US2871632A - Rotative surfacing tool and tufted packs therefor and method of making such packs - Google Patents

Rotative surfacing tool and tufted packs therefor and method of making such packs Download PDF

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US2871632A
US2871632A US652166A US65216657A US2871632A US 2871632 A US2871632 A US 2871632A US 652166 A US652166 A US 652166A US 65216657 A US65216657 A US 65216657A US 2871632 A US2871632 A US 2871632A
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packs
sheets
abrasive
tool
wheel
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US652166A
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Alexander J Cosmos
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Alexander J Cosmos
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D13/00Wheels having flexibly-acting working parts, e.g. buffing wheels; Mountings therefor
    • B24D13/02Wheels having flexibly-acting working parts, e.g. buffing wheels; Mountings therefor acting by their periphery
    • B24D13/06Wheels having flexibly-acting working parts, e.g. buffing wheels; Mountings therefor acting by their periphery the flaps or strips being individually attached

Description

2,871,632- REFOR Q/exazza er If 6 0532 05 v BY W A. J. COSMQS NG TOOL AND TUFTED PACKS T Feb 3, 1959 ROTATIVE SURFACI Feb. 3, 1959 A. J. cosMos ROTATIVE SURFACING TOOL AND TUFTED PACKS THEREFOR AND METHOD OF MAKING SUCH PACKS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 11, 1,957
INVENTOR. U/exazzaer I] 65572205.
In M 854% United States Patent T ROTATIVE SURFACING TOOL AND TUFTED PACKS THEREFOR AND METHOD OF MAK- ING SUCH PACKS Alexander J. Cosmos, Chicago, Ill. Application April 11, 1957, Serial No. 652,166 9 Claims. (Cl. 51-1935) This invention relates to rotative surfacing tools wherein a rotatable wheel or drum is provided at intervals around the periphery thereof with outwardly projecting tuft like assemblies or packs of surfacing sheets, such for example as sheets of abrasive cloth or paper which are arranged in side by side relation, like the leaves of abook, and bound together at their corresponding edges in a manner to provide an enlarged welt or beading for securement of the assembly or pack in undercut grooves in the periphery or rim of the wheel or drum.
The invention also includes the construction of the in dividual assemblies or packs of surfacing sheets and a method of securing the sheets of the pack together with an enlarged edge formation by which the pack is secured to the wheel or drum.
These wheels or drums are rotated at high speed to perform the surfacing'function thereof and it is particularly important that the sheets thereof be anchored to the wheel or drum sufficiently securely to preclude accidental release thereof.
Also the surfacing sheets of such wheels or drums are worn down in use and it is important that they be readily replaceable to restore the tool to its required effectiveness.
Moreover such surfacing wheels or drums are usually employed in shops where it is necessary that they be available for constant or repeated use without delay and it is desirable that worn or damaged surfacing sheets may be quickly replaced whenever required.
Furthermore the surfacing operations of such wheels or drums oftentimes create fine particles or dust which is readily blown into the air and it is desirable to minimize the blower effect of the rotating sheets to avoid dissemination of the particles and dust into the surrounding atmosphere.
The principal objects of the invenion are to provide an improved rotary tool of the type having surfacing sheets projecting from the periphery thereof; to insure a secure attachment of the sheets which will preclude accidental release thereof; to permit convenient and quick replacement of the surfacing sheets; to provide a construction in which the sheets may be prepared in advance for interlocking with the wheel or drum, or formed with the interlocking facilities directly on the wheel or drum; to permit wheels of narrow width peripheral face to be employed individually or assembled in groups for continuous wide expanse of surfacing; and to minimize the blower effect of such wheels, these and other objects being accomplished as pointed out more particulary hereinafter and as shown in the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a rotary surfacing tool made in accordance with the invention, one of the side clamping members having been removed to show details of internal construction;
Fig. 2 is a cross sectional view taken substantially along line 22 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view illustrating one way in which packs of surfacing sheets may be formed with anchoring means for attachment to the body of the tool;
Fig. 4 is a view showing a mold that may be used in forming the packs of surfacing sheets;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating the way in which a surfacing tool may be made in an elongated drum-like form;
2,871,632 Patented Feb. 3, 1959 ICC.
