US2590851A - Quick-release buckle - Google Patents

Quick-release buckle Download PDF

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Publication number
US2590851A
US2590851A US3800448A US2590851A US 2590851 A US2590851 A US 2590851A US 3800448 A US3800448 A US 3800448A US 2590851 A US2590851 A US 2590851A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
buckle
release
member
strap
connector
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Edwin C Elsner
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C J W Corp
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C J W CORP
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B11/00Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts
    • A44B11/25Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts with two or more separable parts
    • A44B11/2503Safety buckles
    • A44B11/2526Safety buckles with an operating lever
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B11/00Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts
    • A44B11/25Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts with two or more separable parts
    • A44B11/2503Safety buckles
    • A44B11/2546Details
    • A44B11/2553Attachment of buckle to strap
    • A44B11/2557Attachment of buckle to strap with strap length adjustment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45471Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration
    • Y10T24/45482Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration and operator therefor
    • Y10T24/45487Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration and operator therefor including camming or wedging element on projection member
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45471Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration
    • Y10T24/45497Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration including pivotal connection between projection components

Description

April 1, 1952 lE. c. ELSNER 2,590,851

QUICK-RELEASE BUCKLE Filed July 10. 1948 50W/N C [L5/VER Gttomeg Patented Apr. 1, 1952 QUCK-RELEASE BUCKLE Edwin C. Elsner, North Hollywood, Calif., assigner to C.

J. W. Corporation, North Hollywood,

Calif., a corporation of California Application July 10, 1948, Serial No. 38,004

4 Claims. 1

This invention relates to buckles for connecting the ends of a strap, and while'the same has many uses, is more particularly adapted for connecting the ends of safety belts as employed in aviation.

An object of the present invention is to provide a strap buckle that is readily adjusted by a pull on one strap end to take up on the buckle and by a cam release to free said strap end to slack oi on the buckle, said buckle having, in combination, quick-release means that effects rapid separation of the strap ends when such is desired.

Another object of the invention is to provide a buckle, as indicated, that includes novel quickrelease means that is actuated by a simple pull on a readily available hook to eiect rapid separation of the strap end connected by the buckle.

Another object of the invention is to provide quick-release means that functions equally efficiently regardless of the degree of force that seeks to separate the ends of a strap connected by said means.

The invention also has for its objects to provide such means that are positive in operation,

convenient in use, easily installed in a working position and easily disconnected therefrom, economical of manufacture, relatively simple, and of general superiority and serviceablity.

The invention also comprises novel details of construction and novel combinations and arrangements of parts, which will more fully appear in the course of the following description. However, the drawings merely show and the Ifollowing description merely describes one embodirnent of the present invention, which is given by way of illustration cr example only.`

In the drawings, like reference characters designate similar parts in the several views.

Fig. 1 is a front view of a quick-release buckle constructed according to the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional vieu.r thereof as taken on line 2 2 of Fig. l. l

Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view as taken on line 3 3 of Fig. l.

Fig. 4 is a iront View of the quick-release means of saidbuckle in released condition.

This application embodies an improvement of my application entitled Quick-Release Automatic Strap Buckle, Serial No. 767,375, iiled August 1l, 1947, now U. S. Letters Patent No. 2,538,641. The present buckle is shown as connecting strap ends 5 and 6. Said ends may comprise the ends of a single strap as shown insaid pending application or they may comprise end of separate straps connected to a common member, such as a seat, whereby the buckle may be employed to connect the ends of a safety belt or the like.

The buckle that is illustrated comprises generally a strap-gripping buckle part l for the strap end 5, a pliable plate member 8 connected to said buckle part and adapted to reside against the stomach or chest of a person conned by a safety belt of which said buckle is the connection means, and quick-release means 9 sep arably connecting the buckle part l' and strap end Ii.

rThe buckle part l is substantially similar to the buckle shown in said pending application and the same comprises, generally, a frame I; a roller II mounted transversely of the frame at an intermediate part thereof for a loop l2 of the strap end 5 trained therearound to provide said strap end with a bight I3 that connects either to strap end 6 o1' to a member to which said end 6 is connected, and a free end I4; and cam-Wedge means I5 for gripping strap end 5 to maintain the tension thereof, the latter means embodying an extension I6 engaged with said strap end to urge the cam-wedge means into strap-gripping position.

The above generally described buckle part i further includes a transverse plate Il between which and the cam-wedge means the strap end 5 is gripped, a transverse rod I8 below said plate II for guiding the bight I3, and a transverse rod or bar I at the end of the frame I0 opposite to the cam-wedge means I5 to which the quickrelease means 9 is connected.

In use, take-up on strap end 5 is eiected by a pull on free strap end I4, the same freely sliding between the cam-wedge means I5 and plate Il. Release of said pull permits the force transmitted to extension IB, by said end I4, between rollei` II and plate Il, to so rock means l5 that the same eectively grips said strap end against any pull of bight I3. By pushing down against extension I6, the cam-wedge means l5 is rocked to release said grip and the pull on bight I3 is effective to slacken the strap. So long asl the extension I6 is held depressed, more slack, if desired, can be formed in strap end 5. Release of extension I 6 and pull on bight I3 automatically restores means I5 to a strap gripping position. The above is more fully set forth in s aid Vpending application.

