US2765037A - Paper trimmer - Google Patents

Paper trimmer Download PDF

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Publication number
US2765037A
US2765037A US382652A US38265253A US2765037A US 2765037 A US2765037 A US 2765037A US 382652 A US382652 A US 382652A US 38265253 A US38265253 A US 38265253A US 2765037 A US2765037 A US 2765037A
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United States
Prior art keywords
disc
cutting edge
cutting
carriage
trim board
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US382652A
Inventor
Will D Mcdonough
Joseph F Ennis
Original Assignee
Will D Mcdonough
Joseph F Ennis
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Application filed by Will D Mcdonough, Joseph F Ennis filed Critical Will D Mcdonough
Priority to US382652A priority Critical patent/US2765037A/en
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Publication of US2765037A publication Critical patent/US2765037A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/12Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis
    • B26D1/14Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a circular cutting member, e.g. disc cutter
    • B26D1/20Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a circular cutting member, e.g. disc cutter coacting with a fixed member
    • B26D1/205Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a circular cutting member, e.g. disc cutter coacting with a fixed member for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/768Rotatable disc tool pair or tool and carrier
    • Y10T83/7755Carrier for rotatable tool movable during cutting
    • Y10T83/7763Tool carrier reciprocable rectilinearly
    • Y10T83/7784With means to rotate tool

