US2750660A - Mechanism for and method of clinching nuts - Google Patents

Mechanism for and method of clinching nuts Download PDF

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US2750660A
US2750660A US386224A US38622453A US2750660A US 2750660 A US2750660 A US 2750660A US 386224 A US386224 A US 386224A US 38622453 A US38622453 A US 38622453A US 2750660 A US2750660 A US 2750660A
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nut
die
panel
punch
nuts
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US386224A
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John F Newcomb
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John F Newcomb
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B37/00Nuts or like thread-engaging members
    • F16B37/04Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates
    • F16B37/06Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates by means of welding or riveting
    • F16B37/062Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates by means of welding or riveting by means of riveting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts
    • B23P19/06Screw or nut setting or loosening machines
    • B23P19/062Pierce nut setting machines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/955Locked bolthead or nut
    • Y10S411/965Locked bolthead or nut with retainer
    • Y10S411/968Deformable base member
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49833Punching, piercing or reaming part by surface of second part
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49915Overedge assembling of seated part
    • Y10T29/49917Overedge assembling of seated part by necking in cup or tube wall
    • Y10T29/49918At cup or tube end
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49938Radially expanding part in cavity, aperture, or hollow body
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49938Radially expanding part in cavity, aperture, or hollow body
    • Y10T29/4994Radially expanding internal tube

Description

June 19, 1956 J. F. NEWCOMB 2,750,560
MECHANISM FOR AND METHOD OF CLINCHING NUTS I Filed Oct. 15, 195:5 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 F76. ,Fla 2 5&5
IN V EN TOR. JOHN F. N E VVCOMB ATTOE/VfVS.
June 19, 1956 J. F. NEWCOMB MECHANISM FOR AND METHOD OF CLINCHING NUTS Filed Oct. 15, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. JOHN E Newcoms United States Patent O MECHANISM FOR AND METHOD OF CLINCHING NUTS John F. Newcomb, Huntington Woods, Mich.
Application October 15, 1953, Serial No. 386,224
4 Claims. (Cl. 29-432) This invention relates to apparatus and method of punching flanged nuts through a metal panel and clinching the nut on the back of the panel all in one stroke. Heretofore flanged nuts have been applied to metal panels by first punching holes in the panel then placing the nuts 111 the holes and clinching the nuts on the backside of the panel by a separate staking operation. This involves three operations; namely, punching the hole in the panel, placing the nut in the hole, and then staking the unfianged portion of the nut on the back of the panel to complete the clinching operation.
An improvement of the three-operation method has lately been in use. This involves feeding the nuts by a chute to a stationary punch which has a magnet on the end and recess into which the nuts are fed through a chute. The panel is laid over the die and the punch then pushes the unfianged portion of the nut through the panel shearing a portion of the panel off in the die. Then the die is turned or indexed 45 degrees and the square nut is then so located that the edges of the die cross the corners of the nut. Then the die is pushed upwardly and the corners of the nut are staked or clinched.
My improved method and apparatus consists of providing a die which has sharp edges Which conform to the shape of the body or the unfianged portion of the nut, but at several spotsat the corners in the case of a square nut-providing recesses or channels which have sharp nubs at the inner ends of the channels which are located in the hollow interior of the die and are located at the bottoms of the channels. The nuts are automatically fed to the punch through a flexible chute. The punch has the side which faces the ends of the chute cut away and the end of the punch has a rectangular recess at the bottom of which is implanted a small magnet. The side of the recess facing the end of the flexible chute is open. Each time the punch returns from a down stroke a nut is fed into the recess of the punch which then comes down again. The sharp edges of the die operating with the unflanged body of the nut shear a piece of the panel out of the panel. However, the piece of the panel at the ends of the nubs or channels is pushed into the recesses 01 chan nels in the die and as the nut enters and passes into the panel it encounters the sharp nubs at the ends of the channel. These nubs swedge or cut portions of the body of the nut oil the sides and material so swedged is extruded into the channels of the die as the nut is punched through the panel. The extruded material from the nut is pressed into the material already in the channels that has been sheared from the panel. The two strips of material flow together in the extruding operation forming clinching tongues that bind the nut to the back of the panel. So there is combined all in one stroke of the punch, the perforating of the panel by the nut and die, the placing of the nut in the hole punched out, and the clinching of the nut on the back of the panel. With an automatic feeding of the nuts to the punch as previously described, the nuts can be applied to a panel as fast as 80 to 85 per minute. My setup can be used in the standard press, whereas the best previous method of applying nuts to panels requires expensive additions to a press in the way of hydraulic apparatus to index andto turn back the die and bringing the corners of the nut' across the edges of the die.
