US2780124A - Lock for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench - Google Patents

Lock for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2780124A
US2780124A US515337A US51533755A US2780124A US 2780124 A US2780124 A US 2780124A US 515337 A US515337 A US 515337A US 51533755 A US51533755 A US 51533755A US 2780124 A US2780124 A US 2780124A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
wrench
movable jaw
lock
shank
worm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US515337A
Inventor
Fred G Lyons
Original Assignee
Fred G Lyons
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fred G Lyons filed Critical Fred G Lyons
Priority to US515337A priority Critical patent/US2780124A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2780124A publication Critical patent/US2780124A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/12Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable
    • B25B13/14Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable by rack and pinion, worm or gear
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/12Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable
    • B25B13/20Arrangements for locking the jaws

Description

Feb. 5, 1957 F. G. LYONS LOCK FOR ADJUSTING WORM OF A MOVABLE JAw WRENCH Fi led June 14, 1955 Fred 6. Lyons IN VEN TOR. dag-w all United States Patent 9 LOCK FOR STING-WORM B: A MOVABLE JAW WRENCH Fred G. Lyons, Orovillea Calif.

Application June 14', 1955, Serial No. 515,337

1. Claim. (Cl..811165) This invention generally relates to a wrench, and more specifically provides an improved and novel locking means for the adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench for selectively locking the movable jaw of the wrench in adjusted position.

An object of this invention is to provide an abutment locking member for selectively contacting the thumb screw or worm adjusting means for locking a movable jaw of a movable jaw Wrench in position.

Another object of this invention is to provide a slidable member for engaging the adjustment means of a wrench for retaining the adjustment means in a definite positron.

Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a movable jaw Wrench having means for locking the movable jaw in adjustable position wherein the locking means is simple in construction, easy to operate, positive in action and inexpensive to manufacture.

These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevational view illustrating a wrench employing the novel lock means for the adjusting worm of the present invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged detail elevational view of the latching means with portions thereof broken away illustrating the details of construction;

Figure 3 is a transverse, vertical sectional view taken substantially upon a plane passing along section line 33 of Figure 2 illustrating the guide means together with the positioning of the handle for moving the lock means;

Figure 4 is a longitudinal, plan sectional view taken substantially upon a plane passing along section line 44 of Figure 2 illustrating further structural details of the locking device;

Figure 5 is a perspective view of the abutment member together with the shank projecting therefrom; and

Figure 6 is a perspective view of the locking spring illustrating the projection on one end thereof.

With reference to the drawings, the numeral 10 generally designates a movable jaw wrench, with the numeral 12 designating the body thereof wherein the body 12 is provided with a stationary jaw 14 and an elongated handle 16 together with a movable jaw 18 in opposition to the stationary jaw 14 together with an adjusting worm 20 rotatably journaled in an enlarged opening 22 in the body 12 of the wrench 10. The wrench 10, as illustrated, is that type of wrench known as a crescent wrench, and by rotation of the worm 20 having the serrated spiral ribs 23 thereon, the movable jaw 18 may be moved towards and away from the stationary jaw 14 for adjusting the wrench to the desired size.

"ice

an elongated ovalshaped opening 32. in. the. hand1ew16,

and the end. of the, shank 26. remote from, the abutment member 28 is reduced and substantially rectangular in cross-sectional area, as indicated by the numeral 34 and is provided with a transversely extending aperture 36 therein. Mounted against the outer surface of the reduced portion 34 of the shank 26 is an elongated flat spring 38 having a circular end portion 40 with an aperture 42 therein at one end thereof and an inwardly extending projection 44 adjacent the other end thereof. Extending through the aligned apertures 36 and 42 is a screw threaded member 46 having enlarged headed portions 48 and 50 for securing the shank 26 and spring 38 together, and the enlarged headed portion 50 is slidable in the enlarged opening 32 for limiting the movement of the shank 26 and also forming. a handle for movement of the shank 26 and abutment 28.

The central portion of the handle 16 adjacent the opening 32 is provided with a pair of indentations 52 which are complementary in shape to the projection 44 on the spring 38 for fractionally receiving the projection 44 thereby frictionally locking the spring 38, shank 26 and abutment 28 in adjusted position thereby selectively engaging the pointed end 30 of the abutment member 28 with the serrated ribs 23 of the adjusting worm 20 thereby locking the worm 26 in adjusted position for selectively locking the movable jaw 18 in adjusted position. The positioning of the enlarged headed portions 48 and 50 provides easy access for moving the locking device to the desired position without the person utilizing the other hand, thereby permitting the wrench to be utilized in the normal manner and to eliminate the usual maladjustment of the wrench 10. The device may be constructed of any suitable tool steel normally utilized in such wrench structures, and the locking device may be utilized in any type of adjustable wrench.

The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.

What is claimed as new is as follows:

