US2728643A - Corrosion inhibited gasoline - Google Patents

Corrosion inhibited gasoline Download PDF

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US2728643A
US2728643A US259700A US25970051A US2728643A US 2728643 A US2728643 A US 2728643A US 259700 A US259700 A US 259700A US 25970051 A US25970051 A US 25970051A US 2728643 A US2728643 A US 2728643A
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gasoline
amine
aniline
carbon atoms
corrosion
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Vaughn Samuel Clyde
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TIDE WATER ASSOCIATED OIL Co
TIDE WATER ASSOCIATED OIL COMP
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/22Organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • C10L1/222Organic compounds containing nitrogen containing at least one carbon-to-nitrogen single bond
    • C10L1/223Organic compounds containing nitrogen containing at least one carbon-to-nitrogen single bond having at least one amino group bound to an aromatic carbon atom
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/26Organic compounds containing phosphorus
    • C10L1/2633Organic compounds containing phosphorus phosphorus bond to oxygen (no P. C. bond)
    • C10L1/2658Organic compounds containing phosphorus phosphorus bond to oxygen (no P. C. bond) amine salts

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to corrosion inhibitors for gasolines having high octane ratings, and especially those gasolines designed for use in aircraft type internal combustion engines. More particularly, it relates to corrosion inhibitors formed as reaction products from alkyl acid phosphates and certain amines, and, which are compatible with other desirable additives. It further relates to anti-corrosive gasoline and means for producing the same. It also relates to the means for manufacturing corrosion inhibitors.
  • the appearance of water as a separate phase in aviation gasoline may be caused either by entrained water from the fueling pumps used in fueling aircraft, since these use water displacement to pump the gasoline; or, by moisture in the air above the gasoline in the fuel tank, since, at temperatures prevalent in high altitude flying, the moisture condenses and precipitates.
  • Another class of important additives often used in aviation gasoline is the anti-knock agents, designed particularly for rich mixture operation.
  • aniline and its homologs such as for example, ethyl aniline, methyl aniline, amyl aniline, diamyl aniline, cumidine, and xylidine.
  • aromatic amines are very effective for this particular purpose when used in proportions of about one to three percent of the gasoline, and function as cumene substitutes in aviation gasoline blends.
  • the amine and alkyl acid phosphate may be reacted, or neutralized, by mixing the theoretical neutralizing quan' tities of the two components, heating above room temperature care being taken not to exceed temperature at which decomposition takes place, and then thoroughly mixing until reaction is complete.
  • the reaction product is tested to determine the degree of neutralization, and after neutralization is confirmed as complete, said reaction product is then blended into gasoline as desired, or may be blended into a small amount of gasoline to be used as a gasoline concentrate.
  • the aniline or homolog thereof may be added in whatever order desired.
  • the amine-alkyl acid phosphate neutralization product is insoluble in aniline and its homologs and as a consequence thereof a one package additive is not practical.
  • Another procedure for manufacturing the novel reaction products which inhibit corrosion comprises dissolving the amine or gasoline concentrate of amine in the gasoline to be treated, and then adding a predetermined amount of alkyl acid phosphate.
  • the alkyl acid phosphate may be added to the gasoline and then the required amount of amine added.
  • the blend is then mixed thoroughly for about a half-hour to insure complete reaction.
  • a similar procedure may be followed for the preparation of a gasoline concentrate, should this be desired.
  • the blend or concentrate is then tested for degree of neutralization, and when found to be satisfactory as evidenced by its non-precipitation or non-haze formation, the aniline or its homolog, or a gasoline concentrate thereof, may then be added and the gasoline thoroughly mixed for ultimate use.
  • the preferred alkyl acid phosphate is Lorol acid phosphate, which is a mixture of the phosphoric esters of Lorol alcohol.
  • the term LoroI alcohol is used in the trade to denote a mixture of primary normal aliphatic alcohols of 8 to'l2 carbon atoms which are obtained by fractionation of the alcohols resulting from the reduction of cocoanut and/or palm kernel oils.
  • Lorol acid phosphate mixtures are readily obtainable on the market and for this reason are preferred to the more purified esters of greater scarcity and higher price.
  • One Lorol acid phosphate is sold under the trade name Ortholeum 162 and is understood to be mainly a mixture of mono and di acid phosphates of Lorol" alcohol.
