US28939A - Improvement in stills - Google Patents

Improvement in stills Download PDF

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US28939A
US28939A US28939DA US28939A US 28939 A US28939 A US 28939A US 28939D A US28939D A US 28939DA US 28939 A US28939 A US 28939A
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chamber
pipe
liquid
chambers
still
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D3/00Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
    • B01D3/001Processes specially adapted for distillation or rectification of fermented solutions

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  • the object of this arrangement is to divide the beer or high wines into different layers, each to be heated separately by steam passing from the bottom upward through the liquid, thereby effecting a more thorough and rapid distillation than by distributing the liquid in one body.
  • Each of the pipes K L extends some distance above the dividing -bottom, and terminates below this dividing-bottom near the bottom of the chamber below.
  • a series of perforated pipes, O (the perforations opening upward,) radiating from the end of upright tubes I G, are arranged upon the bottoms of chambers H and F.
  • the tubes I G are bent so that their other ends pass downward through the bottoms of their respective chambers. and F have also openings closed by valves S T.
  • the lower chamber, E has near its bottom two openings, one closed by a stop-cock, M, the other communicating with a steamgenerator by means of a pipe, I).
  • Apipe, 1? leads fromv chamber H into the doubler Q, which latter communicates with a condenser by means of a pipe, It.
  • the liquid to be distilled is forced through pipe 13 into heatingtub A, where it is heated by the steam entering through pipe 0.
  • the liquid passes from A through pipe J into the upper chamber, H of the still, where it rises to a level with the upper extremity of tube K, and then passes through tube K into the middle chamber, F. It fills this chamber to a level with the upper end of tube L, and flows then through tube L into the lower chamber, E.
  • the liquid while in the chambers of the still receives additional heat from the steam entering the lower chamber, E, through pipe I).
  • the steam after passing through the liquid in chamber E passes through pipe G into radiating-pipes O, and
  • the proof can be regulated to any desired percentage by decreasing or increasing the action of the pump forcing the liquid through pipe B into heater A, and thereby confining a given quantity'of liquid a longer or shorter time in the various chambers of the still.
  • valves S T are opened, so as to let the contents of chambers H F pass down into chamber E, wherefrom The chambers H they may be drawn off by opening stop-cock M. heater and doubler, in the manner and for the ⁇ Vhat We claim as our invention, and desire purpose set forth. to secure by Letters Patent, is

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Vaporization, Distillation, Condensation, Sublimation, And Cold Traps (AREA)

Description

GODFREY, BARNES, BLISH "8L SMITH.
Alcohol Still.
Patented June 26, 1860.
N. PEIERS. PhnlD-Lillwgnphcr. Wuhinglon. D. 1
UNTTED STATES PATENT Trice.
S. GODFREY, LOREh BARNES, HENRY BLISH, AND SOLOMON S.
NORTH FAIRFIELD, OHIO.
SMITH, or
SIMPROVEMENT IN STILLS.
T 0 all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that we, SOLOMON GODFREY, LOREN BARNES, HENRY BLISH, and SoLoMoN S. SMITH, of North Fairfield, in the county of Huron and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Stills for Running Beer and High Wines; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 represents a vertical, and Fig. 2 a horizontal, section of the apparatus.
Similar letters of reference in each of the several figures indicate corresponding parts.
The nature of our invention consists, first, in the combination of three or more chambers of a still with bent tubes, radiating perforated tubes, and straight tubes, when arranged in relation to each other, as will be set forth in the following specification.
It consists, second, in the combination of the same with the heater and doubler, as herein after specified.
The object of this arrangement is to divide the beer or high wines into different layers, each to be heated separately by steam passing from the bottom upward through the liquid, thereby effecting a more thorough and rapid distillation than by distributing the liquid in one body.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use our invention, we will proceed to describe its construction and operation.
The still, as represented in the drawings, is divided into three separate chambers, E F H. An additional heating-tub, A, connects with the upper chamber, H, by means of a tube, J. The chambers H and F and F and E are connected by pipes K L, respectively, each of 1 these pipes passing through the bottom, di-
viding one chamber from the next one. Each of the pipes K L extends some distance above the dividing -bottom, and terminates below this dividing-bottom near the bottom of the chamber below. A series of perforated pipes, O, (the perforations opening upward,) radiating from the end of upright tubes I G, are arranged upon the bottoms of chambers H and F. The tubes I G are bent so that their other ends pass downward through the bottoms of their respective chambers. and F have also openings closed by valves S T. The lower chamber, E, has near its bottom two openings, one closed by a stop-cock, M, the other communicating with a steamgenerator by means of a pipe, I). Apipe, 1?, leads fromv chamber H into the doubler Q, which latter communicates with a condenser by means of a pipe, It. The liquid to be distilled is forced through pipe 13 into heatingtub A, where it is heated by the steam entering through pipe 0. The liquid passes from A through pipe J into the upper chamber, H of the still, where it rises to a level with the upper extremity of tube K, and then passes through tube K into the middle chamber, F. It fills this chamber to a level with the upper end of tube L, and flows then through tube L into the lower chamber, E. The liquid while in the chambers of the still receives additional heat from the steam entering the lower chamber, E, through pipe I). The steam after passing through the liquid in chamber E passes through pipe G into radiating-pipes O, and
through their perforations and through the liquid in chamber F, and passes from this chamber F in a similar manner through pipe Iand perforated pipes 0 into and through the liquid in chamber H, and finds its way through pipe P into the doubler Q, and thence finally into the condenser. \Vhen during this process of distilling the lower chamber becomes nearly filled, the slop can be let off by opening stop-cock M, taking care to allow enough to remain in the chamber E to cover thelower end of tube L.
. It will be understood that the proof can be regulated to any desired percentage by decreasing or increasing the action of the pump forcing the liquid through pipe B into heater A, and thereby confining a given quantity'of liquid a longer or shorter time in the various chambers of the still.
lVh'en it is desired to discontinue the process or to clean the'still, the valves S T are opened, so as to let the contents of chambers H F pass down into chamber E, wherefrom The chambers H they may be drawn off by opening stop-cock M. heater and doubler, in the manner and for the \Vhat We claim as our invention, and desire purpose set forth. to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination of three or more chain SOLOMON GODFRLY' T )r T bers of a still with bent tubes I G, radiating LORM LARA perforated tubes 0, and straight tubes K L, when arranged in relation to each other, substantially in the manner and for the purposes XVitnesses: set forth. THOMAS MORRISON,
2. The combination of the above with the B. F. ROWLAND.
HENRY BLISH. SOLOB ION S. SMITH.
US28939D Improvement in stills Expired - Lifetime US28939A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4549023A (en) * 1980-09-18 1985-10-22 Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha 3-Aminoindazole derivatives
US7511136B2 (en) 2001-09-26 2009-03-31 Pfizer Italia S.R.L. Aminoindazole derivatives active as kinase inhibitors

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4549023A (en) * 1980-09-18 1985-10-22 Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha 3-Aminoindazole derivatives
US7511136B2 (en) 2001-09-26 2009-03-31 Pfizer Italia S.R.L. Aminoindazole derivatives active as kinase inhibitors

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