US2746397A - Automatic switch for overhead track - Google Patents

Automatic switch for overhead track Download PDF

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Publication number
US2746397A
US2746397A US452845A US45284554A US2746397A US 2746397 A US2746397 A US 2746397A US 452845 A US452845 A US 452845A US 45284554 A US45284554 A US 45284554A US 2746397 A US2746397 A US 2746397A
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Prior art keywords
track
straight
switching element
portion
curved
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US452845A
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Fiell Sidney Le
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Fiell Sidney Le
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L23/00Control, warning, or like safety means along the route or between vehicles or vehicle trains
    • B61L23/002Control or safety means for heart-points and crossings of aerial railways, funicular rack-railway
    • B61L23/005Automatic control or safety means for points for operator-less railway, e.g. transportation systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G21/00Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors
    • B65G21/20Means incorporated in, or attached to, framework or housings for guiding load-carriers, traction elements or loads supported on moving surfaces
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/22Tracks for railways with the vehicle suspended from rigid supporting rails
    • E01B25/26Switches; Crossings

Description

May 22, 1956 5. LE FIELL AUTOMATIC SWITCH FOR OVERHEAD TRACK 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 30, 1954 IN V EN TOR.

Sidney Le F /'e// May 22, 1956 s. LE FIELL AUTOMATIC SWITCH FOR OVERHEAD TRACK Filed Aug. 50, 1954 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

S/UneyZe F/el/ May 22, 1956 s. LE FlELL AUTOMATIC SWITCH FOR OVERHEAD TRACK 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Aug. 50, 1954 INVENTOR. 5/0979 [6 F/a/l EAAQMW Ail" May 22, 1956 Filed Aug. 30, 1954 4 SheetsSheet 4 IN V EN TOR.

S/Uney 1e F/e// United States Patent 2,746,397 r AUTOMATIC SWITCH FoR' OVERHEAD TRACK v Sidney Le Fiell, sen Francisco, Calif.

Application August 1954, Serial No; 452,845

3 Claims. c1. 1'04'--10'1) This invention relates to new and useful improvements in an automatic switch for overhead tracks and is a continuationdu-part. of the application filed on May 11,

1953, bearing Serial No. 354,065, and now abandoned. i The principal object of this invention is to provide a unit switch which may be inserted within a straight line I switching elements automatically when a trolley passes into engagement with the open switching element.

Other objects andadvantages will be apparent during the course of the following description.- 7 h In the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification and in which like numbers are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,

Fig. 1 is a top .plan view of my switch unit; Fig. 2 is a side elevation of Fig. 1 I I n Fig. 3 is a front elevation of Fig. 1,. looking from the right of the drawing; M

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2, showing the counterweight and counterweight lever inreverse position, and lugs in bottom position; h p

Fig 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, showing the counterweight moved through its complete arc of movement;

Fig. 6 is a diagrammatic view, showing a switching operation from a straight track to a curved track; and

Fig. 7 is a similar view, showing the switching operation from a curved track toast'raight track; Fig. 8 is a diagrammatic view, showing the path of movement of the counterweight in the positions of Figs.

4 and 5; and I I 3 Fig. 9 is a similar view showing the movement of the counterweight when the same is arranged as shown, in Figs. 1 and 2. v

Fig. 10 isa perspective view of my switch showing the bridging element connected to the curved rail in down position on the straight rail.

There are many instances where it is necessary to move material from one point to another, as for instance in warehouses, meat packing plants and the like, where overhead tracks are used. These tracks may follow various patterns and in order to move from one straight track to another or to curved tracks and vice versa, it is necessary to provide switching mechanisms.

- Applicant has therefore devised a switching mechanism in the form of a unit having a straight portion and a curved portion spaced one from the other, and to provide bridging units or switching elements which are moved into and out of position so as to bridge the gap 2 during the time that the wheeled trolleys and loads are being transferred from one point to another.

