US2708868A - Ventilated building - Google Patents

Ventilated building Download PDF

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Publication number
US2708868A
US2708868A US289940A US28994052A US2708868A US 2708868 A US2708868 A US 2708868A US 289940 A US289940 A US 289940A US 28994052 A US28994052 A US 28994052A US 2708868 A US2708868 A US 2708868A
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building
space
ceiling
opening
wall
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US289940A
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Allen P Loomis
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HONEGGERS AND CO Inc
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HONEGGERS AND CO Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures

Description

May 24, 1955 A. P. LooMls VENTILATED BUILDING Filed May 26, 1952 JNVENToR. We/7 /Q United States Patent() 2,708,868 VENTILATED. BUILDING Allen P. Loomis, Forrest, Ill., assigner to Honeggers & Co., Inc., Fairbury, Ill.,.a corporation of Illinois Application May 26, 1952, Serial No. 289,940 2 Claims. (Cl. 98-32)'- This invention relates to improvements in building construction, particularly those of the less expensive type commonly termed out-buildings on farms, ranches and the like, the primary object being to provide extremely inexpensive, yet highly eicient Ventilating means adapting the building therefore for such uses as housing of chickens, animals and the like wherein it is desired to provide no draft air circulation.

Farmers, ranchers and particularly more specialized producers of livestock, poultry and the like, well appreciate the advantage, if not absolute necessity, for brooders, laying houses, scratching pens and the like, to be well ventilated, but heretofore attempts along this line have resulted in drafts that cause sickness and unhealthy conditions generally. Continuous ow of air through a building of this character is diicult to attain without also experiencing a direct draft upon the birds or animals housed within the building.

It is accordingly, the most important object of this invention to provide a ventilated building wherein the circulating air enters along one side of the building and exits in opposed relationship thereto continuously and without draft within the space wherein the birds or animals are housed.

Another object hereof is to provide a ventilated building wherein the ceiling and roof are utilized advantageously to effect the objects hereof, presenting a space above the ceiling and below the roof for initially receiving the incoming Ventilating air prior to discharge into the space below the ceiling and ultimately back out of the building at the opposite side thereof.

Other objects include the way in which the ceiling is dropped at one end thereof to render a portion of one side wall available for forming an air inlet opening below the roof; the way in which the ceiling has an air passage port for directing the Ventilating air to the space therebeneath; the way in which the air is exhausted from the building at the opposite side thereof; and many more minor objects all of which will be made clear as the following specification progresses.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is an end perspective view of a ventilated building made pursuant to the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a vertical, transverse, cross-sectional view through the building.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary, cross-sectional view adjacent one side of the building; and

Fig. 4 is a vertical, cross-sectional view similar to Fig. 3 adjacent the opposite side of the building.

The building hereof may be provided with a floor and a foundation 12 carrying a pair of end walls 14 and 16, a front or side wall 18 and a rear or side wall 20. A roof 22 is coextensive in length with the side walls 18 and 20 and includes a plurality of rafters 24 that rest upon top plates 26 and 28 in turn carried by studs 30 of walls 18 and 20 respectively. While the spaces between the rafters 24, which rest upon the plate 28, are preferably tlled with paneling 32 to close the same, the spaces 2,708,868 Patented May 24,J 19.55.

between the rafters 24 above the plate: 26, are openv to the atmosphere.

Plate 26 also receives a plurality of joists 34 that receive suitable paneling as shown, toV present a ceiling 36. The ends of the joists 34 adjacent the wall. 20, are secured to the studs 30 ofthe latter below the uppermost end of plate 28 of the wall 20, ceiling, 36 therefore, inclining downwardly from the wall 18- to the wall' 20.

An air inlet opening 38 formed' in the siding 40 of the Wall 20 preferably extends the. entire length of the build'- ing interrupted only by the proximal studs 30., Opening 38' is providedl with a small gate 42', hinged to the siding 40 and manifestly, gate 42 may be provided' with any suitable means to hol'd the same closed, fully open or in an adjusted position, such. means not being shown.

The paneling 44 for forming the ceiling 36, is likewise provided with an opening or part 46 extending preferably from wall 14 to wall 16 and interrupted only by the joists 34. The opening 46 is next adjacent the opening 38: and may be closed by means of a hingedly mounted gate 48 carried by the paneling 44. Here again, gate 48 may well be provided with means to hold the same in an adjusted position with respect to the opening 46.

The joists 34 are interconnected by a plurality of spacers 50 adjacent the front wall 18, spacers 50 receiving plates 52 disposed between the rafters 24 and cooperating with the spacers S0 to close space 54 between roof 22 and the ceiling 36. In other words, the space 54 is entirely closed not only with respect to the atmosphere, but with respect to space or building interior 56 beneath the ceiling 36 except only for the openings 38 and 46 since spacers 50 and plates 52 constitute in effect, an extension of paneling 44 and form a part of ceiling 36 so far as defining spaces 54 and 56 is concerned. Paneling 44 has another opening 58 extending from wall 14 to wall 16 and interrupted only by the joists 34 and rafters 24. The opening 58 is immediately below the plates 52 and may be closed by means of an elongated transversely reciprocable gate 60 that underlies the plate 26 when in the closed position as shown in full lines by Fig. 3. Alternately, gate 60 may be hingedly mounted at its forwardmost edge for swinging movement on a horizontal axis toward and away from front wall 18. Gate 48 may likewise be slidably mounted if desired. Entrance of moisture directly into and through the opening 38 is prevented by means of an over-hang 62 forming a part of the roof 22. A similar over-hang 64 adjacent the wall 18 is preferably disposed substantially in a horizontal plane to present a trough 66 for collecting water and to avoid obstruction of light and sunshine through glass windows 68 and through screens (not shown) behind hanging doors 17 when the latter are shifted along tracks 72 to an open position.

