US2788850A - Control for automatic washing machines - Google Patents

Control for automatic washing machines Download PDF

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Publication number
US2788850A
US2788850A US371254A US37125453A US2788850A US 2788850 A US2788850 A US 2788850A US 371254 A US371254 A US 371254A US 37125453 A US37125453 A US 37125453A US 2788850 A US2788850 A US 2788850A
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United States
Prior art keywords
switch
indexing
impulse
switches
motor
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Expired - Lifetime
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US371254A
Inventor
Leuenberger Gottfried
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Ad Schulthess & Co A G
Ad Schulthess & Co AG
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Ad Schulthess & Co A G
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Application filed by Ad Schulthess & Co A G filed Critical Ad Schulthess & Co A G
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H43/00Time or time-programme switches providing a choice of time intervals for executing one or more switching actions and automatically terminating their operations after the programme is completed
    • H01H43/10Time or time-programme switches providing a choice of time intervals for executing one or more switching actions and automatically terminating their operations after the programme is completed with timing of actuation of contacts due to a part rotating at substantially constant speed
    • H01H43/12Time or time-programme switches providing a choice of time intervals for executing one or more switching actions and automatically terminating their operations after the programme is completed with timing of actuation of contacts due to a part rotating at substantially constant speed stopping automatically after a single cycle of operation
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F33/00Control of operations performed in washing machines or washer-dryers 
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F34/00Details of control systems for washing machines, washer-dryers or laundry dryers
    • D06F34/08Control circuits or arrangements thereof
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F2204/00Output, e.g. controlled quantity
    • D06F2204/04Heating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/21Elements
    • Y10T74/2101Cams

