US2809774A - Pressure-feed device - Google Patents

Pressure-feed device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2809774A
US2809774A US46687654A US2809774A US 2809774 A US2809774 A US 2809774A US 46687654 A US46687654 A US 46687654A US 2809774 A US2809774 A US 2809774A
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Prior art keywords
pressure
piston
chamber
material
container
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Expired - Lifetime
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Kaye Joseph
James B Reswick
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Alf K Berle
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/60Contents and propellant separated
    • B65D83/64Contents and propellant separated by piston
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K5/00Holders or dispensers for soap, toothpaste, or the like
    • A47K5/06Dispensers for soap
    • A47K5/12Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap
    • A47K5/1201Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap hand-carried

Description

Oct. 15, 1957 J. KAYE El AL PRESSUREFEED DEVICE.

Filed Nov. 4, 1954 VEIVTORS 11v JOSEPH KAYE JAMES B. RESWICK ATTORNEYS v United States PRESSURE-FEED DEVICE Joseph Kaye, Brookline, and James B. Reswick, Wellesley, Mass, assignors of twenty-five percent to Ali K. Eerie, Dedham, Mass.

Application November 4, 1954, Serial No. 466,876

7 Claims. (Cl. 222-263) The present invention relates to pressure-feed devices and more particularly to devices for propelling or dispensing a material by means of an enclosed source of gas or vapor under pressure.

An example of a device of this character is the familiar dispensing container adapted to dispense shaving cream, paint or other material when a valve is manually opened. The propelling source comprises a gas or vapor contained under pressure within the dispenser and usually mixed with the material to be dispensed.

This usual form of dispenser has many disadvantages, particularly in the possibility of loss of pressure fluid through the valve with consequent wastage of the contents. Furthermore this type of container has been found not to work satisfactorily with thick or viscous materials, of which toothpaste is an example, since the high pressures necessary for expulsion of the paste result in diffusion of the gas through the paste or channeling of the gas around the paste with consequent loss of pressure and wastage of the contents.

The present invention has for its object the construction of a pressure-operated propelling or dispensing apparatus in which materials of substantially any viscosity can be handled and without loss of pressure or appreciable wastage of contents.

With this object in view the present invention comprises as its principal feature the combination of a container having a semi-flexible piston with the material to be dispensed on one side and the pressure-source material on the other, in combination with a spring acting on the piston in such a manner that the material to be dispensed is maintained under an excess pressure over the pressure-source material. The construction of the device will presently be described in detail.

The accompanying drawing is a sectional elevation of a device embodying the principles of the present invention.

The illustrated embodiment of the invention comprises a dispensing container constructed for the dispensing of a thick viscous material such as, for example, toothpaste, although it may be applied to other materials and to other types of apparatus. As shown in the drawing, the device comprises a cylindrical can 2 of more or less conventional form having a cap 4 with a manually operable dispensing valve 6 of any suitable type. For purposes of completeness the valve 6 is described as a tube mounted in a rubber eyelet or grommet 8 in the cap 4 and having a central passage 10 communicating with a number of radial grooves 12 formed in the upper side of a head portion 14 of the valve. A helical spring 15 holds the valve outwardly. Material contained within the can under pressure will be dispensed through the passages 12 and 10 whenever the tube is pushed inwardly or rocked to one side.

According to the present invention the can 2 is provided with a piston 16 of semi-flexible material, such as polyethylene. The piston has a central portion 18 with a depression 20 which is of a size to surround the head ice 14 of the tube 10 as the contents of the can are exhausted. The underside of the piston is provided with a circular groove 22 to accommodate the upper end of a compression spring as will hereinafter be described. The piston is provided with a downwardly extending side wall 24 which terminates in an upwardly extending lip 26 adapted to fit smoothly within the can. The lip 26 is thin and flexible at its upper end and therefore presents toward the upper part of the can an annular hollow space 28 which, as will presently be described, serves as a means for tightly sealing the lip 26 against the side wall of the can.

The bottom of the can is closed by a bottom head 30 which is sealed into the can by a conventional sealing lip 32. A filling grommet 34 of flexible rubberlike material is provided at the center of the head 30, to permit introduction of the pressure-source material.

A coiled compression spring 36, of general helical form but tapering upwardly, bears at its lower end against the head 30 and at its upper end is received within the annular groove 22 heretofore described.

