US2751439A - Magnetic recording apparatus - Google Patents

Magnetic recording apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2751439A
US2751439A US498264A US49826455A US2751439A US 2751439 A US2751439 A US 2751439A US 498264 A US498264 A US 498264A US 49826455 A US49826455 A US 49826455A US 2751439 A US2751439 A US 2751439A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
leg
transducer
yoke
rigid
respect
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US498264A
Inventor
Lockwood D Burton
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RCA Corp
Original Assignee
RCA Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by RCA Corp filed Critical RCA Corp
Priority to US498264A priority Critical patent/US2751439A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2751439A publication Critical patent/US2751439A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/48Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed
    • G11B5/56Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed with provision for moving the head support for the purpose of adjusting the position of the head relative to the record carrier, e.g. manual adjustment for azimuth correction or track centering

Description

June 19, 1956 D. BURTON 2,751,439
MAGNETIC RECORDING APPARATUS Filed March 51, 1955 AMEN/7M q ATTORIWE'X United States Patent MAGNETEC ancoanmo APPARATUS Lockwood D. Burton, Coilingswood, N. .L, assignor to Radio Corporation of America, a corporation of Delaware Application P/Iarch 31, 1955, Serial No. 498,264
Claims. (Cl. 1791i30.2)
This invention relates to magnetic recording apparatus, and more particularly to means for mounting a magnetic record transducer.
Systems have been provided wherein magnetically recorded information has been recorded on magnetic record tapes as a plurality of parallel tracks. Although in some such systems the information recorded in each of the tracks is independent from the information recorded in the other tracks, there are other systems wherein the information recorded in each of the several tracks bears a distinct time relationship with respect to the information recorded in each of the other tracks. In reproducing a record of this latter type, which may, for example, be a system for recording television signals on tape, care must be exercised to insure that the time relationship of the signals on the several tracks is maintained. In such systems, it is usual that the reproduce head or transducer is aligned as nearly exactly with the recording head or transducer as is possible. However, even though the same transducer is used to reproduce the information as was used to record the information, thereby assuring an exact reproduction of the alignment of the transducers, the tape itself may during the time between recording and reproducing become stretched on one side with respect to the other, thereby causing a displacement of the information in one or more tracks with respect to the information in others. This is known in the art as skewing of the tape. 7
It is an object of this invention to provide a means for mounting the reproduce head in such a way that the skewing of the tape is compensated for by a corresponding movement of the head or transducer.
It is another object of this invention to provide a mounting means for a transducer as set forth wherein the movement of the transducer to correct for the skew is controlled by a signal derived from the record, itself.
In accomplishing these and other objects, there has been provided, in accordance with the present invention, an arm for carrying the transducer, the transducer being mounted at one end thereof. The arm is provided with two leg members, one of which is relatively rigid, the other of which is relatively flexible. The end portion on which the transducer is mounted is connected directly to the flexible portion and, through a deformable link or hinge member, to the rigid leg. A signal responsive motive device is coupled between the rigid leg member and the flexible leg member. When signals derived from the record are applied to this signal responsive member, the flexible leg of the arm is deformed by operation of the signal responsive motive device, causing a rotational movement of the transducer about the hinge member connecting the end portion of the arm to the rigid leg.
A better understanding of this invention may be had from the following detailed description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. l is an elevational view partly broken away of a transducer mounting member constructed in accordance with the present invention; and
2,751,439 Patented .iune19, 1956 Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram showing circuitry suitable for use in conjunction with the arm shown in Fig. 1 for producing the desired motion in the transducer.
Referring now to the drawing in more detail, there is shown in Fig. 1 a transducer mounting arm 2 which includes the rigid back or supporting portion 4. Extending from the back portion 4 is a rigid leg member 6 and a flexible or deformable leg member 8. A relatively rigid transducer supporting yoke or bracket 10 is secured to one end of the flexible leg member 8 at one end of the yoke 10. The other end of the yoke 10 is connected to the rigid leg member 6 by a deformable link or flexible hinge member 12. A multiple channel transducer 14 is supported in the yoke 10 by means of screws 16. The transducer 14 includes a housing member 18 and a plurality of separate transducer elements 20. The number of such elements corresponds to the number of channels to be recorded on a tape member, eight such channels being illustrated in the drawing. The arm 2 is mounted on the associated apparatus (not shown) by suitable means such as pivot members 22 which engage the arm at the rigid back portion 4.
As thus far described, it may be seen that any force causing a deformation of the flexible leg 8 will cause a relative shortening of that leg with respect to the rigid leg 6. Such effective shortening of the flexible leg causes the yoke member 11 together with the transducer unit 14, to be rotated about an axis determined by the deformable link or hinge member 12. If the forces applied to cause the deformation of the flexible leg 8 were to be controlled to correspond to the amount of skew encountered in the record, then the motion developed in the head or transducer can be made to correspond to the skewing of the tape, compensating for such skew.
To provide such controlled deformation, there is provided a signal responsive motive member 24. In the illustrative embodiment of this invention, this motive member is shown as being a solenoid, the coil 26 of which is secured to the rigid leg member 6 as by means of the threaded body portion 23. The armature 30 of the solenoid is secured, by means of a screw 32, to the flexible leg 8 of the arm member 2. Record derived signals are applied to the solenoid through the leads 34.