Description

Oct. 2, 1956 w. MCDONOUGH ETAL 2,765,037
PAPER TRIMMER Filed Sept. 28, 1953 3 WWW J I 1M5 m pm 7 F 4 Ww United States Patent 2,765,037 PAPER TRIMMER Will D. McDonough, Mill Valley, and Joseph F. Ennis, Tiburon Highway, Calif.
Applicah'on September 28, 1953, Serial No. 382,652
6 Claims. (Cl. 16477) This invention relates to and in general has for its object the provision of a paper trimmer of such character that the wear of the cutting edge of the device is reduced to a minimum and is self-sharpening and such that during the cutting operation, there is no tendency for the paper to become misaligned.
In the design and manufacture of most paper trimmers now on the market, a deliberate attempt is made to obtain a shearing action between the cutting edge of the trim board and the cutting knife or disc associated therewith. This is done by slightly inclining the cutting edge of the knife or disc with respect to the cutting edge of the trim board and results in undue wear of these edges and a tendency to misalign the paper being cut.
More specifically the object of this invention is the provision of a paper trimmer wherein a cutting disc having a hollow ground cutting edge is made to traverse the cutting edge of a trim board always in parallelism therewith and with no shearing action relative thereto.
More specifically it is the object of this invention to provide a paper trimmer comprising a trim board having a cutting edge and on which is mounted a track in parallelism with said cutting edge, sa-id track mounting a car riage and said carriage mounting a cutting disc having a two point contact with said cutting edge and at least a one point contact with a rolier support by said carriage about the axis of said disc and generally opposite said two point contact whereby said disc is always maintained in parallelism with the trim board cutting edge.
The invention pcssesses other advantageous features, some of which, with the foregoing, will be set forth at length in the following description where that form of the invention which has been selected for illustration in the drawings accompanying and forming a part of the present specification, is outlined in full. In said drawings, one form of the invention is shown, but it is to be understood that it is not limited to such form, since the invention as set forth in the claims may be embodied in other forms. 5
Referring to the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a paper trimmer embodying the objects of our invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective detail of the track, carriage, rotary cutter and trim board cutting edge of the device.
Fig. 3 is a right-hand end view of the structure illus- 80 trated in Fig. 2.
As shown in these figures, the objects of our invention have been embodied in a trim board 1 of conventional construction and provided with a metal strip insert 2 having a cutting edge 3. Fastened to the trim board 1 at one end thereof is a pair of opposed brackets 4 and 5 and supported by these brackets is an I-beam 6 serving as a carriage track, the lower end of this I-beam being formed with a rack 7. Mounted on the I-beam 6 is a carriage generally designated by the reference numeral C including a pair of opposed parallel plates 8 and 9 held in spaced relation by pins 11 and 12. Journaled on selected pins 12 are rollers 13 arranged to roll over the upper face of the upper web of the I-beam 6. Journaled on pins 14 and fastened to the opposed plates 8 and 9 are rollers 15 arranged to engage the lower face of the upper web of the I-beam 6. As a result of this construction, the carriage C is free to traverse the beam 6 in strict parallelism therewith.
Journaled in the two plates 8 and 9 beneath the I- beam 6 is a pin 16 and fixed to this pin within the confines of the two plates 8 and 9 and in mesh with the rack 7 is a gear 17. Also journaled in the plates 8 and 9 somewhat beneath and to one side of the pin 16 is a shaft 18 and keyed or otherwise afiixed to this shaft is a gear 19 in mesh with the gear 17. The inner or left-hand end 21 of the shaft 18 as viewed in Fig. 3 is formed of a reduced diameter. Mounted over the end 21 is a washer 22 and keyed to the end 21 in engagement with the washer 22 is a cutting disc 23 having a hollow ground peripheral edge 24. Threaded to the end 21 is a screw 25 serving to hold the cutting disc 23 in place and at the same time permit the disc to wobble slightly.
As a result of this construction, it will be seen that if the carriage is made to traverse the beam 6, the gear 17 will be caused to rotate and since this gear is in mesh with the gear 19, this gear, the shaft 18 and the cutting disc 23 will also be caused to rotate.
The shaft 18 is so journ-aled in the plates 8 and 9 that it is free to move axially in and out to thus permit the cutting edge of the disc 23 to be brought into engagement with the cutting edge 3 of the trim board. Mounted on the shaft 18 is a biasing spring 26, the ends of which abut the inner face of the plate 7 and the outer face of the gear 19. Since the gear 19 is fixed to the shaft 18, the spring 26 serves to urge the shaft 18 to the left as viewed in Fig. 3 and consequently maintain the cutting edge of the disc in contact with the trim board cutting edge 3.
As a result of this construction, the cutting disc 23, since it is free to wobble on the end of the shaft 18, would be urged to an inclined position out of parallelism with a vertical plane passing through the cutting edge 3. To obviate this condition and to always maintain the cutting disc 23 in the vertical pl-ane of the cutting edge 3, a bracket 27 is mounted on the plate 8 by a screw 28 and journaled on the outer free end of this bracket is a roller 29 arranged to contact the upper inner periphery of the cutting disc 23 and to maintain this edge in the vertical plane of the cutting edge 3. As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the cutting disc 23 overhangs the cutting edge 3 so that the cutting edge of the disc contacts the cutting edge 3 of the trim board at two spaced points, these points, as clearly appears from Fig. 2, being located at the ends of a cord of the cutting disc 23. The roller 29 serves as a third point of support for the cutting disc 23, this point being diametrically opposed with respect to the two points of contact between the disc 23 and the cutting edge 3. This arrangement therefore insures that the cutting disc 23 is always resiliently maintained in the vertical plane of the trim board cutting edge 3 thereby to obviate any shearing action between the cutting edge of the disc 23 and the trim board cutting edge 3. This in turn minimizes the wear on both the cutting edge 3 and the hollow ground cutting edge 24 of the disc 23. Since the cutting edge 24 of the disc 23 is hollow ground, it can be sharpened by merely causing the carriage C to traverse the I-beam 6. Also as a result of the fact that all shearing action between the disc 23 and the trim board cutting edge 3 has been eliminated, there is no tendency during the operation of this device to misalign the paper being cut.
Optionally and for safety purposes and as shown in Fig. l, the exposed edges of the cutting disc 23 may be inclosed within a guard casing 31 mounted on the carriage and aflixed thereto in any suitable manner.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is as follows:
1. A paper trimmer comprising: a trim board provided with a cutting edge; a track supported by said board above and in parallelism with ,said cutting edge; a carriage arranged to traverse said track; a shaft journaled in said carriage for rotation on a fixed axis relative to said can riage transverse to said track; a cutting disc fixed to the inner end of said shaft, said disc being free to wobble on said shaft but fixed against axial movement relative thereto, and the diameter of said disc and the position of said shaft being such that the lower portion of said disc overhangs said cutting edge and engages said cutting edge at two points; an inwardly extending bracket mounted on the inner face of said carriage over said disc; and a roller mounted on said bracket in engagement with the outer periphery of said disc, said roller serving to maintain said disc in the vertical plane of said cutting edge.
2. A paper trimmer such as defined in claim 1, wherein said shaft is spring biased inwardly toward said trim board.
3. A paper trimmer such as defined in claim 1 wherein the cutting edge of said disc is hollow ground.
4. A paper trimmer comprising: a trim board provided with a cutting edge; a track supported by said board in parallelism with said cutting edge; a carriage arranged to traverse said track; a cutting disc supporting member mounted on said carriage for limited movement transverse to said cutting edge; a cutting disc mounted on said supporting member in vertical alignment with said cutting edge, said disc being free to wobble on said supporting member but fixed against axial movement relative thereto, the diameter of said disc and the location of said supporting member being such that the lower portion of said disc overhangs said cutting edge and engages said cutting edge at two points; a bracket mounted on said carriage and extending over said disc; and a roller mounted on said bracket in engagement with the outer periphery of said disc, said roller serving to maintain said disc in the vertical plane of said cutting edge.
5. A paper trimmer such as defined in claim 4 wherein said shaft is spring biased inwardly towards said trim board.
6. A paper trimmer such as defined in claim 4 wherein the cutting edge of said disc is hollow ground.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 387,621 Clarke Aug. 14, 1888 511,563 Thyll Dec. 26, 1893 556,369 Price Mar. 17, 1896 733,511 Ridgely July 14, 1903 804,520 Colthar Nov. 14, 1905 1,541,155 Kroes'en June 9, 1925 2,191,148 Perbal Feb. 20, 1940
US382652A 1953-09-28 1953-09-28 Paper trimmer Expired - Lifetime US2765037A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2846005A (en) * 1953-12-18 1958-08-05 Wilson Joe Biggs Trimmer or paper cutter
US3648557A (en) * 1969-12-05 1972-03-14 Jack O Lind Rotary paper cutter with spring strap drive
US3823635A (en) * 1972-05-25 1974-07-16 R Carlson Flat stock cutter
US5044241A (en) * 1990-03-20 1991-09-03 Labrecque Normand F Cutting apparatus for wrap film
US5046392A (en) * 1989-04-06 1991-09-10 Richard Keon Cutter for preparing an insulation batt for installation
NL9500398A (en) * 1995-03-01 1996-10-01 Oce Nederland Bv Device for cutting a sheet from a web of holding material
US5819618A (en) * 1994-05-10 1998-10-13 Martin Yale Industries, Inc. Rotary paper trimmer
US6412382B1 (en) * 2000-05-04 2002-07-02 Michael E. Conley Shingle cutter

