US2730872A - Evaporator incorporating accumulator wells and feed grid - Google Patents

Evaporator incorporating accumulator wells and feed grid Download PDF

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Publication number
US2730872A
US2730872A US432230A US43223054A US2730872A US 2730872 A US2730872 A US 2730872A US 432230 A US432230 A US 432230A US 43223054 A US43223054 A US 43223054A US 2730872 A US2730872 A US 2730872A
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accumulator
evaporator
box
tube
wells
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US432230A
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James A Hall
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Reynolds Metals Co
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Reynolds Metals Co
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Priority to US432230A priority Critical patent/US2730872A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B39/00Evaporators; Condensers
    • F25B39/02Evaporators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2339/00Details of evaporators; Details of condensers
    • F25B2339/02Details of evaporators
    • F25B2339/023Evaporators consisting of one or several sheets on one face of which is fixed a refrigerant carrying coil
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B43/00Arrangements for separating or purifying gases or liquids; Arrangements for vaporising the residuum of liquid refrigerant, e.g. by heat
    • F25B43/006Accumulators

Definitions

  • This invention relates to heat exchange devices, and particularly to evaporators for household refrigerators and deep freeze units, in which customarily the evaporator tubing incorporates an accumulator consisting of an elongated tube of several times the diameter of the tubing which encompasses the evaporator box, which box, in household refrigerators, receives trays for the production of ice cubes, and which generally incorporates other compartments for freezing purposes.
  • the invention is particularly directed toward eliminating the said accumulators by means of the circuit tubing itself, so that less parts are handled in the formation of the evaporator, welding of the conventional enlarged accumula tor is eliminated, and space is conserved.
  • Fig. l is a perspective view showing the right-hand side of the evaporator
  • Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. l, with the evaporator turned so as to dispose the left-hand side thereof;
  • Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the tubing, the box not being shown.
  • the evaporator has a refrigerant inlet A and a refrigerant outlet B.
  • the liquid refrigerant led into the inlet A passes upwardly to the top area of the box 1 and longitudinally thereof, thence passing through the tubing C to the bottom of the box.
  • the refrigerant then passes back and forth in a multiplicity of turns so that it is retained for a substantial length of flow in the most effective area for direct bottom contact with items desired for quick freezmg.
  • liquid refrigerant not evaporated in the tubular turns D passes upwardly through tube E, and thence through transverse tube F to the left-hand side of the evaporator box and to accumulator well G.
  • the refrigerant flows upwardly and thus through transverse pipe M to accumulator well H, thence through tube M to accumulator well I, thence to accumulator well K and finally to accumulator well L.
  • the capacity of these acctunulator wells H to L inclusive may be equal, or one or more may have greater capacity.
  • Accumulator G fed from tubes D and E is in the forepart of the evaporator, which makes the front of the evaporator remain cold even though the refrigerator door may meet some warm air. This location gives proper refrigerant distribution.
  • the greater capacity of accumulator well K is to assure that little, if. any, liquid refrigerant will go beyond tube 0.
  • the minor amount of refrigerant which does go beyond tube 0 will be evaporated in the final accumulator well L.
  • that refrigerant which remains in tube D will be immediately effective for quick freezing. The same applies to refrigerant remaining in accumulator wells G, H, J K and L.
  • the evaporator proper (D and C) is a continuation of the same tube that forms the accumulator series, which enables the production of an evaporator-accumulator of low cost and long life.
  • the tubes are bent into flat formation so that they may be laid upon a sheet comprising the box metal blank and brazed thereto, thereupon the metal box wall sheet or blank may be bent into shape, its longitudinal margins being lapped and riveted.
  • an evaporator consisting of a boxlike support having an open front. a top, a bottom, and sides, of a continuous length of tubing passing back and forth across the bottom of the box in a multiplicity of turns, and also passing back and forth across the top of the box in a multiplicity of turns, the last named turns being loops at each side of the box extending downwardly in a vertical plane and contacting the sides of the box, and at least one of said loops comprising a major depending area and a plurality of the remaining loops comprising minor depending areas of lesser capacity, and an inlet and outlet for said tubing, the loop of major depending area being preceded from the inlet by a plurality of the loops of minor area and capacity, said loops constituting accumulator wells confined to vertical planes.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Heat-Exchange Devices With Radiators And Conduit Assemblies (AREA)

