US269405A - Piano-action - Google Patents

Piano-action Download PDF

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US269405A
US269405A US269405DA US269405A US 269405 A US269405 A US 269405A US 269405D A US269405D A US 269405DA US 269405 A US269405 A US 269405A
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piano
action
jack
key
pivoted
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10CPIANOS, HARPSICHORDS, SPINETS OR SIMILAR STRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS WITH ONE OR MORE KEYBOARDS
    • G10C3/00Details or accessories
    • G10C3/16Actions
    • G10C3/22Actions specially adapted for grand pianos

Description

(No Model.)

A. GEMUNDER.

v PIANO ACTION. v

No. 269,405. Patented Dec. 19, 1882.

WITNESSES 7 fizz W. M%%; 64/ I a v 7 4 ATTORNEYS ALBERT GEMUNDER,

PIANO- PATENT OFFICE.

OF COLUMBUS, OHIO.

ACTION.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 269,405, dated December 19, 1882, Application filed August 12, 1882. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ALBERT GEMtiNDER, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Columbus, in the county ofFranklin and State of Ohio, have invented a new and valuable Improvement in Piano-Actions; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction andoperation of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, and to. the letters and figures of reference marked thereon.

Figure 1 is a partial vertical longitudinal sectional view. Fig. 2 is a detached perspective view ofthe pivoted lever, jack, spring, and their adjuncts; and Figs. 3 and 4 are detail views.

This invention relates to an improvement in piano-actions, and has for its object to reduce friction and simplify the construction of the action, and also obtain a high degree of elasticity, and to render the action compact and durable.

Referring by letter to the drawings, in which a piano-action constructed in accordance with my invention is illustrated, A indicates the key, which is pivoted in a recessed block, B, by means of a pivot, O, journaled in the said block, and provided with a vertically-projecting pin, 0, which passes up through the key. The upper end of this pin is screw-threaded, and a nut, D, and some suitable washer fitted thereon, whereby the key can be detached by first removing the said not and washer.

E indicates the jack, which is pivoted in the free bifurcated end of a pivoted lever, F. The lower arm of this jack is forked and embraces a pin, Gr, attached to the key-lever. A nut, g, and a suitable washer are fitted upon this pin above the forked arm of the jack, and by ad justing said nut the height of the jack can be regulated.

l ried by means of a rod, K, pivoted at one end, I and at its opposite screw-threaded end provided with a suitable nut.

In order to lessen friction, I provide either the jack or the under side of the arm of the hammer L with a roller, M, in the present instance the said roller being carried by the hammer-arm or handle and the jack acting against the roller.

0 indicates a movable back check for the hammer. This back check is sustained by a rod secured to a plate, P, which is slotted and fitted upon the key, and a set-screw passes through the slot of said plate, whereby it can be adjustably secured upon the key, and thereby regulate the position of the back check with relation to the hammer.

e Having thus described my invention, whatI claim is- 1. In a piano-aetion, the combination, with the key-lever A, provided with the vertical threaded pin 0, having nut and washer, of the bifurcated bearing B and the removable pivot O, substantially as specified.

2. Inapiano-action,thecombination,with the pivoted lever F, bifurcated at its free end, and the pivotedjack E in the forked end thereof, of the spring I, slotted arm i, the ham mer-arm L, roller M, and pivoted rod K, substantially as specified.

3. The lifter H, adjustably connected with a lever carrying the jack, and having a roller resting upon the key, substantially as specified.

4. In a piano-action, the combination ofthe pivoted key-lever A,,the pivoted bifurcated lever F, the jack E, the lifter H, spring I, and slotted arm 2', rod K, pin G, hammer L, and friction-rollers M and h, constructed and operating substantially as specified.

5. The combination, with the pivoted lever F, of the spring 1, the slotted bar 2', and the jack passing through said bar, which is secured to one end of the spring, substantially as described. 7

In testimony that I claim the above I have hereunto subscribed my name in the presence of two witnesses. I

ALBERT GEMUNDER. Witnesses:

DAVlD W. BOWMAN, CHARLES G. Loan.

US269405D Piano-action Expired - Lifetime US269405A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2466498A (en) * 1947-01-10 1949-04-05 Charles F Smith Piano action
US2540871A (en) * 1944-08-01 1951-02-06 William S Finholm Piano action
US4856402A (en) * 1989-01-06 1989-08-15 Alexander James R Grand piano actions
US20050284279A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2005-12-29 Richard Wroblewski Friction at the jack and knuckle interface in a grand piano eliminated
US20090173206A1 (en) * 2008-01-08 2009-07-09 Yamaha Corporation Keyboard musical instrument and action unit incorporated therein
WO2010065089A1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-10 David Stanwood Movable pivot bearing for changing key leverage in string keyboard instruments
EP3073485A1 (en) * 2015-03-25 2016-09-28 Yamaha Corporation Support assembly and keyboard apparatus

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2540871A (en) * 1944-08-01 1951-02-06 William S Finholm Piano action
US2466498A (en) * 1947-01-10 1949-04-05 Charles F Smith Piano action
US4856402A (en) * 1989-01-06 1989-08-15 Alexander James R Grand piano actions
US20050284279A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2005-12-29 Richard Wroblewski Friction at the jack and knuckle interface in a grand piano eliminated
US7129403B2 (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-10-31 Richard Wroblewski Friction at the jack and knuckle interface in a grand piano eliminated
US20090173206A1 (en) * 2008-01-08 2009-07-09 Yamaha Corporation Keyboard musical instrument and action unit incorporated therein
CN101483037B (en) * 2008-01-08 2013-01-02 雅马哈株式会社 Keyboard musical instrument and action unit incorp.orated therein
US7807907B2 (en) * 2008-01-08 2010-10-05 Yamaha Corporation Keyboard musical instrument and action unit incorporated therein
CN102232230A (en) * 2008-12-01 2011-11-02 大卫·斯坦伍德 Movable pivot bearing for changing key leverage in string keyboard instruments
WO2010065089A1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-10 David Stanwood Movable pivot bearing for changing key leverage in string keyboard instruments
EP3073485A1 (en) * 2015-03-25 2016-09-28 Yamaha Corporation Support assembly and keyboard apparatus
CN106023957A (en) * 2015-03-25 2016-10-12 雅马哈株式会社 Support assembly and keyboard apparatus
JP2016184020A (en) * 2015-03-25 2016-10-20 ヤマハ株式会社 Support assembly and keyboard device
US9502004B2 (en) 2015-03-25 2016-11-22 Yamaha Corporation Support assembly and keyboard apparatus
US9812108B2 (en) 2015-03-25 2017-11-07 Yamaha Corporation Support assembly and keyboard apparatus

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