US2847859A - Positioning device - Google Patents

Positioning device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2847859A
US2847859A US426269A US42626954A US2847859A US 2847859 A US2847859 A US 2847859A US 426269 A US426269 A US 426269A US 42626954 A US42626954 A US 42626954A US 2847859 A US2847859 A US 2847859A
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Prior art keywords
carrier
tape
electromagnet
stretch
stretches
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Expired - Lifetime
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US426269A
Inventor
John J Lynott
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International Business Machines Corp
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International Business Machines Corp
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Priority to US426269A priority Critical patent/US2847859A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0078Safety devices protecting the operator, e.g. against accident or noise
    • B23Q11/0092Safety devices protecting the operator, e.g. against accident or noise actuating braking or stopping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/56Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/60Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/62Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism with perpendicular axes, e.g. cross-slides
    • B23Q1/621Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism with perpendicular axes, e.g. cross-slides a single sliding pair followed perpendicularly by a single sliding pair
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H19/00Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion
    • F16H19/02Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion for interconverting rotary or oscillating motion and reciprocating motion
    • F16H19/06Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion for interconverting rotary or oscillating motion and reciprocating motion comprising flexible members, e.g. an endless flexible member
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18056Rotary to or from reciprocating or oscillating
    • Y10T74/18152Belt or chain carried member
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20012Multiple controlled elements
    • Y10T74/20201Control moves in two planes

Description

Aug. 19, 1958 .1. .1. LYNoTT 2,847,859
PosIfrIoNING DEVICE Filed April 28, 1954 lz o 2.2
INVENTOR. Jar/N J'. Ly/vo 7'7' United States Patent O POSITIONIN G DEVICE John I. Lynott, Los Gatos, Calif., assignor to International Business Machines Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application April 28, 1954, Serial No. 426,269
Claims. (Cl. 74--37) This invention relates to a translating device; more particularly, the invention is concerned with a mechanism for selectively moving a carrier over a predetermined linear path to position the carrier at some predetermined location thereon.
The invention has application in many ways to devices wherein a movable member is desired to be positioned and repositioned at various intervals along a linear path of travel by making use of a simple control and drive apparatus. For example, an endless belt is provided and driven continuously in a predetermined direction, thereby forming two parallel stretches of belt, each moving in an opposite direction to the other. A movable member or carrier is arranged to travel parallel with the stretches of the belt along a guide member, and is designed to partially embrace each stretch of the belt. The movable member is provided at the aforementioned embracing positions with a pair of electromagnets, each having an armature whereby, Iupon energization of either electromagnet, one of the aforesaid stretches is seized between the energized electromagnet and its respective armature. This causes the movable member to be driven by the stretch of belt to which itis clamped to a new position alongvthe guide member. The new position is determined by the speed of the belt and the duration of the electromagnets attraction for its respective armature. In this manner, everytime either electromagnet is energized, the movable member is moved by the belt stretch to which it is clamped in either direction along a guide `rail, coming to rest in a new position whenever the current of energization of the electromagnet is removed or reduced to a predetermined level. Accordingly, an object of the invention is to provide an improved translating mechanism.
Another object is to provide a bidirectional motion translating device.
A further object of the invention is to provide a magnetically controlled translating device capable of dibirectional motion.
A still further object is to provide an improved magnetic clamping device.
Other yobjects of the invention will be pointed out in the following description and claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose, by way of example, the principle of the invention and the best mode which has been contemplated of applying that principle.
In thek drawings:
Fig; 1 is a diagrammatic view of an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the device line 2 2.
Fig. 3 is a modification of the view of Fig. 2, with certain parts eliminated, and pertains to a dilerent mode of operation.
Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic view of the invention adapted to use in a plotting mechanism.
Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, a carrier 10 is slidably mounted on a rod 11 by bearing rollers 12, 13 and 14. The rod 11 is suspended from a base 16 by brackets 15 attached to each end of the rod 11. The rod 11 is eX- tended from the base 16 suiiiciently to allow free motion of Fig. 1 along ICC of the carrier 10 along the rod 11. A magnetic clamping unit 17 'is provided on the underside of the carrier 10, through which two stretches 18 and 19 of an endless tape 20 travel. The continuous tape 20 is supported by an idler pulley 21 rotatably supported from the base 16 at a position near one end of the rod 11 and a driving pulley 22 rotatably supported from the base 16 at a comparable position near the opposite end of the rod 11. Both stretches 18 and 19 thus travel in a path adjacent the rod 11 in opposite directions. The tape 20 may be made of structurally suitable material which may be of a magnetic or non-magnetic character. The magnetic clamping unit 17 has a non-magnetic spacer 26 made of nylon, plastic or the like, provided between the stretches 18 and 19, as shown. The spacer 26 has a recess 27 in the area over which the stretch 18 travels, and a recess 28 in the area over which the stretch 19 travels. Within the recess 27 is a magnetic armature 29 free to move within the recess 27 but retained therein by pressure of the stretch 18 on the spacer 26. Similarly, a magnetic armature 30 is within the recess 28 and is also free to move but is retained by the pressure of the stretch 19 thereon. An electromagnet 31 is aiiixed to the clamping unit 17 so that the stretch 18 will travel between a core 32 of the electromagnet 31 and the armature 29, but separated suiciently to normally allow free movement of the tape 20 therebetween. Similarly, an electromagnet 33 is axed to the clamping unit 17 so that the stretch 19 will travel between a core 34 of the electromagnet 33 and the armature 30. A winding 35 of the electromagnet 31 is connected serially to a switch 36 and a battery 37, and, similarly, a winding 38 of the electromagnet 33 is connected with the battery 37 and a switch 39.
When switch 25 is closed, the motor 23 then rotates the pulley 22 in a clockwise direction, which causes the tape 20 to `travel around pulleys 21 and 22. Stretch 18 is, therefore, caused to move toward the driving pulley 22 in a K direction, while the stretch 19 moves away from the driving pulley 22 in an L direction. With switches 36 and 39 open, the forces of stretches 18 and 19 dragging over the spacer 26 are approximately the same and therefore tend to equalize each other. No force is therefore exerted to move the carrier 10, and it accordingly remains in a relatively static position. If switch 36 is closed, the electromagnet 33 is energized, which pulls the armature 29 toward the core 32, and causes a clamping force to exist between the armature 29 and the core 32, which fastens the stretch 18 to the clamping unit 17. The carrier 10 is thereby forced to move in the K direction by force transmitted from stretch 18. It is to be noted that, although the transmission of force is quite rapid, smooth acceleration of the carrier ll) is obtained as a result of some momentary slippage of the tape 20 through the clamping unit 17 at the instant of application of the force. When switch 36 is open, the carrier 10 will again be held static as the force between core 32 and armature 29 is eliminated, thereby releasing stretch 18 from the clamping force. If switch 39 is closed, electromagnet 31 is energized, thereby causing a similar force to exist between core 34 and armature 30 to cause the ,clamping unit 17 to fasten to the stretch 19, thereby translating the motion of the tape 20 to the carrier 10 and causing it to move in an L direction. y
A braking action can be obtained when the carrier is being moved inone direction, by applying the clamping force of the electromagnet which would normally move the carrier in the opposite direction. This action is obtained by the manipulation of switches 36 and 39 so that, assuming the tape Ztl to be moving in the directhe left (in the direction of pulley 21).
tion indicated in Fig. 1 of the drawing as a result of switch 39 being closed, the carrier 10 will be moved to Since the carrier 10 has inertia, there is a tendency for the positioning device to overshoot, particularly for long increments of travel. Consequently, when switch 36 is closed While carrier is moving as described, a braking action is provided to quickly arrest the travel of the carrier 1) .through the clamping effect on the stretch 18 of the armature 29 andthe core 32 tending to reverse the carrier 10 and thereby rapidly halting its movement.
As the contact between the clamping unit 17 and the tape` is, in this embodiment, frictional, some slippage can occur during all phases of operation, which may be taken advantage of for some applications where slippage is required. The amount of slippage, the power transmittable, and the rate of deceleration and acceleration may be increased or decreased from variations of certain parameters; for example, the number of turns of the electromagnets 31 and 33 and the amount of current applied thereto determines the amount of magnetic clamping force available, within saturable limits. Obviously, the greater the magnetic force available, the greater will be the adhesion between the tape 20 and the clamping unit 17. The areas and the type of material of the armatures 29 and 30 and of the cores 32 and 34 will similarly vary the tape-holding force. While any type material may be used to form the tape 20, it is to be noted that a magnetizable tape will transmit additional power when used with a magnetic clamping device, since the tape 20 itself is acted upon by the magnetic elds of the electromagnets 31 and 33.