Referring to the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a section through a nut clinched to a panel by) my apparatus and method.
Fig. 2 is a section of a punch provided with a nut held in place by magnetism.
Fig. 3 is a section through a portion of the die and! panel about to receive the nut shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary section showing how the nut shears through the panel and how the nub on the die is about to enter the unfianged body of the nut and clip or swedge the material off the side of the nut.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary section showing the material swedged oil the nut and extruded into the channel of the die where it amalgamates and joins the portion of the panel material which has been left above the nub in the shearing operation.
Fig. 6 is a perspective of a die for a square body nut.
Fig. 7 is a plan View of such a die.
Fig. 8 is a perspective of the die used for a round nut.
Fig. 9 is a plan view of the same.
Fig. 10 is a plan view of a flanged nut with a square; body.
Fig. 11 is a side elevation of the punch.
Fig. 12 is an end elevation of this punch.
Fig. 13 is a perspective of the nut clinched to a pieceofi the panel. p p
The punch is a round punch 1 with one side 2 cut -away; to expose the nut receiving recess 3. This recess has a, magnet 4 in its bottom which is insulated from. the rest; of the punch material by a brass bushing 5. In; order to; facilitate the machining of the square recess in the end-i of the punch, the channels 6 and 7 are machined in'the; end of the punch. They have no function other than; making it easy to produce the rectangular recess in the; end of the punch. The channel 8 is machined inthe endj of the punch in order to provide room for-themagnetg and the brass bushing which intersects the; wall ittle; back of the recess.
This application is a continuation in part of my prior application entitled Mechanism for and. Method ofCli'uch ing Nuts, filed March 4, 1950, Serial No. 147,718, now abandoned. That application shows substantially the same apparatus as is shown in this application except that I found it advantageous to reshape the channels in the top of the die. In my prior application the nubs were at the deep end of the channels and the channels had closed outer ends which were the shallow ends of the channels. In the present application, the channels have the outer ends the deep portions of the channels and the inner ends are the shallow portions of the channels. This provides the nubs with more acute angles and sharper edges and which more effectively bite into the sides of the nuts.
These nubs are shown at 9 in the die for the square nut and at 10 for the die for the round nut. The punch 1 bearing the nut with the flange 11 and the square body 12 comes down on the panel 13 as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The nut and die shear out the piece 14 from the panel and turns the panel spurs 15 down as shown in Fig. 4; then as the nubs 9 bite into the material of the nut the spurs 15 are brought down into the channels 16 and the spur 17 taken from the nut is pushed or extruded into the channel to join the spur 15. The material swedged oif in the nut and the turned down spurs of the panel are amalgamated to form the tongues 18 of the clinched nut (see Fig. 1).
The nubs 9 in the die for the square nut do not actually project into the hollow material inside of the die as they:-
dogsyith the rounddie shown at Figs. 8 and 9,for the reason that in the making of the die it is preferable to make the hollow interior of the die for the square body nut by machining the upper part of the die on the interior with 8 taces or approximately octagonalinshape. ,Below the line.19 the die is cylindrical and the opening is enlagged to facilitate the slug 14 dropping out of the die. The die with the round opening is also-enlargedat 21 for the same purpose.