  • the excellent quality gasolines which may be produced by the present process comprise products resulting from reaction of the aforementioned alkyl acid phosphates with branched chain mono alkyl mono amines of four or more carbon atoms and having no more than two carbon atoms in any one side chain.
  • Examples of these amines are as follows: iso amyl amine, 1 methyl propyl amine, 2 amino 4 methyl pentane, 2 amino n-octane, 2 ethyl hexyl amine, 3,5,5, tri methyl hexylamine, l,l,3,3, tetramethyl butylamine, iso butylamine, mixed branched chain octadecylamines (such as those marketed by Rohm & Haas under the trade name Alkylamine IMR), and mixed branched chain l215 carbon atom alkyl amines (such as those marketed by Rohm & Haas under the trade name Alkylamine 81R).
  • the proper proportions of amine and alkyl acid phosphate may readily be determined by an electrometric titration of a sample of the alkyl acid phosphate with aqueous KOH solution to a pH of about 9. From the amount of KOH used the quantity of amine required to neutralize the acid radicals of the phosphate may easily be calculated. It is always desirable to have a slight excess of amine present, and good results have been obtained with as much as 50% excess of amine.
  • the lower concentration limit of the reaction product with respect to the finished gasoline should be about 0.002% by weight. This was determined by means of ASTM D665-47T corrosion test modified to a bath temperature of 80-82 F.
  • the upper concentration limit is determined by that amount of neutralization product which would cause engine deterioration due to the excessive quantity of phosphates then presentv This upper limit is about 0.05% by weight.
  • Example I Into a suitable vessel equipped with means for heating, agitating, and cooling the charge, there are introduced 122 parts of 3,5,5, tri methyl hexylamine followed gradually by 150 parts of a mixture of mono and di Lorol acid phosphates (Ortholeum 162). The mixture is agitated vigorously and cooled as required to keep the temperature below 200 F. The reaction is vigorous and exothermic, consequently the rate of addition of the phosphate is controlled to avoid exceeding the above temperature limit. The resulting mixture is stirred for about 1 hour at 140 F. The reaction product is a viscous, oily liquid, yellow in color.
  • This reaction product is then tested for suitability as an additive for aviation gasolines containing aniline or homologs thereof by means of the aforementioned neutralization test.
  • Example 11 A by weight solution in gasoline of the finished additive from Example I is prepared by dissolving 100 pounds of thereactionproduct in 900 pounds of gasoline in a mixer. The gasoline-additive concentrate is thoroughly mixed for about one hour, and 50 pounds of this concentrate then blended into 17,000 gallons of aviation gasoline. The resulting mixture is agitated for about 15 minutes. Finally, 1020 pounds of mixed xylidines are "added and mixing continued for an additional 30 minutes.
  • Example III Example IV The same procedure is used as in Example I except that 62 parts of 1 methyl propyl amine are introduced into the vessel in lieu of 122 parts of 3,5,5 trimethyl hexylamine and 1500 pounds of methyl aniline are used instead of the mixed xylidines.
  • Example V The same procedure is used as in Example I except that 62 parts of 1 methyl propyl amine are introduced into the vessel in lieu of 122 parts of 3,5,5 trimethyl hexylamine, and 3000 pounds of methyl aniline are used instead of the mixed xylidines.
  • Example VI The same procedure is used as in Example I except that parts of 2 ethyl hexylamine are introduced into the vessel in lieu of 122 parts of 3,5,5, trimethyl hexylamine.
  • Example VII The same procedure is used as in Example I except that 86 parts of 2 amino 4 methyl pentane are introduced into the vessel in lieu of 122 parts of 3,5,5, trimethyl hexylamine.
  • aviation gasolines are used in the above examples for purposes of illustration, and such gasolines may comprise the following:
  • reaction product of the present invention may be blended in proper proportions in any desired gasoline with the advantage that the purchaser or user may add any suitable amount of aniline or homologs thereof, for the purpose of obtaining desirable rich mixture anti-knock properties, without difiiculties arising from precipitation or haze formation which is generally encountered when less satisfactory corrosion inhibitors are used.
