US2864356A - Ignition distributors - Google Patents

Ignition distributors Download PDF

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Publication number
US2864356A
US2864356A US703935A US70393557A US2864356A US 2864356 A US2864356 A US 2864356A US 703935 A US703935 A US 703935A US 70393557 A US70393557 A US 70393557A US 2864356 A US2864356 A US 2864356A
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Prior art keywords
vacuum
spark
valve
vehicle
engine
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US703935A
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Stanley M Udale
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Holley Carburetor Co
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Holley Carburetor Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02PIGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES
    • F02P5/00Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor
    • F02P5/04Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor automatically, as a function of the working conditions of the engine or vehicle or of the atmospheric conditions
    • F02P5/05Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor automatically, as a function of the working conditions of the engine or vehicle or of the atmospheric conditions using mechanical means
    • F02P5/10Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor automatically, as a function of the working conditions of the engine or vehicle or of the atmospheric conditions using mechanical means dependent on fluid pressure in engine, e.g. combustion-air pressure
    • F02P5/103Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor automatically, as a function of the working conditions of the engine or vehicle or of the atmospheric conditions using mechanical means dependent on fluid pressure in engine, e.g. combustion-air pressure dependent on the combustion-air pressure in engine

Description

Dec. 16, 1958 M, UDAL 2,864,356
IGNITION DISTRIBUTORS Filed Dec. 19, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 F l I MM & J
INVENTOR. STANLEY M. LJDALE ATTORNEYS Dec. 16, 1958 s UDALE 2,864,356
IGNITION DISTRIBUTQRS Filed D60. 19, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. STAN LEY M- UDALE 2,864,356 IGNITION DISTRIBUTORS Stanley M. Udale, Detroit, Mich.,v assignor to Holley Carburetor Company, Van Dyke, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Application December 19, 1957, Serial No. 703,935 19 Claims. (Cl. 123-117) The present invention relates generally to ignition distributors, and more specifically to the type referred to as pressure actuated distributors, which actually employ vacuum as the actuating force or the controllable actuating force to advance or retard the spark.
As the speed of the vehicle increases, the degree of spark advance also increases to some predetermined maximum. If it is desired to accelerate While cruising at a substantial speed, it becomes advantageous to be able to retard the spark in order to have it fire as close to top dead center of the stroke of the piston as possible.
A similar condition exists when the automobile is climbing a hill.
Present distributors fail to provide any means for retarding the spark under such conditions. It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide means for-retarding the spark when the automobile undergoes acceleration or when the automobile is in an-inclined position as a result of being located on a positive grade.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide automatic means which will eliminate the undesirable knock when the engine is placed under a heavy load. e
Other objects and features of the invention will become apparent as the description proceeds, especially when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, illustrating preferred embodiments of the invention, wherein:
Figure 1 is an elevational view of structure embodying the present invention, sectioned substantially through the center. I
Figures 2, 3 and 4 are fragmentary sections of modifications of the invention.
The present invention is illustrated and described as associated in an automotive vehicle with an internal combustion engine provided with a conventional carburetor directing fuel flow to the engine manifold. It will of course be appreciated that the invention may be practiced in connection with engines other than those supplied with fuel through a carburetor such for example as engines having fuel injection.
In the illustrated embodiment of the invention however, a carburetor is indicated generally at being substantially comprised of a body 12, a choke valve 14, venturi 16, air intake passage 18, and throttle plate 20. The carburetor is shown mounted on a suitable intake manifold 22. In the preferred embodiment of the invention the body 12 of the carburetor is provided with a laterally extending boss 24 containing operating parts of the device.
Located within the throat of the venturi 16 is a re stricted port 26 leading to an enlarged chamber 28. A short passage 30 is provided in the boss 24 having a port 31 located in the induction passage 18 at a point directly above an edge of the throttle plate 20 and in position to be traversed by the edge of the throttle plate when the throttle is moved from closed toward open position. The short passage 30 and the chamber 28 are in constant communication by a conduit 32.
