US2574608A - Electrical junction box connector - Google Patents

Electrical junction box connector Download PDF

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Publication number
US2574608A
US2574608A US768334A US76833447A US2574608A US 2574608 A US2574608 A US 2574608A US 768334 A US768334 A US 768334A US 76833447 A US76833447 A US 76833447A US 2574608 A US2574608 A US 2574608A
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Prior art keywords
wafers
adapted
teeth
junction box
insulating
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US768334A
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Andrew H Ziph
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Andrew H Ziph
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R4/00Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact, i.e. touching one another; Means for effecting or maintaining such contact; Electrically-conductive connections having two or more spaced connecting locations for conductors and using contact members penetrating insulation
    • H01R4/24Connections using contact members penetrating or cutting insulation or cable strands
    • H01R4/2404Connections using contact members penetrating or cutting insulation or cable strands the contact members having teeth, prongs, pins or needles penetrating the insulation
    • H01R4/2408Connections using contact members penetrating or cutting insulation or cable strands the contact members having teeth, prongs, pins or needles penetrating the insulation actuated by clamping screws
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G3/00Installations of electric cables or lines in or on buildings, equivalent structures or vehicles
    • H02G3/02Details
    • H02G3/08Distribution boxes; Connection or junction boxes
    • H02G3/16Distribution boxes; Connection or junction boxes structurally associated with support for line-connecting terminals within the box

Description

A. H. ZIPH ELECTRICAL JUNCTION BOX CONNECTOR Filed Aug. l5, 194'? Nov. 13, 195] JWM Patented Nov. 13, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ELECTRICAL JUNCTION BOX CONNECTOR Andrew H. Ziph, St.v Joseph, Mo.

Application August 13, 1947, Serial No. 768,334

l 7 Claims.

This invention relates to new and useful irnprovements in an electrical connector, and has particular reference to a connector for use in an electrical junction box. At present it is customary, particularly in household or other small electrical installations, to make junction box connections by twisting and taping the bare ends of the wires, or by soldering the ends. Twisting damages the wires, and prevents easy disassembly. Soldering of course requires special toolsl and is very inconvenient in many places connections must be made. Many attempts have been made to provide a connector overcoming these and other objections, but they have not been greatly successful because the devices have been too cumbersome and expensive, or difficult to apply, or required special tools, or provided inadequate contact surface, thus causing an undue voltage drop.

The principal object of the present invention is, therefore, the provision of a solder-less, tapeless, electrical connector` causing virtually no deformation of the wires, insuring adequate contact surface, and requiring no Y'special tools for installation.

Another object is the provision of an electrical connector comprising a central insulating wafer having recesses formed in opposite surfaces thereof for receiving a conductor plate having radial arms with serrations formed therec along, said serrations being bent to project outwardly from the surface of the wafer to form channels for receiving electrical wires, and an outer wafer adapted to be drawn into clamping contact with each surface of said central wafer, thereby forcing said serrations into clamping and gouging contact with said wires to form a Asecure electrical connection.

Another object is the provision of an electrical connector which is completely enclosed so that no uninsulated wire or other conductor yprojects from the connector, thereby eliminating the possibility of short circuits to the junction box and making it unnecessary to fasten the connector Asecurely within the box.

Other obiects are simplicity and economy of construction, there being a small number of parts all adapted for high speed automatic production, and ease and efficiency of operation, the turning of a single screw securing as many wires as desired into the connector.

With these obiects in view, as well as other objects which will appear during the course of the specification, reference will be had to the drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a plan view of a junction box with the cover partially broken away, and containing an electrical connector embodying the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a vertical section taken on line II--II of Figure 1, with parts left in elevation.

Fig. 3 is a section taken between two of the insulating wafers, on line III- III of Figure 2.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged section taken on line IV-IV of Figure 3, with the insulating wafers shown separated as before assembly.

Fig. 5 is a View of the parts shown in Figure 4, with the connector completely assembled.

