US25471A - Improvement in sewing-machines - Google Patents

Improvement in sewing-machines Download PDF

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US25471A
US25471A US25471DA US25471A US 25471 A US25471 A US 25471A US 25471D A US25471D A US 25471DA US 25471 A US25471 A US 25471A
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needle
thread
arm
spring
movement
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D05SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05BSEWING
    • D05B27/00Work-feeding means
    • D05B27/02Work-feeding means with feed dogs having horizontal and vertical movements

Description

J. C. SILVEY.

Sewing Machine.

Patented Sept. 13, 1859.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JOSEPH O. SILVY, OF NEYV ORLEANS, ASSIGNOR TO THOS. J. DOBYNS, OF

ST. HELENA PARISH, LOUISIANA.

IMPROVEMENT IN SEWING-MACHINES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 25,471, dated September 13, 1859.

T0 at whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, Josnrn G. SILvY, of New Orleans, in the parish of Orleans and State of Louisiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Sewing-Machines; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and eXact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which Figure 1 is a vertical section of a machine with my improvements, taken in a plane at right angles to the direction of the feed move ment. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the same in a plane passing close to the needle in a plane parallel with the feed movement. Fig. 3 is an inverted plan of the same. Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating the mode of operating the needlearm. Fig. 5 is a plan of part of the feed-table, showing the arrangement of the needleslot.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.

in the cloth.

It consists, secondly, in the construction or arrangement of that portion of the surface of the feedtable which surrounds a feeding-dog working through the said table, and below or at the back of the cloth or material being sewed in such manner as to form an inclined plane or occupy an inclined position relatively to the plane or direction of the movement of the roughened surface of the feeding-dog, whereby the said dog is made to operate effectively with only a simple reciprocating motion. 7

It consists, thirdly, in a novel combination of springs attached to the needle-arm for the purpose of controlling the thread between the eye of the perforatingneedle and the spool from which the thread is supplied to the said needle and for regulating the tightness of the said thread in the stitch.

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.

A is the bed-plate, by which all the working parts of the machine are supported.

O D E is the needle-arm, constructed like a portion of a wheel and having its hub E secured upon or cast with a rock-shaft, S, arranged to work between centers or in bearings in the bed-plate A. The perforating eye-pointed needle it carried by the said arm is curved in the form of an arc concentric with therockshaft S. i

F is the driving-shaft of the machine, fitted to suitable bearings below the bed-plate and having its axis parallel with the axis of the rock-shaft S.

G is the eccentric carried by the said driving-shaft for the purpose of operating the needle-arm, said eccentric having a circular groove, a, in the face, to receive a pin, 1), attached to one side of the needle-arm, which is arranged close to the said eccentric, and the center of the shaft F being arranged some distance within a prolongation of the arc dc scribed by the oscillation of the pin 1) with the needle-arm, as is illustrated in the diagram Fig. 4, where the saidarc c is represented by a red line. The revolution of the eccentric G causes the needle-arm to derive the necessary oscillating motion to operate the needle through the action of the groove to of the eccentric upon the pin 1) on the needle-arm, and the arrangement of the centers of the shaft F within the are described by the pin 1) (illustrated in Fig. 1) causes the downward movement of the needle to require'to effect it considerably more than half a revolution of the eccentric and the upward movement thereof a corresponding less portion than one-half of such revolution, as is illustrated by the two positions of the eccentric represented in the diagram Fig. 4, where the eccentric and pin 6 are represented in the positions they occupy at the extremities of the stroke of the needle, the upper position of the eccentric being that which it occupies at the termination of the upward stroke of the needle, and the arrow shown in the diagram indicating the direction of the revolution of the eccentric. The action of the so-applied eccentric on the needle-arm is such that the eccentric makes a very considerably portion of its revolution while the needle remains nearly stationary in its lowest position protruded throughthe cloth to gain time for the entrance into the loop of the needle-thread by the device which carries the locking-thread. This mode of applying the eccentric, in combination with the needlearm, constitutes a very simple method of producing a most effective movement of the needle.

B is the feed plate or table upon which the cloth or other material to be sewed is laid.

H is the toothed or roughened feeding-dog, by which the material is moved, said dog working through a slot in the feed-table B.

I is the pressure-pad for confining the mate.- rial to the surface of the feed-dog and holding it down as the needle is drawn out, said pad being made to produce the requisite pressure upon the cloth by means of a weight, J, at the top of its stem.