Description

A ril 16, 1957 G. LEUENBERGER 2,783,850
CONTROL FOR AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINES 1 Filed July 30, 1955 /N VE/V 7'0 R G OTTFR 123p LEUENBEZEGER A T TOR/V576 CONTROL FOR AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINES Gottfried Leuenberger, Schlieren, Switzerland, assignor to Ad. Schulthess & Co. A. G., Zurich, Switzerland, a firm Application July 30, 1953, Serial No. 371,254
Claims priority, application Switzerland August 19, 1952 2 Claims. (Cl. 161-1) In the devices which have become known, e. g. timers for fully automatic washing machines, contactors are used for the control of the heating elements, washing and swing motors. The use of contactors makes the switching device for the automatic process complicated and expensive.
The object of the present invention is to provide a device for the direct switching of polyphase A. C., in particular for use in washing machines with heating arrangement and A. C. motors. In this invention, a rotating multipole-switch for the entire load for heating and A. C. motors and an impulse switch for the control of the water inlet and outlet cocks are actuated by a mechanical indexing device. This device is operated by a cam disc rotating in any desired interval of time, driven by a motor and working against a spring. Before the rotating switch indexes to the next station, the impulse is transmitted to the group of switches of the rotating switch, which actuates the various functions of the process according to its actual position.
The drawing shows diagrammatically an example of a design of the object of the present invention, with a diagram of connections.
Fig. 1 shows a plan view of the automatic indexing device, with the indexing lever in the released position, immediately after the barrel switch has been indexed forward to a station,
Fig. 2 shows a plan view of the switch dial, with the knob of the barrel switch,
Fig. 3 shows the appropriate wiring diagram of a fully automatic washing machine.
The arrangement shown here, also called a timer, for the direct switching of polyphase A. C. comprises an indexing device which employs purely mechanical means and is assembled on a base plate 1 fixed immediately above the barrel switch inside the casing of the washing machine. The device is provided with an indexing lever 2, shaped like a hook and pivoting on a pin 3. The lever 2 is pulled by a spring 4, fixed to the free end of the lever, against a cam disc 5. The cam disc 5 is fixed to a shaft 6, and to which is also fixed a gear wheel 7. The gear wheel 7 meshes with a pinion 8, driven over reduction gearing by a timer motor TM, e. g. by a synchronous motor. The indexing lever 2 presses a follower-roller 9 against the cam disc 5. The follower-roller is supported on a bolt through the lever 2. 10 denotes the shaft of a rotating barrel switch, to which an indexing ratchet wheel 11 with 18 teeth is fixed. The indexing ratchet 11 engages with a pawl 12, supported on a pin 13 of the indexing lever 2. The pawl 12 is pressed by a spring 14 against the indexing ratchet wheel 11. An eccentric cam 15 is supported on a bolt 16 at the knee of the hook-shaped indexing lever 2, so that the eccentric cam 15 can be turned and set to any position. The eccentric cam 15 functions as the actuating device for an impulse switch 17 (1. S.) mounted on the base plate 1. The shaft 10 of the rotating barrel switch is taken through the casing of the washing machine and is provided outside the wall of the nited States Patent 0 casing with the knob 18, which enables the barrel switch to be turned through 18 indexing stations. This will keep the single switches T. M and AV or the groups of switches WM, H or S open or closed for short or long intervals, according to the shape and angular position of the switching cams of the shaft 10 of the barrel switch. Through the closed switches or groups of switches the current impulses of the impulse switch can be admitted to the switches EV=water inlet, TM timer motor and A =outlet cock. Although the current impulses.
of the impulse switch 17 IS are emitted once during each straining motion of the indexing lever 2, they can be transmitted only through the closed switches or groups of switches of the barrel switch, so that a transmission is possible only in definite positions of the barrel switch through the group of switches.
The timer motor for the drive of the indexing device for the automatic indexing of the barrel switch can be switched on by turning the knob 18 (Fig. 2) from the position 0 to At this point the cam disc 5 begins to rotate slowly and the indexing lever 2 is strained. During this phase the impulse switch 17 is closed, sooner or later, according to the position of the eccentric cam 15. At the end of the straining movement the indexing lever 2 drops at a high speed into its starting position, owing to the discontinuity of the spiral-shaped profile of the cam disc and to the strong pull of the spring 4 (Fig. 1). This return motion opens the impulse switch again and at the same time the indexing pawl 12 moves the shaft 10 of the barrel switch by one tooth of the indexing ratchet wheel 11 into position 2. Now again the indexing lever 2 slowly stretches its return-spring, closing the impulse switch 17 again, until the indexing lever finally drops back, opening the impulse switch and indexing the barrel switch forward into position 3. In this manner the actuations of the indexing device are automatically repeated until the switch has run through the 18 indexing stations in accordance with the number of indexing teeth, until it arrives again in the 0 position, when the timer motor is switched off, so that the automatic indexing device is stopped.
The working process is fully automatic, and it is determined by the shape and the relative angular positions of the switching cams on the shaft 10 of the barrel switch. The sequence of the various operations in the process is easily explained with the aid of the illustrations in Figs. 2 and 3. After the things which have to be washed, have been placed in the machine, the knob 18 is turned from 0 to 1, so that the washing machine is started, i. e. the washing motor, controlled by the three upper switches WM and the heating, controlled by three further switches H and the timer motor, controlled by the switch TM, are started. The timer motor drives the automatic indexing device. During the outward movement of the indexing lever 2 the impulse switch 17 IS is closed. In this case the current impulse is transmitted through the Water level switch Wst and the groups of switches to the switch EV for the water inlet cock, so that the water inlet is opened. The position 1 is designated by the letters VW, preliminary washing. By the opening of the water inlet cock the amount of detergent required for the preliminary washing is introduced into the tub. When the tub has been filled up with fresh water, the water level switch Wst interrupts the current impulse to the switch of the inlet cock, so that the water inlet cock closes. When the indexing lever 2 is in the fully strained position, the impulse switch is opened again and, at the same time, the barrel switch is indexed forward to position 2. When the barrel switch has reached position 3, the impulse switch will open the water out let cock AV and then close it again. In position 4" the tub is filled again with fresh water by the action of a current impulse on the inlet cock, at the same time the next current impulse, over the switch EV of the water 7 inlet cock, with fresh Water. When position 16 has been reached the washing motor WM is switched ofi and the swing motor SM is switched on. At the same time, the water outlet is opened by'the next current impulse over from the impulse switch over the group of switches, and closed again after the tub has been emptied. The swinging-out of the washing is finished when position 0 has been reached; in this position all switches are switched off. 7 a
While the invention has been described in detail with respect to a now preferred example and embodiment of the invention it will be understood by those skilled in the art after understanding the invention, that various changes and modifications may be made Without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention and it is intended, therefore, to cover all such changes and modifications in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. A'control system for electrical Washing machine apparatus having a definite number of different circuit connections tobe established in predetermined sequence whereby closure of each circuit connection controls actuation of a difierent operation of a plurality of successive operations of a washing machine, comprising: a stepping switch having an initial open circuited position and a number of subsequent circuit-controlling step positions, manually operable means for stepping said switch from said initial position to a first step position to close a circuit through a timer motor, mechanical stepping means controlled by said motor for stepping said switch through its successive circuit controlling positions as said motor rotates, at a rate determined by the speed of the motor, an impulse switch, mechanical actuating means operated by said motor for closing and opening said impulse switch once during each step of said stepping switch, circuit connections established through said impulse switch alone and other circuit connections established through said impulse switch in series with said stepping switch at predetermined positions of said switch to perform varied washing machine operations, and further circuit connections established through said stepping switch alone at predetermined positions of said switch to perform other washing machine operations, and means for opening all said circuits, including the timer motor circuit, when said stepping switch returns to its initial position, said stepping switch comprising a rotary multipole switch having a entral shaft, said means for stepping the switch comprising a ratchet Wheel fixed to said shaft, an oscillatory pivoted member carrying a pawl engageable with said ratchet wheel to step said wheel on successive oscillations of said pivoted member, a cam follower on said oscillatory pivoted member, and a cam driven by said timer motor against said cam follower for oscillating said pivoted member as the timer motor revolves, said means for opening and closing the impulse switch comprising an adjustable actuator on said oscillatory pivoted member for closing said switch during an adjustable portion of the oscillation of said pivoted member.
2. The invention according to claim 1, said adjustable actuator comprising an adjustable cam, and a cam follower fixed to said impulse switch.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Willson Nov. 22, 1949
US371254A 1952-08-19 1953-07-30 Control for automatic washing machines Expired - Lifetime US2788850A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2995671A (en) * 1955-10-31 1961-08-08 Fisher Margaret Harrall Controlling the timing and sequence of operations in washing, dyeing, bleaching and similar machines
US2995143A (en) * 1959-03-16 1961-08-08 Controls Co Of America Timer
US3012444A (en) * 1959-03-24 1961-12-12 Hauser Fred Timing device
US3028458A (en) * 1959-06-24 1962-04-03 Controls Co Of America Sequence timer
US3053947A (en) * 1959-06-15 1962-09-11 Kingston Products Corp Sequential timer
US3081410A (en) * 1957-01-24 1963-03-12 Lawrence A Vogl Electrical controlling apparatus
US3156123A (en) * 1961-01-18 1964-11-10 Gen Electric Sequence controller mechanism
US3234802A (en) * 1961-01-18 1966-02-15 Gen Electric Sequence controller mechanism
US3491602A (en) * 1968-01-25 1970-01-27 Meter All Mfg Co Inc Switch actuating apparatus
US3575561A (en) * 1968-11-26 1971-04-20 Robertshaw Controls Co Defrost control system device with improved lever operating means