  • a completely homogeneous, corrosion-resistant aviation fuel having a high rich mixture anti-knock .rating, comprising gasoline containing sufiicient aromatic of aniline to substantially increase the rich mixture anti-knock properties of the gasoline and between 0.002% and 0.05% by weight of the finished gasoline of the addition product resulting from contacting an alkyl acid phosphate having from 8 to 16 carbon atoms per alkyl group with between 100% and 150% of the quantity theoretically required to neutralize said phosphate of a branched chain mono alkyl mono amine of at least four carbon atoms, and less than three carbon atoms in any one side chain.
  • An anti-corrosive gasoline as in claim the amine is 1 methyl propyl amine.
  • An anti-corrosive gasoline as in claim the amine is 2 ethyl hexylamine.
  • An anti-corrosive gasoline as in claim the amine is 2 amino 4 methyl pentane.
  • the method of inhibiting the formation of an insoluble precipitate when an amine-phosphate corrosion inhibitor is added to a gasoline containing an aniline octane booster which comprises adding to a gasoline an alkyl acid phosphate having 8 to 16 carbon atoms per 1 wherein 1 wherein 1 wherein 6 alkyl group, adding between and about of the quantity theoretically required to neutralize said phosphate of a branched chain rnono alkyl mono amine having at least four carbon atoms and less than three carbon atoms per side chain, agitating the mixture until neutralization is complete While holding the temperature above room temperature and below 200 F., then adding sufiicient aromatic amine from the group consisting of aniline and homologs of aniline to substantially increase the rich mixture anti-knock properties of the gasoline, the amounts of the amine and the phosphate being sufiicient to produce an addition product of between 0.002% and 0.05% by weight of the finished gasoline.

Description

nited States Patent Application December 3, 1951, Serial No. 259,700
\ 7 Claims. (Cl. 44-60) No Drawing.
The present invention relates to corrosion inhibitors for gasolines having high octane ratings, and especially those gasolines designed for use in aircraft type internal combustion engines. More particularly, it relates to corrosion inhibitors formed as reaction products from alkyl acid phosphates and certain amines, and, which are compatible with other desirable additives. It further relates to anti-corrosive gasoline and means for producing the same. It also relates to the means for manufacturing corrosion inhibitors.
Recently, corrosion inhibitors for gasoline have attained importance as a result of research designed to inhibit corrosion in fuel systems and storage tanks, particularly where moist gasoline may come in contact with such metals as iron, copper, brass or the like. This type of corrosion is caused usually by the presence of water, and occurs generally at the water-gasoline interface. Furthermore, various components used in leaded gasolines are thought to be active promoters of corrosion.
The appearance of water as a separate phase in aviation gasoline may be caused either by entrained water from the fueling pumps used in fueling aircraft, since these use water displacement to pump the gasoline; or, by moisture in the air above the gasoline in the fuel tank, since, at temperatures prevalent in high altitude flying, the moisture condenses and precipitates.
Another class of important additives often used in aviation gasoline is the anti-knock agents, designed particularly for rich mixture operation. Foremost among these additives are aniline and its homologs, such as for example, ethyl aniline, methyl aniline, amyl aniline, diamyl aniline, cumidine, and xylidine. These aromatic amines are very effective for this particular purpose when used in proportions of about one to three percent of the gasoline, and function as cumene substitutes in aviation gasoline blends.
Although corrosion inhibitors and octane improvers function excellently when each is 'used in the absence of the other, many of the common corrosion inhibitors are not compatible with the aforesaid rich mixture antiknock boosters. Consequently, when many of the alkyl acid phosphate-amine neutralization products are added to a gasoline containing aniline or a homolog of aniline an undesirable precipitate or haze forms. The deleterious effects of precipitates in liquid fuels are well recognized, and in this instance they may form a stoppage in carburetor jets or other fine orifices as well as remove a substantial portion of the corrosion inhibitor from. the gasoline solution. It will also be appreciated that gasoline homogeneity is one of the accepted requisites of marketability.
In accordance with the invention, it has been found that when alkyl acid phosphates are reacted, or neutralized, with certain specific amines hereinafter enumerated excellent gasoline soluble corrosion inhibitors are produced which do not form precipitates or haze'in gasoline solutions containing aniline or its ho'mologs.
While certain variations anddev'iationsfrom the 'teachings of the present invention are encompassed within its scope and spirit, it is nevertheless recommended that the process of manufacturing the finished gasolines containing desired additives be carried out in specified steps. For example, the order of addition of materials as well as the method of mixing the components must follow definite patterns.