The general surface of the feed-table is horizontal and perpendicular to the plane of motion of the needle; but the part through which the needle passes, and through which the feeding-dog works, is formed with an inclined plane, 0 0, (see Fig. 2,) which crosses the plane of motion of the needle obliquely with a descent in the direction of. the feeding movement of the dog, which is indicated by an arrow in the last-named figure. The feeddog H is fitted to slide between the plate B and a plate, K,-arranged below and parallel with the said plate B, and has its roughened or toothed surface inclined to correspond with the inclined plane 6 c, and hence by its movement back and forth in the direction of the arrow marked upon it in Fig. 2, and vice versa, it is caused to be alternately protruded above and retracted within the surface of the inclined plane 0 6, its protrusion taking place while moving in the direction to feed, and its Y retraction within the plate taking place during its return. By providing an inclined plane on the feed-plate in this manner the feedingdog is caused to release itself from the cloth as its returning movement commences, while having only a simple reciprocating motion, and the complicated mechanism employed to effect the release of the feed-dog from the cloth to;

' ver, L, which works ona fixed pin, 9, secured below the bed-plate A, and whose other arm contains a curved slot, h, receiving an arm, M, attached to the rock-shaft S of the needle-arm. The vibration of the arm M with the needle arm gives the lever L the movement necessary to operate the feeding-dog.

To provide for varying the feed movement to vary the length of the stitch, the hub M of ing-needle N, working on a pin, 77, secured in the back part of the needle-arm.

B T is a thin V-shaped or two-leaved spring attached at the extremity of one leaf by a stem,

j, to one side of the needle arm, between the spool Q and the needle. This spring has in each leaf a number of holes, 1 Z, through which the thread passes 011 its way from the spool Q to a fixed guide, It, on the needle-bar, which guide conducts it to the needle a.

m is another spring attached at its lower end to the spring B T, at the bend or junction of its two leaves, and arranged to work laterally to or between the leaves of the spring R T. This spring has an eye at its upper eX-- tremity, (see Fig. 2, through which the thread passes once in passing from one leaf to the other of the spring B T.

The operations ofthe ab ove-described springs are as follows: WVhen the needle is rising to draw up the stitch, the friction produced upon the thread by passing through the holes Z Z prevents any thread beingdrawn off from the spool, and the tension produced on the thread between the needle and the spring R T causes the free leaf T of the said spring to be drawn toward the leaf R and the spring m to be drawn toward or into the opening between the leaves of the spring B T, and the springs, while keeping the thread tight between themselves and the needle, yield up as much of what is laced through their holes as is necessary to permit the rise of the needle. As the needle descends again the thread, which would be left slack below its eye, is drawn up by the opening of the leaves of the spring R T and the lateral outward movement of the spring m. The opening of the leaves R T at the same time causes the quantity of thread requisite for the next stitch to be drawn off from the spool Q, which is arranged to work with very slight or no more than an accidental friction. The principal duty of the spring m, which is made very light, is to continue drawing up the slack of the thread, if any remains between the spring B T and the needle after the full opening of the latter spring has been completed. This combination of springs, it will be seen, effects in an entirely automatic manner the complete control of the thread between the needle and the spool, and causes the stitch to be drawn up tight without the use of any mechanical agency than that of the thread itself.

0', Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 5, is the non-perforatthe arm M is fitted loosely to the shaft and ing eye-pointed needle, which carries the lockclamped against the needle-arm by means of ingthread, arranged below the plates B K,

and working parallel with the feed-motion,

1 said needle being straight on the side which works next the perforating-needle n. This needle is attached to a slide, U, working in suitable guides, and deriving motion from a horizontal lever, V, operated by a cam, W, on the main shaft F. V

X is the spool from which the thread represented in blue color is supplied to the needle 0-, the said thread passing from the spool through an elastic guide, 8, Fig. 3, and from thence through an eye, 6, in the head of the needle 1", as indicated in Fig. 1 and in dotted lines in Fig. 3, and from thence along a groove in the back of the needle and through the eye 7, (see Fig. 2,) near the point thereof.

15, Figs. 1, 2, and 5, is the needle-slot in the feed-plate B, said slot having the edge 8, next to which works that side of the perforatingneedle 71 on which the thread issues from the eye, so obliquely arranged as to cross the plane of the line of sewing on that side of the needle from which the cloth is moved by the feeding operation, as is illustrated in Fig. 5, where the direction of the feed is indicated by an arrow. The point of the perforating-needle n is in line with the side from which the thread issues, as shown in Fig. 1, which side works next the needle 1', and next the oblique edge 8 of the slot, the bevel which forms the said point being made from the opposite side.

