated in Fig. 5.

After the cam member has thus been inserted, it is rotated 180 clockwise to the position of Figs. 3 and 5 and the manual pressure on the end wall 74 is removedwhereupon the spring 26 moves the operating member from the position of Fig. 6 to the position of Figs. 3 and 5 wherein the shoulder 66 fits within the notch 80 and the flat cam-follower wall 68 bears against the longitudinal It is apparent that the pressure of the spring 26 not only urges the operating member 22 to the rearmost (uppermost) position shown in Fig. 3 as well as in Fig. l and in Fig. 5 but also prevents the cam member 28 from being displaced from its assembled positions. Additional protection against displacement is afforded by the pull handle 30 which is connected to the end wall 78 after the cam member is installedas described above.

It is apparent that the pressure of the spring 26 normally maintains the operating member 22 in the rearmost (uppermost) position shown in Fig. 3, wherein the balls 24 are held in protruding locking position, with the pull handle 30 disposed generally horizontally.

When the pull handle 30 is grasped and swung upwardly from the positionof Fig. 3 to the vertical position of Fig. 4, the cam member 28 is rotated (counterclockwise in Fig. 4') so that the longitudinal notched surface 84, instead of being horizontal, is moved to vertical position and, during this rotation, one of the longitudinal edges of the surface 82 is displaced downwardly, in 'a carnmin'g action against the wall 68, so as to shift the operating member 22 forwardly (downwardly) against the pressure of the spring 26, to the position shown in Fig. 4. In the latter position, the annular groove 58 in the stem 56 is brought into alignment with the balls 24 so that the balls are free to retract within the openings or bores 42. Thereafter a further pull. upon the handle 30 (in the upward directionindicated by the arrow in Fig. 4) releasesthe coupling pin from the elements connected thereby which, in Fig. 3, are indicated, for purposes of illustration, as comprising apertured clevis and tongue members 94 and 96' respectively, such as can be used for connecting a trailer.

In order to re-connect' the members 94 and 96, they are first brought into alignment, after which the handle 30 is raised to vertical unlocking position, the cylindrical por tion 32 re-inserted'into the aligned openings and the handle released whereupon'it snaps back to horiiontal locking position, forcing the balls 24 into protrudingrelationship underlying the connectedmembers.

, The axial dimension of the cylindrical portion 32 from the forward end of the hexagonal portion 36 tothe balls 24 should, of course; be somewhat greater than the combinedthickness of the members 94 and 96 in order to permit the members to be interconnected.

In the case of a bind fit, where manual pressure is incapable of forcing the coupling into place, it is-a simple matter to drive it home by hitting the rear end with a mallet or the like. This does-not injure the operating mechanism because, upon initial contact of the mallet, he wall 74 of the operating member is simply forced to recessed position, aftenwhich the force of the'bldw is taken by the annular shoulder 52 of the body 20. This preliminary downward movement of the operating member 22 retracts the balls 24 in a manner described above so'that the balls and the cylindrical portion '32 can be driven into the bind fit by the main force of the blow.

As mentioned above, where the hind fit is sufficiently tight to prevent withdrawal of the coupling pin by direct manual pull (in the direction of the arrow in Fig. 4) additional releasing stress can be exerted by applying a wrench to the hexagonal portion 36 to give a twisting as well as a pulling action.

It is obvious that, with the pull handle maintained in generally right angular position relative to the body 20 of the coupling pin, it is much more accessible and can be much more readily and conveniently grasped and pulled thereby providing a greater margin of speed and safety in cases of emergency.

In the event that the pull handle is accidentally broken during use, it is still-possible to shift the coupling'pin to unlocking position (either by applying manual pressure to the wall 74 or by inserting a screwdriver into one of the grooves 86 so as to rotate the cam member 28) after which the coupling pin can be grasped, either manually or by any suitable gripping tool, and pulled free. The pressure of the spring 26 forcing the wall 68 against the notched surface 84 provides a positive lock and ensures against accidental disengagement. I

The 180 rotated position of the cam member 28 shown'in Fig. 6'provides an alternative looking or coupling position in which the balls are maintained in protruding position by that portion of the stem 56 which is inward of (above) 'the groove 58. While there is no positive locking of the operating member in this last-mentioned coupling position, it is sometimes desirable to have two alternative locking positions in which the pull handle is disposed on opposite sides of the body 20.

