US2853592A - Hand-drying apparatus - Google Patents

Hand-drying apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2853592A
US2853592A US669575A US66957557A US2853592A US 2853592 A US2853592 A US 2853592A US 669575 A US669575 A US 669575A US 66957557 A US66957557 A US 66957557A US 2853592 A US2853592 A US 2853592A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
fan
means
switch
air
hand
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US669575A
Inventor
Gravet Simone
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ACEC
ACEC SA
Original Assignee
ACEC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR2853592X priority Critical
Application filed by ACEC filed Critical ACEC
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2853592A publication Critical patent/US2853592A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/48Drying by means of hot air

Description

Sept. 23, 1958 SIMONE GRAVET NEE DEMARET HAND-DRYING APPARATUS Filed July 2, 1957 //IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIJMI HIIIIHIHHIIIA United States Patent HAND-DRYIN G APPARATUS Simone Gravet, ne Demaret, Gosselies, Belgium, assignor to Societe Anonyme Ateliers de'Constructions Electriques de Charleroi, Brussels, Belgium, a corporation of Belgium Application July 2, 1957, Serial No. 669,575

Claims priority, application France July 5, 1956 3 Claims. (Cl. 21939) This invention relates to electrical hand drying apparatus of the type having a motor driven fan and heating means for the air delivered by the fan.

The main object of the invention is to provide simple apparatus of this character that can be operated without manual contact so that the user need have no fear of electric shock due to touching any part of the switching means with his wet hands.

It is already known to start up hand-driers by means of a pedal, or even by means of an automatic system sensitive to the approach of the hands. These ways of starting up already take into account the fact that for a handdrier it is desirable to provide starting means other than a manual switch, but the operation of a pedal makes it very awkward for a person standing on one leg, without the use of his hands, and the known automatic system mentioned is very expensive. The invention provides a cheap means of starting up, placed on the apparatus 'itself, and not requiring the use of the wet hands or arms.

Another object of the invention is to provide improved hand drying apparatus with switching means that can be operated without manual contact and that will automatically switch off the current after a predetermined time.

A specific object of the invention is to provide a simple and inexpensive form of hand-drying apparatus which can be operated without manual contact but merely by blowing into the casing of the apparatus, the user being enabled to expose his hands to a heated current of air delivered by the apparatus in a downward direction as he stands in front of the casing.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear from the following description of a preferred embodiment, given with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic sectional drawing.

This drawing shows the apparatus enclosed in a casing 1 provided with one or more apertures protected by a grid 2. Behind this grid there is disposed a vane 3 mounted on a lever arm 4 gravity biased to normal position as shown and capable of pivoting about an axis 5. The lever arm 4 is in contact with the push button 6 of a starter for a timing switch 7. This switch sets a fan driving motor (not shown) in action, thereby driving a centrifugal fan 3; it also delivers current for a heating resistance 9 placed in the fan outlet conduit 13, and it cuts 01f the current to both the motor and the resistance after a pre-determined time, sufiicient for the user to dry his hands in the current of warm air discharged from the conduit 13. In addition, the timing switch 7 can for example also light up an ultra-violet ray lamp or discharge tube- 10, which has a bactericidal efiect upon the hands held below the outlet 13.

In accordance with the preferred embodiment shown, the vane 3 is disposed at the level of the fan 8, and a conduit 11 branching from the high pressure side of this fan directs a small jet of air on to the vane 3.

The person who wishes to use the improved handdrier brings it into operation by blowing through the grid 2 on to the vane 3. The latter pivots about the axis 5 and presses the lever arm 4 against the push button 6 of the starter, thereby closing the switch 7. A spring (not shown) damps contact of arm 4 with micro-switch 6. The fan 8 now comes into operation, drawing air at its open center, and delivers it into the conduit 12, in which the heating resistance 9 is placed. The hot air issues through the outlet 13 and rapidly dries the hands held out below the casing. A small jet of air also leaves the auxiliary conduit 11, pushes back the vane 3 and restores it to its initial position, against any force exerted by air drawn in by the fan 8 through the grid 2. The starter button 6 then returns immediately to initial position after the starting of the fan 8, and the timing switch 7 cuts off the current to both the fan motor and the heating resistance after the lapse of the pre-determined time.