Figure 3 shows a modified form of the carrier illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein the tape 20 is made of a magnetizable material and it is unnecessary to provide armatures such as 29 and 36, since the tape 20 itself is acted upon directly by the magnetic iields of the electromagnets 31 and 33. Fastening of the carrier to the tape occurs, due to the magnetic attraction between the tape 20 and the electromagnets 31 or 33, rather than by the clamping of the tape between a core and a separate armature.
A further embodiment of this invention is illustrated in Fig. 4 wherein the translating device is shown adapted to a type of plotting mechanism. Four carriers 50, 51, 52 and 53 are provided for cooperating with an endless tape 54 driven by a motor 55 via a driving pulley 56, around idlers 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 and 63. The carrier elements 50 and 52 travel together horizontally along sides 65 and 67, respectively, and the carrier elements 51 and 53 travel together vertically along sides 64 and 66, respectively, as in Fig. 4. A rod`68 connects carriers 50 and 52, and a rod 69 connects carriers S1 and 53, the rod 68 having a sleeve 70 and the rod 69 having a sleeve 71. By joining the sleeves 70 and 71 and providing synchronous movements of the elements 50 and 52 and of the elements 51 and 53, respectively, a marking device (not shown) placed at the junction of the sleeves 70 and 71 can be positioned in either direction along the X axis or the Y aXis, to form graphic plotting device.
Wli'ile there have been shoWm and described and pointed out the fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to av preferred embodiment, it will be understood that various omissions and substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its 1operation may be made by those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the invention. It is the intention, therefore, to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the following claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A translating device including an endless tape supported between pulleys, a motor continuously driving the said tape in a predetermined direction thereby providing two oppositely moving parallel stretches o f tape,
a carrier, a support member for said carrier to allow said carrier to travel lengthwise of said stretches, a pair of electromagnets on said carrier, an armature coacting with each said electromagnet for clamping one of said stretches therebetween, Vmeans capable of being operated to cause energization of one electromagnet whereby the said carrier is engaged by one said stretch of tape and moved in a predetermined direction, and means capable of being operated to cause energization of the other electromagnet while said one electromagnet is energized whereby the said carrier is engaged by the other said stretch of tape and retarded in its motion in 'the said predetermined direction.
2. A positioning device having two rigid intersecting members interconnected by slidable sleeves thereon and disposed at right angles to each other including guide means to support said members, a moving tape comprising two stretches moving in opposite directions in the direction of travel of said rigid members, and latching means for each said member to selectively latch each said member to one or the other of the stretches of said carrier. 3. A positioning device having two members, supporting means for said members to allow said members to move at right angles to each other, an endless moving tape comprising two stretches moving in opposite directions in the direction of travel of each member, a carrier for each member, a pair of electromagnets for each said carrier, an armature coacting with each said electromagnet for clamping one of said stretches therebetween, and means for energizing one said electromagnet whereby a said carrier is engaged by one said stretch of tape and moved in a predetermined direction.
4. A plotting mechanism for movement of a marking device in either directionalong an X or Y axis having a member movable along an X axis, a second member movable along a Y axis, an endless tape having two stretches moving in opposite directions in the direction of the X axis and two stretches moving in opposite directions in the direction of the Y axis, a carrier for each of said members, a pair of electromagnets on each said carrier, an armature coacting with each said electromagnet for clamping one of said stretches therebetween, means capable of being operated to cause energization of one said electromagnet whereby the said carrier of one said member is engaged by one said stretch of tape and moved in a predetermined direction, and means capable of being operated to cause energization of the other electromagnet of said moved member while said one electromagnet is energized whereby the said carrier is energized by the other said stretch of tape and said member retarded in its motion in the said predetermined direction.