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US387621A (en) * 1888-08-14 Sox and maetin hensel
US511563A (en) * 1893-12-26 Arthur k
US556369A (en) * 1896-03-17 price
US733511A (en) * 1902-11-21 1903-07-14 Ridgely Trimmer Co Cutting-tool.
US804520A (en) * 1904-08-10 1905-11-14 William U Colthar Cutting implement.
US1541155A (en) * 1924-07-24 1925-06-09 Frank N Kroesen Envelope opener
US2191148A (en) * 1939-01-20 1940-02-20 Lawrence H Cohn Apparatus for cutting sheet material

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US387621A (en) * 1888-08-14 Sox and maetin hensel
US511563A (en) * 1893-12-26 Arthur k
US556369A (en) * 1896-03-17 price
US733511A (en) * 1902-11-21 1903-07-14 Ridgely Trimmer Co Cutting-tool.
US804520A (en) * 1904-08-10 1905-11-14 William U Colthar Cutting implement.
US1541155A (en) * 1924-07-24 1925-06-09 Frank N Kroesen Envelope opener
US2191148A (en) * 1939-01-20 1940-02-20 Lawrence H Cohn Apparatus for cutting sheet material

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2846005A (en) * 1953-12-18 1958-08-05 Wilson Joe Biggs Trimmer or paper cutter
US3648557A (en) * 1969-12-05 1972-03-14 Jack O Lind Rotary paper cutter with spring strap drive
US3823635A (en) * 1972-05-25 1974-07-16 R Carlson Flat stock cutter
US5046392A (en) * 1989-04-06 1991-09-10 Richard Keon Cutter for preparing an insulation batt for installation
US5044241A (en) * 1990-03-20 1991-09-03 Labrecque Normand F Cutting apparatus for wrap film
US5819618A (en) * 1994-05-10 1998-10-13 Martin Yale Industries, Inc. Rotary paper trimmer
NL9500398A (en) * 1995-03-01 1996-10-01 Oce Nederland Bv Device for cutting a sheet from a web of holding material
US6412382B1 (en) * 2000-05-04 2002-07-02 Michael E. Conley Shingle cutter

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