The novel locking quick-release coupling pin construction of the present invention has a wide variety of uses. Thus, in addition to its use in trailer couplings or towbars, as mentioned hereinabove, the coupling pin can be used in many difierent ways, as for example aircraft cockpit ejection mountings, removable seat fastenings, landing gear down-locks, temporary assemblies and mountings for use in cargo handling and machinery shipping, assembly of temporary structures, etc. It is apparent that the cam mechanism is fully enclosed and protected from water and dirt so as to minimize the possibility of rusting or jamming. Thus, dependable and long-lasting operation of the coupling pin is assured.

In Fig. 7 there is shown another embodiment of the present invention in which a stop pin 98 is screwthreadedly or otherwise suitably mounted within the hexagonal portion 36 so as to project inwardly into the counterbore 48 and to halt forward (downward) movement of the shoulder 62 of the operating member 22 at the releasing or uncoupling position.

The cam member 28 is first installed in the manner described above and rotated clockwise to the coupling or locking position corresponding to that shown in Figs. 3 and 5. The stop pin 98 is subsequently inserted so as to limit the return (counterclockwise) rotation of the cam member and the pull handle 30 to the 90 rotated vertical releasing or uncoupling position of Fig. 7.

It is apparent that, if desired, the stop pin 98 can be removed (or, instead, can be replaced by a shorter pin which will not project into the counterbore 48) in which case there is no longer any positive stop for the operating member in unlocking position. In such case, the pull handle'30 can be swung counterclockwise beyond the vertical position of Fig. 7, as described above in connection with the embodiment of Figs. 1-6.

In Fig. 8, there is shown another embodiment which generally resembles that of Figs. l-6, but incorporates a stop which can be used in place of the pin 98 of Fig. 7.

6. This'alterna'tive stopcompn'ses an inwardly directed annular stop shoulder 100 formed at the front end of the main bore 38 against which the forward freeend 60 of the operating member stem 56 abuts when the handle and the cam member are rotated degrees from the locking position (corresponding to that of Figs. 3 and 5) to the uncoupling or releasing position (corresponding to that of Fig. 4).

.As in the embodiment of Fig. 7, the cam member is installed before the stop shoulder is formed since once the shoulder 100'is formed the operating member and the cam member can no longer be placed into their installing positions corresponding to those shown in Fig. 6.

In other words, the operating. member and the cam member are first positioned as in'Fig. 6 for installation, after which the cam member is swung back degrees clockwise vto the position corresponding to .Fig. 3, in which the stem end 60 'is retracted within the bore 38, whereupon the shoulder 100 is formed by striking the front end of the bore 38 within appropriate conventional punch or die (not shown) which forms the annular shoulder 100 at a point which will stop the stem end 60 in the uncoupling or releasing position of the operating member and cam member.

In all embodiments of the present invention, the annular groove 58 is preferably made slightly oversize relative to the balls 24 to provide a little leeway as to the uncoupling or releasing position of the operating member and the cam member.

' It is apparent that, instead of employing two diametrically opposed ball openings 42 and a corresponding number of balls 24, it is possible to employ only a single opening and ball. Likewise, three or four or any other number of circumferentially distributed ball openings and balls can be used, if desired; all of the balls retracting into the annular groove of the operating member stem in the same manner as described hereinabove.

One great advantage of the present construction is that a single motion of the hand is all that is required to flip the operating member to unlocking position and thereafter to pull the locking pin free. In prior-art constructions, the pull handle is loose so that it is frequently difficult to find and grasp. Furthermore, in many priorart constructions, a mere pull on the handle does not free the locking pin and, instead, manual forward pressure of a thumb on the protruding end of the operating member is also necessary. This is extremely inconvenient and frequently causes blisters and cuts on the hand of the workman.

Moreover, the additional time required to operate the conventional constructions of the prior-art represents a marked disadvantage, especially in aircraft cockpit ejection systems, wherein a split second delay can often mean the difference between life and death.

