US2583422A - Building construction - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2583422A
US2583422A US33625A US3362548A US2583422A US 2583422 A US2583422 A US 2583422A US 33625 A US33625 A US 33625A US 3362548 A US3362548 A US 3362548A US 2583422 A US2583422 A US 2583422A
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Prior art keywords
domes
cover
base
gutter
openings
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Expired - Lifetime
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US33625A
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Jesse E Haddon
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CHARLES M KIPP
THEODORE W BLUM
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CHARLES M KIPP
THEODORE W BLUM
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Priority to US33625A priority Critical patent/US2583422A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/076Devices or arrangements for removing snow, ice or debris from gutters or for preventing accumulation thereof

Description

J. E. HADDON 2,583,422
Jan. 22, 1952 suxminc oNs'rRucTIon Filid June 17, 1948 IN V EN TOR.
Paten tecl Jan. 22, 1952 UNITED I STATES PATENT OFFICE-71:1"
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Jesse E. Haddon, Elmwood Park, Ill., assignor of one-third to Theodore W. Blum and one-third 'to' Charles M. Kipp, both of Chicago, Ill.
Application June 17, 1948,'Serial No. 33,625
5 Claims. (01. 108-80) My invention relates to building constructions and includes among its objects and advantages an improvement in the mounting and functioning of gutters for receiving and disposing of water and other materials moving down and off the edge of a roof.
In the accompanying drawings,
Figure l is a fragmentary plan view of a section of gutter cover;
Figure 2 is a section on line 2-'2 of Figure 1;
Figure 8 is a section on line 33 of Figure 1;
Figure 4 is a, sectional view of a complete gutter and its support;
Figure 5 is a plan view of the attachment tab as in section on line 5-5 of Figure 4; v
. Figure 6 is a partly diagrammatic showing of a section of gutter on a reduced scale;
Figure 7 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing a modification in the embossing; and
Figure 8 is a fragmentary section of an alter native fastening means.
In the embodiment of the invention selected for illustration, in Figures 1 and 6 inclusive, the conventional gutter l0 includes a bottom [2, a vertical inner side wall l4, and an outer side wall I6 which may be irregularly shaped for ornamental purposes. The outer wall i6 terminates in a turned-in flange l8, which stifiens the structure somewhat and provides a support for the outer attachment clips. The vertical inner wall l4 terminates in an inclined continuous flange 20 which, in the finished structure, over lies the roof plank 22 and underlies the shingle, or waterproof covering 24.
'To prevent leaves. twigs and the like from accumulating in the trough, where it becomes necessary to remove them laboriously by hand, I provide a cover in the nature of a plate 26 curved down very slightly between its ends. The main expanse of the plate 26 is embossed, or swedged, to define a series of blisters or domes 28, most of which are of the full length illustrated in Figure 1, although, to secure the mostcomplete coverage, shorter domes 30 may be formed adjacent the edges of the corrugated area. Each dome 38 is struck up from the metal of the sheet 26 and simultaneously embossed into the domeshaped cross section best indicated in Figures 2 and 3. This leaves a series of drain openings 32 opening horizontally parallel to the plane of the sheet 26. The domes 30 may be identical with the domes 28 except that they are shorter. The short fiat undistorted portions of metal remaining at 34 between the ends of adjacent domes in the same row, combine with the long fiat por- 2 tions 36 between adjacent rows to define the base of the support as a, whole.
The fiat portions 86 are of substantially the same width as the domes 28 and 30, and the flat portions 34 are no wider, and the openings 32 have fairly sharp rough edges. Thus the irregu larly corrugated surface on which leaves and other debris falling off the roof come to rest in the first instance is of a shape such that the ability of such solid objects to obstruct and close the drainage openings 32 is a minimum. Excellent results in this respect have been secured with the successive rows of domes about of an inch high and A of an inch wide spaced apart about 1% of an inch from center line to center line.