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1317109A (en) * 1919-09-23 Oooooo oooooooo
US1726520A (en) * 1928-07-03 1929-08-27 Rego Heat Corp Automatic control means for oil burners
US2257537A (en) * 1939-10-04 1941-09-30 Samburg Maurice Automatic tuning mechanism for radio receivers
US2488754A (en) * 1945-10-31 1949-11-22 Laval Separator Co De Milking machine time determiner

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1317109A (en) * 1919-09-23 Oooooo oooooooo
US1726520A (en) * 1928-07-03 1929-08-27 Rego Heat Corp Automatic control means for oil burners
US2257537A (en) * 1939-10-04 1941-09-30 Samburg Maurice Automatic tuning mechanism for radio receivers
US2488754A (en) * 1945-10-31 1949-11-22 Laval Separator Co De Milking machine time determiner

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2995671A (en) * 1955-10-31 1961-08-08 Fisher Margaret Harrall Controlling the timing and sequence of operations in washing, dyeing, bleaching and similar machines
US3081410A (en) * 1957-01-24 1963-03-12 Lawrence A Vogl Electrical controlling apparatus
US2995143A (en) * 1959-03-16 1961-08-08 Controls Co Of America Timer
US3012444A (en) * 1959-03-24 1961-12-12 Hauser Fred Timing device
US3053947A (en) * 1959-06-15 1962-09-11 Kingston Products Corp Sequential timer
US3028458A (en) * 1959-06-24 1962-04-03 Controls Co Of America Sequence timer
US3156123A (en) * 1961-01-18 1964-11-10 Gen Electric Sequence controller mechanism
US3234802A (en) * 1961-01-18 1966-02-15 Gen Electric Sequence controller mechanism
US3491602A (en) * 1968-01-25 1970-01-27 Meter All Mfg Co Inc Switch actuating apparatus
US3575561A (en) * 1968-11-26 1971-04-20 Robertshaw Controls Co Defrost control system device with improved lever operating means

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