J. S. NEOLA July 22, 1952 SHEARS Filed July 29, 1948 INVENTOR. BY fa /v 5. 02-040 Arrow/vs ys Patented July 22, 1952 s; v I
UNITED STATES PATENT,
. asoassig V y Jofn stasis; Shaker Heights, Ohio appraise July29, 1948,Serial No. 41,346'
rcisnn (c1. 311L229) Y 'Ihisinvention is for an improved formof shears tions laand 2a; Thearms- Land 2 .ncay-be re whichfare especially adapted-'fo'riuse in .the' art garded ashandle portions of my presentdevice; of'dresshaking and the like.
Y as'willlater aDDearr-JEach of the. d e o ions,
As is well known to thosewho;arefamiliar with land-21s provided at it fo ward end wi at ansa the art -to which the present. invention relates, verse'arm: 3 and 4, respectively, of substantial. patterns have been provided with .a guide means length and of app o imately h s me exte and for 'ens'uring'the matching of "the pattern in atpairsof shearing blades 5.,5and1. 8 areprovided taching two pieces of cloth together, as for inas integral angular extensions attheendsof the stance in forming a seam in a dress or other gararms 3 and 4, respectively. The arms 3 and 4' ment. As an expedient for this purpose, it has are closely arranged to each other and the blades been common practice to form registering notches at the ends thereof are arranged in p ir 6 and in the edges of the two pieces of material. which 8 so that upon Operation of the arms 3 d 4 are to be joined together, each notch being formed by the handle portions I and 2, there W l be by means of separate angular cuts which are supeffected a shearing action between the blades of posed to meet exactly at the corner of the notch. each f the p rs of b d s 6 d 7, h O However, experience has shown that very often, blades of each of these two pairsare angularly if not almost invariably, because of lack of control arranged with re p to ch other. when in openfl in handling the conventional shears or scissors, positi so as to be capa le f sh aring n a -f the out along one side of the angular notch will ment with the material A as the device is operated a be longer than intended, with the result that it so y me of th handle portions I a d 2 throu h will be necessary then to make a deeper notch the intermediate arms 3 and 4; and the blades than was intended, with consequent lack of preof each pair 5. 6 and 1, 8 extend inwardly and cision and also waste of material. forwardly in such manner as to terminate in their Accordingly. the object of my presentinvention shearing a ti n at the S m Point d r by is to devise a pair of shears which are adapted to .5 p duc at 016311 n mplete out. As indicated make the two angularly disposed cuts along the in the present form of illustration, the outer sides of a notch simultaneously so as to thereby blades 5 and 1 y b fermed integrally W t e ensure accuracy and also save time and material arm 3 as an outer closed triangle, and the inner in the matching of the pattern in the two pieces blades 6 and 8 may be f rmed in rally with the of material to be joined together. i arm 4 as an inner closed triangle. By having the Another object is to devise such a pair of shears blades 6 and 8 arranged for operative engagement with means for limiting the extent of the cutting Within the outer blades 5 and I, a d by having so as to thereby ensure formation of a notch of the outer point of the blades 6 and 8 capable of proper depth, as a guide means in the method effective operative engagement within the inner above referred to. corner formed by the outer blades 5 and 1, there other objects will appear from the following 'is provided means of perfecting the cutting or description and claim when considered together shearing action at the very corner of the angular with the accompanying drawing. notch.
Fig, 1 is a top plan view of a pair of shears Also, as ameans of limiting the extent to which embodying my present invention; 40 the shearing blades mayenter the material A in Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof in closed posiwhich the notch isto be formed. I have provided tion; a stop means 9 which extends at right angle to Fig. 3 is a side elevation thereof in open posiand engages the edge of the material A in actual tion; use of the device. In this way, it is readily possible Fig. 4 is a partial view taken on line 4-4 of to cut a notch of a desired depth and to ensure Fig. 1; against cutting beyond the point intended. It will Fig. 5 is a view taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 4; and be understood that this stop means 9 is adapted Fig. 6 illustrates the form of notch to be cut. to engage the edge of the material between the It is to be understood that the present form of points of engagement of the pairs of blades 5, 6 disclosure is merely for the purpose of illustration and 1, 8 and that the notched-shaped piece A and that there might be devised various modiof the material which is thus engaged by the stop fications thereof without departingfrom the spirit means 9, will fall away upon completion of the of my invention as herein set forth and claimed. shearing or notching action of my d vice.
The arms I and 2 are pivoted together in scissor- Thus I have devised a pair of notching shears like manner and have the finger-engaging porwhich may serve dependably in the cutting of the 4 notches which are to serve as a guide means in extending toward said other arm and positioned fitting the pattern of the material which is being upon opposite sides of said companion arms and provided with a seam, for instance, in the art of rearwardly of the other of said transverse arms dress-making and the like. These shears may be so as to provide front faces adapted for transmade and sold at a reasonable price and will 5 verse engagement by the edge of the material, prove a decided improvement over the old pracwhich is to be sheared, for limiting the maximum tice with respect to the finished work as well as extend of the shearing engagement of the shearsaving of time and material. ing blades with the material, whereby there may What I d d g A h v be produced a notch of predetermined maximum Notchingls' rseompfrifsing a1 eoirifpariioii; 10 depth}? 5 I; arms pivotally"'conected*together'1n'scissors-llke* L manner and with a finger-engaging portion at the, rear end of each of said arms, each of said arms being provided at its forward end and at a sub stantial distance forward of the point of said pivotal connection therebetween with *tr'a'fi verse arm extending in both directionsthere fronn REFERENCES CITED iihe following references are of record in the flle of this patent:
T'JfiiTED STATES PATENTS said transverse arms being arranged in clo h Number Name Date proximity to each other and being provided-at 13955312: Nakashlla? 1889 ite ends with pairs of shearing blades 20 893,669 Steel July 21, 1908 'neularlyrforvlardiv' d a d y so? 4.???93 ;.;M?..*. 1 1 eM Yw u '9r rs or -"tiaaes wur together iormziw .?22. -P v sa" e: the blades bf ea'chpair 2332-439 Cordwe ee 'Q fir 1 9 3 rate to' 'forrnav shapd notchibyzai Cb Date 7 ulation-o'ishair and meansa d one er-s aid traasv'erse arms and GreatBritain May 2 51:590