US2773472A - Apparatus for electrostatic spray coating - Google Patents

Apparatus for electrostatic spray coating Download PDF

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US2773472A
US2773472A US241858A US24185851A US2773472A US 2773472 A US2773472 A US 2773472A US 241858 A US241858 A US 241858A US 24185851 A US24185851 A US 24185851A US 2773472 A US2773472 A US 2773472A
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particles
coating
spray
articles
electrode
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US241858A
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Lewis J Lamm
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Motors Liquidation Co
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Motors Liquidation Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B5/00Electrostatic spraying apparatus; Spraying apparatus with means for charging the spray electrically; Apparatus for spraying liquids or other fluent materials by other electric means
    • B05B5/08Plant for applying liquids or other fluent materials to objects
    • B05B5/087Arrangements of electrodes, e.g. of charging, shielding, collecting electrodes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B5/00Electrostatic spraying apparatus; Spraying apparatus with means for charging the spray electrically; Apparatus for spraying liquids or other fluent materials by other electric means
    • B05B5/025Discharge apparatus, e.g. electrostatic spray guns
    • B05B5/053Arrangements for supplying power, e.g. charging power
    • B05B5/0533Electrodes specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of electrodes

Description

Dec. 11, 1956 M 2,773,472
APPARATUS FOR ELECTROSTATIC SPRAY COATING Filed Aug. 14, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Zhmmtor Gttorneg Dec. 11, .1956 L. J. LAMM APPARATUS FOR ELECTROSTATIC SPRAY COATING Filed Aug. 14, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Q i 31 7 W: i
IIIIHIHH I xxf M Zhwcntor KW/z? (fi /7272 Gttomcgo United States Patent APPARATUS FOR ELECTROSTATIC SPRAY 1 COATING Lewis J. Lamm, Washington, D. C., assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., 'a corporation of Delaware Application August 14, 1951, Serial No. 241,858
4 Claims. (Cl. 118-51) i The present invention relates to a method of and apparatus for electrostatic spray coating articles of manufacture. More particularly it relates to a method of coating articles of manufacture by initially placing an electrostatic charge on comminuted particles of coating material, and thereafter utilizing the electrostatic attraction between the charged particles and the article to be coated to perform the coating operation. This invention further relates to a method of controlling the flight of charged coating particles by electrostatic means that repel the charged particles towards the articles to be coated; to a means for charging the spray coating material by projecting the spray through an electrical discharge zone comprising a screen electrode, and to means for electrostatic recharging of the overspray of coating particles which were not attracted to the articles to be coated and collecting the recharged overspray.
Previous to the present invention, metallic air deflecting shields located in the space containing the articles to be coated were grounded, and the electrostatic attraction between the charged particles and the metallic shields infiuencedsome of the particles to migrate to these shields and thereby coat them. This coating of the metallic air deflectors resulted in an overall reduced efliciency of the electrostatic spray coating apparatus. In the present invention the deflector electrodes are maintained at a suitable electrical potential of the same polarity as the charging electrodes. Thus these electrodes will function as electrostatic coating deflectors and repel the charged coating particles towards the articles to be coated to increasethe overall efliciency of the apparatus. Moreover, these charged deflecting electrodes will substantially aid in controlling the flight of the charged particles.
Previously used methods of electrostatic spraying have employed electrodes consisting of parallel conductors as discharge elements with the conductors disposed approximately parallel to the path of the spray. In the present invention the discharge elements are made in the form' of a pervious member disposed approximately normal to the spray path and throughwhich the spray passes. The use of this electrode system produces an ionized atmosphere throughwhich the coating particles pass and receive a surface charge as they are projected. This type of electrode enables the coating particles in the spray to become more uniformly charged.