By the above'described oblique arrangement of the edge 8 of the slot the portion 9 (see Fig. 5) of the locking-thread remaining be-- tween the eye 7 of the needle 0' and the seam on the completion of each stitch is caused to be drawn by the succeeding feed movement into contact with the said edge, and so carried to a position indicated in Fig. 5 that the perforating-needle will pass between it and the needle 1', and the said portion 9-of the thread will be caused to be carried round the perforating-needle n in the form of a loop by the retraction of the needle 1*, and by this means the curvature and lateral movement of the needle 0' are dispensed with.

I do not claim, broadly, giving the perforating-needle a quicker movement during its withdrawal from than during its perforation of the material being sewed, .nor effecting suspension of its movement. Neither do I claim the employment of springs to produce friction and tension upon the thread of the perforatingneedle between the seam and the spool from which the said thread is supplied; but

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. Operating the needle-arm by means of a grooved eccentric, G, and a pin, 1), on the needle-arm, arranged relatively to each other, to operate in the manner herein described, and illustrated in Fig. 4.

2. The construction or arrangement of the portion of the feedplate or table B through which the needle and the feeding-dog work to form an inclined plane relatively to the direction of the movement of the feeding-dog, substantially as herein described, and illus trated in Fig. 2, for the purpose set forth.

3. The combination of springs R, T, and 17:, applied in the manner described to effect the tightening of the stitch and otherwise control the thread between the perforating-needle and its spool by the automatic operation herein explained.

JOSEPH G. SILVY.

WVitnesses J J. OTT, S. 'E. OTT.

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3696868A (en) * 1970-12-18 1972-10-10 Otis Eng Corp Well flow control valves and well systems utilizing the same
US3724501A (en) * 1971-01-21 1973-04-03 Jackson Inc B Undersea well test tree control valve and system
US3743015A (en) * 1971-09-07 1973-07-03 Hydril Co Mud saver valve
US3750751A (en) * 1971-04-06 1973-08-07 Hydril Co Subsurface safety valve
US3762471A (en) * 1971-04-06 1973-10-02 Hydril Co Subsurface well apparatus and method
US3783942A (en) * 1971-11-24 1974-01-08 Hydril Co Inside drilling tool blowout preventer
US3786866A (en) * 1973-03-06 1974-01-22 Camco Inc Lockout for well safety valve
US3786865A (en) * 1973-03-06 1974-01-22 Camco Inc Lockout for well safety valve
US4475598A (en) * 1982-07-06 1984-10-09 Baker Oil Tools, Inc. Ball valve actuating mechanism
US4552219A (en) * 1983-10-05 1985-11-12 Hydril Company Subsurface safety valve
US4651828A (en) * 1983-12-28 1987-03-24 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Safety valve in particular for closing an oil well
US6015014A (en) * 1996-05-29 2000-01-18 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole lubricator and method
US6056055A (en) * 1997-07-02 2000-05-02 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole lubricator for installation of extended assemblies
US6155344A (en) * 1996-04-17 2000-12-05 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole tool connection for live well deployment

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3696868A (en) * 1970-12-18 1972-10-10 Otis Eng Corp Well flow control valves and well systems utilizing the same
US3724501A (en) * 1971-01-21 1973-04-03 Jackson Inc B Undersea well test tree control valve and system
US3750751A (en) * 1971-04-06 1973-08-07 Hydril Co Subsurface safety valve
US3762471A (en) * 1971-04-06 1973-10-02 Hydril Co Subsurface well apparatus and method
US3743015A (en) * 1971-09-07 1973-07-03 Hydril Co Mud saver valve
US3783942A (en) * 1971-11-24 1974-01-08 Hydril Co Inside drilling tool blowout preventer
US3786866A (en) * 1973-03-06 1974-01-22 Camco Inc Lockout for well safety valve
US3786865A (en) * 1973-03-06 1974-01-22 Camco Inc Lockout for well safety valve
US4475598A (en) * 1982-07-06 1984-10-09 Baker Oil Tools, Inc. Ball valve actuating mechanism
US4552219A (en) * 1983-10-05 1985-11-12 Hydril Company Subsurface safety valve
US4651828A (en) * 1983-12-28 1987-03-24 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Safety valve in particular for closing an oil well
US6155344A (en) * 1996-04-17 2000-12-05 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole tool connection for live well deployment
US6015014A (en) * 1996-05-29 2000-01-18 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole lubricator and method
US6056055A (en) * 1997-07-02 2000-05-02 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole lubricator for installation of extended assemblies

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