A leaf or piece of newspaper or other flexible object happening .to come to rest on the cover tends to bridge the gaps between adjacent domes 28 and to be supported thereby, leaving a space below the would-be obstacle into and out of which water can drain easily. If such a leaf remains in place for some time, either with or without being rendered brittle by repeated wettings and dryings, it usually gets dislodged by a bit of gusty wind. In rare instances when the leaf stays long enough to rot, and is torn, it tends to tear in such a way as to form openings precisely at the drain openings 32.
It will be apparent that with such a gutter cover in place, a single stroke of a brush or broom will usually be effective to dislodge all material resting on top of the cover either wet or dry.
In Figures 4 and 5 I have illustrated inner and outer supporting clips for the cover 26. The outer clip 38 is a simple S-shape of which the upper bight slips over the flange I8 and the lower bight slips over the edge of the sheet 26. The end of the 8 may be continued diagonally downwardly'and outwardly as at 40 so that it can be pushed against the wall I6 for additional bracing. The inner clip of Figures 4 and 5 has an outwardly extending lower end 42, the inner half of which forms the bottom of a U-shaped bight to receive the inner edge of the sheet 26. The metal is then folded back on itself as at 44 and then extends diagonally up at 46 above the flange 20 and down again at 48 below the flange 20. The portions 46 and 48 can be provided with a plurality of barbs 50 pointing in a direction to resist withdrawal of the assembled support.
In Figure '7 I have indicated domes 29 and 3|, identical with domes 28 and 30 of Figure 1 except that they are somewhat smaller and arranged in diagonal rows. The diagonal arrangement appears to be equally effective in maintaining drainage, and facilitates removal of debris with a brush by tending to shift the debris toward one edge of the support when the brush is moved longitudinally. And where a valley in the roof concentrates a heavy volume on a small area, the diagonal domes tend to spread the splashed water out along the gutter and less of it splashes off the ground.
In Figure 8 I have indicated an inner supporting clip differing from that of Figures 4 and 5 in that the portion 54 extending up over the roof plank 22 is a simple fiat strip of metal fastened in place by lifting the weatherproof covering 24 and putting in a pair of nails 56. The nails 56 may have very large heads 58 so that they can be driven home by laying a cleat or bit of board on top of the covering 54 and hammering .on the cleat to force the parts into the position indicated in Figure 8. Because the heads are large this can be done without injuring the covering 24. A slight embossing of the lower surface oi. the covering 24 helps it lie flat and is an advantage in the finished structure. The nails 56 can also be put in by the conventional holding tools that include anvil means to receive the blow.
In Figure 6 I have diagrammatically indicated a length of gutter l6 having a down spout at -60 at the left end of the gutter, and with the left end of the gutter a little lower than the right end to speed up drainage. in such a gutter the cover may be mounted as in Figure 4 throughout or it may be mounted to lie along the dotted line indicated at 62 in Figure 6. Such an arrangement tends to cause any longitudinal acmulation of debris to occur at the right hand end where the volume of water to be disposed of is a minimum, and leave the left hand end relatively bare. Such a cover not only helps the water moving expeditiously to its proper destination, but it prevents blocking of the down spouts by balls or sticks. It also disposes of twigs, and the like, in such a way that the sediment accumulating in cisterns is materially reduced, and clogging by accumulations of debris 'in sewers and catch basins substantially diminished.
Others may readily adapt the invention for use under various conditions of service by employing one or more of the novel features disclosed, or equivalents thereof. As at present advised, I desire to claim the following subject matter:
1. 'A cover for gutters; said cover including a relatively plane base and a series of domes struck up from said base; each dome being defined in plan view by parallel sides longer than the dist'ance between said sides; each dome curving downward at both ends to an integral end union with said base; each dome having sharp side edges curving up above the plane of said base to define a substantially horizontal sharp edged opening between the arched dome edge and corresponding edge of said base.
2. A cover according to claim 1 in which at least the middle portion of each dome is also arched transversely of its length, whereby the drain opening is positioned in a plane inclined slightly toward the dome.