Fig. 6 is a view illustrating another embodiment of the invention wherein surfacing packs are alternately arranged in an overlapping relationship;
Fig. 7 is a cross sectional view taken substantially along line 77 of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view showing another embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 9 is a perspective view illustrating an alternative surfacing pack construction, and
Fig. 10 is a cross sectional view of the pack of Fig. 9.
For purposes of disclosure the invention is illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 as a single unit assembly 10 comprising a body 12 of wheel or pulley-like form having a relatively thick peripheral rim 12R with a plurality of packs 11 of abrasive surfaced sheets anchored in spaced relation about the rim 12R and projecting outwardly therefrom.
This tool, comprising the body 12 and tufts 11, is adapted to be rotated to perform the surfacing function and for this purpose the body 12 has a central mounting hub 12H which is connected to the rim 12R by a web 12W and adapted to engage on a rotatable shaft for rotation therewith.
t may, for example, be mounted on the shaft of a conventional grinder, as shown in Fig. 2, in which the end portion of such shaft is shown at 14 and provided as customary with a shoulder 14S and reduced tool receiving portion 14R which is threaded at the outer end to accommodate a nut 14N by which the surfacing tool in is clamped thereon in conventional manner.
The rim 12R of the wheel has a plurality of equally spaced undercut slots 15 formed therein and extended parallel to the wheel axis, and such slots, as shown particularly in Figs. 1 and 2, have a narrow neck opening 15N inwardly of which the undercut portion 15U is provided which is generally circular in form. The several packs 11 of abrasive material are anchored on the Wheel 12 by means of an enlarged anchoring head or bead 16 formed along the inner end edge thereof so as to be complemental to the undercut slot portion 15U, and the packs 11 are of such thickness that they will extend relatively snugly through the narrow neck 15N of the undercut slot 15U. The particular way in which the packs 11 and the anchoring ribs 16 are formed will be described in detail hereinafter.
After abrasive packs 11 have been inserted into all of the undercut slots 15, these packs are held in position endwise of the slots 15 by clamping means applied to opposite sides or ends of the wheel 12. Such clamping means as herein shown are provided by a pair of end plates 18 that may be secured against opposite ends of the wheel and in a desired manner, and under the present invention the end plates 18 are also utilized to hold a pair of somewhat larger discs 20 in position so that these discs extend outwardly to points located relatively close to the outer ends of the abrasive packs 11 as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The discs thus serve to cover substantial radial portions of the abrasive packs 11 at opposite sides of the wheel 12 and this serves to materially reduce the amount of blowing or induced air movement which would otherwise occur in the use of the abrasive tool. These discs 20 are made from cardboard or other relatively soft material so that inadvertent contact of the discs 20 with the work will not cause damage to the work.
The abrasive packs 11 are made up from a plurality of abrasive sheets 118 such as sand paper or emery cloth having such flexibility that it bends rearwardly in the reverse direction of rotation as it is engaged against the work and thus adjusts itself to the surface thereof, and
surfacing these sheets are disposed in a face-to-face relation and are joined together only along the inner edges thereof where they become a part of the mounting or anchoring bead 16.
The abrasive surfaces of the sheets 118 are preferably arranged so that the abrasive coated surfaces thereof are all faced in the same direction although they may be arranged if desired so that some of the sheets face in one direction and others face in the opposite direction.
Under the present invention, the anchoring bead 1-5 is formed in such a way that the individual sheets 113 are held firmly in place by reason of the way in which these sheets are associated with the anchoring bead 16. Preferably in preparing a pack 11 of abrasive sheets, the sheets 118 have glue applied to each thereof in the border portions thereof where the bead 16 is to be formed, and the enlarged cross sectional form of the head is attained by inserting the thus glued ends into a cavity of the form of the wheel 15 and driving a center pin 22 between the thus inserted ends of sheets 118 so that the pin is located about midway between opposite faces of the pack 11 as indicated particularly in Fig. 2 of the drawings. The center pin 22 thus expands or enlarges the base or inner end portion of the pack 11 to conform to the groove shape and form the anchoring bead 16, as will be described in further detail hereinafter.