A lock for a movable jaw wrench having a rotatable worm for adjusting the movable jaw and a body having a stationary jaw in opposed relation to the movable jaw and an elongated handle integrally formed therewith, said lock comprising an abutment member for engaging the periphery of the worm, a shank extending from said abutment member, the body of said wrench having a longitudinal bore therein terminating at one end in an enlarged opening adjacent the worm for slidably receiv ing said shank, said abutment member being movable in said enlarged opening for selectively engaging said worm, the other end of said bore terminating in an elongated longitudinal opening in the handle, stop means attached to said shank and movably positioned in said elongated opening for limiting the movement of said shank and 3 abutment member, and spring means frictionally interconnecting the end of the shank positioned in the elongated opening and the handle for retaining the abutment member in selective positions, said handle being provided with a pair of longitudinally spaced indentations, said spring means including a flat spring attached to the shank and extending longitudinally alongside said handle in intimate contact therewith, a projection on the inner surface of the spring for frictional engagement in one of said indentations for releasably retaining the abutment member in engagement with the worm for releasably locking the movable jaw in adjusted position, including a pair of cylindrical members with one of said cylindrical members having a threaded member extending through the flat spring and the shank and received in the other cylindrical member for retaining the shank and spring in assembled relation, said cylindrical members projecting from opposite side of the opening in the handle for forming a handle member on each side of the wrench handle for manipulation of the abutment, one of said cylindrical members having a portion slidable in the longitudinal opening in the wrench handle whereby the opening forms a guide and limit means for the movement of the spring and shank.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,321,777 Stepananian Nov. 11, 1919 1,512,846 Gumprecht Oct. 21, 1924 1,599,162 Brown Sept. 7, 1926 1,749,002 Schneider et a1. Mar. 4, 1930 2,506,066 Coates May 2, 1950 2,688,893 Jackson Sept. 14, 1954 2,714,323 Lyons Aug. 2, 1955 2,719,450 Jackson Oct. 4, 1955

US515337A 1955-06-14 1955-06-14 Lock for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench Expired - Lifetime US2780124A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US515337A US2780124A (en) 1955-06-14 1955-06-14 Lock for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US515337A US2780124A (en) 1955-06-14 1955-06-14 Lock for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2780124A true US2780124A (en) 1957-02-05

Family

ID=24050928

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US515337A Expired - Lifetime US2780124A (en) 1955-06-14 1955-06-14 Lock for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2780124A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2808751A (en) * 1956-11-09 1957-10-08 James E Fercana Latch for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench
US2859650A (en) * 1956-10-19 1958-11-11 William A Barnes Locking mechanism for adjustable jaw wrench
US2913942A (en) * 1958-02-21 1959-11-24 Kelsey Hayes Co Lock for slidable jaw wrench
US5154103A (en) * 1991-04-18 1992-10-13 Lewis Jr Barney E Lock for adjustable wrench
US6079300A (en) * 1998-11-11 2000-06-27 Hu; Bobby Optical clearance devices for adjustable wrenches
US6128980A (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-10-10 Hu; Bobby Optimal clearance retaining devices for adjustable wrenches

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1321777A (en) * 1919-11-11 Compound tool
US1512846A (en) * 1922-04-17 1924-10-21 Frank O Gumprecht Wrench
US1599162A (en) * 1924-02-01 1926-09-07 James J Brown Wrench
US1749002A (en) * 1927-12-06 1930-03-04 John J Schneider Wrench
US2506066A (en) * 1948-01-15 1950-05-02 Kenneth W Coates Worm nut brake for adjustable end wrenches
US2688893A (en) * 1952-08-01 1954-09-14 Roy M Buck Adjusting screw lock for adjustable end wrenches
US2714323A (en) * 1953-10-20 1955-08-02 Fred G Lyons Lock for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench
US2719450A (en) * 1953-08-04 1955-10-04 Roy M Buck Adjusting screw lock for adjustable end wrench

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1321777A (en) * 1919-11-11 Compound tool
US1512846A (en) * 1922-04-17 1924-10-21 Frank O Gumprecht Wrench
US1599162A (en) * 1924-02-01 1926-09-07 James J Brown Wrench
US1749002A (en) * 1927-12-06 1930-03-04 John J Schneider Wrench
US2506066A (en) * 1948-01-15 1950-05-02 Kenneth W Coates Worm nut brake for adjustable end wrenches
US2688893A (en) * 1952-08-01 1954-09-14 Roy M Buck Adjusting screw lock for adjustable end wrenches
US2719450A (en) * 1953-08-04 1955-10-04 Roy M Buck Adjusting screw lock for adjustable end wrench
US2714323A (en) * 1953-10-20 1955-08-02 Fred G Lyons Lock for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2859650A (en) * 1956-10-19 1958-11-11 William A Barnes Locking mechanism for adjustable jaw wrench
US2808751A (en) * 1956-11-09 1957-10-08 James E Fercana Latch for adjusting worm of a movable jaw wrench
US2913942A (en) * 1958-02-21 1959-11-24 Kelsey Hayes Co Lock for slidable jaw wrench
US5154103A (en) * 1991-04-18 1992-10-13 Lewis Jr Barney E Lock for adjustable wrench
US6079300A (en) * 1998-11-11 2000-06-27 Hu; Bobby Optical clearance devices for adjustable wrenches
US6128980A (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-10-10 Hu; Bobby Optimal clearance retaining devices for adjustable wrenches

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3532013A (en) Quick release mechanism for fine tooth ratchet wrenches
US2475268A (en) Toolholder
US3733936A (en) Master ratchet with quick action dual drive
US4893409A (en) Folding personal knife
US3430957A (en) Lockable golf club head adjustment
US4048897A (en) Laterally engagable and releasable nut assembly
US4439922A (en) Take-down folding knife
US2682414A (en) Longitudinally adjustable screw driver
US4170909A (en) Tool holder
US2701977A (en) Reversible ratchet wrench
US4438669A (en) Adjustable ratchet pliers
US3156143A (en) Adjustable leverage tool
US2201827A (en) Ratchet mechanism
US3356117A (en) Torque-applying tool device
US3363510A (en) Router
US2720296A (en) Ratchet tools
US2725774A (en) Pipe cutting attachments for toggleactuated pliers
US4741387A (en) Locking means for miter gauge attachment
US1426127A (en) Ratchet wrench
US4269089A (en) Adjustable ratchet pliers
US2722150A (en) Self-locking slidable side jaw wrench
US4445404A (en) Reversible ratchet wrench
US3030060A (en) Curtain rod mounting devices
US2757564A (en) Broken circle ratchet wrench
US4211127A (en) Ratchet wrench reversing mechanism