What I claim is:
1. Adie cooperating with anut flanged on one ofiits faces and with a punch for shearing jahole through a metal paneland clinching the nut in the-hole and-onthe side of the panel removed from the nut flange all in one stroke, .said die comprising, ,a hollow niember ,with channel-like recesses inits top, the hollow being the size andcgntouroftheunflangedportion of the nut and the edges of the die around theend of the hollow die being shearing edges when a punchpushes thenut against the metal of the panel so asto shear aslug of the panel and dropit throughthe hollowinterior of the die, however, the die at spots along its hollow interior departing from the shape of the body of thenut to provide :edge portions at the inner ends and bottom of the channel-like recesses in the top of the die, which portions or nubs are located in theinterior of thehollow ,die to be in the path of the body of the nut when it is shearing through the paneLto divert or swage a portionoif thebodyof the nut and cause the same toflow outwardly. intothe channel recesses to thereby clinch the nut to the back, of the panel by extruded tongues all in the one shearing and punching operation.
2. A die cooperatingwith a nut of angular contour and fiangedon one ofits faces and with .apunch for shearing a hole through a metal panel and clinching the nut in the hole on the side of the panel removed fromthenutflange all in one stroke, said die comprising a hollow member with channel-likerecesses in its-top, the hollow being the sizeand contour of the unflanged portion of the nut except at the corners and the edgesof the die around the end'ofthehollow die being shearing. edges when apunch pushes the nutagainst the metal of the panel so as to shear a slug of the panel and drop it through the hollow interiorof thedie, however, the die at spots along its hollow interior departing from the shape of the bodyof the nut to provideedge portions in the innerends and bottoms of the channel-like recesses in thetopofthe die, which portions or nubs are located in the interior of the hollowdie at thecorners of the nut to be in the path of the body of the nut lwhen shearing through ,the panel to divert or swage portions off the corners of the nut and cause the material to fiow outwardly in the channel recesses to thereby clinch the nut to the back of the panel by extruded tongues all in one shearing and punching operation.
3. The method of punching flanged nuts through an unperforated metal panel and clinching said nuts on the back of the panel in one stroke, which comprises pushing the unflanged portion of the nut through the metal of the panel supported by sharp edges of a die, the sharp edges conforming to-thecontourof the body-of thenutexcept at certain spots, this operation serving to shear a slug out of the panel to forma hole to receivethe body of the nut, said spots interposing swedging portions in the die below-theshearing-edges and inthepath of thetravel of the nut to swedgeofiportions of thenut material and extrude it sidewise to clinch the nut on the back of the panel all in one stroke.
4. A die cooperating with a nut flanged on one of its faces and with a punch for holding said nutsuspended over the die, the nut itself beingusedas the cutting point of the punch and shearing a hole through a metalpanel and clinching the nut in the hole and onthe side of the panel removed from the nut flange all in one stroke, said .die comprising, a hollow member with channel-like recesses in its top, the hollow being thesize and contour of the unflanged portion of the, nut, and the edges of the die around the end of the hollow die being shearing edges when the punch pushesthe nut against the metal ofithe panel so as to shear a slug of the panel and drop it through the hollow interior of the die, however, the die at spots along its hollow interior departing from the shape of the body of the nut to provide edge portions at the inner ends and bottom of the channel-like recesses in the top of the die, which portions or nubs are located in the in terior of the hollow die to be in the path of the body of the nut when it is shearing through the panel to divert or swage a portion oh? the panel and the body of the nut and cause the same to flow outwardly into the channel recesses to thereby clinch the nut to the back of thepanel by extruded tongues all in the one shearing and punching operation.