The formation of the anchoring bead or rib 16 on the inner edge of the pack 11 may, if desired, be performed by the user in the manner that is generally iilu trated in Fig. 2 of the drawings. Thus, after dipping the inner ends of the sheets 118 in an adhesive such as animal glue, these ends maybe inserted into one of the undercut slots 15U as shown in respect to the central slot 15 that is illustrated in Fig. 2. Then, while holding the sheets of the pack in position in slot 15, a center pin 22 may be driven endwise into the pack at about the center of the undercut 15U of the slot 15 This causes the sheets 118 on opposite sides of the pin 22 to be bent to a curved or arcuate form about opposite sides of the pin 22, and the portions of the sheets 118 that are thus bent and separated by the pin 22 assume a form that defines a head or rib 16 that is substantially complemental to the undercut groove 15. The excess glue in such forming operation tends to collect beneath the inner ends of the sheets 118,. as indicated at 166 in Fig. 3, thus to fill out the lower surfaces of the rib 16 to a form that is complemental to the slot 15.
1 After the glue has dried, such glue and the arcuately bent portions of the sheets 11S become a solid or integral mass, and if an effort. is made to withdraw one of the sheets 118 in an edgewise relation outwardly from its anchored position, this withdrawing movement is not only resisted by the glued connection with the other elements of the rib 16, but also by the physical form of the pertions of the sheet that form part of the rib 16. In other words, the end portions of the sheet 115 are mechanically I interlocked one with the other, due to the bent formation thereof, and hence the sheets 118 are permanently anchored as parts of the rib 16. Thus the packs are incorporated in place in the wheel slots ready for use therein and replacements may be made in like manner.
The abrasive packs may, of course, be made and sold for use by the purchaser of the tool, and such packs may be made through the use of a sectional mold 25, Pig. 4, that has an undercut slot 115 therein of the same size and proportion as the slots 15 of the wheel 12. The same assembly and molding procedure is used with the mold 25 as was hereinbefore described in respect to the forming of the packs in place on the wheel.
The packs 11 as. hereinbefore described have been of a width. corresponding to the width of the wheel 12 but such packs may, of course, be made. and sold in long lengths so that they maybe cut to the desired size by the user. Moreover, such long packs may be utilized in making larger abrasive tools as for example in the manner illustrated in Fig. of the drawings where a plurality of mounting wheels 12 are illustrated with the rims 12S thereof in edge to edge engagement and with the undercut slots 15 thereof aligned with each other. Thus, elongated packs 111 may be extended through the aligned slots of all of such wheels, and thus an abrasive tool that is drum-like in character may be produced.
Under the present invention, other forms of drum-like abrasive too-ls may be produced as for example, the drumlike abrasive tool of Fig. 6. In this abrasive tool 119, a plurality of mounting wheels 12 are arranged in an edge to edge relationship, but the slots 15 are offset one from the other so that the slots of any one of the wheels 12 are offset with respect to the slots of the next adjacent wheel in an amount equal to one-half the lateral space or distance between the adjacent slots. With this angularly offset relationship of the slots 15, a modified form of abrasive pack is used so that there is an overlapp ng relationship at the adjacent edges of the packs carried by adjacent wheels 12. At the ends of the drum-like tool 110, disc members and end plates 118 are employed as in the tool 14} hereinbefore described. As shown in Figs. 6 and 7, the left-hand one of the wheels 12 utilizes packs 11 of the same size and form as the packs hereinbefore described, but in all of the mounting wheels 12, a modified form of pack 111 is utilized, such modified packs 111 being of the same basic form and having the same type of anchoring means, but with the left-hand edges of such packs being provided with laterally extend ing tabs 111T that project laterally to the left into the spaces between the packs of the mounting wheel located just to the left in the tool. With this arrangement, all of the packs 11 and 111 that are utilized in making up the tool 111 may be flexed independently, and yet there is an overlapping relationship at the adjacent edges thereof so that a uniform abrasive action will be attained throughout the length of the tool 110.