Like reference numerals apply to similar parts throughout the several Views, and the numeral l0 applies to an electrical junction box of standard type, being substantially octagonal in shape adapted to be secured to a wall I2 or other structural unit by means such as screws I4, and having a cover IB removably xed thereto by screws i8 which engage threaded tabs 20 struck out from the side walls 22 of box l0. Metallic conduits 24 to be introduced into the box are secured by set screws 26 in sleeves 28, said sleeves being secured in side walls 22 at spaced intervals around the junction box by means of nuts 353. The structure so far recited is common and no claim is made thereto. The sole purpose of its recitation here is the disclosure of a representative application of the connector device hereinafter described.

The connector includes a central wafer 32 and two outer wafers 34 and 3S, said wafers being formed of plastic or other suitable insulating material and adapted to be assembled in a pile and to be clamped together by a central screw 38. Said screw engages a clamp plate 40 at each end, said clamp plates having radially extending arms by means of which the force of screw 38 is distributed evenly over the outer surfaces of wafers 34 and 36. Central wafer 32 is provided with outwardly extending bosses 42 on each side thereof concentric with screw 38, and adapted to t within correspondingly shaped recesses `44 formed in the inner surfaces of outer wafers 34 and 3B, thus maintaining said wafers in axial alignment as they are drawn together by screw 38.

A conductor plate 4E formed to present a central annular ring 48 adapted to t around bosses 42 and a plurality of radial arms 5ft extending from said ring as shown in Figure 3. is molded or placed in a recess 52 cut in each of the opposite faces of wafer 32. Arms 5l) do not extend to the edges of the wafer. A plurality of staggered teeth 5l are formed along both edges of each of said arms, said teeth being bent upwardly and then inwardly to cross to form an elongated channel into which wires may be pushed, as shown in Figure 4. Conductor plate 46 may be quickly and rapidly formed by a punch press operation, its thickness to be determined by the current carrying capacity of the wires to be attached thereto. Grooves 56 of semi-circular cross-sectionl are formed inthe inner surfaces of wafers 34 and 3S, to correspondto. the arms of recess 52 of central wafer 32.

In installation, insulated wires 53 entering junction box l through conduits 24 are stripped somewhat less than the length of arms 50, and the bare end portion of each wire is pushed through the channel formed by teeth 54 ofA one of arms B, as shown in Figures 3 and 4. Each wire is pushed inwardly till the insulation thereof touches the outer end of the associated arm 50. The outer end portions of grooves 52 and 55 are rounded to a diameter large enough to receive said insulation.

Wafers 3d. and 35 and clamp plates 4Q are then positioned as shown in Figure l and screw 38 is inserted. said screw being countersunk in upper clamp All and threaded into lower clamp qll. As the screw is turned the wafers are drawn together and the outer crossed ends of teeth 54 contact the outer wafers in grooves 55. As the screw is drawn still tighter, the ends of said teeth are turned downwardly and forced into clamping, gouging contact with wires 5a, thus making a secure, permanent connection with ample contact area, which nevertheless may be assembled and disassembled repeatedly without .materially aifecting the ends of t.e wires or necessitating that they be cut back.

Thus it is apparent that an electrical conductor having numerous advantages has been produced. No solder or tape is necessary, the only tool necessary for easyand rapid assembly is a screwdriver, the parts areV few and easily adapted to mass production, a wide, intimate contact area is provided, all possibility of short circuits through screw 38 is eliminated by bosses 42, conductorl plates 45 may be produced having a greater o1' lesser number of arms, and the connector may be easily disassembled. Clamp plates il) may be provided with the number and disposition of arms required to apply pressure precisely over each arm 5D, thus decreasing the thickness and rigidity required of the insulating wafers. Furthermore, the connector is completely enclosed, there are no projecting binding posts or other electrically live parts which could short the circuit to the junction box or other metallic members. For this reason it is unnecessary to fasten the connector securely in the junction box. It may be left floating in the box,unattached save bywires 53, and may thus be pulled out Aof the box for easy accessibility while assembling.