In certain of the prior art, difliculty has been expe-v rienced with stray coating particles which were not attracted to the article to be coated due, in part at least, to the fact that these particles did not receive a suflicient charge from the charging electrode. The present'invcntion seeks to overcome this difliculty by reducing the amount of coating material present in the discharge air from the coating zone, by providing means for recharging these stray coating particles. This recharging is performed by electrode means positioned in front of a water curtain to which the recharged stray coating particles are attracted, thereby increasing the efficiency of removal of the through the charging electrode 1.
ice
coating particles from the exhaust air, and minimizing overspray losses.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a method of, and apparatus for,spray coating in which the coating material is projected through an electrical charging zone and thereafter electrically deflected towards the articles to be coated.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a method of and apparatus for producing electrostatic charges on particles of coating material by projecting particles in a direction normal to the plane of a charging electrode through an ionized atmosphere produced by a pervious electrode.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a method of, and apparatus for, removing stray coating particles of oversprayfrom the exhaust air by electrically recharging, and then collecting the stray coating particles.
Other objects of the present invention will be apparent upon reading the specification and inspection of the drawings, and will be particularly pointed out in the claims.
Referring to the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of one form of charging electrode apparatus embodying the present invention.
Figure 2.is a plan view. of one form of charging and deflecting apparatus useful in practicing the present invention.
Figure 3 is a plan view of a preferred form of apparatus, also embodying the present invention.
Figure 4v is a section taken on line 4-4 of Figure 3.
Referring more particularly to the drawings in which similar reference characters represent similar parts in each of the several views, 1 and 2 represent an electrode system made up of acharging electrode 1 and a grounded collector electrode 2. 3 is a spray gun, and 4 represents the spray of charged coating particles. The charging electrode 1 includes a plurality of spaced parallel fine wires 7 mounted in the same plane by suitable supports, and maintained at a sufficiently high positive or negative potential to produce corona discharge. The grounded collector electrode 2 is provided With rounded corners to prevent reverse corona discharge. This electrode system, 1 and 2, produces an ionized atmosphere around each of the wires 7 with an abundance of free charges capable of placing a uniform surface charge on each of the coating particles as it passes between the wires. The collector electrode 2, maintained at ground potential, permits the drift of current from the charging electrodes to this collector electrode, or vice versa, depending upon the relative polarities, thus expediting the electrical Charging of of the comminuted coating particles. The spray gun 3,
v which comminutes the coating material into fine particles,
may be either attached to the collector electrode 2 or spaced therefrom. The spray of electrically charged comminuted coating particles 4 is propelled into the vicinity of the articles to be coated after they have been projected In the apparatus shown in Figure 2 of the drawings, a charging electrode system having two charging screens, 1 and 11, is used. The charging screens 1. and 11 are constructed in the same manner as the charging screen 1 shown in Figure 1, consisting of a plurality of suitably supported spaced parallel fine wires 7. 2 is a grounded collector electrode similar to that of Figure l. The articles to becoated are deisgnated 5 and are moved through the vicinity of the electrically charged spray 4 by means of a mono-rail conveyor 6. The articles to be coated 5 are maintained at ground potential so that the electrically charged particles will be attracted to these articles, as a result of the electrical charge on the particles in the spray 4. i 8 is a deflectorelectrodewhich is maintained at a suitable potential of the same polarity as the electrodes 1 and 11. As shown in Figure 2 the deflector electrode system is made up of two electrodes 8, one on each side of the mono-rail conveyor 6 that moves the articles to be coated through the zone of the charged particle spray 4. As the electrodes 8 are of the same polarity as the charging electrodes 1 and 11, they will also be of the same polarity as the charged coating particles in the spray 4, and will repel the charged'particles towards the articles to be coated. The deflector electrodes need not be of the same potential as the charging electrodes 1 and 11, and they also can be maintained at different potentials with respect to each other. Moreover, the charging electrode 11 is of the same polarity as, but may differ in potential from that of charging electrode 1.
When charging electrode 1 is at a negative potential with respect to the grounded collector electrode 2, an electrostatic drift current takes place countercurrent to the direction of particle travel. The drift is, however, in the same direction as that of the particle travel when electrode 1 is positive with respect to electrode 2. With the arrangement shown in Fig. 2, therefore, the particles pro jected by gun 3 pass through two successive charging zones. These zones are, respectively, the ionized atmosphere between electrodes 1 and 2, and the single plane of corona discharge produced by the wires 7 of electrode 11.