In Figs. 6 to 7, the desired overlapping relationship of the adjacent packs is attained through the provision of tabs 1111, but overlapping relationship may also be attained in a somewhat different manner as illustrated in a modified form of abrasive drum 210 that is shown in Fig. 8 of the drawings. Thus, as shown in Fig. 8, a plurality of mounting wheels 12 are arranged on a common axis and in a slightly spaced relationship by means of spacer washers 27. These mounting wheels 12 are arranged with the slots thereof offset circumferentially, as hereinbefore described in respect to the abrasive drum 110, and with this relationship of the sveral mounting wheels 12, an overlapping relationship of the abrasive elements is afforded by employing abrasive elements 211 that are of a length somewhat greater than the width of the rims of the mounting wheels 12. Thus, as herein shown, the enlarged packs 211 have a length such that each pack 211 will extend across both of the spaces on opposite sides of its mounting wheel 12 and nearly to the rim 12R of the adjacent mounting wheel. In other words, the length of the abrasive packs 211 as to all of the intermediate mounting wheels 12 is equal to the width of the rim of the mounting wheel plus approximately twice the width of the spaces between adjacent mounting wheels. As to the end mounting wheels 12, of course, the packs will have a length equal to the width of the mounting Wheel 12 plus the width of only one of the spaces between the wheels. Such an arrangement provides for an overlapping of the abrasive packs 211 which aifords a continuous abrading action through thelength of the abrasive drum 210, and yet the abrasive packs 11 may be individually flexed as may be required.
While the packs as abovedescribed and enlarged at the mounting end thereof by a pin 22 are preferred, satisfactory packs may be otherwise provided.
For example, as shownin Figs. 9 and 10 the packs may be formed with a molded bead 316 thereon with the inner edges of the sheets of the pack in compact side by side relation and conjointly embedded in the material of the molded bead 316. In this form the bead or rib 316 is preferably of a resilient plastic material, such for example as rubber, which is formed in a mold to the exterior shape to engage snugly in the groove of the wheel on which it is to be mounted, the resilient form of the bead or rib 316 being advantageous as the centrifugal force of the wheel when rapidly rotated in the use thereof, presses the bead 316 against the convergent Walls of the groove at the grove entrance and tends to increase the gripping effect thereof on the opposite sides of the embedded ends of the sheets of the pack 311.
The inner ends of the sheets of the pack 311 may be dipped in rubber cement before embedding thereof in the composition which forms the bead 316 and the entire rubber portion cured or vulcanized to acquire a per-.
manent set or the inner ends of the sheets of the pack may be fastened together, as for example by staples 329 before the embedding thereof in the rubber compound which forms the head or rib 316.
The grooves may be provided in any convenient manner but I have found that it is preferable to provide the body or wheel 12 with an initial outside diameter somewhat greater than the final outside diameter thereof, as for example with an initial outside diameter such as indicated by the dotted line at 12D in Fig. 1, and then drill holes through the wheel rim at the places where the grooves are to be located and after the holes are thus drilled, the periphery of the body or wheel 12 may be faced off to a depth to provide the desired narrow entrance at the outer side of each bored opening and thus produce the groves 15, and of course the opposite edges of each entrance may then be rounded and thereby dulled to avoid any possible cutting effect against the opposite vides an abrasive tool that may be made up into drum-' like form and may have overlapped abrasive packs capable of being independently flexed in the use of the tool.
Thus while I have illustrated and described preferred embodiments of my invention it is to be understood that changes and variations may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the appending claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In an abrasive pack for use in a rotative abrasive tool, a plurality of abrasive sheets arranged in face to face relation in a stack with the border portions of said sheets along corresponding inner edges thereof adhesively secured together and arcuately bent from the planes of their respective sheets to form two opposed oppositely bowed groups of border portions, and means located between said opposed groups of border portions and adhesively held in such location to maintain the same in their arcuate form and resist endwise withdrawal of any one of the sheets. 1
2. In an abrasive pack for mounting in undercut grooves of a mounting member, a plurality of abrasive sheets arranged in a stack and having the border portions of said sheets along corresponding terminal edges thereof glued together and formed into a mounting rib complemental to the undercut grooves in which the pack is to be mounted, said border portions of said sheets being bent within said rib into positions wherein they project out of the plane of the other portions of the respective-sheets, and said rib embodying means to physically maintain said bent portions of said sheets in their bent relationship.