It will be understood that the invention is not limited to the particular arrangement described and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, but embraces all desired modifications within the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A hand drier comprising, a motor driven fan, means for directing air from the fan externally of the drier as a stream, electrical means for heating the air stream delivered by the fan, an electrical circuit for energizing the fan motor and the heating means, a normally open breathoperated switch connected in said circuit for closing the circuit to control the simultaneous energization of the fan motor and said heating means, breath-operated means having a normal rest position and operable to an operative position for engaging and operating said switch to a closed position, timing means for maintaining the fan motor and heating means energized for a selected period of time subsequent to the closing of the circuit by said switch, means on said air stream directing means for diverting a portion of the air flow against said switch operating breath-operated means to return it to its rest position and to maintain it in this rest position during the period of time the fan is activated thereby to release the switch and allow it to open.

2. A hand drier comprising, a motor-driven fan, means for directing air from the fan externally of the drier as a stream, electrical means for heating the air stream delivered by the fan, an electrical circuit for energizing the fan motor and the heating means, a normally open breath-operated switch connected in said circuit for closing the circuit to control the simultaneous energization of the fan motor and said heating means, a breath-operated pivotally mounted vane having a normal rest position and operable to an operative position for engaging and operating said switch to a closed position, timing means for maintaining the fan motor and heating means energized for a selected period of time subsequent to the closing of the circuit by said switch, means on said air stream directing means for diverting a portion of the air flow against said vane to return it to its rest position and to maintain it in this rest position during the period of time the fan is activated thereby to release the switch and allow it to open.

3. A hand drier comprising, a motor-driven fan, means for directing air from the fan externally of the drier as a stream, electrical means for heating the air stream delivered by the fan, an electrical circuit for energizing the fan motor and the heating means, a normally open breath-operated switch connected in said circuit for closing the circuit to control the simultaneous energization of the fan motor and said heating means, a breath-operated pivotally mounted vane having a normal rest position and operable in a direction for engaging and operating said switch to a closed position, timing means for maintaining the fan motor and heating means energized for a selected period of time subsequent to the closing References Cited in the file of this patent of the ecircuift bydsaidtiswitch, means or; stzlrid stireeitiig direct UNITED STATES PATENTS mg m ans or iver ng a por ion 0 1e ar w as jet against said vane to return it to its rest position and Case to maintain it in this rest position during the period of 5 Arculanus 121 time the fan is activated thereby to release the switch and 2 Allen et a1 171 allow it to open, to preclude movement of said vane in 3 Butler g 3 the switch operating direction, and a germicide ultra- '3 Kenwort y 1 violet ray lamp disposed internally of thedrier in the 34 Falkenthal "7-- 1 5 path of the air delivered by the fan for treating said: 1 2305379 Tmener et a1 Sept- 31 19 7 air and connected in said circuit.

US669575A 1956-07-05 1957-07-02 Hand-drying apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2853592A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR2853592X 1956-07-05

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2853592A true US2853592A (en) 1958-09-23

Family

ID=9689332

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US669575A Expired - Lifetime US2853592A (en) 1956-07-05 1957-07-02 Hand-drying apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2853592A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3185796A (en) * 1961-03-08 1965-05-25 Saginomiya Seisakusho Co Ltd Snap-action condition responsive switch
US3731025A (en) * 1971-07-14 1973-05-01 Sloan Valve Co Breath operated flushing arrangements
US20070144034A1 (en) * 2005-08-03 2007-06-28 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Hand drying apparatus
US7774953B1 (en) * 2007-05-25 2010-08-17 Duran Napoli I Athlete hand drying system
US8950019B2 (en) 2007-09-20 2015-02-10 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Lavatory system
US8997271B2 (en) 2009-10-07 2015-04-07 Bradley Corporation Lavatory system with hand dryer
US9170148B2 (en) 2011-04-18 2015-10-27 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Soap dispenser having fluid level sensor
US9267736B2 (en) 2011-04-18 2016-02-23 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Hand dryer with point of ingress dependent air delay and filter sensor
US9758953B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2017-09-12 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Basin and hand drying system
US10041236B2 (en) 2016-06-08 2018-08-07 Bradley Corporation Multi-function fixture for a lavatory system
US10100501B2 (en) 2012-08-24 2018-10-16 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Multi-purpose hand washing station