The amine and alkyl acid phosphate may be reacted, or neutralized, by mixing the theoretical neutralizing quan' tities of the two components, heating above room temperature care being taken not to exceed temperature at which decomposition takes place, and then thoroughly mixing until reaction is complete. The reaction product is tested to determine the degree of neutralization, and after neutralization is confirmed as complete, said reaction product is then blended into gasoline as desired, or may be blended into a small amount of gasoline to be used as a gasoline concentrate. The aniline or homolog thereof may be added in whatever order desired. However, the amine-alkyl acid phosphate neutralization product is insoluble in aniline and its homologs and as a consequence thereof a one package additive is not practical.
Another procedure for manufacturing the novel reaction products which inhibit corrosion comprises dissolving the amine or gasoline concentrate of amine in the gasoline to be treated, and then adding a predetermined amount of alkyl acid phosphate. Alternately, the alkyl acid phosphate may be added to the gasoline and then the required amount of amine added. The blend is then mixed thoroughly for about a half-hour to insure complete reaction. A similar procedure may be followed for the preparation of a gasoline concentrate, should this be desired. The blend or concentrate is then tested for degree of neutralization, and when found to be satisfactory as evidenced by its non-precipitation or non-haze formation, the aniline or its homolog, or a gasoline concentrate thereof, may then be added and the gasoline thoroughly mixed for ultimate use.
It is an important qualification of the present process that the aniline or homolog thereof never be mixed with a blend containing the alkyl acid phosphate until all of the acidity of the alkyl acid phosphate has been neutralized by the amine. To test the degree of neutralization, the
following procedure has been found to be effective. A
commercial reasons, the preferred alkyl acid phosphate is Lorol acid phosphate, which is a mixture of the phosphoric esters of Lorol alcohol. The term LoroI alcohol is used in the trade to denote a mixture of primary normal aliphatic alcohols of 8 to'l2 carbon atoms which are obtained by fractionation of the alcohols resulting from the reduction of cocoanut and/or palm kernel oils. Lorol acid phosphate mixtures are readily obtainable on the market and for this reason are preferred to the more purified esters of greater scarcity and higher price. One Lorol acid phosphate is sold under the trade name Ortholeum 162 and is understood to be mainly a mixture of mono and di acid phosphates of Lorol" alcohol. Though for the reasons stated above Lorol" acid phosphates'are preferred, other alkyl acid phosphates containing from 8 to '16 carbon atoms per alkyl group are satisfactory. For example, a commercial grade of n=octyl 3 acid phosphate was found to produce an excellent reaction product.
i The excellent quality gasolines which may be produced by the present process comprise products resulting from reaction of the aforementioned alkyl acid phosphates with branched chain mono alkyl mono amines of four or more carbon atoms and having no more than two carbon atoms in any one side chain. Examples of these amines are as follows: iso amyl amine, 1 methyl propyl amine, 2 amino 4 methyl pentane, 2 amino n-octane, 2 ethyl hexyl amine, 3,5,5, tri methyl hexylamine, l,l,3,3, tetramethyl butylamine, iso butylamine, mixed branched chain octadecylamines (such as those marketed by Rohm & Haas under the trade name Alkylamine IMR), and mixed branched chain l215 carbon atom alkyl amines (such as those marketed by Rohm & Haas under the trade name Alkylamine 81R).
To form the desired neutralization product, the proper proportions of amine and alkyl acid phosphate may readily be determined by an electrometric titration of a sample of the alkyl acid phosphate with aqueous KOH solution to a pH of about 9. From the amount of KOH used the quantity of amine required to neutralize the acid radicals of the phosphate may easily be calculated. It is always desirable to have a slight excess of amine present, and good results have been obtained with as much as 50% excess of amine.
In order to prevent corrosion effectively, the lower concentration limit of the reaction product with respect to the finished gasoline should be about 0.002% by weight. This was determined by means of ASTM D665-47T corrosion test modified to a bath temperature of 80-82 F. The upper concentration limit is determined by that amount of neutralization product which would cause engine deterioration due to the excessive quantity of phosphates then presentv This upper limit is about 0.05% by weight.
