US265709A - sniffen - Google Patents

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US265709A
US265709A US265709DA US265709A US 265709 A US265709 A US 265709A US 265709D A US265709D A US 265709DA US 265709 A US265709 A US 265709A
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valve
lever
tank
discharge
position
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D1/00Water flushing devices with cisterns ; Setting up a range of flushing devices or water-closets; Combinations of several flushing devices
    • E03D1/30Valves for high or low level cisterns; Their arrangement ; Flushing mechanisms in the cistern, optionally with provisions for a pre-or a post- flushing and for cutting off the flushing mechanism in case of leakage
    • E03D1/36Associated working of inlet and outlet valves

Description

, .UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

SAMUEL F. SNIFFEN, or NEW YORK, N. Y., AssIGNon TO HENRY e. MEYER &u oo., on SAME PLAGE.

WATER-CLOSET TANK OR CISTERN.

SPECIFICATION formng part of Letters Patent No. 265,'709, dated October 10, 1882.

Application filed June 19, 1882. (No model.)

To all whom it may concew: 4

Be it known that I, SAMUEL F. SNIFFEN, of New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new 5 and useful Inprovements in Water Oloset Tanks or Cisterns; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this Io application.

Myinvention relates to that type of watercloset cistern in which,by means of some suitable means, the closing of the inlet-valve is insured before the outlet-valve can begin to open whenever the closet may be used; and it consistsin certain novel features of Construction of this type of machine, as will be hereinafter nore fully described, and as will be more par-' ticularly pointed out in the claim of this speci- 2o fication.

To enable those skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will now proceed to more fully desc-ibe it, referring by letters to the acconpanying drawings, forming part of this specification,and in which I have shown an ordinary or old-fashioned single-compartment cistern or tank having my invention embodied therein or added thereto.

Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section at a plane just to one side of the discharge-valve,

and showing all the parts in the relative positions they would occupy a moment after the complete discharge of the contents of thetank atthe time of reclosing the valve through which such discharge was efi'ected. The dotted lines in said figure show the position to which the arm or lever of the fioat of the ballcock would be forced to ascend by the automatic refilling of the tank, and in which position said arm or lever effects the closing of the supply-cock. Fig. 2 is a similar sectionalview, but with the parts in that relative position in which they would he whenever the pull-up handle or other device of the closet shall be moved part ally in the direction necessary to efi ect the opening of the discharge-valve of the cistern or tank. Fig. 3 is a similar view, but with the parts in still another relative position-viz., that which they would be brought into whenever the discharge-valve may be opened to prevent the escape of all or any part of the contents of the tank.

In the several figures the same part will be found designated by the same letter of reference.

Ais the tank or cistern; B, the supply-cock, which is opened and closed bythe movements of the arm or lever C, provided at its free end with a hollow tlo'at or ball, D, all of aboutthe usual construction.

E is the discharge-valve, of about the usual Construction, but operated by the novel means I`will now describe, which novel means operates to prevent the ingress to the tank of any water during the opening` of the discharge- 6 valve or while said valve is in any other than a completely-closed condition.

Mounted near the upper part of the tank A, and so as to freely turn on its own axis, is a shaft, F, which is formed or provided with a radially-projecting arm, g, and a sort of camlike device, h. The free end of arm g is connected by a link or loop-like connection, i, to one end of the usual lever, J, (that is pivoted in a stand at Ic in about the ordinary manner,) 7 to the other end of which lever is attached the upper end of the chain or cord, which descends to the closet and is operated on at its lower end by either the pull-up handle or a depressible seat, as usual.

From the st'em of the discharge-valve E extends upwardly a lifting pitman or device, l the upper end ot' which is coupled to pins m on the cam-like device h in such a manner that, while said cam-like device can turn to acertain extent without affecting the pitman l, a portion of its movement will operate to efl'ect the lifting of said pitnan, and consequently a. lifting of the (lischarge-valve E.