The present invention can be embodied in other specific forms and, therefore, the foregoing embodiments are to be considered in all respects merely as illustrative and not restrictive, reference being made to the appended claims as indicating the scope of this invention.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and .desire to protect by Letters Patent the following:

1. In a quick-release coupling pin, an elongated body having an axial aperture formed therein and having at least one radial opening adjacent its forward end and communicating with the axial aperture and having an opening extending transversely .therethrough adjacent its rear ,end and intersecting the axial aperture, an elongated operating member axially movable within the aperture of the body, said member having a recessformed therein somewhat rearward of its forward end, a locking ball vor the like contained within the radial opening of the to force the ball radially outwardly to lockingposition wherein. it protrudes partially from. the body, a spring disposedwithin the. body and urging the operating member rearwardly relative tothe' body, said operating member having a transverse. opening formed: therein adjacent its: rear end, said transverse. opening being defined in part by a generally. transversely disposed earn-follower surface, a cam member extending transversely through the intersecting axial aperture: of. the body and the:transverse opening of the operating member, said cam member being rotatably mounted relative to the body and being substantially enclosed therewithin with only its ends exposed relative thereto, said cam member being generally cylindrical with flat circular end walls and with a notch formed by two spaced parallel plane walls extending. radially inward a distance: greater than the radius and less' thanthe. diameter of saidcam member and by a plane wall extending longitudinally intermediate the inner edges of the radial walls, the cam-follower surface of the operating member beingdisposed within the notch: andbeing. normally held by the spring in abutting relationship to the longitudinal plane wall of the notch, and. a. pull handle rigidly connected to the exposed ends of the cam member, said pull handle being. movable between a position generally perpendicular to the body and a position generally coplanar to' the body to rotate said cam. member between a locking position and an: unlocking. position,.initial rotation. of the cam member from the locking position causing: one longitudinal edge of'the longitudinal notch wall. to wipe across and displace the cam-follower: surface against spring pressure, subsequent rotation of, the cam. member causing the convex outer cylindrical surface of the cam member to wipe across and further displace'the cam-follower surface, opposite rotation of the cam member automatically permitting spring-actuated return movement of the: operatingmember to locking position.

2.. A- quick-release coupling pin in. accordance withclaim 1 in which each of the end walls-of the cam mem-- ber is diametrically grooved, and the pull handle is formed of somewhat resilient but form-retaining wire which isbent to provide opposed arm portions, said' arm portions being secured within the grooves in the end walls of the cam member.

3. A quick-release coupling pin in accordance with claim 1 in which each of the end Wallsof the cam member has a recess formed withinv its diametrical' groove, and the free ends of the arms of the pull handle are provided with inwardly directed fingers which extend intosaid recesses.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES Pip Pins Brochure, published by Aviation Developments Inc., September 1952.