It sometimes occurs that all of the trafiic over the rails will be in one direction, as, for instance,.in a straight-away run, or from a curved track into the straight-away run. In such instances it is advisable to have themechanism so set that the switching element will remain in fixed position during. the time that the trolleys are being moved thereover.

There are other instances where it is advisable to move, for instance, along a straight, track and then to reverse the movement on to the curved track. In such instances it is advisable to have the switching units so arranged that the trolley, in engaging one of the switching units, will cross it, thus permitting the load to pass over the gap to the continuation of the straight track and to then reverse the movement on to the curved track. In such. instances it is vital that the curved track switching-element return to closed position as soon as the load has moved ofi from the straight-track switching element. I have therefore provided such a mechanism.

In the accompanying drawings, wherein for the purpose of illustration is shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, the numeral 5 designates a yoke which connects a straight track section 6 to a curved track section 7. The straight track section has a portion thereof cut away as shown attl and adapte'dto be filled in by a switching element 9. The curved track- 7 has pivoted thereto, through the medium of an angularly disposed bracket 11, a curved switching element 12. 3 v

The switching element 9 is pivoted to an angularly disposed bracket 13 by an offset brace 14. .In order to move the switching elements 9 and 12 I provide a walking beam 16 pivoted as at 17 to the yoke A link 18 connects one end of the walking beam with the switching element 12, and a link 19 connects the opposite end of the walking beam with the bracket 14. The result is that when the walking beam 16--is moved aboutfits pivot 17, one of the switching elements will be moved into horizontal position so that a trolley can pass thereover, while the other switching element be raised.

In order to actuate the walking beam, I providea controlling lever 21' pivoted as at 22to the yoke 5. This lever has a counterweight 23 at one end thereof and a pull rod 24 at its opposite end.

Mounted upon the pivot 22 is a lever 26- which is connected' by a link 27 to the walking beam 16. e v

In order to cause the control lever 21 to actuate the lever 26 and to rock the walking beam 16, provide a pair of lugs 28 and 29 secured to one edge of the control lever 21, which are adapted to engage the top and bottom of the lever 26 so as to rock it about its pivot. In Fig.2 it will be noted that the lug-29 engages the underside oflever 26, which effects a lifting. of the switching element 9 and the lowering of the switching element 12. h h

When the lever 21 is in the position of Figs. 1, 2 and 3, a trolley coming from the left of the drawing along the straight track 6 will first engage the switching element 9, forcing it downwardly, and through the linkage 19, 17 and 18, the switching element 12 will be raised. This movement is illustrated in Fig. 7, wherein the switching element 9 moves from open to closed position, and the switching element 12 moves from closed to open position as shown. In so doing, the counterweight will be thrown from the dotted-line position at A in Fig. 9 to the full line position B through the fact that the counterweight is moved by the lever 26 pressing down on lug 29, and the downward movement will be caused by the link 27 pushing down on the lever 26 through the path shown by the dotted arrow moving to the position C, and the inertia of the movement will carry the counterweight over to the position B.

If the pull rod 24 is actuated, then the throw of the counterweight from the position of Fig. 2 to the posi-' tion B of Fig. 9 will cause the lug 28 to move against the lever 26 and throw the link 27 to move the walk- "ing beam 17 and consequently there will be lowering of the switching element 9v and the raising of the switch- 7 ing element 12.

When it is desired to change the switch so that there is an automatic closing of one of the switching elements, which will then immediately return to open position, it is only necessary toremove the control lever 21 from its pivot,'turn it over from the position of Fig. 2 to that of Fig. 4, with the result that the lugs 28 and 29 will now be below the arm hand the lug 29 will underlie the lever 26.

