US2843690A - Safety edge for hangar door - Google Patents

Safety edge for hangar door Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2843690A
US2843690A US61673256A US2843690A US 2843690 A US2843690 A US 2843690A US 61673256 A US61673256 A US 61673256A US 2843690 A US2843690 A US 2843690A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
door
edge
safety edge
foam rubber
back
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Norman K Miller
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MILLER BROTHERS
Original Assignee
MILLER BROTHERS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/01Removable or disappearing walls for hangars or other halls, e.g. for aircraft
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/40Safety devices, e.g. detection of obstructions or end positions
    • E05F15/42Detection using safety edges
    • E05F15/44Detection using safety edges responsive to changes in electrical conductivity
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/28Other arrangements on doors or windows, e.g. door-plates, windows adapted to carry plants, hooks for window cleaners
    • E06B7/36Finger guards or other measures preventing harmful access between the door and the door frame
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/108Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof for hangars

Description

July 15, 1958 N. K. MILLER SAFETY EDGE FOR HANGAR DOOR Filed Oct. 18, 1956 Vii INVENTOR.

IVO P/W/I/V A. MM

ATTOf/Yf)? "ijnite gtitts 2,843,690 SAFETY EDGE FOR HANGAR noon Norman K. Miller, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Miller Brothers, Upper Darby, Pa., a partnership Application October 18, 1956, Serial No. 616,732

5 Claims. (Cl. ZOO-61.43)

The present invention relates to doors of the type which are motor driven and is concerned primarily with the so-called safety edge of such a door.

At the present time, comparatively huge and massive doors, such as are included in aircraft hangars, factories, warehouses and similar places, are motor driven. ,That is, a motor is employed to move the door into and out of its closed position.

It is evident that such a door, moving under power, constitutes a hazard which is likely to result in either personalinjury or property damage, if either a person or some article should get into its path of movement. Those dealing with this particular problem have recognized. itsv dangerous characteristics and, attempt has been made to provide a safety edge for the. door which will reduce or eliminate the hazard.- 3O

The nowrknown safety edge comprises a strip of relatively stiff, and heavy material which is attached to the edge of the door, in ,the .shapeof an arch. Thisstrip,

together with the door edge, presents confronting faces, onzwhich areprovided electrical contact elements in theform of a wire mesh or screen. Thetheorybehind such a door is that when the edge, as defined by the curved leather strip, strikessorne object, in the path of movement of the door, an electrical contact is made which disables the motor that moves the door and thus brings the door to a stop.

The device above described present certain disadvantages which are intended to be overcome by the present invention.

In the first instance, the wire mesh or screen becomes worn and frayed, whereuponends of the wire upstand andcreate anelectrical contactat unwanted times.- Then again; the; safety edge does not have sensitivity to the degree required under the circumstances of actual usage, and as a practical matter, it has been found that the safety edge wilhfunction only ;when it engages an, object squarely in the path of the door. Thus, it is only when the topping force is substantially in line with the path of movement that the safety edge is rendered effective.

With the foregoing conditions in mind, the present invention has in view as its foremost objective, the provision of a safety edge for motor driven doors of the character indicated, which is highly sensitive, capable of stopping the motor even when objects are engaged at an angle and which includes new and improved contact elements which are not impaired by long service usage.

More in detail, the invention has as an object the provision of a safety edge, of the type aforesaid which consists essentially of cooperating elements of foam rubber which are mounted on the edge of the door in spaced relation to present confronting surfaces which are covered by improved contact elements. In carrying out this idea, one element of foam rubber, which for the purposes of this specification is called the base, is mounted directly on the door edge. Cooperating with the base is a second foam rubber element of U-shaped cross section which encloses the base and which has a curved or 2,843,690 Patented July 15, 1958 arched back that is spaced from the confronting face of the base. The electric contact elements are provided on the exposed faces of the base and the curved innerface of the back respectively.

Still another object in view, is to provide a safety edge structure of the character indicated which includes electrical contact elements, each of which comprises a laminated strip made up of an inner layer of asbestos which is covered by an appropriate metallic foil, such as aluminum.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a safety edge of the type noted, in which the cooperating foam rubber elements are maintained assembled on the door edge by an appropriate fabric casing.

Various other more detailed objects and advantages of the invention, such as arise in connection with carrying out the above noted ideas in a practical embodiment, will in part become apparent and in part be hereinafter stated as the description of the invention proceeds.