Located in the boss 24 outwardly from the chamber 28 is an enlarged chamber 34 the outer end of which is closed by a plug 36 having a port 38 therein venting the chamber 34 to atmosphere. Located Within the enlarged tates Patent O 1 2,864,356 Patented Dec. 16, 1958 chamber 34 is a ball 40 having clearance with respect to the sides of the chamber 34. A compression spring 42 having one end seated within the smaller chamber 28 and the other endengaging the ball biases the ball against the plug 36 and in seating relation on the port 38.
A conduit 44 leads from the passage 32 to the chamber 46 of a vacuum actuated motor indicated generally at 48. This assembly comprises housing portions 50 and 52 between the edges of which is clamped a flexible diaphragm 54. A spring 56 is placed within the chamber 46 in such a manner as to-bias the diaphragm 54 downwardly with the parts in the position shown in Figure l. The chamber 58 formed between the diaphragm 54 and the housing portion 52 is vented to atmosphere as indicated at 60. A rod 62 has one end secured to the diaphragm 54 and its lower end extends through and is guided in an opening 63 provided in the housing portion 52. The opposite end of the rod 62 is pivotally connected to an angularly adjustable breaker plate 64 as indicated at 65. The breaker plate is of the type generally found in conventional ignition distributors and is associated with a cam 66 which is rotatable by the engine. Mounted on the breaker plate 64 is the usual breaker arm 68 which is pivoted thereto as indicated at 69 and which carries one of the pair of contacts 70 adapted to be opened and closed by camming of the breaker arm by the cam 66. The other of the contacts 70 is of course carriedby the breaker plate 64.
Operation With the parts in the positionillustrated in Figure 1 the throttle plate 20 is completely closed, the choke valve is fully open, and the engine may be assumed to be operating under curb idle conditions. At this time the restricted port 26 in the venturi and the port 31 are both exposed to a pressure not substantially below atmospheric and accordingly, relatively high pressure approaching atmospheric exists within the chamber 46. The rod 62 is accordingly in its furthest downward position and the breaker plate 64 is in its position of furthest clockwise angular adjustment. The cam 66 is rotating in clockwise direction.
As the throttle plate 20 is opened, the port 31 is transferred to the downstream side of the throttle plate 20 and is accordingly subjected to manifold vacuum which at this time is relatively high. On the other hand, the vacuum existing in the throat of the venturi is relatively low so' that air is bled through the restricted port 26 to the chamber 28, thus producing a resultant vacuum somewhat less than manifold vacuum which is applied through the conduit 44 to the motor 48. This reduces the pressure existing in the chamber 46 and results in upward movement of the diaphragm 54, counterclockwise rotation of the breaker plate 64, and a corresponding spark advance. As the engine speed increases the air flow through the venturi increases with a resultant increase in venturi suction. This reduces the bleed action of the port 26 and accordingly a higher vacuum is applied to the chamber 46 with further upward movement of the diaphragm and further counterclockwise rotation of the breaker plate 64, thus further advancing the spark.
Assume now that the automobile is cruising at a substantial speed and that it starts to undergo acceleration. At the instant that acceleration is started the mass of the ball 40 with its resulting inertia causes the ball to move away from the port 38 against the action of the spring 42, thereby admitting air at atmospheric pressure into the chamber 34. Since the ball has appreciable clearance within the chamber, this atmospheric air is admitted to the chamber 28 and thus reduces the vacuum determined by the values existing within the venturi and to manifold. Accordingly, the vacuum applied to the motor 43 is correspondingly reduced, thereby causing the breaker plate to be rotated clockwise by virtue of the spring 56. Clockwise rotation of the breaker plate 64 tends to retard the spark'so that detonation will take place closertoor at the top dead center of the engine piston stroke.
It willof course be-app'arent that theball 40 remains unseated onlyduring actualacceleration.
Modified constructions- In Figures 2-4 there are illustrated modifications relating to the atmosphere bleed valve'construction which in Figure 1 comprises the ball valve 40 and valve port 38.