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2221963A (en) * 1937-06-10 1940-11-19 Marx & Co Louis Voice controlled toy train system
US2521769A (en) * 1948-05-22 1950-09-12 Charles Du B Arcularius Drier
US2526315A (en) * 1947-09-08 1950-10-17 Allen John Herbert Switch for ventilating systems
US2577104A (en) * 1950-05-16 1951-12-04 Gen Electric Drier safety control
US2774834A (en) * 1955-05-24 1956-12-18 Edward H Kenworthy Breath operated switch for musical instruments
US2777934A (en) * 1953-11-14 1957-01-15 Erwin E Falkenthal Hot air heater
US2805379A (en) * 1953-08-18 1957-09-03 Raymond T Moloney Breath-controlled apparatus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2221963A (en) * 1937-06-10 1940-11-19 Marx & Co Louis Voice controlled toy train system
US2526315A (en) * 1947-09-08 1950-10-17 Allen John Herbert Switch for ventilating systems
US2521769A (en) * 1948-05-22 1950-09-12 Charles Du B Arcularius Drier
US2577104A (en) * 1950-05-16 1951-12-04 Gen Electric Drier safety control
US2805379A (en) * 1953-08-18 1957-09-03 Raymond T Moloney Breath-controlled apparatus
US2777934A (en) * 1953-11-14 1957-01-15 Erwin E Falkenthal Hot air heater
US2774834A (en) * 1955-05-24 1956-12-18 Edward H Kenworthy Breath operated switch for musical instruments

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3185796A (en) * 1961-03-08 1965-05-25 Saginomiya Seisakusho Co Ltd Snap-action condition responsive switch
US3731025A (en) * 1971-07-14 1973-05-01 Sloan Valve Co Breath operated flushing arrangements
US20070144034A1 (en) * 2005-08-03 2007-06-28 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Hand drying apparatus
US7596883B2 (en) * 2005-08-03 2009-10-06 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Hand drying apparatus
US7774953B1 (en) * 2007-05-25 2010-08-17 Duran Napoli I Athlete hand drying system
US8950019B2 (en) 2007-09-20 2015-02-10 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Lavatory system
US8997271B2 (en) 2009-10-07 2015-04-07 Bradley Corporation Lavatory system with hand dryer
US9170148B2 (en) 2011-04-18 2015-10-27 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Soap dispenser having fluid level sensor
US9267736B2 (en) 2011-04-18 2016-02-23 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Hand dryer with point of ingress dependent air delay and filter sensor
US9441885B2 (en) 2011-04-18 2016-09-13 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Lavatory with dual plenum hand dryer
US9758953B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2017-09-12 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Basin and hand drying system
US10100501B2 (en) 2012-08-24 2018-10-16 Bradley Fixtures Corporation Multi-purpose hand washing station
US10041236B2 (en) 2016-06-08 2018-08-07 Bradley Corporation Multi-function fixture for a lavatory system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3643346A (en) Drying apparatus
US4780595A (en) Body dryer
US4558473A (en) Sanitary cleaning equipment
US5495626A (en) Electrical control device
US5832639A (en) Portable garment finishing appliance
EP1386598A1 (en) Steam-supplying apparatus for hairdressing and beauty care
US7382975B2 (en) Evaporator device for active substances with fan
SE8002208L (en) Dispensing Device without propellant with durable spray and direktavstengning
US5228107A (en) Humidifier with safety shutoff
JPH02289209A (en) Coffee maker
US4451942A (en) Local washing device of flush toilet
US2281370A (en) Combination washroom fixture
US5044556A (en) Water sprayer for wetting toilet paper
US2882360A (en) Domestic appliance
US3398756A (en) Dishwasher having improved vent means
JPS5468542A (en) Microwave oven witt electric heater
US3896509A (en) Ventilating system for bathrooms
US2733650A (en) Microwave cooker controls
EP0438112A2 (en) Steam iron
US1997695A (en) Water closet ventilating device
FR2312740A1 (en) Central heating boiler controlled dependent on outdoor temperature - with delay before switching on tank charging pump
US3986670A (en) Hand held thermal electric fogging device
ES459593A1 (en) Improvements introduced in an apparatus for power control.
US3492459A (en) Electric iron and safety device therefor
US3834295A (en) Oven hood with automatic switch