What I claim is:

1. An electrical connector kcomprising a central insulating wafer and two outer insulating wafers adapted to be assembled in a pile, a deformable conductor carried between each of said buter wafers and said central wafer and adapted -to engage loosely wires inserted Ywhile said wafers are-disassembled, and an axial screw extending through' said pile for drawing said wafers forcibly together, whereby' said conductor is-perma- ,nently deformed to cause clamping lcontact between' said conductor and said wires, said cen- 4 tral water being provided with outwardly extending bosses of uniform transverse area concentric with said screw and adapted to be contained in matching recesses provided in said outer wafers, said bosses being extended suiciently to engage said outer wafers during the entire clamping operation.

2. An electrical conductor comprising a plurality of planar insulating members adapted to be assembled ina pile, a plastically deformable conductor plate disposed between successive insulating members, each of said plates being formed to present a plurality of teeth, said teeth being bent upwardly and inwardly to form a plurality of .radial channels each adapted to retain loosely a wire inserted when the insulating members are disassembled, and means for drawing said insulating members forcibly together to permanently deform said teeth to force them into biting contact with said wires.

l3. An electrical conductor comprising a plurality of planar insulating members adapted to be assembled in a pile, a plastically deformable conductor plate disposed between successive insulating members, each of said plates being formed to present a plurality of teeth, said teeth being bent upwardly and inwardly to form a plurality of radial channels each adapted to retain loosely a wire inserted when the insulating mem,- bers are disassembled, and an axial screw extending through said pile Yfor drawing said insulating members forcibly together-to permanently deform said teeth to force said teeth into intimate contact with said wires, said screw engaging clamping plates at the top and bottom of said pole.

4. An electrical connector comprising a central insulating wafer and two outer insulating wafers adapted to be assembled in a pile, said central wafer having a centrallydisposed boss on each side adapted to be contained in correspondingly shaped recesses formed in said outer wafers; a conductor plate disposed between each of said outer wafers and said central wafer, each of said conductor plates comprising a central annular ring adapted to iit around said boss, and a plurality of radially extending arms each having teeth formed in staggered relation along the edges thereof, said teeth of each ,arm being bent upwardly and inwardly to forma channel adapted to retain loosely an electrical wirel inserted therein while the wafers are disassembled, and means including a screw extending axially through said bosses for drawing said wafers together to 4torce said teeth into close engagement with said wires.

5. An electrical conductor comprising a central insulating wafer and two outer insulating wafers adapted to be assembled in a pile, said central wafer being recessed on each side toY receive a plastically deformable conductor plate having radially extending arms each .having teeth formed along both edges thereof, said teeth being bent to form a channel adapted to retain loosely an electrical wire inserted therein while the wafers are disassembled, said teeth extending outwardly from the surfaces of said central wafer, and said outer wafers .having radially extending semi-circular grooves corresponding with said arms, and means'for drawing said wafers together, said teeth entering said semitact with said wires.

6. An electrical conductor comprising a central insulating wafer and two outer insulating wafers adapted to be assembled in a pile, said central wafer having a centrally disposed boss on each side adapted to be contained in recesses formed in said outer wafers, said central wafer being recessed on each side to receive a conductor plate having a central annular ring adapted to i'lt around said boss and radially extending arms each having teeth formed along both edges thereof, said teeth being bent to form a channel adapted to retain loosely an electrical wire inserted therein while the wafers are disassembled, said teeth extending outwardly from the surfaces of said central wafer, and said outer wafers having radially extending semicircular grooves corresponding with said arms, and means including a screw extending axially through said bosses for drawing said wafers t0- gether, said teeth entering said semi-circular grooves and being bent downwardly by said outer wafers into clamping contact with said Wires.

7. An electrical connector comprising a plurality of insulating layers adapted to be assembled in a pile, a plastically deformable conductor plate carried between successive layers in recesses formed therefor in one of each pair of layers, each of said plates having radially extending arms carried in branches of said recesses, each of said arms having clamping members formed integrally therewith adapted to be engaged in corresponding grooves formed in the other of said pair of layers to be forced into permanent clamping contact with a wire having its end portion stripped of insulation, said wire being inserted from the edge of said insulating wafers before the layers are drawn together, said grooved recesses in said layers extending to the edges of said layers and the arms of said conductor plates not extending to said edges, thereby leaving a portion of said grooves clear for receiving an insulated portion of said wire, and means for clamping said insulating layers together.