3. A cover for gutters; said cover including a relatively plane base and a series of spaced domes integral with said base and rising above the level of said base; certain of said domes having side openings topermit drainage through said cover; said openings extending down to the level of said base.
4. A cover for gutters; said cover including a relatively plane base and a series of spaced domes integral with said base and rising above the level of said base; certain of said domes having side openings to permit drainage through said cover; said openings extending down to the level of said base; whereby decaying leaves and similar obstructions, lying across the tops of a plurality of domes, tend to rupture in the spans between said domes and open drain'passages through said obstructions in approximate registry with the side openings in said domes.
5. A cover sheet for gutters; said cover'sheet including a relatively plane base and a regular series of domes; said domes being about inches high and spaced apart about inches andoi a width such as to leave flat spaces between adja-' cent domes about as wide as said domes; each dome remaining integral with said sheet at its ends and being severed along its sides to define drain openings.
JESSE E.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent;
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 474,442 Byers May 10. 1892 956,372 'Kreutzberg Apr. 26, 1910 960,835 Daniels June 7, 1910 2,175,138 Westlake Oct. ,3, 1939 2,271,081 Layton Jan. 27, 1942' 2,288,121 Cisar June 30, 1942 2 ,365,845 Schweda Dec. 26. 1944
US33625A 1948-06-17 1948-06-17 Building construction Expired - Lifetime US2583422A (en)

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Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2669950A (en) * 1952-10-08 1954-02-23 George A Bartholomew Nonclogging eaves structure
US2674961A (en) * 1950-10-24 1954-04-13 Howard L Lake Roof gutter
US2847949A (en) * 1954-04-22 1958-08-19 Alford L Pond Eave trough
US2948083A (en) * 1955-12-02 1960-08-09 Homer M Steele Gutter screen
US3507396A (en) * 1966-07-25 1970-04-21 Ramsay Homa Gutters for rainwater
US3950951A (en) * 1974-07-08 1976-04-20 Raymond Zukauskas Covered gutter
US4036761A (en) * 1976-07-22 1977-07-19 Stone City Products, Inc. Gutter guard
US4157680A (en) * 1975-04-04 1979-06-12 Wincanton Engineering Limited Drainage plates
US4254595A (en) * 1979-04-04 1981-03-10 Crosslen Louis J Removable cover for roof gutter
US4395852A (en) * 1981-04-13 1983-08-02 Robert G. Carter Gutter guard
US4418504A (en) * 1981-10-19 1983-12-06 Lassiter Will M Drain shield for gutters
US4485645A (en) * 1982-09-30 1984-12-04 Whirlpool Corporation Foreign objects trap for automatic washer
US4727689A (en) * 1986-08-28 1988-03-01 Kusan, Inc. Detachable rain gutter
DE3905961A1 (en) * 1988-03-18 1989-09-14 Rolf Pieper Anti-foliage covering for roof gutters
US4941299A (en) * 1989-03-17 1990-07-17 Sweers Ronald L Guard screen for a rain gutter
US4945690A (en) * 1988-06-09 1990-08-07 Otto Edgar H Cover member for rain gutters
US5271191A (en) * 1992-03-20 1993-12-21 Trim Tool & Die Company, Inc. Gutter shield and support
US6016631A (en) * 1997-12-12 2000-01-25 Lowrie, Iii; Edmund G. Rain gutter devices
US6151836A (en) * 1997-10-30 2000-11-28 Mcglothlin; W. Neal Gutter system
US20060123710A1 (en) * 2003-09-16 2006-06-15 Lenney Robert C Rain gutter debris preclusion device