It is to be here noted that the counterweight will now be angularly disposed at a point below the pivot 22, while in Fig. 2 it was angularly disposed at a point above the pivot 22. I The result is that when a trolley comes along the straight track, for instance, and engages the switching element 9, this element will be depressed, but the movement of the counterweight will be only that indicated by the arrow D, Fig. 8. Therefore, as soon as the load moves off of the switching element 9, the switching element 9 will again be raised to open position ready to receive the next trolley which comes, for instance, from the left of the drawing in Fig. 6. This action is caused by the fact that the counterweight only raised and fell back through the are D of Fig. 8 and did not pass over the center as at Fig. 9.

Also due to the fact that the switching element has automatically opened itself again, the trolley can be moved directly over the closed switching element 12 to the curved track 7.

It is obvious that if the counterweight is moved to the dotted line position E, Fig. 8, the action will be to hold the element 12 open with the switching, element 9 in closed position, that is, if a trolley were coming from the upper portion of the drawing, Fig. 6, it would close switching element 12 and move on to the right-hand end of the straight track, after which 12 would again open,- and the trolley could then move toward the left of the drawing over the closed switching element 9.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

1. A switch unit for overhead tracks comprising a straight portion of track, a curved portion of track, the end of the curved portion being spaced from the straight portion and in the same horizontal plane therewith, a yoke connecting each of said track sections,the straight section of track having a portion of its upper section cut away to form a recess, said curved track section having its adjacent end cut away to form a ledge, a walking beam pivoted to said yoke, a link secured to each end of said walking beam, and a-switching element pivotally connected to each of said links and to its respective track sections, whereby movement of said walking beam will move alternately one of said switching elements into said recess in said straight track section or from said recess to said curved section.

2. A switching unit for overhead tracks comprising a straight track portion, a curved track portion, the end of said curved portion being spaced from said'straight track portion and in the sameplane therewith, a rigid yoke connecting said straight portion and said curved portion, said straight track portion having its upper surface recessed, said curved track portion having its end formed with a ledge, each of said track portionshaving an offset angularly disposed bracket secured thereto, each of said brackets having a lever pivoted thereto, each of said levers having a switching element secured thereto, and means for alternately moving said levers to cause the respective switching elements to fill said recess in said straight track or between said straight track and said curved track. A a

3. A switching unit for overhead'tracks comprising a straight track portion, a curved track portion, the end of said curved portion" being spaced from said straight track portion and in the-same plane therewith, a rigid yoke connecting said straight portion and said curved portion, said straight track portion having its upper portion recessed, said curved track portion-having its end formed with a ledge, each of saidtrack portions having offset angularly disposed brackets secured thereto, a switching element pivotally secured to each of said brackets, one of said switching elements pivoting from said curved track portion and adapted to have itsfree end moved into engagement with the recessed portion of said straight track portion, the other of said brackets having a switching element pivoted thereto and adapted to be moved into the recessed portion of said straight track portion, a walking beam pivoted to said yoke, links connecting the opposite ends of said walking beam with each of said switching elements, a lever pivoted to said yoke and having linked connection with's'aid walking beam, and a pivoted controlling lever mounted on the same pivot as said last mentioned lever, and means carried by said control lever for engaging said link-connected lever whereby said linkconnected lever may be moved in an upward or downward direction, said control lever having a counterweight arranged at one end thereof and a pull rod at its opposite end.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Le Fiell Dec. 26, 1950

