US2713527A - Piston ring - Google Patents

Piston ring Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2713527A
US2713527A US254344A US25434451A US2713527A US 2713527 A US2713527 A US 2713527A US 254344 A US254344 A US 254344A US 25434451 A US25434451 A US 25434451A US 2713527 A US2713527 A US 2713527A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
expander
seal
seals
spacer
ring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US254344A
Inventor
Pien Hsia-Si
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WILKENING Manufacturing Co
Original Assignee
WILKENING Manufacturing Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WILKENING Manufacturing Co filed Critical WILKENING Manufacturing Co
Priority to US254344A priority Critical patent/US2713527A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2713527A publication Critical patent/US2713527A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J9/00Piston-rings, e.g. non-metallic piston-rings, seats therefor; Ring sealings of similar construction
    • F16J9/06Piston-rings, e.g. non-metallic piston-rings, seats therefor; Ring sealings of similar construction using separate springs or elastic elements expanding the rings; Springs therefor ; Expansion by wedging
    • F16J9/064Rings with a flat annular side rail
    • F16J9/066Spring expander from sheet metal
    • F16J9/069Spring expander from sheet metal with a "C"-shaped cross section along the entire circumference

Description

July 19, 1955 HSlA-Sl PIEN 2,713,527
PISTON RING Filed Nov. 1, 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 HSlA-Sl PIEN July 19, 1955 PISTON RING 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 1, 1951 I N V EN TOR. Hs/n- 5/ P/EN BY Hrromvsx July 19, 1955 HSlA-Sl PlEN 2,713,527
PISTON RING Filed Nov. 1, 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 T I F as W 22 INVEN TOR.
HS/H-S/ P/E/v flrroeNEY HSlA-Sl PIEN July 19, 1955 PISTON RING 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Nov. 1, 1951 I n'' INVENTOR. 3/4 -5/ p/EN BY (5% W PISTON RING lisia-Si Pien, Drexel Hill, Pa, assignor to Wilkeuing Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Delaware Application November 1, 1951, Serial No. 254,344
3 Claims. (Cl. 369-45) will conform to the cylinder-wall notwithstanding any ,I
slight out-of-roundness or out-of-cylindrical shape of the cylinder-wall due either to distortion of the cylinder-wall or due to wear, and one which will break in readily.
Another object of the present invention is a pistonring which will bear against the cylinder-wall with uniform or equalized outward radial pressure and which will eifectviely seal against the cylinder-wall and which may have a relatively high unit of contact-pressure per unit of contact-area with cylinder-wall, and which will provide adequate lubrication and will not score or scuff the cylinder-wall.
With the above and other objects in view, the present invention contemplates a 3-piece or multi-piece composite piston-ring including two (or more) thin flat annulus-shaped cylinder-contacting sealing elements or rails of generally uniform cross-section having a small axial dimension so as to present narrow cylinder-contacting surfaces and having an axial width substantially less than the depth of the ring-receiving groove and being sufiiciently small in radial dimension and in cross-sectional area as to conform to the cylinder-wall when pressed thereagainst with uniformly distributed outward radial pressure, and an intervening circumferentially compressible non-bottoming seal-spacing resilient expander having seal-supporting side-lands and oppositely extending seal-engaging projections extending axially therefrom at the inner periphery thereof beyond the planes of said seal-lands and adapted to engage the inner peripheries of said sealing elements resiliently to urge them outwardly with uniformly distributed outward radial pressure when the ends of the seal-spacing expander abut each other and when said expander is circumferentially compressed by the sealing elements when the composite piston-ring is mounted in the ring-receiving groove of the piston within the cylinder.
The present invention further contemplates 3-piece oilcontrol rings comprising a pair of thin and generally flat cylinder-contacting oil-scraper sealing rings (or what, for brevity, may also be called seals) and an intervening spacer and expander; the pair of seals having generally continuous inner and outer peripheries and each having but a single gap in the circularity thereof to permit it to be spread open sufficiently so that it can be mounted in the ring-receiving groove of the piston (and so as to permit the sealing members to be expanded against the cylinder-wall by the expander), while the spacer and expander, which is preferably set slightly inwardly from the cylinder-diameter, is segmented or slotted and given outward resilient pressure, so as to cause it to support the pair of oil-scrapers (or seals) in an outward pressed condition against the cylinder Wall.
nited States Patent 2,713,527 Patented July 1.9, 1955 The piston-ring of the present invention may include still other features or combinations of elements and may be embodied in still other forms, all as will appear more fully from the following description and accompanying drawings.
For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there are shown in the accompanying drawings forms thereof which are at present preferred, although it is to be understood that the various instrumentalities of which the invention consists can be variously arranged and organized and that the invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and organizations of the instrumentalities as herein shown and described.