The plate 8 is formed as a sheet 20 of leather or other suitable pliable material and the same, by means of a bracket v2 I, is hingedly connected at 22 to the frame IIJ of buckle part 1. Said plate effectively protects the clothing of the user from the metal parts of the buckle. Said plate, for other uses of the buckle, comprising a nonmarring separator interposed between the buckle and the article or articles encompassed by the strap.

The quick-release means 9 comprises, generally, a bail 23 hingedly connected on rod I9 of the buckle part 1, a connector 24 that includes latch members 25 adapted for separable connection with bail 23, hook release means 26 hingedly carried by the connector` and releasably holding said latch members, and a loop 21 formed on the connector for the strap end 6.

The bail 23 is formed with ears 28 that engage rod I9, with a transverse connecting part 29 for said earsfand a handle part 3i) facilitating positioning of the bail to receive the connector 24. Said connecting part 29 is formed with a transversely disposed rectangular opening 3| that receives the connector 24.

Connector 24 comprises a pair of spaced plates 32 and 33 that are narrow enough to freely enter opening 3i. Near one end said plates are connected by pins 3d that comprise pivots for latch members 25 that are free to swing on said pivots between a position between plates 32 and 33, as in Fig. 1, and an angular position outwardly of said plates, as in Fig. 4.

Each latch member 25 comprises a bar 35 that. at one end, is formed with a lug or hook 36 which is laterally directed when the bar is disposed within connector 24 between the plates thereof. and at the other end is notched as at 31.

The means 26 releasably engages the notched ends 31 of the latch bars. The same comprises a lever having a pair of ears 38, a transverse connecting part 39 connecting said ears, and a hook or curved extension 4|) of said connecting part that forms a hook adapted to be lifted by the finger. The ears 38 are apertured for a hinge pin 4| carried by ears 42 struck from plate 32, and a torsion spring 43 is loosely Wound on said hinge pin and arranged to normally urge said hook 43 down against plate 32 to bring ears 38 into engagement with notched end 31 of the latch members. With the latch members so retained and the connector inserted into opening 3|, the laterally directed lugs 36 will extend into engagement with connecting part Z3 of bail 23. Rod 9 limits the degree of insertion of the connector into opening 3|.

The loop 21 comprises an integral extension of plates 32 and 33, the same having an opening 44 for a loop 45 formed on strap end G.

In use, hook release means 25 is swung up to rock ears 38 out of engagement with latch members 25. By holding buckle part 1 in one hand and quick release means 9 in the other with the latch members outwardly tilted or swung as in Fig. 4, the means 9 may be inserted into opening 3|, the lugs 36 entering rst. During insertion, the edges e6 of opening 3| will engage against edges 41 of the latch members to rock said members on their pivots 313 and thereby swing said latch members into place between plates 32 and 33. Then when means 25 is released, spring 41 becomes eiective to swing the same down to the position of Fig. l wherein ears 38 ft into notches 31 and have retention engagement with the latch members. It will be evident that considerable forcemay be applied seeking to separate strap ends and v6 and said force will be fully met 4 due to lugs 35 by their engagement with bail part 29.

Should a rapid release of the quick release means '9 become necessary to effect separation of the strap ends 5 and 6, no matter how great is the force seeking to separate said strap ends, a simple lift by any finger, engaged in hook 6U. will easily withdraw ears 38 from engagement with the latch members and the latter will pivot outwardly so that lugs 36, pivoting inwardly, will pass out through opening 3|. The strap end will thus fall away to release the person retained thereby.

It will be noted that the latch members swing in one plane while the ears 38 pivot in a transverse plane. The slight friction between said parts is readily overcome by the finger pull irnparted to the considerable lever -that terminates in hook 43. It will also be seen that hook 40 is so formed that the same cannot be inadvertently actuated, since it nests adjacent bail 23. Only by deliberately hooking the same with a nger and exerting outward pull is release obtained.

The terms g1-ips, grippingf holds and "holding are intended as interchangeable terms in this disclosure and in the appended claims.

While I have illustrated and described what I now regard as the preferred embodiment o1' my invention, the construction is, of course. subject to modications without departing from the spirit and scope or my invention. I, therefore. do not wish to restrict myself to the particular form of construction illustrated and described, but desire to avail myself of all modifications that may fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a buckle, quick-release means comprising a bail-like member having an opening, a connector comprising a pair of spaced connected plates insertable into said opening, a pair or" latch members between said plates and carried on separate pivots, each latch member having a laterally directed lug extending outward of the connector and adapted to have hooking engagement with the bail-like member after insertion through the opening in the latter, said latch members extending from their pivots in substantially parallel relationship when in hooked position, and a latch release member pivotally carried by one plate and having opposed ears engageable with the free ends of the latch members, said release member extending toward and nesting adjacent to the bai1-like member while the ears are engaged with the latch members, whereby inadvertent movement of the release member is obviated.

