US2557619A - Removable pin installation for well drilling cutter assemblies - Google Patents

Removable pin installation for well drilling cutter assemblies Download PDF

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Publication number
US2557619A
US2557619A US72885447A US2557619A US 2557619 A US2557619 A US 2557619A US 72885447 A US72885447 A US 72885447A US 2557619 A US2557619 A US 2557619A
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Prior art keywords
pin
well drilling
sleeve
cutter
end
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Kenneth H Swart
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SECURITY ENGINEERING Co Inc
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SECURITY ENGINEERING CO Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B10/00Drill bits
    • E21B10/26Drill bits with leading portion, i.e. drill bits with a pilot cutter; Drill bits for enlarging the borehole, e.g. reamers
    • E21B10/28Drill bits with leading portion, i.e. drill bits with a pilot cutter; Drill bits for enlarging the borehole, e.g. reamers with non-expansible roller cutters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49815Disassembling
    • Y10T29/49822Disassembling by applying force
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/53Means to assemble or disassemble
    • Y10T29/53796Puller or pusher means, contained force multiplying operator
    • Y10T29/53839Puller or pusher means, contained force multiplying operator having percussion or explosive operator
    • Y10T29/53843Tube, sleeve, or ferrule inserting or removing

Description

June 19, 1951 K. H! SWART REMOVABLE PIN INSTALLATION FOR WELL DRILLING CUTTER ASSEMBLIES Filed Feb. 15, 1947 INVENTOR. KENNETH H WART BY Patented June 19, 1951 REMOVABLE PIN INSTALLATION OB WELL DRILLING oUrtrEn' ssE-MB IEs Kenneth H. Swart, Whittier, Calif., assignor to Security Engineering 00., Inc., a corporation of California Application February 15, 1947, $erial No 728,854

4 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in well drilling tools. An object of the invention is to provide an improved well drilling tool wherein there is a body that provides a cutter recess adapted to receive a rotary cutter assembly and to provide a novel, simple and advantageous construction for removably mounting the cutter assembly in the recess.

More specifically, an object of the invention is to provide a well drilling tool in which there is a recess adapted to receive a cutter assembly and wherein the cutter assembly has an inner sleeve about which the cutter is rotatable. The sleeve has a main pin receivable therethrough for retaining it and its associated cutter in the recess and has a novel, rugged and simple means for locking the sleeve against rotation about the pin.

Another object of the invention is to provide a well drilling tool in which there is a pin that is apt to be removed from time to time for purposes of replacement of associated structure and to provide a novel means and method of removing this pin even though it may become firmly cemented or rusted in place.

A further object of the invention is to provide a locking device for cutter assembliesof well drillin tools which i so designed that neither vibration nor drilling stresses will be capable of causing undue wear to take place between respective parts thus eliminating wear on the body on which the cutter assemblies are mounted and avoiding necessity of body repair. The improved construction is designed to enable cutter assemblies to be removed and replaced at well drilling rigs thus avoiding any necessity of taking the tool to a manufacturing plant or machine shop.

With the foregoing and other objects in view, which will be made manifest in the following detailed description and specifically pointed out in the appended claims, reference is had to the accompanying drawings for an illustrative embodiment of the invention, wherein:

Figure 1 is a view in side elevation, parts being broken away and shown in vertical section, of a'well drilling tool such as a hole opener embodying the present invention; a

Fig. 2 is a partial view in vertical section illustrating a portion of Fig. 1 on an enlarged scale;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially upon the line 33 upon Fig. 1 in the direction indicated; and Fig.' 4 is a view illustrating the manner in which the pin may be removed.