Reference is now had to Fig. 2. A magnetic tape record member 36 is passed in signal translating engagement with the transducer unit 14. Signals from the two outermost or extreme transducer elements 20 are amplified in amplifiers 38, 40, respectively. The output of these two amplifiers is fed to a phase comparer 42. Here the phase of the two amplified signals is compared. This phase comparer 42 may be of the type shown in more detail in copending application of Adolph R. Morgan, Serial No. 487,293, filed February 10, 1955. If there is no skew in the tape, then the signals applied to the phase comparer 42 from the two extreme tracks will be in phase with respect to each other. The phase comparer in this case will produce no correction signal. However, if the tape is skewed, then the signal from one of the extreme tracks will show a phase displacement with respect to the signal in the other track. The phase comparer 42 develops a signal which is proportional to the extent and direction of the phase displacement of these two signals. The output of the phase comparer is applied to an amplifier 44. The signals amplified by the amplifier 44 are fed, through leads 34, to the signal coil of the solenoid 26.
Thus, the solenoid is energized with a signal which is proportional to the phase displacement of the signal appearing in the two remote or extreme tracks. Since the phase displacement of the signal appearing in the two extreme tracks is a function of the amount of skew in the tape, then the signals applied to the solenoid are proportional to the amount of skew in the tape. It is appreciated that the energizing current applied to the coils of the solenoid may include a direct current bias which may be varied in either direction, depending upon the direction of the phase displacement or skew indicated by the phase comparer. The amplitude of this direct current bias may be controlled to give an initial azimuth adjustment to the transducer carried in the yoke of the arm.
While the signal responsive motive member has been described as being a solenoid, it is appreciated that the motive member may well be other types of motive members such, for example, as a magnetostrictive device or a piezoelectric device.
Thusthere has been provided means for mounting a magnetic record transducer which provides a compensation for a skewing of the tape. The compensation being controlled by signals derived directly from the record on the tape and applied to the mounting means in such a manner as to effect the required correction.
What is claimed is:
1. In a magnetic recording-reproducing system, a magnetic record transducer, a mounting arm for said transducer, said arm including a transducer holding yoke, a rigid support portion, a first and a second leg member extending from said rigid support portion toward said yoke, said first one of said legs being substantially rigid with respect to said support portion, said second leg being deformable with respect to said first leg, a deformable link, said yoke being secured to said first leg by said deformable link, said second leg being directly secured to said yoke, and signal responsive motive means coupled to said second leg to effect deformation thereof in response to applied signals.
2. In a magnetic recording-reproducing system, a magnetic record transducer, a mounting arm including a transducer holding yoke, a rigid support portion, a first and a second leg member extending from said rigid support portion toward said yoke, said first leg member being substantially rigid with respect to said support portion, said second leg being deformable with respect to said first leg, a deformable link, said yoke being secured to said rigid leg by said deformable link, said yoke being secured directly to said second leg, signal responsive motive means operatively coupled to said second leg, means including said transducer for developing a control signal, and means for applying said control signal to said motive means whereby to deform said second leg in accordance with said control signal.
3. A mounting member for a magnetic recordingreproducing transducer, said mounting member comprising a transducer holding yoke, a rigid support portion, a first and a second leg member extending from said rigid support portion toward said yoke, said first leg'being substantially rigid with respect to said support portion, said second leg being deformable with respect to said first leg, a deformable link, said yoke being secured to said rigid leg by said deformable link, said second leg being directly secured to said yoke, and signal responsive motive means coupled to said second leg to efiect deformation thereof in response to applied control signals. 4. In a magnetic recording-reproducing system using a magnetic tape record member which is subject to skewing, means for compensating for said skewing comprising a magnetic record transducer, a mounting arm for said transducer, said arm including a transducer holding yoke, a rigid support portion, a first and a second leg member, said first leg being relatively rigid with'respect to said support portion, said second leg being deformable with respect to said first leg, a deformable link coupling said yoke to said first leg, said second leg being directly connected to said yoke, a signal responsive motive means operatively coupled between said first and second leg for causing relative deformations of said second leg with respect to said first leg, means including said transducer for deriving a control signal indicative of the amount of skew in said tape record member, and means for applying said signal to said signal responsive motive means to effect deformation of said second leg in accordance with said control signals whereby to cause a corresponding rotation of said yoke about said deformable link.
5. In a magnetic recording-reproducing system using a magnetic record member which is subject to skewing,
means for compensating for said skewing comprising a magnetic record transducer, a .mounting arm for said transducer, said mounting arm including a transducer holding yoke, a rigid support portion, a first and a second leg extending from said support portion toward said yoke, said first leg being relatively rigid with respect to said support portion, said second leg being relatively deformable with respect to said first leg, a deformable link coupling said yoke to said first leg, said yoke being directly coupled to said second leg, a signal responsive, solenoid operated, motive member operatively coupled between said first and second legs for causing relative deformations of said second leg with respect to said first leg, means including said transducer for deriving a control signal indicative of the amount of skew in said tape record member, and means for applying said control signal to said solenoid to effect deformation of said second leg in accordance with said control signal whereby to cause a corresponding rotation of said yoke about said deformable link.
No references cited.
US498264A 1955-03-31 1955-03-31 Magnetic recording apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2751439A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US498264A US2751439A (en) 1955-03-31 1955-03-31 Magnetic recording apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US498264A US2751439A (en) 1955-03-31 1955-03-31 Magnetic recording apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2751439A true US2751439A (en) 1956-06-19