3. In an abrasive pack for mounting in undercut grooves of an abrasive wheel, a plurality of abrasive sheets arranged in a stack and having the border portions of said sheets along corresponding terminal edges thereof glued together and formed into an enlarged mounting rib complemental to the undercut grooves in which the pack is to be mounted, said border portions of said sheets along said corresponding terminal edges thereof being bent Within said rib into positions wherein they project out of the plane of the other portions of the respective sheets, and a spreader member extending longitudinally through said rib to maintain said bent end portions of said sheets in their bent relationship.
4. In an abrasive pack for use in an abrasive tool, a plurality of abrasive sheets arranged in face to face relation and having an anchoring rib formed along one edge of the pack, and said pack having a laterally extended tab portion along one edge spaced from said rib.
5. In a rotative abrasive tool, a plurality of similar mounting wheels having longitudinally extended undercut grooves formed in the peripheries thereof in circumferentially spaced relation, said wheels being mounted in axially spaced alignment but with the grooves of adjacent wheels in a staggered relation, and abrasive packs having anchoring ribs complemental to and disposed in said grooves and with the packs extended across the spaces between adjacent wheels.
6. In a rotative abrasive tool, a plurality of similar mounting wheels having longitudinally extended undercut grooves formed in the peripheries thereof in circumferentially spaced relation, said Wheels being mounted in alignment but with the grooves of adjacent wheels in a staggered relation, and abrasive packs having anchoring ribs complemental to and disposed in said grooves at least certain of said packs being extended into the spaces between endplanes of the adjacent wheels to, overlap portions of the packs of adjoining wheels and provide for continuous abrading action throughout the length of the.
alignment but with the grooves of adjacent wheels in a staggered relation, and abrasive packs having anchoring ribs complementalto and disposed in said grooves with the packs of adjacent wheels in an overlapped relation.
8. In a rotative abrasive-tool, a rotatable support having a cylindrical outer surface and having longitudinally extended undercut grooves formed in said surface in circumferentially spaced relation, abrasive packs having anchoring ribs complemental to and disposed in said grooves, discs of relatively soft material disposed on opposite sides respectively of said support and having outer circumferential portions beyond the periphery of the support and embracing the major portions of the exposed lengths of said packs therebetween to reduce the blowing action of the tool in use, and means holding said discsin place.
9. In a rotative abrasive tool, supporting wheel means having longitudinally extended undercut grooves formed in the periphery thereof in circumferentially spaced relation, abrasive packs having anchoring ribs complemental to and disposed in said grooves, and discs of relatively soft material disposed on opposite sides of said Wheel means and extended outwardly beyond the periphery of the wheel means for a substantial distance along said packs toward the outer end edges thereof to reduce the blowing action of the tool in use.
References Gited inthe file of thispatent UNITED STATES PATENTS Nordgren et al. July 15, 1947
US652166A 1957-04-11 1957-04-11 Rotative surfacing tool and tufted packs therefor and method of making such packs Expired - Lifetime US2871632A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3058269A (en) * 1960-01-26 1962-10-16 Merit Products Inc Surface finishing drum
US3191350A (en) * 1963-01-08 1965-06-29 Schaffner Mfg Company Inc Polishing apparatus
US3212219A (en) * 1962-01-17 1965-10-19 Merit Products Inc Method of fabricating abrasive leaves
US3237348A (en) * 1962-07-25 1966-03-01 Merit Products Inc Abrasive apparatus
US3533198A (en) * 1968-02-19 1970-10-13 Merit Abrasive Prod Abrasive drum construction
US3548551A (en) * 1967-06-02 1970-12-22 Merit Abrasive Prod Flap-type abrasive wheel
US3711261A (en) * 1971-04-09 1973-01-16 Merit Abrasive Prod Inc Rotary abrasive device
US3747285A (en) * 1969-01-27 1973-07-24 Merit Abrasive Prod Inc Rotary abrasive device
US3807099A (en) * 1972-05-15 1974-04-30 Belanger Inc Rotary finishing wheel or tool
DE2501589A1 (en) * 1974-01-14 1975-07-17 Knud Harald Kofoed Hand tool rotary polisher - holds radially extending packs of polishing paper around dished central hub
US4133146A (en) * 1977-06-22 1979-01-09 Cola Charles R De Rotary abrasive tool
US4183183A (en) * 1978-03-22 1980-01-15 Belanger, Inc. Pack unit and mounting means therefor
US4907378A (en) * 1988-11-14 1990-03-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Flap wheel assembly
US5016311A (en) * 1988-04-27 1991-05-21 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Apparatus and brush segment arrangement for finishing wheel brushes; and method
US5083840A (en) * 1988-04-27 1992-01-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of preparing an industrial cylinder brush arrangement for operation
US5233719A (en) * 1988-04-27 1993-08-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Apparatus and brush segment arrangement for finishing wheel brushes
EP0700753A1 (en) * 1994-09-09 1996-03-13 Rüggeberg, August Flap sanding wheel
US20060014482A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-01-19 Belanger Industrial Products, In. Rotary finishing device
US20070010183A1 (en) * 2003-05-22 2007-01-11 Nina Himmer Brush module for a grinding brush

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US299311A (en) * 1884-05-27 Polishinq-wheel
US991876A (en) * 1905-12-04 1911-05-09 Stephen D Murray Cotton-gin.