The operation of the system shown in Figure 2 is as follows. The spray gun 3 projects the comminuted particles through a hole in the electrode 2 in a direction substantially normal to the planes of the wire screen charging electrodes 1 and 11, and through the two successive zones, so that these particles pass between the wires 7, and thereby become electrically charged to either a positive or negative potential, depending on the polarity selected for the charging electrodes. The particles, due to their inertia, are propelled through the Wire screen electrodes 1 and 11 and into the vicinity of the articles 5 to be coated. The attractive force between a charged particle and the grounded articles to be coated is a function of the square of the distance between the particle in the spray 4 and the article 5 to be coated. Therefore, this attractive force becomes increasingly stronger as the particles in the spray approach the article. This attractive force between the particles in spray 4 and the articles 5 is implemented by the repelling effect of the deflector electrode system which is of the same polarity as the charged particles in the spray. Thus, the flight of the charged particles in the spray is controlled by the deflector electrodes 8 and as this attractive force increases, the particles are caused to deviate from their path and migrate to the articles to be coated, thereby coating the articles by electrostatic deposition.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figures 3 and 4, 3 is a spray gun that comminutes the coating material into fine particles, and projects these particles through the charging electrode system made up of electrodes 1 and 11, and into the vicinity of the articles to be coated 5. The collector electrode 2 is maintained at ground potential. The charging electrodes are constructed in the same manner as has been previously shown and described in connection with Figures 1 and 2. The spray 4 of charged particles, and the articles 5 to be coated pass between the deflector electrodes 8 on a mono-rail conveyor 6 as in Figure 2. In this instance the grounded articles 5 are passed in a dual line between the deflector electrodes 8 while the charged particles are sprayed into the space between the paths traversed by these dual lines. The overspray may be collected by an electrode system made up of a recharging electrode 9 of similar construction to that of the charging electrodes 1 and 11 and a wa ter curtain 19, preferably of the baflie type. 12. and 13 are the walls of the booth, shown here as being L-shaped and which is grounded to: form a part of. the electrode. system. The conveyor 6 may move in either direction,
and the booth may be provided with similar charging electrode systems at both the entrance and the exit thereof.
The charging electrodes 1 and 11 are of the same polarity but need not be of the same potential. Similarly, the deflector electrodes 8 are of the same polarity and this polarity is the same as that of charging electrodes 1 and 11, but the deflector electrodes may be of different potentials. The recharging electrode 9 is maintained at a suitable potential of the same polarity as the charging electrodes 1 and 11, and the charged particles in the spray 4. As much of the overspray consists of stray particles that did not receive a suflicient electrical charge to cause them to be attracted to the articles 5, or charged particles which have lost their charge due to leakage through the atmosphere, the recharging electrode 9 additionally charges or recharges these stray particles in the over-spray so that they will be attracted to the grounded water curtain 10, and thus minimize overspray. As a result the removal of coating material from the exhaust air is substantially complete. The fine particles in the overspray are the ones that are most efliciently charged or recharged by the elec trode 9, because of their high area-to-mass ratio, and hence the charging or recharging of these particles assists in their removal. The coating particles collected by the water curtain may be recovered by any suitable means known in the art.
The operation of the preferred embodiment shown in Figures 3 and 4 is as follows. The spray gun 3 projects the comminuted coating particles through a hole in the collector electrode 2 in a direction substantially normal to the plane of the wire screen charging electrodes 1 and 11, so that these particles receive an electric charge. These charged particles are propelled into the path between the dual line of articles 5 which are carried on the conveyor 6. The charged particles in the spray 4 are deflected or repelled, due to the like polarity electrostatic charge on the deflector electrodes 8, towards the articles to be coated. Thus the deflector electrodes control the flight of the charged particles in the spray 4, and enable these particles to migrate towards and be attracted to the grounded articles.