US452845A 1954-08-30 1954-08-30 Automatic switch for overhead track Expired - Lifetime US2746397A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2845035A (en) * 1956-01-11 1958-07-29 Joseph Doria Z Peltier Swing switch
US3006287A (en) * 1958-05-07 1961-10-31 Cincinnati Butchers Supply Co Automatic track switch
US3063384A (en) * 1961-04-24 1962-11-13 Jr Charles Edwin Sackett Hanger switch
US3144836A (en) * 1962-04-03 1964-08-18 Robert W Cripe Monorail system
US3503336A (en) * 1967-09-15 1970-03-31 Cincinnati Butchers Supply Co Switch mechanism for overhead trolley
US3739727A (en) * 1971-07-28 1973-06-19 B Bedford Automatic switch for slaughterhouse and meat packer rails
US4646646A (en) * 1984-07-30 1987-03-03 The Cincinnati Butchers' Supply Company Overhead trolley track switch
WO1987006549A1 (en) * 1986-04-22 1987-11-05 Öhrnell Conveyorsystem Aktiebolag Switch in a conveyor system with overhead carriages
US5152226A (en) * 1991-05-24 1992-10-06 Bond Equipment Corp. Track switch with dual shaft pivot and rotatable hub connected to switch components and mounted on an outer pivot shaft having a greater preset length
US20090038498A1 (en) * 2007-08-09 2009-02-12 Todd Jager Rail section and switch mechanism for a conveyor assembly and method of making and assembling same

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US571607A (en) * 1896-11-17 Overhead switch and hanger
US1072409A (en) * 1912-09-04 1913-09-02 Thomas J Sweet Switch.
US1327249A (en) * 1919-09-04 1920-01-06 Oehler Richard Overhead conveyer system
US1327290A (en) * 1919-05-05 1920-01-06 Oehler Richard Overhead roller conveyer system
US2517326A (en) * 1946-02-13 1950-08-01 Fiell Sidney Le Switch unit for overhead tracks
US2535541A (en) * 1947-09-02 1950-12-26 Fiell Sidney Le Switch for overhead tracks

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US571607A (en) * 1896-11-17 Overhead switch and hanger
US1072409A (en) * 1912-09-04 1913-09-02 Thomas J Sweet Switch.
US1327290A (en) * 1919-05-05 1920-01-06 Oehler Richard Overhead roller conveyer system
US1327249A (en) * 1919-09-04 1920-01-06 Oehler Richard Overhead conveyer system
US2517326A (en) * 1946-02-13 1950-08-01 Fiell Sidney Le Switch unit for overhead tracks
US2535541A (en) * 1947-09-02 1950-12-26 Fiell Sidney Le Switch for overhead tracks

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2845035A (en) * 1956-01-11 1958-07-29 Joseph Doria Z Peltier Swing switch
US3006287A (en) * 1958-05-07 1961-10-31 Cincinnati Butchers Supply Co Automatic track switch
US3063384A (en) * 1961-04-24 1962-11-13 Jr Charles Edwin Sackett Hanger switch
US3144836A (en) * 1962-04-03 1964-08-18 Robert W Cripe Monorail system
US3503336A (en) * 1967-09-15 1970-03-31 Cincinnati Butchers Supply Co Switch mechanism for overhead trolley
US3739727A (en) * 1971-07-28 1973-06-19 B Bedford Automatic switch for slaughterhouse and meat packer rails
US4646646A (en) * 1984-07-30 1987-03-03 The Cincinnati Butchers' Supply Company Overhead trolley track switch
WO1987006549A1 (en) * 1986-04-22 1987-11-05 Öhrnell Conveyorsystem Aktiebolag Switch in a conveyor system with overhead carriages
US5152226A (en) * 1991-05-24 1992-10-06 Bond Equipment Corp. Track switch with dual shaft pivot and rotatable hub connected to switch components and mounted on an outer pivot shaft having a greater preset length
US20090038498A1 (en) * 2007-08-09 2009-02-12 Todd Jager Rail section and switch mechanism for a conveyor assembly and method of making and assembling same
US20100229704A1 (en) * 2007-08-09 2010-09-16 Todd Jager Method of forming conveyor rail sections
US7992828B2 (en) 2007-08-09 2011-08-09 Industrial Design Fabrication & Installation, Inc. Rail switch and rail section for a conveyor assembly and method of assembling same
US8011304B2 (en) 2007-08-09 2011-09-06 Industrial Design Fabrication & Installation, Inc. Gate retention mechanism for a conveyor assembly

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