References Cited in the file-of thispatent UNITED STATES PATENTS 513,655 Schoen Jan. 30, 1894 990,581 Neider Apr. 25, 1911 2,018,683 Meyer et al. Oct. 29, 1935 2,029,341 Sample et a1. Feb. 4, 1936 2,174,549 Blaho Oct. 3, 1939 2,308,471 Schwartz Jan. 12, 1943
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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2838968A (en) * 1955-11-23 1958-06-17 Arthur L Amend Metal stitching
US2883222A (en) * 1956-03-22 1959-04-21 Harvard Mfg Company Bedframe clamp
US3014609A (en) * 1958-06-24 1961-12-26 Talbot Tool Company Ltd Inserts for constructions of sheet metal or other sheet materials
US3091843A (en) * 1960-04-14 1963-06-04 Multifastener Corp Method of applying stress relieved fasteners
US3091842A (en) * 1959-06-12 1963-06-04 United Carr Fastener Corp Method of assembling a threaded nut in non-rotatable engagement with a support
US3187427A (en) * 1962-06-25 1965-06-08 Multifastener Corp Method of installing a clinch nut
US3187424A (en) * 1961-05-03 1965-06-08 Multifastener Corp Method of applying a fastener
US3213914A (en) * 1961-11-06 1965-10-26 Illinois Tool Works Self-piercing nut with attaching groove
US3253631A (en) * 1963-06-17 1966-05-31 Republic Steel Corp Cold-formed self-piercing nut
US3314138A (en) * 1961-10-10 1967-04-18 Multifastener Corp Method of assembling a pierce nut in a panel
US3602974A (en) * 1968-11-05 1971-09-07 Albert C Koett Pierce nut fastening means and method
FR2080668A1 (en) * 1970-02-20 1971-11-19 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co
US3766628A (en) * 1970-02-20 1973-10-23 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co Die for securing fasteners to sheet material
US3775833A (en) * 1970-02-20 1973-12-04 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co Method of securing fasteners to sheet material
US3920059A (en) * 1970-02-20 1975-11-18 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co Combination of relatively thin sheet of metal and pierce nut
US4064617A (en) * 1976-09-01 1977-12-27 Maclean-Fogg Lock Nut Company Die assembly and method for clinching fasteners to panels
US4348796A (en) * 1980-02-06 1982-09-14 Multifastener Corporation Nut installation apparatus and method
US4484385A (en) * 1982-07-13 1984-11-27 Multifastener Corporation Method of forming sealed nut and panel assembly
US4505416A (en) * 1982-07-13 1985-03-19 Multifastener Corporation Fastener installation apparatus
US4630363A (en) * 1982-07-13 1986-12-23 Multifastener Corporation Sealed nut and panel assembly apparatus
US5208963A (en) * 1991-05-01 1993-05-11 Multifastener Corporation Die for installing sealing fastener
US5239740A (en) * 1991-05-01 1993-08-31 Multifastener Corporation Method of installing sealing fastener
US6993831B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2006-02-07 Whitesell International Corporation Fastener installation apparatus
US20070253770A1 (en) * 2006-04-26 2007-11-01 Richard Bergner Verbindungstechnik Gmbh & Co. Kg Joined connection, joining element and method for inserting a joining element into a component
WO2011009850A1 (en) * 2009-07-22 2011-01-27 Arnold & Shinjo Gmbh & Co. Kg Fixing of rivet elements

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US513655A (en) * 1894-01-30 Method of making brake-shoes
US990581A (en) * 1910-03-10 1911-04-25 Fred A Neider Method of making flanged nuts.
US2018683A (en) * 1933-09-30 1935-10-29 Solar Sturges Mfg Co Method of inserting bushings in metal barrels
US2029341A (en) * 1932-05-18 1936-02-04 American Flange & Mfg Company Die mechanism for mounting bushings
US2174549A (en) * 1936-12-01 1939-10-03 Metal Fittings Inc Automobile accessory and method of making same
US2308471A (en) * 1940-04-06 1943-01-12 Barrel Fitting & Seal Corp Metal forming apparatus and method of operation

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US513655A (en) * 1894-01-30 Method of making brake-shoes
US990581A (en) * 1910-03-10 1911-04-25 Fred A Neider Method of making flanged nuts.