Referring first to Figure 2 whereinparts identical with those shown in Figure lbearthe same reference numerals, the reduced chamber 2 8 which communicates with the throat of the venturi 16 through the restricted port 26 is in this instance in communication with an enlarged chamber 72 the outer end of which is closed. The cham ber 72 is preferably of cylindrical shape and has a restricted passage 74 communicating with a side of the chamber 72 and extending to atmosphere. Slidably mounted within the chamber 72 is an elongated cylindrical valve 76 having an axial passage 77 extending completely therethrough. The valve 76 is normally maintained in the closed position illustrated in the figure by a cornpression spring 78.
With the parts in the position shown the chamber 72 to the left of'the valve 76 is in communication with the reduced chamber 28 where the existing value of vacuum is determined'by the vacuum prevailing at the venturi port 26 and the manifold vacuum port'38, shown in Figure 1. Upon acceleration of the vehicle to the right as seen in Figure 2, inertia tends to cause relative movement between the valve 76 and the chamber 72 such that the valve 76 moves to the left as seen in the figure, uncovering the inner end of the atmospheric passage 74. Atmospheric pressure is then transmitted through the passage 77 and chamber 72 where its bleed action reduces the value of the vacuum transmitted through the passages 32 and 44 to the distributor adjusting motor 48. Inthis embodiment of the invention it will be observed that the valve 76 is a balance valve so far as the fluid pressure is concerned.
Referring now to Figure 3, parts identical with those shown in Figure l are again supplied with identical reference numerals and will not be described again. In this embodiment of the invention there is provided an enlarged chamber 80 having at one end thereof a reduced extension 82. Movable longitudinally in the enlarged chamber 80 is valve member 84 having an enlarged portion 86 and a reduced portion 88. Extending longitudinally from end to end through the valve member 84 is an elongated passage 96 A passage 92 leads from the venturi port 26 to the portion of the enlarged chamber 80 surrounding the reduced portion 88 of the valve. The passage 32 which extends to the manifold vacuum port 31 and also to the conduit 44 leading to the distributor adjusting rotor 48, also communicates with this portion of the chamber. A restricted passage 96 is provided having a port communicating with a side of the enlarged chamber 80 at a position in which it is closed by the enlarged portion 86 of the valve when the valve is in the right hand position as illustrated in Figure 3.
When the vehicle undergoes acceleration, the inertia of the valve 84 causes it to move to the .left in the chamber 80 thus uncovering the port 97 at the inner end of the atmosphere vent passage 96. Air under atmospheric pressure is thus bled into the chamber 80 to the right of the enlarged portion of the valve and reduces the value of the manifold and venturi vacuum available to the motor.
Referring now to Figure 4 there is illustrated another embodiment of the atmospheric bleed valve, parts identical with those of Figure 1 being supplied with the same're'ference characters. In this figure there is provided a charnber 100 having an arcuately curved surface102 in which is a port 104 at the upper end of passage 32, and a port 106 at the inner end of the restricted atmospheric bleed passage 108. Within the chamber is a valve member 110 mounted for swinging movement about the axis of a pivot support 112 by an elongated arm 114. Connected between the arm 114 anda spring seat 116 in a wall of the chamber 100is a compression spring 118 applying a force tending to retain the valve member 110 in the position shown. In its illustrated position the valve member 110 overlies the port 106 but leaves the port 104 open. At the underside of the valve member 110 there is provided a groove 120.
The valve member 110 is thus in elfect a pendulum. Upon acceleration of the vehicle to the right as seen in Figure 4, inertia causes the valve to move to the left first covering port 104 and then sequentially uncovering ports 106 and 104, at which time atmospheric pressure is admitted through the passage 108, ports 106 and 104, to the passage 32, thus bleeding air to reduce the pressure attributable to the manifold and venturi vacuum.