2. In a buckle, quick-release means comprising a member having an opening, a connector insertable into said opening, a pair of latch members carried by the connector on separate pivots adjacent the insertable end of the connector, each latch member having a laterally directed lug extending laterally from its pivoted end outward of the connector and adapted to have hooking engagement with the member having the opening after insertion of the connector through said opening, said latch members extending from their pivots longitudinally of the connector in substantially parallel relationship when in hooked position, and a latch release lever pivotally carried by the connector and having opposed ears engageable with the free ends of the latch members, said lever extending toward and nesting adjacent to the member having the opening while the ears are engaged with the latch members, whereby inadvertent movement of the release member is obviated.

3. In a buckle, quick-release means comprising a bail-like member having an opening, a connector comprising a pair of spaced connected plates insertable into said opening,'a pair of latch members between said plates and having front ends carried on separate pivots adjacent the insertable end of the connector, said latch members having laterally directed lugs at their front ends extending outward of the connector from opposite sides thereof and adapted to have hooking engagement with the bail-like member at opposite sides of the opening after insertion through the opening in the latter, said latch members extending from their pivots in substantially parallel relationship when in hooked position, and a latch release member pivotally carried by one plate and having opposed ears engageable with outer side edges of the free ends of the latch members, said release member extending toward and nesting adjacent to the baillike member while the ears are engaged with the latch member, whereby inadvertent movement of the release member is obviated.

4. In a buckle, quick-release means comprising n. bail-like member having an opening, a connector comprising a pair of spaced connected plates insertable into said opening, a pair of latch members between said plates and at their front ends carried on separate pivots, each latch member having a laterally directed lug at its front end extending outward of the connector and adapted to have hooking engagement with the bail-like member after insertion through the opening in the latter, said latch members extending from their pivots longitudinally of the connector in substantially parallel relationship when in hooked position, and a latch release member pivotally carried by one plate and having opposed ears engageable with the free ends of the latch members, said release member extending toward and nesting adjacent to the bail-like member while the ears are engaged with the latch members, whereby inadvertent movement of the release member is ob'viated.

EDWIN C. ELSNER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,806,265 Roy May 19, 1931 1,807,293 Keller May 26, 1931 2,153,077 Clarke Apr. 4, 1939 2,164,447 Clarke July 4, 1939 2,446,951 Quilter Aug. 10, 1948

US2590851A 1948-07-10 1948-07-10 Quick-release buckle Expired - Lifetime US2590851A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2818623A (en) * 1954-07-12 1958-01-07 Mcjohn Corp Buckle
US2835952A (en) * 1955-04-27 1958-05-27 Mininberg Helen Opening and closing device for slide fasteners
US2877529A (en) * 1957-06-10 1959-03-17 Aeroquip Corp Separable connector
US2903774A (en) * 1952-12-24 1959-09-15 Harley Frank Bernard Buckles
US2999288A (en) * 1955-11-23 1961-09-12 Capewell Mfg Company Buckle assembly
US3013317A (en) * 1958-02-24 1961-12-19 William M Noe Metal-to-metal buckle
US3020089A (en) * 1960-02-23 1962-02-06 Benjamin F Monroe Retractable belt
US3343873A (en) * 1965-04-09 1967-09-26 Bayon Patrice Marie Closing devices for belts

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1806265A (en) * 1930-04-30 1931-05-19 Gemex Co Bracelet clasp
US1807293A (en) * 1929-10-23 1931-05-26 Keller Charles Bernard Jewelry fastener
US2153077A (en) * 1937-05-24 1939-04-04 Clarke Frederick Arthur Coupling
US2164447A (en) * 1936-09-14 1939-07-04 Clarke Frederick Arthur Coupling
US2446951A (en) * 1945-10-31 1948-08-10 Quilter John Raymond Cuthbert Disconnectible push coupling

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1807293A (en) * 1929-10-23 1931-05-26 Keller Charles Bernard Jewelry fastener
US1806265A (en) * 1930-04-30 1931-05-19 Gemex Co Bracelet clasp
US2164447A (en) * 1936-09-14 1939-07-04 Clarke Frederick Arthur Coupling
US2153077A (en) * 1937-05-24 1939-04-04 Clarke Frederick Arthur Coupling
US2446951A (en) * 1945-10-31 1948-08-10 Quilter John Raymond Cuthbert Disconnectible push coupling

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2903774A (en) * 1952-12-24 1959-09-15 Harley Frank Bernard Buckles
US2818623A (en) * 1954-07-12 1958-01-07 Mcjohn Corp Buckle
US2835952A (en) * 1955-04-27 1958-05-27 Mininberg Helen Opening and closing device for slide fasteners
US2999288A (en) * 1955-11-23 1961-09-12 Capewell Mfg Company Buckle assembly
US2877529A (en) * 1957-06-10 1959-03-17 Aeroquip Corp Separable connector
US3013317A (en) * 1958-02-24 1961-12-19 William M Noe Metal-to-metal buckle
US3020089A (en) * 1960-02-23 1962-02-06 Benjamin F Monroe Retractable belt
US3343873A (en) * 1965-04-09 1967-09-26 Bayon Patrice Marie Closing devices for belts

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