In the accompanying drawings in which like reference characters indicate like parts:
Figure 1 represents a side-elevational view, partly in section, of a 3-piece oil-control ring representing one embodiment of the present invention, shown mounted in one of the ring-receiving grooves of a piston.
Figure 2 represents an exploded perspective view of the 3-piece oil-control ring of the present invention.
Figure 3 represents a plan view of a fragmentary portion of the punched or cut strip of band or ribbon of flat spring-metal, as, for instance, spring-steel, of which the spacer and expander is formed, showing the first stage in the formation of said spacer and expander member.
Figure 4 represents a section on line 44 of Figure 3.
Figure 5 represents a View, similar to that shown in Figure 3, of a fragmentary portion of the spacer and expander element, shown in its second or later stage of development or manufacture, namely, the stage in which the radially-acting seal-engaging lugs or ears have been bent generally at right angle to the main body of the spring-strip.
Figure 6 represents a section on line 66 of Figure 5.
Figure 7 represents a view similar to that shown in Figures 3 and 5, of the next or a later development stage of the spacer and expander, but prior to its being coiled into a generally circular shape, namely, wherein the entire spring-strip is bent longitudinally along two generally parallel lines, to form the generally U-shaped cross-section, with the seal-engaging ears projecting outwardly from the free ends of the U-shape.
Figure 8 represents a section on lines 8-8 of Figure 7.
Figure 9 represents a fragmentary portion of the completed spacer and expander element shown in Figures 7 and 8, but curved into a generally circular shape.
Figure 10 represents a cross-section of the completed piston-ring, shown disposed in the ring-receiving groove, but on a somewhat larger scale, better to show the details thereof.
Figure 11 represents a modified form of the construction shown in Figures 1 and 10.
Figure 12 represents an elevational View of a piston-ring representing another embodiment of the present invention, partly in section, shown disposed in the ring-receiving groove of a piston.
Figure 13 represents an exploded perspective view of the piston-ring shown in Figure 12.
Figure 14 represents a perspective view of a strip of flanged drawn metal of which the spacer and expander of Figures 12 and 13 is formed.
Figure 15 represents a smaller fragmentary perspective view of the same strip of metal (of Figure 14) with slots punched or cut thereinto, alternately from opposite edges.
Figure 16 represents a fragmentary perspective view of the spacer and expander (of Figures 12 to 15) after it has been bent into a U shape in cross-section and curved into a generally circular formation.
Figure 17 represents a cross-sectional view of the oilcontrol ring of the embodiment shown in Figures 12 and 3 13, on a somewhat larger scale, and showing another embodiment.
Figure 18 represents a fragmentary perspective view of the metal strip of which the cylinder-contacting elements, seals or rails of the piston-ring of the present invention are formed.
Figure 19 represents a fragmentary perspective view of a coil formed of the strip of Figure 18, with the outer cylinder-contacting surfaces chromium plated.
The 3-piece oil-control ring of the present invention is formed of an upper thin iiat oil-scraper or oil-control ringelement 21 and a similar lower oil-scraper or oil-control ring-element 22, and an intervening spacer and expander 23 of generally U-shaped cross-section, including the base portion 24 and the sides or legs 25 and 26 of the U, and the laterally projecting ears 27 and 28.
Each oil-scraper 21 and 22, or what for brevity may be called each seal or rail, is preferably made of a fiat band of steel although it may be formed of suitably hard drawn-metal band. The seals 21 and 22 are made by coiling the band into a coil of suitable diameter (Figure 19) and then cutting the individual convolutions to form the oil-scrapers or seals from such coil or by coiling such band and cutting ofi each convolution as it is formed (one at a time).
The outer cylinder-contacting edges or faces 29 of the seals 21 and 22 I may plate with chromium, as indicated by the contrasting shading of the marginal Zone 30 in Figures 1, l and 11. The seals or rails 21 and 22 are each split" or provided with a gap at one point, as at 31, but are of such diameter that when the gap 31 is approximately closed, the oil-scraper (21 and 22) will be at the diameter of the cylinder indicated by the line 32. This gap 31 is formed when the oil-scraper is cut from the coil, as indicated above.
The spacer and expander 23 is slitted or slotted by means of the alternating slits or slots 33 and 34; the slots 33 intersecting and extending through the entire U-crosssection of the spacer and expander excepting only the extreme inner end of the lower leg 26 of the U and the lower car 28, while the slots 34 intersect and extend through the entire U-cross-section of the spacer and expander excepting only the inner end of the upper leg 25 of the U and the upper ear 27, as indicated particularly in Figures 2 and 9 (and Figures and 16). The spacer and expander is also provided with a complete gap or break at one point in its circumference, as at 35, so that it too may be spread open to permit it to be mounted within the ring-receiving groove 36. The free ends 37 and 38 of the spacer and expander 23 abut each other then operatively installed within the ring-receiving groove. The uncompressed spacer and expander 23 is made suitably oversize in circumference, so that when the seals or rails 21 and 22 are mounted thereon in the manner indicated in Figures 1, 10, ll, 12 and 17, and the seals or rails 21 and 22 are collapsed to their gap-closing or cylinder-diameter, the spacer and expander 23 will be compressed suitably (with the ends 37 and 38 thereof abutting); this compression taking place through the slight resilient deformation of the successive base and leg portions 24, 25 and 26 of the U-cross-sectioned spacer and expander 23 (Figures 9 and 10).