The stray particles of coating material in spray 4 which are not attracted to the articles are defined as overspray. The stray particles in this overspray pass through the wire screen electrode 9 and are recharged. These recharged particles in the overspray are then attracted to the ground ed water curtain 10 which collects and efficiently removes,
them from the exhaust air egressing from the spray booth or chamber.
In accordance with the provisions of the patent statutes, I have described the principle of operation of my invention together with the apparatus which I now consider to represent the best embodiment thereof but I desire the inven tion to be interpreted as broadly as possible and that it be limited only as required by the prior art.
I claim:
1. Apparatus for electrostatic spray coating of articles to be coated including, in combination, means structurally supporting and conveying said articles in a given direction through a coating area; a spray gun projecting particles of coating material in a direction parallel to the direction of movement of said articles through said area; means charging said particles including a plurality of discharge electrodes disposed in a plane normal to the direction of the spray from the gun and in the path of the spray, a collector electrode spaced from said plane of discharge electrodes and located between the discharge electrodes and the gun, and a high potential power source connected to said discharge electrodes and said collector electrode and establishing a highly ionized current conducting atmosphere therebetween through which said particles are projected; a broad, flat deflecting electrode of large surface area relative to said discharge electrode disposed substantially parallel to and along the path of said spray particles passing through said charging means within said coating area and means for electrically charging said deflecting electrode relative to said articles to a polarity similar to that of said particles, said flat deflecting electrode being substantially free of discharge points and providing an electrostatic repulsion zone of substantially uniform intensity to deflect the particles from the direction in which they are projected from said spray gun and in a direction toward said articles.
2. Apparatus for electrostatic spray coating of articles to be coated including, in combination, means structurally supporting and conveying said articles in a given direction through a coating area; a spray gun projecting particles of coating material in a direction parallel to the direction of movement of said articles through said area; means charging said particles including a plurality of discharge electrodes disposed in a plane normal to the direction of the spray from the gun and in the path of the spray, a collector electrode spaced from said plane of discharge electrodes and located between the discharge electrodes and the gun, and a high potential power source connected to said discharge electrodes and said collector electrode and establishing a highly ionized current conducting atmosphere therebetween through which said particles are projected; a broad, flat deflecting electrode of large surface area relative to said discharge electrode disposed substantially parallel to and along the path of said spray particles passing through said charging means within said coating area, means for electrically charging said deflecting electrode relative to said articles to a polarity similar to that of said particles, said flat deflecting electrode being substantially free of discharge points and providing an electrostatic repulsion zone of substantially uniform intensity to deflect the particles from the direction in which they are projected from said spray gun and in a direction toward said articles; and means for collecting the overspray particles which fail to adhere to said articles including a plurality of discharge electrodes disposed in the path of said overspray particles for recharging such overspray particles and a running water curtain spaced from said overspray charging discharge electrodes and charged electrically oppositely thereto to attract and carry away such charged overspray particles.
3. Apparatus for electrostatic spray coating of articles to be coated including, in combination, means structurally supporting and conveying said articles in a given direction through a coating area, a spray gun projecting particles of coating material in a direction parallel to the direction of movement of said articles through said area, a plurality of discharge electrodes disposed in a first plane normal to the direction of the spray from the gun, a collector electrode spaced from said plane of discharge electrodes and located between said discharge electrodes and said gun, means maintaining a high difference of potential between said discharge electrodes and said collector electrode and establishing a highly ionized current conducting atmosphere therebetween through which said particles are projected, a further plurality of discharge electrodes disposed in a second plane substantially parallel to and spaced forward of said first plane of discharge electrodes in the direction of the travel of the particle spray and means for 6 maintaining said further plurality of discharge electrodes at a different potential relative to said collector electrode than said discharge electrodes disposed in said first plane, a broad, flat deflecting electrode of large surface area relative to said discharge electrodes disposed substantially parallel to and along the path of the spray particles passing through said first and second discharge electrodes within said coating area and means for electrically charging said deflecting electrode relative to said articles to a polarity similar to that of said particles, said flat deflecting elec trode being substantially free of discharge points and providing an electrostatic repulsion zone of substantially uniform intensity to deflect the particles from the direction in which they are projected from said spray gun and in a direction toward said articles.