The can is filled with the material to be dispensed, say toothpaste. The filling operation may be conveniently accomplished in a completely assembled can by forcing the paste in through the valve 6; a needle may be inserted in the grommet to relieve the air under the piston. Alternatively the can may be filled through the bottom before the cap 4 and bottom head 30 are applied; then the entire assembly is completed and sealed. Whatever method of filling the paste is used, the pressure material is then inserted through the filling grommet 34 by means of a filling needle. The material comprises Freon preferably, which has a high vapor pressure at room temperature conditions. If necessary, the Freon may be chilled; in any event it is sufiicient to introduce it under a pressure greater than its vapor pressure at the filling temperature. After filling, a quantity of the pressure material exists in liquid form in the bottom of the can and its vapor overlies the liquid. The quantity of pressuresource material is such that some liquid will remain in the can at normal temperatures when the can is completely empty of the paste, thus insuring that a substantially constant vapor pressure is available throughout the useful life of the device.

The drawing shows the position of the piston 16 at a time when a part of the contents has been dispensed. The piston may be considered to divide the can into an upper and a lower chamber, the former for the contents to be dispensed and the latter for the pressure-source material. If it were not for the spring 36, the pressure in the upper chamber would be the same as that in the lower chamber, namely, the vapor pressure of the Freon. Under such conditions the piston would be in balance and there would be a tendency for Freon to leak past the lip 26 into the upper chamber. This leakage would tend to occur Whenever the valve 6 was operated since the fric tion of the piston against the wall of the can would inhibit its movement and the relief of pressure at the top due to the opening of the valve would cause the Freon vapor to find a path around the lip 26. However, because of the presence of the spring 36, the hydrostatic pressure on the top of the piston is greater than the vapor pressure on the bottom. This is due to the fact that the total force exerted on the bottom is the sum of the spring force and the force due to the pressure of the Freon vapor. The, only force acting on the upper face of the piston is that due to the hydrostatic pressure of the paste. Since the total forces on top and bottom must be equal for equilibrium, this means that the hydrostatic pressure on the top is necessarily greater than the vapor pressure on the bottom. Hence there is no possibility for the vapor to flow upwardly around the piston lip. Any tendency for flow between chambers is' in the opposite direction. However, when a viscous material, such as toothpaste, is contained in the upper chamber its flow is resisted by the viscosity of the material itself. Furthermore, the sealing Space 28'which7is filled with the contents under pressure causes expansion of the lip 26 into tight contact with the walls of the can and prevents any downflow; and this action occurs even in the case of relatively non-viscous materials in the upper-chamber of the can.

The spring is of such strength that it is capable of applying a definite force to the piston even when the piston is at the upper limit of its movement. The condition by which the excess of pressure is exerted on the piston in a downward direction exists throughout the entire useful life of the container. When the valve 6 is openedithe. contents are dispensed by reason of the pressure differential between the upper chamber and the atmosphere, and the piston travels upwardly. Under conditions of piston movement, the forces acting on the piston are not, strictly speaking, in equilibrium, since the total force acting on the bottom of the piston must exceed the force acting on the top by an amount necessary to overcome friction. between the piston and the container, and also by an amount necessary to accelerate the piston (which latter, however, may usually be considered negligible, because of the slow rate of motion). In any event, the spring will be sufficiently strong to insure that the excess of hydrostatic pressure is always in a downward direction, whether under static or dynamic conditions.

It will be understood that the descriptive designations upper and lower, and similar terms used herein, refer to the drawing, and not to the orientation of the dispenser itself, since the device may be used in any position, and the pressure conditions are independent of position.

Although the invention has been described as adapted for the dispensing of materials from a container for domestic use, as, for example, for toothpaste and similar materials, it may be understood that it is equally applicable to apparatus for propelling and dispensing liquids and pastes of any character regardless of the shape or size of the container or the viscosity characteristics of the material being propelled.

Having thus described the invention, we claim:

1. 'A pressure feed dispensingdevice comprising a container having a cylindrical portion, a piston received in thecylindrical portion of the container to .divide said portion into 9. contents chamber and a pressure chamber, a valve for dispensing of material from the contents chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed against the atmosphere and containing a pressure-source material permanently producing in the pressure chamber a super-' atmospheriepressure by presence of vaportherein, the pressure-source material acting at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, and resilient means in one of the chambers acting on the piston to urge it toward the valve, whereby the hydro- 7 static pressure of the material in the contents chamber is greater than the pressure of the vapor in the pressure chamber.