The spacer and expander 23 is preferably made of suitably tempered spring-steel or other suitable springmetal. A fiat strip, band or ribbon of annealed spring steel of the width 39 is alternately slotted inwardly from its opposite edges, by means of the slots 33 and 34, respectively, as shown in Figures 2, 3 and 9. This may be done on a punch-press by suitable dies. This leaves behind the intervening narrow portions which later form the base portions 24 and leg portions 25 and 26 and the ear portions 27 and 28 0f the generally U-cross-sectioned spacer and expander. Thereafter, the extreme marginal zones of the strip are bent, as indicated in Figures 5 and 6, at generally right angles, to form the ear portions 27 and 28. Thereafter, the strip is further bent along parallel lines 41 and 42, with a slight curvature or fillet at the bends, to form the generally U-shaped crosssection as indicated in Figures 7 and 8. The bends along lines 41 and 42 may be made first and the terminal ear portions 27 and 28 bent thereafter, or both sets of bends may be formed simultaneously. These bends may be formed by passing the slotted strip through suitable forming rolls. The so-formed U-shaped strip may then be coiled to suitable diameter, and successive turns or convolutions of the coils then cut off to form individual spacer and expander members, of one complete circle, as indicated in Figures 2 and 9, with the gap 35 therein at the point of the severing cut. The formed spacer and expander 23 is hardened and drawn or tempered to a suitable spring temper or spring hardness.
The outer side-surfaces of the legs 25 and 26 of the spacer and expander 23 form side-supporting surfaces or lands for axially supporting the oil-scrapers, seals" or rails 21 and 22. The cars or lugs 27 and 28 abut and bear against the inner peripheries 43 and 44, respectively, of the seals 21 and 22, and exert an outward radial force thereagainst, thereby to expand the seals 21 and 22, with a uniformly distributed outward radial pressure, against the cylinder-wall 32, as indicated in Figures 1, l0 and 11; Without the expander 23 contacting or bottoming against the inner wall of the ring-receiving groove 36.
The distance between the two outer seal-supporting side-surfaces or lands of the legs 25 and 26 of the spacer and expander 23 may be just equal to or very slightly less than the diiference between the width of the ringreceiving groove 36 and the combined axial widths of the two seals or rails 21 and 22, so that the legs 25 and 26 will either space the seals or rails snugly or loosely between the side-Walls of the ring-receiving groove 36. As the U may also be slightly resilient in an axial direction, slight resilient axially-outward force may be exerted upon the seals 21 and 22, if desired.
By varying the circumferential length and/ or the thickness of the base portion 24 and legs 25 and 26 of the U, the amount of outward radial pressure exerted upon the seals 21 and 22 may also be varied and set to the amount most effective for the desired oil-control.
The cross-section of the rails 21 and 22 is preferably symmetrical about each of two right-angular axes, as indicated in Figures 1, l0, 12, 18 and 19, with the corners slightly rounded or the cross-section may be as shown in Figures 11 and 17.
In the modified embodiment of the present invention shown in Figures 12 to 17, inclusive, the spacer and expander 53 is formed of a strip or band of spring metal such as spring-steel, a fragmentary portion of which is shown in Figure 14, which is formed by rolling or drawing, with the thickened marginal or flange portions 47 and 48. The inner edges of the thickened marginal portions 47 and 48 may be more or less at a right angle to the plane of the strip as indicated in Figure 12 or they may be slightly undercut as indicated in Figure 17. The strip or band is slotted by punching or milling or otherwise cutting the slots 33 and 34, alternately intersecting opposite edges of the strip and being short of the opposite flanged portion as indicated in Figures 15 and 16. The so-slotted band is then bent along two lines designated generally by the numerals 41 and 42, to form the generally U-cross-sectioned band alternately slotted through opposite sides, which is then curved into a circular formation indicated in Figures 13 and 16, as indicated above, by coiling the slotted U-cross-sectioned band into a coil of suitable diameter; from which the individual convolutions of the coil are then cut to form the individual expanders 53 shown in Figure 13.
The inner peripheries 43 and 44 of the scraper-rings or seals 51 and 52 may, as indicated in Figures 1, 10, ll, l2, l8 and 19, be also slightly beveled to match the undercut contact-faces of the seal-engaging lugs 47 and 48 (Figure 17) so that the outward radial force exerted by the expander 53 against the inner peripheries of the seals 51 and 52 will also tend to draw the rings 51 and 52 closely against the outer sides of the legs and 26 of the U-cross-sectioned expander 53.
A similar gap is provided in the general circularity of the expander 53, with the free ends 37 and 38 thereof abutting each other when mounted and operatively compressed within the ring-receiving groove 36 of the piston.
