US2884054A - Curtain - Google Patents

Curtain Download PDF

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Publication number
US2884054A
US2884054A US690997A US69099757A US2884054A US 2884054 A US2884054 A US 2884054A US 690997 A US690997 A US 690997A US 69099757 A US69099757 A US 69099757A US 2884054 A US2884054 A US 2884054A
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Prior art keywords
channel
chains
balls
chain
ball
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US690997A
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Waldo G Bryant
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BEAD CHAIN Manufacturing Co
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BEAD CHAIN Manufacturing Co
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Priority to US690997A priority Critical patent/US2884054A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47HFURNISHINGS FOR WINDOWS OR DOORS
    • A47H23/00Curtains; Draperies
    • A47H23/02Shapes of curtains; Selection of particular materials for curtains
    • A47H23/04Shapes of curtains
    • A47H23/05Shapes of curtains of chain or chain mail; of free-hanging strips or lamellae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S16/00Miscellaneous hardware, e.g. bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance
    • Y10S16/11Fireplace screen
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/35Panel hangers, travelers and/or tracks

Description

w. G. BRYANT CURTAIN Filed oct. 18, 1957 April 2,8, 1959 ENTOR; @ya/7j wald@ United States Patent O CURTAIN Waldo G. Bryant, Fairfield, Conn., assignor to The Bead Chain Manufacturing Company, Bridgeport, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Application October 18, 1957, Serial No. 690,997

Claims. (Cl. 160-332) The present invention relates to a beaded screen or curtain and more particularly to such a curtain consisting of a plurality of lengths of ball and link chains.

The beaded curtain of the present invention is preferably utilized as a replace screen to serve as decoration and/or protection against ying sparks or embers though, of course, it -may be used as a screen for windows or doors if desired. The curtain according to the present invention is composed of a plurality of lengths of ball and link chain of the type having alternately connected balls and links by the ends of earch link being headed over and its associated balls being swaged around the ends of the' s' link. While such chains have heretofore been suggested for use in forming a curtain, difficulties in both costs and structures for mounting the chains so that they hang aligned and evenly spaced have hampered acceptance of the curtains.

An object of the present invent-ion is to provide in a beaded chain curtain of the above type for simple and economical structure for supporting the chains so that they depend downwardly in aligned and evenly spaced relation.

Another object of the present invention is to provide in a curtain of the above type for a chain hanging structure which permits the spacing between chains to be simply and easily altered and yet maintained equal.

A further object of the present invention is to provide novel and improved holders for maintaining the chains in spaced alignment with the holders being located at the bottom or intermediate the length of the chains.

In attaining the above objects, there is provided a plurality of lengths of ball and link chains and a hanger for the cha-ins. The chains have their top ends suspended in the hanger and are adapted, when in use, to hang vertically downwardly from the hanger in substantially the same vertical plane to form the curtain. While the curtain may have any desired plane shape with the lengths of the chains and the shape of the hanger determining the plane shape, in the specific embodiment hereinafter shown and described, the curtain is rectangular and hence the lengths of the chains are equal.

The hanger of the present invention is formed to have a substantially inverted U cross-sectionally shaped channel with a slot leading to the channel located on the bottom side of the hanger. The top end ball of each chain is positioned within the channel and would normally be freely movable in the channel. However, as in one embodiment of the invention, the end balls cannot move in the channel because the channel is substantially full of end balls whereby each end ball contacts its adjacent end ball. Accordingly the end balls not only serve to inherently space each chain equally from its adjacent chains but also serve to maintain the spacing. The end balls are contained within the channel by the slot being of less width than the diameter of the end balls.

In another embodiment of the invention wherein it is above, there is positioned in the channel between the end yand aligned with adjacent chains.

2,884,054 Patented Apr. 28, 1959 iCC balls of the chains, spacer elements which are similar to balls in the chains to maintain each chain spaced equally The spacer elements according to the specific form of the invention are balls similar to the balls in the chains and are freely movable along the channel except when maintained in position by contact with adjacent balls.

The above concepts are utilized not only in the hanger for the curtain but also in holders, such as bottom and intermediate holders, if such are desired to be employed, to prevent individual movement of the depending chains. Accordingly each of the holders is formed with a channel for receiving and holding end balls of the chain and spacer elements. These members may or may not be used depending solely on the desire of the user.

Other features and advantages will hereinafter appear.

In the drawing:

Figure l is an elevation of a bead curtain according to the present invention disposed in front of a fireplace.

Fig. 2 is .a longitudinal section of a length of the hanger.

Fig. 3 is a cross section of the hanger.

Fig. 4 is a somewhat enlarged view, partly in section, of a length-of the hanger with the chains spaced further apart than those of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section of a length of the intermediate holder.