The operation of my improved contrivance will be undcrstood to be about as follows: Supposing the tank to have just been emptied of its contents and the valve E to have just been reseated, all as illustrated at Fig. 1, the supply-cock B being open, the water will runinto the tank A in the usual manner until the ball D shall have been floated up to a position such as to cause its lever G to assume the position shown by the dotted lines at said figure and efi'ectually close the supply-cock, all in a manoo ner well known to those skilled in the art. Now, whenever it may become necessary to re discharge any of the water thus supplied to tank Athe discharge-valve E must of course be lif'ted, and it is lit'ted through the medium of the pitman l, actuated by the cam-like device h, the shaft of which latter is turned by the lever J pulling on arm g through the medium of link But the initial movement of lever J, arm g', and cam-like (levice h brings the latter device into the relationship with the lever C of the supply-cock seen at Fig. 2 before any effect begins to be produced on pitman l or discharge-valve E, and in this relationship the said cam-like device, it will be seen, operates to hold up the lever G, and thus keep the supply-cock B effcctually closed'. After this object shall have been thus etfeeted the further turning of cam-like device IL does not produce any further effect on arm C, except to hold it in the position seen atFig. 2; but the continued movement of said cam-like device brings the pins m into contact with the upper end of the slot in the' loop-like portion ot' pitman Z and causesthe said pitman to be pulled up, and hence the valve E to be lifted into the position seen at Fig. 3. In this position the water in tank A is free to run out, and 'will do so as long; as the parts are kept in this position. Whenever the lever J shall be permitted 'to move in an opposite direction to allow the valve E to deseend the complete descent of said valve onto its seat must, occur by the time the several parts reassume the position seen at Fig. 2 and before the cam-like device h can turn to any position in which any descent of the ball D and lever O can occur. Therefore the supply-cock B cannot possibly' be opened, or even partially opened, until after the valve E shall be on its seat. After said valve E shall have been reseated, then the further movement of lever J', and the consequent further turning of h, will pernit the lever C and ball D to descend, thus opening the supply-cock; and the parts being left in this condition, the tank will be refilled for future use and the ball D floated up to automatically cut off the water-supply in the usual manner.

It will be seen that in my improved contrivance it is practically impossible to use at any one time more than the contents of tauk A, though less can be used, if desired, and that this mode of operation is due to the use, in connection with the usual tank, supply-cock, and discharge-valve, of means by which the supply-cock is, so to speak, locked in a closed position before it is possible to open the discharge-valve.

What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

In combination with the float-lever of the inlet-valve and the outlet-valve, a cam-like lit'ter device flexibly connected to the outlet- I SAML. F. SNIFFEN.

In presence of JAooB FELBEL, F. MCCLARY.

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5232011A (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-08-03 Waterguard, Inc. Flush valve leakage prevention and detection device
US5327931A (en) * 1992-01-31 1994-07-12 Waterguard, Inc. Flush valve leakage prevention and detection device
US6679286B2 (en) 2001-09-27 2004-01-20 Yoshitake Inc. Ball tap with a water level switch
US7757708B1 (en) 2008-02-25 2010-07-20 nth Solutions Toilet bowl overflow prevention and water conservation system and method
US8310369B1 (en) 2009-03-27 2012-11-13 Nth Solutions, Llc Detecting unintended flush toilet water flow
US9260848B1 (en) 2014-09-08 2016-02-16 Anthony R. Brandelli Hydraulic valve and toilet leak safety catch
US9625051B2 (en) 2014-09-08 2017-04-18 Anthony R. Brandelli Hydraulic valve adapter
US9631351B2 (en) 2014-09-08 2017-04-25 Anthony R. Brandelli Hydraulic valve adapter

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5232011A (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-08-03 Waterguard, Inc. Flush valve leakage prevention and detection device
US5327931A (en) * 1992-01-31 1994-07-12 Waterguard, Inc. Flush valve leakage prevention and detection device
US6679286B2 (en) 2001-09-27 2004-01-20 Yoshitake Inc. Ball tap with a water level switch
US7757708B1 (en) 2008-02-25 2010-07-20 nth Solutions Toilet bowl overflow prevention and water conservation system and method
US8166996B2 (en) 2008-02-25 2012-05-01 Nth Solutions, Llc Toilet bowl overflow prevention and water conservation system and method
US8310369B1 (en) 2009-03-27 2012-11-13 Nth Solutions, Llc Detecting unintended flush toilet water flow
US9260848B1 (en) 2014-09-08 2016-02-16 Anthony R. Brandelli Hydraulic valve and toilet leak safety catch
US9625051B2 (en) 2014-09-08 2017-04-18 Anthony R. Brandelli Hydraulic valve adapter
US9631351B2 (en) 2014-09-08 2017-04-25 Anthony R. Brandelli Hydraulic valve adapter

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