Family

ID=23980293

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US498264A Expired - Lifetime US2751439A (en) 1955-03-31 1955-03-31 Magnetic recording apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2751439A (en)

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2937239A (en) * 1956-02-13 1960-05-17 Gen Electric Skew servo for multiple channel recording system
US2938962A (en) * 1955-07-12 1960-05-31 Konins Azimuth seeking reproducing head
US2939921A (en) * 1955-07-05 1960-06-07 Marchant Res Inc Magnetic recording mechanism for selective skew recording
US2942061A (en) * 1958-03-10 1960-06-21 Ampex Tape transducing apparatus
US2972736A (en) * 1957-03-11 1961-02-21 Curtiss Wright Corp Bi-directional magnetic tape recording
US2992424A (en) * 1956-08-16 1961-07-11 William M Kellogg Automatic tracking system
US3012106A (en) * 1959-12-21 1961-12-05 Ampex Wide band data recording and reproducing system and method
US3023404A (en) * 1957-12-31 1962-02-27 Ibm Magnetic drum head positioning system
US3029318A (en) * 1958-03-14 1962-04-10 Teletrak Corp Head adjusting means for signal recording or reproducing apparatus
DE1130845B (en) * 1960-11-04 1962-06-07 Loewe Opta Ag Magnetic head arrangement for devices for magnetic recording and reproduction of television images
US3049583A (en) * 1959-12-30 1962-08-14 Norman C Bremer Magnetic recording means
US3051797A (en) * 1959-03-09 1962-08-28 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Transducing system
US3059049A (en) * 1959-04-27 1962-10-16 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Single frame tester
US3060277A (en) * 1957-01-23 1962-10-23 Burroughs Corp Magnetic head suspension
US3105227A (en) * 1958-10-01 1963-09-24 Gordon Sumner Repetitive scanning of a dual record track on a fragment of a record
US3110764A (en) * 1955-04-06 1963-11-12 Leonard D Barry Magnetic recording and reproducing
DE1172297B (en) * 1961-02-06 1964-06-18 Fernseh Gmbh Method and device for the recovery of a television signal recorded on a magnetic tape or the like
US3204228A (en) * 1955-11-16 1965-08-31 Sperry Rand Corp Signal synchronizer
DE1219080B (en) * 1964-04-01 1966-06-16 Rca Corp Magnetic tape machine with adjustment device for the magnetic heads
US3306987A (en) * 1959-06-22 1967-02-28 Fritz A Guerth Apparatus for compensating for magnetic tape speed variations during playback
US3321741A (en) * 1959-06-11 1967-05-23 Seismograph Service Corp Apparatus for seismic curve following, reproducing and recording
US3366876A (en) * 1963-01-04 1968-01-30 Ampex System for analysis and control of dynamic characteristics of mechanisms
US3378646A (en) * 1963-03-08 1968-04-16 Rca Corp Control system for helical scan recorder
US3412218A (en) * 1965-10-12 1968-11-19 Navy Usa Wide frequency band recording
US3414816A (en) * 1965-07-23 1968-12-03 Dartex Inc Apparatus for measuring skew in a tape transport
DE1297135B (en) * 1962-06-06 1969-06-12 Victor Company Of Japan Method and device for controlling the recording of video signals
US3526726A (en) * 1967-09-27 1970-09-01 Ampex Piezoelectric transducer assembly for positioning a magnetic record/reproduce head
US3560716A (en) * 1967-04-21 1971-02-02 Optomechanisms Inc Code matrix reader for film
US3706861A (en) * 1969-09-18 1972-12-19 Rca Corp Apparatus for mounting and spacing a signal transducer with respect to a recording medium
US3877069A (en) * 1963-11-26 1975-04-08 Us Navy Skew correction system
DE2740770A1 (en) * 1976-09-09 1978-03-16 Sony Corp DEVICE FOR RECORDING AND / OR PLAYING BACK A VIDEO SIGNAL
DE3030981A1 (en) * 1979-08-21 1981-03-26 Victor Company Of Japan, Ltd., Yokohama, Kanagawa MAGNETIC RECORDING AND PLAYBACK DEVICE WITH TWO ROTATING MAGNETIC HEADS
EP0037715A1 (en) * 1980-04-08 1981-10-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Head positioning transducer for helical scan video reproducer
US4317144A (en) * 1978-05-29 1982-02-23 U.S. Philips Corporation Azimuth correction of head gaps
US4414587A (en) * 1981-12-17 1983-11-08 Sri International Skew sensing for digital tape playback
US4433351A (en) * 1980-11-28 1984-02-21 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company System for reducing phase error in multitrack magnetic recording
US4519006A (en) * 1981-12-14 1985-05-21 Nakamichi Corporation Magnetic head device
US4525696A (en) * 1980-11-28 1985-06-25 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Driver for rotating a magnetic playback head