4, Apparatus for electrostatic spray coating of articles to be coated including, in combination, means srtucturally supporting and conveying said articles in a given direction through a coating area; a spray gun projecting particles of coating material in a direction parallel to the direction of movement of said articles through said area; means charging said particles including a plurality of spaced discharge wires disposed in a plane extending normal to the direction of the spray from the gun and located directly in the path thereof, a flat apertured collector electrode spaced from the plane of discharge wires and located between the plane of discharge wires and the gun, and a high potential power source connected to said discharge Wires and said collector electrode and establishing a highly ionized current conducting atmosphere therebetween, said gun projecting particles of coating material through said apertured collector electrode and said conducting atmosphere between said charging means; a broad, flat deflecting electrode of large surface area relative to said discharge wires and disposed substantially parallel to and along the the path of said spray particles passing through said charging means within said coating area, and means for electrically charging said deflecting electrode relative to said articles to a polarity similar to that of said particles, said flat deflecting electrode being substantially free of discharge points and providing an electrostatic repulsion zone of substantially uniform intensity to deflect said particles from the direction in which they are projected from said spray gun and in a direction toward said articles.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,191,827 Benner Feb. 27, 1940 2,302,185 Campbell Nov. 17, 1942 2,319,082 Nestor May 11, 1943 2,357,354 Penney Sept. 5, 1944 2,382,026 Roche Aug. 14, 1945 2,466,906 Miller Apr. 12, 1949 2,476,145 Gwyn et al July 12, 1949 2,486,877 Ransburg Nov. 1, 1949 2,509,276 Ransburg May 30, 1950 2,546,701 Ransburg Mar. 27, 1951 2,658,009 Ransburg Nov. 3, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 599,466 Great Britain of 1948
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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2930350A (en) * 1955-11-26 1960-03-29 Daimler Benz Ag Electrostatic spray arrangement
US2947281A (en) * 1957-11-25 1960-08-02 Gen Motors Corp Manufacturing apparatus and method of operating the same
US3021077A (en) * 1956-03-20 1962-02-13 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Electrostatic coating apparatus
US3031337A (en) * 1958-11-19 1962-04-24 Watanabe Tamotsu Electrostatic coating system and methods
US3093309A (en) * 1959-07-20 1963-06-11 Watanabe Tamotsu Electrostatic coating apparatus of spray-gun type
US3147145A (en) * 1953-06-01 1964-09-01 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Electrostatic coating apparatus
US3271903A (en) * 1965-04-06 1966-09-13 William C Gregory Maintaining the resistivity of insulating members in energized electric equipment
DE1226461B (en) * 1958-11-19 1966-10-06 Tamotsu Watanabe Atomizer for the application of dyes with the help of an electrostatic precipitation field
US3336903A (en) * 1963-04-24 1967-08-22 Sames Sa De Machines Electrost Electrostatic coating apparatus
US3339840A (en) * 1964-03-23 1967-09-05 Sames Mach Electrostat Mobile electrostatic spraying systems
US3376156A (en) * 1964-03-19 1968-04-02 Douglas C. Whitaker Spray painting employing high voltage charging
US3599399A (en) * 1968-03-08 1971-08-17 Thomas J Gallen Apparatus for filtering pollutants
US3747299A (en) * 1972-02-04 1973-07-24 Kuan Chiang Ta Electrostatic precipitator
US3798048A (en) * 1971-07-27 1974-03-19 Nyvel Corp Method and apparatus for electrostatically coating an object
US4020792A (en) * 1976-03-22 1977-05-03 Photon Power, Inc. Selective corona charger