Certain embodiments of the present invention are more fully illustrated by the following examples:
Example I Into a suitable vessel equipped with means for heating, agitating, and cooling the charge, there are introduced 122 parts of 3,5,5, tri methyl hexylamine followed gradually by 150 parts of a mixture of mono and di Lorol acid phosphates (Ortholeum 162). The mixture is agitated vigorously and cooled as required to keep the temperature below 200 F. The reaction is vigorous and exothermic, consequently the rate of addition of the phosphate is controlled to avoid exceeding the above temperature limit. The resulting mixture is stirred for about 1 hour at 140 F. The reaction product is a viscous, oily liquid, yellow in color.
This reaction product is then tested for suitability as an additive for aviation gasolines containing aniline or homologs thereof by means of the aforementioned neutralization test.
Finally, five pounds of the finished additive are added to 17,000'gallons of aviation gasoline in a blender and agitated for about 15 minutes. Then 1020 pounds of mixed xylidines are added and the mixture resulting therefrom is agitated for about a half-hour. The final gasoline is completely homogeneous, free from haze, corrosion resistant, and has a rich mixture anti-knock rating commensurate with the amount of xylidines used.
Example 11 A by weight solution in gasoline of the finished additive from Example I is prepared by dissolving 100 pounds of thereactionproduct in 900 pounds of gasoline in a mixer. The gasoline-additive concentrate is thoroughly mixed for about one hour, and 50 pounds of this concentrate then blended into 17,000 gallons of aviation gasoline. The resulting mixture is agitated for about 15 minutes. Finally, 1020 pounds of mixed xylidines are "added and mixing continued for an additional 30 minutes.
This finished product is comparable to that obtained in Example I.
Example III Example IV The same procedure is used as in Example I except that 62 parts of 1 methyl propyl amine are introduced into the vessel in lieu of 122 parts of 3,5,5 trimethyl hexylamine and 1500 pounds of methyl aniline are used instead of the mixed xylidines.
Example V The same procedure is used as in Example I except that 62 parts of 1 methyl propyl amine are introduced into the vessel in lieu of 122 parts of 3,5,5 trimethyl hexylamine, and 3000 pounds of methyl aniline are used instead of the mixed xylidines.
Example VI The same procedure is used as in Example I except that parts of 2 ethyl hexylamine are introduced into the vessel in lieu of 122 parts of 3,5,5, trimethyl hexylamine.
Example VII The same procedure is used as in Example I except that 86 parts of 2 amino 4 methyl pentane are introduced into the vessel in lieu of 122 parts of 3,5,5, trimethyl hexylamine.
Although aviation gasolines are used in the above examples for purposes of illustration, and such gasolines may comprise the following:
Alkylate percent 70-88 Aromatics do 5-16 Isopentane do 5-14 Tetraethyl lead cc. per gallon 4 nevertheless, the invention in its broadest scope comprehends the treatment of any motor fuel. Similarly, it will be appreciated that the reaction product of the present invention may be blended in proper proportions in any desired gasoline with the advantage that the purchaser or user may add any suitable amount of aniline or homologs thereof, for the purpose of obtaining desirable rich mixture anti-knock properties, without difiiculties arising from precipitation or haze formation which is generally encountered when less satisfactory corrosion inhibitors are used.
It will now be apparent that I have devised a novel and useful process and composition of matter which embodies the features of advantage enumerated as desirable in the statement of the invention and the above description and while in the present instance there are described the preferred embodiments thereof which have been found in practice to give satisfactory and reliable results, it is to be understood that the same is susceptible of modification in various particulars without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages.
I claim:
1. A completely homogeneous, corrosion-resistant aviation fuel, having a high rich mixture anti-knock .rating, comprising gasoline containing sufiicient aromatic of aniline to substantially increase the rich mixture anti-knock properties of the gasoline and between 0.002% and 0.05% by weight of the finished gasoline of the addition product resulting from contacting an alkyl acid phosphate having from 8 to 16 carbon atoms per alkyl group with between 100% and 150% of the quantity theoretically required to neutralize said phosphate of a branched chain mono alkyl mono amine of at least four carbon atoms, and less than three carbon atoms in any one side chain.