US20070214731A1 (en) * 2006-03-17 2007-09-20 Bachman James E Gutter cover
US20080163561A1 (en) * 2003-09-16 2008-07-10 Lenney Robert C Rain gutter debris preclusion device
US20080289263A1 (en) * 2004-08-11 2008-11-27 Guy Brochu One Piece Gutter with Intergrated Screen
US20090288349A1 (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-11-26 Thomas A. Wootton Debris Deflection Devices
US7665247B1 (en) * 2006-01-03 2010-02-23 Pratt James M Gutter debris deflector having multiple slots
US20100071273A1 (en) * 2008-09-22 2010-03-25 Joly Jr Robert E Cutter cover installation
USD615632S1 (en) 2009-09-15 2010-05-11 Thomas A. Wootton Rain gutter cover
USD621481S1 (en) 2009-09-15 2010-08-10 Wootton Thomas A Rain gutter cover
USD621484S1 (en) 2009-09-15 2010-08-10 Wootton Thomas A Rain gutter cover
US20110056145A1 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 Lenney Robert C Corrugated mesh gutter leaf preclusion system
US20110067318A1 (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-03-24 Lenney Robert C Supported mesh debris preclusion system for gutters
US8438787B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2013-05-14 Gutterglove, Inc. De-iced gutter debris preclusion system
US20150040488A1 (en) * 2013-08-07 2015-02-12 Gutterglove, Inc. Gutter Debris Preclusion Device with Multiple Manipulations and Patterns Thereof
US9284735B2 (en) * 2013-08-19 2016-03-15 Slate E. Bryer Debris repelling filtering device for roof gutters
US9915070B2 (en) 2014-02-12 2018-03-13 Gutterglove, Inc. Self-supporting bi-directional corrugated mesh leaf preclusion device
US10125496B2 (en) 2011-09-21 2018-11-13 Gutterglove, Inc. Raised arc rain gutter debris preclusion device
US10458121B2 (en) 2011-12-08 2019-10-29 Gutterglove, Inc. Gutter guard barrier
US10669722B1 (en) 2018-04-03 2020-06-02 Heath Austin Hicks Roofing debris collection apparatus
US10704265B1 (en) 2018-04-03 2020-07-07 Heath Austin Hicks Roofing debris collection apparatus
US10711464B1 (en) * 2018-03-14 2020-07-14 Christopher G. Tatasciore Water diverting and filtering device for rain gutters
US10801208B1 (en) * 2018-03-14 2020-10-13 Slate E. Bryer Water diverting and filtering device for rain gutters
US10808408B1 (en) * 2018-03-14 2020-10-20 Christopher G. Tatasciore Water diverting and filtering device for rain gutters
US10827821B2 (en) 2016-12-09 2020-11-10 Gutterglove, Inc. Universal gutter guard cleaning brush
USD905833S1 (en) 2018-01-31 2020-12-22 All Weather Armour, Llc Fascia-mounted gutter debris barrier system

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US474442A (en) * 1892-05-10 Eaves-trough
US956372A (en) * 1909-06-09 1910-04-26 Ernst Kreutzberg Self-cleaning eaves-trough.
US960835A (en) * 1908-12-08 1910-06-07 Harry R Daniels Protector for eaves-troughs.
US2175138A (en) * 1938-10-11 1939-10-03 Jr Edward B Westlake Eaves trough
US2271081A (en) * 1941-01-02 1942-01-27 Peter N Layton Eaves trough and cover
US2288121A (en) * 1940-08-04 1942-06-30 American Steel & Wire Co Protector for eave troughs
US2365845A (en) * 1942-10-24 1944-12-26 Schweda Martin Roof gutter protecting device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US474442A (en) * 1892-05-10 Eaves-trough
US960835A (en) * 1908-12-08 1910-06-07 Harry R Daniels Protector for eaves-troughs.
US956372A (en) * 1909-06-09 1910-04-26 Ernst Kreutzberg Self-cleaning eaves-trough.