US4072762A (en) * 1969-03-03 1978-02-07 Ignace Rhodes Processes of cooking foods and apparatus therefor
DE2646798A1 (en) * 1976-10-16 1978-04-20 Haug & Co Kg Electric charging device for liq. or solid particles in air stream - has particles charged with one polarity by first electrode and with opposite polarity by second electrode
FR2369877A1 (en) * 1976-11-09 1978-06-02 Hajtomuevek Es Festoberendeze ELECTROSTATIC PAINT DEVICE, ESPECIALLY FOR AQUEOUS THINNER PAINTS
US4107350A (en) * 1972-08-14 1978-08-15 Berg Joseph E Method for depositing film on a substrate
US4254184A (en) * 1975-05-30 1981-03-03 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Vibrating member for acoustic transducer and method for manufacturing the same
US4345907A (en) * 1978-12-27 1982-08-24 Chemische Fabrik Theodor Rotta Gmbh & Co. Kg Process of applying dyestuffs and/or chemicals or finishing materials to textiles, fibrous products, sheet materials, papers or fleeces
EP0080307A2 (en) * 1981-11-20 1983-06-01 Peabody Industrial Limited Electrostatic blade coaters and methods of use
DE3319995A1 (en) * 1982-06-10 1983-12-15 Fuji Photo Film Co Ltd ELECTROSTATIC SPRAYER
US4749593A (en) * 1985-02-21 1988-06-07 Prazisions-Werkzeuge Ag Coating arrangement and process for preventing deposits of a coating material
US4774102A (en) * 1986-06-09 1988-09-27 Morton Thiokol, Inc. Method of electrostatic powder spray coating
US4779564A (en) * 1986-06-09 1988-10-25 Morton Thiokol, Inc. Apparatus for electrostatic powder spray coating and resulting coated product
US4811689A (en) * 1985-05-16 1989-03-14 Onoda Cement Company, Ltd. Electrostatic powder coating apparatus
US5229171A (en) * 1991-12-23 1993-07-20 Research Triangle Institute Apparatus and method for uniformly coating a substrate in an evacuable chamber
US20030160105A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-08-28 Kelly Arnold J. Methods and apparatus for dispersing a conductive fluent material
US20120207888A1 (en) * 2011-02-09 2012-08-16 Spice Application Systems Limited Comestible Coating Delivery Method and Apparatus

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US2191827A (en) * 1934-04-12 1940-02-27 Carborundum Co Apparatus for applying liquid to fabric
US2302185A (en) * 1940-07-27 1942-11-17 Union Oil Co Electrified spray apparatus
US2319082A (en) * 1940-12-14 1943-05-11 Du Pont Apparatus for overspray recovery
US2357354A (en) * 1941-05-13 1944-09-05 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Electrified liquid spray dust precipitator
US2382026A (en) * 1940-06-01 1945-08-14 Binks Mfg Co Water curtain distributing means for spray booths
GB599466A (en) * 1945-09-18 1948-03-12 Birmingham Small Arms Co Ltd Improvements in or relating to paint-applying apparatus
US2466906A (en) * 1946-11-23 1949-04-12 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Method and apparatus for forming fibrous webs
US2476145A (en) * 1944-08-12 1949-07-12 Libbey Owens Ford Glass Co Protection of surfaces
US2486877A (en) * 1943-12-30 1949-11-01 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Overspray recovery for spray booths
US2509276A (en) * 1944-06-28 1950-05-30 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Apparatus for electrostatically depositing adherent coating materials
US2546701A (en) * 1945-05-31 1951-03-27 Ransburg Electro Cating Corp Apparatus for spray coating articles in an electrostatic field
US2658009A (en) * 1948-05-13 1953-11-03 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Electrostatic coating method and apparatus

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2191827A (en) * 1934-04-12 1940-02-27 Carborundum Co Apparatus for applying liquid to fabric
US2382026A (en) * 1940-06-01 1945-08-14 Binks Mfg Co Water curtain distributing means for spray booths
US2302185A (en) * 1940-07-27 1942-11-17 Union Oil Co Electrified spray apparatus