The invention, therefore, comprises a safety edge for motor driven doors which consists essentially of cooperating foam rubber elements presenting confronting faces in spaced relation with the facesbeing covered by electric contact elements in the form of asbestos strips covered with metallic foil, and a fabric casingwhich assembles the foam rubber elements on the door edge.

Fora full and more complete understanding. of, the

invention, referencemay be had to the following description and-accompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary view in elevation ofa portion of. a hangar. door which is provided with a safety edge designed in accordance with the preceptsof this larged scale, through one of the, contact stripsand about on the plane represented by the, line 3-3 of Figure 2; and

Figure 4 is a wiring diagram of an electricalcircuit. which, includes the. contact elements of. the safetyedge of this invention.

Referring now to the drawing, wherein like reference,-

characters denote corresponding parts,v and first more particularly to Figures 1 and. 2, a portion of a door such as a hangar doorv is therein illustratedand identified by the reference character-10.: It is to be understood that this door 10 is typical of anyv door. which is motor driv,en.,, The main .body; portion of the. door 10 ,includesan, edge; represented at 11 which is intendedto carry the safety;

edge of this invention. This safety edge is referred to in its entirety by the reference character E.

The safety edge E comprises a mounting strip 12 which may be of any appropriate material such as that from which the door proper 16 is made and which is secured along the edge 11, leaving spaces 13 on the opposite faces of the door, for a purpose to be later described. Carried by the mounting strip 12 is a base 14 of foam rubber. This base 14 is generally of rectangular cross section and is somewhat narrower than the mounted strip 12. It may consist of a single piece of foam rubber or it may be a laminated structure such as the three pieces illustrated in Figure 2.

Cooperating with the base 14 is a channel member of U-shaped cross section, comprising side walls 15 and 16 and a back 17. The walls 15 and 16 and back 17, are preferably integrally joined as a one-piece affair and the back 17 is arched or curved, as shown in Figure 2, to provide a space 18 between the back 17 and the base 14.

A fabric casing is shown at 19 and may be of any suitable material, although the invention has particularly in mind the use of vinyl coated nylon as the material from which the casing 19 is made. This casing 19 passes over the channel member with the base assembled therein, with the end edge portions being clamped in the recesses 13. The inner face of the curved back 17 of the channel member is covered by an electric contact strip, represented at 20. This strip 20 substantially covers the curved inner face of the back 17. The second contact strip 21 covers the exposed face of the base 14, leaving narrow edge portions at 22 which are uncovered.

Referring now more particularly to Figure 3, the detailed construction of the contact strips 20 and 21 will be described. Both of these contact strips are of the same construction and comprise an asbestos core 23 opposite faces of which are covered by a metallic foil, such as aluminium foil which is represented at 24 and 25.

Operation While the mode of operation of the safety edge above described is believed to be obvious from the illustration of the drawing and description of parts given, it may be briefly outlined as follows:

It will be first understood that the contact strips 20 and 21 are included in an appropriate electric circuit so that when any parts of these contact strips are brought into engagement with one another, a circuit is completed which will disable the motor that moves the door 10.

Figure 4 is illustrative of one circuit which may be employed, although it is to be clearly understood that this circuit is not a limitation on the invention.

The motor which moves the door is represented at 26. It is connected by lines 27 and 28, with an appropriate power source. A control switch 29 is shown for the purpose of energizing the motor as occasion demands. The contact strips 20 is shown as connected to the line 27 by line 30, while the contact strip 21 is connected to line 28 by another line 31. It is evident that when any portion of the strips 20 and 21 are brought into engagement with each other, the motor 26 will be short-circuited. The contact strips 20 and 21 could just as well be included in a circuit having a relay which controls the motor 26 and which relay would be energized by engagement of the strips 20 and 21 to open the circuit to the motor.

It is evident that when any portion of arched back 17 engages any object in the patch of movement of the door, either human or otherwise, and at any angle, the strips 20 and 21 will be brought into engagement to disable the motor 26.

The device is highly sensitive, because of the flexible and resilient characteristics of foam rubber, and this sensitivity is controlled by the size of the space or gap 18.

Obviously the various parts will be dimensioned, to accommodate the conditions of any particular installation so that the thicknesses of the foam rubber and the space 18 will provide the sensitivity required.