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None *

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3110764A (en) * 1955-04-06 1963-11-12 Leonard D Barry Magnetic recording and reproducing
US2939921A (en) * 1955-07-05 1960-06-07 Marchant Res Inc Magnetic recording mechanism for selective skew recording
US2938962A (en) * 1955-07-12 1960-05-31 Konins Azimuth seeking reproducing head
US3204228A (en) * 1955-11-16 1965-08-31 Sperry Rand Corp Signal synchronizer
US2937239A (en) * 1956-02-13 1960-05-17 Gen Electric Skew servo for multiple channel recording system
US2992424A (en) * 1956-08-16 1961-07-11 William M Kellogg Automatic tracking system
US3060277A (en) * 1957-01-23 1962-10-23 Burroughs Corp Magnetic head suspension
US2972736A (en) * 1957-03-11 1961-02-21 Curtiss Wright Corp Bi-directional magnetic tape recording
US3023404A (en) * 1957-12-31 1962-02-27 Ibm Magnetic drum head positioning system
US2942061A (en) * 1958-03-10 1960-06-21 Ampex Tape transducing apparatus
US3029318A (en) * 1958-03-14 1962-04-10 Teletrak Corp Head adjusting means for signal recording or reproducing apparatus
US3105227A (en) * 1958-10-01 1963-09-24 Gordon Sumner Repetitive scanning of a dual record track on a fragment of a record
US3051797A (en) * 1959-03-09 1962-08-28 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Transducing system
US3059049A (en) * 1959-04-27 1962-10-16 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Single frame tester
US3321741A (en) * 1959-06-11 1967-05-23 Seismograph Service Corp Apparatus for seismic curve following, reproducing and recording
US3306987A (en) * 1959-06-22 1967-02-28 Fritz A Guerth Apparatus for compensating for magnetic tape speed variations during playback
US3012106A (en) * 1959-12-21 1961-12-05 Ampex Wide band data recording and reproducing system and method
US3049583A (en) * 1959-12-30 1962-08-14 Norman C Bremer Magnetic recording means
DE1130845B (en) * 1960-11-04 1962-06-07 Loewe Opta Ag Magnetic head arrangement for devices for magnetic recording and reproduction of television images
DE1172297B (en) * 1961-02-06 1964-06-18 Fernseh Gmbh Method and device for the recovery of a television signal recorded on a magnetic tape or the like
DE1297135B (en) * 1962-06-06 1969-06-12 Victor Company Of Japan Method and device for controlling the recording of video signals
US3366876A (en) * 1963-01-04 1968-01-30 Ampex System for analysis and control of dynamic characteristics of mechanisms
US3378646A (en) * 1963-03-08 1968-04-16 Rca Corp Control system for helical scan recorder
US3877069A (en) * 1963-11-26 1975-04-08 Us Navy Skew correction system
DE1219080B (en) * 1964-04-01 1966-06-16 Rca Corp Magnetic tape machine with adjustment device for the magnetic heads
US3414816A (en) * 1965-07-23 1968-12-03 Dartex Inc Apparatus for measuring skew in a tape transport
US3412218A (en) * 1965-10-12 1968-11-19 Navy Usa Wide frequency band recording
US3560716A (en) * 1967-04-21 1971-02-02 Optomechanisms Inc Code matrix reader for film
US3526726A (en) * 1967-09-27 1970-09-01 Ampex Piezoelectric transducer assembly for positioning a magnetic record/reproduce head