2. A dispensing container as defined in claim 1 in which the piston is formed with a flexible sealing lip against the container and an annular hollow space facing into the contents chamber to seal the lip against the container.

3, A pressure feed dispensing device comprising a con tainer having a cylindrical portion, a piston received in the cylindrical portion of the container to divide said portion into a contents chamber and a pressure chamber, a valve for dispensing of material from the contents chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed against the atmosphere and containing a supply of liquid permanently producing a superatmospheric vapor pressure which acts at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, and resilient means in one of the chambers acting on the piston to urge it toward the valve, whereby the hydrostatic pressure of the material in the contents chamber is greater than the vapor pressure in the pressure chamber.

4. A pressure feed dispensing device comprising a container having a cylindrical portion, a piston received in the cylindrical portion of the container to divide said portion into a contents chamber and a pressure chamber, a valve for dispensing of material from the contents chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed against the atmosphere and containing a pressure-source material permanently producing in the pressure chamber a superatmospheric pressure by presence of vapor therein, the

pressure source material acting at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, and a spring in the pressure chamber under compression at all times to apply to the piston 21 force in a direction toward the valve, whereby the hydrostatic pressure of the material in the contents chamber is greater than the pressure of the vapor in the pressure chamber.

5. A dispensing container as defined in claim 4 in which the piston is formed with a flexible sealing hp against the container and an annular hollow space facing into the contents chamber to seal the lip against the container.

6. A pressure feed dispensing device comprising a container having a cylindrical portion, a piston received in the cylindricalportion of the container .to divide said portion into a. contents chamber and a pressure chamber, a valve for dispensing of material from the contents chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed against the atmosphere and containing a supply of liquid permanently producing a superatmospheric vapor pressure which acts at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, and a spring in the pressure chamber under compression at all times to apply to the piston a force in a direction toward the valve, whereby the hydrostatic pressure of the material in the contents chamber is greater than the vapor pressure in the pressure chamber.

7. A dispensing container as defined in claim 6 in which the piston is formed with a flexible sealing lip against the container and an annular hollow space facing into the contents chamber to seal the lip against the container.

References Cited in the file of this patent V UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,040,476

US2809774A 1954-11-04 1954-11-04 Pressure-feed device Expired - Lifetime US2809774A (en)

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US2809774A US2809774A (en) 1954-11-04 1954-11-04 Pressure-feed device
GB3140155A GB794677A (en) 1954-11-04 1955-11-02 Pressure-feed device