US2175138A (en) * 1938-10-11 1939-10-03 Jr Edward B Westlake Eaves trough
US2288121A (en) * 1940-08-04 1942-06-30 American Steel & Wire Co Protector for eave troughs
US2271081A (en) * 1941-01-02 1942-01-27 Peter N Layton Eaves trough and cover
US2365845A (en) * 1942-10-24 1944-12-26 Schweda Martin Roof gutter protecting device

Cited By (64)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2674961A (en) * 1950-10-24 1954-04-13 Howard L Lake Roof gutter
US2669950A (en) * 1952-10-08 1954-02-23 George A Bartholomew Nonclogging eaves structure
US2847949A (en) * 1954-04-22 1958-08-19 Alford L Pond Eave trough
US2948083A (en) * 1955-12-02 1960-08-09 Homer M Steele Gutter screen
US3507396A (en) * 1966-07-25 1970-04-21 Ramsay Homa Gutters for rainwater
US3950951A (en) * 1974-07-08 1976-04-20 Raymond Zukauskas Covered gutter
US4157680A (en) * 1975-04-04 1979-06-12 Wincanton Engineering Limited Drainage plates
US4036761A (en) * 1976-07-22 1977-07-19 Stone City Products, Inc. Gutter guard
US4254595A (en) * 1979-04-04 1981-03-10 Crosslen Louis J Removable cover for roof gutter
US4395852A (en) * 1981-04-13 1983-08-02 Robert G. Carter Gutter guard
US4418504A (en) * 1981-10-19 1983-12-06 Lassiter Will M Drain shield for gutters
US4485645A (en) * 1982-09-30 1984-12-04 Whirlpool Corporation Foreign objects trap for automatic washer
US4727689A (en) * 1986-08-28 1988-03-01 Kusan, Inc. Detachable rain gutter
DE3905961A1 (en) * 1988-03-18 1989-09-14 Rolf Pieper Anti-foliage covering for roof gutters
US4945690A (en) * 1988-06-09 1990-08-07 Otto Edgar H Cover member for rain gutters
US4941299A (en) * 1989-03-17 1990-07-17 Sweers Ronald L Guard screen for a rain gutter
US5271191A (en) * 1992-03-20 1993-12-21 Trim Tool & Die Company, Inc. Gutter shield and support
US6151836A (en) * 1997-10-30 2000-11-28 Mcglothlin; W. Neal Gutter system
US6016631A (en) * 1997-12-12 2000-01-25 Lowrie, Iii; Edmund G. Rain gutter devices
US20060123710A1 (en) * 2003-09-16 2006-06-15 Lenney Robert C Rain gutter debris preclusion device
US20080163561A1 (en) * 2003-09-16 2008-07-10 Lenney Robert C Rain gutter debris preclusion device
US7310912B2 (en) * 2003-09-16 2007-12-25 Lenney Robert C Rain gutter debris preclusion device
US7975435B2 (en) 2003-09-16 2011-07-12 Lenney Robert C Rain gutter debris preclusion device
US20080289263A1 (en) * 2004-08-11 2008-11-27 Guy Brochu One Piece Gutter with Intergrated Screen
US7665247B1 (en) * 2006-01-03 2010-02-23 Pratt James M Gutter debris deflector having multiple slots
WO2007109421A3 (en) * 2006-03-17 2008-01-10 Eran Ind Inc Gutter cover
US20070214731A1 (en) * 2006-03-17 2007-09-20 Bachman James E Gutter cover
WO2007109421A2 (en) * 2006-03-17 2007-09-27 Eran Industries, Inc. Gutter cover
US20090288349A1 (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-11-26 Thomas A. Wootton Debris Deflection Devices
US8069617B2 (en) 2008-05-20 2011-12-06 Wootton Thomas A Debris deflection devices
US20100071273A1 (en) * 2008-09-22 2010-03-25 Joly Jr Robert E Cutter cover installation
US8001729B2 (en) 2008-09-22 2011-08-23 Joly Jr Robert E Gutter cover installation
US8438787B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2013-05-14 Gutterglove, Inc. De-iced gutter debris preclusion system
US9869094B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2018-01-16 Gutterglove, Inc. Corrugated mesh gutter leaf preclusion system