5. A translating device including an endless tape supported between pulleys, a motor continuously driving the said tape in a predetermined direction thereby providing two oppositely moving parallel stretches of tape, a carrier, a supporting member for said carrier to allow said carrier to travel lengthwise of said stretches, a pair of electromagnets on said carrier, an armature coacting with each said electromagnet for clamping one of said stretches therebetween, means capable of being operated to energize one said electromagnet whereby lthe said carrier is engaged by one said stretch of tape and moved in a predetermined direction, and means capable of being operated for simultaneously energizing the other said electromagnet whereby the said carrier is engaged by the other said stretch of tape and retarded in its motion in the said predetermined direction.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,469,470 Wright Oct. 2, 1923 1,582,107 Whiteside Apr. 27, 1926 2,123,229 Carpenter July 12, 1938 2,566,247 Pierce Aug. 28, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent Noa 2,847,859 August 19, 1958 John J Lynott It is herebr certified that error appears in the -prnted specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.
Signed and sealed this 3rd day of May 1960.
(SEAL) f Attest:
ROBERT C. WATSON KARL vH. AXLINE Commissioner of Patents Attesting- Ocer UNITED STATES PATENT oTETCE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent NO.2,8J7,859 August 19, 1958' J 0h11 l J a Lynott It is hereby certified that error appears in the-printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.
Signed and sealed this 3rd day of May 1960n (SEAL) Attest:
KARL lH AXLINE Attesting4 Officer ROBERT C. WATSON Commissioner of Patents
US426269A 1954-04-28 1954-04-28 Positioning device Expired - Lifetime US2847859A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3021512A (en) * 1956-04-27 1962-02-13 Sperry Rand Corp Selector mechanism
US3091130A (en) * 1960-06-27 1963-05-28 Morse Instr Co Single lever control for multiple actions
US3159040A (en) * 1962-07-18 1964-12-01 Sperry Rand Corp Linear stepping and positioning mechanism
US3237312A (en) * 1962-10-01 1966-03-01 Sheffield Corp Gaging device
US3303513A (en) * 1965-10-23 1967-02-07 Atlantic Refining Co Transducer indexing system for playing back various geophysical recordings
US3322094A (en) * 1965-08-27 1967-05-30 Packard Bell Electronics Corp Indicator means
US3376578A (en) * 1966-05-31 1968-04-02 Bruce A. Sawyer Magnetic positioning device
US3424013A (en) * 1965-09-24 1969-01-28 Messer Griesheim Gmbh Torch carriage driving arrangement
US3480861A (en) * 1965-11-05 1969-11-25 Mario Possati Device for indicating the value of a magnitude such as an electric signal on a visible scale or dial
US3489020A (en) * 1966-09-29 1970-01-13 Meteor Ag Drive mechanism for a to-and-fro movable carriage
US3628497A (en) * 1970-12-14 1971-12-21 Franklin D Neu Connection point locating apparatus
US3735040A (en) * 1970-04-08 1973-05-22 Xerox Corp Facsimile transceiver
US4198170A (en) * 1977-05-13 1980-04-15 Triumph Werke Nurnberg A.G. Single element typing for left to right or right to left letter feeding
US4277189A (en) * 1976-06-03 1981-07-07 Centronics Data Computer Corp. Bidirectional carriage drive employing a closed loop belt drive means for printers and the like
US4286888A (en) * 1978-12-28 1981-09-01 Centronics Data Computer Corp. Bi-directional belt drive, print head mounting means and printing plane adjustment means for serial printers
US4315437A (en) * 1977-07-25 1982-02-16 Societe Lectra Systemes, S.A. Device for driving and displacing a beam resting upon guide rails, and one or more carriages attached to the beam
US4479731A (en) * 1982-06-30 1984-10-30 Tokyo Electric Co., Ltd. Serial printer carriage mounting
US4900148A (en) * 1985-12-09 1990-02-13 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Apparatus and process for measuring an optical characteristic of a predetermined portion of a flat object
US4973007A (en) * 1987-10-09 1990-11-27 Barmag Ag Yarn traversing system