The expander 53 is likewise preferably made of springsteel tempered to suitable spring temper, but other resilient spring metal may be used.
The sealing rings 51 and 52 are likewise preferably made of steel of suitable hardness or other suitable metal, namely, a hardness which will not score the cylinder wall.
A slight bevel 59 may be provided along the outer periphery of the sealing and oil-control elements 21, 22, 51 and 52, as indicated in Figure 17. These bevels may both face outwardly as indicated in Figure 17 or they may both face upwardly, i. e. in the direction of the closed end of the piston as indicated in Figure 11. The amount of beveling may be increased so as to reduce the width of the cylinder-contacting cylindrical surface and thereby increase the contact pressure per unit of area.
The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof, and it is therefore desired that the present embodiments be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, reference being had to the appended claims rather than to the foregoing description to indicate the scope of the invention.
Having thus described my invention, the following is hereby claimed:
1. A 3-piece oil-control piston ring comprising a resilient and circumferentially compressible seal supporter and expander of generally U-shaped cross-section with the base of the U spaced inwardly slightly from the cylinder diameter and with the legs of the U extending inwardly from the base of the U and having the innermost ends thereof substantially thicker than the main portion of the legs of the U, said thickened legterminals of the U forming seal-engaging shoulders extending axially outwardly from the legs of the U and having an undercut radially-outward seal-engaging face, said supporter and expander being slotted through the base and sides of the U, at frequent intervals, with alternate slots extending through opposed thickened terminal leg portions of the U, the outer sides of the legs of the U forming seal-supporting lands, and a pair of flat and generally continuous seals, each seal having a beveled inner periphery adapted to be received in said undercut seal-engaging face of its seal-supporting land, said seals being disposed on opposite sides of said supporter and expander along said seal-lands thereof, with the undercut seal-engaging shoulders of said thickened terminal leg portions being in operative juxtaposition to and in contact with the inner beveled peripheries of said seals,
thereby to exert an outward radial force upon said seals and to draw said seals against the outer surface of the legs of the U When the oil-control ring is compressed to cylinder diameter with the ends of said supporter expander in abutting relation to each other.
2. A spacer and expander for multi-seal piston-rings comprising a generally circular U-cross-sectioned resilient spring metal band with the base of the U outermost and with the legs of the U extending inwardly therefrom, the inner ends of the legs of the U being substantially thicker than the rest of the leg portions, with the thickened terminal portions extending radially outwardly in opposite directions and forming seal-engaging shoulders extending outwardly from the sides of the legs of the U and having an undercut radially-outward seal-engaging face, said U-cross sectioned spacer and expander having spaced slots therethrough at frequent intervals, each slot extending through one of the thickened end zones while leaving the opposite thickened end zone intact, and alternate slots extending through opposite thickened end zones, thereby to form a circumferentially compressible spacer and expander.
3. A 3-piece oil-control piston-ring comprising a resilient and circumferentially compressible seal supporter and expander of generally U'shaped cross-section with the base of the U spaced inwardly slightly from the cylinder diameter and with the legs of the U extending inwardly from the base of the U and having the innermost ends thereof substantially thicker than the main portion of the legs of the U, said thickened leg-terminals of the U forming seal-engaging shoulders extending axially outwardly from the legs of the U and having an undercut radially-outward seal-engaging face, said supporter and expander being slotted through the base and sides of the U, at frequent intervals, with alternate slots extending through opposed thickened terminal leg portions of the U, the outer sides of the legs of the U forrning seal-supporting lands, and a pair of flat and generally continuous seals having chromium-plated outer peripheral edges, each seal having a beveled inner periphery adapted to be received on said undercut seal-engaging face of its seal-supporting land, said seals being disposed on opposite sides of said supporter and expander along said seal-lands thereof, with the undercut sealengaging shoulders of said thickened terminal leg portions being in operative juxtaposition to and in contact with the inner beveled peripheries of said seals and to draw said seals against the outer surface of the legs of the U, thereby to exert an outward radial force upon said seals when the oil-control ring is compressed to cylinder diameter with the ends of said supporter expander in abutting relation to each other.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,220,947 Paton Nov. 12, 1940 2,390,044 Bowers Dec. 4, 1945 2,565,042 Phillips Aug. 21, ll 2,635,022 Shirk Apr. 14, 1953
US254344A 1951-11-01 1951-11-01 Piston ring Expired - Lifetime US2713527A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US254344A US2713527A (en) 1951-11-01 1951-11-01 Piston ring