US1475074A (en) * 1922-02-23 1923-11-20 Mclaughlin Mark Revolving brush
US1535628A (en) * 1924-03-07 1925-04-28 John J Peterson Brush
US2423992A (en) * 1946-04-03 1947-07-15 Elmer E Nordgren Rotary buffing tool

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US299311A (en) * 1884-05-27 Polishinq-wheel
US991876A (en) * 1905-12-04 1911-05-09 Stephen D Murray Cotton-gin.
US1475074A (en) * 1922-02-23 1923-11-20 Mclaughlin Mark Revolving brush
US1535628A (en) * 1924-03-07 1925-04-28 John J Peterson Brush
US2423992A (en) * 1946-04-03 1947-07-15 Elmer E Nordgren Rotary buffing tool

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3058269A (en) * 1960-01-26 1962-10-16 Merit Products Inc Surface finishing drum
US3212219A (en) * 1962-01-17 1965-10-19 Merit Products Inc Method of fabricating abrasive leaves
US3237348A (en) * 1962-07-25 1966-03-01 Merit Products Inc Abrasive apparatus
US3191350A (en) * 1963-01-08 1965-06-29 Schaffner Mfg Company Inc Polishing apparatus
US3548551A (en) * 1967-06-02 1970-12-22 Merit Abrasive Prod Flap-type abrasive wheel
US3533198A (en) * 1968-02-19 1970-10-13 Merit Abrasive Prod Abrasive drum construction
US3747285A (en) * 1969-01-27 1973-07-24 Merit Abrasive Prod Inc Rotary abrasive device
US3711261A (en) * 1971-04-09 1973-01-16 Merit Abrasive Prod Inc Rotary abrasive device
US3807099A (en) * 1972-05-15 1974-04-30 Belanger Inc Rotary finishing wheel or tool
DE2501589A1 (en) * 1974-01-14 1975-07-17 Knud Harald Kofoed Hand tool rotary polisher - holds radially extending packs of polishing paper around dished central hub
US4133146A (en) * 1977-06-22 1979-01-09 Cola Charles R De Rotary abrasive tool
US4183183A (en) * 1978-03-22 1980-01-15 Belanger, Inc. Pack unit and mounting means therefor
US5016311A (en) * 1988-04-27 1991-05-21 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Apparatus and brush segment arrangement for finishing wheel brushes; and method
US5083840A (en) * 1988-04-27 1992-01-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of preparing an industrial cylinder brush arrangement for operation
US5233719A (en) * 1988-04-27 1993-08-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Apparatus and brush segment arrangement for finishing wheel brushes
US4907378A (en) * 1988-11-14 1990-03-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Flap wheel assembly
EP0700753A1 (en) * 1994-09-09 1996-03-13 Rüggeberg, August Flap sanding wheel
US5649857A (en) * 1994-09-09 1997-07-22 August Ruggeberg Abrasive wheel
AU685308B2 (en) * 1994-09-09 1998-01-15 August Ruggeberg Gmbh & Co. Abrasive wheel
US20070010183A1 (en) * 2003-05-22 2007-01-11 Nina Himmer Brush module for a grinding brush
US20060014482A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-01-19 Belanger Industrial Products, In. Rotary finishing device

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