US2029341A (en) * 1932-05-18 1936-02-04 American Flange & Mfg Company Die mechanism for mounting bushings
US2018683A (en) * 1933-09-30 1935-10-29 Solar Sturges Mfg Co Method of inserting bushings in metal barrels
US2174549A (en) * 1936-12-01 1939-10-03 Metal Fittings Inc Automobile accessory and method of making same
US2308471A (en) * 1940-04-06 1943-01-12 Barrel Fitting & Seal Corp Metal forming apparatus and method of operation

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2838968A (en) * 1955-11-23 1958-06-17 Arthur L Amend Metal stitching
US2883222A (en) * 1956-03-22 1959-04-21 Harvard Mfg Company Bedframe clamp
US3014609A (en) * 1958-06-24 1961-12-26 Talbot Tool Company Ltd Inserts for constructions of sheet metal or other sheet materials
US3091842A (en) * 1959-06-12 1963-06-04 United Carr Fastener Corp Method of assembling a threaded nut in non-rotatable engagement with a support
US3091843A (en) * 1960-04-14 1963-06-04 Multifastener Corp Method of applying stress relieved fasteners
US3187424A (en) * 1961-05-03 1965-06-08 Multifastener Corp Method of applying a fastener
US3314138A (en) * 1961-10-10 1967-04-18 Multifastener Corp Method of assembling a pierce nut in a panel
US3213914A (en) * 1961-11-06 1965-10-26 Illinois Tool Works Self-piercing nut with attaching groove
US3187427A (en) * 1962-06-25 1965-06-08 Multifastener Corp Method of installing a clinch nut
US3253631A (en) * 1963-06-17 1966-05-31 Republic Steel Corp Cold-formed self-piercing nut
US3602974A (en) * 1968-11-05 1971-09-07 Albert C Koett Pierce nut fastening means and method
US3920059A (en) * 1970-02-20 1975-11-18 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co Combination of relatively thin sheet of metal and pierce nut
US3693237A (en) * 1970-02-20 1972-09-26 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co Method of securing fasteners to sheet material
FR2080668A1 (en) * 1970-02-20 1971-11-19 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co
US3775833A (en) * 1970-02-20 1973-12-04 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co Method of securing fasteners to sheet material
US3766628A (en) * 1970-02-20 1973-10-23 Mac Lean Fogg Lock Nut Co Die for securing fasteners to sheet material
US4064617A (en) * 1976-09-01 1977-12-27 Maclean-Fogg Lock Nut Company Die assembly and method for clinching fasteners to panels
US4348796A (en) * 1980-02-06 1982-09-14 Multifastener Corporation Nut installation apparatus and method
US4484385A (en) * 1982-07-13 1984-11-27 Multifastener Corporation Method of forming sealed nut and panel assembly
US4505416A (en) * 1982-07-13 1985-03-19 Multifastener Corporation Fastener installation apparatus
US4630363A (en) * 1982-07-13 1986-12-23 Multifastener Corporation Sealed nut and panel assembly apparatus
US5208963A (en) * 1991-05-01 1993-05-11 Multifastener Corporation Die for installing sealing fastener
US5239740A (en) * 1991-05-01 1993-08-31 Multifastener Corporation Method of installing sealing fastener
US6993831B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2006-02-07 Whitesell International Corporation Fastener installation apparatus
US20070253770A1 (en) * 2006-04-26 2007-11-01 Richard Bergner Verbindungstechnik Gmbh & Co. Kg Joined connection, joining element and method for inserting a joining element into a component
WO2011009850A1 (en) * 2009-07-22 2011-01-27 Arnold & Shinjo Gmbh & Co. Kg Fixing of rivet elements

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