While a preferred specific embodiment of the invention is hereinbefore set forth it is to be clearly understood that the invention is not to be limited to the exact constructions, designs, and materials illustrated and described because various modifications of these details may be provided in putting the invention into practice within the purview of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a safety edge for a motor driven door, a base member of foam rubber, a channel member of foam rubber enclosing said base member and having a curved back, said members presenting confronting faces in spaced relation, and a contact'strip on each of said faces.

2. In a safety edge for a motor driven door, a mounting strip adapted to be secured to the edge of a door, a base member of foam rubber carried by said mounting strip and having a width less than that of the mounting strip, a U-shaped channel member of foam rubber having side walls engaging said base member and a curved back, said back and base member having confronting faces in spaced relation, and contact strips covering said confronting faces.

3. In a safety edge for a motor driven door a base member of foam rubber having a substantially rectangular cross section and an exposed face, a contact strip on said exposed face leaving uncovered margins at either side thereof, a U-shaped channel member of foam rubber having side walls engaging said base member and an arched back having a curved inner face spaced from said channel member and a contact strip fully covering said curved inner face of said back.

4. In a safety edge for a motor driven door, a mounting strip, a base member of foam rubber carried by said mounting strip, a U-shaped channel member of foam rubber receiving said base member and having a curved back spaced from the base member, said back and base member presenting confronting faces in spaced relation, contact strips on said confronting faces, and a fabric casig enclosig said channel member and assembling said channel member with the base member therein on said mounting strip.

5. In asafety edge for a motor driven door, cooperating elements of foam rubber presenting confronting faces in spaced relation, and contact strips on said faces, each of said contact strips comprising an asbestos core covered by metallic foil.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,595,291 Ramsey et a1. May 6, 1952 2,687,721 Ellison Aug. 31, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 402,446 Great Britain Nov. 30, 1933

US2843690A 1956-10-18 1956-10-18 Safety edge for hangar door Expired - Lifetime US2843690A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2843690A US2843690A (en) 1956-10-18 1956-10-18 Safety edge for hangar door

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2843690A US2843690A (en) 1956-10-18 1956-10-18 Safety edge for hangar door

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2843690A true US2843690A (en) 1958-07-15

Family

ID=24470739

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2843690A Expired - Lifetime US2843690A (en) 1956-10-18 1956-10-18 Safety edge for hangar door

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2843690A (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3056628A (en) * 1959-04-29 1962-10-02 Golde Hans Electric circuit making and breaking device for the sliding panel of a vehicle roof
US3133167A (en) * 1961-04-06 1964-05-12 Miller Bros Safety edge for power operated door
US3210496A (en) * 1962-12-10 1965-10-05 Gary Robert Safety edge for hangar and other large doors
US3260812A (en) * 1964-01-31 1966-07-12 Miller Bros Pneumatic safety edge for power operated doors
US3303303A (en) * 1964-10-02 1967-02-07 Miller Bros Pneumatic safety edge for power operated door
US3478311A (en) * 1967-11-22 1969-11-11 Janos Czingula Automobile parking accident alarm system
US3868000A (en) * 1973-12-18 1975-02-25 Westinghouse Electric Corp Closure system
US4810944A (en) * 1986-10-30 1989-03-07 Jeff Chance Interior protection system
US4908554A (en) * 1986-10-30 1990-03-13 Jeff Chance Moisture sensing apparatus and interior protection system
US5027552A (en) * 1990-08-16 1991-07-02 Miller Edge, Inc. Redundant sensing edge for a door for detecting an object in proximity to the door edge
US5066835A (en) * 1990-09-19 1991-11-19 Miller Edge, Inc. Sensing edge
US5148911A (en) * 1991-10-31 1992-09-22 Miller Edge, Inc. Sensing edge switch
US5192381A (en) * 1990-12-27 1993-03-09 Techstrip Inc. Power door sensing strip
US5259143A (en) * 1992-04-17 1993-11-09 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Astragal for closure members
US5589811A (en) * 1995-06-22 1996-12-31 Techstrip, Inc. Power door safety sensing strip
US5780940A (en) * 1996-09-12 1998-07-14 Air Check Corp. Hot wire safety switch
US5832665A (en) * 1996-04-29 1998-11-10 Miller Edge, Inc. Sensing edge
US20040050379A1 (en) * 2002-06-24 2004-03-18 Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgerate Gmbh Cooking device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB402446A (en) * 1932-05-31 1933-11-30 Reginald Eric Ollerenshaw Improvements in or relating to automatic burglar alarms
US2595291A (en) * 1947-01-30 1952-05-06 Thomas B Ramsey Door controller
US2687721A (en) * 1951-06-08 1954-08-31 Joe Weidum Micturition curative device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB402446A (en) * 1932-05-31 1933-11-30 Reginald Eric Ollerenshaw Improvements in or relating to automatic burglar alarms
US2595291A (en) * 1947-01-30 1952-05-06 Thomas B Ramsey Door controller
US2687721A (en) * 1951-06-08 1954-08-31 Joe Weidum Micturition curative device