ANDREW H. ZIPH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the ille of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 78,403 Truesdell May 2, 1868 1,273,056 George July 16, 1918 1,290,153 Fitzpatrick Jan. 7 1919 1,706,005 Thompson Mar. 19, 1929 2,112,753 Abbott Mar. 29, 1938 2,276,571 Grypma Mar. 17, 1942 2,463,034 Harnett Mar, 1, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 340,671 England Jan. 8, 1931

US768334A 1947-08-13 1947-08-13 Electrical junction box connector Expired - Lifetime US2574608A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2824166A (en) * 1953-06-25 1958-02-18 Madaras Ernest Solderless electrical connectors and junction blocks
US3167375A (en) * 1962-09-17 1965-01-26 Burndy Corp Multi-tap connector
US3340496A (en) * 1965-04-13 1967-09-05 Chester R Kennedy Electrical connector element
US4219252A (en) * 1977-11-23 1980-08-26 Karl Fischer Electric plug connection
US5212346A (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-05-18 Melvin Pierce Electrical junction box
US5925850A (en) * 1997-09-05 1999-07-20 Park; Mike K. Electrical outlet, switch and junction boxs
US5936200A (en) * 1997-09-05 1999-08-10 Park; Mike K. Easy junction box
US7279633B2 (en) 2005-01-31 2007-10-09 Robert Waters Apparatus for providing an electrical wiring hub

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US78403A (en) * 1868-05-26 tkuesdell
US1273056A (en) * 1916-01-12 1918-07-16 Hawthorne Mfg Company Inc Electrical connection.
US1290153A (en) * 1918-03-30 1919-01-07 Joseph Fitzpatrick Wire-tapper.
US1706005A (en) * 1922-01-26 1929-03-19 Western Electric Co Method of making cord tips
GB340671A (en) * 1929-10-24 1931-01-08 Stanton Archibald Mabey Improvements in or relating to the interconnection of the connecting wires of electrical apparatus
US2112753A (en) * 1937-05-01 1938-03-29 Charles W Abbott Electrical connecting device
US2276571A (en) * 1939-08-30 1942-03-17 Theodore J Grypma Splicing method
US2463034A (en) * 1946-02-27 1949-03-01 Harnett A De Vere Circuit connector

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US78403A (en) * 1868-05-26 tkuesdell
US1273056A (en) * 1916-01-12 1918-07-16 Hawthorne Mfg Company Inc Electrical connection.
US1290153A (en) * 1918-03-30 1919-01-07 Joseph Fitzpatrick Wire-tapper.
US1706005A (en) * 1922-01-26 1929-03-19 Western Electric Co Method of making cord tips
GB340671A (en) * 1929-10-24 1931-01-08 Stanton Archibald Mabey Improvements in or relating to the interconnection of the connecting wires of electrical apparatus
US2112753A (en) * 1937-05-01 1938-03-29 Charles W Abbott Electrical connecting device
US2276571A (en) * 1939-08-30 1942-03-17 Theodore J Grypma Splicing method
US2463034A (en) * 1946-02-27 1949-03-01 Harnett A De Vere Circuit connector

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2824166A (en) * 1953-06-25 1958-02-18 Madaras Ernest Solderless electrical connectors and junction blocks
US3167375A (en) * 1962-09-17 1965-01-26 Burndy Corp Multi-tap connector
US3340496A (en) * 1965-04-13 1967-09-05 Chester R Kennedy Electrical connector element
US4219252A (en) * 1977-11-23 1980-08-26 Karl Fischer Electric plug connection
US5212346A (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-05-18 Melvin Pierce Electrical junction box
US5925850A (en) * 1997-09-05 1999-07-20 Park; Mike K. Electrical outlet, switch and junction boxs
US5936200A (en) * 1997-09-05 1999-08-10 Park; Mike K. Easy junction box
US7279633B2 (en) 2005-01-31 2007-10-09 Robert Waters Apparatus for providing an electrical wiring hub

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