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US254344A US2713527A (en) 1951-11-01 1951-11-01 Piston ring

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2713527A true US2713527A (en) 1955-07-19

Family

ID=22963929

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US254344A Expired - Lifetime US2713527A (en) 1951-11-01 1951-11-01 Piston ring

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2713527A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2855254A (en) * 1956-04-05 1958-10-07 Sealed Power Corp Compressible two-way piston ring expander
US2893799A (en) * 1957-05-28 1959-07-07 Ramsey Corp Circumferential expander type piston ring assembly
US2893801A (en) * 1956-06-11 1959-07-07 Perfect Circle Corp Piston ring assembly
US2970022A (en) * 1960-07-05 1961-01-31 Hastings Mfg Co Piston ring assemblies and elements thereof
US2999728A (en) * 1957-03-27 1961-09-12 Perfect Circle Corp Piston ring assembly
US3099455A (en) * 1960-09-19 1963-07-30 Mcquay Norris Mfg Co Piston ring assembly
DE1232420B (en) * 1962-06-27 1967-01-12 Mcquay Norris Mfg Co Piston ring assembly
US4173878A (en) * 1978-01-17 1979-11-13 Gorbulev Efim S Method of manufacturing tangential expanders for oil control piston rings
US5308089A (en) * 1991-08-09 1994-05-03 Teikoku Piston Ring Co., Ltd. Combined oil ring
US5718437A (en) * 1995-12-19 1998-02-17 Teikoku Piston Ring Co., Ltd. Combined oil ring with spacer/expander having Cr2 N coating thereon
US20040061291A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2004-04-01 Katsumi Takiguchi Side rail and combined oil control ring incorporated with the side rails for reduction of oil consumption
DE102005037203A1 (en) * 2005-08-06 2007-02-08 Mahle International Gmbh Multi-piece oil scraper ring for internal combustion engines