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3056628A (en) * 1959-04-29 1962-10-02 Golde Hans Electric circuit making and breaking device for the sliding panel of a vehicle roof
US3133167A (en) * 1961-04-06 1964-05-12 Miller Bros Safety edge for power operated door
US3210496A (en) * 1962-12-10 1965-10-05 Gary Robert Safety edge for hangar and other large doors
US3260812A (en) * 1964-01-31 1966-07-12 Miller Bros Pneumatic safety edge for power operated doors
US3303303A (en) * 1964-10-02 1967-02-07 Miller Bros Pneumatic safety edge for power operated door
US3478311A (en) * 1967-11-22 1969-11-11 Janos Czingula Automobile parking accident alarm system
US3868000A (en) * 1973-12-18 1975-02-25 Westinghouse Electric Corp Closure system
US4810944A (en) * 1986-10-30 1989-03-07 Jeff Chance Interior protection system
US4908554A (en) * 1986-10-30 1990-03-13 Jeff Chance Moisture sensing apparatus and interior protection system
US5027552A (en) * 1990-08-16 1991-07-02 Miller Edge, Inc. Redundant sensing edge for a door for detecting an object in proximity to the door edge
US5066835A (en) * 1990-09-19 1991-11-19 Miller Edge, Inc. Sensing edge
US5192381A (en) * 1990-12-27 1993-03-09 Techstrip Inc. Power door sensing strip
US5148911A (en) * 1991-10-31 1992-09-22 Miller Edge, Inc. Sensing edge switch
US5259143A (en) * 1992-04-17 1993-11-09 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Astragal for closure members
US5481076A (en) * 1992-04-17 1996-01-02 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Astragal for closure members
US5589811A (en) * 1995-06-22 1996-12-31 Techstrip, Inc. Power door safety sensing strip
US5832665A (en) * 1996-04-29 1998-11-10 Miller Edge, Inc. Sensing edge
US5780940A (en) * 1996-09-12 1998-07-14 Air Check Corp. Hot wire safety switch
US20040050379A1 (en) * 2002-06-24 2004-03-18 Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgerate Gmbh Cooking device
US6883515B2 (en) * 2002-06-24 2005-04-26 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte, GmbH Cooking device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3403474A (en) Actuator mechanism for movable closure
US3260788A (en) Magnetic radio frequency seal for shielded enclosures
US3243540A (en) Electric mat switch
US3777423A (en) Condition responsive door holder-closer
US3969572A (en) Electromagnetic interference shielding gasket for light-weight equipment enclosures
US3855733A (en) Sensitive edge for a door
US3315050A (en) Safety door-edge construction
US4590710A (en) Seal for a shielding enclosure with opening
US3569645A (en) Tamperproof switch devices for burglar alarm systems, affording cordless connections across protected station separations
US5183714A (en) Battery casing
US2797104A (en) Laterally extensible foot support for motor vehicles
US2891289A (en) Safety astragal for freight elevator doors
JPS5384855A (en) Conveying installation for strip coil
US3349517A (en) Window assembly including a storm sash and storm sash latch
GB2085519B (en) Mounting sliders on closure strips
JPS529750A (en) Closed rolling bearing having closing element
US5319250A (en) Pushless run bar with electronics
DE2547818A1 (en) Wall fire sealed doorway closure - has frame mounted movable sealing element overlapping conveyor opening all round
US3509360A (en) Safety-stop device
JPS58165950A (en) Automatic cover closing and opening device of machining center
DE2425898A1 (en) Method of opening electrical contacts - has electrical operated ram and formed link connected to protection screen
US1973210A (en) Automatic compensating device for sealing openings around doors, windows, and the like
US2516163A (en) Control switch
US2734123A (en) gerber
GB2010448A (en) Safety valve assembly