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3022923A (en) * 1958-03-21 1962-02-27 American Can Co Dispensing container for viscous products
US3044413A (en) * 1959-09-21 1962-07-17 Drackett Co Pump pistons
US3099370A (en) * 1958-12-24 1963-07-30 American Can Co Dispensing container for viscous products
US3112846A (en) * 1959-12-21 1963-12-03 American Can Co Aerosol can package
US3117699A (en) * 1961-04-14 1964-01-14 Colgate Palmolive Co Pressure dispenser with propellant developed in situ
US3179309A (en) * 1960-11-28 1965-04-20 Procter & Gamble Tape valve for pressurized containers
US3189231A (en) * 1963-01-16 1965-06-15 Fmc Corp Aerosol dispenser with sponge follower and method of making same
US3201003A (en) * 1964-01-27 1965-08-17 John D Wark Dispensing container
US3224158A (en) * 1962-02-05 1965-12-21 Procter & Gamble Method for packaging pressure feed devices
US3240391A (en) * 1962-07-17 1966-03-15 Merlin E Garton Spray container
DE1218480B (en) * 1962-02-05 1966-06-08 Procter & Gamble A method for filling and sealing of a pressurized container
US3297207A (en) * 1964-04-28 1967-01-10 Ballin Gene Collapsible tubes with follower and the method of filling thereof
US3337091A (en) * 1966-02-11 1967-08-22 Continental Can Co Dispensing container and charging valve therefor
US3365105A (en) * 1966-01-07 1968-01-23 Continental Can Co Dispensing container and charging valve therefor
US3377003A (en) * 1967-01-04 1968-04-09 Sonoco Products Co Dispensing container
US3421664A (en) * 1967-05-09 1969-01-14 Gk Ind Inc Pressurized dispensing container and method of filling same
DE1575062B1 (en) * 1966-05-10 1972-12-07 Sterigard Corp Druckbehaelter for receiving an active ingredient and a blowing agent
US3915346A (en) * 1973-01-04 1975-10-28 Sale Tilney Ag Adhesive block
US4132332A (en) * 1972-11-14 1979-01-02 Victor Wassilieff Containers for pressurized fluids, in particular for dispensing aerosols
US4508244A (en) * 1981-11-06 1985-04-02 Polypag A.G. Pressure can for application of mounting foams, in particular, single-component polyurethane foams
US4623330A (en) * 1982-02-16 1986-11-18 Laby Ralph H Gas diffusion-limited controlled release devices
US4645098A (en) * 1984-02-16 1987-02-24 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Press-out piston for dispensing substance from a container
WO1989005773A1 (en) * 1987-12-22 1989-06-29 Abplanalp Robert H Improved valved plastic pressure container
DE3742733A1 (en) * 1987-12-17 1989-06-29 Hansjoachim Dr Med Witzel Spray can
DE3733522A1 (en) * 1987-10-03 1989-07-13 Neumann Wolfgang N Propellant gas-free spray can with sealed gaseous energy accumulator which replaces the propellant gases which are conventionally used and escape into the environment
US4877157A (en) * 1986-02-06 1989-10-31 Stacos Di Saulle Lorenzo E Pontarollo Luciana S.N.C. Dispenser for fluid products
US5088630A (en) * 1987-11-11 1992-02-18 Dow Corning S.A. Sealant cartridge with resilient bellows
US5139178A (en) * 1987-11-11 1992-08-18 Dow Corning S.A. Sealant cartridge under pressure during storage
US5746357A (en) * 1996-04-22 1998-05-05 Essex Specialty Products, Inc. Plunger and apparatus useful in extruding or dispensing viscous materials
EP2028131A2 (en) * 2007-08-24 2009-02-25 Werner, Hans Jürgen Solid matter valve
US20110259845A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2011-10-27 Boehringer Ingelheim International Gmbh Package in the form of a bottle comprising a cushioning means disposed therein
WO2011153914A1 (en) * 2010-06-07 2011-12-15 珠海天威飞马打印耗材有限公司 Ink filling device

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2250803A (en) * 1990-10-19 1992-06-17 Stephen Charles Crooks A re-usable,air pressurized tranquilliser dart

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1040476A (en) * 1912-06-01 1912-10-08 William H Wehrenberg Oil or grease gun.
US1407657A (en) * 1922-02-21 johansun
US1584863A (en) * 1924-01-28 1926-05-18 Dry Ice Corp Grease gun
US1926399A (en) * 1932-07-18 1933-09-12 Aro Equipment Corp Lubricant reservoir and follower construction
US2585286A (en) * 1949-05-02 1952-02-12 Margaret L Tubbs Resilient valve in rigid wall portions of containers
US2592613A (en) * 1947-06-07 1952-04-15 Snyder Oil Tool Corp Self-compensating accumulator
US2615597A (en) * 1948-09-27 1952-10-28 Reddi Wip Inc Dispensing valve for liquid and gas containers

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1407657A (en) * 1922-02-21 johansun
US1040476A (en) * 1912-06-01 1912-10-08 William H Wehrenberg Oil or grease gun.
US1584863A (en) * 1924-01-28 1926-05-18 Dry Ice Corp Grease gun
US1926399A (en) * 1932-07-18 1933-09-12 Aro Equipment Corp Lubricant reservoir and follower construction
US2592613A (en) * 1947-06-07 1952-04-15 Snyder Oil Tool Corp Self-compensating accumulator
US2615597A (en) * 1948-09-27 1952-10-28 Reddi Wip Inc Dispensing valve for liquid and gas containers
US2585286A (en) * 1949-05-02 1952-02-12 Margaret L Tubbs Resilient valve in rigid wall portions of containers