Referring to the accompanying drawings wherein similar reference characters designate similar parts throughout, the present invention has been illustrated as applied to that type of well drilling tool generally known as a hole opener designed to widen or ream a well hole to a size of larger diameter when it has been initially drilled by a bit of smaller size. It will be appreciated, however, that features of the present invention are not necessarily restricted to this type of tool but may be employed on other types of well drilling tools wherein similar constructions occur. As illustratedthe hole opener consists of a body generally indicated at l0, threaded at its ends for incorporation in a well drilling string. This body ha outer arms II that are spaced from inner wall surfaces l2 to define cutter receiving recesses l3 that may be supplied with circulation fluid through circulation ports l4. Within the cutter recess I3 there is a rotary toothed cutter [5 that is rotatable about a sleeve It. This sleeve provides inner races for roller bearings I1 and ball bearings H3. The sleeve and cutter are so designed that the rollers of the roller bearings may be positioned therein and the cutter I5 slipped over the sleeve [6 and the applied rollers. There,- after, the balls [8 are fed outwardly from the interior of the sleeve I6 through a radial passage that is subsequently closed by a plug Hi. This plug is retained in position so as to confine the balls l8 by a main pin 20 that is axially receiv able through an inclined bore 2! that is drilled through the arm II and into the surface l2. Outer bushings 22 are recessed in the inner face of the arms II and are welded in place such as by the welds 23. In a similar manner, inner bushings 24 which enclose the inner ends of the pins 20 are recessed in the surface l2 and are welded in place such as by welds 25. The pin 20 is releasably locked in its applied position by means of a cross pin or lockin pin 26 that extends through a transverse hole in the arm II and is retained therein such as by a pipe plug 21. r

A feature of the construction resides in the manner in which the sleeve I6 is locked against rotation about the pin 20. To this end the face I2 is machined to provide a generally semi-circular shoulder 28 and quadrant-shaped segments 29 and 30 are welded such as by welds 3| against this shoulder. These segments are preferably formed of hardened steel and are welded not only to the shoulder but at their abutting ends indicated at '32. They co-operate to present an internal semi-circular surface 33 open at its lower end toward the entrance to the recess and this semi-circular surface is somewhat eccentrically disposed with relation to the axis of the pin 20. The inner end of the sleeve [6 has a flange or hub portion 34 that is turned thereon eccentrically with relation to its central axis, as shown in Fig. 3. This eccentric inner hub portion is readily receivable through the laterally open side of the eccentric seat 33 provided by the segments 29 and 30 so that in assembling the cutter assembly made up of the cutter I5, its associated bearings l1 and I8, and the sleeve 16, it is merely necessary to slide this assembly inwardly through the lower end of the cutter recess [3 between the surface l2 and the arm H and cause the eccentric hub portion 34 to enter the eccentric seat or shoulder 33. Thereafter the pin 20 may be inserted through the bore 2| to lock the assembly in position.

As the sleeve Hi can only rotate about the axis of the pin 20 and has a non-concentric hub portion 34 bearing against the eccentric shoulder or seat 33, it is manifest that rotation of the sleeve is effectively prevented. In fact, any tendency of the sleeve (6 to rotate sympathetically with the cutter l merely serves to tighten its eccentric hub 34 against the eccentric seat 33.

In constructions of this character, sediment in the drilling fluid or rust and corrosion may tend to cement the pin in place so that it becomes difficult to remove, and to obviate this diffieulty the pin 2!! is made hollow from end to end with a slight clearance 35 between the inner end of the pin and the bottom of the inner bushing 24. The outer end of the pin is internally threaded to receive a pipe plug or similar closure indicated at 36 and the interior of the pin is filled with a hydraulic fluid such as grease sticks. Whenever it is desired to remove the pin 20 to replace the cutter assembly after it has become worn, the plug 38 is removed and a rod R, having a diameter approximately equal to the inner diameter of the bore through the pin 23, is inserted and is given a blow with a hammer H. The grease within the pin 20 is forced inwardly and exerts against the inner end of the pin a highly hydraulic pressure commensurate with the magnitude of the blow given to the piston formed by the rod R. Such a high pressure is adequate to remove the pin even though it may have been very firmly lodged in place. Before applying the rod R and giving it a blow with the hammer H, it frequently is desirable to loosen the sleeve l6 with relation to its eccentric seat 33 and to this end the lower side of the eccentric hub portion 34 is provided with a recess 3'! into which a rod may be inserted to attempt to reversely rotate the sleeve and thus free it from the eccentric seat. When this is loosened the rod B may be inserted and given a blow to drive out the pin 26 after its locking pin 26 has been removed and thus free the cutter assembly for removal through the bottom of the cutter recess l3. A new cutter assembly may then be inserted, the pin 2!) re-installed and re-filled with grease, its plug 38 applied and the locking pin 26 installed.