US4979093A (en) * 1987-07-16 1990-12-18 Cavro Scientific Instruments XYZ positioner
US4995277A (en) * 1988-05-31 1991-02-26 Ken Yanagisawa Two dimensional drive system
US5146802A (en) * 1990-04-14 1992-09-15 Ken Yanagisawa Drive system
US5165296A (en) * 1990-01-12 1992-11-24 Ken Yanagisawa Drive system
US5214976A (en) * 1990-01-12 1993-06-01 Ken Yanagisawa Drive system
US5315735A (en) * 1992-12-15 1994-05-31 Shin Chiu I Opposed roller-type motor vehicle windshield wiper

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1469470A (en) * 1921-08-22 1923-10-02 Igranic Electric Co Ltd Variable reciprocating traverse mechanism
US1582107A (en) * 1922-12-29 1926-04-27 Western Electric Co Conveyer
US2123229A (en) * 1937-03-31 1938-07-12 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Selector switch
US2566247A (en) * 1945-06-14 1951-08-28 Pierce Firth Plotter

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1469470A (en) * 1921-08-22 1923-10-02 Igranic Electric Co Ltd Variable reciprocating traverse mechanism
US1582107A (en) * 1922-12-29 1926-04-27 Western Electric Co Conveyer
US2123229A (en) * 1937-03-31 1938-07-12 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Selector switch
US2566247A (en) * 1945-06-14 1951-08-28 Pierce Firth Plotter

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3021512A (en) * 1956-04-27 1962-02-13 Sperry Rand Corp Selector mechanism
US3091130A (en) * 1960-06-27 1963-05-28 Morse Instr Co Single lever control for multiple actions
US3159040A (en) * 1962-07-18 1964-12-01 Sperry Rand Corp Linear stepping and positioning mechanism
US3237312A (en) * 1962-10-01 1966-03-01 Sheffield Corp Gaging device
US3322094A (en) * 1965-08-27 1967-05-30 Packard Bell Electronics Corp Indicator means
US3424013A (en) * 1965-09-24 1969-01-28 Messer Griesheim Gmbh Torch carriage driving arrangement
US3303513A (en) * 1965-10-23 1967-02-07 Atlantic Refining Co Transducer indexing system for playing back various geophysical recordings
US3480861A (en) * 1965-11-05 1969-11-25 Mario Possati Device for indicating the value of a magnitude such as an electric signal on a visible scale or dial
US3376578A (en) * 1966-05-31 1968-04-02 Bruce A. Sawyer Magnetic positioning device
US3489020A (en) * 1966-09-29 1970-01-13 Meteor Ag Drive mechanism for a to-and-fro movable carriage
US3735040A (en) * 1970-04-08 1973-05-22 Xerox Corp Facsimile transceiver
US3628497A (en) * 1970-12-14 1971-12-21 Franklin D Neu Connection point locating apparatus
US4277189A (en) * 1976-06-03 1981-07-07 Centronics Data Computer Corp. Bidirectional carriage drive employing a closed loop belt drive means for printers and the like
US4198170A (en) * 1977-05-13 1980-04-15 Triumph Werke Nurnberg A.G. Single element typing for left to right or right to left letter feeding
US4315437A (en) * 1977-07-25 1982-02-16 Societe Lectra Systemes, S.A. Device for driving and displacing a beam resting upon guide rails, and one or more carriages attached to the beam
US4286888A (en) * 1978-12-28 1981-09-01 Centronics Data Computer Corp. Bi-directional belt drive, print head mounting means and printing plane adjustment means for serial printers
US4479731A (en) * 1982-06-30 1984-10-30 Tokyo Electric Co., Ltd. Serial printer carriage mounting
US4900148A (en) * 1985-12-09 1990-02-13 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Apparatus and process for measuring an optical characteristic of a predetermined portion of a flat object
US4979093A (en) * 1987-07-16 1990-12-18 Cavro Scientific Instruments XYZ positioner
US4973007A (en) * 1987-10-09 1990-11-27 Barmag Ag Yarn traversing system
US4995277A (en) * 1988-05-31 1991-02-26 Ken Yanagisawa Two dimensional drive system
US5165296A (en) * 1990-01-12 1992-11-24 Ken Yanagisawa Drive system
US5214976A (en) * 1990-01-12 1993-06-01 Ken Yanagisawa Drive system
US5146802A (en) * 1990-04-14 1992-09-15 Ken Yanagisawa Drive system
US5315735A (en) * 1992-12-15 1994-05-31 Shin Chiu I Opposed roller-type motor vehicle windshield wiper

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