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3052148A (en) * 1958-01-10 1962-09-04 Aerpat Ag Ball detent fastener with ball and socket plunger assembly
US3277767A (en) * 1964-08-03 1966-10-11 Monogram Ind Inc Quick release pin with rigidly attached handle
US4125048A (en) * 1977-09-09 1978-11-14 Hardin Russell W Hitch pin
US4655657A (en) * 1985-12-23 1987-04-07 John A. Duran Self-retaining positive locking bolt
US4986059A (en) * 1988-10-27 1991-01-22 Boutilier M Gaylord Ball journal device for connecting a shaft to a harness
US5000610A (en) * 1989-12-08 1991-03-19 Honeywell Inc. Stop pin apparatus
FR2699973A1 (en) * 1992-12-29 1994-07-01 Europ Sieges Automobiles Interlocking lock preferably automatically and its application including a removable vehicle seat.
US5598612A (en) * 1995-09-11 1997-02-04 Sheldon; Douglas R. Quick release bolt
US5697727A (en) * 1995-06-09 1997-12-16 Cesa-Compagnie Europeenne De Sieges Pour Automobiles Lock for fixing a seat of a motor vehicle to a floorpan of the vehicle
US6336613B1 (en) * 2000-01-21 2002-01-08 C.E.W. Lighting, Inc. Adjustable lighting reflector bracket
US20030122002A1 (en) * 2001-10-19 2003-07-03 Brant Monson Apparatus and method for retaining a mounting pin
US20070212195A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2007-09-13 Reinhard Smetz Lifting Bolt Comprising Safety Element
US20090096189A1 (en) * 2007-10-10 2009-04-16 M Group, Inc. Hitch
US20090214319A1 (en) * 2008-02-22 2009-08-27 Paul Bolleboom Fastening device and an unlocking and placement tool for such a fastening device
EP2274194A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2011-01-19 Kongsberg Automotive AS Suspension system for anti-roll bar
CN102829042A (en) * 2011-06-17 2012-12-19 达霆精密工业有限公司 Fast connecting module having active positioning mechanism
US20130127137A1 (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-05-23 Cequent Performance Products, Inc. Interchangeable hitch ball assembly
US20130279968A1 (en) * 2012-04-20 2013-10-24 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Mounting device for circuit board
US20140158836A1 (en) * 2012-12-12 2014-06-12 Cnh Canada, Ltd. Pivoting Hose Support System For Agricultural Implements
EP2863074A1 (en) * 2013-10-18 2015-04-22 LISI Aerospace Ball lock with lever
US20150360528A1 (en) * 2014-06-13 2015-12-17 B & W Custom Truck Beds, Inc. Hitch ball with locking bail
US20160114639A1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-04-28 Cequent Performance Products, Inc. Receiver pin locking device
US10293646B2 (en) 2014-06-13 2019-05-21 B & W Custom Truck Beds, Inc. Hitch ball with locking bail
US10369450B1 (en) 2017-10-06 2019-08-06 Christopher L. Palmer Pivoting pole vault cross bar pin

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US790905A (en) * 1904-02-23 1905-05-30 Robert H Laing Ticket-punch.
US2314208A (en) * 1942-05-08 1943-03-16 Gen Electric Shaft lock
CH310313A (en) * 1952-03-03 1955-10-15 Aviat Developments Limited Quick release fastening member.
US2724386A (en) * 1953-02-26 1955-11-22 Nat Blank Book Co Lock construction for loose leaf binder
FR66105E (en) * 1953-01-07 1956-05-16 A mounting and dismantling fast a bicycle wheel
US2786383A (en) * 1953-10-12 1957-03-26 D W Price Corp Cam operated ball detent clevis pin

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US790905A (en) * 1904-02-23 1905-05-30 Robert H Laing Ticket-punch.
US2314208A (en) * 1942-05-08 1943-03-16 Gen Electric Shaft lock
CH310313A (en) * 1952-03-03 1955-10-15 Aviat Developments Limited Quick release fastening member.
FR66105E (en) * 1953-01-07 1956-05-16 A mounting and dismantling fast a bicycle wheel
US2724386A (en) * 1953-02-26 1955-11-22 Nat Blank Book Co Lock construction for loose leaf binder
US2786383A (en) * 1953-10-12 1957-03-26 D W Price Corp Cam operated ball detent clevis pin

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3052148A (en) * 1958-01-10 1962-09-04 Aerpat Ag Ball detent fastener with ball and socket plunger assembly
US3277767A (en) * 1964-08-03 1966-10-11 Monogram Ind Inc Quick release pin with rigidly attached handle
US4125048A (en) * 1977-09-09 1978-11-14 Hardin Russell W Hitch pin
US4655657A (en) * 1985-12-23 1987-04-07 John A. Duran Self-retaining positive locking bolt
US4986059A (en) * 1988-10-27 1991-01-22 Boutilier M Gaylord Ball journal device for connecting a shaft to a harness
US5000610A (en) * 1989-12-08 1991-03-19 Honeywell Inc. Stop pin apparatus
FR2699973A1 (en) * 1992-12-29 1994-07-01 Europ Sieges Automobiles Interlocking lock preferably automatically and its application including a removable vehicle seat.
EP0605270A1 (en) * 1992-12-29 1994-07-06 Cesa Compagnie Europeenne De Sieges Pour Automobiles Latch for locking, preferably automatically, and application thereof, particularly for removeable vehicle seats
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