Many other advantageous features in the chicken house herein illustrated are contemplated, relating particularly to the arrangement of nests, roosts, feeding space and the like; since the same form no part of the present invention, they have not been shown.

lt is seen that when the gates 42, 48 and 60 are all open rice 'as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawing, air enters the space 54 through the opening 38 and thereupon travels downwardly through the opening 46 into the space 56, all as indicated by arrows in Fig. 2. This Ventilating air escapes from the space 56 upwardly through the opening 58, between joists 34 and rafters 24, over plate 26. By forcing the air to first enter the space 54, it is impossible to receive a direct draft within the space 56. Even if prevailing winds of a relative strong nature tend to force a large amount of air into the building by way of opening 38, such air loses its velocity within the space 54 and escapes into the space 56 with sufficient speed to provide adequate ventilation without draft. Weather conditions of course, will dictate the positioning of the gates 42, 48 and 60, all or any one of which may be adjusted to suit the desires of the poultryman. During cold weather gates 42 and 4S may both be closed and air entering around doors 17 will travel along the Hoor 10, circulate through the space 56, thence along the ceiling 36 and escape from space 56 when gate 60 is open.

While many details of construction may vary within the spirit of this invention, such changes and modifications as fairly come within the scope of the appended claims, are manifestly contemplated hereby.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. In a building, a plurality of walls and a roof presenting an enclosure; a ceiling within the enclosure, presenting a space between the ceiling and the roof, there being a pair of opposed side walls, each having a top plate, said roof being provided with a number of spaced rafters resting on said plates, said ceiling having a number of joists connected with one of said side walls below the plate thereof and resting on the plate of the other side wall; and paneling mounted on the joists and provided with an extension merging with the roof at one end thereof above the plate of said other side wall and spaced therefrom whereby the building is open above the plate of said other side wall and between the rafters, said paneling having a port therein adjacent the one side wall, said one side wall having an opening above the ceiling and below said plate thereof.

2. In a building as set forth in claim 1 wherein is provided gates for port and said paneling for closing the space beneath the ceiling.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,349,175 Walker Aug. 10, 1920 1,615,964 Straight Feb. 1, 1927 2,419,806 Wendel Apr. 29, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS 264,287 Great Britain Jan. 20, 1927 522,587 Great Britain June 21, 1940 334,240 France July 29, 1903

US289940A 1952-05-26 1952-05-26 Ventilated building Expired - Lifetime US2708868A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3231986A (en) * 1961-12-13 1966-02-01 Wurton Machine Company Apparatus for curing tobacco
US3285153A (en) * 1964-09-08 1966-11-15 Hartsough Mfg Co Building ventilating system
US4292927A (en) * 1979-06-01 1981-10-06 Farmstead Industries, Div. Of Farmhand, Inc. Swine shelter ventilating system
US6379240B2 (en) * 1998-04-23 2002-04-30 Halton Oy Air circulation system for a refrigerated display case and method for ventilating a room space, hall space or a refrigerated division thereof having a refrigerated display case

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR334240A (en) * 1903-07-29 1903-12-15 Cesaire Villard removable construction system designed for warm climates
US1349175A (en) * 1920-01-09 1920-08-10 Percevail E Walker Chicken-brooder
GB264287A (en) * 1925-11-24 1927-01-20 Ignatius John O Hea Improvements in or relating to ventilating arrangements for houses and the like for poultry or livestock
US1615964A (en) * 1922-04-11 1927-02-01 Halver R Straight Ventilating device for farm buildings
GB522587A (en) * 1938-12-10 1940-06-21 Leslie Barnard Sorrell Ventilating system particularly suitable for poultry brooders and the like
US2419806A (en) * 1944-05-03 1947-04-29 Kenneth J Wendel Inlet and outlet air distributing duct for buildings having automatic damper means

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR334240A (en) * 1903-07-29 1903-12-15 Cesaire Villard removable construction system designed for warm climates
US1349175A (en) * 1920-01-09 1920-08-10 Percevail E Walker Chicken-brooder
US1615964A (en) * 1922-04-11 1927-02-01 Halver R Straight Ventilating device for farm buildings
GB264287A (en) * 1925-11-24 1927-01-20 Ignatius John O Hea Improvements in or relating to ventilating arrangements for houses and the like for poultry or livestock
GB522587A (en) * 1938-12-10 1940-06-21 Leslie Barnard Sorrell Ventilating system particularly suitable for poultry brooders and the like
US2419806A (en) * 1944-05-03 1947-04-29 Kenneth J Wendel Inlet and outlet air distributing duct for buildings having automatic damper means

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3231986A (en) * 1961-12-13 1966-02-01 Wurton Machine Company Apparatus for curing tobacco
US3285153A (en) * 1964-09-08 1966-11-15 Hartsough Mfg Co Building ventilating system
US4292927A (en) * 1979-06-01 1981-10-06 Farmstead Industries, Div. Of Farmhand, Inc. Swine shelter ventilating system
US6379240B2 (en) * 1998-04-23 2002-04-30 Halton Oy Air circulation system for a refrigerated display case and method for ventilating a room space, hall space or a refrigerated division thereof having a refrigerated display case

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