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2220947A (en) * 1938-06-30 1940-11-12 Perfect Circle Co Piston ring
US2390044A (en) * 1939-05-31 1945-12-04 Power Res Corp Piston ring
US2565042A (en) * 1948-05-17 1951-08-21 Hastings Mfg Co Piston ring
US2635022A (en) * 1950-06-20 1953-04-14 Perfect Circle Corp Piston ring assembly

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2220947A (en) * 1938-06-30 1940-11-12 Perfect Circle Co Piston ring
US2390044A (en) * 1939-05-31 1945-12-04 Power Res Corp Piston ring
US2565042A (en) * 1948-05-17 1951-08-21 Hastings Mfg Co Piston ring
US2635022A (en) * 1950-06-20 1953-04-14 Perfect Circle Corp Piston ring assembly

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2855254A (en) * 1956-04-05 1958-10-07 Sealed Power Corp Compressible two-way piston ring expander
US2893801A (en) * 1956-06-11 1959-07-07 Perfect Circle Corp Piston ring assembly
US2999728A (en) * 1957-03-27 1961-09-12 Perfect Circle Corp Piston ring assembly
US2893799A (en) * 1957-05-28 1959-07-07 Ramsey Corp Circumferential expander type piston ring assembly
US2970022A (en) * 1960-07-05 1961-01-31 Hastings Mfg Co Piston ring assemblies and elements thereof
US3099455A (en) * 1960-09-19 1963-07-30 Mcquay Norris Mfg Co Piston ring assembly
DE1232420B (en) * 1962-06-27 1967-01-12 Mcquay Norris Mfg Co Piston ring assembly
US4173878A (en) * 1978-01-17 1979-11-13 Gorbulev Efim S Method of manufacturing tangential expanders for oil control piston rings
US5308089A (en) * 1991-08-09 1994-05-03 Teikoku Piston Ring Co., Ltd. Combined oil ring
US5718437A (en) * 1995-12-19 1998-02-17 Teikoku Piston Ring Co., Ltd. Combined oil ring with spacer/expander having Cr2 N coating thereon
US20040061291A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2004-04-01 Katsumi Takiguchi Side rail and combined oil control ring incorporated with the side rails for reduction of oil consumption
US7036823B2 (en) * 2001-12-28 2006-05-02 Riken Corporation Side rail and combined oil control ring incorporated with the side rails for reduction of oil consumption
DE102005037203A1 (en) * 2005-08-06 2007-02-08 Mahle International Gmbh Multi-piece oil scraper ring for internal combustion engines
US20100164182A1 (en) * 2005-08-06 2010-07-01 Michael Hummel Multi-part oil scraper ring for internal combustion engines

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2713527A (en) Piston ring
US2311730A (en) Method of making reversely folded piston rings
US2293450A (en) Expander
US2695825A (en) Piston ring assembly
US2482990A (en) Piston ring blank
US2334243A (en) Process for piston rings
US2231801A (en) Packing ring element and assembly
US4099730A (en) Piston ring construction
US2893798A (en) Piston ring and expander
US2670256A (en) Piston ring
US2768038A (en) Piston ring
US2311731A (en) Offset piston ring
US2777740A (en) Piston-ring construction
US2830861A (en) Oil control ring
US2170970A (en) Piston, ring, and ring expander
US2877072A (en) Piston-ring construction
US2346896A (en) Piston ring
US2775495A (en) Spacer for piston rings
US2804361A (en) Piston ring assembly
US2837385A (en) Piston ring element and method of making same
US3181875A (en) Piston rings
US2833605A (en) Piston ring assembly
US3081100A (en) Piston rings
US2290321A (en) Piston ring
US2107301A (en) Piston ring