Fig. 6 is a view taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is a longitudinal section of the bottom holder.

Referring to the drawing, there is shown in Fig. l a fireplace 10 having an opening 11. The opening is rectantangular and there is disposed in front of the opening a beaded curtain 12. The curtain 12 has the shape shown to screen only a portion of the entire opening 11 with the remaining portion of the opening being -uncovered by the curtain 12. The particular shape of the curtain may be varied as desired without departing from the scope of the present invention.

The curtain 12 includes a hanger 13 from which depend a plurality of lengths 14- of ball and link type chains. These chains are composed of alternately interconnected balls 15 and links 16 with the ends of the links being headed over and disposed within the ball and the ball is swaged from sheet metal stock thereabout.

The hanger 13 according to the present invention is formed with a channel which is substantially U-shaped in cross section and into which is freely received the top end ball of each chain. The channel communicates with a slot through which the link connecting the end ball and the next ball of each chain passes While the sides of the hanger defining the slot limit the width of the slot to less than the diameter of the end ball, thereby restraining the end ball in the channel.

As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the hanger comprises a one-piece length of sheet metal 17 bent to have the crosssectional shape shown. Thus the hanger has an upper surface 18 and a lower surface 19 with the lower surface having a rectangular groove 20 formed therein. While, of course, the one-piece member may be bent to form the channel and slot for holding the chains, according to the present invention, there is utilized a channel member 21 which is disposed Within the groove 20 of the hanger 13. This member 21 has a length substantially equal to the hanger and has a cross-sectional shape which is in the form of an inverted U with the free end portions 22 of the legs of the U being bent inwardly to define a slot 23 of less width than the diameter of the ball. The interior size of the channel is somewhat larger than the end balls so that the balls may be easily slipped thereinto and moved thereabout. However, it is less than the diameter of two balls to prevent any balls from shifting position after they have been placed in the channel. The ends of the channel member may be bent inwardly (not assauts@ shown) to close them after insertion of the balls to prevent the balls from coming out of the channel, it being understood that the balls normally are freely movable within the channel.

As shown in Fig. 2, the channel is substantially iilled with the end balls of a plurality ofvchains. Each end ball is substantially in contact with its adjacent end balls and hence movement of the balls is prevented. Thus by merely filling the channel with end balls it will be appreciated that the balls themselves inherently serve to space themselves equally in the channel by contact between each other and in addition the chains, which depend there from, stay spaced. Moreover by supporting the top end ball in the manner shown, each succeeding ball of the chain will be horizontally aligned if the hanger is hung horizontally.

In certain instances, the distance between adjacent chains may be desired to be greater than that shown in Fig. 2. This is easily accomplished, according to the present invention in which the same hanger is utilized, by merely alternately disposing between each end ball of adjacent chains, a spacer element 30. While the spacer element may have any shape which would accomplish its purpose, in the embodiment of the invention shown it consists of a free ball identical to the balls in the chains. While only one ball is shown positioned, it will befunderstood that more than one may be used depending on the spacing desired between each chain. In addition the spacing between chains in the same curtain may be varied simply by the addition or subtraction of the spacer elements. The channel of the hanger by being full of end balls and spacer elements, accordingly adjusts each chain to the spacing desired and serves to maintain each chain in spaced alignment in a manner similar to that shown and described with respect to the curtain illustrated in Fig. 2.

When only a top hanger is used in the curtain, each chain is capable of independently swinging or moving about its top ball with respect to the other chains even with its top ball contained. This in certain instances has not been found desirable and accordingly holders may be employed to maintain the chains from individual movement. Accordingly, as shown in Figs. l and 7, the bottom balls of some of the chains are secured within a bottom holder 24 which has the shape of the channel member illustrated in Fig. 3. It will, of course, be apparent that the chains are spaced in the same manner as the top hanger spaces the chains and that the ends of the holder (as at 25) are bent inwardly to close the ends of the channel. However, the channel member is of less depth in order to prevent the diameter of the balls of the chains and the spacer elements from being in different longitudinal axis. If desired an ornamental covering (not shown) may be fixed to the holder 24.

Similarly, an intermediate holder 26 may be utilized which has the cross-sectional shape shown in Fig. 6. This shape is substantially in the form of an H with the ends 27 of the legs of the H being bent inwardly to define a slot having less width than the diameter of the balls. In addition the top channel 28 of the holder has less depth than the bottom channel 29 for the same reasons advanced for the difference in depth between the bottom holder shown in Fig. 7 and channel member 21.