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3022923A (en) * 1958-03-21 1962-02-27 American Can Co Dispensing container for viscous products
US3099370A (en) * 1958-12-24 1963-07-30 American Can Co Dispensing container for viscous products
US3044413A (en) * 1959-09-21 1962-07-17 Drackett Co Pump pistons
US3112846A (en) * 1959-12-21 1963-12-03 American Can Co Aerosol can package
US3179309A (en) * 1960-11-28 1965-04-20 Procter & Gamble Tape valve for pressurized containers
US3117699A (en) * 1961-04-14 1964-01-14 Colgate Palmolive Co Pressure dispenser with propellant developed in situ
US3224158A (en) * 1962-02-05 1965-12-21 Procter & Gamble Method for packaging pressure feed devices
DE1218480B (en) * 1962-02-05 1966-06-08 Procter & Gamble A method for filling and sealing of a pressurized container
US3240391A (en) * 1962-07-17 1966-03-15 Merlin E Garton Spray container
US3189231A (en) * 1963-01-16 1965-06-15 Fmc Corp Aerosol dispenser with sponge follower and method of making same
US3201003A (en) * 1964-01-27 1965-08-17 John D Wark Dispensing container
US3297207A (en) * 1964-04-28 1967-01-10 Ballin Gene Collapsible tubes with follower and the method of filling thereof
US3365105A (en) * 1966-01-07 1968-01-23 Continental Can Co Dispensing container and charging valve therefor
US3337091A (en) * 1966-02-11 1967-08-22 Continental Can Co Dispensing container and charging valve therefor
DE1575062B1 (en) * 1966-05-10 1972-12-07 Sterigard Corp Druckbehaelter for receiving an active ingredient and a blowing agent
US3377003A (en) * 1967-01-04 1968-04-09 Sonoco Products Co Dispensing container
US3421664A (en) * 1967-05-09 1969-01-14 Gk Ind Inc Pressurized dispensing container and method of filling same
US4132332A (en) * 1972-11-14 1979-01-02 Victor Wassilieff Containers for pressurized fluids, in particular for dispensing aerosols
US3915346A (en) * 1973-01-04 1975-10-28 Sale Tilney Ag Adhesive block
US4508244A (en) * 1981-11-06 1985-04-02 Polypag A.G. Pressure can for application of mounting foams, in particular, single-component polyurethane foams
US4623330A (en) * 1982-02-16 1986-11-18 Laby Ralph H Gas diffusion-limited controlled release devices
US4645098A (en) * 1984-02-16 1987-02-24 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Press-out piston for dispensing substance from a container
US4877157A (en) * 1986-02-06 1989-10-31 Stacos Di Saulle Lorenzo E Pontarollo Luciana S.N.C. Dispenser for fluid products
DE3733522A1 (en) * 1987-10-03 1989-07-13 Neumann Wolfgang N Propellant gas-free spray can with sealed gaseous energy accumulator which replaces the propellant gases which are conventionally used and escape into the environment
US5088630A (en) * 1987-11-11 1992-02-18 Dow Corning S.A. Sealant cartridge with resilient bellows
US5139178A (en) * 1987-11-11 1992-08-18 Dow Corning S.A. Sealant cartridge under pressure during storage
DE3742733A1 (en) * 1987-12-17 1989-06-29 Hansjoachim Dr Med Witzel Spray can
WO1989005773A1 (en) * 1987-12-22 1989-06-29 Abplanalp Robert H Improved valved plastic pressure container
US5746357A (en) * 1996-04-22 1998-05-05 Essex Specialty Products, Inc. Plunger and apparatus useful in extruding or dispensing viscous materials
EP2028131A2 (en) * 2007-08-24 2009-02-25 Werner, Hans Jürgen Solid matter valve
US20090078903A1 (en) * 2007-08-24 2009-03-26 Mihaly Rideg Solid material valve
EP2028131A3 (en) * 2007-08-24 2010-05-26 Werner, Hans Jürgen Solid matter valve
US8418996B2 (en) 2007-08-24 2013-04-16 Hans Jurgen Werner Solid material valve
US20110259845A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2011-10-27 Boehringer Ingelheim International Gmbh Package in the form of a bottle comprising a cushioning means disposed therein
WO2011153914A1 (en) * 2010-06-07 2011-12-15 珠海天威飞马打印耗材有限公司 Ink filling device

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