From the above described construction it will be appreciated that the cutter assembly may be very easily inserted through the lower end of the cutter recess i3 and when installed it will be very rigidly mounted and its sleeve l6 held against rotation about the pin 26. Whenever it is desired to remove the cutter assembly the pin 28 can be forcibly expelled even though it may have become firmly frozen in place. While the invention has been illustrated as applied to a hole opener, it is not restricted thereto but may be employed on other types of well drilling tools employing removable pins and cutter assemblies that it is desired to replace from time to time.

The purpose of making the seat 33 for the cocentric portion of the sleeve in two segments 29 and 3B is primarily to avoid warping occasioned by the welding. Except for this factor these two segments could otherwise be made integral with each other.

It is possible to provide a reasonably satisfactory construction Without using the hardened segments 29 and 38 and instead to form the eccentric seat or shoulder provided thereby by machining it directly in the face of the body. However, although it is thus possible to omit the use of the hardened segments their use is generally preferred.

It is likewise possible to avoid the use of the inner bushing 24 and to merely drill a recess in the body to accommodate the inner end of the hollow pin 20. However, as will be observed from the drawing, in a tool of this character the section through the body from the inner end of the main pin to the circulation passage is rela tively thin and when the body is cast this thin section is apt to be porous. Consequently there may be a danger of the high hydraulic pressure created by striking the rod R with the hammer H blowing through this thin porous section. The use of the bushing 24 is consequently preferred in that the force exerted by this high hydraulic pressure is in effect distributed over this thin body section.

Various changes may be made in the details of construction without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a well drilling tool, means providing spaced elements between which a cutter assembly is receivable, a main pin receivable through the assembly and bridging the space between the elements, means for locking the main pin in position, said main pin being hollow and being filled with a fluid medium, openable means normally closing the outer end of the main pin, and means providing a chamber about the inner end of the main pin which is closed except for its communication with the interior of the main pin whereby on opening the closing means a piston forming element may be inserted to force the fluid medium through the main pin to exert a pressure on its inner end, and thus expel the main pin when the main pin is released for removal.

2. In a well drilling tool, means providing spaced elements between which a cutter assembly is receivable, a cutter assembly having a sleeve about which a cutter is rotatable, a main pin receivable through the sleeve'bridging the space between the elements, said sleeve having a portion which is non-concentric with relation to the axis of the pin fitting a complementary recess in one of said elements whereby the sleeve is held against rotation about the pin, said main pin being hollow from end to end thereof, means normally closing the outer end of the pin, and means forming a chamber about the inner end of the pin which is closed except for ingress thereto through the pin whereby on opening the outer end of the pin hydraulic fluid can be forced into the chamber through the pin under high pressure to expel the pin.

3. In a well drilling tool, means providing spaced elements between which a cutter assembly is receivable, a cutter assembly having a sleeve about which a cutter is rotatable, a main pin receivable through the sleeve bridging the space between the elements, said sleeve having a portion which is non-concentric with relation to the axis of the pin receivable through a laterally open complementary recess in one of said elements whereby the sleeve is held against rotation about the pin, said main pin being hollow from end to end thereof, means normally closing the outer end of the pin, and means forming a chamber about the inner end of the pin which is closed except for ingress thereto through the pin whereby on opening the outer end of the pin hydraulic fluid can be forced into the chamher through the pin under high pressure to expel the pin.