2. An anti-corrosive gasoline as in claim 1 wherein the amine is 3,5,5 trimethyl hexylamine.
3. An anti-corrosive gasoline as in claim 1 wherein the amine is 1,1,3,3 tetramethyl butylamine.
4. An anti-corrosive gasoline as in claim the amine is 1 methyl propyl amine.
5. An anti-corrosive gasoline as in claim the amine is 2 ethyl hexylamine. V
6. An anti-corrosive gasoline as in claim the amine is 2 amino 4 methyl pentane.
7. The method of inhibiting the formation of an insoluble precipitate when an amine-phosphate corrosion inhibitor is added to a gasoline containing an aniline octane booster which comprises adding to a gasoline an alkyl acid phosphate having 8 to 16 carbon atoms per 1 wherein 1 wherein 1 wherein 6 alkyl group, adding between and about of the quantity theoretically required to neutralize said phosphate of a branched chain rnono alkyl mono amine having at least four carbon atoms and less than three carbon atoms per side chain, agitating the mixture until neutralization is complete While holding the temperature above room temperature and below 200 F., then adding sufiicient aromatic amine from the group consisting of aniline and homologs of aniline to substantially increase the rich mixture anti-knock properties of the gasoline, the amounts of the amine and the phosphate being sufiicient to produce an addition product of between 0.002% and 0.05% by weight of the finished gasoline.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Claims (1)

1. A COMPLETELY HOMOGENEOUS, CORROSION-RESISTANT AVIATION FUEL, HAVING A HIGH RICH MIXTURE ANTI-KNOCK RATING, COMPRISING GASOLINE CONTAINING SUFFICIENT AROMATIC AMINE FROM THE GROUP CONSISTING OF ANILINE AND HOMOLOGS OF ANILINE TO SUBSTANTIALLY INCREASE THE RICH MIXTURE ANTI-KNOCK PROPERTIES OF THE GASOLINE AND BETWEEN 0.002% AND 0.05% BY WEIGHT OF THE FINISHED GASOLINE OF THE ADDITION PRODUCT RESULTING FROM CONTACTING AN ALKYL ACID PHOSPHATE HAVING FROM 8 TO 16 CARBON ATOMS PER ALKYL GROUP WITH BETWEEN 100% AND 150% OF THE QUANTITY THEORETICALLY REQUIRED TO NEUTRALIZE SAID PHOSPHATE OF A BRANCHED CHAIN MONO ALKYL MONO AMINE OF AT LEAST FOUR CARBON ATOMS, AND LESS THAN THREE CARBON ATOMS IN ANY ONE SIDE CHAIN.
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US2841126A (en) * 1955-05-09 1958-07-01 Gulf Oil Corp Marine diesel fuel compositions and methods of operating marine diesel engines
US2852353A (en) * 1954-06-04 1958-09-16 Gulf Oil Corp Distillate fuel oils inhibited against haze formation
US2863746A (en) * 1955-05-09 1958-12-09 Gulf Oil Corp Aviation grade gasolines containing n-alkyl amine salts of dialkyl acid orthophosphates
US2863742A (en) * 1954-10-04 1958-12-09 Gulf Oil Corp Gasoline fuel compositions
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US2988434A (en) * 1957-01-14 1961-06-13 Gulf Oil Corp Auxiliary fuels
US3079339A (en) * 1955-05-09 1963-02-26 Gulf Oil Corp Compounded mineral oil compositions containing amine salts of di oxo-octyl acid orthophosphates
US3088795A (en) * 1960-03-23 1963-05-07 California Research Corp Controlling corrosion in wet gas collection systems
US3102071A (en) * 1960-02-08 1963-08-27 Commercial Solvents Corp Nematocidal compositions
US5650097A (en) * 1994-06-13 1997-07-22 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Corrosion inhibitor composition for steel
US6230683B1 (en) 1997-08-22 2001-05-15 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US6276334B1 (en) 1998-02-23 2001-08-21 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US6286482B1 (en) 1996-08-23 2001-09-11 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control

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US2301370A (en) * 1941-02-26 1942-11-10 American Cyanamid Co Stabilization of tetraethyl lead
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US2447615A (en) * 1944-12-30 1948-08-24 Standard Oil Dev Co Chemical composition
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Cited By (16)

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US2904514A (en) * 1951-07-06 1959-09-15 Metallgesellschaft Ag Textile cleaning solution
US2905541A (en) * 1953-07-31 1959-09-22 Gulf Oil Corp Stable distillate fuel oil compositions
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