It will be appreciated that according to the present invention either the intermediate or bottom holder easily and simply permits the bottom or intermediate portions of the chains to be spaced the same distance between each other as their respective top end balls are and whenever the hanger is horizontal, to be in vertical alignment with their top end balls.

There has thus been disclosed a new and improved beaded curtain in which the lengths of chain forming the curtain may be quickly and easily connected to a hanger or to a holder with the assurance that the spacing between each chain will be the desired value and will be maintained constant. In addition the hangers and holders of the present invention may be utilized without change for dilerent spacing of the chains merely by the addition of spacer elements positioned between the end balls of the chains. The spacer elements as heretofore disclosed consist simply of free balls which are substantially identical to the balls of the chain.

Variations and modilcations may be made within the scope of the claims and portions of the improvements may be used without others.

I claim:

l. A beaded curtain comprising a plurality of aligned ball and link chains adapted to lie in substantially the same vertical plane and an elongate hanger for supporting the chains formed to provide a channel and a slot extending longitudinally of the hanger with the channel being larger than a ball of the chain and the slot having a width less than a ball of the chain, an end ball of each chain being positioned within the channel and being contained therein by the sides of the hanger forming the slot.

2. The invention as dened in claim 1 in which the chains are maintained in spaced relation by the end ball of each chain contained in the channel substantially contacting adjacent end balls.

3. The invention as dened in claim 1 in which spacer elements are positioned in the channel between at least some of the end balls of adjacent chains contained within the channel to thereby space each chain from its adjacent chains.

4. A beaded curtain comprising a plurality of aligned ball and link chains adapted to lie in substantially the same vertical plane; an elongate hanger for supporting the chains including a channel member formed to provide a channel and a slot extending longitudinally along the hanger with the channel being larger than a ball of the chain and the slot having a width less than the diameter of a ball of the chain, an end ball of each chain being positioned within the channel and being contained therein by the sides of the channel member forming the slot; and in which the hanger is formed to provide a lon` gitudinally extending groove into which the channel member is received.

5. A beaded curtain comprising a plurality of aligned ball and link chains some of which are of substantially equal length and adapted to lie in substantially the same vertical plane; an elongate hanger for supporting the chains formed to provide a channel and a slot extending longitudinally along the hanger with the channel being larger than the top ball of the chain and the slot having a width less than the diameter of the top balls of the chain, the top end ball of each chain being positioned within the channel and being contained therein by the sides of the hanger forming the slot; and a bottom holder formed to provide a channel and a slot having a width less than the diameter of the bottom end ball of the chain extending longitudinally along its upper side, the bottom end ball of each chain being positioned within the channel member and being contained therein by the sides of the holder forming the slot.

6. A beaded curtain comprising a plurality of aligned ball and link chains adapted to lie in substantially the same vertical plane; an elongate hanger for supporting the chains formed to provide a channel and a slot extending longitudinally along the hanger with the channel being larger than the top end balls of the chain and the slot having' a width less than the diameter of thev top end balls of the chain, a top end ball of each chain being positioned within the channel and being contained therein by the sides of the channel forming the slot; and an intermediate holder having a longitudinal channel and slot extending along its upper and lower surfaces, each of said chains being formed into two lengths with the adjacent end balls of the lengths being positioned in the proximate channels of the holder.

17. A beaded curtain comprising a plurality of aligned ball and link chains adapted to lie in substantially the same vertical plane; an elongate hanger for supporting the chains formed to provide a channel and a slot eX- tending longitudinally along the hanger with the channel being larger than the top end balls of the chain and the slot having a width less than the diameter of the top end balls of the chain, a top end ball of each chain being positioned within the channel and being contained therein by the sides of the channel forming the slot; an intermediate holder having a longitudinal channel and slot extending along its upper and lower surfaces, each of said chains being formed into two lengths with the adjacent end balls of the lengths being positioned in the corresponding slots of the intermediate holder; anda bottom holder formed to provide a channel and a slot having a width less than the diameter of the bottom end ball of the chain extending longitudinally along its upper side, the bottom end ball of each chain being positioned within the channel member and being contained therein by the sides of the holder forming the slot.

8. The invention as defined in claim 7 in which the chains are maintained in spaced relation by each ball of each chain contained in the channels substantially contacting adjacent balls.

9. The invention as defined in claim 7 in which spacer elements are positioned in each channel at least between some of the end balls of adjacent chains contained with the channels to thereby space each chain fro-m its adja cent chains.

10. The invention as defined in claim 9 in which the spacer elements are balls of the same shape as the balls in the chains.