US2319082A (en) * 1940-12-14 1943-05-11 Du Pont Apparatus for overspray recovery
US2357354A (en) * 1941-05-13 1944-09-05 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Electrified liquid spray dust precipitator
US2486877A (en) * 1943-12-30 1949-11-01 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Overspray recovery for spray booths
US2509276A (en) * 1944-06-28 1950-05-30 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Apparatus for electrostatically depositing adherent coating materials
US2476145A (en) * 1944-08-12 1949-07-12 Libbey Owens Ford Glass Co Protection of surfaces
US2546701A (en) * 1945-05-31 1951-03-27 Ransburg Electro Cating Corp Apparatus for spray coating articles in an electrostatic field
GB599466A (en) * 1945-09-18 1948-03-12 Birmingham Small Arms Co Ltd Improvements in or relating to paint-applying apparatus
US2466906A (en) * 1946-11-23 1949-04-12 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Method and apparatus for forming fibrous webs
US2658009A (en) * 1948-05-13 1953-11-03 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Electrostatic coating method and apparatus

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3147145A (en) * 1953-06-01 1964-09-01 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Electrostatic coating apparatus
US2930350A (en) * 1955-11-26 1960-03-29 Daimler Benz Ag Electrostatic spray arrangement
US3021077A (en) * 1956-03-20 1962-02-13 Ransburg Electro Coating Corp Electrostatic coating apparatus
US2947281A (en) * 1957-11-25 1960-08-02 Gen Motors Corp Manufacturing apparatus and method of operating the same
US3031337A (en) * 1958-11-19 1962-04-24 Watanabe Tamotsu Electrostatic coating system and methods
DE1226461B (en) * 1958-11-19 1966-10-06 Tamotsu Watanabe Atomizer for the application of dyes with the help of an electrostatic precipitation field
US3093309A (en) * 1959-07-20 1963-06-11 Watanabe Tamotsu Electrostatic coating apparatus of spray-gun type
US3336903A (en) * 1963-04-24 1967-08-22 Sames Sa De Machines Electrost Electrostatic coating apparatus
US3376156A (en) * 1964-03-19 1968-04-02 Douglas C. Whitaker Spray painting employing high voltage charging
US3339840A (en) * 1964-03-23 1967-09-05 Sames Mach Electrostat Mobile electrostatic spraying systems
US3271903A (en) * 1965-04-06 1966-09-13 William C Gregory Maintaining the resistivity of insulating members in energized electric equipment
US3599399A (en) * 1968-03-08 1971-08-17 Thomas J Gallen Apparatus for filtering pollutants
US4072762A (en) * 1969-03-03 1978-02-07 Ignace Rhodes Processes of cooking foods and apparatus therefor
US3798048A (en) * 1971-07-27 1974-03-19 Nyvel Corp Method and apparatus for electrostatically coating an object
US3747299A (en) * 1972-02-04 1973-07-24 Kuan Chiang Ta Electrostatic precipitator
US4107350A (en) * 1972-08-14 1978-08-15 Berg Joseph E Method for depositing film on a substrate
US4254184A (en) * 1975-05-30 1981-03-03 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Vibrating member for acoustic transducer and method for manufacturing the same
US4020792A (en) * 1976-03-22 1977-05-03 Photon Power, Inc. Selective corona charger
DE2646798A1 (en) * 1976-10-16 1978-04-20 Haug & Co Kg Electric charging device for liq. or solid particles in air stream - has particles charged with one polarity by first electrode and with opposite polarity by second electrode
FR2369877A1 (en) * 1976-11-09 1978-06-02 Hajtomuevek Es Festoberendeze ELECTROSTATIC PAINT DEVICE, ESPECIALLY FOR AQUEOUS THINNER PAINTS
US4345907A (en) * 1978-12-27 1982-08-24 Chemische Fabrik Theodor Rotta Gmbh & Co. Kg Process of applying dyestuffs and/or chemicals or finishing materials to textiles, fibrous products, sheet materials, papers or fleeces
EP0080307A3 (en) * 1981-11-20 1983-11-16 Peabody Industrial Limited Electrostatic blade coaters and methods of use
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