4. In a well drilling tool, a body, a tubular pin therein, means for releasably holding the pin against withdrawal from the body, a removable closure for the entrance to the passage through REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,792,927 Reed Feb. 17, 1931 2,111,781 Howard Mar. 22, 1938 2,174,102 Catland Sept. 26, 1939 2,348,293 Hamer May 9, 1944 2,407,471 Burk Sept. 10, 1946 2,429,967 Sorensen Oct. 28, 1947

US2557619A 1947-02-15 1947-02-15 Removable pin installation for well drilling cutter assemblies Expired - Lifetime US2557619A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2887301A (en) * 1956-02-08 1959-05-19 Chester B Day Reverse circulation rotary rock bit
US3654689A (en) * 1970-06-03 1972-04-11 Eis Automotive Corp Method and apparatus of assembling and disassembling hydraulic disc brake calipers
US4224876A (en) * 1978-10-12 1980-09-30 Southern Railway Company Cup-shaped bolster bearing
US4654947A (en) * 1985-12-02 1987-04-07 W. Wesley Perry Drill bit and method of renewing drill bit cutting face
US4654948A (en) * 1985-12-02 1987-04-07 W. Wesley Perry Method for renewing the cutting face of a diamond drill bit
US5992542A (en) * 1996-03-01 1999-11-30 Rives; Allen Kent Cantilevered hole opener
WO2000070184A1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-11-23 Allen Kent Rives Hole opener with multisized, replaceable arms and cutters
US20140338984A1 (en) * 2011-09-16 2014-11-20 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Hole opener bearing arrangement
US9714544B2 (en) 2013-05-20 2017-07-25 The Charles Machine Works, Inc. Reamer with replaceable rolling cutters

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1792927A (en) * 1926-09-21 1931-02-17 Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co Roller boring drill
US2111781A (en) * 1936-07-06 1938-03-22 John H Howard Well drilling bit
US2174102A (en) * 1938-03-09 1939-09-26 Globe Oil Tools Co Lubricated cutter mounting
US2348293A (en) * 1940-10-07 1944-05-09 Paul A Dewhirst Tapered bushing and method of removing the same
US2407471A (en) * 1944-12-11 1946-09-10 W C Brockmeier Rotary tool adapter
US2429967A (en) * 1944-03-01 1947-10-28 Phillips N Sorensen Method of extracting broken drills and the like

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1792927A (en) * 1926-09-21 1931-02-17 Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co Roller boring drill
US2111781A (en) * 1936-07-06 1938-03-22 John H Howard Well drilling bit
US2174102A (en) * 1938-03-09 1939-09-26 Globe Oil Tools Co Lubricated cutter mounting
US2348293A (en) * 1940-10-07 1944-05-09 Paul A Dewhirst Tapered bushing and method of removing the same
US2429967A (en) * 1944-03-01 1947-10-28 Phillips N Sorensen Method of extracting broken drills and the like
US2407471A (en) * 1944-12-11 1946-09-10 W C Brockmeier Rotary tool adapter

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2887301A (en) * 1956-02-08 1959-05-19 Chester B Day Reverse circulation rotary rock bit
US3654689A (en) * 1970-06-03 1972-04-11 Eis Automotive Corp Method and apparatus of assembling and disassembling hydraulic disc brake calipers
US4224876A (en) * 1978-10-12 1980-09-30 Southern Railway Company Cup-shaped bolster bearing
US4654947A (en) * 1985-12-02 1987-04-07 W. Wesley Perry Drill bit and method of renewing drill bit cutting face
US4654948A (en) * 1985-12-02 1987-04-07 W. Wesley Perry Method for renewing the cutting face of a diamond drill bit
US5992542A (en) * 1996-03-01 1999-11-30 Rives; Allen Kent Cantilevered hole opener
WO2000070184A1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-11-23 Allen Kent Rives Hole opener with multisized, replaceable arms and cutters
US6527066B1 (en) 1999-05-14 2003-03-04 Allen Kent Rives Hole opener with multisized, replaceable arms and cutters
US20140338984A1 (en) * 2011-09-16 2014-11-20 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Hole opener bearing arrangement
US9611698B2 (en) * 2011-09-16 2017-04-04 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Hole opener bearing arrangement
US9714544B2 (en) 2013-05-20 2017-07-25 The Charles Machine Works, Inc. Reamer with replaceable rolling cutters

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