US9021747B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2015-05-05 Gutterglove, Inc. Corrugated mesh gutter leaf preclusion system
US10407913B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2019-09-10 Gutterglove, Inc. Corrugated mesh gutter leaf preclusion system
US20110056145A1 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 Lenney Robert C Corrugated mesh gutter leaf preclusion system
USD621481S1 (en) 2009-09-15 2010-08-10 Wootton Thomas A Rain gutter cover
USD621484S1 (en) 2009-09-15 2010-08-10 Wootton Thomas A Rain gutter cover
USD615632S1 (en) 2009-09-15 2010-05-11 Thomas A. Wootton Rain gutter cover
US8479454B2 (en) 2009-09-23 2013-07-09 Gutterglove, Inc. Supported mesh debris preclusion system for gutters
US20110067318A1 (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-03-24 Lenney Robert C Supported mesh debris preclusion system for gutters
US10858837B2 (en) 2011-09-21 2020-12-08 Gutterglove, Inc. Raised arc rain gutter debris preclusion device
US10125496B2 (en) 2011-09-21 2018-11-13 Gutterglove, Inc. Raised arc rain gutter debris preclusion device
US10458121B2 (en) 2011-12-08 2019-10-29 Gutterglove, Inc. Gutter guard barrier
US20150040488A1 (en) * 2013-08-07 2015-02-12 Gutterglove, Inc. Gutter Debris Preclusion Device with Multiple Manipulations and Patterns Thereof
US9834936B2 (en) * 2013-08-07 2017-12-05 Gutterglove, Inc. Gutter debris preclusion device with multiple manipulations and patterns thereof
US10683667B2 (en) * 2013-08-19 2020-06-16 Slate E. Bryer Debris repelling filtering device for roof gutters
US20170370105A1 (en) * 2013-08-19 2017-12-28 Slate E. Bryer Debris Repelling Filtering Device for Roof Gutters
US9783988B2 (en) * 2013-08-19 2017-10-10 Slate E. Bryer Debris repelling filtering device for roof gutters
US9284735B2 (en) * 2013-08-19 2016-03-15 Slate E. Bryer Debris repelling filtering device for roof gutters
US10781592B2 (en) 2014-02-12 2020-09-22 Gutterglove, Inc. Self-supporting bi-directional corrugated mesh leaf preclusion device
US9915070B2 (en) 2014-02-12 2018-03-13 Gutterglove, Inc. Self-supporting bi-directional corrugated mesh leaf preclusion device
US10233648B2 (en) 2014-02-12 2019-03-19 Gutterglove, Inc. Self-supporting bi-directional corrugated mesh leaf preclusion device
US10827821B2 (en) 2016-12-09 2020-11-10 Gutterglove, Inc. Universal gutter guard cleaning brush
USD905833S1 (en) 2018-01-31 2020-12-22 All Weather Armour, Llc Fascia-mounted gutter debris barrier system
USD909546S1 (en) 2018-01-31 2021-02-02 All Weather Armour, Llc Fascia-mounted gutter debris barrier system
US10801208B1 (en) * 2018-03-14 2020-10-13 Slate E. Bryer Water diverting and filtering device for rain gutters
US10808408B1 (en) * 2018-03-14 2020-10-20 Christopher G. Tatasciore Water diverting and filtering device for rain gutters
US10711464B1 (en) * 2018-03-14 2020-07-14 Christopher G. Tatasciore Water diverting and filtering device for rain gutters
US10808407B1 (en) 2018-04-03 2020-10-20 Heath Austin Hicks Roofing debris collection apparatus
US10704265B1 (en) 2018-04-03 2020-07-07 Heath Austin Hicks Roofing debris collection apparatus
US10669722B1 (en) 2018-04-03 2020-06-02 Heath Austin Hicks Roofing debris collection apparatus
US10724246B1 (en) * 2018-04-03 2020-07-28 Heath Austin Hicks Roofing debris collection apparatus

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