In the several embodiments of the invention it will be observed that the movable atmospheric bleed valve is positioned in such a way that it is responsive to forward and upward inclination of the vehicle such as exists when the vehicle is located on a positive grade. Thus, the atmospheric bleed valve is responsive to forward acceleration of the vehicle and to instantaneous grade inclination of the vehicle.
It'is pointed out that in allcases the present invention produces a modification of distributor regulation as presently controlled by a vacuum determined jointly by manifold and venturi vacuum. The amount of modification of course is dependent'upon the shape and size of valve ports and other considerations which will be selected in accordance with the characteristics of the engine speed.
The drawings and the foregoing specification constitute a description of the improved ignition distributors in such full, clear, concise and exact terms as to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the invention, the scope of which is indicated by the appended claims.
What I claim as my invention is:
1. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle including a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, first means responsive to enginespeed and load effective to advance said spark, and second means responsive jointly to vehicle acceleration and instantaneous grade inclination of the vehicle to superimpose a spark retarding effect on the action of said first means.
2. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle including a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, first means responsive to engine speed and load etfective to advance said spark, and second means responsive to vehicle acceleration to superimpose a spark retarding effect on the action of said first means.
3. An ignition distrbutor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle including a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, first means responsive to engine speed and load elfective to advance said spark, and second means responsive to instantaneous grade inclination of the vehicle to superimpose a spark retarding effect on the action of said first means.
4. An ignition distrbutor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, said distributor having a movable member adjustable to selectively advance and retard the spark, a motor connected to said member, control means responsive to engine load and engine speed for controlling said motor to position said member, and additional means responsive to acceleration of the vehicle to modify the operation of said control means to retard the spark during acceleration.
5. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, the engine having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the intake manifold of the engine, said distributor having a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, a vacuum actuated motor operatively connected to said member effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to advance the spark, a passage connecting the motor to a source of vacuum variable in accordance with engine performance, and an atmospheric bleed connection to said passage responsive jointly to vehicle acceleration and grade inclination to open said bleed connection during acceleration and/or position of the vehicle on a predetermined positive grade.
6. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, the engine having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the intake manifold of the engine, said distributor having a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, a vacuum actuated motor operatively connected to said member effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to advance the spark, a passage connecting the motor to a source of vacuum variable in accordance with engine performance, and an atmospheric bleed connection to said passage responsive to vehicle acceleration to open said bleed connection during acceleration.
7. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, the engine having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the intake manifold of the engine, said distributor having a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, a vacuum actuated motor operatively connected to said member effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to advance the spark, a passage connecting the motor to a source of vacuum variable in accordance with engine performance, and an atmospheric bleed connection to said passage responsive to grade inclination to open said bleed connection during position of the vehicle on a predetermined positive grade.
8. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, the engine having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the intake manifold of the engine, said distributor having a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, a vacuum actuated motor operatively connected to said member effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to advance the spark, a passage connecting the motor to a source of vacuum variable in accordance with engine manifold vacuum and venturi vacuum, and an atmospheric bleed connection to said passage responsive jointly to vehicle acceleration and grade inclination to open said bleed connection during acceleration and/or position of the vehicle on a predetermined positive grade.
9. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, the engine having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the intake manifold of the engine, said distributor having a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, a vacuum actuated motor operatively connected to said member effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to advance the spark, a passage connecting the motor to a source of vacuum variable in accordance with engine manifold vacuum and venturi vacuum, and an atmospheric bleed connection to said passage responsive to vehicle acceleration to open said bleed connection during acceleration.
10. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, the engine having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the intake manifold of the engine, said distributor having a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, a vacuum actuated motor operatively connected to said member effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to advance the spark, a passage connecting the motor to a source of vacuum variable in accordance with engine manifold vacuum and venturi vacuum, and an atmospheric bleed connected to'said passage responsive to grade inclination to open said bleed connection during position of the vehicle on a predetermined positive grade.
11. In a vacuum spark advance system for the distributor of an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the engine intake manifold, a vacuum operated motor effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to adjust the distributor to advance the spark, a passage connecting said motor to a vacuum source variable in accordance with manifold and venturi vacuum, an atmospheric bleed connection to said passage, and means responsive to vehicle acceleration and grade inclination to open said bleed connection during acceleration and/ or position of the vehicle on a predetermined positive grade.