US3706861A (en) * 1969-09-18 1972-12-19 Rca Corp Apparatus for mounting and spacing a signal transducer with respect to a recording medium
DE2740770A1 (en) * 1976-09-09 1978-03-16 Sony Corp DEVICE FOR RECORDING AND / OR PLAYING BACK A VIDEO SIGNAL
US4317144A (en) * 1978-05-29 1982-02-23 U.S. Philips Corporation Azimuth correction of head gaps
DE3030981A1 (en) * 1979-08-21 1981-03-26 Victor Company Of Japan, Ltd., Yokohama, Kanagawa MAGNETIC RECORDING AND PLAYBACK DEVICE WITH TWO ROTATING MAGNETIC HEADS
US4365279A (en) * 1979-08-21 1982-12-21 Victor Company Of Japan, Ltd. Magnetic recording and reproducing apparatus with device for tracking control of rotary magnetic heads
EP0037715A1 (en) * 1980-04-08 1981-10-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Head positioning transducer for helical scan video reproducer
US4433351A (en) * 1980-11-28 1984-02-21 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company System for reducing phase error in multitrack magnetic recording
US4525696A (en) * 1980-11-28 1985-06-25 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company Driver for rotating a magnetic playback head
US4519006A (en) * 1981-12-14 1985-05-21 Nakamichi Corporation Magnetic head device
US4414587A (en) * 1981-12-17 1983-11-08 Sri International Skew sensing for digital tape playback

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2751439A (en) Magnetic recording apparatus
US2937239A (en) Skew servo for multiple channel recording system
US2985396A (en) Apparatus for compensating reel flutter in tape-recording equipment
US3924268A (en) High density track follower control system for magnetic disk file
US6064540A (en) Active control for stabilizing a servo-controlled actuator system
US3526726A (en) Piezoelectric transducer assembly for positioning a magnetic record/reproduce head
US3830505A (en) Vertical stabilizer for phonograph arms
US3623734A (en) Pick-up device for record players
TW408318B (en) Method and apparatus for positioning a read/write head of a hard disk drive
US4074328A (en) Method and apparatus for recording and reproducing information on a plural-track record disk
US4055849A (en) Magnetic head positioning and playback apparatus utilizing a split head for self-tracking and selective reproduction
US2351079A (en) Inertia control system
US4258398A (en) Apparatus for preventing flutter and skew in electrical signals
US4056831A (en) Thermal compensation for disk pack systems
US3334193A (en) High-frequency, high-density time compressor
US2466691A (en) Electromagnetic oscillograph
US3983318A (en) Velocity correction system with damping means
US4451859A (en) Magnetic video head position control
EP0431936A1 (en) Magnetic recording and reproducing apparatus
US3387295A (en) Skew correction apparatus utilizing a torsionally deformable capstan
US3179752A (en) Capstan servo system
CA1039401A (en) Velocity correction transducer
US3218398A (en) Magnetic tape recording
US3770906A (en) Flutter resisting magnetic recording and reproducing apparatus
US5012373A (en) Apparatus for positioning a magnetic head on a head drum