Description

J. A. HALL Jan. 17, 1956 EVAPORATOR INCORPORTING ACCUMULATOR WELLS AND FEED GRID Filed May 25, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet l United States Patent E APoRATflR IN CORPORATING ACCUMULATOR WELLS AND FEED GRID James A. Hall, Louisville, Ky., assignor to Reynolds Metals Company, Richmond, Va., a corporation of Delaware Application May 25, 1954, Serial No. 432,230
1 Claim. (Cl. 62-426) This invention relates to heat exchange devices, and particularly to evaporators for household refrigerators and deep freeze units, in which customarily the evaporator tubing incorporates an accumulator consisting of an elongated tube of several times the diameter of the tubing which encompasses the evaporator box, which box, in household refrigerators, receives trays for the production of ice cubes, and which generally incorporates other compartments for freezing purposes. The invention is particularly directed toward eliminating the said accumulators by means of the circuit tubing itself, so that less parts are handled in the formation of the evaporator, welding of the conventional enlarged accumula tor is eliminated, and space is conserved.
The invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. l is a perspective view showing the right-hand side of the evaporator;
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. l, with the evaporator turned so as to dispose the left-hand side thereof; and
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the tubing, the box not being shown.
Referring particularly to Figs. 1 and 3, the evaporator has a refrigerant inlet A and a refrigerant outlet B. The liquid refrigerant led into the inlet A passes upwardly to the top area of the box 1 and longitudinally thereof, thence passing through the tubing C to the bottom of the box. The refrigerant then passes back and forth in a multiplicity of turns so that it is retained for a substantial length of flow in the most effective area for direct bottom contact with items desired for quick freezmg.
The liquid refrigerant not evaporated in the tubular turns D passes upwardly through tube E, and thence through transverse tube F to the left-hand side of the evaporator box and to accumulator well G. Liquid refrigerant which in some cases is present, due to relatively low internal refrigeration temperature, or low external temperature, is retained in accumulator well G, and the refrigerant level maintained depends on the excess of liquid refrigerant from tubes D, E and F.
From accumulator well G, the refrigerant flows upwardly and thus through transverse pipe M to accumulator well H, thence through tube M to accumulator well I, thence to accumulator well K and finally to accumulator well L. The capacity of these acctunulator wells H to L inclusive may be equal, or one or more may have greater capacity.
en the accumulator well G has relatively small ca- 2,730,872 Patented Jan. i7, 1956 pacity, refrigeration action occurs in most cases in tube M. If there is sufficient liquid refrigerant to fill accumulator well H, refrigeration action occurs in tube N, and likewise for the remaining tubes and accumulators.
Accumulator G fed from tubes D and E is in the forepart of the evaporator, which makes the front of the evaporator remain cold even though the refrigerator door may meet some warm air. This location gives proper refrigerant distribution.
The greater capacity of accumulator well K is to assure that little, if. any, liquid refrigerant will go beyond tube 0. The minor amount of refrigerant which does go beyond tube 0 will be evaporated in the final accumulator well L. During the start of a freezing cycle, that refrigerant which remains in tube D will be immediately effective for quick freezing. The same applies to refrigerant remaining in accumulator wells G, H, J K and L.
Except for the inlet and outlet members A and B, which may be welded at 2, the evaporator proper (D and C) is a continuation of the same tube that forms the accumulator series, which enables the production of an evaporator-accumulator of low cost and long life.
Under some conditions, surplus liquid refrigerant not evaporated in tube P is fed back into tube 0 due to internal pressure conditions. This re-feeding accelerates the start of freezing after a defrost cycle or an extended off period.
Close contact between the tubular areas and the box 1 may be secured by brazing the tubes to the box wall. Generally the tubes are bent into flat formation so that they may be laid upon a sheet comprising the box metal blank and brazed thereto, thereupon the metal box wall sheet or blank may be bent into shape, its longitudinal margins being lapped and riveted.
It will be understood that various modifications may be made in the form and arrangement of the elements illustrated in the embodiment above described, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having described my invention, what i claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is as follows:
In heat exchangers, an evaporator consisting of a boxlike support having an open front. a top, a bottom, and sides, of a continuous length of tubing passing back and forth across the bottom of the box in a multiplicity of turns, and also passing back and forth across the top of the box in a multiplicity of turns, the last named turns being loops at each side of the box extending downwardly in a vertical plane and contacting the sides of the box, and at least one of said loops comprising a major depending area and a plurality of the remaining loops comprising minor depending areas of lesser capacity, and an inlet and outlet for said tubing, the loop of major depending area being preceded from the inlet by a plurality of the loops of minor area and capacity, said loops constituting accumulator wells confined to vertical planes.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,597,267 Shoemaker May 20, i952
US432230A 1954-05-25 1954-05-25 Evaporator incorporating accumulator wells and feed grid Expired - Lifetime US2730872A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2934917A (en) * 1956-02-27 1960-05-03 Rudy Mfg Company Evaporator
WO2007115877A2 (en) * 2006-04-05 2007-10-18 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH Refrigerating device comprising tubular evaporators
US20140182328A1 (en) * 2008-09-10 2014-07-03 Panasonic Healthcare Co., Ltd. Refrigerating apparatus

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2597267A (en) * 1949-11-29 1952-05-20 Philco Corp Refrigerator having an evaporator provided with a movable section

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2597267A (en) * 1949-11-29 1952-05-20 Philco Corp Refrigerator having an evaporator provided with a movable section

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2934917A (en) * 1956-02-27 1960-05-03 Rudy Mfg Company Evaporator
WO2007115877A2 (en) * 2006-04-05 2007-10-18 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH Refrigerating device comprising tubular evaporators
WO2007115877A3 (en) * 2006-04-05 2007-11-29 Bsh Bosch Siemens Hausgeraete Refrigerating device comprising tubular evaporators
US20090120125A1 (en) * 2006-04-05 2009-05-14 Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh. Refrigerating device comprising tubular evaporators
US8122737B2 (en) 2006-04-05 2012-02-28 Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh Refrigerating device comprising tubular evaporators
US20140182328A1 (en) * 2008-09-10 2014-07-03 Panasonic Healthcare Co., Ltd. Refrigerating apparatus
US20140182327A1 (en) * 2008-09-10 2014-07-03 Panasonic Healthcare Co., Ltd. Refrigerating apparatus
US9335070B2 (en) * 2008-09-10 2016-05-10 Panasonic Healthcare Holdings Co., Ltd. Refrigerating apparatus
US9360238B2 (en) * 2008-09-10 2016-06-07 Panasonic Healthcare Holdings Co., Ltd. Refrigerating apparatus

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