References Cited in the ile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 609,236 Law Aug. 16, 1898 1,125,749 Smalley Jan. 19, 1915 20 1,634,312 Zecchino July 5, 1927

US690997A 1957-10-18 1957-10-18 Curtain Expired - Lifetime US2884054A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3012912A (en) * 1958-07-16 1961-12-12 American Cyanamid Co Non-fibrous regenerated cellulose film containing bis-amide polymer as anchor agent
US3368304A (en) * 1966-02-07 1968-02-13 Ball Murray Insect repelling vibratory screen
US3967129A (en) * 1975-04-28 1976-06-29 Research Corporation Radiation shielding curtain
US3977458A (en) * 1975-04-24 1976-08-31 Lee Loy Plastic Company Bead curtains
DE3502616A1 (en) * 1985-01-26 1986-07-31 Mhz Hachtel & Co Hanging device for decorative chains
US4878532A (en) * 1988-03-14 1989-11-07 John Strelnieks Flexible decorative interior screen
US5836114A (en) * 1994-06-21 1998-11-17 Ohba Building Maintenance Co., Ltd. Apparatus for inhibitively preventing birds from crowding
US6250359B1 (en) * 2000-06-06 2001-06-26 Eric W. Lorio Beaded chain for blinds
US6464619B1 (en) 2000-03-31 2002-10-15 Anthony Bondi Tactile play structure
US20060157207A1 (en) * 2005-01-14 2006-07-20 Schonbek Woldwide Lighting Inc. Methods and apparatus for displaying decorative ornament curtains
US20070218443A1 (en) * 2006-03-01 2007-09-20 Anthony Bondi Tactile structures
US20100107443A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-05-06 Nike Inc. Linked Articles
US20100107346A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-05-06 Nike, Inc. Method of Making an Article Comprising Links
US20140138038A1 (en) * 2012-11-19 2014-05-22 Intempora, Inc. Forming curtains

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US609236A (en) * 1898-08-16 Fireplace-screen
US1125749A (en) * 1910-02-21 1915-01-19 William W Smalley Curtain-pole.
US1634312A (en) * 1926-08-11 1927-07-05 Zecchino Michele Door or window screen

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US609236A (en) * 1898-08-16 Fireplace-screen
US1125749A (en) * 1910-02-21 1915-01-19 William W Smalley Curtain-pole.
US1634312A (en) * 1926-08-11 1927-07-05 Zecchino Michele Door or window screen

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3012912A (en) * 1958-07-16 1961-12-12 American Cyanamid Co Non-fibrous regenerated cellulose film containing bis-amide polymer as anchor agent
US3368304A (en) * 1966-02-07 1968-02-13 Ball Murray Insect repelling vibratory screen
US3977458A (en) * 1975-04-24 1976-08-31 Lee Loy Plastic Company Bead curtains
US3967129A (en) * 1975-04-28 1976-06-29 Research Corporation Radiation shielding curtain
DE3502616A1 (en) * 1985-01-26 1986-07-31 Mhz Hachtel & Co Hanging device for decorative chains
US4878532A (en) * 1988-03-14 1989-11-07 John Strelnieks Flexible decorative interior screen
US5836114A (en) * 1994-06-21 1998-11-17 Ohba Building Maintenance Co., Ltd. Apparatus for inhibitively preventing birds from crowding
US6464619B1 (en) 2000-03-31 2002-10-15 Anthony Bondi Tactile play structure
US6250359B1 (en) * 2000-06-06 2001-06-26 Eric W. Lorio Beaded chain for blinds
US20060157207A1 (en) * 2005-01-14 2006-07-20 Schonbek Woldwide Lighting Inc. Methods and apparatus for displaying decorative ornament curtains
US7225851B2 (en) * 2005-01-14 2007-06-05 Schonbek Worldwide Lighting Inc. Methods and apparatus for displaying decorative ornament curtains
US20070218443A1 (en) * 2006-03-01 2007-09-20 Anthony Bondi Tactile structures
US20100107443A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-05-06 Nike Inc. Linked Articles
US20100107346A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-05-06 Nike, Inc. Method of Making an Article Comprising Links
US8151488B2 (en) 2008-11-06 2012-04-10 Nike, Inc. Linked articles
US8601720B2 (en) 2008-11-06 2013-12-10 Nike, Inc. Linked articles
US8602274B2 (en) 2008-11-06 2013-12-10 Nike, Inc. Method of making an article comprising links
US8707493B2 (en) 2008-11-06 2014-04-29 Nike, Inc. Method of customizing a linked article
US9480295B2 (en) 2008-11-06 2016-11-01 Nike, Inc. Linked articles
US9585437B2 (en) 2008-11-06 2017-03-07 Nike, Inc. Method of making an article comprising links
US20140138038A1 (en) * 2012-11-19 2014-05-22 Intempora, Inc. Forming curtains

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