12. In a vacuum spark advance system for the distributor of an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the engine intake manifold, a vacuum operated motor effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to adjust the distributor to advance the spark, a passage connecting said motor to a vacuum source variable in accordance with manifold and venturi vacuum, and an atmospheric bleed connection to said passage responsive to vehicle acceleration to open said bleed connection during acceleration.
13. In a vacuum spark advance system for the distributor of an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle having a carburetor including a venturi connected to the engine intake manifold, a vacuum operated motor effective when connected to a source of increasing vacuum to adjust the distributor to advance the spark, a passage connecting said motor to a vacuum source variable in accordance with manifold and venturi vacuum, and an atmospheric bleed connection to said passage responsive to grid inclination to open said bleed connection during position of the vehicle on a predetermined positive grade.
14. In a pressure distributor in a motor vehicle engine including a vacuum motor connected to engine manifold and venturi responsive to air flow to the engine, a vehicle acceleration and altitude responsive atmospheric bleed connection to said motor, said connection comprising a valve including a valve port and a normally closed inertia valve member, resilient means urging the valve member toward closed position, said valve member being mounted for opening movement in the direction relative to said port in which inertia resulting from acceleration of the vehicle tends to move said valve member.
15. Structure as defined in claim 14 in which said valve comprises a chamber connected to the manifold and venturi connection, said port connecting said chamber to atmosphere, said valve member is in said chamber, and spring means urging said valve member toward port closing position.
16. Structure as defined in claim 15 in which said valve member is mounted for movement in valve opening direction toward the rear of the vehicle.
17. Structure as defined in claim 16, and guide means for said valve member disposed to cause gravitational forces to have valve opening components when the vehicle is inclined on a positive grade.
18. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle including a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, and inertia actuated means responsive to vehicle acceleration and to effect movement of said member in a direction to retard the spark.
19. An ignition distributor for an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle including a member adjustable to advance or retard the spark, and pendulum means responsive to instantaneous positive grade inclination of the vehicle to effect movement of said member in a direction to retard the spark.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Mallory Dec. 9, 1947
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3007987A (en) * 1960-08-05 1961-11-07 Walter P Barnes Engine accessory
US3042134A (en) * 1960-12-09 1962-07-03 Gen Motors Corp Idle speed increasing device
US3646921A (en) * 1969-07-17 1972-03-07 Ethyl Corp Reducing engine emissions
JPS4984535U (en) * 1972-11-11 1974-07-22
US4649885A (en) * 1983-06-09 1987-03-17 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for the operation of an internal combustion engine
US4730600A (en) * 1981-12-16 1988-03-15 The Coleman Company, Inc. Condensing furnace

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2432166A (en) * 1944-04-26 1947-12-09 Mallory Marion Engine governor
US2630815A (en) * 1948-01-09 1953-03-10 Harland Engineering Co Ltd Speed-and acceleration-responsive valve

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2432166A (en) * 1944-04-26 1947-12-09 Mallory Marion Engine governor
US2630815A (en) * 1948-01-09 1953-03-10 Harland Engineering Co Ltd Speed-and acceleration-responsive valve

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3007987A (en) * 1960-08-05 1961-11-07 Walter P Barnes Engine accessory
US3042134A (en) * 1960-12-09 1962-07-03 Gen Motors Corp Idle speed increasing device
US3646921A (en) * 1969-07-17 1972-03-07 Ethyl Corp Reducing engine emissions
JPS4984535U (en) * 1972-11-11 1974-07-22
JPS5221416Y2 (en) * 1972-11-11 1977-05-17
US4730600A (en) * 1981-12-16 1988-03-15 The Coleman Company, Inc. Condensing furnace
US4649885A (en) * 1983-06-09 1987-03-17 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for the operation of an internal combustion engine

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